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raised, and to make requisitions from the legislature of each colony, or the persons therein authorized by the legislature to execute such requisitions, for the quota of each colony, which is to be in proportion to the number of white inhabitants in that colony, which requisitions shall be binding; and thereupon the legislature of each colony, or the persons authorized as aforesaid, shall appoint the regimental officers, raise the men, and arm and equip them in a soldierlike manner; and the officers and men so armed and equip. ped shall march to the place appointed, and within the time agreed on by the United States assembled.

But if the United States assembled shall, on consideration of circumstances, judge proper that any colony or colonies should not raise men, or should raise a smaller number than the quota or quotas of such colony or colonies, and that any other colony or colonies should raise a greater number of men than the quota or quotas thereof, such extra numbers shall be raised, officered, armed, and equipped, in the same manner as the quota or quotas of such colony or colonies, unless the legislature of such colony or colonies respectively, shall judge that such extra numbers cannot be safely. spared out of the same; in which case they shall raise, officer, arm and equip as many of such extra numbers. as they judge can be safely spared; and the officers and men so armed and equipped, shall march to the place appointed, and within the time agreed on by the United States assembled.

To establish the same weights and measures through. out the United Colonies..

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| But the United States assembled shall never impose or levy any taxes or duties, except in managing the postoffice; nor interfere in the internal police of any colony any further than such police may be affected by the articles of this confederation. |_The United States assembled shall never engage the United Colonies in a wary nor grant letters of marque and reprisal in time of peace; nor enter into treaties or alliances ; nor coin money; nor regulate the value thereof; nor agree upon nor fix the sums and expenses necessary for the defence and welfare of the United Colonies, or any of them ; nor emit bills ; nor borrow money on the credit of the United Colonies; nor raise naval forces ; nor agree upon the number of land forces to be raised-unless the delegates of nine colonies freely assent to the same : nor sball a question on any other point, except for adjourn. ing, be determined, unless the delegates of seven colonies vote in the affirmative. - No person shall be capable of being a delegate for more than three years in any term of six years.

No person holding any office under the United Slates, for which he, or another for his benefit, receives any salary, fees, or emoluments of any kind, shall be capable of being a delegate.

The assembly of the United States to publish the journal of their proceedings monthly, except such parts thereof relating to treaties, alliances, or military ope. rations, as in their judgment require secrecy. The yeas and nays of the delegates of each colony on any question to be entered on the journal, where it is desired by any delegate ; and the delegates of a colony, or any of them, at his or their request, to be furnished with a transcript of the said journal, except such parts as are above excepted, to lay before the legislatures of the several colonies.

ARTICLE XIX.

The council of state shall consist of one delegate from each colony, to be named annually by the delegates of each colony; and where they cannot agree, by the United States assembled.

This council shall have power to receive and open all letters directed to the United States, and to return proper answers; but not to make any engagements that shall be binding on the United States: To correspond with the legislature of every colony, and all persons acting under the authority of the United States, or of the said legislatures: To apply to such legislatures, or to the officers in the several colonies who are intrusted with the executive powers of government, for occasional aid, whenever and wherever necessary : To give council to the commanding officers, and to direct military operations by sea and land, not changing any objects or expeditions determined on by the United States assembled, unless an alteration of circumstances, which shall come to the knowledge of the council after the recess of the states, shall make such change absolutely necessary : To attend to the defence and preservation of forts and strong posts, and to prevent the enemy from acquiring new bolds: To procure intelligence of the condition and designs of the enemy: To expedite the execution of such measures as may be

resolved on by the United States assembled, in pursuance of the powers hereby given to them: To draw upon the treasurers for such sums as may be appropriated by the United States assembled, and for the payment of such contracts as the said council may make in pursuance of the powers hereby given to them: To superintend, and control, or suspend, all officers civil and military, acting under the authority of the United States: In case of the death or removal of any officer within the appointment of the United States assembled, to employ a person to fulfil the duties of such office until the assembly of the states meet: To publish and disperse authentick accounts of military operations : To summon an assembly of the states at an earlier day than that appointed for their next meeting, if any great and unexpected emergency should render it necessary for the safety or welfare of the United Colonies, or any of them: To prepare matters for the consideration of the United States, and to lay before them at their next meeting all letters and advices received by the council, with a report of their proceedings: To appoint a proper person for their clerk, who shall take an oath of secrecy and fidelity before he enters on the exercise of his office. Seven members shall have power to act. In case of the death of any member, the council shall immediately apply to his surviving colleagues to appoint some one of themselves to be a member thereof till the meeting of the states; and if only one survives, they shall give immediate notice, that he may take his seat as a counsellor till such meeting.

ARTICLE XX.

Canada acceding to this confederation, and entirely joining in the measures of the United Colonies, shall be admitted into, and entitled to all the advantages of this union. But no other colony shall be admitted into the same, unless such admission be agreed to by the delegates of nine colonies.

These articles shall be proposed to the legislatures of all the United Colonies, to be by them considered; and if approved by them, they are advised to authorize their delegates to ratify the same in the assembly of the United States; which being done, the articles of this confederation shall inviolably be observed by every colony; and the union is to be perpetual. Nor shall any alteration be at any time hereafter made in these articles, or any of them, unless such alteration The agreed to in an assembly of the United States, y and be afterwards confirmed by the legislatures of every colony.

Resolved, That eighty copies, and no more, of the confederation, as brought in by the committee; be immediately printed and deposited with the Secretary, who shall deliver one copy to each member.

That the printer be under oath to deliver all the copies which he shall print, together with the copy sheet, to the Secretary; and not to disclose, either directly or indirectly, the contents of the said confederation.

That no member furnish any person with his copy, or take any steps by which the said confederation may

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