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Substitutes.

Notice to persons detached.

Forfeiture for non-appearance at rendezvous;

and for neglect to join detachIment.

Imprisonment for non-payment.

Parent, &c. when liable.

Wounded and disa'led, provided for.

sect. 36. Each and every sergeant, corporal, musician and private of the militia, that shall be detached to perform a tour of military duty, under the government, and by authority of this state, or of the United States, shall be allowed to procure a substitute, of equal grade with himself, to be approved of, and accepted, by the senior officer in command, at the place of rendezvous, who shall be the only proper officer to accept and approve of substitutes, and determine on their qualifications; and it shall not be in his power to accept of a substitute, unless completely equipped and in uniform, according to law ; which substitute, when accepted, and voluntarily enrolled, shall be subject to the laws of this state, for forming and conducting the military force, while in actual service. sect. 37. It shall be the duty of the commanding officer of the company, from which any detachment is made, to give immediate notice thereof to the person or persons detached, which notice shall be in writing, signed by the commanding officer of the company, and read in the hearing of the person detached, or an attested copy thereof, left at his usual place of abode, by one of the sergeants of said company; and whenever any sergeant, corporal, musician, or private, detached and notified as aforesaid, shall refuse or neglect to appear, either himself, or by substitute, approved as aforesaid, at the time and place appointed for the rendezvous of such detachment, the person so neglecting to appear, shall forfeit and pay the sum of twenty dollars into the treasury of the state, and shall forfeit and pay to said treasury, the further sum of twenty dollars, for each and every month he shall neglect to join such detachment, and in the same proportion, for any part of the time he shall neglect to join the detachment; and upon neglect or refusal to pay the aforesaid penalties and forfeitures, or any part of the same, he shall be imprisoned in the common gaol of the county, where he resides, for a term not less than thirty days, nor exceeding sixty days, at the discretion of the court before which the conviction is had. sect. 38. When any fine shall be incurred, by any minor, for a breach of the thirty-third and thirty-seventh sections of this act, the parent, guardian or master of such minor, shall be liable for the same, unless where such parent, guardian, or master, shall make it appear, that he was not aiding in, or consenting to, such neglect or refusal. srct. 39. Any officer or soldier, wounded or disabled, and the widow and children of any officer or soldier killed, while in the service of this state, shall be suitably provided for, by the legislature, having respect to the nature and merits of such case.

sect. 40. General, field, commissioned and staff of. ficers, shall be subject to trial, by general court-martial, according to the usage and practice of war, for disobedience of orders, for unofficerlike conduct, while on duty, or during any day appropriated to military exercise or review, and for the neglect of any duty imposed upon them by law, as officers of the militia; which court-martial shall consist of not less than nine, nor more than thirteen members; and the senior officer, who shall always be of a rank superior to the officer on trial, shall preside. The court-martial for the trial of an officer, under the grade of a field officer, shall be appointed by the commanding officer of the brigade, to which he belongs; for the trial of an officer of the grade of a field officer, except field officers of the artillery, cavalry, and rifle corps, by the commanding officer of the division, to which he belongs; for the trial of a general officer, and of field officers in the artillery, cavalry and rifle corps, by the captain-general. In every court-martial there shall be a judge-advocate, who shall discharge the duties of that office, according to the usages and practice in courts-martial; and no other person shall be admitted to prosecute or defend the arrested officer. Whenever a court-martial shall be ordered, the order shall designate the time and place of holding the same, the name of the officer to preside, and the number and rank of other officers, of which the court is to be composed. If the court shall be ordered by the captain-general, the orders shall be of the tenor following. to wit :

State of Connecticut, ss.
GENERAL ORDERS.

A general court-martial is ordered to assemble at , on the day of Anno Domini, , for the trial of such person or persons as may be brought before them. to consist of members, to be taken from the division, to wit: major-generals, brigadier-generals, colonels, lieutenant-colonels. Major-general will preside. The adjutant of the regiment will furnish an orderly sergeant, to attend and execute the orders of the court. (To be signed by the captain-general, or the adjutantgeneral.)

Courts-martial,

how constituted;

and appointed.

Judge-advo-
Cate.

Order for court-martial.

Form of order, by captaingeneral :

by major-general ;

by brigadiergeneral.

Duty of adju-
tant-general,
in case of a
general court-
martial.

Duty of division-inspector, in case of a division courtmartial.

If the court be ordered by a major-general, the orders shall be of the tenor following, to wit:

State of Connecticut, ss.

DIVISION ORDERS FOR THE DIVISION OF
MILITIA.

A general court-martial, of said division, will assemble at , on the day of , Anno Domini, ; for the trial of such person or persons as may be brought before them, to consist of members, to wit: brigadier-generals, colonels, lieutenant-colonels, and majors. Brigadier-general will preside. The adjutant of the regiment will furnish an orderly sergeant, to attend and execute the orders of the court. (To be signed by a major-general, or by a division-inspector, by his order.)

If the court be ordered by a brigadier-general, the orders shall be of the following tenor, to wit:

State of Connecticul, ss.

BRIGADE ORDERS FOR THE BRIGADE OF
MILITIA.

