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self to any very practical measures; but is it nothing coming. This is remarkably the case with Mr Wylie's to have demonstrated before Christendom the essen- volume-we should say it is its reigning charactertial oneness of thousands of Christian pastors and istic. With much power, with no less clearness, and flocks throughout the world? Is it nothing to have with more than usual eloquence, the diabolical sysit made plain to an incredulous generation, that tem is described. Its tortuous machinations, its Christians do love each other still? Is it nothing policy, such as makes Machiavelli a fool,-its hatred to have concentrated the attention of the churches of all that is scriptural and divine, are here depicted on our points of agreement rather than our points in a way which may make us masters of at least all of divergence? Is it nothing to have Popery un. the salient points of the controversy. masked, as it was by Dr Cunningham, or German For example: many Protestant writers are much atheism, pantheism, and infidelity analyzed as it was in the habit of dealing with the Papacy as if it were by Dr Krummacher, at the recent meetings in Lon. a church. Not merely do Puseyites in England, with don? On the contrary, a large amount of substan- Froud at their head, deemn it by turns their sister, or tial good has been done. Christians have been shown their mother, or "Christ's holy home”-even some how they can commend the truth, and how the truth who have better pretensions to the name of Christians will prosper. The solitary struggler in Christ's cause than these dupes of superstition still concede that the has been cheered, the persecuted have been aided, Papacy is a form of Christianity, or its worship a and consolation administered even to the bleeding thing which the holy God may accept. Now, is it heart of crushed and priest-ridden Italy by means of possible that Antichrist, or Antichristianism, can be the Evangelical Alliance.

a portion of Christ's church? Can she who is branded The volume whose title we have transcribed, and as the Whore and the Beast really form a component part to which we would now draw attention, is another of that body of which Christ is the head? Men index of the benefits produced, and to be expected speak of the indelible orders of Rome, and we are from the Alliance. Some time ago, three prizes were not ignorant of the ecclesiastical difficulties which enoffered for essays on Popery, and Mr Wylie carried viron the subject; but speaking as Christians, and off the first. A perusal of it has taught us not to knowing that whatever is opposed to the truth of wonder that the adjudicators unanimously assigned God is an abomination in his sight, can we any longer to the treatise the rank which it holds. It is one of indulge the fond and shallow delusion that Antithe most elaborate and thorough exposures of Popery, christ is a portion of Christ's church, that the Mother both in its principles and development, which could of Abominations can be aught but an abomination to easily be found in the compass of a single volume. Him? We rejoice that this sentiment is gaining The work is divided into four books, comprehending ground. The baptism of Rome is denied to be Christhirty-six chapters; and in that space the whole field tian baptism, and we know some converts from her of the controversy, in its leading characteristics, is who have been re-baptized. Proclamation has been traversed with a power, an eloquence, and an appre- made with a ringing trumpet-blast, that she is not to ciation of the malignant nature of the Papacy, which be reformed but destroyed. That has been listened has rarely been surpassed by its most vigorous as- to and approved in some of our highest places; and sailants. The first book contains the history of the we hail that approbation as a token that the depths Papacy; the second, the dogmas of the Papacy, to of the Mystery of Iniquity begin to be fathomed by which twenty chapters are devoted; the third book some who were recently not indisposed to smile, delineates the genius and influence of the Papacy; askance at least, on the pretensions of her who is and the fourth describes its present policy and pros- drunk with the blood of God's saints. pects,-and under each of these a very ample digest Mr Wylie's volume will tend to promote and deepen is given. Moreover, a very clear delineation is these convictions. Like one who has studied with submitted to the reader of the more than human in- care that system which is founded on the necessary genuity which devised, and the more than human ruin of souls, and built up by a combined cunning power which maintains, that system which joins hands and ferocity such as the world never elsewhere witwith Hinduism, and other colossal superstitions, in nessed, he has denied that Popery is a church at grinding and ruining the souls of men.

all:One thing which the perusal of this volume suggests is full of encouragement to the friends of truth,

