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all delivered from the superstition of Popery, met together of | naught, to which no bounds can be set; they have effected a a week evening to hear the good news of the gospel.'

reformation to which no description can do adequate justice; “Such scenes turn the tables upon the evangelizing Noncon- and they have set in motion a train of influences for good, of formists. They are by no means rare.

From Belmullet to which neither earth nor time shall see the close... Ventry, including Joyce's country, Conemara, and Achill- “The Presbyterian mission in Connaught is at present in which latter place has just been purchased for £7000-a circumstances of such prosperity and apparent permanence, as painstaking and prosperous movement is being made. Almost to deserve the sympathy and support of all who make í Thy every society-our own again excepted—bas augmented its kingdom come' part of their prayer. Consider, for example, resources, and redoubled its agencies. The Irish Society these circumstances in connection with one of our stations. alone reports this year, 724 schools, 31,362 scholars, 38 in- There a house lately erected by us, accommodates a Sabbath spectors, 60 superintendents, 20 missionaries, 166 readers, be- school of 100 scholars, some of them in a most hopeful state sides the erection of several places of worship needful to meet of mind, and a full congregation, chiefly Romanists, every the demands of the converts from Romanism.'. Other bodies Sabbath-day, and a prayer-meeting on each Tuesday, conducted are in the field. The Free Church of Scotland has lately come by the teacher of our flourishing daily school, some of his to the aid of the Irish Presbyterian Church. The Methodists advanced pupils, lately Romanists, occasionally leading the are renewing their efforts. The Baptists have some promising devotional exercises. In connection with this, and under the schools. The Free Church have been encouraged in such a charge of its minister, are three other stations, where preachmanner, that Dr Duff, in his late visit to this city, seemed to ing is maintained regularly to large congregations of Romanforget his own India, in his real joy at the prospect now open- | ists, among whom are several giving evidence that they are ing for the benefit of poor Romanist Connaught. He stated, seeking after God; and, associated with these stations are that the representations he had heard had allured him to go prayer-meetings, one of them consisting of forty members, down to that province to see for himself, and that he was per- conducted by a man who was a bigoted Papist, but who furfectly satisfied that God, in a most remarkable manner, was nishes delightful proof of the power of divine truth in effecting opening up the minds of the Popish population to the know- reformation the purest, most lasting, and best. When to all ledge of the truth. He had preached to congregations of con- this it is added, that there, under the superintendence of the

He had examined the children in the schools-50 we missionary, are seven schools and four hundred scholars, most understood him-he had beheld their industry. The result of of whom have been provided with the means of earning a subhis visit has been, that several citizens of Dublin have entered sistence, and have become cleanly and well-dressed, industriinto an arrangement to join gentlemen in Belfast, Glasgow, ous, civilized, and happy, it must surely be acknowledged that and Edinburgh, in the purchase of an entire valley in Con- if the church be churlish' in contributing, the apology cannot naught, to be used for industrial purposes in connection with be that the missionary is faithless, or that God has not in their Presbyterian schools. A less missionary body scarcely sufficient abundance sent down his dew and his rain on the exists than the Episcopal Church in Scotland. Yet is that cultivated field."— Report of Home Mission to Irish General body offering its means and asking, 'And what can I do?' Assembly, These facts will, I think, show that in the West, at least, the difficulties of reaching Ireland have diminished rather than

DECLINE OF POPERY IN SARDINIA. increased. Of course, persecution and priestly vigilance, The correspondent of the Morning Chronicle, writing from especially in the larger towns and cities, are doing their ut.

