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To inflict penalties.

How recoverable.

Limitation of penalties and Jorfeiturs.

from fire. And the court of common council of each
city, shall have power to designate and assign the limits
to their said cities, within which no person or persons,
shall be permitted in future to erect, use, or occupy any
building or buildings of the kind, or for the use mention.
ed in this act, without licence from the court of common
council; and to make by-laws relative to licensing and
regulating cartmen, or truckmen, butchers, petty grocers,
or hucksters, and common victuallers, under such re-
strictions and limitations, as to them shall appear ne-
cessary; and relative to raising and collecting a revenue,
by duties and indirect taxes, within said cities; relative
to the assize of bread, crackers, and biscuits, and other
manufactories of flour, made and sold within said cities ;
and for securing to the inhabitants of cities, and other per-
sons, the exercise of their rights, in the use of the public
squares, streets and highways within said cities, free from
obstruction and molestation ; for designating the place
or places formilitary parades, in or near said cities; for lay-
ing out and regulating public squares and walks ; for regu-
lating military parades and rendezvous, within the limits
of said cities; and the marching of military companies
with music in the streets of said cities ; for preventing
and punishing trespasses on public buildings; for defining
the powers and duties of the city watch, and carrying
them into effect; and relative to preserving the health
of the inhabitants of said cities; relative to prohibiting
and regulating the bringing in, and conveying out, or
storing of gun-powder in said cities; and to inflict penal-
ties and forfeitures of goods and chattels, for the breach
of such by-laws; which penalties and forfeitures, shall be
to the use of said cities respectively, or to such person
or persons, as the by-laws shall direct, to be recovered
by the treasurers of said cities, for the use of the same,
or by the persons to whom forfeited, in an action on
such by-law, brought to the city court, in said city
where the offence is committed; in which action no ap-
peal shall be allowed: Provided, that no penalty shall ex-
ceed the sum of thirty-four dollars; and no forfeiture of
goods and chattels, shall exceed the value of thirty-four
dollars; and provided, that such penaltics shall not ex-
ceed thirty-four dollars, for a quantity of gun-powder,

not exceeding twenty-five pounds, and for each and

evey further amount of twenty-five pounds, an additional
penalty not exceeding fifteen dollars. And all penalties
not exceeding seven dollars, may be sued for, before the
mayor or aldermen of the city, in which the offence is
committed : and the defendant shall have liberty to ap-
peal, when judgment is rendered against him, to the next,

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eity court, to be holden in and for said city, in the same manner as in other cases : provided, that no by-laws shall be made, repugnant to the laws of the state ; and that all by-laws made by the court of common council, shall be approved by the cities, in legal meeting assembled, and shall be published, at least three weeks successively, in some newspaper in, or nearest the cities where made, before the same shall be of any validity. And all the by-laws of said cities, shall, at any time, within six months after they are made, be liable to be repealed, by the superior court, or supreme court of errors, in the county to which the city belongs, if on hearing, they shall be Judged to be unreasonable or unjust. sect. 21. The mayor, aldermen and common council of each city, shall have power to lay out new highways, streets, and public walks for the use of the cities, or to alter those already laid out, and exchange highways for highways, or to sell highways for the purpose of purchasing other highways, taking the same measures, in all respects, as are directed by law, in case of highways to be laid out by the select-men, for the use of their towns; and the party aggrieved, by the laying out of such streets, or highways, may have the same remedy, by application to the county courts, as is by law provided, in case of highways laid out by select-men. sect. 22. Each city shall have power to appoint inspectors of every kind of produce, of the United States, brought to such city for sale and exportation. sect. 23. All grants and leases of any real estate belonging to either of said cities, signed by the mayor, and sealed with the city seal, and approved by the city, in a legal meeting, and recorded in the town where the lands granted or leased lie, shall be effectual to convey such estate. sect. 24. Whenever the mayor of either of said cities, or any other officer eligible by the freemen, shall resign, or be removed, by death or otherwise, another shall be elected in his place, and (if the appointment be annual) shall continue in office for the same time as the person whom he succeeds would have done, had he not resigned, or been removed. sect. 25. The mayor of each city, or in his absence, the senior alderman present, at any meeting of the city, or any court of common council, shall, ex officio, be moderator thereof. A meeting of the city may be adjourned, from time to time, by a major vote of the freemen present. And a special meeting of each city. may be called in such manner as said cities shall direct: and all questions, in a

By-laws to be published.

May be repealed.

Mayor, &c. to lay out, alter and exchange highways.

Inspectors of produce.

Grants and leases.

Vacancies in office, how supplied.

Mayor &c. to he idoderator of mectings;

which may adjourn.

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city meeting, shall be decided by a majority of the votes
of the freemen present.
sect. 26. The common council of the city of Hartford
may, on the first monday of July, annually, nominate and
appoint thirty persons, living within the limits of said city,
as fire-men, to serve in the two fire-companies, constituted
in said city, by the by-laws thereof, to conduct the two fire-
engines within the same ; and to nominate and appoint
thirty persons to serve in an additional fire-company,
constituted in said city, by the by-laws thereof, to work
the fire-engines within the same, and shall, while actual-
ly serving in said fire-companies, be exempted from mili-
tary duty.
sect. 27. And the common council of the city of New-
Haven may, at their annual meeting, in June, nominate
and appoint two fire-companies, to consist of twenty men
each, living within the limits of said city, to serve in the
two fire-companies constituted in said city, by the by-laws
thereof, to conduct and work the two fire-engines within
the same ; and shall, while actually serving in said com-
panies, be exempted from military duty.
sect. 28. The inhabitants living within the limits of
each city, shall be and remain a part of the town within
which such city is situated.
sect. 29. If this act, or any of the provisions contain-
ed in it, shall be found inconvenient, or in any respect
inadequate, the same may be altered, or revoked, on re-
presentation of either of said cities, by the general assem-
Mly. And this act shall be a public act.

