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Then thro' the narrow opening of a rock
Then shalt thou dwell with me for ever-here.
SKETCHES OF POPULAR PREACHERS.
(Continued from page 144.)
THE VERY REY. ROBERT HODGSON, D.D.
The Rev. R. Hodgson is the tinctness of his enunciation in some Dean of Carlisle, Rector of St. measure atones for his custom of George's Hanover Square, and Vicar lowering his voice towards the conof Hillingdon, near Uxbridge. The clusion of a sentence, till it is inmost striking feature in the preach- audible at a distance. He reads the ing of Dr. 'Hodgson is the appa- beautiful services of our church with rently absolute identification of his unaffected solemnity. His language mind with his subject. In him can, is correct, forcible, and polished be discerned neither negligence nor but not poetical. His similes are indifference; he seems totally ab- appropriate, and always illustrative sorbed in the execution of his duty; of his subject, though this is an his energy and earnestness rivet the ornament he very rarely employs. attention, and command the admi-. In discussing theological subjects, ration of his hearers. He is a grace. he evinces acuteness and discrimi. fal, impressive speaker, and the dis-, nation; he elucidates what is ob Eur. Mag. March, 1823.
scare, explains what is difficult, and mons there is but little in him to reconciles apparent contradictions, admire; he assumes too confidently In expounding any of the sacred the benevolent dispositions of his narrations, when the silence of the hearers, and does not sufficiently historian permits the conjectures of, employ those powers of persuasion the imagination, Dr. Hodgson selects which he can command ;—perhaps the most probable circumstances to be conceives the ornaments of elocomplete the narration, and seldom quence to be supererogatory when fails to supply the links which are his aim is only to induce wealth to wanting in the chain of events en surrender a portion of her supertirely to the satisfaction of his fuities for the relief of suffering ; bearers. This remark particularly but he should remember, that it is applies to his interpretation of the only in the more perfect of human parables, which displays the : re: spirits that the chord of benevolence searches of a mind well ,versed in, is so constituted as to vibrate inBiblical learning, and labouring, by stantly when the tear.of misfortune its ingenuity and industry, to bar. falls upon it; how much more fremonise those discrepancies which quently does it happen that apathy,
, operate as obstacles to the sceptic pleasure, or selfishness, has frozen in recognizing the authenticity of the strings of pity, and that all the
, the sacred writings. In detecting exertions of the preacher, all the and exposing the sophisms of deism arguments which religion and comthe subject of the present article is passion can dictate, are required to pre-eminently successful. A sincere dissolve them and candid 'believer, in the truth The last characteristic I shall of Christianity, be assiduously de- mention of Dr. Hodgson is, that he fends it from the daring assaults of is decidedly a Christian preacher ; he the avowed infidel, and from the arges on his hearers the necessity insidious attacks which are made of resorting to the Bible for the under the disguise of friendship highest motives to virtuous actions; that the wound may be more se- he applies to Christianity alone for carely given. He unravels the peace in this life, and for happiness subtilties of fallacious ratiocina- in tbe. next; he derives from its tion, restores to truth the plumes doctrines resignation to support of which wilfah'error had deprived. affliction, firmness to resist the her, and presents 'her in her native seductions of prosperity, and that irresistible loveliness. Secare of hope of eternal bliss which gilds the righteousness of the cause he is every season of life, from the period advocating, he fearlessly dashes into when reason first bursts into peratoms the ill-constructed defences fertion, to the hour when she is of infatuated prejudice, and triumph- driven from her throne by imbecility antly repels 'the obloquy she had or madness, or resigns the form she heaped upon Christianity
had animated to the silence and the As a preacher of Charity Ser: sadness of the tomb.
THE REV. JOHN ROGERS PITMAN, A.M.
