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makers, and warning them of his displeasure if they | rushes for several miles down an incline, at some enact any iniquity into a law,

places boiling and foaming furiously. In one place Reached Rochester early in the morning. A singu- there is a sharp turn. Great caution is required in lar place. A mushroom city, sprung up to maturity passing this place. The helmsmen at the moment in the woods in the course of one generation. Lands are quite a study. There are four of them, perched were first surveyed on the spot, with the view of in a glass house aloft, about midships. Within that building, in the year 1811; and now it is a flourish. house is a double wheel, constructed so that four ing city, containing 30,000 inhabitants. It has many

work together. There they stand-all wide and elegant streets, and a multitude of well- their brawny hands on the wheel, and all eyes fixed frequented, richly-furnished shops. Left Rochester forward on the river's bed. To this side now, and in the same afternoon for Buffalo, by railway. Railway a moment a jerk to that side. The men's bodies all very superficially constructed. For many miles, the move together, as if one spirit communicated the imroad cut through a natural forest. Sometimes you pulse. A moment's carelessness, or counter-working find yourself on a rising ground, whence you get a among these four men, and the ship with her whole view of the country for many miles around-and it is cargo would be driven to a jelly on that fearful wood, dark close wood, stretching like the sea as far shore. as the eye can reach. Buffalo is another fine town, Here the traveller gladly and gratefully sets at the foot of Lake Erie, not far from the outlet of up his Ebenezer. In one journey, occupying only a the Niagara river, Quite a bustling sea-port, with few months, he has travelled ten thousand miles by many large steamers lying at the wharves. Started sea and land, in all kinds of vehicles, and among all this morning, in a steamer, from Buffalo. Entered sorts of people ; yet he never lost a penny and never Lake Erie. Sailed down the Niagara, about fifteen missed a step. Not a hair of his head was injured. miles, to Chippewa, where the river Welland joins Let it be recorded on this page that He who slumit. Here the navigation is impeded by the rapids, bers not nor sleeps has graciously kept his feet immediately above the falls. Get ashore, and return from falling and his eyes from tears. by land to the Clifton. A last look of Niagara. Ga

[The contributor of the series of papers now concluded, ther up our baggage, pay our bill, and return to

kindly undertook them at the request of the Editor, with the Montreal by Lake Ontario, and St Lawrence, as before.

view of imparting a little sprightliness and variety to the pages

of a Magazine necessarily almost entirely filled with graver MONTREAL, June 25, 18–

compositions. Now that, at his own request, he ceases to serve In sailing downward, the traveller does not meet with many features different from those that he has

in the light-armed corps, it is due to him to say, that he was already seen on his upward voyage.

Learned at

drafted from the heavy-armed for a limited time, and a partiKingston an odd way of keeping the Sabbath, adopted cular service, and that he resumes the weightier implements, by the post-office authorities of Canada, in humble declaring that he works easier under the heavier load, because imitation of their betters at home.

he has more fully proved it. Even in our last Number, this The only line of steamers at present is that series was intermitted, and he appeared in our pages in anwhich carries the mail. Suppose a person spends other dress, contending earnestly and powerfully for a righteous the Sabbath at Kingston, and desires to go to Mon

cause.-Ed. F. C. M.] treal on Monday, he finds there is no steamer down on Monday. He asks the reason—“Is there not a steamer every day ?” “Yes, every day except Monday.”

THE ESTABLISHED CHURCH-ITS “But why except Monday ?” “It is on account of the

PROPERTY AND ITS NUMBERS. Sabbath. In the post-office the Sabbath is observed." The following remarks have recently appeared in The traveller, in amazement, replies,“ This is observ- the newspapers, as part of a speech delivered in the ing not Sabbath, but Monday.” Ön further inquiry, he Established Presbytery of Greenock, by a member finds that they keep the Sabbath at Toronto, and of that reverend court :Monday at Kingston. The steamer that sails on Sa- “Mr Kinross said, there was another matter to which he turday arrives at Kingston early on Sabbath morn- wished to draw the attention of the Presbytery. It was well ing, or during the night, and sets off again to Mon- known that there were various chapels in Greenock which treal the same day. But no steamer leaves Toronto were in connection with the Church previous to 1843; and on Sabbath; consequently no one leaves Kingston on though a decision had been pronounced against the PresbyMonday. The communication between Kingston opinion of some persons that if the cases were again opened