Genoa under date July 18, says:– The Church of Rome, whatmost. Yet, when John of Tuam went down to the extreme

ever success it may have flattered itself to have obtained in West for a confirmation,' he could, scarcely get any, one other countries, has most undoubtedly suffered greatly by the willing to be confirmed. It does, then, seem that the heart

events of the last few years in Italy. This place, once celeof the nation is not altogether rock. Ask Dr Duff, or Dr

brated for the attachment of its population to the religion of Edgar, or Dr Dill, or Mr Dallas, if they return from their

the State, and for the exact and devout keeping of its cereevangelising efforts declaring that they deemed it a waste of time and energy to attempt to convert the land, for they observance. The greater portion of the inhabitants, I am

monies and forms, is now fully as remarkable for their slack found it incapable of ever becoming a soil of salvation.”

sorry to say, seem to have lost the hereditary respect necessary

for members of the Church of Rome, and to be undecided as PRESBYTERIAN MISSION IN CONNAUGHT.

to what course to pursue. The Protestant chapel is much * The last sphere of missionary enterprise, for which we solicit frequented by Italians; the difference in the form of service, attention and interest, is Ireland's darkest, poorest province- which is so very striking to a mind accustomed to the pomp poor dark Connaught. It has, of late years, become a subject of Popery, at first scarcely satisfies an Italian imagination; of very general and nobly benevolent interest; Scotland, Eng, nevertheless, I am assured that secession from Romanism is land, and America vieing with each other which shall stand very general. Confession is but little observed by the bulk highest in the class of Connaught's friends. The mission-field of the Genoese; the spirit of the population, which is at of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland is eminently Connaught, enmity with the priesthood, prevents them from submitting to all Connaught; for over its whole five counties our agencies the humiliation of the confessional. The late amendments are spread, and on this or another town, this or another rural made in the Ecclesiastical Titles'Assumption Bill may be said district, from Ballinglen to Galway, some friend of Ireland, to have dealt a most decided blow on the projects of the in the old world or the new, looks with special favour. .... Papacy. A preacher here commenced his sermon by lament

“ The Irish Presbyterian Church has in its service at pre-ing that now, indeed, all hope of salvation for Great Britain sent, in Connaught, twelve missionaries and nine catechists

was at an end-alluding to the late act, no doubt. one of the missionaries supported directly from Scotland; two missionaries and one cutechist by the students of our church; CHURCH EXTENSION IN THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND. and one missionary and two catechists by a private individual. In the report of the sub-division of parish Commissioners, it

"There are five species of schools at present in Connaught, is stated. The result of our inquiry shows that there is an in the success of which we feel deep interest–Irish Schools, immediate and pressing demand for the erection of about English Literary Day Schools, Sabbath Scbools, Female In

600 new churches.” The Commissioners calculate the cost dustrial Schools, Agricultural Schools. The greater proportion

at £2,100,000, or an average of £3,500 each church, and of these are not supported by our mission, are not under its control, nor in any way connected with it, except that they be supplied from some general fund, local subscriptions and

express an opinion that if a sum of £1,000,000 sterling could are parts of a great auxiliary system of reformation going on

the liberality of churchmen would supply the rest. To proin the wild West, in the benefit of which we, and all who labour there for the public good, largely partake. The Irish £120,000 per annum, and to endow each church with £50

vide each clergyman with an income of £200 would require schools are our own, situated chiefly in County Galway, the Sabbath schools are our own, forming an important part of a-year more for the maintenance of the fabric would require

an additional yearly sum of £30,000; £150,000 a-gear, the agency for good, connected with our mission stations; we

therefore, must be provided for the support of the 600 new contribute to support teachers of two male schools in con

churches and their officiating ministers. nection with two of our stations; but, in addition to these, our mission enjoys the full benefit of a large number of very prosperous industrious schools, supported by private individuals, Printed by JOHNSTONE & HUNTER, 104 High Street: and published as well as by congregations.

by JOHNSTONE & HUNTER, 15 Princes Street, Edinburgh. And “The schools are exercising an influence for good in Con- sold by the Booksellers throughout the kingdom.

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BY AN EXCURSIONIST.

