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and Panther published by Dryden in defence of popery, 360.
Egg and Canna the only islands of the Hebrides where that
religion is retained, viii. 368.
Population, the flight of every man a loss to the community, and

rogues ought rather to be made useful to the society they have
injured, than be driven from it, x. 258. Decayed religious houses,

or want of them, no evidence of a decreasing, viii. 288.
Portia, (daughter of Cato) characterized, ii. 321.
Portland, earl of, taken up for being concerned in Waller's Plot,

ix. 246. Receives a letter from Waller, advising him to confess,
which he rejects, and applies to the Lords for redress, 247. After
being examined several times by the Lords, is admitted to bail,

Posidippus, his account of human life, iii. 235.
Posthumous Works, thoughts on the publication of, vii. 260.
Poverty, the impropriety of reflecting on persons for it, x. 335. The

afflictive scenes of it described, iv. 338. The fears of it strongly
excite to activity and diligence, 339. The folly of those whose
negligence and profusion involve them in the miseries of it, 339.
In what cases they are objects of pity, 340. The disappointments
attending it, 176. Why its circumstances are so often regarded
with contempt, vi. 184. When only to be dreaded, 362. Ought
not to be looked on as hereditary, viii. 35. What it is, and the
necessity of it, considered, 40.
Power, the effect of necessity, v. 373.
Praise of servants, the highest panegyrick of private virtue, iv. 432.

The practice of giving unmerited, censured, v. 355.
cellency of that which is duly deserved, 412. The integrity
and judgment with which it ought to be dispensed, 412. The
love of it engages in a variety of means for attaining it, vi. 142.
The general passion for it shown, vi. 306. To an old man an

empty sound, iii. 424.
Prayer and labour should co-operate, ix. 34.
Prayers by Dr. Johnson, Sept. 18, 1738, xii. 441. April 24, 1752,

443. May 6, 1752, March 28, 1754, 444. Jan. 23, 1759,
445. March 25, 1759, 446. Jan. 1, 1770, Jan. 1, 1777, 447.
Sept. 18, 1779, 448. June 22, 1781, Oct. 6, 1782, 449.

Dec. 5, 1784, 450.
Precedent, implicit submission to it unreasonable, v. 405.
Preceptor (a plan of education), preface to the, ii. 235.
Precipitation, often fatal to great designs, iv. 278.
Preferment-hunters, characterized, i. 17.
Presbyterians and independents, account of the disputes between

them at Oxford, on the authority of ministers, xii. 188.
Prescience, advantages of, iii. 285.
Prester John, great pains taken by the Portuguese for the discovery

of his country, ii. 228.
Presumption, more easily corrected than pusillanimity, iv. 164.
Pride, frequently the effect of hereditary wealth, x. 334. Generally

the source of anger, iv. 68. Characterized, vii. 121.
petition with idleness, 121.

The ex-


Its com-

Prints, observations on the collectors of, vii. 226.
Printing, Mr. Savage's peculiar attention to correctness in, iii. 286.

By subscription, first tried by Dryden's Virgil, xi. 76.
Prior, Matthew, his life, x. 157. Of obscure original, by some

supposed to have been born at Winburne, Dorsetshire; by others
to have been the son of a joiner, in London, 157. Educated
for some time at Westminster, 158. Received his academical
education at Cambridge, at the expense of the earl of Dorset,
158. Took his Bachelor's degree in 1686, and his Master's,
by mandate, in 1700, 158. Wrote the City Mouse and Coun-
try Mouse, 1688, 159. Secretary to the embassy to the con-
gress at the Hague, 159. Gentleman of the bedchamber to king
William, 160. Wrote a long Ode on the Death of Queen Mary,
160. Secretary to the treaty of Ryswick, in 1697, 160.· Secre-
tary at the court of France, in 1698, 160. Under-secretary of
state, 161.

Wrote the Carmen Seculare, in 1700, 161. Mem.
ber of Parliament for East Grinstead, 1701, 162. Went to Paris
with propositions of peace, in 1711, 164. Recalled from Paris,
Aug. 1715, 166. On his return taken up and examined before the
privy-council, 167. Remained in confinement for two years, when
he was excepted in an Act of Grace, but soon after discharged, 168.
Died at Wimpole, Sept. 18, 1721, and buried at Westminster, 170.
Left 5001. for a monument, 170. Copy of his epitaph, 170. His
character, 172. Character of his writings, 175.

