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imagination borrowed from nature mory? And can we separate this those fresh and brilliant colours noble sentiment from the praises which animated his descriptions; justly due to him, who, by indeand as a reward for so much love fatigable perseverance, by, ingeniand the worship rendered by talent ous and profound investigation,

now to beauty, the poet regarded it as a offers a monument of glorious recolgreat favour when the lady deigned lections, which will at once be useto accept his homage. By turns ful to science, to history, and to delicate and tender, fearful and re letters? sigred, he made even the cruelty of the lady a subject for praise ; or, if The Haytian Propagator ; a Politia complaint escaped from him, he cal and Literary Journal. Writknew how, by a soft effusion of sen. ten by several Haytians. Pubtiment, respect, and love, to weaken lished on the 1st and 15th of every his reproaches, and add to the ex month. pression of his tenderness.

But these poets did not confine The appearance of this journal is themselves to the pains and plea- a phenomenon worthy of observation sures of love; many of them devoted in its origin, progress, and duration. themselves to celebrate the memory Fortunate, but evanescent circumof princes and nobles, who had de sances inay have given rise to it, served their aduiration or grati- and some isolated literary charactude; at the same time their Muse ters may, for a time, support its exseverely censured the excesses and istence and its fame; but if it condisorders of their age. The long tinue for any length of time, it dispute between the Court of Rome must be regarded as a production of and the House of Suabia, the almost the national talent, and proves that continual wars between France and in Hayti arts and letters are successEngland, the deplorable persecu- fully cultivated, though there are tions of Languedoc, the expeditions some who think that country a to the Holy Land, the murderous stranger to civilization. quarrels occasioned by the feudal spectus of this journal was publishsystem, the licence and depravity of ed in May, 1822. We are only acmanners ;-all became subjects for quainted with the six first numbers, poetry. Some attacked vice with each of which deserves particular the keen arms of ridicule and irony; mention. The prospectus itself may others more bold pointed out the be considered as part of the work, faults of princes, the misconduct of and is also well worthy of attention. the clergy, the blind prodigality of There is an account of the situation the nobles, their want of delicacy of the old and new world, in which and restraint in the means they took Europe is not flattered. If this deto enrich themselves, the petulance scription be faithful

we,

Europeans, of the citizens, in a word, the vices do not gain more by being observed of all classes; and these verses, at a great distance than we do when dictated by bold and severe frank- examined nearer. We are surprised ness, were almost always lessons of that the republican editors in Amejustice, prudence, and morality. rica had not the same opinion of the

If such is the merit of the Trou mad undertaking of Iturbide as the badours, which any one may be con Europeans, and that they should vinced of who will read the poetry think for a moment, that an imitator that has been handed down to us ; of Buonaparte or Christophe could if such was their influence for more form the bappiness of Mexico. The than two centuries; if it be true government of the United States (which may be easily proved) that is very much praised, though the we owe the revival of letters in prosperity of that country is exagEurope to these poets ; if their gerated, and we cannot think the varied and fertile talents softened prediction in this prospectus will be the manners, corrected the abuse, accomplished, that at the end of the and hastened civilization, in coun present century, the United States tries so long torn by parties disputing will contain 120 millions of inhabi. for possession ; do we not owe a com tants. mon debt of gratitude to their me The first and second numbers are Eur. Mag. Nov. 1823,

3 H

The pro

nearly filled by a well-written his Pirmin, Didot, and Millevoie ; but tory of the re-union of the Spanish in none of them is there a continued part of St. Domingo, and with very elegance, with a constant fidelity to just observations on the conse the genius and manner of the oriquences of this formation of a ginal. This of M. Tissot's seems United State, and on the guarantee to have upited these qualities. The of Haytian independence, arising learned translator has endeavoured from this union.

to imitate the flow and motion, and We shall not lose sight of this in almost the construction of Virgil's teresting journal; and we shall take versification, and he has laboured care to present our readers with unremittingly to convey the geany thing which it may contain that nius of the Roman language. This can tend to increase our knowledge work, which is at once more faithful of this island. The style of the and origioal than those of his prede. Haytians is already improved though cessors, uniting the elegance of some it is far from being yet correct or

with the fidelity of others, and hav in good taste.

