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Philips, John, his life, ix. 294. Born at Bampton, Oxfordshire,

Dec. 30, 1676, 294. Son of Dr. Stephen Philips, archdeacon of
Salop, 294. Educated at Winchester, where he distinguished
himself by the superiority of his exercises, 294. Became ac-
quainted with the poets very early, 295. Entered at Oxford,
1694, 295. Intended for the study of physick, and studied par-
ticularly Natural History, 295. Wrote his Splendid Shilling,
1703, 295. Blenheim, 1705. Cider, 1706. Began his Last
Day, 296. Died Feb. 15, 1708, and buried in Hereford Cathe-
dral, 296. His epitaph at Hereford, 297. A monument erected
to his memory in Westminster Abbey, by Sir Simon Harcourt,
with the inscription by Dr. Atterbury, 297. His character, 298.
Character of his works, 299. A copyer of the style of Milton,
299. Account of him by Edmund Smith, 302. Account of his
family and brothers, 304. Character of his works, 305. Note

on Smith's account of him, 310.
Philips, John and Edward (nepliews of Milton), some account of

them, ii. 85.
Philips, Mrs. her opinion of some of the writings of lord Roscom-

mon, ix. 221. Her Pompey brought on the Irish stage, 221.
Philomides, his reflections on the excellence and utility of good hu-

mour, v. 7.
Philotryphus, his character, iv. 255.
Physick, mathematicks recommended in the science of physick, by

Boerhaave, xii. 26.
Physicians, a pleasing character of, x. 55. Proceedings on a plan

for attending the poor gratis, 55. In a great city the mere play-
thing of fortune, xi. 358. Have the second claim of benefit to

mankind, xii. 22.
Picus Mirandula, his epitaph, ii. 273.
Pilgrimages, inquired into, iii. 332.
Pindar, observations on the poetry of, ix. 51. His odes discovered

to be regular by Congreve, x. 201. West's translation charac-

terized, xi. 261.
Piozzi, Mrs. select letters of Dr. Johnson from the collection of, xii.

Pitt, Christopher, his life, xi. 217. Son of a physician at Bland-

ford, born 1699, 217. Entered a scholar at Winchester College,
1714, removed to New College, 1719, 217. Translates Lucan
before he was twenty years of age, 217. Presented to the rec-
tory of Pinpern, Dorsetshire, 218. Translates Vida's Art of
Poetry, 218. Translates the Æneid, 218. Died 1748, and his

epitaph, 220.
Plagiarism, not to be charged upon authours merely for similarity of

sentiment, iii. 214. A charge often unjustly urged to the preju-
dice of some authours, vi. 14. Some instances of the truth of this

remark with regard to some of the classic writers, 14.
Plantations, considerations on, viii. 364.
Plays, acted in the universities before kings and queens, il. 89.
Player, requisites to form a good one, ix. 224.
Pleasing others, the art of it a pleasing acquisition, v. 209. Its ex-

cellency should engage us to cultivate it in proportion to its use-

fulness, 210.
Pleasure, the mind corrupted and debased by the pursuit of immo-

ral, iv. 286. The gratification of sensual, volatile, v. 42. The
fatal rock in the ocean of life, 42. The variation of, with the
seasons, 339. Of contemplation and virtue preferable to that of
the senses, 343. The essence of, consists in choice, 406. Sen-
sitive and animal, derive their agreeableness from novelty, 409.
The danger of pursuing the allurements to, unlawful, vi. 283.
Defined, vii. 232. Inquiry into the distinction between it and
pain, x. 200.

