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are now discarded, are mainly these two :-That of un- thing like a gradation of schools; that is, instead of five or conditional election; and that of man's ability to believe six schools in a town of two or three thousand inhabitants, and reach salvation through his own powers, without the help all educating children of all ages, we might have so many of the Holy Spirit. On this latter subject, the opinion now infant schools, so many juvenile, and one of a superior sort, held is, that he needs the Spirit, but that the Spirit works for children more advanced. In connection with this last, equally in every heart. The doctrine is also repudiated, there might be several bursaries, small in amount, to be enthat any believer is entitled to cherish the unconditional joyed only by the children of the working-classes, in order to assurance of future safety. In regard to the other posi- counteract the temptation of their removal from school as tion of the writer, that the United Presbyterian Church holds soon as they were able to earn a shilling or two. The gradathe doctrine of a universal atonement, it rests chiefly on the tion of schools, by saving the teachers from endless distracstatements made by Dr John Brown, at the beginning of the tions, would enable them to supply far superior instruction, controversy, and on the work of Dr William Anderson, of and to pay more attention to habits, morals, manners, and Glasgow, on Regeneration, reviewed by us in our last Num- other little things of great importance, which the teachers of ber. The whole production is fitted to raise most painful crowded promiscuous schools cannot attend to. And further. feelings. It would be amusing, if it were not most melan- the increased supply of good schools, with really superior choly, to observe men, who are fast drifting away from every teachers would have the effect of swamping hundreds of fixed landmark, talking or writing of themselves, as if every “adventurers” who have taken to teaching, very much on day they were, beyond a doubt, discovering some new truth, the principle that the swine-herd of the Ban de la Roche was of which the Church of Christ has long remained in deplora- appointed to the school-because he was fit for nothing else. ble ignorance; and, with a degree of self-complacency only If we may judge from the number of strange-looking waifs equalled by their insolence, representing themselves as heroes that come to our door for charity, pleading that they taught a who are doing battle " with Calvin and the devil.” It school somewhere or another, till the Free Church dried it up, grieves us much, to find them claiming the United Presbyte- the Free Church must have done some good service to the comrians as converts to any of their views. We only wish that munity in this respect. It is very probable that Mr Gregory they had it not in their power to point to the unchallenged concurs in many of these views. We have thought it right, views of such a writer as Dr Anderson in support of their however, to set them forward, to show that the mere increase allegation.

of the means of education is not the only benefit we would

look for from a national scheme. After all, Mr Gregory does Destitution of Elementary Education in Scotland : its Taco

not deny that something new is necessary—he is only afraid Aspects, and our Present Duty. By the Rev. ALEX.

of rashness in adopting an untried plan. GREGORY, A.M.

Edinburgh: 1850. THOUGH we do not concur in some of the conclusions to which this pamphlet points, we do not hesitate to say, that it is an

Ellen of Dingle : a Narrative of Facts. By Mrs D. P.
THOMSON,

London : 1850. able contribution to the Education question-temperate, wellwritten, and characterised by much beauty of thought and ex

A PLEASING narrative of the life of an Irish girl, who bepression. It touches chiefly the statistical department of the came a very decided, and most conscientious Christian. The subject. It calls in question the accuracy of the statements

little book might be read with great advantage by servants, that have sometimes been made of late, as to the amount and showing as it does, how thoroughly Christian principles ought kind of educational destitution existing among us. Instead of

to be applied to all the details of a servant's ordinary duties; 200,000, or 250,000 young persons in Scotland altogether un

and how Christ is glorified when an obliging, trustworthy, and taught, Mr Gregory reckons that there are but 120,000, from

pains-taking spirit is shown by those who profess to follow six to sixteen years of age. And the vast disproportion still

him. remaining between the number of children who ought to be at school, and the number who are at school, he accounts for by the undoubted fact, that the period of school-attendance

Tales and Sketches of Christian Life, in Different Lands and among the children of the working-classes is only about five

Ages.

