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EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

AND

LONDON REVIEW.

FEBRUARY 1823.

VIEW OF LONDON

AND THE SURROUNDING COUNTRY.

Taken rith mathematical accuracy from an Observatory, purposely erected

over the Cross of St. Paul's CATHEDRAL,

In Four ENGRAVINGS,
By Mr. THOMAS HORNOR,

(Vide Engraving.)

We have seldom entered on a competent idea of the nature of this more gratifying task than this at vast undertaking, so enterprizing in tempt, in our introductory columns, design--so wonderful in execution. to perform the duty which as public In our perusal of the prospectus journalists we owe to society. in (itself a specimen of the author's general; and as men, to an indivi- ability and taste) every succeeding dual in particular. It was well re page unfolded to us new and highly marked," that if any proof were characteristic matter ; we could wanting of the aspiring ambition, have wished he were present to and elevated and extensive views fill up the measure of our intense of the present age,” the arduous curiosity, whether as to his means undertaking now under our conside- of combating obstacles, seemingly ration would certainly supply it; we insurmountable, or ultimately athave, with somewhat of an envious chieving his arduous undertaking. delight, seen notices of Mr. Hor- It seems to us very questionable nor's interesting work in the daily if any human being could embark and weekly prints. We should our on so bold and perilous an enterselves have felt proud of the distinc- prize, where the reward of his suction of being the first to announce a cess was so disproportioned to the publication so purely national. One risk of life and property, unless in so well calculated to excite the just him were united the greatest zeal pride of his own countrymen, and and perseverance with the finest the laudable envy of foreigners; talents. and thus render the boast and glory These seem to have been emiof the one, the attraction and exam- nently conspicuous in the author of ple of the other. As monthly jour. the Panoramic View of London, nalists we are anticipated in this from the original commencement to gratification, but if contemporary the final completion of the work. publishers have so far gained the It is difficult to select any one pas

vantage ground,” we shall supply sage in particular from the prosthe deficiencies of their “ stolen pectus, as embodying more interest march" upon us. Hitherto the no- than another. The contents genetices of the press have been too rally abound with either interesting general to afford to the public any narrative, incidental occurrences, or

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insnlated facts. Without any at- fices, will present to the clergy and tempt, therefore, at preference, we the inhabitants of the different pashall carelessly strew its flowers in rishes a pleasing source of contemour reader's path, as we promiscu- plation. To the stranger, the work ously find them.

will afford a more perfect idea than As a faithful delineation of the could otherwise be given of the mevast metropolis and its vicinity, we tropolis, and its environs, in the may be allowed to compare this most extensive sense of the term ; work to a well drawn and highly while to Englishmen residing in finished portrait, in which every distant regions it will form a pecuresident within the view of St. liarly gratifying memorial of the Paul's, may at once identify his far-famed capital of their country. habitation and property in all their To foreigners it cannot fail to convaried features, by thus contem vey a strong and durable impression plating a fac simile of the original. of the magnitude of its wealth and

We may with equal propriety as power, in the infinite number of its similate Ńr. Hornor's View, in the buildings and the immensity of its correct representation of thousands population; to pourtray the national of houses, in their actual elevation, character in the great extent and to a sort of pictorial map, on which diversity of its establishments, as the inhabitant or stranger may with devoted to religious, scientific, and facility trace the numerous public other patriotic objects; to unfold buildings, the lines of streets and the vast resources of the empire, in squares, and the various avenues the countless traces of its commerce, diverging from them. Or it may its manufactures, and trade; to exstill more appropriately be regarded hibit the productiveness of its public in the character of a domestic pa. revenues, in the grand national spinorama ; and here we shall only do rit of industry and enterprise; and justice to the artist by presenting forcibly to prove the general prosa summary of these manifest uses perity of its multitudinous inhabiof the work in his own words, in- tants, in its various public works verting the very order of his pros- and institutions-sacred to piety and pectus, by giving the last page, (the charity, to literature and the arts. recapitulation of the contents) first; At page 13 of his prospectus, Mr. and an abbreviated account of the Hornor enters into some particulars four views, commencing at page 6. of the commencement, progress, and at the close of our article.

