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tion, therefore, but at the same time in the holy boldness of hears his people telling him that such and such a sermon or faith unfeigned, she would still seek to retain and occupy the address brought them to Christ, he will assuredly be disapposition which the foregoing summary of her history assigus pointed. Let me tell of the manner in which three cases of, to her; humbly claiming to be identified with the Church of

I hope, something better than mere improvement, were brought Scotland, which solemnly bound herself to the Reformation

about. The first was a farm-servant, who had been brought from Popery, and again similarly pledged herself to the Reformation from Prelacy; deploring past shortcomings from up in a very careless family, and whose marriage was not the principles and work of these Reformations, as well as past carried through so as to approve itself to me. Visiting him secessions from her own communion, occasioned by tyranny one day, I was struck with his remark, “ You said there was and corruption in her councils; and, finally, resolved and de

not a more pleasant sight than to see the labouring-man sittermined, as in the sight and by the help of God, to prosecute ting on the Sabbath evening teaching his children the Word the ends contemplated from the beginning in all the acts and deeds of her reforming fathers, until the errors which they

of God: I find it very pleasant.” This was the first intimarenounced shall have disappeared from the land, and the true tion of a change. From that day the man took a new position system which they upheld shall be so universally received, in the parish. He had much family affliction, which he bore that the whole people, rightly instructed in the faith, shall with a most submissive spirit, and his worldly circumstances unite to glorify God the Father in the full acknowledgment have so improved, that I found him lately in possession of a of the kingdom of His Son, our blessed Lord and Saviour,

small farm, and highly respected. The second case was that Jesus Christ, to whose name be praise for ever and ever. Amen.

of one of our most " well-to-do " farmers. Often had this

man been approached, but he invariably shied all close dealExtracted from the Records of the General Assembly of ings; an "aye” or a was the sum of what could be the Free Church of Scotland by

got out of him. At length, one day, I do not remember THOMAS POLSSURN; } Cl. Eccl. Scot. Lib. PATRICK ,

whether on the occasion of one of my visits to him, or of his to he asked me if I could lend him, or would buy for him, a book of prayers, as it was “a help to the like of him.”

From that day he presented a new character to the parish, and PRACTICAL HINTS FOR THE CHURCH'S

spoke and acted as one interested in the truth. In another WORK.--No. X.

case, an individual in the upper ranks of life, after having WHAT MEANS HAVE BEEN MOST BLESSED IN THE MINISTRY ?

kept a thorough silence as to the means of her change from a

system of self-righteousness to one of simple dependence upon In giving the results of my experience on this subject, I would the grace of God in Christ, when expecting death, felt it say, that the preaching of the gospel faithfully, simply, and would not be right to conceal the instrumentality by which affectionately, is the chief instrument of saving good. In the she had been led to serious views. This often occurs. The parish where I laboured for thirteen years, I found that faith- Lord graciously keeps from his servant the knowledge of ful preaching, even when unaccompanied with any private what lie is doing through him, it may be, lest he should be remonstrances, put down many evil practices that at one time unduly exalted. Neither must the servant of the Lord be prevailed; and, among these, Sabbath entertainments, which discouraged by those cold, and sometimes positively rude, latterly were shunned by all, except the openly profane. The receptions which he meets with. They sometimes are but the preaching of the truth produced a tone of public feeling and preludes to success. It was so in the case of one whom the morals, which was recognised to be correct, and which was writer of these few lines remembers with much comfort. even owned as scriptural by the ungodly themselves. In K. S. was visited with severe bodily trouble, was ignorant country parishes, there is to be found generally little of and self-satisfied. The first statement of the gospel raised in theoretic, whatever there may be of practical, infidelity. As her the keenest feelings against the message and the mesthese notices, I presume, are meant for the benefit of those senger. But the mind was interested; and when she was who are commencing a ministerial life, this part of the writer's dealt with at a second interview, the enmity gave way to experience may be encouraging. A minister cannot go among Christian faith and the grace of the Spirit, which gradually his people, and allow, on their part, freedom of remark, with developed themselves during seven years of suffering, till she out having his own best thoughts presented to him again, and died, ripe for glory. But there must be close and faithful often with touching application. The neglect of pulpit pre- dealing. And it is where this is practised, that you may expect paration is equivalent to the casting away of the most potent benefit from the Sabbath-school. Little good is to be looked instrument of usefulness.

