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support of impotent widow.
Such support may be recovered of heirs er legatees.
Overseer of each tribe to be appointed by the county Court.
To settle his accounts annually.
Purchase of land from Indians prohibited, and the purchase void.
Penalty for selling spiritous liquors to Indians.
sonal belonging to him, such estate is hereby made liable for the support of the widow of such deceased husband, during her widowhood, in case she become impotent, and no person of ability be liable to support her. And all and every person or persons, to whom such estate, or any part thereof, is give nor descends, respectively, shall, so far as the estate so given or descended extends, be held to support such widow, during her widowhood, in proportion to the value of the estate so given or descended, to him or them as aforesaid, respectively: such support and maintenance to be recovered of such heir or legatee, or their heirs, in the same way and manner as the same may be obtained against children for the support of their parents, according to the law in such case made and provided.
TITLE 50. Indians.
An Act for the protection of Indians, and the preservation of their property.
1 B E it enacted by the Senate and House of RepSect. 1, resentatives, in General Assembly convened, That an overseer shall be appointed to each tribe of Indians living within the limits of the state, by the county court, in the county in which such tribe resides, who shall have the care and management of their lands, and shall see that they are husbanded for the best interest of the Indians, and applied to their use and benefit. sect. 2. The overseer of each tribe of Indians shall, annually, state and settle his account of the concerns of
such tribe, with the county court, in the county within
which such tribe resides; and on failure thereof, or for any neglect of duty, such county court may remove him from office, and appoint another in his place; and said court may, at any time, call such overseer to account.
sect. 3. If any person shall purchase, hire, or receive, by gift or mortgage, any land from any Indian or Indians, he shall forfeit treble the value of the land to the treasury of the state, and the bargain and conveyance shall be absolutely void.
sect. 4. If any person shall sell or give any spiritous liquor to any Indian, he shall, for every such offence, pay a fine of two dollars to the use of the town where the offence is committed, for every pint, and in the same proportion for every greater or less quantity: Provided, that this shall not be construed to prevent or restrain any act of charity, for relieving an Indian, in case of sickness. or necessity.
sect. 5. No judgment shall be rendered against an Indian, for any debt, or on any contract, except for rent of land, hired and occupied by such Indian. sect. 6. In a suit brought by any Indian or Indians, for the recovery of land, reserved by Indians for themselves, or sequestered for their use, by the general assembly, or by any town, agreeably to law, the defendant shall not be permitted to avail himself of a possession for fifteen
Indians notliable on contracts.
Possession of land not to make a title against Indians.
years or more, to make out a title. (1)
(1) When our ancestors took possession of the territory now composing this state, it was inji. a great number of tribes of Indians. They never had a war with any tribe but the Pequots, within the state. At a very early period, they were all in some degree of subjection to the English; they were never treated as a conquered nation, or enslaved; but were treated as friends and allies, and were considered as a free people. The great object was, to civilize and christianize them; and the control exercised over them was for their protection and benefit. In the revison of 1672, regulations are found, requiring ministers of the gospel to endeavor to convert the neighboring Indians to christianity, prohibiting powaws, and the profanation of the sabbath, and punishing murders.
revision of 1702, there are some additional regulations to prevent the selling of strong drink to them; to punish them for drunkenness; to protect them in their rights of property; and to prevent any private person from purchasing their lands. Under this mild treatment, without war or pestilence, they have been constantly diminishing, and are now reduced to a very small number, and will probably, in a short time, wholly disappear. So great was their improvidence, that the government, at an early period, were obliged to appoint overseers to each tribe, which practice has been continued to the present time; and all that can now be done for them, is to prevent them from wasting their property, and to see that the lands which have been secured to them, by the government, for
Precautions were taken to guard against injuries committed by the Indians. In the
TITLE 51. Inhabitants.
An Act for the admission and settlement of Inhabitants in Towns.
* E it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep
SECT. 1. resentatives, in General. 1ssembly convened,
their support, are properly managed, and the avails applied to their benefit.
That no foreigner, or person who is not an inhabitant of How foreign.
this state, or any of the United States, who shall come
ers shall gain settlements.
How inhabitants of other states shall gain settlements.
How inhabitants of one town shall gain settlements in another.
have been possessed, in his own right, in fee, of real
, gain a legal settlement in any other town, unless he have
some one of the requisites enumerated in the first sec-
sect. 5. When any inhabitant of any town shall remove into another town, and whilst there, he, she, or any of his or her family, if any there be, shall become chargeable to the town from which he, she or they, respectively, removed, and to which they, respectively, belong; then, the civil authority, or any two of them, in the town to which such pauper or paupers belong, shall have power, on the application of the select-men of such town, if they shall judge proper, by warrant, under their hands, directed to either of the constables of said town, to order said pauper or paupers to be taken and transported from the town where they reside and are chargeable, to the town to which he, she, or they, respectively, belong; and such constable shall take and transport him, her, or them, according to the directions contained in such warrant.
sect. 6. When any inhabitant of any of the United States, (this state excepted,) shall come to reside in any town in this state, the civil authority, or the major part of them, in such town, are hereby authorized, upon the application of the select-men, if they judge proper, by warrant, under their hands. directed to either of the constables of said town, to order said person to be conveyed to the state, from whence he or she came ; and such constable, on receiving said warrant, is hereby authorized to execute the same ; and the expense thereof, being liquidated and allowed, by the select-men of the town to which such constable belongs, shall be paid out of the treasury of such town. And also the expense of con
veying an inhabitant of this state as aforesaid, shall be,
liquidated, allowed and paid, in the same manner; pro-
When paupers belonging to one town become chargeable in another, how to be removed.
Inhabitants of other states, how to be removed.
Expense, how to be paid.
Select-men may warn persons not inhabitants of this state to depart.
Forfeiture, for not departing. Proviso.
Persons sent away, returning, to be whipped.
Inhabitants of the town not to entertain persons not inhabitants of the state.
The bringing of paupers into this state, prohibited.
Petition for relief against creditors.
Superior court to have cogniZance,
select-men. Provided nevertheless, that nothing con-
TITLE 52. Insolvency.
An Act to authorise the Superior Court to grant relief in certain cases of Insolvency.
SECT. 1 B'. it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre
- sentatives, in General Assembly convened, That whenever any person, who is an inhabitant of this state, shall, according to the accustomed form of chancery process, prefer his or her petition against his or her creditors, to the superior court, held in the county whereof he or she is an inhabitant, representing that he or she is insolvent, and praying for relief; such court shall, as a court of chancery, have cognizance of the case, and if, upon a hearing and examination had, it shall appear to