Tue Rev. J.R. Pitman is the alter- is the more to be regretted as his nate morning preacher of Belgrave emphasis is remarkably correct. The and 'Berkeley Chapels, and the harshness of his voice has likewise alternate evening preacher at the another pernicious consequence--that Chapels of the Magdalen, and the of imparting an apparent ruggedFoundling Hospital, Mr. Pitman's ness to the construction of his pevoice is deep-toned, monotonous, riods, when, perhaps, their arrangeand very ill-modulated; it is, I should ment is at the same time perfectly think, sufficiently powerful for any smooth. Church in the Metropolis; but either His manner is energetic and anifrom want of flexibility, or an har- mated; bearing the impress of heartmonious ear to direci it, is harsh felt earnestness and sincerity. In and abrupt; this defect necessarily consequence of an optical defect he extends itself to his reading, which commits his sermons to memory, and
therefore unites the accuracy of pre- purest morality he is , admirable; vions composition with the ease and but has many deficiencies as a theofreedom of extemporaneous speak- logian; he rather skims the surface ing. His style is oratorical, perspi- of a question than dives into it : cuous, and frequently poetical, suf, and though his quick discrimination ficiently ornamented yet pot decked will always adopt the right sense of with that meretricious glare which a subject which can be comprehendimparts disgust rather than delight, ed at a glance, he appears bewildered except to those who regard tropes by intricacies, and, when various and metaphors as the sole beauties solutions present themselves, is not of language.
very skilful in his selection. Another He exercises a powerful control defect in soine of his sermons is, over the feelings of his hearers, neglecting to assign sufficient imand occasionally completely isolates portance to Christian motives of their attention;- subduing the stern conduct. I do not recommend a by his pathos, exalting the sordid preacher to resort to religion only by his sublimity, and excoriating for every argument to enforce moself-complacent guilt by his irony rality, but those which she supthe last weapon he wields with plies should invariably constitute the hand of a master; it is caustie the prominent, and not the suborand pointed, but is only employed dinate features in an address to a when the castigation of vice and Christian congregation, which is error justifies its use. As nature sometimes the case with Mr. Pitman. has liberally adorned his mind his In his views of the human heart ideas are frequently original, with he displays an intimate knowledge less tautology than might be ex- of its mazes, its recesses, and its peeted, as his resources appear to be deceits; he exposes the subterfuges generally self-derived. His love for of crime, and drags it self-condemnoriginality, however, sometimes be- ed to the bar of conscience ; if trays him into language totally in- time and sophistry have cicatrized appropriate to the pulpit; though the wounds inflicted' by remorse, he he has considerably reformed this cauterizes them, instead of admifault it still occasionally disfigures nistering opiates, to produce an imahis very best sermons. In consi- ginary security. To concluder-Mr. dering a subject, if his view is not Pitman may be pronounced an acalways the most correct, it is in- complished Christian orator'; the variably the most novel, which ini- clearness of his elucidations, and plies talent of no common rank; the correetness of his conclusions, for the path of Divinity has been seldom fail to assimilate the opiso frequently traversed, that scarcelynions of his hearers to his own; he a lower remains to reward the renders, by the influence which his exertions of industry. To insipid talents must exercise over the minds mediocrity Mr. Pitman is a total of a large proportion of his hearers, stranger ;-genius is the light by benefits to them and to the circles which he is guided ; and though with which they are connected, deep, she sometimes invests truth with an essential, and extensive ; resembling, appearance rather different from its in their consequences, the fertilizing reality, she never fails to commu- operations of the majestic river, as nicate a radiance to every object it rolls onward to the bosom of mawith which she comes in contaet. terial nature's emblem of eternity. In explaining and enforcing the
ORIGINAL LETTER OF GENERAL KRASINSKI.
the ardent and honourable feeling that I Peel a pleasure in offering pervades it, and regret that a poople to your valuable publication, the possessed of such high and generous inclosed official and interesting do- sentiments should have failed in the cuments,
attainment of the independence they At a moment when public opinion so deservedly claim. "But the local is so highly excited, and expresses, situation of Poland, the opposing with the warmest feelings of sym- and overpowering interests which pathy, the interest it takes in the surround'it, have left to her an insuccess of the independent cause, effectual resistance, and but the for which the Spaniards are now phantom of an unrealized hope. making so noble a struggle, any The inclosed letter, addressed to official document expressive of si. the Emperor Alexander under cirmilar sentiments must be considered cumstances the most critical, will valuable; particularly when ema- serve not only to illustrate the chanating from countries immediately racter of the Polish nation at that under the control of Sovereigns period, but shew, notwithstanding exercising the most despotic in the subduing and arbitrary system fluence, not only over their own on which he acted, that Buonaparte states, but extending alike its dis- had the art of keeping alive those positions, and manifesting the same hopes which animated the bosom of subjugating spirit, to the destruc- that country, and attached to his tion of free opinions and inde- person, to the last hour of his pendence in every other.