for, where a Sabbath-school is merely a school for lessons of But all the means work together; and a gracious Lord memory, or facts, or history. It is where you find the teacher blesses the setting forth of his truth in any way. In looking dealing with the conscience and the heart, and letting those over the names of your congregation, and considering who that are sitting round him see (and children will soon see this) of them -give signs of spiritual life, you will find that some that he has both a conscience and a heart himself, that you may were arrested by the steady preaching of the gospel from day expect and that you will meet with fruit. Some cry out to day. On others, the words that were dropped in a time of against Sabbath-schools, but it would be a good preparatory sickness, or in your domiciliary visits, have had a blessed question, What kind of Sabbath-schools do you object to ? It effect. That man or woman, that is now living consis- would be well, too, to recollect, that you are not to expect to tently, you remember coming out of some careless house in see the full effect of the rightly conducted Sabbath-school in the parish, to attend the Sabbath-school; and many a time early youth. Some effects, no doubt, you should and will you have got thanks from father and mother, for the care you see, but these are so much mixed up with the peculiarities of took of their child, or children, though they failed to see youth, that you may have to wait till these have passed before what was the chief cause why they should thank you, -your you can clearly perceive that grace has been operating. By rescuing them from the unhallowed influences of home, and this, I do not mean to say that gracious dealings on the part giving them a taste for better pleasures. Therefore, it is well of God are not to be witnessed in the young, to ply all the instruments which the Lord puts in our hand; The day declares the good. Appearances often deceive. they will be helpful to one another. We must not expect The writer of these lines was much gratified by perceiving an from our people, that they shall tell us at what time and in individual belonging to a careless family often affected to tears, what way they were brought to serious thought. There is, on and weeping too at times, when it was supposed the truth uttered the part of many, a dread lest their goodness should be as spoke to her imagined case. This object of interest fell sick, “the morning cloud ; 'and if one is to be happy only when he and appeared to be dying. When she was visited, and sub


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jects for prayer were mentioned to her, she stated, simply but There may not be much poetry, but there is common sense calmly, that till that occasion she had never prayed. How and piety, in the following stanza:

“ Few be our words and short our prayers, little we often know! How disappointing such cases! Pain

When we together meet; ful as this was, it produced little feeling compared with the

Short duties keep religion up:

And make devotion sweet. following. Thrown, in the Providence of God, into the society of a youth of rank and wealth, the gospel was stated to him. It captivated his imagination at the time, and appeared

LETTER FROM REV. ALEX. ANDERSON, to tell upon his conscience. And not only then, but often afterwards, the youth visited his instructor, protesting that he

OLD ABERDEEN, would be contented to spend all his life in a dungeon, provided

TO THE EDITOR OF THE FREE CHURCH MAGAZINE. he possessed the peace of God. These visits were paid in the

OLD ABERDEEN, 16th Sept., 1851. face of multitudes who made a mock of every thing serious. This same individual, afterwards, scrupled not to pass the house, Number for the present month, two letters by me,-one pab

DEAR SIR,-You have been pleased to notice, in your where he had uttered such desires with tears, on his way to

lished in May last year, addressed to Dr M'Crie on his Lei. haunts of sin so vile, as the basest of the neighbourhood would tures on Christian Baptism, and another, having reference to have been ashamed to visit. Truly, fishers of men, like those the same question--not published, but sent by me to a portion after whom they are named, toil much without success ; they of the leading ministers of the Free Church and others in the lose the object of their toil, when, as they think, it is secured, Presbyteries of Edinburgh, Perth, &c. You have, in answer, -but their Master graciously rewards them, not for their suc

presented me with an argument, intended to supply the article

of identity between the old and new dispensations which is cess,

but for their toil and labour,—“their work of faith and demanded, and which argument you think is “calculated to labour of love."