“ The Church (so called) of Rone has no right to rank -we mean, a prize has been awarded to one who

amongst Christian churches. She is not a church, neither

is her religion the Christian religion. We are accustomed to speaks out boldly and uncompromisingly against speak of Popery as a corrupt form of Christianity. We conPopery as the offspring of the father of lies. Å few cede too much. The Church of Rome bears the same rela. years ago, such views would scarcely have been tole- tion to the Church of Christ which the hierarchy of Baal bore rated, even by some thinking minds. They would

to the institute of Moses; aud Popery stands related to Chrishave been ascribed to intolerance and bigotry. It tianity only in the same way in which Paganism stood related might have been supposed that the men who em

to primeval Revelation. Popery is not a corruption simply,

but a transformation. It may be difficult to fix the time ployed such language had succeeded by inheritance when it passed from the one into the other; but the change to the persecuting spirit of which they complained. is incontestible. Popery is the gospel transubstantiated into But the Pope has disabused men's mind at once of the flesh and blood of Paganism, under a few of the accidents their supineness, and their puling, and unscriptural of Christianity.”—P. 14, note. charity. The mask has fallen, to some extent, from the abettors of the arch-apostasy; or rather, Papists nies that Popery is a religion :

In the same thorough.going spirit, Mr Wylie dehave become insolent enough to cast it away; and when their “hateful mien” is beheld, men do not

“We but perplex ourselves," he says, “ when we think or scruple to depict the system in all the offensiveness speak of it simply as a religion. It contains the religious of its own inherent character, and all the malignity domination of a mixed character, partly spiritual and partly

element, no doubt; but it is not a religion:---it is a scheme of which signalizes, and will signalize Papacy, till it temporal; and its jurisdiction must be of the same mixed be destroyed by the brightness of the Redeemer's kind with its constitution. To talk of the popedom wield


ing a purely spiritual authority only, is to assert what her saints and angels, and especially the Virgin; and thus it blasfundamental principles repudiate. These principles compel phemes the one Mediator between God and man. In fine, it her to claim the temporal also. The two authorities grow out blasphemes the person and the office of the Spirit as the saneof the same fundamental axiom, and are so woven together tifier, because it teaches that its sacraments can make holy; in the system, and so indissolubly knit the one to the other, and it blasphemes God, by teaching that its priests can pardon that the Papacy must part with both or none. The popedom, sin, and can release from the obligations of divine law. Thus then, stauds alone. In genius, in constitution, and in prero- has Popery counterfeited, and, by counterfeiting, set aside, all gative, it is diverse from all other societies. The Church of that is vital and valuable in Christianity. It robs Christ of Rome is a temporal monarchy as really as she is an ecclesias- his Kingly office, by exalting the Pope to his throne; it robs tic body; aud in token of her hybrid character, her head, the

him of his Priesthood in the sacrifice of the mass; it robs bim Pope, displays the emblems of both jurisdictions,--the keys of his power as Mediator, by substituting Mary; it robs him in the one hand, the sword in the other.”—P. 97.

of his Prophetical office, by substituting the teachings of an

infallible church; it robs God the Spirit of his peculiar work Nor is this the result of mere Protestant antipathy. as the Sanctifier, by attributing the power of conferring grace This author gives a reason of the convictions which to its own ordinances; and it robs God the Father of his prehe holds regarding the abhorrent system of the rogatives, by assuming the power of justifying and pardoning Papacy, which cannot easily be gainsaid:-

men.”—P. 404. “ Rome has a fine histrionic genius," he says.

6. She has And just once more ;-eclipsed all other actors that ever appeared in the world. What is the Papacy but a mighty melo-drama, which, accord

“ We dishonour religion by giving that holy name to what ing to the vein of the hour, runs out into the humours and

was so called within the Church of Rome. The piety of the fooleries of comerly, or deepens into the horrors of tragedy ?

