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testimony; and if the work is not more accurate than its predecessors, it is believed to be equally so with the most reliable. Free use has been made of the available labors of others in the same department of literature, always accrediting the source from whence facts were derived. I have aimed to view men and events with an impartial eye, censuring friends when they deserved censure, and commending enemies when truth and justice demanded the tribute. The historical events recorded were those of a family quarrel concerning vital principles in jurisprudence; and wisely did a sagacious English statesman console himself, at the close of the war, with the reflection, “We have been subdued, it is true, but, thank Heaven, the brain and the muscle which achieved the victory were nurtured by English blood ; Old England, upon the Island of Great Britain, has been beaten only by Young England, in America."

In the pictorial department, special care has been observed to make faithful delineations of fact. If a relic of the Revolution was not susceptible of picturesque effect in a drawing, without a departure from truth, it has been left in its plainness,

chief object was to illustrate the subject, not merely to embellish the book. I have endeavored to present the features of things as I found them, whether homely or charming, and have sought to delineate all that fell in my way worthy of preservation. To do this, it was necessary to make the engravings numerous, and no larger than perspicuity demanded, else the work would be filled with pictures to the exclusion of essential reading matter.

The plans of military movements have been drawn chiefly from British sources, for very few were made by the engineers in the Continental service. These appear to be generally pretty correct, so far as they represent the immediate movements of the armies in actual conflict; but the general topographical knowledge possessed by those engineers, was quite defective. I have endeavored to detect and correct their inaccuracies, either in the drawings or in the illustrative descriptions.

With these general remarks respecting the origin and construction of the work, it is submitted to the reading public. If a perusal of its pages shall afford as much pleasure and profitable knowledge as were derived from the journey and in the arrangement of the materials for the press, the effort has not been unfruitful of good results. With an ardent desire that it may prove a useful worker in the maintenance and growth of true patriotism,

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ILLUSTRATIONS_Vol. I.

Muminated Frontispiece.

86. View from Sholes's Landing..

. Page 149
2. Title-page.

87. Initial Letter

150
3. Ornamental Head for Preface and Initial Letter... Page iii. 88. Plan of the Fort

151

4. Tail Piece...

vi. 89. Crown Point

152

5. Ornamental Head for Contents

vii. 90. Inscribed Stone.

152

6. Initial Letter-Introduction..

XV. 91. Well at Crown Point.

153

7. Portrait and Signature of Columbus.

xviii. 92. “ Virtual Representation," a Caricature.

158

8. Portrait of Isabella..

xxii, 93. Split Rock

159

9. Spanish Caravel.

xxiii. 94. Burgoyne addressing the Indians.

160

20. View of Palos...

xxiii. 95. Tomb of Ethan Allen

161

11. Ruins of the Pinzon Mansion..

xxiii. 96. Scene of Arnold's Naval Battle.

162

12. Landing of Columbus..

XXV.

97. Plan of Arnold's first Engagement.

163

13. Banner of the Expedition..

XXV.

98. Plan of Arnold's second Engagement.

164

94. Portrait of Sebastian Cabot..

xxvii. 99. Washington's Hair powder Pouch..

166

15. Portrait of Amerigo Vespucci.

xxviii. | 100. Isle Aux Noix, in the Sorel..

167

16. Portrait of De Soto..

xxxi. 101. Military Establishment at St. John's.

169

17. Portrait of Verrazzani

xxxii.
102. Fort at Chambly...

171

18. Initial Letter

33 103. St. John's, on the Richelieu River.

172

19. The Clermont

35 104. Portrait of Lord George Germain..

173

20. Portrait of Lieutenant General Burgoyne.

37 105. French Canadian House

173

21. Portrait of General Schuyler.

38 106. Canadian Peasant Girl..

174

22. Initial Letter

43 107. Beloeil Mountain

174

2. Localities at Bemis's Heights .

40 108. Portrait of Francois Yest.

175

24. Portrait of Thaddeus Kosciusko

49 109. A Thunderstruck Rock

175

25. Battle-ground of Stillwater

53 110, 111. A Caleche-Aurora Borealis.