ing more than any of them the air

of antiquity, is the result of great apo Portraits des Personnages les plus ce. plication, aided by poetical talent.

lébres de la Revolution Française. Portraits of the most celebrated Per. Della Lingua comune d'Italia, ge.

sons of the French Revolution, Treatises on the Common Language with a Fac-simile of their Writing. of Italy; on rarchi's History of

Florence ; and on the Knowledge This collection, the execution of of Counterpoint among the An. which is confided to the most dis. cients, with an Appendix to the tinguished artists, ought always to Galatea of La Casa. By Andrea accompany the memoirs relative to Mayer. 1822. the French revolution. Writings are not always sufficient of them This author brings up again the selves to show their date. In his old question, whether the language tory, portraits, drawings, and the used by the Italians in their writings monuments of the time are what ought to be called Tuscan, Florenthe historian must consult; and in tine, or Italian. Such a discussion, this collection costume is accurately only interesting to those who have preserved. Caricatures are also care nothing better to do, must make all fully preserved, which serve to show true Italians blush, to find amongst that the French are always the them people foolish enough to in. same, even amidst the most horrible terest theinselves in such fatilities. and terrifying scenes. The monu The second treatise is deroted to ments raised by the conquerors of proving the merit of Varchi's histhe day, and overthrown the next, tory. The faults of this historian are correctly represented, and will have been universally acknowledg. bear witness to the vicissitudes of ed, particularly his prolixity, which civil wars, and the momentary trin foreigners often impute to Italiaus, umphs of faction. And, lastly, the and which Varchi may be particomedals, and even coins, whose stamplarly blamed for, as he never in. exhibits the spirit of the times, will quires into the causes and motives concur with written history to give of the events which he details so an idea of the French revolution. much at length. He is very far

from resembling Tacitus and PolyBucoliques de Virgil. bius, whom he says, he took for Virgil's Bucolics, translated into models. His style, however, mast French Verse. By P. F. Tissot. be allowed to possess the merit

of correctness and elegance, and he Many'writers have devoted them. relates' facts and truths with more selves to the translation of the Bu- frankness and openness than they colics of Virgil. Amongst the mul- would the have courage to do who titude of attempts, in many of which criticise him. may be traced much talent, and diffi The author, in his third treatise, culties happily overcome, are those endeavours to prove, from a fragof M. M. de Langeac, Dorange, ment, which Macrobius has pre

served of Cicero's Republic, that the The last treatise is intended for the ancients understood counterpoint. Venetiaus ; some of whom, accordThis inquiry employed P. Sacchi, ing to the author, are not great oband many of the learned in the six servers of civility. teenth and seventeenth centuries.

ENGLISH BOOKS,

Memoirs of the Baron de Kolli, writ. divinity which doth hedge a king;"

ten by himself, to which are added he was moreover unfortunate and a Memoirs of the Queen of Etruria, captive, and imagination painting written by herself. 8vo. pp. 340. him in all the attributes of suffering London, 1823.

royalty, excited in his subjects a

chivalrous spirit in his cause. Had At the time when Great Britain he once been rescued and placed by was making such strenuous exertions us at the lead of the government, for the rescue of the Peninsula from his conduct would have dissipated the dominion of Buonaparte, our

all these delusions in his favour, Cabinet conceived the design of li- the liberal party of his subjects berating Ferdinand from his resi- would have again seceded from his dence at Valency, in order that his service, whilst all but the most inappearance at Madrid might give fatuated royalists would have felt countenance and consistency to the but little inclination to fight in a exertions we were making in his cause, the success of which would behalf, and that he might concen have again plunged them into all. trate the energies of his subjects the bigotry, and abuses of the old. which were parallised by those dis regime. Independent of which, Fersentions that arose from a want of diuand, with his religious prejudices. the presence of the sovereign. The against the English, and with his scheme for effecting the rescue -of predilections in favour of France, the Spanish monarch was entrusted would have been an easy dupe to to the Baron de Kolli, who, in the French intrigues, by which, we have memoirs now before us, has given no doubt, our interests would have us the whole history of the trans. suffered most severely in every point action, ab.ovo usque ad mala. of view. So far, therefore, from la: In considering the subject, three menting the failure of the Baron de points naturally present themselves Kolli's

efforts to effect the liberation to our attention. The policy of the of Ferdinand, we conceive that faiobject; the nature of the plot or lure to have been the most fortunate contrivance for the attainment of event that could have befallen the that object; and the mode of carry cause at the crisis at which it haping that contrivance into execution. pened.

