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Great Britain cannot righteously complain so long as we do not deny to her, as the mother country of the CANADAS, the same right equally with ourselves. She cannot rightfully interrupt our enjoyment of that right. And if she does, then we cannot submit to it. Our dividing line is at 49° on this side of the mountains; and if it is straightened to the Pacific on the other in harmony, we ought to be satisfied. In settling that line between the two Governments, the great law of “love and good will to man” requires concessions for equivalents, to be agreed for by mutual consent, and they should be mutually made for the convenience of each other; and these are fit subjects for friendly negotiation.
The bill for extending our jurisdiction over Oregon need not to be, as it ought not to be, adopted, until we see, what more the President will do, and what Great Britain means to do. And this Senate ought not to adjourn until we know whether we are to have peace or a sword. It shall not by my vote.
Mr. President: My hands are clean—my heart is easy—my conscience is unburdened ; and if I
have done any thing for good, I shall rejoice-if not, I have tried to do it. And having confidence in God stronger than any “confidence in princes,” I pray that He who rules the destiny of nations may guide our counsels so as to save the
of my beloved country, and protect it for ever by His mighty arm in the enjoyment of liberty and religion.
THE HONOURABLE HUGH WHITE,
OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, MEMBER OF CONGRESS FOR THE
DISTRICTS OF SARATOGA SCHENECTADY, FULTON, AND PART OF
The history of Mr. White, as I have received it from himself, is the best clue to his character; developing, as it does at once, his honest independence and his success in life. “Until the age of nineteen,” said he, “I followed the plough. About that time an incident occurred which probably has contributed much to the formation of my character, and, by the aid of the free institutions of this country, to the attainment of my present position in life.
“I set off one summer morning in my best attire, and with a small knapsack on my back, to visit the Falls of Niagara. As a matter of course I took up my abode at the Hotel, and at dinner, as a matter of course also, I seated myself at the
table, neither knowing nor heeding who were my neighbours. A gentleman (I believe I must acknowledge that he was an Englishman) immediately called the proprietor of the Hotel, and told him that he would not sit at table with me. I presume that the ungenteel cut of my coat, maybe my toilworn hands, offended his delicacy. Be this as it may, the host declared that he could not separate his guests; that I paid the same sum that others did, and that he could dismiss no man from his table except for ill conduct. The gentleman then desired his servant to send me off.' I rose from my seat to defend myself, and thus replied to the insolent stranger. 'I know not whom I address; but the moment your servant approaches me, I shall knock down his master, who is responsible for this gross insult to an honest man.' My sturdy rustic frame and determination recalled this gentleman to his senses; he retired from the contest, and reseated himself: we resumed our respective places. Dinner passed over; supper passed over in silence, but without annoyance on either side. In the morning the good sense of the man prevailed, and coming up to me,
he apologised for his rudeness, and, in terms of friendship, requested my hand, which I need not say was given in the same spirit. By this trial I was strengthened in self-respect and the consciousness of worth, and I acquired a feeling of ambition. Returning home, I applied with diligence to the improvement of my fortune and the advancement of my station. How far my efforts have been crowned with success, it is for others, not for me, to say.”
To this modest and truthful relation I have to add, that Mr. White, in personal appearance, dress, manners, and mode of speaking, is truly a gentleman ; that he is considered a man of perfect faith and integrity; that he ever defends the absent; that he blames none for holding opinions different to his own, and that he is a sincere lover and upholder of justice.
Mr. White is a Whig, and his principles are very strongly impressed upon his mind, and also very strongly put forth in argument. I have a suspicion that he thinks Whigs in general better men than Democrats; but if the cause of humanity or friendship is to be served, these feelings weigh