176

20. Burgoyne's Encampment on the Hudson

57 112. Initial Letter

177

27. House in which General Fraser died

64 113. Grey Nun Praying...

178

28, 29. Tomahawks..

64 114. View of Montreal and its Walls in 1760..

179

30. Fraser's Burial-place.

66 115. Signature of Ethan Allen .

180

31. Lady Ackland proceeding to the American Camp. 68 116. Portrait of Sir Guy Carleton..

181

32. Initial Letter...

69 117. Walls of Quebec.

183

33. Schuyler's Mill, Saratoga

73 118. View of Point Levi from Durham Terrace.

185

34. Schuyler's Mansion

74 119. Wolfe's Ravine...

187

35. General Gates's Head-quarters at Saratoga..

75 120. Portrait of General Wolfe

184

36. Plan of the Armies at Burgoyne's Surrender...

77 121. Wolfe's Monument

189

37. Fac-simile of the Signatures of Burgoyne and Gates... 79 122. Norridgewock Falls, 1775.

191
38. View of the Place where the British laid down their Arins 80 123. Arnold's Route through the Wilderness, 1775. 193
39. Site of the first Interview between Gates and Bur 124. Initial Letter

195

goyne ....

81 125. St. John's Gate.

198

40. Medal struck in Honor of General Gates and bis Army 83 126. Cape Diamond

198

4L Portrait of Silas Deane ..

85 127. Place where Arnold was wounded.

199

42. Initial Letter....

88 128. Palace Gate, outside...

199

43. The Riedesel House, Saratoga.

89 129. Portrait of General Montgomery

200

44. Cellar of the Riedesel puse

89 130. Montgomery's Monument.

201

45. General Schuyler and Baroness Riedesel

91 131. Palace Gate, inside...

202

46. Place where Lovelace was executed..

92 132. Temperance Cross.

47. Bloody Run ...

94 133. Montmorenci Falls.

203

48. Fort Miller, Fording place

94 134. Wolfe and Montcalm's Monument.

205

49. Fort Edward

95 135. The Cascades, or St. Ann's Rapids

206

50. Balm of Gilead at Fort Edward.

95 136. Cedar's Rapids, at St. Timothy.

207

51. Diagram illustrating a Fortification

96 137. Lumber Raft on the St. Lawrence.

209

52. Jane M Crea Tree, Fort Edward

97 138. Cairn..

209

53. A River Bateau.

98 139. Sheldon House

210

54. Jane M'Crea Spring.

99 140. Wind-mill Point,

211

55. Grave of Jane M'Crea.

101 141. Portrait and Signature of Lord Amherst.

213

56. Colonel Cochran's Monument.

102 142. Initial Letter

214

57. Nouth of Fort Edward Creek.

102 143. Bomb-proof Tower..

214

58. A curious Skull...
103 144. Oswego in 1755.

217

59. Two Sides of a Cross-pistarcen..

103 145. Forts at Oswego.

217

60. Initial Letter

104 146. Remains of “ New Fort,” Oswego

61. View below Glenn's Falls.
105 147. View of Oswego and the Fort in 1798

220

62. Williams's Rock.

106 148. View of Oswego Harbor, 1848

221

63. Portrait of King Hendrick.

106 149. Portrait of Mrs. Cochran

64. Bloody Pond..

107 150. Distant View of Fort Niagara

225

65. Fort William Henry

108 151. Niagara Suspension Bridge

228

66. Ruins of the Citadel of Fort Georgo

112 152. Sepulchral Stone ...

230

67. Head of Lake George.

113 153. Site of Fort Stanwix.

231

68. Long Point and Vicinity

114 | 154. Portrait of Sir William Johnson

232

69. Sabbath Day Point.

115 155. Fort Johnson.

232

TO. Lake George and part of Lake Champlain.

115 156. Caughnawaga Church.

233

71. Rogers's Rock...

116

157. Guy Park.

234

72. Ground Plan of Fort Ticonderoga..

118 158. Initial Letter

73. Initial Letter ...

121 159. Portrait of Colonel Gansevoort..

