Abbildungen der Seite

rapid Progress in llaty.The Austrians, under General Beau lieu, ccn*.

stantly repulsed, yet not dispirited.Parians A clions.—Suspension of

Arms agreed on between the French and Picdmontese Armies.General

Beaulicu re-crojses the Po, for covering the Countries to the North of that.

River.At Paris, Negiiciation for Peace between the King of Sardinia

arid the French Republic—Treaty of Peace between France and Sardinia

ratified by the Legislative Bodies of France.Exultation and Confidence of

the French.Improved by Buonaparte, for the Purpose of leading on the

Army to farther Exploits.Address to ihc Army.General Ob/'ecl and

Tendency of Buonaparte's private Conversation.Homage paid lo the Merit

ef Buonaparte and the Army, by the Directory.-r-Buonapaxle puts his

Army in Motion.Crosses (he Po, and leaves General Beaulieu to break

up his Camp.^—Armistice between the French Army and the Duke of Parma,

—The French advance toward the Capital of Lombardy.Battle ofLodi.

Tlie Austrians retreat to Mantua.The French proceed to Milan, where:

the French General allows his People some Days of Repose , . 85


F.xultation of the French at the Successes of their Armies.Their Army in

Italy animated by the Praises of their Countrymen, and (he Conrersaliotf

at well as the Proclamations of Buonaparte to a high Passion for Glory.

Enter the Duchy of Modeua.Spoliation of Monuments of Antiquity and

Art.Abhorrence of the Italian Nobility and Clergy towards the French

greater than that of the inferior Classes.A general InfurreBion, ready to

break out, quashed by the Vigilance and Promptitude of Buonaparte.The

Austrians, under General Beaulicu, with the Connivance of the Venetians,

take Possession of Peschicra.Buonaparte advances again/I Beaulieu, w/to

retreats to the Tyrolcre.The Venetians tremble before the French.Dis-

miss from their Territories the Brother of the late King and Claimant of the

Crown of Franca.Buonaparte takes Possession of Verona.Blockades

Man/ua.-r-Prcpares to march into the Tyrokse.Detained by Insurrections

in the Dijlricl;, known under the Name of Imperial Fiefs.These being

suppressed, he carries his Arms to the Southward.Reduces Torlona, Bo-

logna, and Urbino.Menaces Rome.Armistice between the Pope and

Buonaparte.suspension of Hostilities wish Naples.Buonaparte the Friend

and Patron of Men of Learning and Science.Ambitious Views of the .

French Republic.InsurreRion in Lugo.Quelled, and the City reduced by

the French.The Blockade of Mantua converted into a close Siege.Raised

by Marshal IVurmser.Aclions betwee?i t'le French Army aud that of the

Austrians, reinforced by Detachments from Mantua.Remarkable Instance

of Presence of Mind in Buonaparte.— The Austrians driven back beyond the

Adige .-.'.. . . f .93


ttAliad Mobs excited dzsinst the Frcndh.Suppressed ly a Terror as the
i.cloricus French.-^-Marfnal IVvYmser, pursued by Buonaparte, retreats

/ J? - V f$.

into the Tyrolese.The Siege Of Mantua resumed.Marshal Wurm/er,
powerfully reinforced, makes Head againfl the French in the Venetian
Territories.But is defeated.The French take Possession of Trent.-~
Continued Success of Buonaparte.'Marshal Wurmjer, with tlie Remains
of his Army, makes good his Retreat, and takes Shelter within the Walls of
Mantua.Corsica, evacuated by the English, returns under the Govern-
ment of France.~—Pacification between France and Naplesincluding the
Batavian Republic.Religious Zeal of the Romans.*—Awakened by the Court
of Rome into rage, and avowed Preparations for War again (I the French.
A new Republic, composed of several small States.iPrevalence- of the
Republican Spirit in Italy.The Austrians reinforced with Troops from
Germany, advance against the French.Retake Trent.But arc de-
feated with prodigious Loss at Arcola.The Austrians, though frequently
defeated, return to the Charge.High Spirit and Courage of the Ty-
rolians.Devotion of the Army in Italy to the French Republic.Patience
of the French Soldiers under manifold Privations . . I0J

C H A P. IX.

Campaign in Germany.Opposite Designs of the French and Austrians.

