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are hereby declared to be good and valid, to all intents and purposes whatever; any law, custom, or usage to the contrary, notwithstanding.(1)
(1) It is evident, that the first settlers of this country considered marriage as merely a civil contract; for, by a law passed in 1640, the power to perform the marriage ceremony was given to the civil magistrate only. In 1694, it was given to ordained ministers, as well as magistrates. Though the statute prohibits the joining of persons in marriage, without publishment, and in case of minors, without the consent of their parents or guardians, yet it has
cver been considered, that the marriage was valid, and that the magistrate or minister celebrating it, was liable to a penalty. By the former statute, every person, except a magistrate or ordained minister, was prohibited from performing the marriage ceremony; and a question having been frequently agitated, whether a marriage by any other person was valid, it was thought best to remove all doubt, by declaring it to be void.
JMasters and Servants.
An Act relating to Masters and Servants.
SECT. 1. B'. it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives, in General Assembly convened,
That the fathers and guardians of minors may bind them,
bind apprenti- by deed, or indenture, as apprentices, to learn some
ces. trade or profession; males till twenty-one, and females till eighteen, or to the time of their marriage within that age, with the assent of such minor, expressed in the indenture, by subscribing the same; which binding shall be as effectual as if the minor was of full age.(1)
When minors may bind themselves apprentices.
sect. 2. Minors of the age of fourteen, having no father or guardian, within the state, may bind themselves apprentices, by indenture, with the approbation of the
major part of the select-men in the town.
When selectmen may bind children.
sect. 3. If any person or persons, who have had relief or supplies from any town, shall suffer their children to
mispend their time, and live in idleness, and shall neglect to bring them up, and employ them, in some honest calling; or if there shall be, at any time, any family that cannot, or does not, provide competently for their children, whereby they are exposed to want; or if there be any poor children in any town, that live idly, or are exposed to want and distress, and there are none to take care of them ; it shall be the duty of the select-men of such town, and they are hereby empowered, with the assent of a justice of the peace, to bind out such poor
(1) In the revision of 1672, there is a regulation, that no person, under the government of a parent, guardian, or master, shall be capable to make a contract, unless allowed by his parent, guardian or master. A question seems to have arisen, whether this did not give the power to a parent, guardian or master, to enable a child or minor, under his care, to make contracts, in the same manner, as if of full age. To guard against this construction, in the revision of 1784, a further provision was
made, that such contract should be binding on the parent, guardian, or master. The only effect of this clause of the statute was, to deprive minors of the power of making contracts for necessaries, which they could do at common law. As no inconvenience has resulted from the exercise of this power, where it is possessed ; and as, in many cases, it may be necessary; this section has been omitted, and minors now stand on the footing of the common law, as to their capacity of making contracts.
children, belonging to such town, to be apprentices to
some proper masters, to be instructed in some suitable
Refractory apprentices, how punished.
Proviso, as to release from prison ; or discharge from apprenticeship.
Runaway apprentices, how to be brought back.
How to proceed, when masters abuse their apprentices.
Trial before county court.
Discharge from service.
Children employed in factories to be taught reading, writing and arithmetic.
Board of visitors.
es of any of the inhabitants in the same town; then, in
shall discover, that the president and directors of any in
corporated factory, or the proprietor or proprietors of any manufacturing establishment, have neglected to perform the duties enjoined on them by this act, such board of visitors shall report such neglect to the next county court
within the county within which the same shall have oc-
Power of the
Penalty for enticing apprentices.
Apprentices absconding to be liable for damage, after full age.
County medical societies.
Connecticut medical convention.
TITLE 65. Medical Societies.
An Act to incorporate Medical Societies, and to establish the M. Institution of Yale-College.
E it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in General Assembly convened, That the physicians and surgeons in the respective counties in the state, now members of the county meetings, and all physicians and surgeons, who shall hereafter be licenced to practise, pursuant to the provisions of this act, shall constitute county medical societies; and they and their successors shall be and remain bodies politic and corporate, to be known and called by the name of the several counties to which they belong, and shall annually meet, on the third Monday in April, at such places as heretofore have been, or hereafter shall be, designated by them, and may adjourn from time to time, as they shall judge expedient. Each county medical society shall, at their annual meeting, elect a chairman, and clerk, and such other officers as they may find necessary, to manage the concerns of the society; and shall elect five members of their own society, except the counties of Middlesex and Tolland, and in those counties, three members, each, as delegates to compose a convention of said societies. Each medical society shall have power to adopt such regulations as they may think proper, to promote medical knowledge. sect. 2. The delegates, chosen by the several county medical societies, shall meet, on the second Wednesday of May, annually, at such place as has been, or may hereafter be, designated by them, twelve of whom shall be a sufficient number to transact business ; and shall have power to choose, by ballot, a president, vice-president, secretary, treasurer, and such other officers as they may think proper; and being so formed, shall be known and called by the name of The President and Fellows of the Connecticut Medical Convention, and shall hold their offices for the term of one year. And said convention shall have power to make by-laws to promote the objects of the institution, not repugnant to the laws of the United States, or of this state; to expel any of their members for misconduct; to have a common seal, and the same to alter at pleasure; to sue and be sued, as a corporate body, relative to their rights and interests; to lay a tax upon the members of the county medical societies, not