CHAP. II.

An Act to secure the cities of Hartford and NewHaven from damage by fire, by regulating the mode of building.

- E it enacted by the Senate and House of RepSECT. 1. -

B resentatives, in General Assembly convened, That all meeting-houses, and dwelling-houses to be erected within the limits hereinafter described, and all other buildings, having a chimney, fire-place, or stove, to be erected within the same limits, shall have their outer walls composed entirely of brick, or of stone, and mortar; and all additions to be made to any house, or other building, already erected, or hereafter to be erected, within the same limits, shall have their outer walls entirely composed of brick, or stone, and mortar ; provided such addition have in it a chimney, fire-place or stove.

sect. 2. And the aforesaid regulations shall take place, and be established, in all parts of the city of Hartford, comprehended within the limits following, to wit: beginning at the dividing line between Front-street and Schoolstreet; thence running through the middle of the following streets, to wit, westwardly, through School-street and Mill-street, to Maiden-lane; thence northwardly, through Maiden-lane and Trumbull-street, to Main-street; thence south-easterly, through a part of Main-street, and eastwardly, through Morgan-street, to the place where Morgan-street intersects Meadow-lane; thence due east to the bank of Connecticut river; thence southwardly, on the bank of Connecticut river, to the north side of the large store formerly owned by William Ellery; thence westwardly, in a straight line, to the north-west corner of the distillery formerly owned by George Merrill, and lately by Normand Butler; thence southwardly, to the place of beginning.

sect. 3. And the aforesaid regulations shall take place, and be established, in all that part of the city of New-Haven, comprehended within the following limits, to wit: beginning near the house of Gilbert Totten, in the centre of Water-street, where the centre of Meadow-street intersects the said Water-street ; thence up the centre of Meadow-street, to the place where that line intersects the centre of George-street, and comprehending all the land lying within one hundred and fifty feet of the westerly line of said street; thence up George-street, in the centre thereof, to a point one hundred and fifty feet west of the westerly line of Temple-street, and including all the land lying within one hundred and fifty feet of the southwesterly line of said street; thence running easterly, in the line parallel with Temple-street, to a point one hundred and fifty feet south of the southerly line of Crownstreet; thence westerly, in the line parallel with Crownstreet, and one hundred and fifty feet from the southerly side thereof, to a point one hundred and fifty feet west of High-street; thence northerly, in a line parallel with Highstreet, one hundred and fifty feet west of the westerly side thereof, to a point one hundred and fifty feet north of the northerly side of Elm-street; thence easterly, in a line parallel with Elm-street, and one hundred and fifty feet from the northerly side thereof, to a point one hundred and fif. ty feet easterly of State-street; thence southerly, in a line parallel with State-street, and one hundred and fifty feet from the easterly side thereof, to a point one hundred and fifty feet northerly of Court-street; thence easterly, in a line parallel with Court-street, and one hundred and fifty feet from the northerly side thereof, to a point one hundred and fifty feet easterly of Olive-street; and thence

Limits in
Hartford.

Limits in
New-Haven.

Penalty.

Houses to be fourfolded.

Cities may appoint committees.

Common council to regulate sidewalks.

by a line parallel to Olive-street, and one hundred and fifty
feet from the easterly side thereof, to a point one hun-
dred and fifty feet easterly of that part of Water-street
where Olive-street intersects the same ; thence to the
outside of the Pier, or end of Long-wharf; and thence to
the place of beginning; including all the lands within said
lines.
sect. 4. Every person who shall erect, add to, or
cause to be erected or added to, any building, within the
limits aforesaid, contrary to the provisions of this act,
shall forfeit and pay to the treasury of the county in
which the offence is committed, a fine of not less than one
hundred dollars, nor more than one thousand dollars,
according to the nature and aggravation of the offence.
sect. 5. And in addition to the fine aforesaid, all dwel-
ling-houses erected, or added to, contrary to the provis-
ions of this act, within the limits aforesaid, shall annually
be assessed fourfold, in the list of that town and city, in
which they are situated ; and other buildings erected or
added to, contrary to the provisions of this act, shall be
annually set in such lists at the sum of thirty dollars, and
it shall be the duty of the assessors to set the same ac-
cordingly, in the lists of said towns and cities; and all
such houses and buildings shall be forever afterwards rat-
ed accordingly, in all taxes whatever, so long as such
houses or buildings remain. *
SECT. 6. And each of the said cities of Hartford and
New-Haven, in legal meeting assembled, shall have pow-
er, annually, to appoint a committee of not less than three
persons, whose duty it shall be, from time to time, to ex-
amine, and enquire, in the city to which they belong,
whether the mode of building, within the limits aforesaid,
be conformable to this act, and report all breaches there-
of, to the attorney for the state, in the county where the
offence is committed, that the same may be prosecuted.
And this act shall be a public act.

CHAP. III.

An Act regulating Side-Walks, in the cities of
Hartford, New-Haven, and Middletown.

E it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in General Assembly convened, That the courts of common council of the cities of Hartford, New-Haven, and Middletown, shall have power, from time to time, as public convenience may require, to designate and fix the width, course, height, and level of

SECT. 1.

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