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and says, that this persecution as- where his power is limited by the

a jesuitical character; constitution. It will be asked how particularly since the government, the author dared to reveal these to prevent the young Hungarians truths: it will be seen by the title from frequenting the excellent Ger- that his work appeared at Leipsic, man Universities, has founded, or and we have since learnt that it was pretended to found, two Protestant not published till after his death. Universities in Hungary. Prosely- M. de Berzeviczy died in February, tism penetrates even into public in- 1822; he was the author of two struction, and the author fears there other works upon Hungary, De is an intention to destroy, if possible, commercio et industria Hungarie. the envangelical church in Hungary. Published at Leutchau in 1797, and

He maintains that in the other De indole et conditione Rusticorum Austrian States, where the Em- in Hungaria, without date, in 8vo. peror is absolute, the Protestants are and also two German works upon less tormented than in Hungary, the commerce of Europe.


Fables for the Holy Alliance. The Naval History of Great Britain

Rhymes on the Road, &c. By from the year 1783 to 1822. By Thomas Brown, the Younger. Edward Pelham_Brenton, Esq. 12mo, pp. 198. London, 1823. Captain in the Royal Navy. 4

vols. 8vo. London, 1823. It is so foreign to our hahits to review any party or even political A work like that which we have work, unless it relates to general now the pleasure of noticing may principles of political science, or un- obviously be intended either to excite less it involves facts and questions the bravery and emulation of future which may effect our national his- naval officers, or may be designed to tory, that we cannot review the afford to the general reader that volume now before us, or notice it strong degree of interest which men otherwise than in very general terms. always take in authentic histories of The fables display a rich vein of personal bravery and adventure ; it light satire, and they exbibit great may even assume a higher characvivacity of manner, with consider- ter, exhibiting the whole science able brilliancy of imagination. The of naval warfare, with the effect of union of these qualities, with the naval operations upon the security mellifluous nature of the verse, and prosperity of kingdoms, and clearly points out the real author of upon the international policy of the the volume. We run no risk of civilized world. These three objects error in pronouncing that there is of a naval history are by no means but one poet now living who could incompatible, and accordingly Caphave composed either these Fables, tain Brenton has endeavoured to or the “Rhymes on the Road." unite them in the work which he Some of them are in this eminent has now presented to the public. author's best style; and although This ģentleman from his profesthe wit and elegance of the vo- sional experience, from his opporlume cannot fail to render the tunities of arriving at many facts work a source of amusement to even by his acquaintance with the actors the most illiberal of the opposite in the scenes he describes, and from party, we

cannot ourselves but his access to the papers of, exceptregret, that such high qualities of ing one, the greatest naval characthe poetic temperament should be ters, has been able to produce an indevoted to any subject so ephemeral valuable work, combining the most in its nature, or so partial in its lively and intense amusement with application. A poet sike Mr. much of information most important should write for posterity and for to every class of readers. mankind. It is evident that the We think Captain Brenton what old latin adage, non generant aqui. may be called pretty fair, generally columbas, is not always true. speaking, in his strictures upon