Successes of the French.They invest Ehrenbrltftein.Driven back, by the

Archduke Char/es, to Duffeldorf.The 'Division tf the French Army under

Moreau takes Post at Strasburg.The Plan of Operations proposed by this

General.Crosses the Rhine.Reduces the Fortress ofKehl.Defeats the

Austrians, under Marshal Wurmjer, near Philip/burg.—And in various

and successive Engagements.The Austrians retire, in order to wait for

Reinforcements, into the Interior of Germany.-Jimdion of the French

Troops under Jourdan and Kleber.'These united reduce Frankfort.

Successes of Moreau in Swabia,Cessation of Hostilities between the French

andthePrinces oflVirtembcrg anil Baden.ConduSl of Prussia.A Prussian

Army lakes Possession of Nuremberg.—Impolicy of the French in the Mcdc

fif raising Contributions.Cause of this.Depredations of Ihc- French in

Germany.Operations of the French Ar mios under Moreau and Jourdan.

Disasters of the Austrians.The Emperor represents the. Situation of

Germany, and his own Silualion, in an Appeal to his Bohemian and Hunga-

rian Subjeils.Diet of the Empire.Partakes of the general Consternation

of Germany.Determination to open a Negotiation for Peace with France.

—The Tide of Success turned against the French by the Germans, under ifo

Archduke Charles.Obstinate Engagements.Masterly Retreat os the

French Armies.Particularly of that under Moreau.Consequences.

The Austrians occupied in the Siege of Kehl.Sally of the Garrison then.

Various' Actions'.Armistice between the French and Austrians.

The Diet of the Empire re-animated by the enterprising Spirit and Success

of the Archduke Charles, solicitous lo regain the Favour of the fmperial

Court ... . . . .' .126


Stale of Parties in France.A Revival of the Reign of Terror threatened in

the Southern Departments by Freron.The DireSory desert and oppose

the Jacobin Interest.Conspiracy of Jacobins.^Discovered and defeated.—

Arrangements respefling the Estates of Emigrants.Influence of the norv-

juring or refractory Clergy troublesome to Government. Scandalous

NcgleR of the Execution of Jus 'ice.Criminal Trials.—Money and Fi-

nance.The fame Impositions laid on the People of the Aujlrian Nelhcr-

'ands as on those of France.New Plots and Insurrections.Law for re-

conciling the different Faclions in France, by the Extindion of Terror.

Proposal for repealing a Law which appeared lo some to tear too hard

on the Relations of Emigrants.Rejccled.Bui an equitable Alteration

made in that severe Law.This a Matter of Triumph to the moderate .

Party . , , . . ; .147


Effetls expecled in France from a growing Spirit ofModeration-—The Chief

Object in the Councils of France, how to Break or to Weaken the Power of

England.Plan of the French for that End.Means for Re/loring the

Pecuniary Credit of the French Republic.A Rupture threatened between

the French Councils and Executive Dircclory.—Prevented by the necessity

of their acling in Concert.The Legislature Invade the Province of the

Directory, by the Appointment if a Committee for judging in Cafes of

Appeals from Emigrants.Loftiness of the DircRory.—Itumbled by the

IVise Economy and Firmness of the United States of America.Jea-

lousies and Disputes between the, French arid Americans.And an open

Rupture . . . . . . . 164


Tlic Haughtiness of the DireSory towards different Nations.Particularly
towards the Dutch, whom they consider, not as Confederates, but a conquered
People.—^Moderation of the Republic and prepondering Party in the United
Provinces.Batavian Convention.Its Proceedings.Affairs of Geneva.
Meeting of the National Institute qf France.Considered as an auspicious
Omen of the Return of Peace and Reign of the Arts.And Liberty of
Thinking and Publijliing on all SubjeRs.The Alliance between tlte Church
and Monarchy of France, in the End, ruinous to both.The new, or consti-
tutional, Clergy avow their Assent to the Separation of the Church from the
State.—Yet venture to condemn some Things fettled, or approved, by the
republican Government.—But which they considered as adverse to the Dignify
and Interests of she ecclefiajlical Order.The Settlement of ecclesiastical
Affairs considered by the Generality of the French as a Matter of great

\ Importance y- • • > • • 175



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in France, a General wish for Peace. But the Popularity of the War with

England Nill continued. -Overture of Peace from England to the French

Republic. Negociation for Peace at Paris. Abruptly broken off.
· Affairs, Maritime and Colonial, French and British Infidelity of the
French Government to their Engagements with the Dutch.- French Prepara-

tions and Expedition for an Invasion of Ireland. Defeated. The Death
of Catharine 11.- And the Rehgnation of General Washington · 188

Births in the Year 1796

i . . .
Marriages , i
Promotions .
Sheriffs ........:


Lòndon Gazette, June · ·

The like, July 2 .

