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education there for a scholar of the highest class, for the term of

ñ months, 151. for the lower class, 101. 115. Angelo, Michael, observations on his style of painting, vii. 318. Anger, the necessity of checking and regulating it, iv. 66. A tumul

tuous and dangerous passion, derived from pride, 68. Exposed to

contempt and derision, 70. The pernicious effects of it, 71, 72. Animal food, on the choice and rejection of various sorts of, viii. 281. Anningate and Ajut, the Greenland lovers, their history, vi. 267.

276. Anoch, account of, viii. 248. Consists only of three huts, 248. Ac

count of the landlord and his house, 249. Anson, Lord, little advantage to have been expected, had his voyage

succeeded to the extent of his wishes, viii. 62. Anthea, her disagreeable character, iv. 220. 225. Antony and Cleopatra, observations on Shakspeare's play of, ii. 158. Application, desaltory, injurious to our improvements in knowledge and virtue, v. 388. Active and diligent, strongly enforced by a

view of the shortness and uncertainty of human life, 400. Arabs, account of their manner of living, iii. 406. Arbuthnot, Dr. with Pope, supposed to have assisted Gay in writing

Three Hours after Marriage, x. 239. Sketch of his character, xi. 133. The first volume of the Memoirs of Scriblerus published by

him, in conjunction with Pope and Swift, 136. Arcades, written by Milton, about 1637, ix. 92. Archery, the importance of, in former times, xii. 314. Arches, considerations on elliptical and semicircular, which is to be

preferred, ii. 275. Architecture, the degenerate state of at Rome, ii. 280. Argatio, his character, iv. 179. Ariosto, some lines of, from which Pope seems to have borrowed the

sentiments of his own epitaph, xi. 216. Aristophanes, licentiousness of his writings exorbitant, iii. 3. The

only author from whom a just idea of the comedy of his age may be drawn, 5. History of, 16. Praise and censure of, 17. Plu

tarch's sentiments upon, 23. Justification of, 25. Aristotle, his sentiments of what is requisite to the perfection of a

tragedy, v. 429. Account of a MS. translation of his politicks in

the library at Aberdeen, viii. 224. Armidel, in the Isle of Sky, account of, viii. 266. Arms of the Highlanders, account of, viji. 351. Army, causes of the superiority of the officers of France to those of

England, ii. 317. Made formidable by regularity and discipline,

ii. 371. Art, terms of, the necessity of, vii. 280. Ascham, Roger, his life, xii. 308. Born at Kirby Wiske, near North

Allerton, 1515, 308. Educated with the sons of Mr. Wingfield, and entered at Cambridge, 1530, 309. Applied to the study of Greek, 309. A favourer of the Protestant opinion, 309. Chosen fellow of St. John's, 1534, 310. M. A. and tutor, 1537, 312. Not less eminent as a writer of Latin than as a teacher of Greek, 313. Fond of archery, 323. Published his ** nhilus, 1544


314. Receives a pension of 101. from Henry VIII. 317. The
equivalent value of his pension, at this time, considered, 317.
Orator of the university, 319. Taught prince Edward, princess
Elizabeth, and many of the nobility, writing, 319. Receives a
pension from Edw. VI. 319. Tutor to the princess Elizabeth,
which he quits without consent, 319. Secretary to sir Richard
Morisine, ambassador to Germany, 320. On the death of Edw.
VI. loses his pension and places, 321. Latin secretary to Philip
and Mary, 322. Inquiry how he could as a Protestant hold the
place under Philip and Mary, 322. Favoured by card. Pole,
324. Continued in the same employment under Elizabeth, 324.
Prebend of Westwang, in the church of York, 324, Died 1574,

327. His character, 327.
Assurance, not always connected with abilities, vi. 114.
Astrology, the credit given to it in the last century, i. 198.
Astronomer, the cause of uneasiness in an, iii. 414. Supposes him-

self to have the power of the winds, rain, and seasons, 415.
Leaves his directions to Imlac, 418. Pekuah wishes to become
his scholar, 129, His opinion of the choice of life, 427. His
superstition removed, by entering into the amusements of life,

As You Like It, observations on Shakspeare's, ii. 146.
Athanatus, his just reflections on the near prospect of death, iv. 344.

