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ignorance of the modern principles want of information, and of reasonof representation, that we are not a. ing powers, in its author. How little surprised that any author, with valuable such an article might have the mens sana should think of pass- been had it been written upon ing such a reverie off for a practical sound and general principles, and and adviseable measure. We will had it been written in a spirit, not not, however, bestow more attention of party, but of philanthropy and upon this article, having, we con- of truth! ceive, done enough to show the

SKETCHES OF POPULAR PREACHERS.

THE REV. ISAAC SAUNDERS, A.M.

- MR. SAUNDERS is Rector of the art; in reading, he frequently allows united parishes of St. Andrew, Ward- them to sink so low that they are robe, and St. Anne, Blackfriars. This scarcely audible at a distance. In gentleman is dignified, and almost preaching, he is habitually betrayed graceful in his deportment, especi- into a species of sing-song uniforally before he enters the pulpit; but, mity, a repetition of cadences, that when arrived there, he very soon is extremely censurable; this defect bids farewell to grace, in his anxiety is principally discernible when he is to assume the appearance of pas delivering those parts of his sermon sionate earnestness: by using the which demand the manifestation of word assuine I by no means wish energetic feeling ; on the contrary, to insinuate that he does not feel when this is not required, he emwhat he says, I merely intend to ploys the fine lower tones of his assert that he sacrifices elegance at voice, which, being well modulated, the shrine of energy. If these two must always excite admiration in qualities were incompatible with those who hear them. A great fault each other, of course, Mr. Saunders of this gentleman's reading is, that would be right in selecting the lat- he permits a general languor to perter.as his distinguishing character- vade his whole, deportment. For istic; but in him they are not neces- what purpose does Mr. Saunders sarily divided. Some preachers, in- indulge in this, is it for the sake of deed, if they were to bestow the contrast? Does he imagine that attention requisite to acquire a tameness in reading is a foil to set graceful demeanour, would become off the charm of animation in preachartificial and unnatural, but this ing? Impossible! There is, I am excellence seems indigenous to Mr. aware, a wide difference in the deSaunders, and to be divorced from

gree of energy required in the readhim by determined violence. He is ing-desk and in the pulpit

, bat a not in the pulpit either tame, mono- sufficient portion of this quality is tonous or too vehement, while the absolutely essential to the perfection composed stillness of his demeanour, of a reader, for its total absence is in level speaking, harmonizes admir- certain to occasion monotonous inably with what he is delivering ; but sipidity: Two additional defects

: his constant habit of alternately which distinguish this gentleman's rising and stooping when animated reading are, that his emphasis is is in the very worst taste possible; not sufficiently pointed, nor his inindeed the whole of his action, when tonations varied; both of these he is impassioned, is very generally errors he has the power, if he has ungraceful. His voice is rich, me- the inclination, to correct. This genlodious, and powerful, even when tleman is an extempore speaker, elevated to its highest key it is full, and at the same time a very fluent firm, and never discordant; and the one; be is never at a loss for a word lower tones, when they first break to express his meaning, while the upon the ear, are singularly beauti- occasional rapidity of his utterance ful; they might however be much sufficiently proves the facility with better modulated than they are; na

which he embodies his ideas. It ture has done more for them than would perhaps be unfair to criticis

extemporaneous language with as good, he refers to christianity alone; much severity as that which is pre- all collateral aids and subsidiary composed, for it never can possess assistances he studiously rejects. the same degree of polish and cor. He is not obscure either in his mode rectness; though, as the preacher is of thinking, or in his language; his free to choose between the two, he ideas are distinctly defined to himbecomes in some ineasure answer- self, and he has the power of making able for the faults of whichever them intelligible to his hearers; he style he adopts. Extempore speak has likewise the merit of adhering ing appears perfectly natural to Mr.