With respect to the first point, we With respect to the second point, believe that no person of intellie the nature of the plot or contrivance gence, whatever may be his country for effecting the rescue of the King, or his politics, will conceive for a one thing essential for its success moment that Ferdinand himself was appears to us to have been, not only worthy of the smallest exertions in the consent of Ferdinand to escape, bis behalf, either on the part of Great but his willingness to escape bý Britain or of his own subjects; and the means proposed to him. 'Now, with regard to the effect which his whatever Ferdinand's feelings and presence would have had upon the opinions might have been on the Spanish war, we have no hesitation subject, our government never took in. declaring, that his appearance the smallest pains to ascertain them; amongst his subjects would have but the plot for his rescue was been almost fatal to the cause. At begun, continued, and ended with. that period. Ferdinand had given no out any communication with him proofs of that depravity of disposi. whatever ; a folly upon which tion which has since characterised Fouché has been known to expa. all. his public measures. He was tiate with alternate mirth and contherefore surrounded with “ that tempt. The Emperor Napoleon,

well knowing the sensual and spi: to the secretary whom he picked up ritless character of Ferdinand, had in the coffee houses of Antwept, and so surrounded him with luxury, and the secretary of course communieffeminate amusements of every des- cated all he heard to his employers cription, that the degenerated mo at Paris. Our readers will take no narch was reconciled to his bond- pleasure in our detailing the proage; and bad it been otherwise he ceedings of a man capable of such was of too weak an intellect, and was gross imprudence, and we shall too deficient, both in moral and in therefore oply relate that the Baron animal courage,to make those efforts, sailed on his mission in Sir George and to incur those risks, which he Cockburn's squadron, which was must have incurred had he entered fitted out for the purpose of landing into the Baron's schemes for his thre Baron, and of receiving the Spaescape.

nish King when our agent should If the object of the plot was thus have effected his liberation, and impolitic, and the plot itself inhe. should have conveyed him to the rently bad, the folly of both are coast. Before arriving in France, thrown into the shade by the egre the Baron had once more communigious error of selecting a man like cated his job to a Baron de Ferriet, the Baron de Kolli for carrying it a stranger and a spy that Sir George into execution.

Cockburn had picked up on the The Baron informs us, that hav. coast of France; and at our hero's ing received a proposal from our final arrival at Valency, he selects government to undertake a secret for a confident and

an assistant in his mission (anglice

, to become a spyr) schemes, a Sieur Richard, a perfect for the liberation of Ferdinand, he stranger, the ground of selection repaired to Antwerp to wait for fur- being, by De Kolli's own confession, ther instructions. · At Antwept he this stranger's having told him that makes an acquaintance with a Mons. he had once been a Vendean officer, Albert de St.

B-, a perfect stranger and had fought for the Bourbons. to the Baron, and moreover a person The consequences of such a course then actually in the pay of Napoleon of execrable folly was the seizure of Our readers will scarcely credit as our author, and of all his papers, when we inform them that our au- by the French police at Valency; thor on no other ground than liking and, as a punishment for his attempt, this stranger's physiognomy, com he was confined for four years in municates to him the business he is the state prison of Viacennes. The upon, and proposes to him to become French government, having got poshis secretary; a proposal to which session of our author's credentials this Mons. Albert readily assented. to the Spanish Monarch, made the These two gentlemen are afterwards Sieur Richard personate the British conveyed to England by one of our agent and propose to Ferdinand the men of war, composing a part of the scheme for his escape, a proposal Walcheren Expedition. Arrived in which Ferdinand rejected without London, the plot for liberating the besitation, even betraying the person Spanish King is got up by the Mar- who had proposed it to him. quis Wellesley, Admiral Sir George The Baron de Kolli at length gets Cockburn, and the Baron de Kolli; liberated from prison by the Bourand so cautious are our statesmen in bon's after their restoration to power their conduct, that they meet only in 1814, but on the landing of the at night, the Marquis going in a Emperor Napoleon from Elba, he borrowed (we suppose a hired) car- again meddles with affairs of state; riage, and Sir George Cockburn he mixes in the intrigues which the and the Baron entering the house of Duchess d'Angouleme was carrying rendezvous by a back door. In on in the South of France, and his spite of this extreme caution, the exertions led to his being taken and Baron informs us that when he was confined a second time as a state taken by the enemy at Valency, prisoner. He at length owes his the French police informed hin of liberation to the consequences which his most secret proceedings in Lon- ensued on the battle of Waterloo. don, the fact being that the garru. After this second liberation our aulous simpleton imparted every thing thor sceks for a reward for his im