A PEEP AT PARIS AND THE PARISIANS. an improved moral feeling accompanied the good

manners. There was a kindliness in the civility-a

desire to be rightly apprehended as meaning well, in Having satisfied our eyes in some degree on the the short converse I held with strangers on various London Exhibition, the wonder of 1851, we felt the occasions. A goodwill was manifest in the attention want of some extended and healthful recreation to of the servants of the hotel, who were paid not indi. fill up our term of vacation; and no place accessible vidually, but by a charge in the general bill. There by a day's journey presented so many attractions as was also a satisfying correctness in the charges, in Paris. The inducements of cheapness, convenience, keeping to the stipulations with no unexpected exand expedition, with the example of numbers taking tras; and in making purchases, of course in but few the same course, overcame all obstacles ; and the feat, instances, I met generally with honesty and fair not thought of in leaving our sober home in Edin- dealing. The fruit woman in the street would not burgh, was performed with a proportionate measure deviate from her price, but sold to me as I saw she of fatigue and exertion in seven days. The journeys sold to others, and was at pains to satisfy her foreign occupied a day each, going by Folkestone and Bou- customer that the change she gave was correct. In logne, and returning by Calais and Dover. An the drapers' shops, the mode of doing business seemed agreeable young friend who fell in our way in Lon. to me decidedly superior to what is met with, taking don, well acquainted with Paris, and ready in the one's chance in London. They are obliging in showFrench tongue, had his name inserted in our passing goods and endeavouring to meet the wishes of port and made up our party of three. Our settle- purchasers, but easily answered if articles are declined, ment in the Hotel de Hollande on the night of our pressing nothing that is not wanted. arrival, was preceded by some hunting about and We mingled in crowds moving to and fro in the delay, from the influx of strangers and numbers re- Champs Elysees in the evening, not elevated or quiring accommodation. We were in the Rue de la intellectual in their pastimes, but free from brutality Paix, near the Italian Boulevard, the Rue Rivoli and or rudeness. No brawls seemed to ensue; drunkenthe Place Vendome, well situated for access to the ness made no part of the revelry. I did not see jug. places and objects that were to engage our attention; glery, nor thimble-rigging, nor mischievous jokes, and though our apartments were at a fatiguing height where the merriment of one party comes from the from the ground floor, the hotel being full in the discomfiture of another. It seemed to me that such lower storeys when we took possession, we were assemblages of the common population of our cities, comfortable, and had pleasant hours in our quarters, could not be strolling about with no special object over and above the entertainment and delight of our beyond recreation, without cases requiring the interdaily rambles.

ference of the police, or such accidents and misforThe climate lends a brilliancy and charm, the tunes as enjoin quiet people to be content in their character of a jour de fête, to all scenes and objects. I houses. They have no doubt a vigorous preventive have experienced thesame before,--having visited the police always at hand, and there may be brawls, accicontinent only in summer,-an enjoyable state of ex: dents, and misfortunes, that do not come under the isterice, an alacrity and elasticity of mind, imparted observation of a passenger of a day as I was. Various as it were from the atmosphere. The undisguised amusements were carried on; a numerous, changing brightness of the heavens,—the clear transparent me circle gathered round two practitioners of mesmer. dium through which all objects are beheld,—the am- ism, one of whom, with bandaged eyes, answered pler, sunnier arch that veils no misty secrets down to questions put by the other on matters suggested by its peucilled horizon,--the seeming nearer, friendlier the auditory. As daylight gave place to the brilliant influence of the night firmament,--these have an gas, hotels with terraces and gardens, lighted up for effect that seems to correspond with the lively, social, amusement, were observable in some places; and becommunicative character of the French people. En sides regular theatres, stages, partially screened in joyment seems more the business of life with them and canopied over, were stationed here and there, than with us. They meet, and talk, and discuss, and where musical instruments and dressed performers sing, and play under the open sky, as we do in small exerted themselves for the entertainment of passenselect parties in our houses. To be pleasant, and make gers. Many would be arrested in their promenade the intercourse of society agreeable to all, is as a at these points of rendezvous, and join the standing first duty, early learned and habitually practised. circle for a season, to listen to the song or concert of The children take up the habit by instinct. It ap- the performers; and some social parties, seated at peared to me, too, in my very limited observation, that | tables, regaled themselves with light beverage, and XCVI.