Atheists, their industry in spreading their opinions, x. 304.
Atterbury, Dr. his inscription on the monument of Philips, ix. 297.
Atterbury, Bp. Pope examined before the lords on the trial of the

bishop, xi. 104. Presents Pope with a Bible at their last inter-

view, 105.
Avarice, fatal effects of insatiable, iv. 249.
Aubigny, Lady, carries a commission from Ch. I. to Sir Nicholas

Crispe, ix. 243.
Auchinleck, Lord, his seat at Auchinleck described, viii. 412.
Avarice, always poor, vii. 293. The vanity of, i. 24.
Augustus, review of Blackwell's Memoirs of the Court of, ii. 318.
Augustus Fort, account of, viii. 247.
Auknasheals, account of the village of, viii. 256.
Aurantius, his unjust and abusive treatment of Liberalis, vi. 141,
Aureng Zebe, a tragedy, remarks upon some improprieties in it, v.

Austerities, and mortifications, their use in religion, v. 251.
Authors, have a desire of appearing to have done every thing by

chance, x. 187. Criticism a proper check on bad ones, xi. 187.
The impropriety of editors in altering the posthumous works of
authors, iv. 227. Character of, not to be collected from their
works, 228. The complaint of surreptitious editions inquired
into, xii. 274. The difficulty of his first address, iv. 1. By what
methods he may be introduced with advantage to the publick, 3, 4.
Often deluded by the visionary and vain anticipations of hap-
piness, 11. The neglect of him the most dreadful mortification,
12. The folly of endeavouring to acquire fame merely by writing,

13. Some peculiar discouragements to which he is exposed, 13. His proper task is to instruct and entertain, 14. The difficulty of executing it with advantage, 14. Increased by the caprice and ill-nature of his readers, 14. His acquisition of fame difficult, and his possession of it precarious, 139. The great difference between the productions of the same author accounted for, 141. Naturally fond of their own productions, 362. Many deluded by the vain hope of acquiring immortal reputation, v. 221. Their literary fame destined to various measures of duration, 223. vi. 35. Their being esteemed, principally owing to the influence of curiosity or pride, v. 224. Their proper rank and usefulness in society, 411. Characters of the manufacturers of literature, 32. As they grow more elegant become less intelligible, vii. 143. Difficulties they find in publishing their works, 222. The precarious fame of, 236. Who write on subjects which have been pre-occupied by great men generally sink, 265. Journal of an, 267. Seldom write their own lives, 405. Their lives full of incident, 406. Signs of knowing how a publication is received, 406. Writing their own lives recommended, 408. Their misfortune in not having their works understood by the readers, iii. 170. Not to be charged with plagiarism merely for similarity of sentiment, 214. Who communicate truth with success, among the first benefactors to mankind, 215. Hints for them to attract the favour and notice of mankind, 217. No want of topick whilst mankind are mutable, 218. The present age an age of authors, 252. Want of patronage complained of, 255. Qualifications necessary for an, 257. Their importance to the welfare of the publick, 285. The good they do to mankind compared to a single drop in a shower of rain, 288. Who provide innocent amusement, may be considered as benefactors to life, 289. Their condition with regard to themselves, 292. Their expectation before publication considered, 293. The pleasure and difficulties of composition, 294. After all, the publick judgment frequently perverted from the merit of his work, 296. The merit of his works ascertained by the test of time which they have retained fame, ii. 78. A century the term fixed for the test of literary merit, 79. The genius of the age to be considered in order to fix the abilities of, 71. The expectation they form of the reception of their labours, 422. Should not promise more than they can perform, ii. 320. May compile new works with old materials, 320. Some supposed to write for the sake of making sport for superiour beings, ii. 48. No longer master of a book which he has given

to the publick, ii. 333. Authority, the accidental prescriptions of it often confounded with

the laws of nature, vi. 96. Authority, parental, frequently exerted with rigour, vi. 45. Autumn, an ode, i. 137.


BACON, Francis, Lord, the life prefixed to the edition of his

works, 1740, written by Mallet, xi. 350. His severe reflection
on beautiful women, iv. 246. Was of opinion that his moral
essays would be of longer duration than his other works, v. 226.

Observations on his character, iii. 279.
Bail, the danger of becoming, exemplified in the character of Se-

renus, iii. 176.
Baillet, his collection of critical decisions remarked, v. 138.
Bamff, account of that town, viii. 230.
Bards, uncertainty in the account of them, viii. 348.
Bargains, the folly of buying bargains exposed, vii. 138.
Barra, Island of, account of, viii. 368. Horses there not more than

twenty-six inches high, 368.
Barratier, John Phillip, his life, xii. 149. Son of a Calvinist mi-

nister, and born at Schwabach, 1720-21, 149. His early ac-
quirements of learning, 150. In his ninth year could speak Latin,
German, and French, equally well, 150. In his eleventh year
translated the Travels of Rabbi Benjamin from the Hebrew into
French, with notes, 151. The method by which his father taught
him the languages, 153. Published Anti-Artemonius, 1735, 156.
Patronized for his learning, by the king of Prussia, 1735, 156.