240

74. Portrait of Isaac Rice

122 160. Order of March of St. Leger's Forces

241

75. Ruins at Ticonderoga..

127 161. Portrait of Colonel Marinus Willett.

244

76. The Bakery

128 162. Battle-ground of Oriskany

245

77. View from the Top of Mount Defiance.

131 163. Bowl of a Pipe...

246

78. Portrait of General St. Clair.

132 164. Fort Schuyler and Vicinity..

249

79. Site of Fort Anne...

139 165. Old Stone Church, German Flats

254

80. Major lerael Putnam in British Uniform.

140 166. The Pulpit of the Church.

254

81. Battle-ground near Fort Anne..

167. Fort Herkimer

255

82. View at Putnam's Rock

142 168. Portrait of Joseph Brant.

256

83. The Battle ground at Hubbardton..

145 169. Hieroglyph of Teyendagages, or Little Hendrick 256

84. Plan of the Battle...

146 170. Hieroglyph of Kanadage, or Hans.

256

85. Head-stone, Mount Independence...

148 171. Signature and Hieroglyph of King Hendrick

256

203

172. Cross of Kanadagea.

.Page 256 267. Arnold's Residence, New Haven

.Page 121

173. Cross of Tinyahasara, or Little Abraham

256 268. Savin Rock...

422

174. Signature of Daniel

256 269. West Bridge and Milford Hill.

423

175, Excavations at Little Falls.

259 270. Campbell's Monument.

423

176. View of Little Falls

259 271. Landing place of General Tryon..

424

177. View below Moss Island.

259 272. The Buckley House.....

426

178. General Herkimer's Residence.

260 273. Humphreys's Monument.

429

179, Herkimer's Grave.

260 274. Portrait of Colonel Humphreys.

429

180. Castle Church.

261 275. Portait of Dr. Eneas Munson.

430

181. Fort Plain.

261 276. Signature of Nathan Beers....

431

182. Fort Plain Block-house..

262 277. Initial Letter

432

183. Lipe's House

263 278. First Meeting-house in Connecticut

433

184. Old Parsonage and Church

263 279. The Charter Oak..

434

185. Initial Letter.

264 280. The Webb House..

436

186. Armed Settlers

266 281. Elder Brewster's Chest, brought in the May Flower. 437

.87. Signature of Walter Butler.

270 282. Key of the Chest..

437

188. Portrait of General Sullivan

272 283. Fac-simile of the Signatures of the Pilgrims..

438

189. Order of March against the Indians

274 284. Ancient Chair

438

190. Initial Letter...

284 285. Chopping-knife.

438

191. The Butler House.

285 286. Putnam's Tavern Sign..

439

192. Signature of John Butler

285 287. The old Colony Seal..

445

193. North Front of Johnson Hall

286 288. Ancient Map of Massachusetts Bay.

446

194. Signature of Sir John Johnson.

286 289. The “Pine tree Shilling"

449

195. Vignette on Sir William Johnson's Diploma.. 288 290. The Beacon in Boston..

451

196. The Kane House

292 291. Fac-simile of the first American Paper Money. 452

197. Portrait, House, and Signature of J. Dievendorf. 293 292. Seal of George III., the Purse, and Chancellor's Mace. 456

198. Mansion of Judge Campbell.

296 293. Initial Letter

457

199. Distant View of Cherry Valley

297 294. Portrait of George III. at the Time of his Accession.. 457

200. Brant's Rock..

297 295. Usual Appearance of King George III., 1776.

458

201. Portrait of Hendrick Hudson..

301 | 296. Portrait of Queen Charlotte..

458

202. Schuyler's Mansion at Albany.

304 297. Portrait of George Grenville.

460

203. Initial Letter

305 298. Portrait of Colonel Barré.

463

204. Washington's Head-quarters at Morristown. 309 299. Liberty Tree..

466

205. Schuyler's Head-quarters at Morristown.

315 300. Portrait of Governor Hutchinson.

468

206. Fac-simile of the Continental Paper Money

317 301. Portrait of Charles, Marquis of Rockingham

470

207. Fac-simile of the first Money coined in the United 302. Portrait of William Pitt

472

States

318 303. The Province House..