tines, as we have already shown, was essentially and undis: All the persons and verities of eternal truth pass in shadow guisedly paganism. Religion, appalled by these gigantic corbefore the spectator in Rome's scenic exhibition. She affects

ruptions, which had only borrowed her name the more effecto play over again the grand drama, of which the universe is tually to counterwork her purpose, had filed, to bury berrelf the stage, and eternity the development,-redemption. And

in the caves of the earth, or to find a shelter amid eternal for what end? That she may hide from man the reality. Her

snows and inaccessible cliffs. A vast theocracy wielded the system is essentially counterfeit, and all she does is pervaded

destinies of Europe. A blind, irresponsible, and infallible by a spirit of imposture and juggling. But in some of her

despotisnı, issuing its decrees from behind a veil which mor. rítes she lays aside her usual disguise, thin enough at the best,

tal dared not lift, sat enthroned upon the rights and liberties, and reveals her art to all as but a piece of naked witchcraft.

the conscience and the intellect, the souls and the bodies, of If those are not spells which she commands her priests to

Such was the Papacy !-a monstrous compound of operate with on certain occasions, Hecate herself never used

spiritual and temporal power, -of old idolatries and Christian incantation or charm. We open her missals, and find them

forms,--of secret frauds and open force,--of roguery and simbut books of sorcery; they are filled with recipes or spells for

plicity,--of perfidies, hypocrisies, and villanies of all sorts and doing all manner of supernatural feats,--exorcising demons,

degrees, -of priests and soldiers,- of knaves and fools, of working miracles, and infusing new and extraordinary quali

monks, friars, cardinals, kings, and popes,--of mountebanks ties into things animate and inanimate. She has her cabalis- of every kind, hypocrites of every class, and villains of every tic words, which, if uttered by a priest in the appropriate

grade,-all banded together in one fearful conspiracy, ta defy dress, will bind or loose men, send them to paradise, or slut

God and ruin man!"--Pp. 433, 434. them up in purgatory. What is this but magic? What is the Church of Rome but a company of conjurors ? and what

While these extracts from Mr Wylie's valuable is her worship but a system of divination ? Has she not an

volume may enable our readers to judge of its tone order of exorcists, specially and formally ordained to the some- and vigour, it would be wrong not to enter somewhat what dangerous office of fighting with and overcoming hob- more minutely into some of its arguments. The goblins and devils? Has she not her regular formulas, by portion on which we bave lingered the longest, is the which she can change the qualities of substances, control the elements of air, earth, and water, and compel spirits and

first book, where the author traces, we think with demons to do the bidding of her priests? Can any man of

unusual power, the development of the Papal system, plain understanding take this for religion? What is her

and its gradual increment from small beginnings, till grand rite, but an incantation, which combines more than the Upas-like it overspread the whole of Christendom. foulness of ancient sorcery with more than the blasphemy of In this portion there are some pleasing generaliza. modern atheism ? And yet do not kings, presidents, and tions, a specimen of which we submit, to show how statesmen, countenance its celebration ? and, while themselves practising this foul sorcery, and leading others by their

competent our author is to grapple with his subject, influence to practise it, they affect to be shocked at the im

colossal as it is :pieties of modern socialism ! We excuse not Voltaire and the other high priests of infidelity ; but it is indisputable that

“ Great truths,” he says, " are discovered, one after one;

they are opinion first,--they become the basis of action next; they treated the human understanding with more respect than and thus society is lifted up, by slow degrees, to the platform do the stoled and mitred sorcerers, who first create, then eat where the Creator has ordained it shall ultimately stand. A their god.”—Pp. 303, 304.

great principle, once discovered, can never be lost; and thus And again he says :

the progress of the world is steadily onward, Truth may not

be immediately operative. To recur to the Saviour's figure, “ Popery is the counterfeit of Christianity,-a most elabo- it may be the seed sown in the earth. It may be confined to rate and skilfully contriven counterfeit, à counterfeit in a single bosom, or to a single book, or to a single school ; but which the form is faithfully preserved, the spirit utterly ex- it is part of the constitution of things; it is agreeable to the tinguished, and the end completely inverted. This counterfeit nature of God, and in harmony with his government; and so church has its high priest,--the Pope. --who blasphemes the it cannot perish. Proofs begin to gather around it; events fall royal priesthood of Christ, by assuming his office, when he out which throw light upon it: the martyr dies for it; society pretends to be Lord of the conscience, Lord of the church, and suffers by neglecting to shape its course in conformity with Lord of the world; and by assuming his names, when he calls