DECEMBER 1851.

conversation to fill up the intervals. A box, I think, and, where honourable sentiments prevail, are atstole round sometimes at a favourable moment, to tended with fewer risks and dangers than the oppocollect small offerings from the company. None give site character of caution and reserve. much and most give nothing for these voluntary be- Our Saviour's walks through the land of Judea, nefits. The performers have the honour of serving the way in which he drew his disciples around him, the public, I should guess, on liberal terms, while im the ready access of all classes to his person, the proving themselves in the practice of music. Com. easy way in which he met and accepted hospitality, panies generally clear off and seek their different admitting the ingress and egress of strangers where homes at a seasonably early hour; and as most days he was,- all indicate a genial elimate and habits of close in the same way, there is perhaps less extreme life dissimilar to ours. dissipation than takes place in what is called the season Every one visiting Paris must be struck with the in our metropolis, and less interruption of the ordi. beauty of its palaces, standing forth in queenly dig. nary routine of business life, than is occasioned by nity, in scenes fitted to bring out all their graces of a route or a ball in the gayer circles of our country. architecture. The arches, columns, fountains, and Good taste in manners must certainly be conceded ornamental trophies that catch the eye wherever an to the French. All seem to possess it; with all their inviting position presents itself, give a great attracbuoyant vivacity and freedom, they stop at the right tion to Paris. Nothing can exceed the fulness of point, and do not encroach or offend by any indecorum. effect in passing into the garden of the Tuileries, in We should say in a religioủs point of view, that mul- the bloom of summer, with a bright sky over your titudes congregating habitually in public for recrea- head, where every object, subordinate or commandtion, need to carry with them some safeguard against ing, bears harmonious reference to the character of temptation. That community would rank deservedly the place, and adds to the enchantment of the whole. high in the moral scale, in which the young and old Every thing seems to wear a classic and courtly air, of all classes could spend their evening hour together enjoining good taste and cultivated propriety on in converse and pastimes, always simply innocent and those who frequent these grounds. To be there in amusing. There is, I should hope, much of that in the dirty clothes, or with rude bearish manners, would social and family groups that mingle in the throng ; seem out of keeping—a solecism unsuited to the while, our neighbours having long had the reputation place. The beautiful Egyptian obelisk in front, the of a virtue less scrupulous than their manners are majestic lions sculptured in white marble, the tall decorous and refined, we cannot but admit that a palacial railing with gilded spear heads, the spacious taste for gallantry and intrigue,carried out into actual walks, rich in statues of beautiful sculpture, the vice, may find easy shelter under this promiscuous marble fountain of many figures,--all interest and publicity. I am not, however, entitled from what amuse, without obtruding on the view, or interfercame under my own observation to decide unfavour- ing with effect of the extended scene or magnifiably. Nor can I withdraw my remark, that the habit cent structures that rise around. The bright green of living much in society promotes civilization, and orange trees growing in tubs look artificial, remindtends to cultivate the benevolent affections.