tery in absence in the case of two of the chapels, it was the and Montreal goes on as usual on Sabbath; but is in- up before the Court of Session, the former decision would be terrupted the whole of Monday, One can hardly reversed. The time to lay claim to these chapels was now trust his senses, when he hears of such an elaborate come. Some people talked of Christian peace and Chrisblunder. In this case, the easiest way is the best, tian charity, but he held that Christian principle was of as and the best is the easiest. Let the mail steamer

much consequence as Christian peace, and that the ministers

of the Church were as much bound by their ordination vows halt at Kingston all the Sabbath, and sail on Monday

to look after the property of the Church as to the soundness morning; then at all points of the route there will be

of her doctrines. He must say, he was much astonished that communications every day except Sabbath. When individuals should be found who could think of appropriating will those intrusted with the government of the property which did not belong to them.” country open their eyes to a truth which others have

On the same occasion, another member of the discovered long ago ?

court made the following observations, as to the One new feature of the navigation consists in number of persons adhering to the Established shooting the rapid called the “Long Sault.” In as-Church, and the principle on which they were to be cending, the steamer takes the canal; but in going reckoned :down, the river. She saves much time and trouble by shooting down the incline. The river is narrow.

“Of the three churches of Greenock, his friend Dr M'Cul

loch's hearers might be a thousand. His own did not amount Banks of steep clay, not very lofty. The water to nearly that number. In fact, he did not know what attendance in point of numbers they could definitely claim ; but self. By great exertions she succeeded in furnishing this he asserted, that the church attendance in a town like it, and rendering herself somewhat comfortable, Greenock, where there was so much filth and misery, was

when, to her horror, her husband came back on her, not to be taken as a criterion of the numbers in connection

and established himself in her dwelling. The law with the Church. As an instance of this, he might mention that Principal Macfarlan had in one year baptized more chil- could give her no protection, for, according to it, the dren than all the Dissenting ministers in Glasgow had done house and its contents were the husband's property; altogether; and he knew that if the country was polled, and and she was glad to agree to a compromise, by which the people required to answer to what persuasion they be- the husband consented to leave her on condition of longed, the great majority would reply that they belonged to the Established Church. He knew from experience that

receiving half of the things. It was hard enough for there were many who did not, and could not, attend church

the woman to be deprived of what she had acquired regularly ; but were these to be cast off altogether, and were

by so great exertions, but what would have been the ministers not to labour to bring them in? Those were thought of the husband if, finding her reluctant to their people, though they were wandering, and though their part with it, he had added insult to injury, by exchurches were empty--which they were very far from being; pressing himself astonished “ how she could think as he said before-if the country was polled the numbers would be found to be as ten to one in favour of the Church of Scot

of appropriating property that did not belong to her." land."

With regard to the point to which our other ex

tract refers, we have one or two observations to offer. Now, we have no intention to say a word on the The Establishment, it seems, has immense bodies of merits of the particular cases adverted to by these adherents who do not attend its churches; and, in gentlemen. We would quite as readily take for our proof of this, the fact is brought forward, that in one text any similar statements made by any other mem- year, Principal Macfarlan baptized more children bers of the Establishment, inasınuch as we merely than all the Dissenting ministers of Glasgow together. use them as specimens: the one, of the kind of moral Suppose we should concede the fact-is it a creditprinciple which the Establishment now puts forward able one to the Establishment ? The regularity of for determining what is its property; and the other, attendance by the members of a congregation may of the ingenious statistical method which it employs (ceteris paribus) be regarded as a very fair index of the for magnifying its numbers, though, as it may doubt- style and quality of the ministrations. Are the miless discover, not increasing its strength.