it; other minds begin to embrace it; and after reaching a himself the Light of the World, the King of Glory,''the certain stage, its adherents increase in geometrical progresLion of the tribe of Judah,' Christ's Vicar, and God's Vice- sion: at last the whole of society is leavened; and thus the gerent. This counterfeit church has, too, its sacrifice,-the world is listed a stage higher, never again to be let down. mass:—which blasphemes the sacrifice of Christ, by virtually the stage, we say, once fully secured, is never altogether teaching its inefficiency, and needing to be repeated, as is lost; for the truth, in fighting its way, has left behind it so done when Christ's very body and blood are again offered in many monuments of its power, in the shape of the errors and sacrifice by the hands of the priests of Rome, for the sins of sufferings, as well as of the emancipation, of mankind, that the living and the dead. This church has, moreover, its it becomes a great landmark in the progress of our race. It Bible, which is tradition, which blasphemes the Word of God, attains in the social mind all the clearness and certainty of by virtually teaching its insufficiency. It has its mediators, an axiom. The history of the world, when read aright, is


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not so much a record of the follies and wickedness of man- tracing with much tact, and historical truth, the real kind, as it is a series of moral demonstrations,—a slow pro- origin of the Pope's temporal supremacy, by turns cess of experimental and convincing proof, -in reference to

the buttress and the tool of his spiritual usurpations, great principles, and that on a scale so large, that the whole world may see it, and understand it, and come to act upon

Mr Wylie says: it. Society can be saved not otherwise than as the individual

“ According to his own claim, the Pope's power is from is saved: it must be convinced of sin; its mind must be en

heaven; but history refuses to let the claim pass current, and lightened; its will renewed; it must be brought to embrace

points unequivocally to a different quarter as the source of his and act upon truth; and when in this way it has been sancti

prerogative. Of the two branches of his power,—the sacerdotal fied, society sball enter upon its rest."- Pp. 5, 6.

and the regal,-it is hard to determine which is the most disreThe Papacy is a new Babel,” Mr Wylie says, “ in which the old redoubtable idolatries are the builders. It is a spirit

putable and infamous in its beginnings. His mitre he had from

the murderer Phocas; his crown from the usurper Pepin. A ual Pantheon, in which the local and vagrant superstitions find again a centre and a home. It is a grand mausoleum,

spotless and noble lineage forsooth! The pontifical trunk has

one stem rooted rankly in blood, and the other foully grafted on in which the corpses of the defunct Paganisms, like the mum

rebellion. mied monks of 'Kreutzberg, are laid out in ghastly pomp,

As a priest, the Pope is qualified to minister in while their disembodied spirits still live in the Papacy, and

the ensanguined temples of Moloch ; as a sovereign, his title govern the world from their grave. Analyze Popery, and

is indisputable to act the satrap under the arch-rebel and

'anarch old. No one can glance a moment at the contour you will find all the ancient systems existing in it. The

of his character, as seen in history, without feeling that the Magian philosophy flourishes anew under the monastic system; for in the conventual life of Rome we find the contemplative

hideous likeness on which he gazes is that of the Antichrist. moods and the ascetic habits which so largely prevailed in

Every line of his visage, every passage of his history, is full of Egypt and over all the East; and here, too, we find the fun

antagonism—is the very counterpart, of that of the Saviour.

• All these things will I give thee,' said damental principle of that philosophy, namely, that the flesh

he tempter to Christ is the seat of evil, and, consequently, that it becomes a duty

in the wilderness, 'if thou wilt fall down and worship me. to weaken and mortify the body. In Popery we find the

Get thee hence, Satan,' was the reply. The fiend returned

after three hundred years, and, leading the pontiff to the sumpredominating traits of the Grecian philosophy, more especially in the subtile casuistry of the Popish schools, combined

mit of the Roman hill, showed him all the kingdoms of the with a sensuous ritual, the celebration of which is often ac

world and the glory of them.' * All these,' said he will I companied, as in Greece of old, with gross licentiousness.

give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me.' And last of all, there is palpably present in Popery the poly

cond denial awaited the tempter: instantly the knee was theism of ancient Rome, in the gods and goddesses which,

bent, and the pontiff raised his head crowned with the tiara. under the title of saints, fill up the calendar and crowd the