474

208. Cipher Alphabet..

320 304. Portrait of John Dickinson.

476

209. Fac-simile of Cipher Writing

320 305. Faneuil Hall..

479

210. Old Apple-tree at Springfield.

322 306. Portrait of Augustus Henry, Duke of Grafton.. 482

211. Plan of the Battle at Springfield.

322 307. Portrait of Lord North..

483

212. Mrs. Mathews's House

323 308. Initial Letter

485

213. Caldwell's Monument.

326 309. Title-page of the Boston Almanac, 1770.

486

214. Boudinot's Vault..

326 310. Music of the “Massachusetts Song of Liberty", 487

215. Old Tavern at Elizabethport.

328 311. The “Old South" Meeting-house.

490

216. Franklin's Stove..

328 312. Signature of James Otis..

492

217. "Liberty Hall"

329 313. Portrait of Lord Dartmouth.

495

218. Portrait of Governor Livingston..

330 | 314. Portrait of David Kinnison.

499

219. Steuben's Head-quarters at Middlebrook.

333 315. Portrait of G. R. T. Hewes.

501

220. Washington's Rock..

334 316. Portrait of Edmund Burke.

503

221. Initial Letter

337 317. Hancock's House, Boston.

507

222. Scene in the Wyoming Valley

341 318. Skull and “Cross-bones"

507

223. Portrait of Count Zinzendorf

342 319. Disjointed Snake-device at the head of Newspapers 508

224. View near Toby's Eddy..

343 320. Initial Letter

509

225. Site of Wintermoot's Fort...

351 321. Portrait of Samuel Adams.

510

226. Position of the Wyoming Forts.

353 322. View of Boston from Dorchester, 1774

512

227. Signature of Colonel Z. Butler..

355 323. View of the Lines on Boston Neck.

513

228. The Susquehanna at Monocasy Island.

356 324. Portrait of John Hancock.

515

229. Queen Esther's Rock

357 325. Medallion Likeness of Adam Smith

517

230. The Treaty Table.

359 326. Portrait of Edward Gibbon

519

231. Initial Letter.

364 327. Medallion Likeness of John Wilkes.

520

232. Wyoming Monument

365 328. Clarke's House, Lexington.

523

233. Frances Slocum-Ma-con-a-que.

369 329. Skirmish at Lexington ..

524

234. Timothy Pickering.

374 330. Signature of Colonel James Barret.

525

235. The * Red House

375 331. Colonel Barret's House..

526

236. Cars entering the Mines at Carbondale.

378 332. Battle-ground at Concord.

526

237. Lamp of a Miner..

378 333. Plan of the Monuments at Concord

527

238. Appearance of the Chambers in the Mines.

379 334. Initial Letter

533

239. View from the Shawangunk Mountains

381 335. Reverse of a Massachusetts Treasury Note, 1775.. 534

240. Initial Letter

382 336. Charlestown and adjacent Hills in 1775.

538

241. The Van Kleek House, Poughkeepsie

383 337. Plan of the Redoubt on Breed's Hill.

540

242. ne Livingston Mansion.

385 338. The New England Flag .

541

243. The Constitution House, Kingston .

387 339. Action on Breed's Hill

543

244. The Yeoman House..

388 340. Portrait of Joseph Warren

548

245. Monument in Church-yard, Kingston

389 341. Warren's Monument ..

549

246. View at the Mouth of the Rondout

390 342. Initial Letter

551

247. Van Schaick's Mill...

391 343. Monument at Concord

552

248. Portrait of General Stark.

394 344. Monument at Lexington.

553

249. Plan of the Battle of Bennington

395 345. Near View of the Monument..

553

250. The Bennington Battle-ground.

396 346. Portrait of Jonathan Harrington

554

251. Initial Letter

401 347. Washington's Head-quarters at Cambridge.

555

252. Distant View of Compo

402 348. The Riedesel House, Cambridge..

557

253. Head quarters of Agnew and Erskins.

403349. Bunker Hill Monument.

254. Dibble's Barn....

404 350, Signature of the Baroness Riedesel

558

255. Portrait of Joel Barlow.

405 351, Chantrey's Statue of Washington..