nistrations of the Establishment so very worthless So far as the first is concerned, we should certainly that huge masses of its adherents seldom or never atnot think it worth while to advert to it, were it tend them? Again, the efficiency of a church may merely a repetition of the hackneyed argument, that be tested pretty accurately by the religious and moral the civil courts having declared the quoad sacra cha- character of its adherents. Is the efficiency of the pels to belong to the Establishment, the members of Establishment so utterly gone, that multitudes of its Presbyteries, as trustees for other parties, are bound adherents belong to that class out of which come to take possession of them. But the Establishment nine-tenths of the criminals, and troublesome memis not now content with defending itself for the invi- bers of the community ? Or, if the strength of the dious work of dispossessing congregations from their Establishment be measured by the only test that chapels, and then locking the door ; it proceeds to churches ought to go by--the amount of efficiency accuse congregations of robbery, for retaining the use they possess for the Lord's work,the number of of the buildings which were erected by themselves. valiant, well-trained soldiers they can bring into the “He was much surprised (we find one of the Greenfield to fight for the truth and demolish error and ock gentlemen remarking), that individuals could be ungodliness, is it a thing to be vaunted and boasted found who could think of appropriating property that of by the Establishment, that it possesses a huge did not belong to them.” The whole force of this "awkward squad”-a vast “mixed multitude,” equal charge lies in the assumption which the Established in numbers to several other churches put together ? Church has uniformly made in this case, and which Just as if an army, to show its formidable strength, the Free Church has as uniformly denied, that the were to boast, that besides its men in fighting order, decision which is according to law is also according it had three times as many lying sick in the hospitals. to equity. The Established Church has invariably, Wewould have no objection tothe Establishment reckand most completely shirked the discussion of that oning the careless masses of our large towns as part question, and has never ventured to look at the case of the outfield population, on whose behalf aggressive in the light of those principles which ought to weigh missionary efforts must be used; but we are comwith men of honour and high Christian character. pelled to view the matter differently when we find And now, proceeding on the old assumption, just as it speaking of them as already within the church, if no one ever had challenged or could challenge its as adherents in concealment or retirement, and as propriety, the ministers of the Establishment hurl equally entitled with others to Christian privileges. the charge of dishonesty against those who refuse to And this brings us to the proof of the assertion, the believe that law and equity are always identical. Let multitude of Principal Macfarlan’s baptisms. We us just see how the principle would operate in a some- confess we would have thought this a fact which it what parallel case. It is the law of this country that would have been better policy to conceal. There are the husband has the right of disposing of the property not many serious men, intelligently acquainted with of his wife, excepting a few trifling articles, unless Christianity, who will look on it in any other light special provision has been made to the contrary. than as involving much profanation of an holy ordiWe know a case in which an industrious woman, in nance, certainly not to be converted into a matter humble life, was married to a man, who turned out of boasting. Why, if the number of baptisms is a worthless drunkard. After enduring an immense the test of a Church's numbers, the “ New Jeruamount of suffering and misery in their common salemites” may soon outstrip any of us, and the dwelling, where every thing was squandered, the Papists beat us hollow! Every faithful Presbywoman had the good fortune to be deserted by the terian minister finds himself precluded from adhusband, on which she rented an apartment for her- | ministering baptism, until the party applying gives evidence of satisfactory Christian knowledge, and of dulgence as special favourites; and some, boldly claiming to an irreproachable life. To deal with applicants who be let alone, because they are not counted rebels by other are deficient in these respects is usually one of the parties, who are "kings to God" as really as himself. Placed most difficult and delicate parts of ministerial duty. in such a situation, it is no easy thing to perform the funcAny refusal, even a delay, is usually regarded as an tions of a king to God! Yet are the diaries of godly and insult ; and the more ignorant and stupid the appli- earnest men full of the records of uoble struggles to exercise cant, the more likely is he to take offence. Off he the kingly faculty there. Take, for example, a single rebelgoes to some minister who will not trouble him, but lious feeling to which public men are specially exposed—the will at once grant his request, without asking any love of applause. What a world of fighting God's kings have questions. We believe there is not a minister in all had with that rebel! For years, perhaps, his presence was the Free Church who has tried to be faithful in such undetected; and when it became evident that he was in the cases, but has had his efforts counteracted by the beart, what fearful havock was he found to have made, and welcome which the party whom he delayed has got what a dreadful influence he had acquired! Years of strugfrom the Established Church. Nay, we believe there gling were needed before he could be said to be subdued, and there are few who have exercised discipline on worth- even to the last moment of life, a watch needed to be mainless characters, but have seen these men received with tained against his insidious influence. And this is but one of open arms when they applied to the Establishment. a multitude. What conflicts have some of God's kings had We make no complaint of this, except on the score with temper—and others with the love of money and others of cruelty to the unhappy men themselves, who are with carnal lust—and others with indolence and self-indulat once separated from the discipline and dealing gence in ten thousand forms! Indeed it is no sinecure to be that might have been blessed to them. If we looked a king to God, or to attain that state which seems to bave merely to the benefit of the Free Church, we would been all but reached by the dying Payson, when every rebel rather be pleased, as in this way she is often rid of is subdued, and our own will is lost or absorbed in the divine. troublesome characters, and a testimony is borne be. But it is a most blessed state-reserved, however, in its full fore the public, at once to the faithfulness of her fruition for the eternal world. “What happiness," said Paydiscipline, and to the promiscuous communion of the son, in the midst of mortal agonies, “to have no will of my Establishment. For the sake of the Establishment own. I cannot be disappointed; whatever God wills I will itself, and for the sake of Christianity at large, we and nothing can frustrate the will of God!” deprecate the practice; and more especially do we The Christian, as a king unto God, must, moreover, exerdenounce it, when it is brought forward by men who, cise an authority on those around him. Within his own while they glory, seem to forget that there is such a family, this may partly be the authority of constraint, but thing as "glorying in their shame.”