Articles of Capitulation of the Island of St. Lucia, May 25

The like of Colombo, in the land of Ceylon, February 15

The like of St. Vincent's, June 1 1 . .

The like of Grenada

London Gazette Extraordinary, Nov. 3 .

London Gazette, Nov. 29



Articles of Capitulation of Amboyna, February 16 -

The like of Banda, March 8 .

. ibid.

Circular Letter to the Lieutenants of Counties on the Sea Coafts, Nov. 5, 93

Letter from the Chancellor of the Exchequer to the Lord Mayor, Dec, 1, 04

The like to the Bank i

. ibid.

Accoužit of the total nett Produce of all the Taxei for one year, ending Otober

10, 1796 6 . .

, 95

Account of Wheat fold in the Corn-Market, Mark-Lane, from Christmas, 1795,

to Christmas, 1796 . .

Price of the Quartern-loaf for 1796 ,

. . .100

A general Bill of Cbriftenings and Burials for 1796 in 201

Substance of the Art for preventing seditious Assemblies


Average Prices of Corn for 1796 . . . ,!!! !!

Meteorological Table for 1796 -


, 105

Sipplies granted by Parliament for 1796

? Principai Public Acts paffed in the Sixth Selfson of the Seventeenib Parliament

m e of Great Britain s . . ..


Prices of Stock for 1796

Frial of Mr. William Stone for High-Treason

Petition of Sir Francis Blake to the House of Commons, February 8, 2 015


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$it Majesty's Speech on dosing the Session, May 19. . , J17

The like on opening the Session, October S . . . 1 IS

Protest of Earl Fitzrwilliam ;, :' . 120

Message from the King, Dec. 1$ 4 . i . J 23

The like, Dec. 17 i i . ; . ibid.

The like, Dec. 26 . . . . ;. 12>

Note transmitted to M. Bartheltmi by Mr. Wickham, March 8 ;12i

Answer thereto, March, 20 . . » ibid.

Note of.Observation thereon, April 10 i . . 126

Explanatory A nick to the Treaty bet-ween Great Britain and America, ibid.
Treaty bet-ween Great Britain and the Landgrave of Hesse Darmstadt, June 10

Letter sr'tm Sir G. Elliot, Viceroy os Corsica, to the Governor of Porto Fer*
rajo -. . . . . , J3S

Article/ by -which the British Troops took Possession of Porto Ferrajo . 13$
Proclamation by General Forbes to the Planters of the Spanish Part of St.
Domingo ... . . , . ibid,

Order by the King in Council, September 3 '. . , 13(5

The like, Oct. 12 i . . , . 13$

The like, Nov. 9 . •. . . . . ihid.

The like, Dec. 23 . . ; . .139

Answer of the British Government to the Spanish Declaration of War . 14{
Official Correspondence published by the British Government, relating to the.
Negociation for Peace befween Great Britain and the French republic 147
Credentials of Lord Malmejbury in Latin, -with a Transtation . 172

Manifesto of the British Government against France, Dec. '27 . .173

Speech of the Lord- Lieutenant to both Houses of the Irish Parliament, Jan. 21, 177

, The like, April 15 . . . . 170

The like, Oct. 13 . . ; . . . J 80

Proclamation by tlie Lord-Lieutenant in Council, Nov. \6 . .182

Decree of the National Assembly of the United Provinces, for the Abolition of a

privileged Church, Augvst 13 . . . .183

Proclamation of the fame, against the Importation cf British Merchandize,

September 10 . . . , . 18<t

Proclamation of the States-General of tlye United Provinces . 18S

proclamation of'the Dutch National Convention, March 16 . J 88

Manifesto of the Bat avian Republic against Gteat Britain t , J 69

Manifesto of Spain against Great Britain, Oct. 5 < .. . 195

Letter from General Beaulieu to the Genoese Government, vis entering their

Territory . . . .... 197

Address of the French Minister to the Doge of Genoa' . ibid.

'. .Note of the French-Minister to the Genoese Secretary of State, July I0V 198

. Letter from the Commissary DireSor, Suez, to the Commandant of Fort la
',." Lauterne . . . . . . 199,

'Jttply, Sept. 12 . . . . . ibid,

iet/erfrom M. Bartl.vfemi to the Burgomasters, C2c. of the Sviifs Cantons 200
'i • "" Lette*

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