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Cave, Edward, his life, xii. 210. Born in Warwicksaire, 1691,

210. Educated at Rugby school, 210. At first encouraged by
his master, but afterwards, being charged with stealing a cock,
loses all his master's favour, 211. Lives with a collector of ex-
cise, 212. Comes to London, and lives some time with a timber-
merchant, 212. Apprenticed to Collins a printer, 212. After
two years sent to conduct a printing-house, and manage a weekly
paper, at Norwich, 213. Writes in Mist's Journal, 213. Gets
a small place in the post-office, 213. Engaged in several small
publications, 213. Loses his place in the post-office, 214. Pur-
chases a small printing-office, and begins the Gentleman's Maga-
zine, 214. Spent much money in projects, 215. Died 1754,
216. Inscription at Rugby, written by Dr. Hawkesworth, to the
memory of Cave's father, himself, and brother, 217. His cha-

racter, 218.
Caves, some remarkable ones in the isles of Sky, described, 296.

Account of a remarkable one in the island of Inch Kenneth, viii.

Caution, the connection of it with hope, v. 306.
Cebes, picture of human life translated from the Greek of, ii. 416.
Cecilia, St. Pope's Ode on St. Cecilia's Day, xi. 173.
Celibacy, no pleasures in a state of, ii. 376.
Cellini, Benvenuto, account of a book called his life, ii. 194. After

lying a century and an half in MS. published at Naples, in

1730, 194. His extraordinary character, 195.
Censure, our fondness for it derived from an imagined superiority,

iv. 8. On what occasions it becomes equitable and laudable, 319.
Chairman, his complaint on charging the fat people no more than

thin ones, vii. 112.
Character, not to be drawn from a person's own letters, xi. 156.
Characters, the general inclination to copy_those of other persons

considered, vi. 145. The variety of, in England, exemplified by
the company in a stage-coach, iii. 191. The folly of assuming,

Chariessa, her reflections upon the fashionable follies of modish life,

v. 183. 188.
Charity, the discharge of its duties should be regulated and adjusted

by the rules of justice, v. 62. Introduced by revelation, vii. 13.
No account of it in ancient times transmitted to us, 13. Roman do-
natives rather popular than virtuous, 13. Of Mahometans trans-
planted from Christianity, 14. Of the present age commended,
14. Danger of its abating, 15. Danger from the competitions
between different hospitals, 16. If no want, no charity, 359.
Charity schools, the false notion of the mischief of them, vii. 100.
Charles I. tries the Sortes Virgiliana. Charged with inserting a

prayer in the Icon Basilike, taken from Sidney's Arcadia, which
is, however, supposed to have been interpolated by Milton, ix.

Charles II. employs Salmasius to write in defence of Charles I. and

Monarchy, ix. 108. Passes an act of oblivion to all except the
regicides, 122.



Charles XII. of Sweden, the vanity of a warrior exemplified in him,

i. 21.
Charters, their extent and authority, viii. 169.
Chartophylax, his character, vi. 218.
Charybdis, her disposition to profuse expenses, v. 282.
Chaucer, Geoffry, January and May, and the prologue to the Wife

of Bath, put into modern English, by Pope, xi. 58.
Cheerful man characterized, ix. 155.
Cheynel, Francis, his life, xii. 190. Born at Oxford, 1608, 190.

Entered at that university, 1623, 190. Fellow of Merton Col-
lege, 191. Takes orders in the church of England, 191. Re-
fused his degree of B. D. for disputing concerning Predestination,
191. Account of the disputes at Merton College, 193. Pre-
sented to a valuable living near Banbury, 193. Has a dispute
with Archbishop Land, 193. Declares himself a Presbyterian,
and a friend of the parliament, 194. His house plundered, and
living forfeited, 194. Retires into Sussex, 195. His behaviour
to Chillingworth when a prisoner to the parliament's troops, 196.
In the army of Essex, shows himself equally brave as learned,
197. Is presented by parliament to the living of Petworth, 198.
Sent by the parliament, with six others, to reform the University,
198. Fixes a Scruple-shop at Oxford, 199. His disputes with
Earbury and the Independents, 199. His controversy with Mr.
Hammond, on his Practical Catechism, 203. His further pro-
ceedings at Oxford, 204. President of St. John's College and
Lady Margaret Professor, 206. Writes in defence of the Trinity
against the Socinians, 207. Retires from Oxford to his living
at Petworth, 208. Loses Petworth at the Restoration, 209.
Supposed to have died distracted, 1665, 209.
Chillingworth, Dr. for a short time embraced Popery, ix. 356.

count of his sickness and death, in the hands of the parliament's
troops, xii. 197.
Chinese, account of a man of that country at the island of Ternate,

xii. 141.
Choice of life, astronomer's opinion of, iii. 429.
Christianus perfectus, i. 175.
Chrysalus, the fatal effects of his peevishness, v. 261.
Cibber, Mr. the lives of the poets not written by him, but by one

Robert Shiels, x. 274. Appointed Poet Laureat, 344. Takes
umbrage at the Volunteer Laureat, 346. Celebrated by Pope
in his last book of the Dunciad, xi. 139. He resents the affront
in a pamphlet, 139.
Cicero, his reflections upon the vanity of transitory applause, v. 300.