mainly of example and persuasion—the less of the former, and the more of the latter, the better for all. Yet should it not be

forgotten, that the Christian head of a house is placed there to SCRIPTURE MEDITATIONS.—No. III. rule for God; nor should he shrink from making it known that

he is resolved that God's will shall be respected in his house, " And hath made us kings unto God."-Rev, i, 6.

and that, if need be, the authority that God has given him PERHAPS we are too much accustomed to regard these words

shall be exerted to bring rebels into submission. The Bible as expressive merely of the notion of exalted honour. A

hardly justifies the expectation, that, in any family, this will throne being the place of highest dignity that we are ac

be altogether unnecessary. Yet plainly, it is most desirable quainted with, and the king who is seated on it, occupying

that the kingly authority in families should be exercised mainly the highest position of earthly honour,-it may be thought

through the reason, conscience, and affections of the members; that the Christian's kingship denotes merely the Christian's

that the ruling power should consist of an unblemished condignity. But, without discarding this idea, much more may be

sistency of character—an example that will stand the most drawn from the expression; it denotes that each Christian is

searching scrutiny-a tender and manifest regard to the welintrusted with a reigning, conquering, subduing, kingly fare of the members—a warm and unaffected sympathy with power, that he is bound to exercise that power in overcom- the feelings peculiar to different ages, situations, and temperaing the world's rebellion, and establishing the authority of ments; and a constant appeal and sincere regard to the high God; “casting down imaginations, and every thing that ex

authority of Him“ in whose favour is life," and whose blessalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing ing addeth no sorrow. Happy the family presided over by every thought into captivity to the obedience of Christ.“

such a "king unto God!" In short, the Christian as a' king is to be regarded as a real In the outer world, God's kings have a mighty work to do. king—not the king of a mere pageant; one who is gifted with There is seldom an age where there is not some special conflict the essential regal faculty,—the plastic power that moulds, raging--some organized rebellion against a specific part of God's shapes, and controls the will and passions of himself and

will--and then God's kings must labour to bear down that other men; and he is faithful or unfaithful to this high func

rebellion, and maintain the authority of God. The “ Sabbath" tion, just as he is exerting himself to establish the divine

conflict of our day, and the question of the true inspiration supremacy, or allowing himself and others around him to

of the Scriptures, are but samples of these special battles obey " the lust of the flesh, or the lust of the eye, or the pride

which God's kings have to wage, in order to establish His of life,"--or any other principle which is not of the Father,

authority in the world. What multitudes of such battles but is of the world.