Described in
the Assembly of Bards, xi. 173.
Private vices public benefits, how far they may sometimes prove so,

viji. 51.
Procrastination, the danger of, ix. 34.
Prodigality, destitute of true pleasure, and the source of real and

lasting misery, iv. 341, 342.
Projects, the folly of, exposed, iii. 150. The folly of, in general,

187. Projectors characterized, 220. The folly and wickedness
of those who only project the destruction and misery of mankind,
220. For the good of mankind, in searching out new powers
of nature, and contriving new works of art, ought to be encou-

raged, 223.
Prologue, at the opening of Drury-lane Theatre, 1747, xi. 28. To

the Mask of Comus, 131. To the Good-natured Man, 132. To

the Word to the Wise, 134.
Pronunciation, difficulties in settling it, ii. 10.
Properantia, her letter on the alteration of the style, v. 228.
Prosapius, his character, iv. 122.
Prosperity, often productive of various infelicities, vi. 61. 348. Ob-

structs the knowledge of ourselves, vi. 62. The danger of, iii.

Prospero, his character, vi. 347.
Prostitutes, reflections on their infamous and deplorable condition, v.

230, vi. 186. In what respects objects of compassion, v. 232.
Proverbs, ch. vi. ver. 7-11, paraphrased, i. 157.
Prudence, wherein its province lies, v. 264. Characterized, vii. 228.

Exemplified in the character of Sophron, 228

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Prudentius, the motives on which he contracted marriage, iv. 118.
Prune, Mrs. her treatment of Leviculus, vi. 247.
Prussia, King of (the former), characterized, xii. 220. Account of

his Tall Regiment, 221. His disagreement with his son, 222.

Obliges his son to marry against his will, 224. Died 1740, 225.
Prussia, King of (Charles Frederick), his life, xii. 220. Born Jan.

24, 1711-12, 220. Remarkable for his disagreement with his
father, 222. Designed to fly his country, but discovered by his
father, himself arrested, and his confident executed, 223. Obliged
by his father to marry, but does not consummate during his
father's life, 224. Applies himself to study and liberal amuse-
ments, 225. Succeeds to the crown, 1740, 228. Receives
his wife as queen, 228. Releases the boys marked for military
service, 229. Continues bis correspondence with learned men,
229. Governs with very little ministerial assistance, and banishes
the prime minister and favourite of his father, 229.

Grants a
toleration of religion and free-masonry, 229. Institutes the Or-
der of Merit, 230. Charitable, if not liberal, 231. Advancement
of learning one of his first cares, 231. Revives his claim to Herstal
and Hermal, 232. On the death of the emperor of Germany,
claims Silesia, 233. His proceedings in the war for Silesia, 233.
Makes peace with the queen of Hungary, on surrendering to him
the half of Silesia, 237. Observations on his reasons for en-
acting and repealing laws, 238. Account of the Code Fre-
derique, 239. Epitome of his plan for the reformation of courts,
240. Proceedings of his army, 1742, against the Austrians, 244.
Is deserted by the French, 248. Makes peace

with the

who surrenders the reinaining part of Silesia, 250. Reforms his
laws, and concludes a defensive alliance with England, 251. Raises
an army under pretence of fixing the emperour in possession
of Bohemia, 256. His declaration of reasons for going to war, 256.
The queen of Hungary's answer to the declaration, 260. Enters
Bohemia with 104,000 men, Aug. 1744, 261. Besieges and takes
Prague, Sept. 1744, 263. Quits Prague, and retires with his
army into Silesia, 266. After several engagements, enters Dres-
den as a conqueror, 270.
Psalmanazar, George, account of him, xi. 206.
Publick spirit, the duty of, in times of danger, vii. 29.
Punch, the mixture used in making it, requisite to conversation, vii.

135. The ingredients of both compared, 136.
Punishments, capital, the severity and frequency of them in some cases

disapproved, v. 272. 275. Instead of hindering the commission

of the crime, they often prevent the detection of it, 276.
Puritans, their tenets ridiculed, ix. 197.
Puzzle, Will, his story, vii. 369.
Pyramids, a visit to, iii. 385.
Pyramus and Thisbe, written by Cowley, when only ten years of

age, ix. 3.

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QUEBEC, considerations on the establishment of popery in that

province, viii. 146.
Quibble, the ill use made of it by Shakspeare, vii. 256.
Quick, Molly, her complaint against her mistress for only hinting at

what she wants, vii. 182.
Quick, Ned, ready at finding objections, vii. 348.
Quin, Mr. his friendship for Thomson, xi. 230.
Quincunx figures, their excellence, xii. 284.
Quisquilius, his extravagancies in indulging an injudicious curiosity,
Quixote, Don, the idea of Hudibras taken from it, ix. 190. The

characters compared, 190. Recommended by Dr. Sydenham to
young physicians, xii. 182.