to the subject of his discourse; he Saunders, and not the result of does not launch out into irrelevant study and habit. His general style digressions, and he always appears is plain, flowing and clear; it is un- to have formed the plan of his whole adorned by the rich imaginings of a sermon previously to his entrance poetic mind, neither does it exhibit into the pulpit. He is undoubtedly the forceful character, which pecu. a man of talent, though not of the liarly distinguishes the offspring of first order; he wants the depth, oria vigorous intellect; it is censurable ginality, richness, and force, necesfor its general want of elevation, for sary to constitute the highest grade its diffuseness, and occasional ap- of intellectual excellence; still be proximation to insipidity. His ti- will always coinmand a certain sbare gures, though seldom remarkable for

of popularity; and, if his voice and originality, or new combinations of his action were invariably moduthought and language, are usually lated and regulated with reference well conceived and executed, but it to the principles of harmony and is not often that he has recourse to taste, they would operate as powerthese ornaments of composition. ful auxiliaries to his eloquence, Mr. Saunders's sermons discuss at which, in consequence of being pergreat length the peculiar character

fectly natural, easy, and unaffected, istics of our religion, which he en- and the production of a mind which forces with zeal and earnestness : brings all its powers into action, he is strictly speaking a Christian must always render his ministerial preacher. For motives to action, for labours of considerable importance determents to avoid what is evil, for to the sphere in which he is placed. encourageunents to practice what is

CRITICUS.

A NEW PLAN OF-MOUNTING TERRESTRIAL GLOBES. The Terrestrial Globe has of late seasons is represented to arise from years undergone considerable im- the pole's alternately approaching provements in its geographical ar- to and receding from the sun. For rangements : but its appendages this reason, as illustrations make or mountings, though highly objec- more lasting impressions on young tionable in many parts, have re- minds than precepts, a preceptors mained nearly the same for upwards time will be occupied to very little of a century; It is manifest that purpose in explaining facts at variwhen the pole is elevated for the ance with the representations of his latitude of a place, the horizon re- instruments. In fact, it is univerpresents the horizon of an imagi; sally acknowledged that the globe, nary place at rest like itself, and with the appendages usually be. not the horizon of a place on the longing to it, is quite inadequate to earth's surface; for, no place can illustrate the phenomena arising possibly leave its horizon behind it, from the earth's annual motion, and as this would appear to do when the these phenomena form by far the globe is turned on its axis. On the most extensive and interesting part. other hand, when the pole is ele- of this study: vated for the sun's declination, in-' The use of the globes is now constead of the latitude of a place, the sidered an indispensible part of the wooden horizon becomes a termi- education of both sexes; and, as much nator between the light and dark time is usually spent in studies of hemispheres, while the change of this kind, any thing calculated to

sun.

facilitate their usefulness must be its opposite sides. These arms fit acceptable to the public.

lengthways into the lever, and their : We have noticed the above defects, extremities or points move in cen. and made these remarks, from an tres fixed within it. The ends of idea that something of the kind the levers are connected by crossled Mr. Christie, of Southampton- pieces, on the principle of the conbuildings, to the invention of an necting pieces of a parallel rule. apparatas which appears to be well The levers are exactly of the same calculated to supply the deficien- length, and their arms are to each cies, and to become generally use- other as 2 to 1. A brass tube is ful. It represents an artificial globe fixed on the upper end of the piece, moving about an illuminated arti- connecting the long arms, and a ficial sud, in a circle whose plane counterpoise on the lower end of the makes with the horizon an angle of piece, connecting the short arms. 23° gradually descending that The brass tube contains the axis number of degrees below the level of a Terrestrial Globe, lengthened of the sun on one side, and ascend- about six inches at the south pole. ing the same number above his level The counterpoise balances the globe, on the other; thus familiarly illus- and preserves the parallelism of its trating the earth's annual and diar- axis during its motion round the nal motions, the diversity of the sea- On the bent steel rod, under sons, the sun's apparent progress in the lamp, is fixed a board, declining the ecliptic, his increase and de- from the level, 231°, representing in crease of declination, and the com- miniature the plane of the ecliptic, parative lengths of days and nights having the zodiacal constellations, at different times of the year on the the twelve signs, and the days of same part of the earth, and at the the month delineated on it. A same time of the year on different pointer, which is attached to the

brass collar in the upper lever, Tastrations, this globe being fur. moves with the levers along the nished with a terminator, a meri- circumference of the board ; it is dian, an horizon, and an hour circle, used in adjusting the globe to a is calculated to solve all problems given day, and in pointing out the usually performed by a Terrestrial sun's longitude for the same. Globe.