J. T. give no little difficulty to the Baptists."

Your Magazine being a denominational one, I am not sure

that you would be inclined to grant me the permission of deTHE PRAYER WAS TOO LONG.

bating the subject in your own pages. I hope, however, that (From an American Paper.)

you will allow me to state the terms on which I am prepared Well, that is a fault. We have no model in the Bible for a (v.v.) to engage in such a discussion, either in the pages of your long prayer. The longest recorded is that of Solomon, upon Magazine, or hy separate publication, and the grounds ja the momentous, special occasion of the dedication of the which, at the expense, perhaps, of allowing you a seeming temple. The deliberate offering of this would scarcely occupy triumph, I decline meeting the particular argument sich eight minutes. One of the shortest, that of the publican, which you have confronted me :“God be merciful to me a sinner," may be offered in one

I. Your article, in so far as I understand it, derives the breathing; and it was answered. “Lord, save, I perish,” alleged element of identity between the old and new dispeeand “ Lord, help me," are patterns of earnest, effectual sations, not from a comparison of the Scripture revelations prayer. Earnestness utters its desires directly, briefly, even

concerning the nature of each, but from certain supposed abruptly. We are not heard because of much speaking."

principles of natural law, determining the unity of parent and The prayer was too long. It is certainly difficult for us to child as a necessary truth under all dispensations, and thereconcentrate our thoughts with the intensity that devotion re- fore warranting us to hold that this unity must exist under quires for a long time; or to maintain, without weariness, the the new dispensation, as it confessedly did exist and exists proper attitude of prayer. Remembering this

, he who leads still, to certain effects, under the covenant with Abraham, publicly in prayer, representing not simply his own desires, in its reference to his natural posterity. This, however, is but those of the congregation, should go no further than he

not the argument of the Standards with which I contended; reasonably may hope to carry with him their thonghts and

which rests the identity of the two dispensations on an alleged devotions. All beyond this, if it be sincere, is private prayer,

oneness of “substance" between the Abrahamic covenant and and should be uttered in the closet. If it be not sincere, it the covenant of grace, as the nature of each is revealed in the is hypocrisy.

Word of God. The prayer was too long.--Perhaps the good brother did Again, your argument appears to maintain that the children not know it. In the self-forgetfulness of devotion, perhaps

of believing and saved parents, being in a state of infancy, he took “no note of time." As the prayers of the social

are saved with these parents, in virtue of their alleged unity meeting are generally too long, he was but extending a bad with them (p. 273). I know no Scripture ground for such a custom. Now, if you were kindly to mention it to him, not

distinction between the infant children of believers and those complainingly, but as though you really desired to promote of “ heathens, or of unbelieving professors." Your view, his usefulness and influence, might it not have a good result? however, cannot be that of the Westminster Standards, when Just try it; and if he is a reasonable Christian, he will thank they assign to the children of believers an interest in the

covenant of grace. If the privilege alleged in the Standards The prayer was too long.-Perhaps your own heart was not means a saving interest in the covenant of grace at all, it in a proper frame to sympathise with the devotions. You did must be a sure and everlasting interest, involving a permanent not pray in private before you came to the public meeting, change both of character and state, not to be lost by their and consequently you wanted a praying spirit. There was passing the years of infancy, this certainty and unchangeable. then but little fellowship of spirit between you and the bro- ness being the very characteristic distinction of the promise of ther who sought to express what ought to be your desires; the covenant of grace. Such a view, however, being contraand if his heart was warm, and yours cold, it is no wonder dicted by facts, the Standards, when they speak directly of you thought the prayer was too long.

the work of the Holy Ghost in connection with baptism, reThe prayer vas too long.-Was there any preaching in it? strict it, not to the infants of true believers, but to "such Sometimes brethren aim to instruct the congregation, and (whether of age or infants) as that grace belongeth unto acsubstantially turn their prayers into exhortations or state

cording to the counsel of God's own will, in his appointed ments of doctrine. I think, in all such cases, it would greatly time." The Standards, with more wisdom, as I think, than add to the interest and profitableness of the meeting, if a divi

has been evinced by the contributor of your article, have, in sion were made, and the things that differ were separated.

dealing with the subject of infant salvation, declined to rest is The prayer was too long.–Was it formal and heartless ? on any other ground than the sovereign will and purpose of Without unction and earnestness, did it seem as though the

God—the rule and the method of executing which, as in the brother prayed merely because he was called upon, without present matter it has no bearing on the question of our duty, appearing to have any special errand to the throne of grace ?

