« AnteriorContinuar »
the remembrance of men who, though Proud names, who once the reios of their actions are immortal, are them empire held, selves mortal; — who, however dis. Io arms who triumph'd, or in arts ex
cell'd; tinguished by their exploits, their rank, their power, their wealth, or
Chiefs grac'd with scars, and prodigal their worldly honours, must yield Stern patriots
, who for sacred freedom
of blood; to the certain and inevitable stroke of death. When, therefore, we con
Just men, by whom impartial laws were template the speaking tablets which
giv'n ; adorn the walls of that great na And saints, who taught and led the way tional cemetry of the illustrious
to heav'n.” dead, where “kings, heroes, poets,
Another advantage of thus prestatesmen, patriots lie," and, like the mourning friend of Addison, serving the representations of men, retire from the noise and tumult of the level of humanity, is, that they the world,
may, in future ages be pointed out _" in silence and in solitude to as objects of praiseworthy emulation tread,
to all, who wish to pursue the same By midnight lampa, the mansions of honourable paths to distinction.the dead,
Thus the statue of the hero will naThro' breathing statues, then unheeded turally inspire the beholder with things,
the desire of glory-of the philoThro' rows of warriors, and thro' walks sopher with a love, of science of of kings !"
the philanthropist with a love of
benevolence—and of the patriot with we cannot but be inspired with a true love for his country. becoming pride and a genuine spirit But it is not to such frail and of patriotism ;-we cannot but feel perishable memorials that men of more ardent aspirations after excel. real eminence and renown will trust lence, and a noble thirst of just and for immortality. It is their's, as unsullied fame.
the poet beautifully expresses it,
"to grave their praises on the hearts « Oft let us range the gloomy aisles of men ;"—to be enshrined in alone,
“ A monument which worth alone can (Sad luxury ! to vulgar minds unknown) raise, Alotig 'the walls where speaking mar Sure to survive, when Time shall 'whelm bles show
in dust What worthies form the hallow'd mould The arch, the pillar, and the marble below:
ON A LADY SINGING.
PROM THE PRENCH.
No!-Ne'er did singing, by its flattering art,
..Tickell's Bristle to the Earl of Warwick, with tho works of Addison.
LOVE AND FRIENDSHIP_AN ALLEGORY.
There is an island in the south unveiled on Monnt Ida, and who encompassed by rocks which, how- banishing modesty, and separated ever, presents an aspect the most from her attendant graces, dared no seducing; these dangerous rocks are longer rely on the power of her hidden by waves that lave its bor. charms, but, to bribe her judge, was ders; and the stranger who ap obliged to promise him the most proaches this island only perceives a beautiful woman in the universe; brilliant amphitheatre, covered by it was thus she bought the prize of trees which, apparently, weary, of beauty, she did not fairly obtain it.' their weight of fruit, bend their. Such is the goddess who reigns in heads even to the earth, strewing this island. An immense number of around their golden honours. But worshippers come from every part of this deceptive fruit, like that which the world to bring their offerings to grows in the country of the Loto
this temple. phagi, produces the most dangerous The altars of Love are strewed with inebriation, causing the hapless being flowers of the most delicious odour ; who tastes of it to forget his coun the Sports and Smiles are ever emtry, his love of virtue, and his desire ployed in decorating them with garfor glory. A sea, whose waves are lands; the Muses themselves come never calmed, surrounds the island; it here to celebrate the triumphs of is here the Sirens bare fixed their love; their immortal lyres no longer, dwelling place, and here that, raising possess that supernatural power their melodious voices, they stifle which excites the soul to deeds of in delicious harmony the dreadful glory and virtue; but their softened groans of the irritated waters. Some harmony beguiles the senses, touches of the unhappy beings betrayed here the heart, but no more inspires that are wandering on the banks; they divine enthusiasm which leads to are wishing to leave the scene of honour and happiness. Yet this their misfortunes. From their sor same temple, that presents such va rowful silence, and the pallid hue of ried and delightful attractions, is but their countenances, they might well too often the theatre of the most trabe mistaken for the shades of those gic horrors! How many, unhappy who could not pass the river Cocytus. victims of vengeance and jealousy They have lost the illusions that so have been immolated on those very much charmed them; but, deprived altars that are strewed with roses ! of strength and courage, they basely How often have the furies, armed suffer themselves to be enslaved by with bloody poignards and funeral habits, and they lament in vain. À torches, put to fight the graces crowd of madmen cover the borders bathed in tears, and the loves in of the island, they disperse at hazard, mourning! Yet in the midst of so yielding at once to the illusions of many dangers, so many fatal illudeceitful hope. In Paphos pare day sions and deceiving pleasures, some has never shed its light, the burning few privileged beings have found sky is always cloudy, sometimes in happiness within the precincts of this an utter obscurity, and sometimes dangerous empire. rapid flashes of lightning, bursting In the most solitary situation in from the darkness, betray to the the island, in the depths of a wood bebolder's sight objects as unex of willows and pine trees on the pected as they are dreadful! Bat borders of a pure and gentle stream, in every season flashes of fire, and in an antique edifice à goddess has meteors equally fleeting,and illnsions fixed her sacred asylum, so little that born and shine without enlight- known to mortals, that it can scarcely ning, are substituted for the benig- be called a temple. It is here that nant influences of the sun and moon. Friendship has chosen her retreat, - The temple of Venus is situated at far from noisy courts and cities, far, a very short distance from the sea. far from the ambitious and the worNot that celestial Venus worshipped shippers of fortune! Since Astræa's by the Arabians; the divinity of light incense no longer smokes on Papbos is she who exposed herself the altars of the goddess, and her