The diurnal motion is produced The sun consists of a lamp on by a silk line passing round this Argand's principle, covered by a board, and round a pulley on the hollow sphere of glass roughed like axis within the brass tube.

An the glasses of the chamber-lamps. equal tension is preserved on the This

artificial sun is attached to the line by its extending round a pulley top of a claw-feet pillar by a steel attached to the upper lever, after rod, which is bent near its upper passing the pulley on the axis. This end 23jo from the perpendicular, a line is entirely concealed within a direction which it again resumes, so

small brass tube, which conveys it that the centre of the sun is over the from the board to the axis. The centre of the stand.

globe is furnished with a brass terThe globe is supported by two minator, made a little concave toparallel leavers, both of which more wards the sun, to mark distinctly the round the steel rod as their fulcrum, boundaries of the enlightened hemisthe one on the bent part and the phere, by reflecting light where the other immediately under it. The direct light becomes faint. The suphole in the upper lever for receiving porters of the terminator, which are the bent rod is widened transversely made of strong brass wire, extend above and below, permitting the from the tube containing the axis same side of it to continue upwards; as bigh as the equator, where they and the hole in the lower is widened receive two small pivots fixed into above and below longitudinally, per- its opposite sides. 'From the lower mitting the alternate elevation and part of the terminator, a circular wire depression of its ends. The upper extends 90° upward ; on the top of lever is furnished with a strong which a pointer is fixed, representing brass collar, which fits and moves a central ray from the sun, and inon the bent part of the rod. This col- dicating, his declination, azimath, lar is furnished with two arms from amplitude, and place where he is

a

vertical at a given time. A circular dian, to permit a wire circle to move wire is fixed to the top, and extends within it. 90° downwards behind the globe, The horizon is a brass circle, fixed where it is attached by a vertical with its flat surface towards the piece to the end of the upper lever, globe to the moveable wire circle ; produced till the vertical piece be- consequently it may be adjusted to comes parallel to the piece connect- the latitude and longitude of any ing the levers. This contrivance place, and it will retain its adjustkeeps the face of the terminator to- inent at pleasure. Both terminator wards the sun in all positions of the and horizon are cut to permit their globe.

passing the axis at the south pole ; The meridian is a brass circle at- it is divided into degrees and points tached to the pole, with its flat surface of the compass. The hour circle is towards the globe; it is graduated fitted on the axis below the globe, for finding the latitudes of places, sufficiently stiff to retain its adjustand the sun's declination. A groove ment when set to the meridian of is turned, near the edge of the meri- any place.

OBSERVATIONS ON PALACES.