portant services. The Bourbons of The whole of the Baron's sentiments France treat him most scurvily. The and opinions are revolting to the Bourbons of Spain behave to him more masculine tone of British feel. with more of the suaviter in modo, ings. but with as little of substantial gra The most interesting part of the titude, To John Bull our hero volume is that which relates to the therefore looks for a pecuniary re author's imprisonment at Vincennes. ward of his toils; and whether in Some of his pages upon this subject admiration of his talents for in are of a nature to harrow the feeltrigue we cannot say, but our authorings, and to make the most lasting imtells us that Lord Liverpool satisfied pression on the mind; but even in this his utmost wishes.

division of the work we are annoyed It really appears to us that ima- by palpable exaggerations and evigination can hardly form an idea of dent inconsistencies; and even by an intrigue worse conceived, worse positive contradictions. arranged, or worse executed than In the details of the operations in that of which the Baron de Kolli the South of France, during the has given us the history; and we hundred days, the Baron bears tescannot restrain our feelings upon timony both to the masculine spirit reading this author's confessions and to the blind infatuation of the upon the infatuated profligacy with Duchess d'Angoulême, as well as to which the public money was la. the astonishing attachment which vished upon such a scheme, and all classes of individuals bore toupon such an agent. Besides a wards the Emperor Napoleon. considerable sum of money, the After the Baron de Kolli finishes Baron says he took with him his bombast and inflation, he favours 208,000 francs in diamonds as his us with the Memoirs of the Queen private emoluments, and his “ first of Etruria, written, he declares, by expenses ;" besides which, « un- herself; and written, we must con. limited credit had been opened for fess, in a style very opposite to that King Ferdinand, at a Paris bank of the Baron's. There is no evidence

To what extent the consci- whatever of the authenticity of these entious Baron availed himself of last memoirs, and therefore they are this "unlimited credit" he does not of no authority whatever. We must condescend to inform us, but after confess that they bear no internal this profuse lavishing of money, he marks of being surreptitious, but it does condescend to inform us that is positive evidence alone that can though the Marquis Wellesley gave entitle them to public confidence. him the cut courteous, (probably The Queen of Etruria is the daughfor his folly) Lord Liverpool "be- ter of the late King Charles IV. of haved with the greatest liberality" Spain, and consequently sister to towards him.

Ferdinand VII. At the age of thirThe whole account of the trans. teen and a half she married Don action is written in a turgid style, Louis of Bourbon, eldest son of the full of egotism and rodomontade. Duke of Parma. After being marOur author has not intellect or spirit ried six years she gave birth to a enough to discriminate between the son, and was afterwards delivered brave and loyal gentleman, and the of a second child whilst her husband servile courtier of an Asiatic meri was in a dreadful state of chronic dian; he mistakes fulsome adulation disease, which ended in his death. for deserved praise, and confounds By the treaty of Lunéville she was a rational attachment to the princi- made Queen of Etruria ; but the old ples of royalty, with a personal sub- sovereign of Etruria had so plunserviency to the vices and follies of dered the palace, that on her arria king. His epithets of praise he- val, our heroine was reduced to such stowed upon Ferdinand, are so ex great shifts, that she observes, “this travagant and absurd as to defeat was the first time that the daughter his object in using them, and they of the King of Spain, accustomed recall to the mind those transactions to be served in gold and silver, saw of this unfortunate monarch's con herself obliged to eat off porcelain.duct, which his judicious friends In 1802 she was invited into Spain would wish to see lost in oblivion. to witness the marriages of her

er's.

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