Died 1740, 159.
Bashfulness, sometimes the effect of studious retirement, vi. 106.

114. Frequently produced by too high an opinion of our own

importance, 116.
Barretti, translation of some lines at the end of his Easy Phraseo-

logy, v. 163.
Bavaria, Elector of, invested with the imperial dignity, xii. 244.

Died 1745, 268.
Baxter, Mr. Richard, incitement he often urged to the present ex-

ercise of charity, v. 4.
Bayes, that character designed for Dryden, ix. 350. That cha-

racter also supposed to be designed for Davenant and Sir Robert

Howard, 350.
Beaumont and Fletcher, their plots in Spanish stories, ix. 230.
Beauty, disgustingly described, ii. 37. A mental quality, merely

relative and comparative, v. 128. The disadvantages incident to
such as are celebrated for it, 377. The folly of anxiety and soli-
citude upon account of it, 378. The natural principle of, vii. 330.
The most general form of nature the most beautiful, 330. Depends
much on the general received ideas, 332. Novelty said to be one
of the causes of beauty, 333. Misfortunes which frequently attend

it, 25.
Beggars, the best method of reducing the number, ii. 344. As nu-

merous in Scotland as in England, viii. 220. Account of, in the

Hebrides, 370.
Bellaria, her character, vi. 293.

Bellarmine, Card. writes in defence of Paul V. against the Vene-

tians, xii. 6.
Bemoin (a prince of Africa), account of him, ii. 225. Is driven

from his kingdom, visits Portugal, and becomes a Christian, ii.
226. On his return to regain his kingdom, through the assist-
ance of the Portuguese, is stabbed by the Portuguese com-

mander, 227.
Beneficence, mutual, the great end of society, iv. 358. The extent

and proportion of it to be adjusted by the rules of justice, v. 63.
Ben Hannase Rabbi Abraham, his account of the power of the

magnet in the detection of incontinence, vi. 341.
Benserade, Mons, translation of his lines, a son lit, i. 164.
Bentley, Dr. his saying on Pope's translation of Homer, xi. 184.
Bernardi, John, account of him, xi. 203. Died in Newgate in

1736, after being confined near forty years, for being concerned
with Rookwood in his plot against K. William, without being

brought to a trial, 203.
Betterton, a picture of him painted by Pope, xi. 74.
Bible, the veneration always paid to sacred history, ix. 55.
Biography, impediments in the way of, iii. 76. By what means it

is rendered disgustful and useless, iv. 385. A species of writing
entertaining and instructive, 386. Most eagerly read of any kind
of writing, vii. 339. More useful than history, 339. Every man
the best writer of his own story, 340. Difficulties in writing the
life of another, 341. Few authors write their own lives, whilst
statesmen, generals, &c. frequently do, 405. The necessity of
adhering to truth in, xi. 198.
Biographia Britannica, many untruths in that publication in the

life of Dr. E. Young, xi. 335.
Birch, Thomas, Eis BigXbov, i. 186.
Blackmore, Sir Richard, charged by Dryden with stealing the plan

of Prince Arthur from him, ix. 365. Libels Dryden in his Satire
upon Wit, 379. His life, x. 202. Born at Corsham, in Wilt-
shire, 202. Educated at Westminster, and entered at Oxford,
1668, 202. Made doctor of physick, at Padua, 202. For a
short time a schoolmaster, 203. Fellow of the college of phy-
sicians, Apr. 12, 1687, 203. Resided at Sadlers' Hall, Cheap-
side, 203. Wrote for fame, or to engage poetry in the cause of
virtue, 204. Published his Prince Arthur, 1695, 204. Made
physician in ordinary to K. William, and knighted, 205. His
paraphrase of Job, 1700, 206. His Satire on Wit, the same year,
207. Creation, a philosophical poem, 1712, 208. His account
of wit, 212. Observations on the Tale of a Tub, 214. Extract
from his Essay on the Spleen, 215. Censor of the college of
physicians, 1716, 216. His New Version of Psalms, 1721, 216.
His Alfred, 1723, 217. Becomes despised as a poet, and neg-
lected as a physician, 217. Wrote

many books on physick, 217.
His censure of Hippocrates's Aphorisms, 218. His opinion of
learning, 219. Died Oct. 8, 1729. His character, and as an

author, 220. Extract from his Prince Arthur, 223.
Blank Verse, characterized, xi. 360.

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