naval characters and events; but we the general policy of Great Britain, look sometimes in vain for those and we, therefore, conclude our restrong terms of reprobation with view by bearing testimony to the which, as an historian and a patriot, merit with which this gentleman has he ought to brand many of those in- recorded the history of his profesdividuals, who, during the American sion, during the most eventful period and the succeeding wars, were la- of our national existence. mentably deficient in their professional zeal or courage; nor does he Description of the Ruins of an ancient sufficiently stigmatize that scandal- Citydiscovered near Palenque, ous perversion of principle, which, in Guatemala, in Spanish America. within the period of his history, was Translated from the Spanish. 4to. but too often displayed by the exe- pp. 128. London, 1823. cutive government to the great injury of our country. On this prin- This work is dedicated, with perciple we read his account of the mission, to Lord Holland, a noblenaval campaign in the Channel, in man' so distinguished in literature 1794, with diminished satisfaction. in general, and particularly in the Surely something strong should literature of Spain, that the prefixhave been said of the Captain of the ture of his name is a sufficient guaCæsar, of the spirited and patriotic rantee for the authenticity of the Major of marines, who brought him original Spanish documents, of to a court-martial, and of the highly which this work professes to be a reprehensible conduct of the ad- translation ; and the critic is, thereministration in shielding the guilty, fore, left only to the task of examinor at least in negatively oppressing ing into the nature of these ruins, and the guiltless. From personal and into the sagacity of the speculations professional knowledge we that have been formed upon their venture to say, that the conduct of discovery. the Rear-Admiral in not intercept- Guatemala is a narrow mountaining the return ships into Brest, after ous tract of country, about 100 miles the battle of the first of June, might broad, and 400 miles long, situated have been more strongly stated. on the western shores of the Isthinus Surely some term of horror might of Darien, and consequently washed have been expressed at the treat- by the Pacific Ocean. It is very ment of the crew of the Hermione, subject to earthquakes, and the as well as upon the needless severity capital of the province was destroyof executing the mutineers so long ed by these convulsions of nature after a crime to which they had in 1751, and again in 1773, when been stimulated by such dreadful the Spanish government built a ill usage. The dignity of history capital, about twenty-five miles disis rather sunk by the social mention tant from the site of the former city. of sirnames, without the rank or Several ruins having been rechristian names of the parties. Some ported to exist near Palenque, a parts of the history might, we ap- city on the Isthmus, and on the prehend, be curtailed with advan- Micol, a river emptying itself into tage.

the Bay of Campeche, the Cabinet But the merits of the work are of Madrid, on the 15th May, 1786, very considerable, and the interest issued an order for the exploring of which a perusal of it excites is in- these objects of antiquarian retense and varied. To support our search, and the execution of these opinion we need but refer to the ac- instructions were intrusted to a Capcount of the mutinics of the Bounty tain Antonio del Rio, of whose reand Hermione, and of the general port to government on the subject mutiny of the navy, of the actions we have now a literal translation. between the Nymph and Cleopatra, Captain del Rio found a line of or of the Ruse de Guerre so ad- road extending half a league, and mirably practised by Captain Hood covered with ruins, at the extremity in the Juno.

of which, on an elevation, were Our limits prevent our entering situated the remains of fourteen at any length into Captain Brenton's stone houses, the most dilapidated views of continental affairs, and of of which were sufficiently perfect to have their apartments discernable. mented by stucco figures of females The most considerable of these build- with children in their arms, in demi. ings stands in a rectangular area of relief. All these fourteen build. 450 yards by 300, and on a mound ings were of great similarity in their twenty yards high; it is surrounded architecture, and analogous in the by the remaining thirteen ruins. arrangement and distribution of The fragments of stone buildings their compartments. Captain del viewed from this spot extend in a Rio indulges in very little conjec, line E. and W. near eight leagues, ture, and broaches no theory or and trom N. to S. not more than hypothesis relating to his discovehalf a league. Under the chief ries, but has confined himself simply building are the remains of a sub

to reporting facts, and giving liteterranean stone aqueduct of great ral and linear descriptions of these solidity, and at a distance of twenty vestiges of antiquity. leagues to the South are similar Captain del Rio's report is dated ruins, in one of which the friezes, June 24, 1787, and in 1794, a with statues and figures in relief, Doctor Paul Felix Cabrera, of the are still in good preservation ; eight city of New Guatemala, published a leagues to the North are other ex- treatise on these discoveries of the tensive ruins, and the whole line of Spanish officer, in which he endeacountry, on the interior borders of

vours to prove a connexion anciently Campeche, bears evident marks of existing between the Americans former population by a people ad- and the Egyptians, and other peovanced in civilization. But the prin- ple of our hemisphere. Our Spanish cipal building near Palenque is an doctor, like all theorists, has no architecture rude and massive, and notion of stopping half way in bis resembling the gothic. The en- ocean of deductions; for he not trance on the East is by a portico only tells us that he has solved the thirty-six yards long and three grand problem of the aborigines, broad, supported by rectangular or first population of America, but pillars, or rather isolated pilasters, he informs us who were the first without base or pedestal, with mas- inhabitants of Mexico, and precisely sive architraves, ornamented by a when they first arrived, &c. &c. species of shield, and over this ar- Virgil tells us, Felix qui potuit chitrave, between two of the pilas- rerum cognoscere causas,