An immense plain, barrack-look- main front. It is astonishing what ing line of building, with a long an unjustifiable prejudice country barn-like Grecian roof, and a thou- gentlemen in general have against sand windows, in regular rows, stables being very near a house; is called a palace in France and they are always talking about a most parts of Europe; this uniform nuisance they would scarcely ever and heavy taste is colossal at Ver- feel. As the fashion is at present, sailles : it was copied in England in the splendid stables at a distance the royal palaces; even the pictures- often rival the house, and the tra. que Vanburgh adopted it at Blen- veller is as often puzzled to know heim, and also partly in his best which is his object; there are some and lightest work at Castle How- exceptions to this plan, where the ard, in Yorkshire. But, along with stables are attached to the house, extent, a palace should have a splen and the nuisances being inclosed in did variety in the different parts, courts do not offend the eye, and the combined with richness of ornament. owner can look after his horsos In this respect there is a great treat without having to walk a quarter of to the lover of picturesque architec- a mile perhaps in dirty roads. ture at Castle Howard; the magnifi- There have at different times been cent dome and front wings to the abundance of drawings exhibited of south are ornamented with exquisite a proposed palace for our Great skill and variety; the other wings Duke, most of them possessing falling back to the north are less or- merit; but it is much to be wished namented; and the numerous build- that government would offer suffi, ings to the east for domestics are cient rewards for a certain number plainer than the wings ; so that the of the best models and drawings, different parts of the palace may be and let them be collected together said to be emblematic of the family; as an exhibition till one was se from the princely dome to the hum- lected ; models would be infinitely ble apartment of the shoe-boy. Had preferable to drawings, because they the stables been joined, and spread make the eye familiar at once with backwards on the west side of the the proposed building; and, so far as house, as the inferior buildings are general effect goes, a rough model on the east, the whole would have would serve equally well with a looked still more like a palace in more elaborate one; there is both romance, with its numerous donies, taste and talent enongh in the countowers, and turrets : in this manner try, if the apathy of the govern. the inferior buildings contrast with ment on the subject of Fine Arts did the superior parts, while they con- not keep back the proper encou. tribute to the general effect by ragement. spreading and retiring from the

Jack SKETCU.

THE FINE ARTS.

THE DIORAMA.

Can such things be,
And overcome us like a summer's cloud,
Without our special wonder?"

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At this dullest of all dull seasons as old as Methusalem, that impresin London, when, to use the words sion would remain in all its pristine of a lively contemporary, “who vigour. that has ever seen Bond-street in all De Loutherbourg, in every reits gaiety and glitter, in its days of spect an accomplished artist, was clattering hoots and sparkling equi- probably the greatest scene-painter pages, when its centre forms an that ever lived. Not content, howendless line of moving magnificence, ever, with the efforts of his pencil and its gorgeous shops on each side alone, he set about devising a vareflect an ever-changing galaxy of riety of contrivances by which the belles and exquisites, would recog. effects of nature might be reprenise the same place, deserted, silent, sented with more truth and vivacity spiritless, so dull, so dead in look, than had ever before attended any 80 woe-begone,' that it makes one'as imitation of them; and in this obmelancholy as a gib cat or a lugged ject be completely succeeded. His bear,' to take the same walk for five Exhibition, which was originally minutes, which a few months before in Panton-square, not only delighted would in less space of time, have the public at large, but absolutely evaporated the densest spleea, and astonished the whole body of his possessed us with all bright, joy brother artists, with Sir Joshua ous, and spiritual fancies ?” AL Reynolds at their head, who daily this sad and solitary season, when visited his little theatre in crowds. as little is stirring in the world of The ingenious author of an enterart as in the world of fashion, we taining work, lately published,

, actually began to be alarmed lest called "Wine and Walnuts," him we should want a subject for our self an artist of very superior merit, monthly notice of the progress of and possessing general' talents and the Fine Arts, when we were sud- information of the most valuable denly tranquillized by a God-send, kind, was intimately acquainted with in the shape of an Exhibition, called De Loutherboug, and knew all the the Dioraina ; an Exhibition which processes to which he had recourse would be highly interesting at any on the occasion we allude to. He period, but the value of which, to bas described the Eidophusikon so us at least, is increased a hundred happily, and in a manner which acfold by the comparative absence at cords so exactly with our recollecthe present moment of other attrac- tion of it, that we will take the tion of a similar nature..

liberty of extracting a few passages We will not pay our readers so from the chapter of his work in ungracious a compliment as to sup- which the subject is introduced ; pose that many of them are old premising that in the work itself enough to remember De. Louther- those passages are mingled with bourg's Eidophusikon, which was other matter, which, though very exbibited in this metropolis ;-we amusing, is irrelevant to our predecline, for certain personal reasons, sent purpose. to state how many years ago; it is The stage on which the Eido. sufficient to say that we saw it in phusikon was represented, was little our youth, and that the impression more than six feet wide, and about which it made upon our imagination eight feet in depth; yet such was was so strong, that were we now the painter's knowledge of effect Eur, Mag. Oct. 1823.

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