Twice has Christianity been crowned in bitter derision and temples of the Romish Church."--Pp. 11, 12.

mockery of her character. Once with a crown of thorns by

the blasphemers of Caiaphas'Hall; and nowagain with the tiara, And in the same searching strain, the author

in the person of the pontiff. Never did she demean herself

with such divine dignity as when the thorns girt her brow; says :

but, ah! the burning shame of the tiara.”—Pp. 55, 56. Popery is but the natural development of this great original transgression. It is just the early idolatries ripened As an instance of the effrontery with which Rome and perfected. It is manifestly an enormous expansion of profits by detected lies, and founds lier procedure the same intensely malignant and fearfully destructive prin

or pretensions on what the world knows, and what ciple which these idolatries contained. The ancient Chaldean worshipping the sun,—the Greek deifying the powers

Rome herself knows to be false, we quote the followof nature,-and the Roman exalting the race of primeval

ing: men into gods,-are but varied manifestations of the same

“No weapon was too base for the use of Rome. Her hand evil principle, namely, the utter alienation of the heart from

grasped with equal avidity the forged document and the hired God-its proneness to hide itself amid the darkness of its

dagger. Both were sanctified in her service. In the beginown corrupt imaginations, and to become a god unto itself.

ning of the ninth century came the decretals of Isidore. These That principle received the most fearful development which

professed to be a collection of the decrees and rescripts of the appears possible on earth, in the Mystery of Iniquity which

early councils and pores, the object of their infamous author, came to be seated on the Seven Hills; for therein man deified

who is unknown, being to show that the see of Rome poshimself, became God, nay, arrogated powers which lifted him

sessed from the very beginning all the prerogatives with which high above God. Popery is the last, the most matured, the

the intrigues of eight centuries bad invested it. Their style most subtle, the most skilfully contriven, and the most es

was so barbarous, and their anachronisms and solecisms were sentially diabolical form of idolatry which the world ever

80 flagrant, that in no age but the most ignorant could they saw, or which, there is reason to believe, it ever will see. It

have escaped detection for a single hour. Rome, nevertheless, is the ne plus ultra of man's wickedness, and the chef | infallibly decreed the truth of what is now universally acil'cuvre of Satan's cunning and malignity. It is the great- knowledged to be false. These decretals supported her preest calamity, next to the Fall, which ever befell the human family. Farther away from God, the world conld not exist

tensions, and that with her decided the question of their auat all. The cement that holds society together, already

thenticity or spuriousness. There are few who have earned

so well the honours of canonization as this unknown forger. greatly weakened, would be altogether destroyed, and the social fabric would instantly fall in ruins.”—Pp. 13, 14.

For ages the decretals possessed the authority of precedents,

and furnished Rome with appropriate weapons in her contests We should like to dwell on this author's views of with bishops and kings.”—Pp. 63, 64. the Popish perversion of the true doctrine regarding And based thus on falsehood and forgery, 'need the connection between church and state. Nowhere

we wonder at the appalling pollution which nestled does the antiscriptural nature of the Papacy more for ages in the palaces of the infallible vicars of clearly appear than there; but we must pass on to Christ! observe the process by which the different corrup

“ The palaces of the worst emperors," Mr Wylie says, tions of Popery arise out of each other, as delineated

" the groves of pagan worship, saw nothing so foul as the by our author. Usurpation is added to usurpation- orgies of the Vatican. Men sat in the chair of Peter, whose falsehood to falsehood - distortion to distortion, till consciences were loaded with perjuries and adulteries, and the aggregate becomes perhaps the most appalling

whose hands were stained with murders; and claimed, as the incubus that ever weighed down poor humanity. The

viears of Christ, a right to govern the church and the world. combined craft and cruelty of the whole is steadily

The intrigues, the fraud, the violence, that now raged at

Rome, may be conceived of from the fact, that from the kept in view. The darling object of the Papacy- death of Benedict IV., A.D. 903, to the elevation of John whether in the hands of a Hildebrand or a Borgia. XII., A.D. 956,--an interval of only fifty-three years, -not self-aggrandisement, is never obscured-and after fewer than thirteen popes held successively the pontificate.