worship is abandoned ! However, and more lasting. When Love, by she still occasionally receives liomage,' some happy caprice, wishes to ensure and she is satisfied, for the offerings the happiness of two inortals, he takes are always pure and simple! "At- Friendship with him ; the goddess tended only by Fidelity this god- precedes and gaides him; they travel dess, an enemy to all tamult and without pomp and without noise, for ostentation, delights in her solitude. Love is no longer attended by his She loves the calm of nature ; over usual court, Folly, Jealousy, and her neglected altars the moss and the tumultuons Sports ; he is aceomivy, unchecked, have heen permit- panied by Prudence, by Delicacy, ted to wander ; time respects them, and by that indefinable Sympathy, and they are imperishable, on all always .veiled and mysterious, that sides are inscribed the most touch allures is by some unknown attrac ing inscriptions : “Near and at dist: tion, whose šilken bonds are bidden tance," "In winter and in suma like herself. It is she who, inspiring:
“In life and in death,” us more surely than reason can guide " In happiness and in adversity.” us, determines at once the choice of
Love sometimes visits this happy. our hearts. If, during their happy dwelling; but he first tears the band- upion Love and Friendship meet with age from his eyes, and throws away two virtuous and sensible beings, they his homicidal bow and quiver; he unite them by chains as solid as they retains only his wings, of which he are pleasing, whose weight is never cannot divest himself; and he still felt; far from leaving the marks of a possesses all the sprightliness, ; tbe miserable slavery, they are the ho* graces, and the innocence of child nour and pride of those who wears hood. Friendship receives him with them; these respectable ties are out distrust; she either does not often taken for the revered symbols know him, or she will only see in and attributes of Virtue. However, him a beautiful child : the god, fa-' with Time Love flies' away, but not tigued with the agitations of his with a rapid and precipitate flight; court, with the revolutions of his lie flies slowly, and with so much empire, and even with his conqnests, sweetness; with such delicate manmposés deliciously on the bosom of
gement and attention, that his ab: Friendship;. he becomes there at sence is scarcely perceived or felt; once more pure and more sensitive, and as he departs Friendship, beo and it is there he abjures all artifice coming more attractive and more and suspicion ; he receives from tender, gradually assumes his seduce Friendship all the generons virtues, tive aspect, bis graces, and his lan, and gives in exchange a charm she guage. She replaces him even to could not possess withont him, that the tomb! sendero her at once more delicate
ON PREMATURE INTERMENT.
THERE are few persons ignorant that can be offered of the obstipacy that it is the unnatural custom of of the French government, or the the French to inter twenty-four hours ridiculous respect attached by the after the apparent decease. This nation to a custom which sends practice, which is said to have had its many innocent victims preinaturely origin in regard for the living by to the grave, and serves to weaken preventing the evil consequences of the effect which sceties of death are putrefaction, has excited horror in calculated to produce upon the living. řeflecting minds.generally, and the It is monstrons that the body of a deserved censure of many eminent parent or a child is to be dragged to medical men, who declare that the the grave almost before it is cold, sanitary precaution has been carried and with a people like the French to an extreme which outrages not such an indecent practice mist tend only decency but humanity. That tò unhinge the saered ties of nature. it should still exist is the best proof Several laudable attempts have
been recently made by Englishmen are witnessed, and which càngot be in France to rouse the attention of determined for days after they have the French ministers to the subject,' been manifested. I could enumerate: and so produce a total change in the diseases in which such signs are system. It is lamentable to state common. that, not only have their endeavours "It will be seen, that, except in pu. been unattended with success, but trid and a few other diseases which also that in too many instances the form a very inconsiderable part of humane applicants have been treated those to which human nature is subwith a coolness bordering upon in. ject, when no essential organ of life civility. Doctor Macnab, an Eng. is mortally attacked, the generality of lish physician who has resided in beings, interred within the short France for many years past, made period prescribed by the law, present some very spirited exertions on this no positive signs of real death-not subject during the ministry of M. even that first stage of putrefaction De Cazes, and it is only doing com which is declared by the most able mom justice to the ex-minister to physicians and chemists to be free state, that his conduct was an excep; from infection, and therefore 'unaction to that which has been observed companied with danger to the living: by his predecessors and successors. With respect to the second stage of Unfortanately, however, for the in- putrefaction, which is dangerous, and terests of humanity, - M. De Cazes which is the only sure proof of real quitted the ministry just as he was death, the period of its appearance about to propose an alteration in the is uncertain; but it is easily deter? French law of burials. The memo mined, and no harm to the living rial presented by Dr. Macnab to the can arise if the interment is per Ereneb ministry is a most interest formed immediately after the first ing production. We regret exceed- signs of positive patrefaction have ingly that it has never been pub- been witnessed." lished, because we think it could Doctor Macnab then proceeds in hardly fail to make the French illustration of his position to relate asbamed of themselves, and thus several instances of recovery froni lead to the abrogation of one of the apparent death. Most of them are most infamous laws which ever dis- known to the bulk of English reads graced the character of a country. ers, but as it is important that facts We have been favoured with a pe- of a peculiar and interesting natire rasal of the Doctor's manuscript,' should be repeatedly brought before from which we make a few extracts. the public, we shall probably be 'ex
“lodividuals of whatever rank, cused for quoting some of those says the Doctor, “ from crowned which the Doctor selected for his heads to the labourers in the fields, memorial to the French government. are equally victims to this unnatural "The danger to which the elegant custom:
the rich and the poor--the Lady Russell was exposed is too child newly from the womb the well known, both in France and in youth in the flower of life, and the England, to require details. She favourites of the creation, the fair remained seven days and nights sex, are alike exposed to the danger without any sign of life, and her inof perpetual death from premature terment was delayed only on account interment."
