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to find excuses for their censure, 340. Imputed none of his mi-
series to himself, 341. Mistook the love, for the practice of
virtue, 342. His actions precipitate and blamable, his writings
tended to the propagation of morality and piety, 342. Exerts
all bis interest to be appointed poet laureat, but is disappointed,
343. Becomes volunteer laureat to the queen, for which the
queen sends him 501. and leave to continue it annually, 344.
Copy of the first volunteer laureat, 344. Accused of influencing
elections against the court, 348. An inforination against him in
the King's Bench, for publishing an obscene pamphlet, 349.
Writes the Progress of a Divine, 350. Satirized in the Weekly
Miscellany, and defended in the Gentleman's Magazine, 352.
The information dismissed by sir Philip Yorke, 353. Purposes
writing the Progress of a Freethinker, 354. His practice to con-
ceal himself from his friends, whilst he spent the queen's pension,
354. Sir R. Walpole promises him the first place vacant, not
exceeding 2001. a year, 355. Extracts from his poem on the
Poet's dependence on a Statesman, 356. Extracts from an
Epistle upon Authours, never published, 357. Dedicates a poem
on Publick Spirit to the prince of Wales, for which he received no
reward, 360. For a great part of the year lived by invitations,
and lodged by accident sometimes in summer on a bulk, and in
winter in a glass-house, 366. Wherever he went could not
conform to the economy of a family, 368. As his affairs grew
desperate, his reputation declined, 369. Proposes to publish his
works by subscription, but not so much encouraged as he either
expected or merited, spent the money he received, and never pub-
lished his poems, 369. His universal acquaintance, 370. By
the death of the queen, loses both his prospect of preferment and
his annuity, 371. Purposes writing a vew tragedy, on the story
of sir John Overbury, 371. Writes a poem on the death of the
queen, on her subsequent birth-day, with extracts from it, 372.
His friends send him into Wales, on a promise of allowing him
501. a year, 375. Forms enchanting prospects of a country life,
376. Takes a lodging in the liberties of the Fleet, and receives
one guinea a week of his friends' subscription, 376. Sets off for
Wales in July 1739, spends all his money before he reaches Bris-
tol, gets a fresh remittance, arrives at Bristol, where he is well
received, and stays for some time, and at last goes to Swansea, the
place of his destination, 381. His annuity greatly diminished,
382. Completes his tragedy, 382. Returns to Bristol, where
301. is subscribed for him, 383. Becomes neglected at Bristol,
384. Arrested at Bristol, and his Letter to a Friend on that occa-
sion, 387. Is very kindly treated by the keeper of the prison,
392. His poem London and Bristol delineated, 393. His Letter
to a friend, who advised him not to publish London and Bristol
delineated, 394. Postpones the publication, 395. Dies in prison,
Aug. 1, 1743, and buried in the churchyard of St. Peter's, Bristol,
398. His person described, 398. His character, 398. Allowed
201. a year by Pope, xi. 161.
Savecharges, Súkey, her complaint, vii. 215. By marriage articles
to have a coach kept, 216. Her husband provides a coach with-
out horses, 218.
Scaliger, his partiality in preferring Virgil to Homer, v. 140.
Scamper, Edward, his history, iii. 162.
Scandal, the ladies' disposition to it, too frequent, iv. 298.
Scatter, Jack, his history, iii. 164.
Schemes, the Idler's privilege of forming them, vii. 3.
Scholar, journal of three days, vii. 267. The life of a, i. 320. His
hopes on entering at the University, i. 19. View of the general
life of, 20.
Schools, the study proper for, ix. 98. Account of the practice of
barring out the master, x. 74.
Schoolmaster, an honest and useful employment, ix. 97.
Science, the ways of, are ways of certainty, ii. 427. The paths
of it narrow and difficult of access, v. 322. The progress of it
obstructed by servile imitation, 370.
Sciences, the encouragement of them by the patronage of the great,
casual and fluctuating, v. 124.
Scotland, much civilized by Cromwell's soldiers, viii. 238. State
of literature from the middle of the sixteenth century, 238. Ci-
vility part of the national character of the Highlanders, 240.
Scotland, Johnson's Journey. See Hebrides.
Scotland, New, considerations on the establishment of a colony there,
Scruple, Sim, his story, vii. 336.
Seasons, the change of them productive of a remarkable variation of
the scenes of pleasure, v. 339.
Scruple-shop, account of that fixed at Oxford by the parliament
party, 1646, xii. 199.
Sebald's Islands. See Falkland's Islands.
Sebastian, King of Portugal, a tragedy, critical observations upon it,
Second sight, inquiry into, viii. 343.
Secrecy, rules concerning the doctrine and practice of it, iv. 87.