have been fought since the world began! And yet the foe, This kingly authority should be exercised by the Christian, driven from one point, constantly rallies his forces at another; first of all, in the territory of his own heart. There he should and but for the inspired Word, we could hardly anticipate a reign as a king unto God. There he should labour to esta- time when the shout of final victory shall burst from the army blish the divine authority in all its paramount and unbending of God's kings ! But, besides this more public kind of consway. What hosts of rebels he bas to deal with there ! Some, flict, God's kings ought to be constantly employed, in ways open, outstanding and prominent-what we call “ besetting more quiet and private, in trying to bring society at large sins;" others, subtle, difficult of detection, but full of life and under his blessed authority. First, they should constantly full of mischief; some disguising their real character, insi- show their reverence for his authority themselves. Against nuating themselves deep into his affections, and claiming in- worldly interest, pleasure, advantage-Caleb-like, they should to be to measures that have passed the other House. much gratification to the people of Scotland, especially to the The rejection of the Bill of Lord Melgund on NATIONAL religious portion of them. First of all, in regard to the SAB- Education in Scotland, on its second reading, by the narrow BATH QUESTION, so far as any actual change is concerned, we

follow the Lord fully. And they should show that their subjec- which had been complained of—which might, at least, have

been much lessened, had proper means been taken for that tion to God's will is not slavery, but freedom-a happy subjec

purpose-they have virtually recommended that the wishes tion-bringing relief from all anxieties, comfort in all afilic of the nation be disregarded, and a Sunday delivery, with tions, composure, peace, and joy, in the very pangs of dissolu

some slight modifications, be resumed. It is very plain that tion. They should try to diffuse the knowledge of God's true this will not be the end of the movement. The Post-office character, of his love, his justice, and his holiness; nor shrink employès, who had begun to taste the sweets of Sabbath rest, from proclaiming that he cometh with ten thousand of his saints, The religious portion of the nation will not be satisfied to see

will surely not return contentedly and tamely to Sabbath toil. to execute judgment upon all the ungodly. With the tone of the claims of a paltry " convenience” elevated above the indignant remonstrance, they should rebuke the world's reckless sanctions of God's holy and immutable law. The nation at ingratitude; and with the tone of affectionate entreaty, beseech | large will not calmly sit still and see its rulers disregard the erring sinners to turn and live. To be rightly and effectively wishes expressed by an unexampled number of voices, from done, however, all this must be done with much prayer. For all ranks and classes of the community. In short, the battle God is King of kings, and Lord of lords; and in this spi- such bravery and energy, that ere this time next year a

must be fought over again; and we trust it will be so, with ritual sense, no less than in the natural, it is true that “ by decision will be come to, which no three “commissioners Him kings reign.” “He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, will take upon them to set aside. and lifteth the needy out of the dunghill, that he may set him Before our last Number was in the hands of our readers, with princes.” When God's grace is more improved, and the MARRIAGE AFFINITY Bill was withdrawn from the more abundant, his kings shall reign with more authority and

House of Lords. There is reason to hope that the feeling in

opposition to this Bill is gaining strength, and that if it power; the prince of this world, deprived of his dominion, should be introduced another session, it may meet with less shall be cast into the bottomless pit; and guided and directed encouragement than before. The movement in Scotland has by “ a King that reigns in righteousness," the princes” of not been without influence in this result. A much larger the earth “shall rule in judgment."

measure of interest in the subject has been awakened, and the dangerous consequences of the measure to the peace of the Church, and to the welfare of the community, are more

generally appreciated. Should the Bill be brought in again, Public events.