ing us of our elaborate, expensive conservatories; Our in-door isolation in our families-our British but they are appropriately placed on firm gravel shyness and caution in forming acquaintance, or walks with statues, where trees of larger growth entering into conversation lest it should lead to would be in the way, and they are not kept for holiafter acquaintance, are not to our praise. They be-day display, or shut up from public and everyday long, there is no doubt, to our constitutional tem- enjoyment. perament, to our foggy evenings, to our misty, or We naturally covet the productions of finer clirather, as Cæsar noted long ago, our stormy sky. mates than our own. The French cultivate those of We cannot make it otherwise. These induce a Italy, and have them at an easier rate than we, and more thoughtful habit of mind, with anxiety and something more advanced, though still as exotics. carefulness, prudent circumspection, fear of observa- They gratify more eyes, and are better displayed in tion and mistrust of others. Our friendships require an open walk than shut up in a conservatory where a deeper laid foundation-our esteem and goodwill we go to look at them. The Tuileries' gardens have are not so readily bestowed. Religion of the strict, a pleasing variety, part of the ground being laid out high-principled, intellectually-moral kind, finds more in parterres and shrubberies. It is delightful to esnative congeniality among us than among our south-cape from the gorgeous day and embellished walks, ern neighbours. The thoughts of futurity press more and to strike into a forest avenue of tall majestic heavily upon us. We cannot so easily find distrac- trees, affording most effective shade, and inducing tion in present enjoyment. Shows and ceremonies thoughts that spring up in contemplative seclusion. under the name of religion do not beguile or suffi. Frivolity is far from being inscribed on every scene ciently interest us to be very seductive. We are in Paris. Great ideas, as they would say, are neither amused nor impressed by them. Yet if wrought out in their public works—a fine combinawe have the advantage in morality and religion, for tion of the graceful and beautiful with the convewhich we are indebted to God's goodness to us in nient in their designs for taste and enjoyment. many favouring circumstances, we cannot but feel Boldness of conception, earnest thought, ingenious that if they could embrace what we have of solid and speculation, with energy in execution, are suggested sound-hearted, with what nature bestows on them as belonging to the genius of the place. of happy, social, and companionable in climate and These fine erections belong to an era that is gone disposition, they would stand in a superior position by, as we presume, in the history of French developto us for influence and usefulness. The openness ment--to the time when monarchy as the seat of a and publicity of existence, which distinguished also nation's honour, and a court as the theatre of its the finest nations of the ancient world, give develop: grandeur, taste, and accomplishment, were the idols ment and freedom to the character-are calculated of the French people. They were the causes also, to call out the spirit of enterprise and patriotism, inter alia, of the revolution. The wealth of a great nation, drawn from it in unequal taxation, and ex- | particular school or order, I observed habited in pended on the selfish luxury and fantastic caprices white with no mixture of colour, devotees from their of a licentious aristocracy, roused at length the in- birth, I suppose, to the Virgin. The place wore a dignation of the people, which, like other forces long Sunday-like appearance-clean, orderly, and cheerunduly compressed, broke out in no measured fury. ful. High Mass was performed in the principal The palaces remain, with later trophies of imperial churches, with splendid music, attended by large and revolutionary sway--the property of the nation, auditories; and when service was over, I observed not now the abode of kings, nor specially useful, ex- friends meeting in the streets, with compliments of cept as marking the varying eras of the nation's his- kindness, and hieing away, in their neat new caps and tory, and, like our English cathedrals and feudal best dresses, to pay visits and enjoy the remainder of castles, preserving specimens of the arts in times their holiday leisure in a social way. gone by. But they are certainly very noble, doing We joined the concourse of spectators and wore honour to the taste that designed, and to the dignity shippers that day at St Roch, an interesting old of the country that has wealth to support them; while church, where the music was solemn and imposing, they form still an attraction to strangers, add to the and the service conducted, as appeared, in an effecdaily complacent enjoyment of the Parisians, and of tive way. I was moved to see the multitude rising the people from the departments, as often as they visit and prostrating, pursuing, as in deep devotion, the Paris.

succeeding parts of the service. “ They have a zeal There are splendid new churches in Paris, as well for God,” I thought," though not according to knowas very fine old ones. We proceeded to the superb ledge,” when on bended knees they leaned forward Magdalene, a beautiful and highly-finished structure to receive the benediction, and with eager hands in all its parts and accompaniments without and caught at the pain bénit that was handed round within, of recent erection, and adding a new feature among them. to the courtly neighbourhood where it is situated. It The church St Roch has something in it to be rewas about noon when we entered, and many who membered by. An impression it had left on my might be engaged worshippers were there at their mind remained from long ago. Its name, “ Holy devotions. The priests disgusted me there and else- Rock,” is derived from the tomb of our Saviour, of where, parading up and down in coats stiffened with which interesting place it presents memorials touchgold embroidery, and faces red and vulgar in ex. ing to the feelings; especially when we transplant pression; while boys in surplices waved their censers, ourselves to the time when devotion, little enlightperformed the genuflexions, and went through the ened by Scripture knowledge, sought sustenance labour of the service. The priests, every where to from scenery and objects that move the feelings me the most unedifying part of the ceremony, seemed through the imagination. The pulpit seems formed to depend upon the majesty of their garments for the in a rock, with massy projecting fragments above edification of the people. Their persons and de- and below, striking and picturesque in its effect. In meanour, except for a certain pomp in their step, a retired aisle behind the choir, the holy sepulchre assumed no doubt in honour of their dress, were meets the eye, where the dark hewn-out cave under without dignity, or what inspires respect. A young the impending and surrounding rock, catches you acolyte, seated at a table near one of the altars, was with an unexpected emotion. It is an artificetaking charge of a number of lighted tapers burning kind of stage trick, contrived to produce a certain before him. They might remind one of human life train of thought, or surprise with a gush of recollection, in its progress: some newly set up, others nearly We respect the piety of the Empress Helena, who burned out, or in different stages of consumption. Í did what she could in her time to rescue from the observed a young woman, having closed her devo- oblivion into which they were falling, the scenes and tions, go to the official, and deposit some sous upon memorials of our Saviour's life, know and in some the table. He at once lighted a new taper, and cases imagined. This was an instinct, we doubt not, placed it to burn in a little candle holder, like the of holy love, like that of an earlier disciple who others. I had not observed this ceremony before, anointed his head with precious ointment; but great and did not learn its exact meaning; but take it to is the error that has since abounded, in honouring be some votive offering in honour of the Virgin or the perishing earthly appendages instead of the Diother saint, given in acknowledgment of a benefit, vine reality, and in substituting such impulses and as churching after the birth of a child. The mer- emotions as are natural to the human mind on coming chandise is there ready for the purchaser, 'as the doves in contact with affecting objects, for the influence of to be used in sacrifice in the outer temple.