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The attempt were vain to pursue these fleeting pontifical was to make the chair of Peter equally stable and absolate phantoms. Their brief but flagitious career was ended most with its fellow-seat in pandemonium.”—P. 85. commonly by the lingering horrors of the dungeon, or the

It was this “crowned demon” that spread wo and quick despatch of the poignard. It is enough to mention the names of a John the Twelfth, a Boniface the Seventh, a John devastation over the homes of tens of thousands. In the Twenty-third, a Sixtus the Fourth, an Alexander the him we see embodied some of the most fierce and Sixth (Borgia), a Julius the Second. These names stand | fiery elements of hell; and yet we must believe, under associated with crimes of enormous magnitude. This list by pain of eternal perdition, that he was infallible, that no means exhausts the goodly band of pontifical villains.

he was the vicar of Christ, that by him was bound Simony, the good-will of a prostitute, or the dagger of an

what is to bind for evermore! The following is Mr assassin, opened their way to the pontifical throne; and the use they made of their power formed a worthy sequel to the

Wylie's summation of the great work of this human infamous means by which they had obtained it. In the

monster:chair of Peter, the pontiffs of this and succeeding eras re- “Lest the work of vengeance should slacken, Rome held velled in impiety, perjury, lewdness, sacrilege, sorcery, rob. bery, and blood; thus converting the palace of the apostle She could afford to be prodigal of both, for neither cost her

out dazzling bribes, equally compounded of paradise and gold into an unfathomable sink of abomination and filth.

any thing. Paradise is always in her gift for those who will mass of moral impurity,' says Edgar, ‘might be collected do her work, and the wealth of the heretic is the lawful plusfrom the Roman hierarchy, sufficient to crowd the pages der of the faithful. With such a bank, and permission to draw folios, and glut all the demons of pollution and malevolence.'”

upon it to an unlimited amount, Rome had no motive, and - P. 65.

certainly would have had no thanks for any ill-judged econo

my. The fanatics who mustered for the crusade hated the In order to show the crafty machinations, and the person and loved the goods of the heretic. Onward they lordly pretensions by which Popery ascended to its marched, to earn heaven by desolating earth. The work was place of power over the nations, it might suffice to three centuries a-doing. It was done effectually at last, hox. exhibit the history of Gregory VII., the noted Hilde

Neither sex, nor age, nor rank, have we spared," brand, who became Pope in the year 1073. Temporal says the leader of the war against the Albigenses; 'we have ascendency, and a world-wide spiritual despotisin metallialike to the sword, The churches and the workshops

, were the objects of his ambition; and both of these the Christianity and the industry, of the region, were swept away

by this simoom of fanaticism. Before it was a garden, behe achieved with a power as resolute as it was well hind it a desert. All was silent now, where the solemn medirected; and of a period soon after that, at which lody of praise and the busy hum of trade had before been so Hildebrand held the primacy over a down-trodden happily blent. Monarchs had drained their exchequers to Christendom, Mr Wylie has written the following desolate the wealthiest and fairest portion of their dominions; graphic sentences :

nevertheless they held themselves abundantly recompensed by

the assurance which Rome gave them of crowns and kingdoms “ Thus did Rome seize the golden moment when the iron

in paradise."-Pp. 92, 93. of the German race, like that of the Carlovingian before

We are sure that our readers would find much to it, had become mixed with miry clay, to complete her work of five centuries. She had watched and waited for ages; she

instruct them, could we transfer the chapter on the bad flattered the proud and insulted the humble; bowed to

Canon Law entire to our pages. At once as to its the strong and trampled upon the weak; she had awed men general principles, and its wasting enactments, its with terrors that were false, and excited them with hopes unlimited pretensions, and thorough perversion of that were delusive; she had stimulated their passions and de

every sphere of social life, the light which is here stroyed their souls; she had schemed, and plotted, and in

shed on the system, may well serve as a beacon to all trigued, with a cunning, and a malignity, and a success, which hell itself might have envied, and which certainly it never

who would not be willingly enslaved. We earnestly surpassed; and now her grand object was within her reach, recommend all who are in danger of being captivated was attained. She had triumphed over the empire; she was by the pretences of Popish emissaries regarding the lord paramount of Europe; nations were her footstool; and alleged change in the spirit of Popery, to read its from her lofty seat she showed herself to the wondering tribes impious and insolent pretences, as embodied in the of earth, encompassed by the splendour, possessing the attributes, and wielding the power, not of earthly monarchs, but

extracts from Popish authorities, given by our author of the Eternal Majesty."-P. 82.