1 and if ters, there is extant a frieze of five he speaks truth, the antiquaries feet long by six broad. Between must be a most happy class of genthe windows, some of which are tlemen, for no objects of antiquity square and others in the form of a can be discovered that dozens of Greek cross,

are medallions con- causes do not follow in rapid succestaining beads and other devices. sion, and, although contradictory, Beyond the portico is a square the greater part of them are always court, entered by seven steps, and given in the ex cathedra form. on the south side of which are re- Doctor Cabrera is a faithful Camaining four small chambers with tholic, but he thinks it consistent out ornament. There is another to give us a broad assertion (page court and a tower of sixteen yards 26), that the scriptures are a high, with an interior tower and a cord of superstitions, idolatries, and fight of steps leading to the sum- other errors repugnant to true remit. There are very

ligion." Now, with Hamlet, “ we devices on various parts of the hold it not honesty to have it thus building, all in relief, and generally set down," and least of all by one in medio relievo, many of them possessing the degree of doctor. grotesque and therefore probably Following this assertion we have intended to represent their deities. pages of reasoning too contemptible The blocks of stone composing the for us to notice; and although the building were generally very large, problem of the first population of being sometimes seven or eight feet America has been declared by the long by abont four feet broad. A

greatest authors to be second building examined by Cap- theory, elucidated by no histories, tain del Rio had a saloon of sixty manuscripts, nor traditions of the feet long by ten feet broad, orna- American tribes, the doctor, on a





host of assumed or perverted data, contour both of face and of body and by a chain of reasoning that different from any race that we have could prove any thing and every yet been made acquainted with ; but thing, comes to a positive conclu- how is it possible to tell whether sion that the Americans are derived these figures were good or bad from the Egyptians, Carthagenians, representations of a people who Jews, &c. &c. that the ancient At- have left no other records of their lantis was no other than the island existence, or whether they might of Hispaniola, and, in short, so won- not have been capricious personificaderfully successful has this Doctor tions of their objects of worship. Paul Felix Cabrera been in his his. On such subjects all is vague contorical and antiquarian researches, jecture, and it is idle to speculate that he has even given us a chrono- on such uncertain data. The origin logical table, containing all the of the human race is beyond the Mexican Kings from 291 years to powers of the human faculties to 34 years before Christ. We will discover, and it is no mark of wis. not insult our readers by saying dom to inquire into that which, any thing further of the part of from the nature of the human mind, this volume which relates to Doctor it is abstractedly impossible for us Cabrera, who exhibits a strong to ascertain. Sufficient is it for us proof of the mischief done to so- to know that the great object of ciety by rearing men to a religion, our being made is, to modify our which can be supported only by thoughts and conduct so as to proineans of training the mind to the duce the greatest possible sum of perversion of its ratiocinative and happiness to society, with the least other faculties.

quantity of evil. The report and graphic illustrations of these antiquities by Cap- Matins and Vespers, with Hymns, tain Antonio del Rio are well and occasional devotional Pieces. worthy of the attention of the cu- By John Bowring, 12mo. pp. 255. rious, but his discoveries do not London, 1823. appear to us to throw the smallest light upon the problem of how If the volume before us were of America first became inhabited by less merit, or even devoid of any the human species; they merely pretensions to public favour, any establish that cities and populous literary censures ought to fall radistricts existed formerly on the ther on ourselves and on other borders of Campeche, and that their critics than upon Mr. Bowring; inhabitants were not identically the for the high degree of praise wbich same people as those whom the we, in common with others, beSpaniards, on their arrival, found stowed upon this gentleman for his in such power in other parts of translations in his « Russian AnthoMexico. Writers on such subjects logy” was calculated to act as have the absurd habit of selecting stimulus to any person to put forth two istant nations, ind tracing his powers in original composition. some resemblance in their ancient These matins, vespers, and hymns customs, manners, religions, and breathe a fervid spirit of piety and civil architecture, they draw the devotion, but we doubt whether inference that one must have been they will do more than sustain the descended from the other, forgetting reputation that Mr. Bowring has that such resemblances merely prove acquired by his preceding works. the general analogy of our animal Considering the prodigious number nature; and that man, under similar of forms of almost every possible stages in the scale of civilization, description, which men of every dewill have analogous institutions, gree of talent have devoted to the and analogous objects both of orna- subject of religious worship, it is ment and of convenience, although obvious that it is almost impossible these may be all modified differently for any person compose