London : 1850. years, while it ought to be about tên. The proposed planting It has often occurred to us, that the records of Church Hisof 4000 additional schools, he reasons, would not remedy the tory might be turned to excellent account, by being made to evil ; for the 120,000 children, whose parents neglect their

unfold those excellencies of Christian character which have education, would not go to them; and the parents of the other been specially characteristic of certain periods and portions of children could not afford to keep them at school longer than the Church; as well as to exhibit the trials, duties, and trithey are now doing. There is much truth and force in these umphs of the Christian, in all sorts of situations and circumconsiderations, but they do not seem to us to prove all that

stances. We therefore welcome this little volume, as realizMr Gregory appears to suppose. We are far from thinking ing, in some measure, this idea. It contains a Tale of the that the mere increase of school-accommodation is the main Egyptian Church in the third century; Extracts from the advantage to be looked for from a system of National Educa- Diary of Brother Bartholomew, a Monk of the twelfth cena tion. Under a right national system, we should look, first of tury; Sketches from the History of the Reformation in Italy; all, for a better provision for the teacher, such as would draw and sketches of the United Brethren of Bohemia and Moravia. men of ability to the profession, encourage them to provide The ground thus traversed is both varied and interesting, and themselves with a superior education, and to become tho- the sketches are lively and instructive. roughly skilled in the best modes of tuition. By this means the people would be furnished with a better educational article; and for the sake of that they would make far larger

Drummond's Stirling Tracts on the Sabbath, dc. sacrifices to keep their children a longer period at school, We are delighted to see the vigour with which our enthusias[See a remarkable instance of this in the account of King's tic friend, Mr Drummond, is advocating every good cause, in Somborne School, Minutes of Committee of Council, 1847-8, the Tracts which he is showering in thousands over the Vol. I.] In Dr Chalmers' political economy, the principle country. We would direct attention to an Advertisement relied on for the social elevation of the people was, -that as which appears in the cover of this Number, respectiug certain they became conscious of wants or desiderata, they would Prize Essays on important subjects; the competition for which put forth new efforts to get them supplied. When parents

is limited to particular classes. We trust our readers will give come to perceive the importance of a superior education

Mr Drummond every encouragement in his disinterested and for their children, and find that such a thing may be ob- important labours. tained, they will make a corresponding effort to secure it. This principle, of course, does not supersede, but renders more hopeful aggressive operations. And who that

The Millennial State of the Church, and the Agency by which

it is to be Realized. A Sermon preached at the opening of thinks for a moment of the enormous sums lavished by the working-classes on ardent spirits—at least twenty-five shil

the Synod of the United Presbyterian Church in Edinburgh, lings a-year, on an average, for every man, woman and child

May 6, 1850. By the Rev. JAMES MEIKLE, Beith. in the community--can doubt that they could do far more for

Edinburgh : 1850. the education of their families than many are now doing ?

With the exception of a few minor points, as for instance Further, under a national system, we should look for some- / the condemnation of all National Churches, we can recommend this discourse as setting forth, in a clear and compre- on the Glory of Christ, bear our testimony, that more than hensive manner, the glory which Christ's Church is destined any other uninspired book that we know, it is impregnated to attain, and as fitted to rouse all office-bearers to the ener- with the spirit of heaven, and well fitted to raise the soul of getic and prayerful use of the means by which that glory is to the reader to its solemn and blissful scenes. We participate be realized.

in the feeling raised in the mind of the Editor by the reflection—that this publication, from the wide circulation already insured to it, must exert a mighty influence in guiding the

minds of men, and moulding their habits of thought and acMissionary Addresses delivered before the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in the years 1835, 1837, 1839.

tion-a feeling relieved only by the consideration that the

principles of Owen were a close and faithful transcript of the With additional papers on Female Education, and the

Gospel of Christ, and that multitudes have already ripened Danish, or Earliest Protestant Mission to India. By

for glory in meditation on his pages." We regard the present ALEXANDER DUFF, D.D.

Edinburgh : 1850.

volume as the commencement of the most important series of SOME months ago, on making inquiry for Dr Duff's first works that are issuing from any press at the present day. In speech in the Assembly—that noble burst of eloquence whose edifying and strengthening the churches, in upholding the thrill went through Scotland, kindling a flame such as had cause of truth, in promoting the glory of God and the good of not burned in it for many a long year-we were disappointed souls, the great day alone will declare the amount of service to find that not a single copy could be had. We are exceed- which these books may be instrumental in rendering. ingly gratified to see that it has now been re-published, forming, with three other addresses, and an article from the

Obituary. Calcutta Review, the neat volume now before us. The wide circulation and extensive perusal of these Addresses are emi

Died at Hamilton, Canada West, on the — July, the Rev. nently fitted, through the divine blessing, to revive and RALPH ROBB, of the Free Church there. Mr Robb was settled strengthen the spirit of missionary zeal, as well as to diffuse as a minister of the Old-Light Burgher Synod at Strathkinness, correct and interesting information respecting the condition of in Fife, in 1827, where his ministry was useful both to his own India, and the principles on which our Mission there is con

flock and to others. He had an important part to perform in ducted.

the scheme of union between the Old-Light Burgher Synod and the Established Church. Immediately after the Disrup

tion he sailed for Nova Scotia, and was the first Free Church The Works of John Owen, D.D. Edited by the Rev. minister who visited the western world. His labours, first at WILLIAM H. Goolv, Edinburgh. Vol. I.

