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Goldoni wished to visit France, and bleau in 1773, had not the same his desiro was gratified in the follow- success: it was withdrawn, and vei. ing manner. The applause which ther- acted at Paris por published. bis «
Harlequin's Child Lost and His services were required at court Pound," obtained in Paris at the in 1775, to give lessons in Italian to Comédie - Italienne, determined the Mde Clothilde, 'the destined wife first gentlemen of the bed-chamber of the Prince of Piedmont; and he to the King, to request his attend. was afterwards charged with the inance in France for the purpose of struction of Mde Elizabeth, sister restoring the former reputation of to Louis XVI ; but he soon obtained that theatre. Their honorable pro: permission to retire in favour of his posals were accepted, and he arrived nephew. in Paris in 1761. Goldoni had at At length free from all depenthis time composed one hundred and dance, he employed himself in writtwenty different pieces. His pering his memoirs in French, which sonal acquirements, as much as his have been translated into English, reputation as a poet, obtained for by John Black. This work occuhim an introduction to the first pied Goldini three years, and was society of the capital. The reader published in 1787, the author havto Madame la Dauphine, (second ing then attained the age of eighty wife of the Dauphin, father of years. The political events which Louis XVI.) whom he was broke out on the 10th of Aug. 1792, quainted with, presented him to that occasioned him the loss of his penprincess, who placed him in the sion by the suppression of the civil service of the daughters of the King list. Deprived of every resourse, in the situation of reader and Italian and reduced to poverty, he was master. Goldoni, in consequence of attacked with a dangerous disorder, this appointment, renounced comedy, and died the day after a decreeand resigned himself to his new passed the convention restoring his functions. He had apartments in salary. Chenier caused a decree to the Chateau of Versailles, and was pass, allowing his widow, aged seadmitted to all the excursions of venty-six, a pension of 1200 francs, the Court; and, having but very with the payment of what was due short lessons to give to his pupils, to her husband. his dependance was light, and his In his memoirs 'he has given exlife pleasant. Some years after- tracts from, or analyses of all his wards, his services were dispensed plays,and his flexible and produetive with, but he preserved his title and genius has done this in such a lively pension. He was now settled in manner, that we are sure every one Paris, and, being determined to spend would find an infinite source of the remainder of his life in France, pleasure in their perusal. It would resisted the propositions made to him then be seen, with what art, what from Lisbon, London, and Venice, variety, and what superior genius where he was universally regretted. he drew characters, depicted manHis nephew, whom he had brought ners, and caused his readers to with him into France, and whom he participate in the different feelings tenderly loved, obtained a situation, of men of every description. through the Duc de Choiseul, in the We cannot conclude this article military school, as Italian master, without again reminding our readand was afterwards placed in the ers of the just claims, which the War Office. Goldoni had, for some illustrious reformer of Italian cotime; been desirous of increasing medy has to their admiration. Golhis reputation, by writing a French doni, like Moliere, reformed the comedy. The marriage of the theatre of his country, and introDauphin furnished him with a sub- duced manners and characters upon ject, and he composed one in three a stage where nothing previously acts, the Bourru Bienfaisant, which had been represented but farces and was acted in Paris with universal buffooneries. He created characters, applause, on the 4th of November, he observed and depicted with as 1771, and the next day with the much ability as force, the manners, same success at Fontainebleau. the passions, the vexations, and folL'Avare Fustucux acted at Fontaine-lies of men in every situation of life.
foreign and Domestic.
• SUID-SIT PULCHRUM, QUID TURPE, QUID 'UTILE, QUID NON.
Die Wichtigkeit des jetzigen them away. Dr. Muller returned to Griechisch Türkischen Kampfes, &c. Italy, and sent a book to Germany, The importance of the present in which he proves that the Greeks
are not yet ripe for liberty. This struggle between the Greeks and book appeared recently at Leipsick; the Turks considered, as it affects and the official Gazettes of the absothe physical improvement of the in. lute monarchs immediately cut it
into extracts, to prove that they habitants of Burope. By Professor were quite right in slandering the Joerg. 1821.