A general court-martial of said brigade will assemble at , on the day of , Anno Domini, , for the trial of such person or persons as may be brought before them, to consist of members, to wit: colonels, lieutenant-colonels, majors, captains, and subalterns. Colonel will preside. The adjutant of the regiment, will furnish an orderly sergeant, to attend and execute the orders of the court. (To be signed by the brigadier-general, or by the brigade-major, by his order.) For a general court-martial, the adjutant-general shall detail and notify all general officers, and apportion the number of other officers required, to the several brigades they are to be taken from ; and give notice thereof to the respective division-inspectors, or brigade-majors, who shall detail and notify said officers, and return make to the adjutant-general’s office. In a division court-martial, the division-inspector, or an aid-de-camp, under the direction of the major-general, ordering said court, shall detail and notify the general officer or officers, and apportion the other officers to each brigade, and give notice thereof to the respective brigade-majors, who shall detail and notify the field officers, required of their brigades, and return thereof make, to the office of the major-general ordering said court. For a brigade court-martial, the brigade-major shall detail and notify the field officers required to serve on said court, and apportion to the several regiments, in said brigade, the number of captains and subalterns of each regiment, and notify the respective adjutants; and the adjutants of each regiment shall detail and notify them, and return thereof make to the brigade major; and if the officer to be tried be a general of ficer, he shall be furnished with a copy of the order for said court, and a copy of the charges in arrest, by the adjutant-general, or a division or brigade-inspector, as the captain-general shall direct, thirty days before the sitting of said court, inclusive ; who shall also make return thereof, with the names of the officers composing the court, to the judge-advocate of the court; and if he be of or under, the rank of a field officer, he shall be furnished with like copies, twenty days before the sitting of the court, inclusive, by a brigade-inspector, or adjutant of the regiment to which the arrested officer belongs, as the officer ordering the court shall direct, who shall return the same, and the names of the officers composin the court, to the judge-advocate of the court; and it shal be the duty of the said judge-advocate, to summon, or cause to be summoned, such witnesses on the part of the state, as may be necessary, by subpoena, signed by the officer ordering the court, or the president thereof, or the said judge-advocate ; and the accused shall be entitled to the like process, to enable him to procure the attendance of his witnesses, which process may be served by the judge-advocate, or by any disinterested person, by him deputed. The members to compose the court, shall be detailed by seniority, in a regular rotation of duty ; and all charges in arrest, shall be made out in due form, by way of complaint, and signed by the party complaining, addressed to the officer whose duty it is to order the court ; specifying the act or neglect, of which the accused is supposed to be guilty, and praying due process, before said officer shall order a court-martial, for the trial of the accused officer. The members of the court, before they enter upon the trial of any person accused, shall take the following oath, to be administered by the judgeadvocate, to wit: “You swear, that you will truly try and determine, according to the evidence given in court, the matters depending between this state, and the officer or officers now to be tried; that you will not divulge the sentence of the court, until the same shall have been approved or disapproved, pursuant to law; neither will

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Other oaths, how administered.

Judge-advocates, how appointed ;

their duty;

and oath;

by whom to be administered, and certified.

When a judgeadvocate of an adjoining county may officiate.

Exception to members of the court.

Limitation of punishment, to be inflicted by a court-Inartial.

Arrested officer refusing to attend, to be fined and cashiered.

you, at any time, disclose the vote or opinion of any member of the court, unless required by due course of law : So help you God.” All other oaths, which it may be necessary to administer, during the court, may be administered, by any general or field officer, or by the judge advocate. sect. 41. There shall be appointed, and commissioned, by the captain-general, for each county, a judge-advocate, who shall do the duties of that office, in all courts-martial assembled and held in the county, for which he is appointed ; who shall take the following oath, to wit: “You swear, that you will not, at any time whatever, disclose the vote, or opinion, of any member of any courtmartial, in which you may be called to act, unless required, by due course of law; nor divulge the sentence of any such court, till the same shall have been approved or disapproved, pursuant to law; and that you will, faithfully and impartially, do the duty of judge-advocate, according to your best abilities: So help you God.” Which oath may be administered by any judge. or justice of the peace, and a certificate thereof shall be made, by such judge or justice, on the commission of the judge-advocate. sworn as aforesaid; and the judge-advocate, so appointed and sworn, shall hold his office, during the pleasure of the captain-general. Whenever the judge-advocate of the county, by reason of interest, or relationship to any officer to be tried, sickness, or any other cause, cannot act in any court martial to be assembled and held in the county, to which he belongs, the officer ordering the court, may designate and order the judge-advocate of any adjoining county, to officiate in said court-martial. sect. 42. If, on trial, the accused shall except against any one or more of the members of the court, he shall state the ground of his objections, and if it appear to the court sufficient, the member or members objected to, shall leave their seats; and if the number remaining be less than nine, the court shall be adjourned for a reasonable time, that the officer appointing the court, may detail others, to supply the place or places of such members. And no court-martial shall order any other punishment, than a fine. not exceeding one hundred dollars, and reprimand, or either ; or a fine not exceeding one hundred and fifty dollars, and cashiering, with disability of holding any military office in the state, or either of those punishments; and two thirds of every court shall concur in every sentence. And in case an officer under arrest, shall refuse or neglect to attend a court-martial, according to orders and notice given him, he shall, by said court, be sentenced to pay a fine, not exceeding two hundred

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