we believe that the opposition from Scotland will be still more determined and strong. Every effort should be made

to prevent the Bill from passing the Commons, as the House The session of Parliament has now closed, and, in looking of Lords, in these times, is not so strong a barrier as it used back on its proceedings, we find little to notice that can afford

majority of only 6, in a House of nearly 200 members, gives are much in the same situation as before, although there is us every reason to suppose that that Bill, or some similar good reason to believe that the cause has made a great ad. measure, will be introduced again, in next session of Parliavance in public opinion, and is much nearer victory. It will

ment. It is plain, then, that the subject of National Educabe remembered that during the last recess, on the 26th Sep- tion, and its relation to the different denominations of the tember 1849, an official announcement was made, under the country, must again engage earnest attention. Last winter, authority of the Lords of the Treasury, requiring the attend- the discussion on the merits was embarrassed by circumance of several of the London Post-office clerks, for the de- stances which we trust will not occur again. The subject is spatch of the mails on Sundays. An unexampled sensation so important, and the evil so pressing, as to demand the most was raised by the announcement, not only among the clerks, earnest consideration of all true lovers of their country. but the whole community at large. An attempt was then We regret to find that the session has passed away without made by the Post-office authorities to show that the change any thing being done, or, so far as we have noticed, even said, was fitted not to increase, but to lessen the amount of Sab- regarding the condition of the HIGHLANDS. About the bebath labour. The delusive nature of this explanation was ginning of the year, there were indications of an energetic speedily exposed by the Morning Herald and other news- movement being commenced, with a view to direct public papers. The country was speedily in a flame, under the attention to the evils and hardships prevailing in many disapprehension that the change announced was introductory to tricts; but it has come to nothing. Meanwhile, we observe by a Sabbath delivery of letters in London. When the day ar- the newspapers, that fresh evictions are taking place. Can rived for commencing the proposed change, it was found that nothing be done for these interesting regions ? the clerks would not undertake the Sabbath duty, and that, The Gorham case has terminated in a way that raises a even when commanded to attend, most of them refused to be smile at the solemn protestations of the Bishop of Exeter. present. We need not recapitulate the steps in that unex- The institution to the Rectory of Brampford-Speke has ampled national movement, which now demanded that the been granted, the Bishop protesting, the while, against the delivery of letters on the Sabbath should be put a stop to over whole thing-very much in the manner of the poor Dean of all the kingdom. So many as 5036 petitions, with 692,141 Hereford at the election of Dr Hampden. There are sursignatures, were presented to the House of Commons for that mises that the Bishop does not intend to lay down the weaobject; while against it there were but 243 petitions, with pons of his warfare against Mr Gorham, and all other clergy27,941 names. On the 30th of May, Lord Ashley's motion was men in his diocese who deny the universal regenerating carried by a majority of 25, in a house of 161 members; and efficacy of baptism. flowever that may be, we still think soon after, it was announced that the Queen, on advice of her that the evangelical men in the Church of England are in no ministers, had given orders to carry the resolution into effect. very enviable position. Their legal right to remain in the On the 9th July, Mr Locke brought on his motion, that the Church of England is now, indeed, undoubted; but their delivery of letters on the Sunday be resumed. Lord John moral influence on the side of truth-their ability to protest Russell proposed an amendment, that an bumble address against error, especially on the subject of the priestly efficacy be presented to her Majesty, praying that she will be gra- of the sacraments, seems to us very niuch weakened. Enciously pleased to cause an inquiry to be made whether the tangled by very dubious expressions in their service-book, amount of Sabbath labour might not be reduced, without and tempted to devise complex theories that will reconcile completely putting an end to the collection and delivery of these expressions with scriptural doctrine, we cannot see how letters, &c., on Sundays.” For Mr Locke's motion there their eye can be single, and their whole body full of light. voted 92; for Lord John Russell's, 233. Lord John Russell's The most striking and affecting occurrence during the sesamendment being then put as a substantive motion, there sion, has been the sudden death of Sir ROBERT PEEL. Many voted for it 195, against it 112. A commission was then ap- eminent statesmen have departed with equal suddenness, in pointed to make inquiry, consisting of Lord Clanricarde, Mr the midst of their labours--Chatham, Percival, Castlereagh, Labouchere, and Mr Cornewall Lewis. They seem to have Huskisson, and others; yet, we believe that on no occasion of framed their report merely on the representations of the Post- the kind was the sensation by any means so deep and so geneoffice surveyors; and because of some slight inconveniences ral. His memoirs will be looked for with great interest, as

they cannot fail to contain much curious information, both as to private and public affairs. Not the least interesting of