Halifax and latterly at Hamilton, are identified with the London and Edinburgh : 1850. history of the Colonial Free Church; and many will bless the It is but doing bare justice to all the parties concerned in the memory of this good man, called away in the midst of his days preparation of this New Edition of Owen's Works, to say,

and usefulness. that they have spared no pains or labour to render it as valu- Died at Dirleton, East Lothian, on the 7th August, the able as possible. In external form, it is most attractive—a Rev. William H. HEWITSON, minister of the Free Church decided improvement upon the Wodrow and Calvin publica- there. Mr Hewitson was a native of Dalmellington, Ayrshire. tions; the page is better filled, and the type equally clear, His natural talents were of a very superior kind, and his apwhile the whole appearance of the volume has more of classical plication to study was so successful that he gained some of the simplicity and elegance about it. It is a book that you can look highest honours of the University of Edinburgh. When he at with pleasure once and again; and “as you look, the won- resolved to devote himself to the ministry, he consecrated all der grows,

,” that by far the most comely dress in which the his powers to the service of Christ. In 1845, after being venerable Puritan has ever appeared is also by far the cheap- ordained by the Presbytery of Edinburgh, he proceeded to est. Mr Goold, the accomplished and pains-taking Editor, Madeira, where he laboured with remarkable success among has entered with great spirit into the undertaking, and a baré the native Portuguese. Compelled to leave that island by enumeration of the improvements he has effected will show persecution, he soon after proceeded to Trinidad, where he how he has enhanced the value of the present edition. It may watched over the flock of converts that had been driven from be remarked, that in the mere matter of printing,

many inaccu- Madeira. In 1848, he accepted a call from the Free Church racies occurred in the earliest editions of Owen's Works, owing congregation at Dirleton, where his ministry was greatly to his distance from the press—so many, that Owen humorously

blessed. He was a man of lofty spirituality, and of rare remarked there would be “too much tyranny in making the holiness of life and conversation. Wherever he went, the printer instrumental in divulging them all." In many subse

fervour and hea venliness of his spirit constantly appeared. He quent editions, there is little improvement in this respect. In was a great student of prophecy, holding very decided views the present edition, it has been attempted to correct such errors, in favour of the pre-millennial advent; on which subject, it is but no change has been made on the venerable peculiarities of understood, he contributed some papers to the “Journal of thought and expression which the author was in the habit of | Prophecy." It is probable that a full memoir of Mr Hewitson using. The punctuation has undergone a thorough revisal, will be published; and we doubt not it will take its place, side and passages which, from negligence in this respect were pre- by side, with the memoirs of M'Cheyne and Halley. viously obscure, have brightened into significance. Pains have The Protestant Church in Germany has just been called to been taken with the numerous marks of division and subdivi- deplore the death of JOHN AUGUSTUS WILLIAM NEANDER, sion, which were found often in a state of much confusion. The first Professor of Theology in the Royal University of Berlin. Scripture references have been verified, and multitudes of Neander was born at Gottingen in 1789. His parents beerrors have been detected and altered. The quotations from longed to the Jewish nation, so that Neander is one of the the Fathers, at least the most important of them, have been many Hebrews who have recently risen to stations of emi. duly collated, and the proper reference given to the original- nence. He studied at the universities of Halle and Gottina labour from which former editors shrunk. A prefatory gen., At the early age of 23, he was appointed a Professor at note has commonly been given to the different treatises, to Heidelberg. His greatest work is his Church History, of indicate the design of each, give a short analysis of its contents, which he had completed ten volumes, and which is in the the date of its original publication, the judgment that has been course of being translated for Clark's Theological Library. formed of its merits, and any circumstances of interest bearing He was the author of a “History of the Apostolic Age," and on its character, or connected with its history. The Memoir of of “ The Life of Jesus;" a work written in consequence of the Dr Owen, by the Rev. Andrew Thomson, though uecessarily, in publication of the treatise of Strauss under the same name. point of dimensions, somewhat like the Life by Mr Asty, which His character was remarkably amiable and kind-hearted; and did " not contain so many pages as Owen had written books," though not coming up to our standard on such subjects as presents us with the leading facts in his history and features of “ Inspiration," or the obligation of the Sabbath, his services his character in that rich and juicy style by which Mr Thomson in the cause of evangelical truth have been alike eminent and is characterised. The works which the present volume con

efficient. tains are—“The Declaration of the Glorious Mystery of the Person of Christ-Meditations on the Glory of Christ- Application of these-Two Catechisms on the Doctrine of Christ.”

