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course with the natives, and to enable her to repair her vessels. These secondary and permissive rights, in no manner involving the sovereignty, were all she acquired by that convention ; all that her statesmen then claimed; all that Spain conceded.

And yet she has at this hour the effrontery to assert, in the face of history, that she thus acquired the right of paramount occupation and settlement. I say all that her statesmen claimed; for Ms. Fox, in the British Parliament, whilst the convention was under discussion, denounced it as "a treaty of concessions and not of acquisitions." In another passage he asserts, that “we had given up all right to settle, except for temporary purposes, to the south of the Spanish settlements or in the intervals between them, where they happened to be distant.”Par. His. vol. 28, p. 995.

An d in confirmation of this language, Mr. Pitt, under whose auspices as Prime Minister the conventi on had been negotiated, replied by saying that England “ had gained no new rights, but that she had gained new advantages.” These new advantages, in the language of Mr. Pitt, consisted simply in the acknowledgment by Spain “of the

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Queen Charlotte's Sound, which all combine to separate it from the main land, until he could get vessels ready to accompany him, and he did accompany him.

And here let me pause to mark a point in English diplomatic artifice. Upon the arrival of Vancouver at Nootka Sound, the island which forms the Sound was called Quadra, and had been for years; the Spaniards were in possession ; a Spani sh commandant, he whose name the island

held possession in the name of Spain, and a flourishing Spanish settlement, with the consent and approbation of the natives, was established. With out a word on the subject of restoration, or of sovereignty, or right to the island, but silently and without the knowledge of any one, but doubtless with the secret sanction of the English ministry, Vancouver in his journal and chart christens the island by his own name, in order that England,

a century afterwards, might have another point on which to rest her random and vagrant claim. The flagrancy of this act is more striking when it is recollected that Spain held possession, not only at Nootka Sound, but of the entire island


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