he has not been pleased to reveal to us. Did he seem to pray merely to fill up the time, or to perform

In respect to both the above points your argument is novel, his part in the prescribed routine of service Was it the and different from that which, as contained in the Standards, same old stereotyped prayer which he always offers, as though

I endeavoured to confute. circumstances never changed, and our wants and supplies

II. In dealing with the argument of the Standards, my were always the same? If it were so, then the prayer was

first object, in both letters, has been to disprove the identity certainly too long, even if it occupied only one monient, of the Abrahamic covenant and the covenant of grace, on the

you for it.

assumption of which identity the Westminster Standards the family and national membership of the whole posterity of argue summarily from the administration of the one to that Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, possessed by them from the beof the other. I have stated in my second letter a series of ginning under a covenant of law, has, both in fact and in prin. reasons for denying this doctrine, each of which, as I believe, ciple, been, under the new covenant, expressly repealed. If by itself goes conclusively to show a distinction of “substance my proof of this position is, as I believe, irrefragable, then it between the two covenants; several of them showing at the is useless, so long as the paramount authority of the Word same time a contrast on that very point of hereditary privi- of God is allowed, to attempt to support the practice of lege, on which the argument in question supposes the identity infant baptism from less direct considerations, even although to exist.

these may be derived from the Scriptures, not to speak of a Having thus stated objections which appear to be fatal to priori arguments such as that adduced in your article. the scriptural argument for infant baptism as expressed in While I have given, therefore, what abundantly satisfies my the Standards, I think that I cannot fairly be asked by any own mind as a confutation of the theory of an interest in the Free Churchman to deal with another argument, whether de- covenant of grace, or the covenant with Abraham, alleged on rived from Scripture, or, as in the present case, from the behalf of the posterity of believers in the Westminster Stanprinciples of natural law, until he has either shown the un- dards, it seems to me that it would be a waste of time to dissoundness of my objections, or acknowledged that the framers cuss even this question in its reference to baptism, until first of the Standards have rested their practice on an untenable the argument of the fourth head of my last letter in its six. ground.

articles has been fairly met and answered. III. I have never said-although you ascribe to me some In truth, the doctrine of the gracious and spiritual constistatement of this kind---neither do I believe, that Free Church tution of the New Testament church lies, I believe, at the ministers, or the framers of the Standards, intend to assert the foundation of this whole subject; and in the humble hope hereditary salvation of the posterity of believers as children that my brethren, giving me credit at least for a sincere reof the covenant of grace, however their language and the gard to truth, will bear with me in urging my belief on their practice of infant baptism may be held fairly to involve it- consideration, I propose as soon as possible to address to them and however inevitably it tends to foster such a delusion in another letter specially on this branch of the subject. Forthe minds of the ignorant. I believe that in asserting a here- / give me for appropriating and reiterating the words of your ditary interest possessed by these parties in the covenant of article: “It were well if men, instead of broaching theories grace, they used the language in a loose sense, intending only which oppose a fundamental law” of new covenant administo assert 'some sort of improper interest in the covenant of tration, “would lend their energies and lives for the reviving grace, the nature of which no one at the present day, so far as of that great institute (the church), on the revival of which sa I know, endeavours to explain, and the vagueness and uncer- much depends, even the salvation of this lost world.”—I am, tainty of which ought, I think, to excuse a certain amount of &c. obscurity in any attempt to ascertain its character with a

ALEX, ANDERSON. view to its confutation. ` I have made the supposition that it may be intended to signify a family covenant with the poste- [Out of courtesy to Mr Anderson we insert his letter. He rity of every believer, of the same or a similar nature with will pardon our appending to it a remark or two. The article the covenant still in force with the posterity of Abraham in

on which he comments was written, not with the design of the line of Isaac and Jacob, as is formally maintained by at least one eminent divine of a former age; and I have given

commencing a controversial discussion of this vexed question, what appear to be conclusive reasons for rejecting this theory.

but of supplying an argument on the opposite side to such of Before entering on a new argument, I am entitled to expect our readers as may have met with Mr Anderson's letters. Our that either this view of the subject shall be disclaimed, or my friend must be aware that the question at issue is not his parobjections to it removed.

ticular views of the Abrahamic Church and Covenant, but IV. Perhaps when the infants of believers are said to have