Happily, such a cause does not There are already in Germany depend either upon a book or an thirty pamphlets upon the war in official gazette ; and for one writer Greece, which really is a great thing who opposes through malice, there in a country where the Austrian
are twenty who, with the noblest Observer proves, that the Turks are sentiments, plead for this unkappy good masters and the Greeks rebels; people. and where they give the professors, Professor Joerg has had recourse who declare in favour of the liberty to new arguments, to induce th of the Hellenists, the charitable ado quiescent Cabinets of his country to vice, either to be silent, or, give take up arms against the Turks: it up their situations. Happily, neis is for the sake of economy and the ther the tender interest of the dust public welfare that he addresses the trian Observer for the Oriental ré- princes and their ministers; he justly gime, nor the weak insinuations of thinks, perhaps, that their conduct sarne petty governments, have pres may be more easily swayed by privented public opinion from declaring rate interests and mercenary considecidedly for the deliverance of the derations, than by any nationaleries descendants of Themistocles and of suffering man. This is one of the Leonidas.
singular arguments made use of by Some of these German advocates this new defender of the Greeks. of liberty are gone to fight in their The Turks, according to their religiranks, others plead the cause of ous system, do nothing to get rid of the appressed in journals and pam- the plague; the neighbouring Chrisphlets. Howerer serious this event tian powers are obliged to maintainmay be, it is accompanied by many at a great expense cordons sanitaires, ridiculous incidents. A Doctor, in spite of which they are always pamed Christian Muller, set out in afraid of the introduction of the 1821, full of enthusiasm for the plague into their States. Now sacred cause of the Hellenists: he would it not be better to expel went to the Ionian Isles, and joined the Turks, that we might have no some English for the purpose of plague to fear, nor cordons to mainbringing a stronger force to the tain? Such is the argument of Proassistance of the struggling Greeks: fessor Joerg, which will have just they disembarked at a port in Pelop, as much effect as any other and no penesus; the Mainates took them for more. If we could be sure, and we Baglish spies, stript them of overy are full of hope, that the Greeks thing from head to foot, and seat could eventually work out their Bur. Mag. Jan. 1823.
deliverance from Turkish slavery, ed to give an account of their rewe should deprecate the interference spective departments. These differof foreign powers in their behälf.
ent accounts presented a display of A conquest of this kind would only immense, national wealth, that no free them from physical to plunge individual, left to himself, could them into moral tyranny. They ever have discovered ; and, in shew. would exchange Turkish despotism ing how greatly a government may for the more lenient and permanent contribute to the progress of science, thraldom of political prejudice and France gave an example which other error. Let them expel from their sa- nations have followed. cred and heroic country the barbarous It is only from such official docutyrants that dishonor it, and then ments that an author, who undermay their leaders look far above takes to give a general description the petty politics of Europe to the of the resources of a country, can NewWorld, and imitate the brightest write with certainty ; authentic facts ornaments of history, Washington are requisite for statistical calculaand Bolivar.
tions ; approximation often leads to gross errors.
But as things yary Beyträge zur Statistik des Preus. from year to year, from day to day, sischen Staats.
and even from hour to hour, these
continual changes ought to be inStatistical Account of the Prus. cessantly watched, and collected with sian Dominions, drawn up from
the closest attention, in order to official Documents. By the Statistic of the internal state of a country.
form a general and complete exposé cal. Committee of Berlin. 4to. pp. This is what the Prussian govern130. 1821.
ment for ten years has caused to be
executed through a statistical office, In no country are statisticks cul- established at Berlin, under the ditivated with more attention than in rection of M. Hoffman. Germany, where this science had its ; All the documents that the admiprofessorship in the universities be
nistrators of provinces and the diffore any other nation had introduced ferent subdivisions send to the gothe word; of German origin, into its
vernment are concentrated in this vocabulary.