in book i., chap. vi. We cannot but think that men

would be cured by the study of every Popish leaning. Innocent III. was another Pope, whose grasping An infallible, and therefore unchangeable system, power, and insatiable cruelty, helped to rivet the there overrides every social and civil relationfetters which the Papacy had now wreathed around crushes freedom-prostrates the civil power—fetters men's souls. As a persecutor, he stands second to thought and mind--absorbs property-and blots out none—and " drunk with the blood of the saints,” is a the landmarks which the Word of God makes sacred. literal description of this vicar of Christ :

The crafty emissaries of Rome, who are now so pre“He was the first," Mr Wylie writes, “to discover the

sumptuous, that we have known them creep into danger to the popedom which lurked in the scriptural faith, shops, and actually engage in defence of their abhorand in the mental liberty of the Albigenses and Waldenses.

rent system, with those who resort to such places, On them, therefore, and not on eastern schismatics or re- complain that Protestants misrepresent their views. calcitrating sovereigns, fell the full storm of the pontifical In this chapter, Mr Wylie quotes only from Popish ire, Assembling his vassal kings, he pointed to the peaceful authors. Out of their own mouth they are there and thriving communities in the provinces of the Rhone, and

condemned -and at this very hour, wherever they inflamed the zeal and fury of the soldiers by holding out the promise of immense booty and unbounded indulgence. For have the power, the ferocious and tyrannical spirit of a forty days' service a man might earn paradise, not to speak the canon law is every where acted on :of the worldly spoil with which he was certain to return laden As the world grows better, the Papacy grows worse. home. The poor Albigenses were crushed beneath an ava- The Papacy of the present day, so far from being set off by lanche of murderous fanaticism and inappeasable rapacity. a comparison with the Papacy of the middle ages, rather To Innocent, history is indebted for one of her bloodiest pages suffers thereby; for of the two, the latter certainly was the the European crusades; and the world owes him thanks for more tolerant in its actings. No thanks to Rome for being its most infernal institution--the Inquisition. He had for tolerant, when there is nothing to tolerate. No thanks that his grand object to bestow an eternity of empire upon the her sword rusts in its scabbard, when there is no heretical papal throne; and to accomplish this, he strove to inflict an blood to moisten it. But let a handful of Florentines open eternity of thraldom upon the human mind. His daring aim ! a chapel for Protestant worship, and the deadly marshes of

the Maremme will soon read them the lesson of the Papacy's shall cease to worship a God which " they have made tolerance; or let a poor Roman presume to circulate the out of a little dried batter." Word of God, and he will have time in the papal dungeons to acquaint himself with Rome's new-sprung liberality; or let the Queen's government build colleges in Ireland, to in

MEMENTOES OF THE DISRUPTION. troduce a little useful knowledge into that model land of sacerdotal rule, and the anathemas which will instantly be PERHAPs no great movement, affecting a whole people hurled from every Popish altar on the other side of the

in their deepest interests, ever took place so calmly Channel, will furnish unmistakeable evidence as to the pro

as the Disruption of the Church of Scotland. Lookgress which the Church of Rome has recently made in the virtue of toleration. Assuredly Rome will not change so

ing back upon the magnitude of that event in itself long as there are fools in the world to believe that she is and its results, we cannot help wondering at the changed."'-P. 156.

way in which God led so many to a large place,

through a period of excitement, no doubt, but an exWe earnestly ask our readers to peruse the chap- citement which was calm, deep, and conservativeter on the canon law-to study it in connection with not tumultuous or revolutionary. Some hundreds of the recent Papal aggression-and then let them say men, with perhaps eiglit hundred thousand of their whether the nation and its government have not still people, young and old, were about to enter on a new or done by far too little in defending our civil and re- untried state of ecclesiastical being. Many expected ligious privileges, from a tyranny so hateful and in- only life-long privations or even poverty,--some, and tense.