of the violent grief, which Lord Rus* In every age and country his sel experienced at the idea of being tory has furnished numerous in- separated from a beloved wife. On stances of individuals, who, in ap- the eighth day, as the parish bells parent death, have been preserved were tolling for church, Lady Rusby accidental causes from premature sel suddenly raised her head, and to interment. The short period of the amazement and indescribable twenty-four hours, allowed by the joy of her husband, told him to get existing laws of France for the ready to accompany her to church. parpose of ascertaining the real or Her recovery wais rapid and come apparent death of individuals, is far plete, and she lived many years too short. There are many cases afterwards to render her Lord the in which the signs of apparent death father of a family. " " If,” says the
author, “ Lady Russell had been nail down the coffin, a perspiration in France, under the existing law, was seen upon her skin, and in a she would have been buried alive." few minutes it was succeeded by a
The second instance is related convulsive motion in the hands and by the celebrated Odier of Geneva," feet. In a few moments she opened in the following words :-" I knew her eyes, and uttered a piercing a girl, twenty-five years old, named scream. The faculty were instantly Eliza Roy, who narrowly escaped called in, and in the space of a few : being buried alive. She lived at a days her health was completely redistance of two leagnes from Geneva.' established. The account which she For some years she had been subject gave of her situation is extremely to nervous attacks which frequently curious. She said that she appeared deprived her of every appearance of to dream that she was dead, but life ; but, after the lapse of a few that she was sensible to every thing hours, she would recover and resume that was passing round her, and disher occupations as if nothing had tinctly heard her friends bewailing happened. On one occasion, how- her death; she felt them envelope ever, the suspension of her faculties her in the shroud, and place her in': was so protracted, that her friends the coffin. This sensation gave her called in a medical man of the neigh. extreme agony, and she attempted bourhood, who pronounced her dead. to speak but her soul was unable She was then sewn up in a close to act upon her body. She describes shroud, according to the barbarous her sensations as very contradictory, custom of the country, and laid upon as if she was and was not in her the bedstead. Amongst those who body at one and the same instant. called to condole with the parents She attempted in vain to move her was a particular friend of the sup- arms, to open her eyes, or to speak. posed deceased, of her own age. The The agony of her mind was at its young woman, anxious to take a last' height when she heard the funeral looki at her friend, unripped the hymn, and found that they were shroud and imprinted a kiss upon about to nail down the lid of the her cheek. Whilst she was kissing coffin. The horror of being buried her she fancied that she felt her alive gave a new impulse to her breathe. She repeated her caresses ; mind, which resumed its power over and being shortly assured of the its corporeal organization, and profact of her friend not being dead, duced the effects which excited the she applied her mouth to that of the notice of those who were about to girl, and in a short time the latter convey her to a premature grave." was restored to life, and able to dress The last instance which the Doctor herself."
cites will be found in the “ Causes Dr. Crichton, physician to the Çelebres.” It excited for a long time Grand Duke Nicholas, brother of the most lively interest, and was the Emperor of Russia, relates a fact for months the theme of converfrom his own experience which sation in every circle in Paris. There powerfully supports the arguments are few, perhaps, in England who used by Dr. Macnab. “ A young have not heard of it ; but it is one girl," says Dr. Crichton, “in the of those interesting facts which will service of the Princess of
bear repeating. "A young Parisian who had for some time kept her bed lady, an inhabitant of the Rue St. with a nervous affection, at length Honoré, who had fixed her affections to all appearance was deprived of upon a gentleman of ber own age, life. Her face had all the character was, however, forced by the cupidity of death-her body was perfectly of her parents to bestow her hand cold, and every other sympton of upon another. She was plunged in death was manifested. She was re a profound melancholy; which promoved into another room, and placed duced a lethargic affection, and in in a coffin. On the day fixed for the end every appearance of death. her funeral, hymns, according to She was buried alive. The object of the custom of the country, were sung her affections, her first lover, having before the door; but at the very
heard of her funeral and recollecting moment when they were going to that she had frequently experienced