the Holy Spirit that renews and sanctifies the heart. Next day, Friday, happened to be the fête de la Yet these objects have their interest apart from the Vierge, a festival observed with much ceremony abuse which a corrupt superstition has attached to throughout France. I remember arriving at Dieppe them. The pictures that I hastily looked at, repreformerly on that occasion, and seeing it attended senting scenes in the gospel history, and the last with great interest in a crowded cathedral. “The solemn incidents, never to be dwelt on by us without Assumption of the Virgin” is purely apocryphal, a deep sense of individual concern in them, made an having no foundation either in Scripture or in early appeal, I felt, to the heart. It seemed as if the history. The festival was instituted in France, as I artists must have had a high impression, in some remember to have learned, in the time of Louis instances, of the purity and elevation, the mildness XIII., with a view to some special benefit to be de- and benignity of Him who was "holy, harmless, and rived from her patronage at that season, and has separate from sinners,” yet "touched with a feeling been kept up since, for the continuance of the advan- of their infirmity,” and must have drunk in a meatage. The shops were generally shut in Paris in the sure of the sorrows of the heart that "was bruised forenoon; official people and others mustered in the for our iniquities," and dumb before his accusers, ere streets; the common people seemed dressed in their they could thus portray the subjects and the chabest attire. Parties of young girls, probably of some racter they presented to the eye. I could conceive

these giving aid to holy meditation while dwelling on their late sprung experimental governments that the words of the evangelistic narratives, awakening are glad to lay hold of any prop that promises a mea. a feeling of communion also with the many believers sure of support. And the symptom is, we trust, of who have meditated the subjects before. How long good omen. They may emerge from the dark ages have they been dwelt upon-how have they sustained a second time. Infidelity and scepticism are not and rekindled the devotion of the children of the now their boast, they are broken weapons; though kingdom from age to age! And when the written many who would discard them find not where to Volume was a rare possession, and the means of plant a foot or steer their way, amidst the mist and access with the art of reading it in the power of few, smoke which their deceitful church has interposed such information as pictures can convey, as in early betwixt them and the life-giving light of revelation. education, might guide the ideas of the unskilled They want a John Baptist, a Paul, a Luther, with inquirer. The misfortune was, that, in rude times, heaven's commission to fire the train that must be the pictures were often as rude as their inspectors- laid in France for the destruction of Popery-for noimparting wrong or debasing impressions; and that thing seems so peedful, so natural among an inquirin the absence of accompanying instruction, the ing, intelligent people, as that a more truthful, earnest, representation by sculpture or pencil will come to mind-satisfying species of Christianity should be sought supplant the proper object of adoration.