Secrets, the importance of keeping them, iv. 81. The general causes
of the violation of fidelity, in reference to secrets, 83. The ag-
gravated treachery of such conduct, 83. 85. The imprudence of
committing this trust to persons, of whose wisdom and faithfulness
we have no just assurance, 86.
Seduction of innocence, a detail of the infamous arts and gradations
by which it is often effected, vi. 179.
Seged, his history, vi. 368.
Self-conceit, the strong dispositions in many to indulge it, v. 31.
How easily promoted, 31. By what artifices men of this quality
delude themselves, 34.
Self-denial, thoughts on, vii. 206.
Self-knowledge, its great importance, iv. 156. vi. 88. A happy pre-
servative against indiscretion and vice, iv. 182. Frequently ob-
structed by partiality and self-love, vi. 89. The deplorable folly
of opposing our own convictions, 91.
Serenus, his history, iii. 176.
Serge, Dick, his history, iii. 166.
Sermon, an annual one at Huntingdon, in commemoration of the
conviction of the witches of Warbois, iji. 84.
Serotinus, his quick rise to conspicuous eminence, vi. 148.
Servants, the importance of a wise regulation of our conduct towards
them, iv. 432. Their praise of their superiours the highest
panegyrick of private virtue, 432. The danger of betraying our
weakness to them, one motive to a regular life, 433. The folly
of giving them orders by hints only, vii. 182.
Settle, Elkanah, his character by Dryden, ix. 321. Remarks on his
play of the Empress of Morocco, 321. Writes a vindication, with
a specimen, 325. Protected by the earl of Rochester, 350. At-
tacks Dryden on his Medal, 355. Made city poet, 355. Spent
his latter days in contriving shows for fairs, &c. and died in an
hospital, 355. Supported himself by standing elegies and epitha-
lamiums, vii. 47.
Shadwell, succeeds Dryden as poet laureat, ix. 362.
Shaftesbury, Lord, account of him by Mr. Gray, xi. 370.
Shakspeare, William, only two editions of his works from 1623 to
1664, ix. 137. His Tempest altered by Dryden and Davenant,
323. His plots in the hundred novels of Cinthio, 330. Dryden's
Troilus and Cressida altered from Shakspeare, 340. An edition
of his plays published by Rowe, 1709, ii. 116. An edition of his
works in six quarto volumes, published by Pope, in 1721, xi. 103.
The deficiencies of this edition detected by Theobald, 103. Me-
rits of Pope's edition, 104. His eminent success in tragi-comedy,
vi. 99. Proposals for printing his dramatick works, 1766, ii. 68.
Difficulties in explaining the original meaning of the authour, 68.
Omissions of former editors pointed out, 74. Preface to the edi-
tion of his works, 1768, 77. The peculiarities by which he gained
and kept the favour of his countrymen, 80. The poet of nature,
80. His drama, the mirror of life, 83. The opinion of various
critics on his plays, 84. Observations on his style, 89. His
faults and defects, 90. His plots generally drawn from novels,
103. Inquiry into his learning, 106. Came to London a needy
adventurer, 110. Careless of future fame, 114. The faults in
the original editions of his plays, 115. Account of the modern
editions of his works, 116. Rowe's, 116. Pope's, 117. Theo-
bald's, 118. Hanmer's, 120. Capel's, 121. Warburton's notes
on, 123. Upton's critical observations on, 124. Gray's notes,
125. The plan on which Johnson proceeded in his edition, 128.
Character of, by Dryden, 138. Remarks on sir Thomas Han-
mer's edition of, iii. 81. General observations on the Tempest,
Two Gentlemen of Verona, 142. Merry Wives of
Windsor, 142. Measure for Measure, 144. Love's Labour Lost,
145. Midsummer Night's Dream, 145. Merchant of Venice,
146. As You Like It, 146. Taming of the Shrew, 147. All's
Well that End's Well, 147. Twelfth Night, 148.
Tale, 148. Macbeth, 148. King John, 149. Richard II.
149. Henry IV. 149. Henry V. 152. Henry VI. 153. Rich-
ard III. 156. Henry VIII. 157. Coriolanus, 158. Julius
Cæsar, 158. Anthony and Cleopatra, 158. Timon of Athens,
159. Titus Andronicus, 160. Troilus and Cressida, 161.
Cymbeline, 162. King Lear, 162. Romeo and Juliet, 166.
Hamlet, 107. Othello, 169. Characterized as a writer of plays,
Shenstone, William, his life, xi. 276. Born at Leasowes, in Hales
Owen, Shropshire, 1714, 276. Entered of Pembroke College,
Oxford, 1732, 277. Pablished a volume of Miscellanies, 1737.
His Judgment of Hercules, 1740. His Schoolmistress, 1742, 277.
Wanders about to acquaint himself with life, 277. Delights in
rural elegance, 278. Died 1763, 280. His character, 280.
Gray's account of him, 281. Account of his works, 282.
