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Very Rev. Modest Demers, Vicar General, and
Zerbinatti, Peter, Mengarini, Gregory, Bolduc, John Baptist, Nobili, John,
Langlois, Anthony. All the above mentioned gentlemen are members of the Society of Jesus, with the exception of the two last named, and the Very Rev. Mr. Demers. The Superior of the Jesuits in Oregon resides at Willamette.
The institutions that have been commenced in Oregon, consist—1. Of an Academy at St. Mary's, among the Flat Heads ; 2. Of a College at Willamette ; and 3. Of an Academy for Girls, at the same place, under the charge of six Sisters of Notre Dame. The Superior is Sister Loyola. Other establishments have been set on foot.
The total number of savages in the territory is about 110,000, of whom six thousand have been converted to the true faith. The number of Catholics
the settlers amounts to about 1,500, most of whom are Canadians.
3 Religious institutions..
1 Catholic population, about... 7500
THE MEXICAN WAR.
Tue War between the United States and Mexico arose from various subjects of just complaint on the part of the United States against Mexico. I have traced these complaints in the Presidential Messages of Monroe, John Quincy Adams, General Jackson, and Martin Van Buren, and have been struck with the forbearance which the American Government exercised towards their weaker foe ; chiefly in consideration of the disturbed state of the internal policy of the newly organized and perplexed Republic.
The subjects of complaint were these :-
Some feelings of distrust on the part of the Mexicans,
Territorial lands. Excessive, vexatious, and causeless delays in the arrangement of the Boundary Line, and disputes in consequence of these delays.
The seizure of American ships and property in Mexico; the claims having been adjusted by Commissioners; they were made payable by instalments, one of which only has been paid.
All these were points in dispute before the Annexation of the Texas, having been commented upon for twenty years at least, by successive Presidents.
From the method of argument, or rather of vituperation, against the American Government, pursued by the English Journalists, it would seem that they have either never known, or else that they have forgotten, these circumstances.
The Journals in England crowd their columns on one side with histories of the British wars in India, and on the other, with histories of the American war in Mexico. It may be instructive, as it is certainly amusing and curious, to compare a few of the features which these two wars present in common,-premising only the superior eclat of the Anglo Asiatic over the Anglo American ideas of conquest :THE MEXICAN WAR THE INDIAN WAR
Has cost the United States Has cost England milabout a thousand lives. lions of her people.
Has cost a few millions of Has cost countless mildollars.
lions of pounds sterling. Has lasted six months. Has lasted nearly 100
The Americans claim the The English, for 246 adjustment of the Boundary years, have been struggling Line of their State of Texas to dispossess the native annexed to their Republic Hindoo Princes of their by her own desire—and have Territory, and they have therefore proved just claims been eminently successful against the Mexicans.
in this meritorious undertaking. They have no excuse beyond that of the bewitched Macbeth :
“I am in blood, Stepped in so far, that, should I
wade no more, Returning were as tedious as go
The Americans plead guilty
An infirmity very powerto the charge of being land fully developed in their prostealers.
son. The Mexicans will be im The Hindoos proved by their present alli- changed from Native Subance, and by their future jection to English Govern: Union and amalgamation ment; that is, they become with the Americans. Twenty- the slaves of their conquetwo years ago they banished rors; they are swept away from the soil of Mexico, and leave no name behind. where it had ruled three Nothing in the future can hundred years, the proud ever make amends to the Standard of Castille. What Hindoos for the spoliation has the Republic since they have suffered and the achieved? Nothing but re- indignities they have envolutions.
The present Adminis No victory, no concession, tration of the United States, no acquisition has ever prowise in their Commercial duced Peace for the vicpolicy, will perceive the su- timized Hindoos.—To them perior advantages of Trade the living tiger of their over War, and will make a native desert is less appalling speedy PEACE, either by than the pictured lion of Conquest or by Treaty. England. It brings no peace
to them-save that of ex
termination. Certain it is, therefore, that the English can condemn the Americans upon no law of honesty, justice, or mercy, which they themselves acknowledge. It is not my desire however to excuse this war of the United States against Mexico, because it was evidently a war of temper; an element unworthy to enter into the policy of any nation, whether great or small. Patience and negociation would, in time, have effected between the United States and Mexico, a pacific arrangement of all their differences; as patience and negociation have recently effected pacific arrangements between America and Great Britain ; witness the case of M‘Leod—the North East and North Western Boundaries.
The expenses of the Mexican war will be paid by the Americans with ease; such burthens lie lightly upon a people who are free from permanent and direct taxation, and on whose fields the God of Harvests forgets not to scatter the continual gift of abundance.