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QrID 81T PULCHRUM, QUID TURPE, QUID UTILE, QUID NON,
Dictionnarie des Ouvrages Anony ples on this subject, when he wrote mes et Pseudonymes.
his Encyclopedical Annals, at least
with respect to living authors. CerDictionary of Works, written in tainly if an author had confided a French and Latin, by anonymous
secret of this nature to us, we should and fictitious Authors.
consider it a great fault to revea! Barbier. Second Edition, en it; but, as most anonymous authors larged.
conceal their names through mo
desty, or for reasons of personal conThere are few persons who have venience, it would not be necessary met with a volume in a library or to impose silence on the bibliograbook-stall, either curious in itself or pher with respect to a name he was interesting to him in whose hands it made acquainted with, either through has chanced to fall, and have not the indiscretion or premeditated inanxiously wished to discover the tention of the author himself. anonymous or fictitious author. There are, undoubtedly, some exEvery writer is unwilling to quote a ceptions to be made, which a little book while he is ignorant of the judgment and reflection will point name of its author, especially as out; but here, as in every thing else, the mention of that name would give general interest is to be consulted, to his writings an air of erudition, though it may be inconvenient to a which at once satisfies self-love, and few persons, for they owe this adds to the confidence and pleasure inconvenience only to themselves. of the reader.
When M. Barbier's book-first apThis serves to shew that a diction
peared in 1806, and in the followary of this kind ought to rank with ing years, it had great success and those historical and biographical was frequently consulted. Indeed, dictionaries so much in request, even it is now almost impossible to write in the most confined libraries. The upon literary history or bibliograDictionary of anonymous authors phy in France without consulting it. informs us who is the author of any A new edition has been long wished book we may wish to purchase, and for, and it is now published with the by knowing that, we may find out alterations and additions which time in a good historical Dictionary the and strict attention could suggest. degree of esteem due to his morality, A new arrangement and some parlearning, or wit.
ticular circumstances have made it We say nothing to bibliographers necessary to suppress some parts, and bibliopolists, because they know which, perhaps, some readers may the names of many anonymous au seek for in the first edition, and thors, and confess that there are which will probably raise the price many of which they are entirely of it. But the additions and alteraignorant, and appreciate the utility tions are incomparably the most nuof M. Barbier's work.
merous and important, so that M. It has been disputed whether it is Barbier has good reason to say right thus to make known an author “ that he presented the public who wishes to remain anonymous. rather with a new work than a new The late M. Millin had many scru edition."
A Dictionary of anonymous ay. supplied M.Barbier with the subjects thors cannot be composed like any of many of his most curious articles. other bibliographical work. Indeed The history of the Encyclopedists it is not always by trouble and en would have been but very little quiry that an anonymous author known, without the assistance of our can be discovered. His name is often Bibliographer. In the article, Conrevealed by chance.
sessions du Comte de
(by M. Barbier has been thirty years Duclos) there is a note in which in collecting and classing materials inost of the works of this academifor his work. In journals, in literary cian are disputed; it terminates with histories, in the royal and national the following paragraph. He (Dulibraries, in manuscript notes made clos) had kept his bed for some in the author's copies or ex dono; days; he was considered as one of and particularly in the catalogue of the unbelieving philosophical Encythe Abbe Goujet's library, à va. clopedists. His death is not spoken luable manuscript in the posses-ot, having nothing remarkable in it. sion of M. Barbier, he discovered. The short period of his sickness almost of the names; others have been lowed him to escape from the world communicated to him by D.Chaudon, without noise or scandal, M. Bouilliot, L. Tb. Herissant, M. The cum privilegio Regis, and the Boulard, his nephew M. Barbier, approbation of the censors, naturally and by M. Van Thol, a Dutchman attracted the attention of M. Barbier; and son of a librarian who, for a particularly the last, whose ridicu, long time, had employed himself in lous reputation has passed from compiling a Dictionary similar to the library to the salon. What this of M. Barbier ; the publication Frenchman does not recollect the of which, together with the advan- good censor, who, having read the ced age of M. Van Thol, induced translation of the Coran, found nohim to give his notes to M. Bar- thing in it contrary to faith and good bier, who has marked them when- morals ? Louis IV. once condeever he made use of them with the scended to the office of censor, when initials V. T.