a volume by various contingent circumstances. of this description without repeat

The human figures copied by edly recurring to ideas and to Captain del Rio all bear a resem- figures which have been before preblance to each other, and have a sented to the public, or without



frequently varying from himself whilst others recall to our recollecmore in form of expression than in tion the psalms in the sacred vosubstance of thought. It is for lume. Who is there that will not these reasons that the little volume have such associations created in now before us bears no impress of his mind by the following lines :novelty, and even in those compositions which most evince Mr. Bow- 6 How shall I praise Thee, Lord of ring's powers of intellect, and dis- Light, play his usual strength and elegance,

How shall I all thy love declare." we often meet with ideas that have

“ Come hither, spirit, come, they say." been made familiar to us by preceding authors, or which we have “ The Heavens, O Lord, Thy power before seen in the present volume, proclaim, either in other forms, or in forms And the earth echoes back thy name ; but little varied from what may Ten thousand voices speak thy might, be immediately under our cogni. And day to day, and night to night." zance. But Mr. Bowring's good sense and candour are commensurate

“ How sweet to think of him, how with his intellectual superiority,

sweet for in his preface he acknowledges in his blest pro

To hold with him communion meet, having taken much from foreign

ence to rejoice." authors, and to this praise we may

But the recurrence of the same add that his devotional feelings are

ideas in different, and not very diffar from proscriptive or circumscrib. ed by any spirit of sect, or attach

ferent language is almost endless, ment to creed or religious theory; instances :

we shall mention but one or two they breathe the feelings of general piety to the Godhead, and are such P. 60.-" No distance can outreach thy as every denomination of christians

eye, may join in with equal zeal and No night obscure thy endless sincerity.

day,” &c. There is a matin and a vesper for

P. 155,-“ Darkness deep, or distance

wide, every morning and evening of a

Cannot man from God divide.". week in spring, in summer, in an

P. 60.-No night of sorrow can contumn, and in winter, and after which

ceal we have about sixty pages of hymus Man from thy notice, from thy and light devotional pieces.

care.” We have thus already passed our judgment in general terms upon We have just quoted, the volume, and it remains for us only to support that judgment by a 6 How sweet to think of him, how few opinions in detail, or by giving sweet, a few references to particular pieces, To hold with him communion meet." or a few quotations from particular in page 107 we have again; passages. We must only here express our satisfaction in acknow

u In such an hour as this how sweet, Jedging that every merit of the

To hold with Heaven communion work is peculiarly to be attached to

meet.” the author, whilst its defects are solely to be attributed to his course But in spite, if we may use the having been so frequently traversed term, of the ground having been before.

worn out before him, Mr. Bowring's In elucidation of this remark we genius has made many of his pieces may refer to the first matin (page 3), attractive and pleasing; the followwhich the author has rendered im- ing is simple and pretty: pressive, but which yet does not

4 When the arousing call of morn contain a single idea that has not

Breaks o'er the hills, and day new been before us repeatedly, or which born is not obvious to every educated Comes smiling from the purple east, person. Many of the pieces asso- And the pure streams of liquid light ciate the mind immediately to some Bathe all the earth - renewed and of Addison's most celebrated hymns, bright, Eur. Mag. May, 1823.


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