these such men of faith as M'Cheyne and others, were The quotations which we have given must suffice; preparing for exile, as if in the land of their fathers but we trust that many may be induced to study the a home for them could no longer be found. Some volume before us. There may be one or two repe- were repressed by the lordly ascendency of the titled titions observable in its contents, and perhaps some beside them, or galled by the insolence of rank, which local details towards the close might have been would have dictated even to conscience ; and all were omitted—but withal, the volume is a valuable contri- chafed by shrinking and apostasy in the hour of trial, bution to the Protestant side of the controversy which on the part of men who had once seemed foremost in has only recommenced, and which will terminate only the contest for the crown-rights of Christ, but who when Rome is destroyed. It is the elucidation of eventually proved that some things were dearer to principle which signalizes the volume, or the able man- them than the glory of their Lord. Yet amid these ner in which the author has traced Popery from its multiform causes of grief or perplexity and pain, all germ and incipience to its full-blown maturity, under proceeded calmly, and even serenely, till the set time its Gregorys and Innocents. He enables us to see came, when the Church of Scotland escaped from the farther and farther into the deep-rooted malignity of fetters which had been wreathed around her, as a bird the whole Papal system-its adaptation to the pur- escapes from the snare of the fowler. It is true, pose of crushing, or sapping and destroying the truth there were some bold and resolute speeches,--some of God, and, by consequence, the souls of men. Its sweeping language, embodying right principle, but terrible nature, and its measureless blasphemies, are exaggerated and distorted by those whose interest it here depicted by one who has studied them well. was to distort them. The unfeeling or the duped The crowned demon of the seven hills is presented in politicians who had persisted in fettering the church, his real character; and we do hope, that under the were obliged in self-defence to blazon these expresteaching of this and similar volumes, the churches of sions into importance; and the time of the British Christendom will awake at last to a full sense of Parliament was, in fact, wasted by noble lords and their danger from the Antichrist-the hereditary | baronets, who affected to see in such language someantagonist of the truth of God.

thing akin to rebellion or to treason. They had inAnd tokens for good appear in many directions. jured the church,—they therefore hated it; and, as The Evangelical Alliance has led to the production a breastwork behind which they might stand with and publication of this volume, and some of its ablest some feeling of safety, amid the desolation which members have spoken boldly out against the great they were causing, they held up a few scraps of incubus of Christendom. Then the chief cities of garbled and distorted speeches. Men on the verge the empire are stirring against the enemy of freedom, perhaps of poverty, occasioned by the fatuity of their human and divine. Dublin is alert, and its measures rulers, spoke keenly on the subject of their trials,-or are blessed with success. In one Irish diocese, 10,000 rather, on the sin of the nation in the matter; and, have recently abjured Popery. London begins to because they did so, they were pilloried before the concentrate its scattered energies. Liverpool is mov- world as transgressors. The time of Parliamentary ing-Manchester is moving-Glasgow is moving, committees was engrossed by inquiries which did no Edinburgh has moved. Lethargic or supine as the honour either to legislation or right feeling; and nation was, the Pope has roused men from their false surely those who hunted with so keen a scent for security; and though much remains to be done, nay, | phrases which they might exaggerate or distort, though we have but broken ground in the controversy, though sound and true in the principles which they it would seem that the tide begins to turn the Papacy embodied, cannot now look back with complacency has another humbling lesson to learn-a lesson which on the ungenerous part which they acted towards may perhaps precede her final and utter overthrow. men who were perilling their all in defence of what Then the measures employed to meet the aggression they believed, and believe now more than ever, to be through the press are encouraging Scheme after the truth of God. scheme is projected against the antagonist of the It is well, however, that every thing akin to acritruth; and if only the churches prove faithful to the mony should subside and disappear.“ The wrath trust committed to them, it will be found at last that of mau worketh not the righteousness of God” Popery, like other foul offensive things, must hide-and however natural, or however easy of explaits head before the light which radiates from the nation, the sayings to which we have referred as Word of God. Surely the time will come when men alarming our legislators so intensely may seem, the

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