completion of the work. It

appears It is unnecessary to point out, ex he has been several years engaged cept in a very brief way, the claims in executing pictural delineations of which an undertaking of this exten. landed estates, in perspective panorasive nature has on the attention of mio views, where the situation would particular individuals, and of the permit, or in surveys, in which were public in general. Almost every blended adjoining scenery; and havpart has its peculiar and local use, ing practised this style extensively in or some specific interest attached to the neighbourhood of London, he it. By the aid of this work, every gradually formed a collection of surpossessor of property in London or veys and sketches peculiarly availits vicinity will be enabled to point able as materials for a general view out its situation, either directly or of this very interesting district. In in relation to some well known con the course of his professional stutiguous object. The inhabitants of dies, he constructed an apparatus the metropolis will find an infinite by which the most distant and insource of amusement, by tracing the tricate scenery may be delineated various districts, and the avenues, with mathematical' accuracy; and rides, walks, &c. which communi- this machinery he was desirous of cate between them. The lovers of applying to the execution of a work architecture may be interested in for which he considered himself so comparing, at one view, the various amply prepared. The possession of specimens which the public build- the materials, already alluded to, ings whether of ancient or modern naturally induced the artist to select date, exhibit; and the churches in the metropolis and its beautiful enparticular, with other religious edi. virons as the subject for delineatiou ;

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and he was the more confirmed in ment of the apparatus, frequently
this choice from the consideration, exceeded the transient period during
that, although tolerably correct which the object continued visible.
views existed of almost every city The difficulty, also, of connecting
and principal town in the empire, the detached parts thus seized at the
yet only very partial views of Lon most favourable moment was so
Don had hítherto been attempted. great at times, as almost to preclude
Adopting these materials, therefore, the hope of completing the perform-
as the basis of his undertaking, he After a variety of attempts,
passed the whole summer of 1820 the obstacle was at length removed
in the lantern of St. Paul's, imme- by the construction of a comprehen-
diately under the ball, in executing sive key-sketch, which served to
a general view, which from so ele- indicate the precise relation of any
vated a position he was able to particular portion to the general
accomplish with great correctness. View. The remaining dificulties
About the period when the view was were in a great measure obviated by
nearly completed from this point, placing the sketches (about 300 in
preparations were commenced for number) in a rotatory frame, in such
removing the ball and cross; and order that any particular one might
the scaffolding, which excited such be referred to at the moment it was
general admiration as a stupendous required.
and most ingenious structure, was The work being thus in a great
erected. (Vide plate) Impelled by measure executed in minute por-
a wish to avail himself of this un tions, the connecting parts were
expected and singularly favourable from time to time filled up when
opportunity, especially as he had in the unclouded state of the atmo-
the mean time considerably im. sphere permitted. For this reason
proved his apparatus, he obtained it was requisite that the visits to the
permission to erect for it an observa observatory should throughout the
tory, supported by a platform several summer be daily, and at the early
feet above the top of the highest hour of three in the morning, that
part of the present cross; and having the more general operations might
succeeded in fixing the apparatus in proceed before the smoke began to
the interior of the observatory, he ascend. It may here be observed,
commenced a new series of sketches that at no one time is it possible,
on a greatly extended scale, so as however clear the atmosphere, to
to admit the introduction of minute command, from the situation alla-
objects at a distan'e of some miles. ded to, a distinct view of the entire
To effect this, it was found neces- circle of the metropolis; a circum-
sary, from time to time, to adopt stance affording no small stimulus
various contrivances to meet the to perseverance in this work, from
numerous obstacles which opposed the reflection that all the compo-
the progress of the work. In wea nent parts taken respectively, at
ther partially cloudy, portions of the most favourable inoment, would
the scene would be in bright sun form collectively a whole, freed
shine, and others in total obscurity, from all those disadvantages of
producing an incessant alteration smoke or shade by which the real
of light and shade: it therefore scene is ever greatly obscured ; and
became requisite to alter and modify that, without in any degree infring-
the previous arrangements, that ad. ing the fidelity of delineation, Lon-
vantage might instantly be taken of - don might thus be presented to view
the clear light, in any particular under an atmosphere as pure and
part of the entire circle of the View, cloudless as that of Paris or Romne.
and that an immediate transition · At the same time, by its superior
might be made from one sketch to clearness in all the minute details,
another. Trifling as this difficulty as well as in the harmony of its
may at first appear, it gave rise to general effect, this work would claim,
more trouble and anxiety than any à decided preference over the best
other part of the undertaking, since · general views of those cities or any
the time necessarily occupied in others, which seem to be princi-
selecting the particular sketeh, in- pally designed for the display of a
dependently of the requisite adjust- few prominent features, to the ex-

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