561

256. Portrait of Joseph Dibble.

406 352. Mather's Vault...

561

257. Portrait of General Wooster.

408 353. Cotton Mather's Writing

562

258. Place of the Barricades, Ridgefield

409 354. Speaker's Desk and Winthrop's Chair.

562

259. Place where Wooster Fell.

410 355. King Philip's Samp-pan

562

260. Putnam's Quarters..

411 356. Captain Church's Sword

562

261. Putnam's Hill

412 357. The Washington Elm, Cambridge.

5564

262. Fitch's Point, the Landing-place of the British. 413 358. Boston with its Environs, 1776.

566

263. Darien Church

414 359. The Pine-tree Flag ...

570

264. Grummon's Hill

415 360. Signature of Governor Gage

573

265. The Green, Fairfield.

416 361. British Fort on Bunker Hill

574

206 The Regicides' Tomb-stones.

420 362. American Floating Pattery.

575

363. Initial Letter.

.Page 577 444. Initial Letter 364. Gold Medal awarded to Washington.

Page 698 584 445. Great Chain and Mortars.

700 365. Medal struck in Honor of Lord North 586 446. View from Fort Clinton, looking North

701 366. Roxbury Fort..... 592 447. Koscuiszko's Garden..

701 367. Ground Plan of the Fort 592 448. Koscuiszko's Signature.

701 368. Initial Letter 595 449. Interior of Fort Putnam.

703 369. Signatures of Uncas and his Sons. 597 450. Signature of Bernard Romans

703 370. Uncas's Monument.. 598 451. Plan of Fort Constitution

703 371. Residence of General Huntington 600 452. Plan of the Magazine..

704 372. Portrait of Jonathan Trumbull. 601 453. Signature of La Radiere

704 373. Governor Trumbull's War Office. 602 454. View of West Point in 1780

704 374. The Trumbull House. 602 455. Signature of Duportail..

704 375. The Alden Tavern 603 456. Map of West Point

705 376. The Williams House

603 457. Ruins of Fort Putnam, as seen from Fort Webb. 707 377. The Trumbull Vault 603 458. View from Constitution Island.

708 378. Birth-place of Benedict Arnold. 604 459. Arnold's Willow.

708 379. Governor Huntington's Mansion.. 606 460. The Robinson House..

708 380. Governor Huntington's Tomb. 607 461. Portrait of Beverly Robinson

709 381. General Huntington's Tomb. 607 462. Portrait of Benedict Arnold

710 382. Map of New London Harbor.

609 463. Fac Similes of a part of Arnold and Andrè's Letters. 714 383. New London Harbor, looking North 610 464. Signature of Elisha Sheldon..

715 384. View of the Landing-place of Arnold.

611 465. Map showing the Scene of Arnold's Treason.. 716 385. Monument at Groton.. 614 466. Smith's House

720 386. Portrait of Mrs. Bailey. 617 467. Signature of Villefranche

721 387. Bishop Seabury's Monument 618 468. Signature of Major Bauman

722 388. Initial Letter. 619 469. Fac Simile of Arnold's Pass.

723 389. Landing-place of Roger Williams. 620 470. Signature of Joshua H. Smith.

724 390. Signature of Roger Williams 623 471. Initial Letter ..

725 391. Hopkins's Monument 624 472. Signatures of Arnold's Aids

725 392. Governor Cooke's Monument. 625 473. The Breakfast Room.

726 393. Signature of Stephen Hopkins 625 474. View at Beverly Dock.

729 394. Old Tavern in Providence 626 475. View near Fort Montgomery.

731 395. Stone Tower 628 476. Lake Sinnipink, or Bloody Pond

731 396. Gaspee Point.. 628 477. Portrait of Beverly Garrison.

732 397. Signatures of the Commissioners 630 478. Picture of part of a Boom..

732 398. Old Tower at Newport 633 479. Plan of Attack upon Fort Montgomery

734 399. Inscription on Dighton Rock 634 480. View from Peekskill Landing.

734 400. Prescott's Head-quarters. 635 481. Signatures of Vaughan and Wallace.