Notes on New Books. the information they may be expected to furnish, will be that which relates to the private character of Sir Robert Peel, The North British Review. No. XXVI. May 1850. which, from various little traits that have recently emerged,

Edinburgh. would seem to have been far less common-place and more

This is an able and interesting Number of the North British. instructive than many have been inclined to suppose. If all

In the opening article on “The Scottish Universities," the be true that has been surmised, it would appear that many of

Review addresses itself to a subject of which we hope it will Sir Robert's habits were exceedingly exemplary. We have

not let go its hold till something effectual is done in the direcheard, on what we consider to be good authority, that Sir

tion which it indicates. The writer urges the importance of Robert was a regular reader of the Word of God, and that however late, or however harassing the debates in Parliament

our universities being better adapted to the progress of the

times, losing their character as mere gymnasia or higher might be, it was his custom never to retire to rest without reading a considerable portion of some religious work; If such for educating to professions, including the profession of lite

schools, and being made, what they ought to be, seminaries things be true, the curiosity that seeks for more insight into his character is both natural and laudable.

rature. The writer is specially zealous on behalf of measures for forming a learned class, or elerisy, as he calls it, in the

community, and for adapting the universities to this important COMMISSION OF ASSEMBLY.

object. The fifth article in the Number, on “ The Liberties

of the Gallican Church,” will be perused with interest by all The usual quarterly meeting of the Commission was held

who give attention to the subject of the relations of Church on the 14th August. Rev. Dr Paterson of Glasgow, Mode

and State, and especially by Scottish Free Churchmen. The rator, Missionary Publications. The Committee on Publica- proper provinces of Church and State have been discussed in

France from a very early period. The first part of the article tions reported, that the first Number of the new Record had

gives a historical view of these discussions; the second conbeen published, and that the circulation had increased from

tains some observations on the matter of them. The "Gallicline the Editorship. A letter was read

from Dr Duff
, urging civil power is wholly independent

of the spiritual in all civil 13,000 to 29,000. Mr Cameron had seen it his

duty to de

can Liberties” are based on two principles :-- 1st, That the the importance of a wide circulation–100,000 at least-being obtained for the Record. Dr R. Buchanan and Dr Candlish

or temporal matters, and that, in these matters, the Church or

the Pope has no jurisdiction or right of authoritative control, explained the steps that had been taken in their respective

whether direct or indirect; and, 2d, That even in the Churcb congregations, with a view to secure the Record being read

itself, or in spiritual matters, the Pope is not the highest by every member, and urged all ministers to adopt some

authority, and that his proper place is that of a constitutional, similar plan.

and not of an absolute monarch. Gallican divines have sucThe Post-Office.-A memorial to the First Lord of Her

ceeded in reaching the golden mean, generally professed by Majesty's Treasury was agreed to, expressing the deliberate

Scottish Presbyterians, on the subject of the relation that conviction of the Commission, that the recent resolution to Suspend the Sabbath letter-delivery had not had a fait trial

; rities, avoiding both the extreme of the Ultramontanists, who

ought to subsist between the civil and the ecclesiastical authoinasmuch as no steps had been taken to facilitate the delivery deny the independence of the