Printed by JOUNSTONE & HUNTER, 104 High Street: and published Of these works we do not now trust ourselves to speak, though

by JOHNSTONE & HUNTER, 15 Princes Street, Edinburgh ; and

26 Paternoster Row, London, And sold by the Booksellers we might, with reference more especially to the Meditationg throughout the kingdom.

The year whose close is now approaching, is destined, we trust, to be memorable in our country's history, as that on which the infatuated policy of our rulers, in patronising the MAN OF SIN received its first check, and the arrogant and most dangerous pretensions of Rome began once again to be rightly apprehended by the British people.

The very singular and most encouraging movement in IRELAND, whereby tens of thousands of the once bigoted peasantry of that country are renouncing the superstition of Rome, and embracing the religion of the Bible, would be enough to signalise the year now ending, in the annals of British Church History. It gives rise to the brightest hopes, that within a brief period Ireland may be completely delivered from the frightful scourge by which she has been cursed so long, if Protestants are only energetic in embracing the present opportunity.

The GREAT EXHIBITION, one of the principal events of the year, has drawn nations together, and disposed them to look, with no jealous eye, on the varied features of excellence by which the productions of one may be honourably distinguished from those of another. In the religious world, it is to be hoped, that, fostered by the labours of the EvANGELICAL ALLIANCE, a similar spirit has been largely developed ; and that Churches are now striving more to find out in each other excellencies that may be admired and copied, than defects that may be sneered at and blamed.

Our own Church has enjoyed another year of peace; and though, in the noiseless prosecution of her great work, she has not arrested the attention of the world, there is reason to believe that she has been the means, under God, of adding not a few souls to the true Church of Christ, and of promoting generally the Christian cause. Still, on all hands, we hear complaints of spiritual deadness; and it is very evident, that for the great and manifold Christian enterprises that claim our attention on every side, the means and the men are far from sufficient. A higher tone of piety,-a loftier spirit of devotedness,-more of living, working, labouring Christianity, both among office-bearers and people, are loudly called for ; and the church must continue to devote her most strenuous attention to the development of this spirit, if she is to fulfil her high vocation, and become a true blessing to the country and to the world.

The Christianity of the land has yet to fight the battle of the SABBATH ; the battle of TEMPERANCE; the battle of the Home Mission; and to name no other, the battle of THE REFORMATION, Verily, we have battles enough in prospect! But if without there are to be fightings, within let there be no fears. The battles are all the Lord's. With Popery, especially, it must be a fight of life and death. Every thing points to one Popish fortress, against which the whole artillery should, in the first instance, be directed—MAYNOOTH. Delenda est Carthago! It must be. Let Pro. testants rouse every energy for this end ; and so far as Maynooth is a Royal College, or a College supported by national grants, may God grant us the privilege of announcing, by the close of another year, that the sin of its national maintenance is at an end !

present

The present is the last number of the Free Church Magazine that is to appear in the form, and to a certain extent, on the present plan. Many readers, who deem our present page too large, and our type too small, have often urged on us the propriety of a change; and we have resolved to yield to their wishes. It has also been represented to us as most desirable, that the Magazine should be made to minister, more directly and statedly, to the spiritual wants of its readers; and in that respect also we are about to alter it, as we hope, for the better.

The form will be changed to that of demy octavo, and in place of thirty-two pages of the present size, there will be forty-eight of the new.

About one half of these will be occupied with original contributions on Ecclesiastical, Theological, Literary, Social, and other subjects, similar to those which have heretofore occupied about three-fourths of our present size.

A portion of each Number will be regularly devoted to subjects of a spiritual and practical cast,—such as may prove useful to individuals and families, and be suitable for Sabbath-evening reading. Occasionally these papers may be original, but they will be mainly extracted from approved and interesting works.