His remarks upon the importance of being acquainted with past
transactions, vi. 85.
Clarendon, Lord, the story of Smith being employed to alter his

history, false, x. 23. His character of Waller, with observations
on it, xi. 260. His character of admiral Blake, xii. 59. The
peculiar excellency of his History of the Rebellion, v. 330.
Thoughts on the publication of the sequel to his History, vii. 259.
Doubts of the unfaithful publication of his History, 261.

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Cleobulus, his maxim on the excellence of mediocrity, iy. 245.
Cleora, her Letter on Gaming, iv. 96. 100.
Clergy, Milton's objections to enteriog into the ministry, ix. 90.
Clifford, Martin, attacks Dryden's Conquest of Grenada, with a

specimen, ix. 333. Assisted Buckingham in writing the Rehear-

sal, 349.
Climate, has no influence on freedoin and slavery, or virtue and vice,

vii. 41.
Coach, provided by marriage-articles without horses, vii. 218.
Coal-pit compared to the sun, ix. 32.
Coins, observations on the collectors of, vii. 226.
Col, Island of, account of, viii. 359. Account of Grissipol in Col,

361. Account of the castle of Col, 363. Turnips introduced
there, 364. Account of the violent tempests there, 365. The
inhabitants attempt to supply there own wants, 372. Malt-tax
of the island only 20s, a year, 373. No emigrations from, 374.
Their funerals, 375. Amusements on New Year's Eve, 376.
Account of the custom of protecting murderers there, 376. AC-

count of the custom of fosterage there, 378.
Collier, Jeremy, account of his dispute on the entertainments of the

stage, x. 190.
Collins, William, his life, xi. 265. Born at Chichester, 1720, 165.

Admitted at Winchester College, 1733, 265. Came to London,
about 1744, a literary adventurer, 266. His uncle leaves him
about 2,0001. 266. Troubled with disease and insanity, 267. His

character, 269. Died 1756, 269. His works characterized, 270.
Colonies, observations on the settlement of, iii. 357. More politick

to remove grievances than to drive men to seek shelter in foreign
countries, 357. Crimes committed by the discoveries of new
regions, 358. Considerations how they are constituted, viii. 165.
Constitution of English colonies, 169. Their power from their
charters, 169. Compared to a member of the body, 170. Ought
to be bound by statutes of the mother-country, 171. The plea of
want of representation examined, 172. Advantages of, to the

mother-country, 172.
Columbus, little advantage to Europe from his discoveries, viii. 166.
Comedy, ridicule the business of, iii. 4. History of, 7. Origin of,

8. Three ages of, 11. The slave of its subject and the reigning
taste, 37. Tragedy more uniform than, 41. General rules of,
44. Purpose of, is to divert, 56. Character of ancient, 61.
Critical remarks upon the manner of composing it, v. 345.

Greek, dissertation upon the, iii. 1.
Commendation, false claims to it censured, vi. 282.
Commentators, the difficulties they meet with, ii. 122.
Commerce, Preface to Rolt's Dictionary of, ii. 256. The present

predilection of mankind to, 256. Difficulties in acquiring the
knowledge of, 258. One of the daughters of fortune, 392. Must
owe its success to agriculture, 394.
Commonwealths, governors of, rule those that think themselves the

rulers, iji. 63.
Companions, different classes of them described, vi. 280.

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Compassion, supposed by some to be a selfish passion, vii. 14.
Competitions often supported by interest and envy, vi. 249. Their

different influence on this occasion stated, 250, 251.
Complainers, incessant, represented as the screech-owls of mankind,

iv. 376.
Complaint, little got by it, vii. 378.
Complaints of the conduct of others, what principles will support our

claim to it, iv. 319, 320.
Composition, different methods of, xi, 165.
Compton, Sir Spencer, presents Thomson with twenty guineas, having

dedicated Winter to him, xi. 223.
Comus, the Masque of, first acted in 1634, ix. 91. Derived from

Homer's Circe, 91. The fact on which it was founded, 91.
Supposed by the editor to be derived from the Comus of Erycius
Puteanus, 92. Acted April 5, 1750, for the benefit of a grand-
daughter of Milton, 150. Characterized, 157. Prologue to, when

acted for the benefit of a grand-daughter of Milton, i. 131.
Conduct, the absurdity of it, whence it ariseth, v. 407.
Congo, island of, first discovered by the