Infant Baptism. And supposing that his letters were to effect an interest in the covenant of grace, no more is intended than to state the fact that they are born in outward connection

the design ke has in view, they would issue in making us with the church of Christ, and so have a special claim on its Baptists, and not in merely overturning some particular theory prayers and sympathies, which it may be hoped that God will we may have of the Covenant of Grace, or the phraseology acknowledge and bless. Why a thing so plain should be ex- we employ in giving expression to our ideas on that subject. pressed in language so ambiguous and liable to be fatally mis

Mr A. will pardon us for saying, that we have the greatest understood, I do not undertake to explain. Understanding it, indeed, in its proper sense, it would go far to bring the difficulty. in ascertaining what he means, though we have class in question fairly within the description of the proper

conned his three letters with exemplary patience and care; but subjects of Christian baptism,-and this double sense of the

our idea is, that he is anxious to lead us all to take the step language gives to the argument of the Standards the only he himself has taken. Ere we take such a step, then, we must plausibility which it can possess to one who knows the place

test it in every possible way; and if there be any principle of assigned to the ordinance of baptism in the Word of God. But divine truth which his theory and its results would demonthe view of the position of our children now under consideration, is itself beyond the reach of dispute. Only the question strably controvert, then we suppose the natural inference is, remains, How do you derive from this view authority for bap

that the untrue lies in the line of argument he adopts, and not tizing them ? I apprehend that this question is to be answered, either in the church's practice or in her standards. This prinnot by quoting the example of circumcision in the Abrahamic ciple we gave. Mr Anderson, we are bound to assume, took church, at least until you have shown, on scriptural grounds, his present position, because he believed that ALL TRUTH-that the dispensations are identical, and the cases in all re

both natural and revealed-afforded no countenance to Infant spects parallel, and parallel especially in regard to the matter of hereditary privilege in the house of God,—not either by Baptism, and not merely because he believed he could find abstruse and precarious considerations concerning the unity of fault with the phraseology of the Standards, or even the founparent and child, derived from the principles of natural law, dation on which they place the matter. For the state of the but by reference to the revelations of the Word of God con question is this: Is Infant Baptism in accordance with the cerning the designs of Christian baptism and the rule of its truth of God, or is it not? If it be not, it can stand no test administration, as these are connected with the supernatural either of fundamental principle or of specific revelation; but and gracious principles of the New Covenant and of the New Covenant Church.-(Heb. viii. 10-12; Acts ii. 41, 47; 1 Cor. if it be, then no quarrel with the Standards of our Church will iii. 9; 2 Cor. iii. 3-6; Gal. iii. 27-29.)

have any other effect than that of making us doubt the soundV. I have endeavoured, under the fourth head of my last ness of those views which our friend labours so very earnestly letter, to show that even supposing the truth of the theory of to enforce. Very much has been written to show that Revea hereditary interest in the Abrahamic covenant possessed by lation decides the question of Infant Baptism in the affirmathe families of believers, and supposing the unity to this extent between a believing parent and his child, baptism, as a

tive. And to such books as “ Roberts' Mysterie and Marrow,'' badge of membership in the Church of Christ, belongs only and “Gillespie's Miscellany Questions,” to mention no more, to saved persons, and is to be administered by us only to those there is yet no answer; and that natural principles speak the who appear to have become partakers of salvation, and that same language, we think was shown pretty clearly in our article.*? To show this occupied but small space; to discuss Mr of dutiful and lusty youth: gazing with glazed eye: silent A.'s letters would have occupied a very large space; but we

with wise wonder. do not in the least shrink from the discussiou, aud at some

Jere sits a laughing child, upon a gleaming cannon, future time we may perhaps enter upon it.]

Yonder is a blind man, sigh:less amidst surrounding splendours: but there is one telling him tenderly that he stands beside the statue of Milton.

There, in the glistening centre of the Transept, stands an Moies on Sew Hoolis,

aged exile: venerable: widowed : once a Queen: looking

at the tranquil image of Queen Victoria : meditating, with a The Lily and the Bee. An A pologue of the Crystal l’ulace.

sigh, on the happy security of her throne," By SAMUEL WARREN, F.R.S.