for by them than has yet been found. Kahe I would not, therefore, have pictures in churches, The Protestant Reformed Church is slow in recodiverting the careless, and distracting the attention vering its light or its influence. No wonder,-it had betwixt the merits of the artist, and the interest of slept in a manner the sleep of death, and earnest the subject; or, calling the mind away from the so- souls had ceased to look to it for quickening counsel lemn and peculiar duties of the place. We have no or example. It has not yet been signally visited or retired nooks or aisles in our churches, inviting to honoured of God, nor has it attained a position of incloset devotion, nor are allowed leisure to loiter influence in the community. The upper chamber, the them at other hours than those devoted to public obscure conventicle, still receives the little company worship. We liave parted altogether with the arts as of spiritual worshippers out of the thousands of Paris. auxiliary to religious feeling. We dread the abuse Yet the Bible, sowing its seed of saving truth, has and awful perversion with which they have been been widely scattered over the land, by humble, faithconnected. They do not harmonize with our natural ful hands. The leaven is at work, and informed or tastes and habits. Some latitude, however, may be doubting consciences ask the way to God and peace due to the natives of southern regions. A purely re- in many a village and in many a family. formed Christianity would not probably bring them There is not in France the death and burial of to a uniformity with us in these particulars. And gospel truth, under a dark, ferocious superstition as provided our paintings be kept in proper situations and in Spain. There is not the impious divorce betwixt suitably used, Scripture subjects seem well adapted religion and morality,—the subtile substitution of to the historic pencil; for, being of a definite charac- | hypocrisy for piety, of burlesque, unvailed mimicry ter, and the scenes and actors in them popularly and deceit, as honour done to God, that characterise known, we are aware what the artist has to do, if he the religion of Italy. France in her general apprehas power to effect his object, and can read without hension of things comes nearer the light, is more aca label the story addressed to the eye.

cessible to it, lives in a better neighbourhood. And .} There are seven, what are called stations in the though deplorably weak, as is manifest at this mochurch of St Roch, connected with paintings that re- ment, in that home-grown concentrative principle present the scenes of the passion and crucifixion, that gives weight and determination to a nation's rewith an office for devotion, of meditation, and prayers solves, and shamefully culpable in her governing adapted to each.

sphere, in aiding the despots who would trample out I have read an advertisement, as I remember, the soul of Young Italj-she yet, we trust, has in fixed up for the direction of devotees engaging in a her materials preparing for a rapid development of retreat of a week in connection with this service, and evangelic light. The Lord of the church, and of setting forth the benefits thence to be derived. There the churches, may be gathering out, ripening and might be something soothing to mourners, and con. strengthening his little ones throughout Christensolatory to penitent hearts in these exercises, could dom, in these days of their depression and calamity, they be pursued retiredly and without intervention that he may have them prepared, when his judgments of priestly directors. But the formality of the plan, have done their work and subsided, to go out for the the express rules, the supposed merit insuring the destruction of the “Man of Sin," and the setting up success, must, it is to be feared, defeat the good effect of the Reign of Righteousness. with most. Yet there will be those hidden ones, The people of Paris seemed, to my cursory view, whom the Lord teaches by his Spirit of truth, who to have made a start forward in good sense, humaamid the wood, hay, and stubble of their offerings, nity, and candour toward the English, since my visit have some gold to present which the fire will not twenty-nine years ago, when their incessant wars left consume.

still a brutalizing effect, and the government forced We looked as strangers into other churches, St upon them by foreign armies stirred feelings of con. Vincent de Paul, St Eustace, and the venerable tempt and irritation. We at home may appropriate Notre Dame, that day crowded with a multitude the same compliment, having made progress, as well who came like us to view the spectacle, or to share we might, since moral objects, peaceful arts, educain the ceremony. We cannot judge fairly of the in- tion, religion, and social reform, have had time to fluence of religion by the numbers that are ready to engage the attention of legislators and philanthrorun after shows and processions in connection with pists. These were at a stand with us as in France, it. Yet I cannot but infer that in their form of it, overborne by hubbub and tumult, while battles and French religion has experienced some stirring up military expeditions carried away the thoughts of our in these times, apart from, as well as instigated by country.

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