office, and are published from time The really astonishing labours of
to time, as the materials accumulate, a Meussel, a Hoeck, a Hassel, a properly digested and arranged. Lichtenstern, a Crome, and others, The work before us is of this de have greatly enriched this branch of scription: it treats, in the first place, human knowledge, and deserve the of the new division of the Prussian more gratitude from the economist, states into government districts, or as these indefatigable Germans had regencies and circles, similar to the no other sources from which they departments and arrondissements of could derive materials for their France. It certainly was not easy, works than those, if we may use in substituting for the ancient chainthe expression, which they had bers a more regular administrative formed with their own hands. Few division, to harmonize-so many hestates, at that time, cared about terogeneous parts in the narrow knowing in detail the extent of their space that forms the Prussian state, riches ; few governments had made, from the frontiers of Russia to those in this respect, exact and continued
of France, and which contains a researches. By degrees the trans- sample of almost all the German lations of some of the German au-, nations. thors, we have just mentioned, arous- By the war of 1806, Prussia lost ed the torpid governments of other the ninth part of her population ; nations. The statistical description but by the peace of 1815, she recoof Germany by Hoeck, which Lucien vered a great part of her losses, and Bonaparte, as Minister of the Inte- aggrandized herself by the acquisirior, caused about twenty years tion of countries which, situated ago to be translated, contributed, upon the Rhine, form, with respect perhaps, to give rise to statistical to statisticks, a striking contrast to researches in France.; for immedi- the barren countries beyond the ately after, the Prefects were order. Vistula.
All the Prussian dominions are toire des Republiques Italiennes du now divided into ten provinces, moyen age,” “Litterature du midi de subdivided into twenty-seven districts of regency, and into three l'Europe," &c. 3 vol. 12mo. 15s. hundred and thirty-eight-circles.
There exist a great many, histoThe surface, not including the lakes, tories which in reality only are is about 4,948 German miles, or tales and romances, and he, who geographical square miles; equiva- would strip Herodotus and Livy of lent to 13,744 square leagues of 25 all that is mixed with fable, would to a degree. The population, in- preserve but few historical truths. cluding the military, amounts to
Good romances; those which de10,976,252, the number of houses, serve their celebrity contain, per
1,570,805. There are 1,027 towns haps, more truth than many hiswhich are divided into four classes. tories remarkable for their antiThose of the first rank are ten in quity, and which we dare not quesnumber, Berlin, Breslau, Dantzick, tion for they are sacred. Cologne, Konigsberg, Magdebourg,
These romances, written by skilStettin, Aix-la-Chappelle, Elberful authors, develop in the characfield, and Barmen. The towns of ters of fictitious personages real the second rank are 133 in number, passions, which live and reign with of which the parts bordering on the the same power, but under different Rhine contain 'twenty-seven, whilst forms, in all ages and in all, counthe three large provinces to the East,
tries. namely, Eastern Prussia, Western
We maintain, then, and we think Prussia, and the province of Posen without a paradox, that philosophy only contain sixteen. The towns searehing for truths will find more of the third class, 401 in number, in Fielding, Smollet, Fontaine, Le are only placed in this 'rank when Şage, and Ceryantes, than in all the population exceeds the number
the histories of the East. It is, of 1,500.' Amongst the 483 towns
however, still more rare to find of the fourth rank there are 244 history and romance proceeding, which have not less than 1,500 inha- from the same author, and, sonuebitants, and the other -239 have
times blended in the same work. even less than a thousand. In the
The severe reason, that proudly, whole Prussian state, according to holds the pen of history, generally the census of 1819, there are 1,332, disdains the brilliant pencil of ro276 horses; 4,275,705 horned beasts;
mantic imagination. It was not, and 9,063,720 sheep. As to the pro
therefore, without an unfavourable ductions arising from land, industry, prejudice that we read a new Rocommerce, and other resources which mance, entituled “ Julia Severa," constitute the riches of the nation, composed by a justly celebrated, they will be exhibited in subsequent dice has been removed by a perusal.
French Historian; but this prejus details, ordered to be published by, of this interesting work. the Prussian government. The volume we now announce is
In the short space of three little only a part of the valuable work volumes, the author has described preparing for publication. The in- so many interesting actions,, has defatigable researcles, the accuracy, painted such a true picture of the the precision, and the extreme care
manners of the times, and traces, which distinguish this first volume, with so original and firm hand reflect equal honour on the Prussian
such varied characters, that this in, government, and the individuals to teresting drama is a complete picwhom this important task has been
ture of manners of the fifth century. intrusted.