Madame de Maintenon published The second edition, like the first, her work, called L'Esprit de l'instiis preceded by a preliminary dis tute des filles de Saint Louis, (the course, which is republished without ladies of Saint Cyr). The royal apalteration, but with new notes. probation is expressed in these sin
The author first treats of the na- gular terms. ture and object of his work, and “I have read this treatise, which the cause and inconvenience of neg. perfectly explains my intentions in lecting to inquire into the names of the founding the House of St. Louis, I authors of anonymous works in the beartily pray to God that the ladies last century; then he mentions the may never leave it. Signed Louis." principal works upon anonymous and A privilege equally curious, though fictitious authors; and the necessity of a different kind, was granted to of a new work to facilitate their dis, Laurent Etienne Rondet, son of a covery; he afterwards enumerates printer; who, at the age of seven the principal works he has consulted, years and a half, performed the office and the names of those persons to of compositor in the printing of whom he was indebted for valuable the Hebrew Grammar of Nicholas information. This useful discourse Henry. is full of curious literary history. This Dictionary also contains After having explained the plan and some political anecdotes, for what utility of M. Barbier's work, it now is there in which politics cannot be remains to us to glean a few facts introduced ? For example: a person from his numerous pages, wbich named Helot, author of a book enmay inspire our readers with a wish titled L'Escole des filles, was hanged to read the whole that they, as well in effigy for it ; copies of his book as ourselves, may derive pleasure were burnt at the foot of the gallows, and information from it.
and the bookseller was condemned The works of the Baron Holbach to a severe punishment. The author of Diderot, Freret, Boulanger, and also mentions a young man, named of all of this school and coterie, have Charles le Petit, who was caught
printing impious and libertine songs. new edition, with great changes,
Songs which could not be printBoileau makes this tragical event ed, and which my censor ought not the subject of the following lines: to pass over. (by Collé) 1984, in
12mo." A la fin, tous ces jeux que l'atheisme
It would be easy to make a large elève
collection of these books, which very Conduisent tristement le plaisant a la grève.
often have nothing remarkable in
them but the titles. For example : About a century after, in 1763, the we had occasion to read the Catafamous Wilkes published an Essay racts of the Imagination, and can upon women : the English ministers, assure our readers, that this whimLord Halifax and Egremont, who sical title conceals only detached had some reasons to hate the author, pieces of literature and philosophy seized the work as obscene, but of very moderate quality, and which were condemned by the English the lowest publications would be Jaws to pay £4000 damages. The ashamed of. present laws relative to the press in We shall return to M. Barbier's France condemn to long imprison. work when he publishes his other ments, and heavy pecuniary penal- volumes. ties.
Whimsical titles, or subjects for books are now out of fashion; at the Ueber die Bildung der Egyptischen time when they were a means of suce Gottheiten, cess, many authors distinguished themselves in this way. The follow. On the Egyptian Divinities, by A. ing are specimens of this species of Hirt. wit.
“Essay upon the Natural History of This treatise, forming a part of some species of Monks, described in the memoirs of the Academy of Berthe manner of Linneus; translated Jin, but which is sold separately, is from the Latin, by John Anti-monk, very interesting. It was not till (Broussnet) at Monachopolis, 1784, after the French expedition' into 8vo.
Egypt, as Mr. Hirt observes, that " An Eulogium upon Something, we could appreciate the immense dedicated to Somebody, with a sing. variety of objects represented by the ing Preface, (by Coquelet.) Paris, nonuments of that country. 1730, in 12mo.