THE LILY. We cannot say that we regard this as a very successful pro- * Lovely Lily, Queen of Flowers! duction. It is a sort of Prose-Poem suggested by the Crystal O what grace and glory thine ! Palace-a string of meditations and emotions called forth by And exhaling fragrance, too! that marvellous scene. Fine thoughts and high feelings Sweeter, infinitely far, than sweetest of perfumes ! gleam here and there; but the endless accumulation of high- O, neglected Queen of Flowers ! Benignant one! Hown language is really too much for us. It is the irregular Blooming then, and ever since, and now, and impulsive style of writing run wild. Mr Warren is a Balm diffusing for the Broken-hearted! man of genius, an able and powerful writer; but we cannot Hope for Hopeless! think he has consulted his permanent reputation in this

Faith for Faithless! work. It is but justice to say, that it is pervaded by an

Emblem divine ! elevated tone of piety, exalting God, and humbling man; From thy fragrant bosom, stream unseen, though even the piety is too general and sentimental to do Into my heart, with care oppressed, with trouble laden, much practical good. We suhjoin two short specimens, one Sweetness from Heaven! of the more descriptive, the other of the more sentimental, Wisdom! Goodness! portion of the volume :

Pride abasing, raising Lowliness!

Presumption, and Distrust!

Reproving with a tender Majesty,
" - Amazing spectacle! Touchstone of character! capa- God, man,
city! and knowledge !

Spectacle, now lost in the spectators: then spectators, in Cease, then, aching and repining heart ! the spectacle!

Come, thou Lily, Rich: poor: gentle: simple : wise: foolish: young: old: So royally arrayed with Glory out of Hearer, learned: ignorant: thoughtful: thoughtless: haughty: hum- Thou, the Lovely, ever Loved! ble: frivolous: profound :

Thou hallowed, hallowing Flower! Every grade of intellect: every shade of character !

Come, thou mystic lovely One! Here is a voluble smatterer: suddenly discomfited by the Whispering tenderly of Heaven, chauce question of a curious child : and rather than owu

Come, let me humbly press thee to my heartignorance, will tell him falsely.

Stilling its throb, and silencing its sigh, There a bustling piece of earth : one of the earth, earthy: O thou sweet Flower! testing every thing by money value.

See! the tears I shed, and all for lo e of Thee! Here is a stale bundle of prejudices, hard bound together: From a heart so overcharged, to whom every thing here is topsy-turvy, and discoloured, Gently by thyself distilled. seen through jaundiced eyes.

- Peace, troubled Ileart! Here comes one, serenely unconscious that he is a fool. Peace! Be still!

There is one suddenly startled by a suspicion that he knows Before the Flower, whereby, scarcely any thing.

One dead, yet speaketh, Here is one listening, with seeming lively interest, and Sitting on the throne of God, assenting gestures, to a scientific explanation, of which he Unto the listening heart of Man, comprehends nothing; but appearances must be kept up. His Dearly Loved,

There is one falsely thinking himself the observed of ob- And Life-bought Man. servers; trying to look unconscious, and distinguished.

I hear! and make me ever hear! Here is one that will not see a timid poor relation, or an That still small Voice. humble friend; as fashionable folk are near.

Yonder is a statesman: gliding about alone: watchful: -So shall I never know Despair, thoughtful: cautious: pondering national characters: habits: Nor see his fell eye fixed on mine. capabilities: localities : wants : superfluities: rival systems Poor! poor, mid all this Wealth, of policy, their fruits and workings : imagining new combina- Within this Palace all so glorious, tions : speculating on remote consequences.

Truly deemed, Is here one abhorring England, and her institutions : hop- | Standing alone, ing he sees her approaching downfal, their subversion ? With Gems, and Gold, and Silver,

Yonder walks one who has committed, or is meditating, Ruby, crystal, coral, pearl, great crime; and hoping that his heavy eye may here be And all Precious Things, attracted, and his mind dazzled into a moment's forgetfulness; Glistening every where around: but it is in vain.

If my spirit for a moment falter, There is a philosopher, to whose attuned ear the Spectacle Lily, I will think of thee, speaks myriad-tongued: telling of patient sagacity : long And living, hope and love, and patient wait, foiled, at length—or suddenly-triumphant: of centuries of And peaceful die, misdirected, abortive toil: of pain, suffering, privation : of With the Lily on my heart, oue sowing what another shall reap :

Sweetly stilled, in death." Here is a philanthropist-thinking of blood-stained slavery.