The reader will certainly learn from this romance, better than from
history itself, the manners of the Julia Severa ; ou l'an quatre cent
Germans, the Gauls, the ancient Roquatre-vingt douze, &c.
mans, and the savage court of Clovis;
the ambition and policy of the cler· Julia Severa; or the Year Four gy of that period; the vanity, baseHundred and Ninety-two.. By J. Dess, and luxury of the Roman paC. Simonde de Sismondi, author of the misfortunes of the base, but,
tricians, conquered by barbarians; " l'Histoire des Prancais," " L'his. betrayed and oppressed Gauls; and
the ruins of the ancient fariaticism of to preserve them by a prudent nethe Druids, still throwing a ray of gociation from the vengeance of the light from the dark forests of Hel- Francs, and from inexitable destrucvetia.
tion. He arrives at the house of “ The Romance / Row present to Numerianus, Count of Orleans the publie,” says M. de Sismondi, one of those men whose foolish va"is designed to describe the state of mity, raised them to heaven, and the Ganls at the time of the inva- who think there can be mo change sion of Clovis: it is the frait of in the world while they possess many my researches and labours in pro- Hatterers and slaves ; a whole cenviding the materials for the first tury might glide away without bevolumes of The History of the ing perceived by such men. CharFrench. The historian is obliged tres had just been pillaged by the to live, as it were, in the age he Francs, and the Count of Orleans, intends to describe ; which is not was still ignorant of it! required of the writer of romance. This folly and weakness, wben. If I had bad no other intention than such great dangers were impendto describe the year 492, I should ing, sadly recalled to the memory of not certainly have read • Gregory of Florentius the late catastrophe that Tours' three times over, or grown befell the inbabitants of Treves, the pale over all the chronicles, all the capital of Ganl, who had been lately codes of laws, and all the lives of surprised by the Francs while they the saints of that period. An his were enjoying the games at the torian only has occasion to acquire circus. But he vainly endeavoured that knowledge of ancient times, to call the attention of the Count which enables an author to write to this disagreeable intelligence, a Romance founded on the events Our readers would follow us with of a distant age. The manners and pleasure to the cave of the cruel the opinions, which I have drawn, Lamia, priestess of Pan, and witness will be aknowledged by a good an- the nocturnal celebration of the tiquary to belong to that age. ancient rites of that god in the
Our narrow limits, will not permit midst of a desert. Their curiosity as to give the varied and numerous would not be less rewarded by quotations, necessary to convey a, transporting themselves with us to just idea of the many original and the episcopal palace of Volusianus, diversified descriptions which the bishop of Tours: or in reading speauthor abounds in; such as that of cimens of the magnificence, the ambithe patrimony of a senator resident tion, the daring and the artful policy. in Gaul, at the end of the fifth cen- of the churcbmen, who accepted the tury; a camp of veterans; one of protection of the pagan Clovis, ra. those daygeons called ergastula; in ther than be governed by the Arian which the rich patricians shut up princes : the intrigues of the monks, their pamerous glaves, Wisigoths, their false miracles, the ridiculous Vandals, Francs, Germans, and scenes in which these subaltern ecBurgundians; and all the rich clesiastics bore a chief part; the scenes in which is shewn the pride of mixture of their, pedantic learning the higher classes, indulging in vo with the most puerile superstition laptuousness and luxury, in dreams and the basest flattery, which was of past grandeur, and giving them- but a mask to conceal their vile and selves up in the midst of ruins, and perfidious conduct. upon the edge of a fearful precipice, We wish we bad space for a to all the fatal illusions of power and short description of the court of effeminacy. A few examples would the young and savage conqueror of be sufficient to prove that the au. - Gaul. There we should see a lively thor is not inferior to the most ce- contrast between the rusticity and inlebrated writers of romance in the dependence of the victorious Francs, art of depicting character.
and the low pride of the subjugated After having introduced Felix Romans; and also the able conduct Florentius, a Roman worthy, a reu of Clovis displayed, in the treatment lation, pupil, and companion in arms of his own followersy to his ' new of the famous emperor Majorian; sabjects. the author follows him in a journey These quotations, though short, uudertaken to save the Armoricans, would be sufficient to shove the