On the pleasure arising from pity, 204. The
pleasure in seeing a tragedy represented, 204. The pleasure

arising from the imitative arts considered, 206.
Pleasures of mankind, generally counterfeit, vii. 68. Seldom such as

they appear to others, 68. Of ladies at a musical performance, 68.
Pleasures of the town, remarks on, iv. 296.
Plenty, Peter, his complaint of his wife's buying bargains, vii. 138.
Plutarch, sentiment of, upon Aristophanes and Menander, iii. 23.
Poemata. Messia, i. 168. Jan. 20, 21, 1773, 172. Dec. 25, 1779,

172. In Lecto, die Passionis, Apr. 13, 1781, 173. In Lecto,
Dec. 25, 1782, 173. Nocte inter 16 et 17 Junii, 1783, 173.
Cal. Jan. in lecto, ante lucem, 1784, 174. Jan. 18, 1784, 174.
Feb. 27, 1784, 175. Christianus perfectus, 175. Jejunium et
cibus, 177. In rivum a mola Sloana Lichfeldiæ diffluentem, 178.
Twoi Esautóv, 178. Ad Th. Laurence, M. D. cum filium peregre
agentem desiderio nimis tristi prosequeretur, 180. In Theatro,
March 8, 1771, 181. Insula Kennethi inter Hebridas, 182.
Skia, 183. Ode de Skia insula, 183. Spes, 184. Versus, col-
lari capræ

domini Banks inscribendi, 185. Ad fæminam quan-
dam generosam quæ libertatis causæ in Sermone patrocinata fue-
rat, 185. Jactura temporis, 185. Els Bipxlov, 186. Eis TÔ
*Ελισσης περί των ονείρων"Αινιγμα, 186. In Elize enigma, 187. La-
tin versions of four collects in the Liturgy, 187. Dec. 5, 1784,
188. Psalmus cxvii. 188. Latin version of “ Busy, curious, thirsty
Fly,” 189. Latin version of three sentences on the monument of
John of Doncaster, 189. Translation of a song in Walton's Com-
plete Angler, 190. Version of Pope's Verses on his own Grotto,
191. Græcorum epigrammatum versiones metricæ, 192. Pom-
peii epigrammata, 206. Epicteti epigramma, 211. E Theocrito,
211. È Euripidis Medea, 211. Septem Ætates, 212. Geo-

graphia metrica Templemanni Latine reddita, 213.
Poet, advertisement to the edition of the Lives of the Poets, of

1783, ix. 3. Metaphysical, what, 19. Critical remarks on this
kind of writing, 24. Dryden's opinion on the question, Whether
a poet can judge well of his own productions? 322. Do not
make the best parents, exemplified in Dr. Young, xi. 322. An-
cients exceptionable teachers of morality, iv. 188. The for-
bearance due to young ones, vii. 98. The general knowledge

necessary for, iii. 328.
Poetry, observations on occasional compositions, ix. 398. A simile

described, x. 116. On the neglect of poetical justice, 121. Si-

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miles in poetry considered, xi. 175. That sound should seem
the echo of the sense, considered, 176. Harmony the end of its
measure, v. 117. The parallel of, with painting, vii. 134. The
easy, characterized, 308. Observations on affectation in, 309.
A dissertation on, iii. 327. Early writers in possession of na-
ture, their followers of art, iii. 327. To Miss *****, on her gi-
ving the authour a gold and silk net-work purse, of her own wea-
ving, i. 141. To Miss *****, on her playing upon the harpsi-
chord, in a room hung with flower-pieces of her own painting,
142. To a friend, 145. Written at the request of a gentle-
man, to whom a lady had given a sprig of myrtle, 148. Lines
in ridicule of certain poems published in 1777, 160. Imitation

of the style of ****, 162.
Poetry. Poetical devotion cannot often please, ix. 274. Charac-

terized, 275.
Poetry, Pastoral, generally the first productions of a poet, xi. 170.