Of millions, dealt with as though they were the very beasts that perish : 'bought : sold : scourged: slain : as if their

Unitarianism : Its History, Doctrines, and Tendencies. By

the Rev. M. G. Easton, A.M. Maker had not seen them, nor heard their groans, nor trea

Glasgow : 1851. sured their tears: nor set them down against the appointed THE erection of a Unitarian chapel in the town of Girvad, Reckoning.

where the author labours, led him to compose this clear and Here is one, little thinking that he will suddenly fall compact exposition of the errors and tendencies of that system. dead to-morrow: having much on hand, both of business and It will be found a useful and instructive manual for popular pleasure.

use, where the means of obtaining large treatises do not exist, There is one tottering under the weight of ninety years : for all who are showing any tendencies towards that " frigid to whom the grashopper is a burden : leaning on the arms zone of Christianity.'' We would recommend the writer, in


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a second edition, to give more prominence to the phase which lake, bathing the feet of some of the smallest of Erin's mounUnitarianism has assumed in our own day, in the writings of tains. No pilgrimage to the Rhine can be compared to a such men as Newman, Greg, Martineau, and the whole Chap- visit to Conemara. I have just received a letter from this man school. The “ History of Unitarianism is not complete region, which states that 'the Scriptures are now being read without a notice of Dr Channing, to whom we do not find any through twelve well appointed districts; that some of the reference in Mr Easton's volume.

Popish chapels are almost deserted; that some have been

thrown down; that between four and five thousand persons What is the Duty of Seceders in reference to Union with the have left the errors of Rome, and that the priests, some of

Free Church ? By a WORKING MAN. Edin. : 1851. them, are about to emigrate to America.' The Rev. John In a modest but graceful manner, the “ Working Man” pre- Gregg, a most excellent minister of this city, "visited fifty-six sents the clear and sober sense of a subject which some people congregations, composed of converts, inquirers, and Roman contrive wonderfully to mystify, and comes to the conclusion Catholics, varying in number from fifty to six huudred.' In that there is nothing to justify the “ Original Seceders" in this small peninsula, with its adjoining districts in Galway refusing to unite with the Free Church. We commend his and Mayo, which form the diocese of Tuam, there are ten pamphlet to all interested in the subject.

thousand converts regularly gathered into Protestant communi

ties. The Bishop was an anti-convert man; but, from the Second Class Book of Physical Geography; Embracing, flood of inquiry rising up around him,

he has been compelled Organic Life, and the Geographical Distribution of to join in the movement. Bishop Daly, who himself has Plants, Animals, and Man. By Wm. Rhind.

often preached at the back of a chair to an Irish-speaking

Edinburgh: 1851. peasantry, declared in a speech, recently delivered in Exeter Tais little manual contains more information than we could

Hall, “that, in Connaught alone, ten thousand souls had been

reclaimed out of the Church of Rome.' These several withave supposed it possible to give in 96 pages. Though con. densed, the information is given in an interesting style, and

nesses doubtless are true. The facts are remarkable. They is not over-crowded. We can very decidedly recommend it

accord with my own knowledge and convictions of Connaught. to the attention of teachers, who will find that school-lessons

Before the visit of the excellent Hampshire Rector, I had may be very greatly enlivened by a little instruction on the

made two extensive tours through its more destitute parts, and extremely interesting subjects treated here.

to some of its most desolate islands. Never did a people ap

pear more willingly to congregate together for the purpose of A Defence of Infant Baptism : 'embodying Replies to Car

hearing the gospel. I reported to the Committees of the son, Campbell, Noel, de. By the Author of a Catechism

Irish Evangelical Society' that, for miles and miles--in one on Christian Baptism.