The author, already known by his “ An Eulogium on Nothing, dedi- researches on this subject, and parcated to Nobody, with a post-face; ticularly by a dissertation upon the third edition, little revised, not at all construction of pyramids, is now corrected, and augmented with seve. endeavouring to discover upon the ral nothings (by Coquelet). Paris, monuments, the images and cha1730, in 12mo.
racters which distinguish Egyptian "An Eulogium upon Minetto Bat- divinities. toni, the Pope's tom-cat, (Benedict He has taken Herodotus as his IV.) in its life time, and first so- guide; and, indeed, this historian is prano of its little concerts, (by Count supposed to have attained to greater Rivaro) Felsonte, 1795, in small 4to. knowledge in Egyptian theogony
“Cataracts of the Imagination, than any other author; but he gives Deluge of the Scribomania, Lite to the seventeen gods, worshipped in rary Vomitings, Encyclopedical He- Egypt, greek panies. morrhage, Monster of Monsters, M. Hirt thus enumerates the gods by Epimenides the inspired, (attri- and goddesses - Ist. Latona (Buto.) buted to Massagnon, son of a grocer In the monuments she is only to be at Lyons.). In the Cave of Tropho recognised by her attributes. 2nd. nius, in the Country of Visions, Pan (Mendes). There is only one 1779, 4.vols..in 12mo
monument as yet discovered where “ Joyous Songs, given birth to he is represented with goat's-feet, by un âne anymconissime, (by Collé) as mentioned by Herodotus. 3d.
Jupiter, (Amun.) The naked parts is generally seen armed with a whip; are painted blue in a monument at with a hat and feathers on his head, Philae : which agrees with what is holding keys and the Phallus. M. said by Eusebius in lis Evangelical Hirt thinks Serapis is the same, preparation. The sacred vessel of this Several monuments record his suf. god is often seen, from which M. Hirt fferings and his reign in the in infers, perhaps rashly, that the Am- fernal regions. 2nd. Isis-Ceres, wife monians were a colony of Thebans, and sister of Osiris, and divides with 4th. Vulcan (Phta) According to He- him the infernal empire; as prerodotus the Egyptians represent him siding over the destinies of Egypt, under the figure of a dwarf, and the she is represented sitting and holding monuments have many things simi- Horas upon her kness. She has lar to it. 5th. Helios (Phré): The near her cow's horns, and above her son of Vulcan, with a fàlcon's head. head is the star Schis. 3rd. Horus: There are a great many figures Apollo, also called Aroeris, Arveris, of this kind, but it is impossible and Harpocrates : there are some they can all relate to Helios, who is remains of his temple at; Hermonoften confounded with Osiris and this; he was worshipped as a child, Horus. 6th. Luna. It is difficult to or as a young man surrounded by distinguish her from Isis and from divers attributes; the Augur's wand Bubastes. 7th. Minerva, (Neith.) and whip belong to bim, as particiWe can only form conjectures upon pating in the judgment of the dead; the images which represent her; it sometimes he has a falcon's head, appears that in the hieroglyphick 4. Diana-Ilithaja, Bubastis : she has language she is indicated by the a temple in the city of this name; Scarabeus. . 9th. Venus, (Athyr.) the cat is consecrated to her ;-shę The cow was consecrated to her, presides over births, and protects and there are in the temple of Ten- the infernal regions. 5th. Typhon; tyris images of this goddess, who the ass, the crocodile, and the Hipmust not be confounded with Isis. potamus, are consecrated to him; These are the eight original divi- he has a temple at Tentyris, and is nities; the four following may be often seen united to Horus. -M, said to form a part of their poste. Hirt has added to the end of his rity. "Ist. Hercules, (Chon) son of work several dissertations on the Amun. It cannot be said with cer- propogation of the Egyptian myster tainty that bis image is on the ries, and on objects relating to the Egyptian monuments; yet it seems ancient and modern civilization of that he sometimes appears under the Egyptians. the forms of a Cabire; a hero, and even as a human figure, with the head of a lion. 2nd. Mars, particalarly worshipped at Papremis. Die Hymnen des Orpheus griechisch M. Hirt has recognised him in