The peculiar beauties of it, iv. 232. The difficulty of succeed-
ing in it, 235. 237. Mere nature to be principally regarded,

238. Wherein the perfection of it consists, 243.
Poetry, Epick, what it is, ix. 160. Critical remarks on, vi. 110.
Poetry, Lyrick, its origin and manner, vi. 109.
Policy, too frequently supported by the arts of intrigue and fraud,

v. 50.
Politeness, rules for estimating its advantages, v. 174. Its amiable

influence on the manners, 174.
Politian, his poetical compositions censured for his vanity and self-

esteem, v. 358.
Polyphylus, his character, iv. 124.
Pomfret, John, his life, ix. 285. Son of the Rev. Mr. Pomfret,

rector of Luton, 285. Educated at Cambridge, 285. Rector
of Malden, Bedfordshire, 285. Obstructed in institution to a
valuable living, from a passage in bis Choice, 285. Dies of the

small-pox, in 1703, aged 36, 286. Character of his poems, 286.
Pompeius, epigrammata, i. 206.
Pontanus, the instructive inscription on his tomb, iv. 187.
Pope, Alexander, his account of N. Rowe, x. 69. With Arbuth-

not supposed to have assisted Gay in writing Three Hours after
Marriage, 239. His account of the origin and success of the
Beggar's Opera, 242. A conversation with Addison on Tickell's
translation of. Homer, xi. 98. Fenton and Broome assist him
in the translation of the Odyssey, xi. 104. His life, 54. Born
in London, May 22, 1688, 54. His father grew rich by the
trade of a linen-draper, 54. Both his parents papists, 54. Of a
tender and delicate constitution, and of a gentle and sweet dis-
position, 55. From his pleasing voice called the little nightin-
gale, 55. Received his first education under a Romish priest in
Hampshire, from whence he was removed first to Twyford, near
Winchester, and again to a school near Hyde Park-Corner, 56.
Is said to have lisped in numbers, 56. His father left off busi-
ness with 20,0001. but living on the principal, greatly reduced
it before bis death, 56. At twelve years of age, forms a plan

for his own education, 57. His primary and principal purpose
was to be a poet, 57. His first performance, the Ode to Soli-
tude, at twelve years of age, 58. Made a version of the first
book of the Thebais, at fourteen, 58. At fifteen years of age
studies French and Italian, 59. Destroyed many of his puerile
productions, 59. At sixteen introduced to Sir W. Trumbal,
which ended in friendship, 60. His life, as an authour, to be
computed from this time, when he wrote his Pastorals, 60.
Verses written by Wycherly in his praise, 61. His Letters to
Mr. Cromwell, published in a volume of Miscellanies, by Curll,
61. Early encouraged by Mr. Walsh, 62. Frequents the com-
pany of wits, at Will's coffee-house, 62. His Pastorals first
published in Tonson's Miscellany, in 1709, 63. His Essay on
Criticism written 1709, and severely attacked by Dennis, 63.
His Essay translated into French, by Hamilton, Rowbotham, and
Resnel, and commented on by Warburton, 67. His Messiah
first published in the Spectator, 68. His version on the unfortu-
nate Lady badly employed, 68. Story on which the Rape of
the Lock was founded, 69. The great merit of that poem, 70.
That poem attacked by Dennis, as also the Temple of Fame, 72.
Writes the Epistle from Eloisa to Abelard, 72. Windsor Forest,
1713, 73. Writes a Narrative of the frenzy of John Dennis, 73.
Account of the ironical comparison between the Pastorals of Phi-
lips and Pope, published in the Guardian, 74. Studies the art of
painting under Jervas, 74. Supposed to have painted a picture of
Betterton, 74. Proposes a translation of the Iliad, by subscription,
in six quarto volumes, at six guineas, 75. Sells the copy to B. Lin-
tot, 77. Is greatly terrified at the undertaking, 78. Is objected to
by some for being too much a Tory, and by others for want of a
sufficient knowledge of the Greek language, 79. Greatly assist-
ed by former translators, 79. History of the notes to the Iliad,