Paisley: 1851.

district for twenty-one miles-I could discover no place of The substance of this work appeared some time ago, in the

worship at all, either Romanist or Protestant; that there was

not a Nonconformist minister for every 51,000 souls; that pages of the “Scottish Presbyterian," the Magazine of the Reformed Presbyterian Church. The subject is discussed with

there were upwards of 800,000 people out of the million and

half in the province of Connaught who could neither read nor very great acuteness and clearness, and with a liveliness and

write. The winter following this visit, I made a second good-temper that form a striking contrast to the tone of most controversial discussions. The conclusions are brought out

journey at the request of the Committee. I found the people in a forcible and convincing manner; and, altogether, the

anxious to hear the Gospel-most anxious for schools; the work is a useful contribution to a subject which excites so

sites were selected; a chain of schools, such as would have the much interest at the present day.

industrial element infused into their constitution, was fixed upon; in some cases, the masters were chosen; the Committees

in Dublin and London had agreed to the plan, but, alas! I reOeneral Intelligence.

turned to England only to hear that the Society was embarrassed with another debt, that nothing new could be done

which might prevent appeals for its removal. Only one perCONVERSIONS IN IRELAND.

son knows of the bitter disappointment which was inflicted. The following deeply interesting passage is from a letter writ- Mr Dallas had the advantage of going direct to all England. ten by the Rev. J. D. Smith, an independent minister in

He found the people willing enough to aid in a work to which Dublin, in reply to certain disparaging remarks by the British it appeared evident God had called his servants. At that Banner, on Protestant Missions in Ireland, with the view of

time only two places of worship existed between Galway and rousing British Congregationalists from their apathy, by show- the Atlantir. Now eight more are determined on, in order ing the success which has attended the exertions of other de

to meet the wants of the converts. Where much of this work nominations:

is progressing, I have delegated to preach the Word of Life “ It is a source of congratulation to all who take a lively to a multitude of grateful auditors. I have known them come interest in Ireland to know, that a most powerful impulse has for ten miles under an inclement sky, and return on the same been given to popular feeling on the subject of scriptural in- night to their mountain horels amidst a heavy fall of snow. quiry, which, through the Divine blessing, is already produc- How some of these congregations at present meet, may be tive of results highly favourable to the Protestant religion. imagined from a scene in Kerry-for the work has extended All denominations--our own excepted-(and this surely there also-written from the spot by an eye-witness. should be known and felt by us)-have thrown an impulse into the country most unexpected in itself, and most astonish- "" I stood," he remarks, upon a rock overhanging the ing in its results. The Church of England, by means of its wild waves of the Atlantic, near to the village of Ballybunnion. more pious members, and by voluntary effort, has effectuated It was eventide, and the setting sun was gilding the ocean; a movement in the West worthy of the name of a reformation. here was a little bay with its beautiful pebbly beach; and Ministers are preaching out-of-doors as well as in-doors; in there was a stupendous rugged cliff, with the waves dashing cabins, and in cottages, as well as in churches, to crowds of against it, and rebounding in boiling foam and feathered spray, converts from Romanism. More than one Bishop now seeks or rushing into the caverns beneath with noise loud as the congregations in mere huts and hovels of the poor. In one capnon's roar. case where a great change has been effected, the Bishop, it is 66 " Before me was the ruin of an ancient castle, telling that said, instead of making converts of the people, has been made once some noble kept watch and ward, and presenting a a convert of by them. Wonders are being done in Conemara striking contrast with the fisherman's huts or the village alone. How simple, how interesting, the origin of the move- cottages around. ment! Mr Dallas, a Hampshire minister, goes over to that "* A group of peasants were seen, clean and orderly in region in quest of health. But few invalids choose such a their gait; and then another and another group appeared, spot; but few have had the good fortune to know of it. Yes, wending their way over cliff and rock and strand to the but few know of Loch Corrib, with its hundred islands; or the village school-house, where the missionary of the Irish Society Killeries Mountains, with their eagle abodes, and salubrious was about to preach the word of eternal life; and then the air; or of the rich dewy valleys, with the melody of their bathing cottages sent their contributions of souls inquiring the woods, and the fragrance of their flowers. In fact, few scenes way to Zion; and amid the sand-hills outside the town might are more interesting or more romantic, than wild but fond be seen the blue mantle and red petticoat of the Kerry peasant Conemara.' There are heard the most majestic falls of the women, all bending their steps to hear of Jesus in their own Atlantic; there are seen the most peaceful waters of loch and loved tongue. It was a beautiful sight to see 100 converts,


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