und Deutsch. several bas-reliefs in the temple of Tentyris ; this god is often covered The Hymns of Orpheus, in Greek and with a lion's mask. 3rd. Anubis, and German. I'ranslated into verse represented under the form of a dog, of the same metre as the original. with pointed ears and a long snout; By Charles Philip Dietsch. 8vo. he is often seen with other gods, 1822. but sometimes occupied in the preparation of a mummy, and still It has been long acknowledged as oftener employed in the Judgment a true axiom in philology, that the of souls. 4th. Thoth. (Theut) to poems attributed to Orpheus do not whom the Ibis is consecrated is belong to that divine poet, but are represented with the head of this the production of poets who lived bird, and holds a sceptre, and keys. after him. And it must be owned The judgment of souls is one of that, if in their time nature would his attributes. Anubis and Thoth are not allow trees and rocks to quit both called Hermes by the Greeks. their places, in order to follow ap After these four divinities, are five harmonious lyre, the songs they more recent. Ist. Bacchus-Osiris : he have left us in Orpheus's name were
not fitted to extend the empire of and that a prose translation would the marvellons at the expense of the he very unsatisfactory. The queslaws which govern the world. How tion is decided, poets require poets to ever, we do not mean to infer that translate them; prose is incapable of the hymns attributed to Orpheus rendering the graces of their compobave no intrinsic literary value. sition, and nothing remains of those
The collection is valuable for the majestic songs which interest the study of mythology and philosophy. reader and inspire him with enthusiWritten in a time when the tradi. asm:and, what is very extraordinary, tions of Orpheus were believed, it the more faithful the translation is, has changed its form; but the founda. the more it degenerates in beauty tions of the doctrines are preserved. and approximates to vulgar parody. Onomacrites, generally thought to The Germans are more happy; Hobe the author of a great part of the mer and Virgil, Pindar and Horace works of Orpheus, was contempo. may be read without knowing Greek rary with Hipparcus, who expelled or Latin. To these M. Dietsch has him from Athens. Thus, though now added Orpheus; and Germany, fictitious, the works of Orpheus for the first time, beholds a poetical are not anterior to the chefs- translation of these poems.
M. d'oeuvres which antiquity has left us. Dietsch has dedicated his work to The French language will not admit that indefatigable poet, M. Voss, of any exact imitation of ancient who has translated 'Homer, Virgil, compositions; the best translations Theocritus, Hesiod, and, recently, give but'avery imperfect idea of them. Aristophanes. Several hymns were
It often happens that the images imitated by M. Voss before M. of the author give place to those Dietsch translated them. He found that the translator thinks it con great assistance in the works of venient to substitute ; or, rather, he Tobler, Kosegarten, Herder, Clu: yields to the necessity of adopting dius, Follenius, and Schwenk. The others, because he cannot include in Greek text agrees with that of Herthe same space a corresponding mann with a few exceptions which number and extent of thoughts. are justified in the preface. Hence arise circumlocutions, sup We remarked but few things to pressions, and miserable sentences, find fault with in the translation, which not only load the text with though we should have admired a superfluous words, but often entirely little more perspicuity. These faults alter the sense of the author. The are slight and cannot detract from poems bearing the name of Orpheus the merit of a book that contains are those which present the most so much that is excellent; for there difficulties; and we even venture to are some lines rendered with asto. assert that they cannot be versified, nishing precision.
The Loves of the Angels. A Poem. distinguished individual if, from the
By Thomas Moore. London. judgment of the critics, he were to 1822. 8vo. pp. 148.
consult that tribunal of the public
to which many are more disposed to However highly critics of emi pay implicit obedience that to the nence may speak of three or four dicta of the learned, or to the elaprincipal poets of the present day, borate disquisitions of professional there is not one in whose praise they writers: for there is no living auhave been more unanimous and de- thor from whom a projected work cided than in that of the author of is anticipated with more anxiety, and the poem now before us, and our whose productions are sought after country can not boast a contempo- with greater avidity by readers of rary name more highly esteemed by taste and refinement. 'Our critics foreigners than that of Mr. Moore. have ventured to predict that there The meed of immortality may be yet
are but four or five of our contemmore confidently anticipated by this porary writers whose fame will