Portuguese, ii. 231.
Congreve, William, his life, X. 185. Descended from a family in

Staffordshire, 185. Born about 1672, the place uncertain, 185.
First educated at Kilkenny, afterwards at Dublin, 186. Entered
at the Middle-Temple, but paid little attention to statutes or
reports, 186. The Old Batchelor, his first dramatick labour, ,
1693, 187. This play procured him the patronage of Halifax,
who made him a commissioner for licensing coaches, and places
in the Pipe-Office and Customs, 188. Account of this comedy,
188. The Double Dealer, 1694, 189. Love for Love, 1695,
189. Mourning Bride, 1697, 190. Defends the stage against
Collier, 191. Writes The Way of the World, 193. Retires
from the world as a writer, 193. Made Secretary for the island
of Jamaica, 194. Wished to be considered rather as a gentle-
man than an author, 194. His conversation with Voltaire, 194.
Loses his sight, 194. Died Jan. 29, 1728-9, buried in West-
minster Abbey, and a monument erected by the duchess of
Marlborough, to whom he left 10,0001. 195. His character as an

author, 196.
Consolation under afflictions, by what methods it may be obtained,

iv. 332. On what occasion it may be drawn from a view of the
afflictions of others, 333. Its useful influence against the depres-
sions of melancholy, 334. The tendency of it to strengthen pa-

tience and fortitude, 336.
Constantia and Philetus, written by Cowley at twelve years of age,

ix. 3.
Constantius, his history and character, vi. 299. 304.
Contentment with the situation in life assigned us, recommended, iv.

Controversies of the learned, a moderator recommended in them, ii.

Controversy, the writers of it, their short-lived fame soon succeeded

liy disrelish and neglect, v. 225.

Convenience, progress from rudeness to, vii. 252.
Conversation, the pleasures and distastes of it, iv. 274. 297. The

importance of acquiring it, vi. 217. The art of it difficult to
be attained, 277. What methods are most proper for this end,
278. The errors in sentiment and practice relating to this, into
which many are led, 279. Requires the same ingredients as

punch, vii. 135. The ingredients of both compared, 136.
Conway, Lord, taken up for being concerned in Waller's plot, ix.

246. After being examined several times by the Lords is admit-

ted to bail, 249.
Coot, account of a bird in Scotland so called, viii. 228.
Corbet, Mrs. Pope's epitaph on her, with the Visitor's remarks, xi.

Coriatachan, in Sky, account of, viii. 271.
Coriolanus, observations on Shakespeare's tragedy of, ii. 158.
Cornelia, her account of lady Bustle's employment, iv. 325. 331.
Cornice, Bob, his history, iii. 165.
Cornishmen, a supposed address from them, in order to show the

false arguments in the American resolutions and address, viii.

Country life, the pleasure expected to be, met with in it, seldom

prove so, exemplified in the history of Frank Shifter, vii. 284.
Court, the danger of dangling after places there, exemplified in the

character of Lentulus, iii. 180.
Courtier, his manner described, vi. 39. 44.
Courtly, Mrs. her character, iv. 78.
Cowley, Abraham, his life, ix. 1. Dr. Sprat's Life of Cowley

rather a funeral oration than an history, 1. The son of a gro-
cer, and born in 1618, 1. Became a poet from reading Spenser's
Fairy Queen, 2. Educated at Westminster School, 2. Could
not retain the rules of grammar, 2. A volume of Poems printed
in his thirteenth year, 3. Wrote Pyramus and Thisbe at ten
years of age, and Constantia and Philetus at twelve, 3. Re-
moved to Cambridge in 1636, 3. Ejected from Cambridge, and
takes shelter at St. John's College, Oxford, in 1643, 5. Em-
ployed in cyphering and decyphering the letters between the
King and Queen, 5. Writes his Mistress without being in love,
5. Secretary to lord Germin at Paris, 7. Some of his letters
preserved in Brown's Miscellanea Aulica, 7. His opinion of the
Scotch treaty, 8.

Sent back from Paris, under pretence of
privacy and retirement, 10. Seized by the usurping powers, and
obliged to give a security of 1,0001. 10. Supposed to relax from
liis loyalty, 10. Purposes to retire to America, 10. Takes up
the character of physician, ll. Writes a Copy of Verses on the
Death of Oliver, 11. Made Dr. of Physick at Oxford, 1657,
12. Writes in the Philosophical Transactions, 12. Studies bo-
tany, and writes several books on Plants, in Latin, 13. Supe-
rior to Milton in Latin poetry, 13. Retires into Surry, 16.
Obtains a lease of the Queen's lands, 17. His letter to Dr.
Sprat, 17. Died at Chertsey, 1667, and buried with great pomp,
near Chauser and Spenser, 18. Charles II. said, Cowley had

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