736 401. Perry's Monument 635 482. The Birdsall House.

738 402. Top of 'Tonomy Hill. 636 483. Signature of Philip Van Cortlandt.

739 403. Hubbard's House and Mill.

636 484. Paulding's Monument, and St. Peter's Church, 739 404. Initial Letter 642485. View from Gallows Hill.

740 405. Portrait of Colonel William Barton. 643 486. Signature of Alexander M‘Dougal.

740 406. Prescott's Head-quarters.. 644 487. Signature of Sarnuel H. Parsons

742 407. Portrait of D'Estaing.. 646 488. Map of Verplanck's and Stony Points.

743 408. Plan of Operations upon Rhode Island in 1778.. 648 489. Rear View at Stony Point. 409. Scene of the Engagement on Rhode Island, August 490. Portrait of General Wayne.

745 29, 1778 651 491. Wayne's Monument

745 410. Ancient Sycamore 653 492. View of Stony Point from the Southwest

746 411. Quaker Hill, from the Fort on Butts's Hill.

657 493. Fac Simile or Wayne's laconic Dispatch to Washington 747 412. View Northward from Butts's Hill

658 494. Gold Medal awarded by Congress to General Wayne. 748 413. Portrait and Sign-manuel of King Philip..

659 495. Medal awarded to Lieutenant-colonel De Fleury 749 414. Three Signatures of chief Warriors of King Philip.. 659 496. Medal awarded to Major Stewart

750 415. Handwriting of Elliot and Gookin. 660 497. Initial Letter

751 416. Conannicut, or Dumplings Fort... 665 498. The Ferryman.

751 417. Initial Letter.. 666 499. King's Ferry Sign-board.

751 418. Washington's Head-quarters at Newburgh 667 500. View from Smith's House

753 419. The Dining-hall, or Room with seven Doors. 668 501. View of the Place where Andrè was captured. 754 420. Monument at Goshen.. 671 502. Colonel Jameson's Head-quarters..

756 421. Signature of Lewis Nicola. 672 503. Ancient Dutch Church..

758 422. Portrait of John Armstrong. 674 504. Bridge over Sleepy Hollow Creek.

759 423. Portrait of James Clinton.. 680 505. The Vane..

759 424. Remains of Fortifications at Plum Point. 661 506. Communion-table

759 425. Head-quarters of Greene and Knox 682 507. Receiving Tomb

700 426. Signatures of young Ladies on a pane of Glass. 683 508. Van Wart's Monument..

760 427. The Square, New Windsor..

683 509. View of “Sunnyside," the Residence of Washington 428. Residence of Mrs. Falls,

684
Irving..

761 429. The Temple. 685 510. View from the Ruins of the old Fort

762 430. View of the Camp Ground 685 511. The Livingston Mansion.

763 431. Ancient Stone House near the Temple. 685 512. Washington's Head-quarters at Tappan.

764 432. Portrait of Robert Burnet.

686 513. Portrait of John Andrè, from a Miniature, by himself 765 433. Portrait of Usual Knapp. . 687 514. Major Andrè, from a Pencil Sketch..

165 434. Signatures of the Officers of Washington's Life Guard. 688 515. Andrè's Monument in Westminster Abbey

767 435. Banner of Washingion's Life Guard... 688 516. Portrait of Aaron Ogden...

768 436. Fac Simile of a Return of the Commander-in-chief's 517. Major André, from a pen-and-ink Sketch, by himself 771 Guard.. 689 518. Place of Andrè's Execution.

772 437. The Wharton House. 690 519. The Captor's Medal

773 438. Portrait of Enoch Crosby 690 520. Ruins of a Forge near Ramapo Village.

778 439. Dutch Church, Fishkill. 691 521. Torn Rock ..

760 440. Trinity Church..

692 522. Remains of Intrenchments at the Ramapo Pass 781 441. The Verplanck House. 693 523. The Hopper House.

782 442. Society of the Cincinnati-Member's Certificate. 696 524. Hopper's Monument,

782 443. Order of the Cincinnati. 697 525. Burr's Head-quarters.

783

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