V. 68.


RAASAY, island of, described, viji, 278.
Rake, the life of one, iii. 137. 144.
Raleigh, Sir Walter, the defects of his History of the World, v.

Rambler, his reflections upon a review of his essays, vi. 392. Prayer

on the, xii. 442.
Ranger, Tim, his history, vii. 248.

Tries dress, the company of
rakes, keeping of race-horses, and building, but finds no hap-
piness in any of them, 250. Becomes a fine gentleman, and a
collector of shells, fossils, &c. hires a French cook, but in all

disappointed, 257.
Rape of the Lock, story on which it was founded, xi. 69.
Rarities, the choice and study of them should be subservient to

virtue and the publick good, v. 71. 73.
Raschid, his character a striking example of the fatal effects of insa-

tiable avarice, iv. 249.
Rasselas, Prince of Abissinia, the history of, iii. 299. All the princes

and princesses confined in the happy valley, 300. Account of
the palace in the valley, 300. His discontent in the happy valley,
302. His amusement in picturing the distresses of life, 309.
Meditates his escape, 312. His hope of escaping by flying, 313.
His desire to attain knowledge from Imlac, 319. His resolution
to render every person about him happy, 334. The unhappiness
of the inhabitants of the happy valley, 337. Discovers the means
of escape, 339. His sister Nekayah joins with him and Imlac in
leaving the happy valley, 342. Their travels, 345. Their abode
at Cairo, 346. Complains of being more unhappy than those
about him, 348. Associates with young men of spirit and gaiety,
but soon leaves them, 349. Finds a wise and happy man, 351.
Takes a glimpse of pastoral life, 354. Visits a person in the

greatest prosperity, 356. Visits a hermit, 358. Examines the
happiness of high stations, 365. Visits the pyramids, 385. Visits

the catacombs, 435.
Rats, none in the islands of Sky, viii. 311.
Reading man, characterized, iii. 197.
Ready man characterized, iii. 197.
Reason, the uncertain continuance of, iii. 419. The importance of

its keeping a constant guard over the imagination, iv. 49.
Rectitude delineated, vii. 142.
Regimen, rather to be decreased than increased as men advance in

years, xii, 165,
Register, universal, of a new kind, to what useful purposes it may be

applied, v. 215.
Regret, sometimes both necessary and useful, vii. 290.
Reid, Andrew, employed by lord Lyttelton in the punctuation of his

Life of Henry II. xi. 385.
Rehearsal, the character of Bayes designed for Dryden, ix. 349.

Written by Buckingham, assisted by Butler, Martin Clifford, and
Dr. Sprat, 349. First acted in 1671, 349. The dialogue between

Love and Honour designed for the duke of Ormond, 350.
Relaxation, the necessity and usefulness of it with regard to study,

v. 109.
Religion, observations on the change of, in Scotland, viii. 212. A

toleration granted in Prussia, xii. 229. The pleasure and advan-
tages of, iv. 282. Its origin and excellency, 284. The source
of the noblest and most refined pleasures, 286. The common
objections to a life of religion, groundless and unreasonable, 287.
The use of austerities and mortifications, v. 251. The danger of
women when they lay it aside, iii. 179. Consolations to be found

in, i. 26.
Remission of sins, the first and fundamental truth of religion, v.

Repentance, the absurdity of delaying it, v. 5. The doctrine of it

embarrassed by superstitious and groundless imaginations, 249.
Unjustly confounded with penance, 249. Wherein true repentance
consists, 249. The completion and sum of it a real change of tem-

per and life, 251.
Reputation, industry and caution necessary to support it, v. 372

Tainted, the greatest calamity, vi. 102.
Resentment, the effects of, more certain than gratitude, x. 336.
Resolution and firmness of mind, necessary to the cultivation and in-

crease of virtue, iv. 361.
Resolutions, the fallacious estimate generally made, vii. 106. Custom

commonly too strong for, 107.
Restless, Tom, short history of, vii. 193.
Retirement, the disadvantages of it when indulged to excess by men

of genius and letters, iv. 93. Rural, the motives of some persons

to desire it, v. 410.
Retrospection on our conduct, the importance and usefulness of it,

iv. 50.

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