Shiels, Robert, the writer of the Lives of the Poets, commonly attri-
buted to Cibber, x. 274. Some account of him, 274.
Shifter, Dick, his history, vii. 283. Disappointed in the pleasures
of a country life, 284.
Sicily, Island of, supplied the Romans with corn, ii. 385.
Sidney, Lady Dorothea, addressed by Mr. Waller under the name of
Sacharissa, ix. 232. The various noble offers which she had, 232.
Marries the earl of Sunderland, 232.
Simile, what it should be, xi. 175.
Similitude, a general and remote one in the dispositions and be-
haviour of mankind, vi. 64.
Sinclair, James, account of his being killed by Savage and his com-
panions, xii. 304.
Singularity, in general displeasing, iii. 282. Instances in which it
is praiseworthy, 283.
Skaiting, two translations of lines under a print of persons skaiting,
Skinner (the Grammarian), account of his writings, ii. 39.
Sky, Islands of, one inn in them, viii. 273. Animal productions in,
273. Their bread and diet, 274. No customs paid there, 275.
Only one house of prayer in the islands, 287. Account of the
cattle in, 308. Account of the horses, 309. Account of the
No rats nor mice, 311. The inhabitants described,
311. The different ranks of men there, 314.
Slanes Castle, account of, viii. 227.
Sleep, considered, vii. 125. Equally a leveller with death, 126.
Alexander perceived himself to be human, only by the necessity of
Sloane, Sir Hans, satirized by Dr. King in the Transactioneer,
Smith, Dr. instance of Wilks's generosity to him, x. 294.
Smith, or Neale, Edmund, his life, by Dr. Oldisworth, x. 1. Son
of a merchant of the name of Neale, by a daughter of baron Lech-
mere, 1. Took the name of Smith from being brought up by
an uncle of that name, 2. Educated at Westminster, under Busby,
and removed to Oxford, 2. His character, 3. Character of his
works, 5. His life by Dr. Johnson, 16. Born at Handley, in
Worcestershire, 16. Educated at Westminster, and took his
Master's degree at Oxford, 1696, 16. Narrowly escapes expulsion
for irregularities in 1700, 18. Expelled 1705, 19. Resides in
London, 19. Account of his works, 20. Dedicates Phædra, a
tragedy, to the marquis of Halifax, who had prepared to reward
him with a place of 3001. a year, which he loses, through not soli-
citing it, 20. Purposes writing a tragedy of lady Jane Grey, re-
i tires into the country for that purpose, where he died in July
1710, 23. The story of his being employed to alter Clarendon's
History false, 24. Copy of his Analysis of Pocockius, 27.
Smollet, Dr. an obelisk raised to his memory near the place of his
birth, viii. 410.
Smuggle, Ned, his story, vii. 370.
Sneaker, Jack, a hearty friend to the present establishment, his
history, vii. 40.
Snug, Dick, his story, vii. 314.
Snug, Timothy, his history, iii. 164.
Sober, Mr. his history, vii. 123.
Sobriety, considered, vii. 358.
Society, inutual benevolence the great end of it, iv. 360.
Softly, Sam, his story, vii. 372.
Soldiers, their contemptible state in time of peace, vii. 81. Their
wish for war not always sincere, 81. On the bravery of the
English, viii. 271. Arises very much from the dissolution of de-
pendence, which obliges every man to regard his own character,
Solid, Jack, his story, vii. 315.
Solitude, a relish for those pleasures an argument of a good disposi-
tion, iv. 29. The disgustful tediousness of it to many, 29. The
peculiar pleasures of it, v. 408. Inquiry into the state of happi-
ness in, iii. 358.
Somervile, Mr. his life, xii. 278. Born at Edston, in Warwickshire,
1692, 278. Educated at Winchester, and fellow of New College,
278. Died July 19, 1742, and an account of his death by Shen-
stone, 279. Account of his works, 280.
Sophron, his letter on frugality, iv. 364. His history, vii. 228.
Sorrow, the indulgence of it incapacitates to enjoy the pleasures of
contemplation, iv. 30. The experience of it a preservative against
the vanities of the world, 38. Cautions against it, 303. In-
structions for preventing it, 306.
Soul, Dr. Boerhaave's opinion of, xii. 33.
Sounds, their origin described, ix. 27. Account of a cavern reported
to be remarkable for reverberation of, viii. 299.
South Sea, little advantage to be expected from commerce there,
Southern, the first who had two nights of a new play, ix. 347.
Spain, its naval power almost put an end to, by the destruction of
the Armada, ii. 295.
Spectator, notes respecting the writers, &c. in that publication, x,
83. The first English publication that taught minuter decencies
and inferiour duties, 84. Advantages of such publications, 85.
Designed to divert the attention of the people from publick dis-
content, 86. Observations on the character of sir Roger de Co-