political existence, the bravest and That the mind may be roused and most patriotic of her sons ; or in animated by the perusal of such the more emphatic language of the documents, our own experience and letter, “ As guards we have not the relations of history fully admit, quitted his throne, until he himself when they are addressed with a quitted it.” Then it was, as the last fearless and patriotic motive di- act of soverign power, he signed rectly to those great and self-created the following
Decree, which was afarbiters of our destinies. And how- terwards confirmed by the Emperor ever ineffectual the expressions con- Alexander, uniting the whole of the tained in the inclosed letter may have Polish troops in the French service been in regard to that country of under the command of General · which it speaks, and which has made Count Krasinski, and accompanying such repeated and energetic efforts in it with a letter of thanks for their its own behalf, we cannot but admire faithful services.
COPY OF THE DECREE.
Napoléon, Empereur des Fran
ARTICLE Jer. çais, Roi d'Italie, Protecteur de Le Général de Division, Krasinski, la Confédération du Rhin, Média- prendra le commandement de tous les teur de la Confédération Suisse, Polonais qui servent dans nos armées. etc. etc. etc.
ARTICLE II. Nous avons décrété et décrétons 'Le Major-Général est chargé de ce qui sait:
l'exécution du présent Deoret.
le Corps Polonais.
COPIB DE LA LETTRE DE SA MAJESTE.
Monsieur le Général Krasinski, part, à ces braves Polonais la satis
Vous recevrez un Décret par faction que j'ai de leurs bons et lequel je réunis, sous votre com- fidèles services. mandement, tous vos compatriotes Cette lettre n'étant à autres fins, qui se trouvent dans l'armée : je je, prie Dieu qu'il vous ait en sa désire que vous témoigpiez, de ma
sainte garde. Fontainebleau, le 4 Avril 1814.
(Signé) Napoleon. Pour copie conforme, Le Général de Division, Commandant-en-Chef
le Corps Polonais. Baonaparte having retired to honourable to himself and countryFontainebleau, accompanied by the men as the sacred principle it inPolish guard, they, two days pre- culcates, and for which they were vious to his abdication, received an ready, rather than abandon it, to order from the Russian Autocrat to sacrifice their lives. lay down their arms, which called Suffice it to say, the appeal was forth the following eloquent appeal felt and acknowledged. They reand patriotic reply on the part of turned to their homes, bearing their the General-in-Chief:-- reply as arms and honours with them.
LETTRE DU GENERAL COMTE KRASINSKI, COMMANDANT-EN-CHEF LES
A Sa Majesté l'Empereur de toutes les Russies. SIRE,
l'honneur sera notre protecteur. PoJe crois de mon devoir de lonais, nous avons servi l'homme m'adresser droit à Votre Majesté, à étonnant du siècle, qui fit briller vous, Sire, dont l'Europe entier re- l'étincelle d'espérance pour notre connait les vertus.
patrie! Gardes, nous n'avons quitté Libre de mes engagements com- son trône que lorsqu'il le quitta lui. mandant le reste de l'Armée de mème ! Pologne, j'ai demandé les veux de Sire, permettez nous de rentrer tous mes compatriotes qui ont em- avec honneur dans nos foyers, et brassé la même cause : ils ne veulent soyez sûr de notre fidélité que nous rendre leurs armes honorées de leur avons conservée dans les circonsvaillance à personne.
tances les plus critiques au SouveSi nous sommes coupables, votre rain que nous avons servi. grande ame fera notre excuse, et
Je suis, Sire,
KRASINSKI. Fontainebleau, le 11 Avril 1814.
That you may be satisfied of the hands by General Krasinski himauthenticity of these documents, I self with a wish they should be beg to state they were placed in my made known on my return to Eng
• We bave seen these documents in the possession of Mr. Guest, and also a verification of their authenticity in the hand writing of General Krasioski, as follows :-Ed.
u Je vous envois la copie de la lettre que vous avez désirez d'avoir, en vous prient d'agréer l'assurance de ma considération."