Some pages will be regularly devoted to a more comprehensive digest than hitherto of religious and general Intelligence. Besides chronicling all that seems material in the history and progress of our own Church, interesting facts will be communicated illustrative of the progress of other Churches, at home and abroad; and movements connected with Popery, the Sabbath, the promotion of Temperance, Ragged Schools, City Missions, and the like, will all be carefully attended to.

In the Literary Notices, more space will be devoted than has been common to interesting estracts from the works under review. It is our design to extend the range from which these notices and extracts shall be made.

We will not enter into further detail here. Our Number for January will more fully develop our plan. It is our confident expectation, that the new arrangements will tend both to enlarge our usefulness, and to increase our circulation. Of our present readers we entreat the kindness of their lending their friendly efforts on our behalf; for without their co-operation it is impossible that we can do the service which we would fain render, to the great and important cause of pure doctrine, sound literature, and Christian enterprise in our land.

! EDINBURG II, December 1, 1851.

INDEX.

Evangelical Alliance, 300.
Exhibition, The Great, 192, 202, 254.
Exhibition-Sabbath Services, 128.
Ezekiel, Fairbairn on, 240.

Achilli's Dealings with the Inquisition, 75.
Allotment System, 64.
Alton Locke, 7.
American Churches, Statistics of, 192.
American's Account of Free Church Assembly, 224.
Anderson, Rev, A., Letter from, 348.
Arts, The Fine, and Religion, 296.
Assembly, The Approaching, 132.
Assembly, The General, 191, 193, 222.
Assyria, Ancient, 69, 320.

F

B

Beer Shops, 44.
Bishops, English, Recent Address of, 161.
Bickersteth's Life, 334.
Breviary, Romish, 36.
Brougham, and Infidelity of Last Century, 139.

Facts from Rome, 105.
Faquirs of India, 102, 186.
Farm Servants, 247.
Florence, Religious Persecution in, 159.
France, Reformed Evangelical Church of, 95.
Free Church Abstainers' Society, 222.
Free Church Assembly, 132, 191, 193, 222, 224.
Free Church Commission of A sscmbly, 125, 286, 378.
Free Church Education Scheme, 254.
Free Church Foreign Mission Scheme, 253.
Free Church Matters, 94, 288.
Free Churchmen in Official Situations, 160.
Free Church New Scheme of National Education, 126.
Free Church, Official Testimony of, 343.
Free Tron Church Missionary Association, 157.
French Officer's Reasons for Turning Protestant, 219.

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German Church, Stuttgard Conference, 49.
German Home Mission, 65, 150.

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Caleb Field, 176.
Catechising, Advantages of, 256.
Cavaliers, Times of, 10, 40, 107, 169, 280.
Chalmers' Memoirs, Vol. III., 289.
Christian Socialism, 7.
Church Economics-Belfast, 159.
Church's Work, Practical Hints for,-
No. ). Revival of Religion, 26.

2. Pastoral Visitation, 57.
3. Parochial Catechising, 90.
4. Faithful Preaching, 119.

5. Pastor and His People, 154.
| 6. Sabbath-School at Fireside, 184.

7. Farm Servants, 247.
8. Duties of Elders, 283.
9. Young Communicants, 313.

10. Means most Blessed in the Ministry, 347.
Connaught Mission and Schools, 158.
Consecrating a Burial Ground, 96.
Crichton, D. M. Makgill, Death of, 256.

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D

Davies, James, 187.
Degrees, Foreign, 26.
Drunkenness, Scottish-Guthrie's Plea, 20.
Drunkenness and its Brood, 249.

Idol and Iconoclast, 234.
Industry and Religion, 255.
Inspiration of Scriptures-Scherer, 46.
Infant Baptism, 269.
Inquisition, Re-establishment of, 320.
Intelligence, General-

Church Extension in England, 352.
Connaught Mission and Schools, 158, 3o2.
Conversions in Ireland, 351
Dunbar v. Skinner, Case of, 287.
Exhibition-Sabbath Services, 128.
Exhibition-Bearings on Religione 254.
Edinburgh Irish Mission, 159.
Established Church Assembly, 222.
English Presbyterian Synod, 192.
English Convocation, 254.
Episcopal Incomes, 255,
France, Reformed Evangelical Church of, 93.

E

Ecclesiastical Titles' Bill, 282.
Education, National, 95, 126.
Edinburgh Protestant Mission, 159, 215,
Elders, Duties of, 283.
English Church Matters, 1, 181.
English Church, Low Church Section of, 321.
English Independent, An, on the Free Church, 288.

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