The life of Homer, written by Parnell, 81. The Iliad
took him five years in translating, 82. 654 copies of the Iliad
subscribed for, and he gained 53201. 4s. by this work, 82.
Sinks a considerable part of his money for annuities, 83. Ex-
tracts from the first translation and the printed compared, 84.
Story of his reading the translation of the Iliad to Lord Halifax,
92. Addison and he become rivals, 95. Contest between
Pope's and Tickell’s translations of the Iliad, 98. His own account
of the jealousy of Addison, 99. Purchases his house at Twick-
enham, 1715, 100. Forms his grotto at Twickenham, 101.
Publishes a quarto edition of his works in 1717, 101. Loses his
father in 1717, 102. The publication of the Iliad completed in
1720, 102. His publications censured by Burnet, Ducket, and
Dennis, 102. Purposes to become rich by the South-Sea bubble,
and luckily escapes without much loss, 102. In 1721, he
published the poems of Dr. Parnell, and an edition of the works
of Shakspeare, 102. Deficiencies of his edition of Shakspeare
exposed by Theobald, 103. Merits of this edition of Shak-
speare, 104. Publishes proposals for a translation of the Odys-
sey, in five volumes, 51. 55. 104. Assisted in the translation by


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Fenton and Broom, 104. Examined before the Lords on the
trial of Bp. Atterbury, 104. Atterbury presents a Bible to Pope
at their last interview, 105. Translated only twelve books of
the Odyssey, 105. Pope's translation in the British Museum,

819 copies subscribed for, and completed in 1725, 105.
A criticism on the Odyssey, published by Spence, 106. Esta-
blishes a friendship with Spence, 106. 'Is visited by Voltaire,
107. Joins with Swift in publishing three volumes of Miscella-
nies, 107. Dunciad published in 1728, 108. History of the
Dunciad, 109. Mr. Pope executed in effigy by the Dunces, 111.
Publishes a poem on Taste, 1731, 113. Loses his mother at
the age of 93, 115. Calls Curll before the House of Lords for
publishing some letters of noblemen to him, 116. Curll's account
of his obtaining the letters, 117. Publishes a volume of Letters,
1737, 118. Publishes the First Part of the Essay on Man, 1733,
121. History of the Essay on Man, 122. The Essay attacked
by Mr. Crousaz, as immoral, and defended by Warburton, 123.
His Letter to Warburton, 126. Supposed to have been made
a tool of by Bolingbroke, to spread his opinions, 126. En-
deavours to get his Essay on Man translated into Latin, 127.
Lives among the great, 128. A report prevailed of queen Caro-
line paying him a visit, which did not take place, 128. Writes an
Epistle on the Use of Riches, 1733, 128. Publishes the Man of
Ross, 129. Publishes his Characters of Men, 1734, 130. Pub-
·lishes his Characters of Women, 131. Duchess of Marlborough
celebrated in that puein, under the character of Atossa, 132.
Published Imitations of several Poems of Horace, 132. Such
imitations first practised by Oldham and Rochester, 132. Pub-
lishes some of Dr. Donne's Satires, 133. At open war with lord
Hervey, 134. Publishes his last Satires, 134. Never wrote on
politicks, 135. First volume of the Memoirs of Scriblerus pub-
lished by him, in conjunction with Swift and Arbuthnot, 136.
Published two volumes of Latin poems, written by Italians, 137.
Planned a poem, subsequent to his Essay on Man, but never
completed it, 137. Published another book of the Dunciad, 138.
Is at variance with Cibber, 139. Celebrates both Cibber and
Osborne in the Dunciad, 141. Account of his latter end, 144.
Died May 30, 1744, and buried at Twickenham, 145. А
monument erected to his memory, by the bishop of Gloucester,
145. Offended lord Bolingbroke by having printed 1500 of
the Patriot King more than lord Bolingbroke knew of, and not
discovered until the death of Pope, 145. Account of a difference
between Pope and Mr. Allen, 147. Account of Pope's picture
of Betterton, 148. His person described, 149. His dress, 149.
His method of living and conversation, 150. The frugality of
his domestick character, 153. Proud of his money, and the
greatest fault of his friends, poverty, 154.

Fond of enumerating
the great men of his acquaintance, 154. His social virtues, 155.
His Letters appear premeditated and artificial, 157. Many of
the topicks of his Letters contrary to truth, 157. Viz. contenipt




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