State, and ascribe jurisdiction of letters late on Saturday evening or early on Monday morn

to the Church, direct or indirect, over its affairs; and also the ing; praying that Her Majesty's Government would leave undisturbed the arrangement for avoiding a Sabbath

delivery; Church, and

ascribe to the civil

power jurisdiction in ecclesi

extreme of the Erastians, who deny the independence of the and solemnly protesting and remonstrating against an adverse

astical matters. The writer pursues the parallel between the decision, should that he come to before the memorial was

case of the Gallican and the case of the Scotch Church in a signed. Mr Bridges, Mr R. Paul, Dr Begg, Dr D. Macfar

most interesting way. He quotes a remarkable passage from lane, Dr Candlish,

and Mr Hawkins, late of Calcutta, addressed the Commission on the subject, expressing their conviction

a work of the late Archbishop of Paris, containing a clear that a crisis in the Sabbath question had been reached, and

statement of the great principle laid down by Lord Kaimes

in his Historical Law Tracts, as to the only necessary, yet per: that no compromise on the subject could be tolerated.' Mr

fectly sufficient check, upon ecclesiastical encroachments, and Paul said, that he heard men of business, who were at first opposed to the change, declare, that it was the greatest pos

presenting that very picture of absurdity and mischief which

was realized in Scotland by those decisions of the civil courts sible relief they could experience not to receive their letters

which violated the principle of Lord Kaimes, and trampled on Sabbath. The Sunday newspapers had found it for their

on the liberties of the Church. Art. 6, on “ Wordsworth," advantage to print on Friday night and circulate on the Sa

contains much able criticism and philosophical writing on turday; and so great had been the increased sale, that he believed it was their intention to continue the system, even

English poetry, and assigns to Wordsworth a very high rank should the Post-office be again opened.

among the poets of his country. When we found the writer Mr Macbeth's Case. - The Commission, with closed doors, saying (p. 498), " It ought to be observed, that in all Wordsproceeded to consider a reference from the Presbytery of worth's contemplative poetry, the influence of Christian doc

trine is plainly discernible," we were in hopes that he would Glasgow, regarding the case of Mr James Macbeth of Lau. rieston, charged with having been guilty of immoral conduct bring forward some proof of an assertion of which, to say

the least, we desiderate more evidence than we possess. The about the beginning of the present year. The reference being

Number contains able and interesting articles on "The Litesustained, the libel was read over; and the evidence having

i Tubular

rary Profession,”. “ The English Language,” been also read, the Commission found the said Mr James Macbeth guilty

of fornication, as libelled, and deposed him from Bridges; " " The Method of the Divine Government," Tennythe office of the holy ministry-instructing the Presbytery of

son's “In Memoriam,” and “ Christianity in India.” The

only paper below the mark is one on the Trial of Professor Glasgow to meet to intimate said sentence, and declare the

Webster of America. The character of the Number, on the congregation of Laurieston vacant, without delay. Dr Duff.-A letter was read from Dr Duff, stating that he

whole, is decidedly high. had commenced his visitation of the Synod of Perth, but had

Morisonianism Examined and Set Aside ; and the United not yet made such progress as to be able to report to the Au

Presbyterian View of the Doctrine of Atonement Vindigust Commission. Kilbride (Artan) Case.- This case came up before the

cated and Defended. By A. C. RUTHERFORD. Commission in the form of a Report by the Presbytery of the

Glasgow: 1850. bounds, according to instructions from last Assembly, as to This title is selected evidently for ad captandum purposes. the state of the congregation of Kilbride, in connection with It suggests the idea of a return by Mr Rutherford to sounder their desire to be allowed to address a fourth call to the Rev. views; whereas the truth is, that he and his friends have now Mr Nicol of Coll. After full explanations, the Commission advanced to views so unsound that the term Morisonianiser, resolved to adhere to the judgments already pronounced, and as hitherto used, does not express them; and further, he is refuse the prayer of the petition of the congregation; and anxious to bring out, that the United Presbyterian Synod has also instruct the Presbytery to bring up a Report to next now discarded the old and orthodox doctrine of the AtoneGeneral Assembly, on the state of the congregation with re- ment, and holds, on that subject, the same views with himference to their condition to make a call,

self. The doctrines formerly held by the Morisonians, which

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