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AMERICAN CONVENTIONS.

whether they died in all cases by disease or by reason of in- so far as we heard, was that of Parker Pillsbury on the characcurring the displeasure of the prophet.

ter of their adherents. Some six or seven times, in the most “His power over his followers is utterly inconceivable to one round and unqualified manner, he declared them to be the who does not witness its exercise. A bright boy, of some- meanest creatures in God's creation!' He supposed that this thing like a dozen years, assured me, when asked, that John- would sound harsh to many; but as it seemed to be his province son could pardon his sins. Johnson, who sat touching my to utter disagreeable truths, he would fulfil his commission. side while I was examining the lad, objected to my question, He spoke as one who knew and understood them perfectly. and said, “ Ask him I be dead with Christ, and risen with He spoke at length of the munificence of Christians who rear kim, whether then I have not power to forgive sins as Christ their splendid pagodas at the corners of every street, maintain kad!"-perverting to himself John xiv. 12. His creatures of their ministers in abundance, and raise ample funds for misboth sexes were constantly coming to him for instruction; and sionary purposes; and he contrasted this liberality with the in one of those little earth-covered huts in the skirt of “Hoop- mean parsimony of anti-slavery men in supporting their cause. pole grove," Henry, county I., he had a school of prophets

, He had known a fellow turn come-outer, and leave a proin which missionaries were training for Norway, Sweden, slavery church where he paid twenty-five dollars a year to supDenmark, the United States, and I think one or two other port the minister; and then, in the fulness of his munificence, countries. Relying on his power over the superstitious terrors subscribe the astonishing sum of thirty-seven and a half cents of his people, he affects the largest liberty of speech and dis- for freedom. Among all the come-outers he had known, there cussion, and permitted me to preach in his school to his pro- were but two or three who brought with them out of the church phets; but accused me of perverting the Scriptures when I that generosity, which was the only good thing they had carried applied the text, "Cursed the man that trusteth in man" in. He said that some years ago, he and S. S. Foster told the to his followers' trust in him, and denounced my sermon in orthodox Churches in New Hampshire, that unless they came his daily preaching for weeks after I had left. He is cowardly; up to the anti-slavery demands, they would certainly be dashed and had lately, for the first time, been moved by the threats of to pieces. And sure enough, every church had lost from two to the citizens, to permit a physician to visit the colony, and some ten members, who had left them for conscience' sake. But it of his followers have been got away from the settlement by a soon became evident that they had come out to evade the Swede who has been some time in the country. But new pew-tax, rather than to make sacrifices for the liberation of oprecruits arrive from the old country; and nothing but self-pressed humanity. Again he denounced these hopeful reformdenying kindness to them and prevailing prayer to God seem ers as the meanest of all the creatures of God. "As for a capable of preventing a Mormon accumulation and Mormon man,' he said profanely, 'who was too mean to stay in catastrophe.

S. B." the church, perhaps the Lord may know what to do with him;

but I do'not!"* He did not tell of any Church in New HampI The Boston Recorder, a well-conducted religious paper, gives shire which had been ruined by such defections; and it seems the following account of certain recent American Conven- likely that, as the desertion of cowards is gain to an army, so tions:

the loss of such members must increase the strength of the Liberty Party Convention.—[The · Liberty Party” is

Churches. strongly anti-slavery. It differs from the Garrisonian party The Anti-Hanging Convention.— The day after the close in two respects. lst, It takes political action, and is striving of the Liberty Party and Anti-Slavery conventions, there was to get slavery abolished, by returning anti-slavery members

another in behalf of the abolition of capital punishment. It to Congress. This the Garrisonians refuse to do, on the was held in a hall, which was, at no time when we were preground that the constitution of the United States sanctions sent, very full. It seemed to be the old primitive abolislavery, and that, therefore, every man who holds office under tionist pie in a new crust. The chief ingredients were H. C. it, or even gives a vote, is pro-slavery. 2d, It avoids and Wright, Pillsbury, and Garrison, with the addition of a few disclaims the indiscriminate abuse, the gross personalities, and coarser 'Universalist declaimers.

The infidel spirit was the shocking profanity of the Garrisonians. The heads of the quite rampant. It seemed to be conceded, that the Old Tesparty are able and respectable men.—ED. F. C. M.]

tament sanctions capital punishment; and in requital, it was “ The first by far, both in magnitude and importance, was “hung up' to hatred and derision. The God of Moses was the Liberty Party Convention. This was held in the Tremont held up for abhorrence, in contrast with the God whom the Temple, and was largely atttended by delegates and spectators. Gospel reveals. It seems never to have occurred to these Its proceedings were pervaded by an excellent spirit, and wiseacres that Jesus was the worshipper and professed were calculated to extend the influence of the party. The messenger of the God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of lion of the day, who made the welkin ring and the forest Jacob; nor that the apostle, when accused of heresy, declared tremble, was the Hon. John P. Hale, the Liberty Party's can- himself to be worshipping in all his ministry the God of his didate for the Presidency. He closed up the doings of the

fathers. Convention, on the evening of the second day, by a noble “ The principal matter discussed while we were present was speech, of which every sentence breathed a lofty spirit of inde- the clergy, to whom was ascribed an unbounded, an almost pendence, and a pure political morality. The Liberty Party omnipotent influence over the public sentiment of the nation. is evidently strong in its men and its principles; and it is It was warmly urged, that they ought to be required by law to becoming strong in numbers. But it must not be regarded as execute the interesting duties of the hangman's office. Much embodying the whole strength of the anti-slavery feeling at

was said about these 'slurs' upon the clergy; and it seemed the north. There are many thousands, whose feelings are as to be supposed that they were writhing under them in most intense on the subject, but who think they can better sub- edifying distress. One man, presumed to be a minister of serve the cause of freedom by labouring for it in the ranks of some sort, explained the ground of his insensibility to these the political party to which they belong.

horrible slurs. With a ridiculous air, he exclaimed, 'I The Anti-Slavery (Garrisonian)Convention.—The old am a divine man! If I am a divine man, I am ready to do aboriginal scalping-knife party, held its meetings in the Melo

any divine work. And if hanging men is a divine work, then

I am the man to do it!" deon. It is rapidly on the wane. The usual leaders, male

This could only be equalled, if and female, were there; but the host which once followed

* We have had some hesitation about inserting this. It may be

well, however, to make our readers better acquainted with the them were scattered. The meetingz were thin,"monotonous, character of the men by whom our Church has been so unscruand spiritless. The only speech which possessed any interest, pulously assailed.—ED. F. C. M.

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some great calf were to strut upon his hind legs, crying out, streets; when you leave Rome this same tumult of 'If I am a divine calf, why, then I shall bellow most divirely ! priests is the last thing you see and bear. The Nothing can be more silly than the logic of these dreadful image of that ghostly multitude rises upon your slurs. Suppose we argue thus : It is the will of God, that imagination long after you have crossed the Roman the health of large cities should be preserved by cleanliness]; frontiers, and when years have elapsed, you can ergo, none but ministers of the gospel ought to be scavengers! never think of Rome that the same heaving multiOr thus : It is the divine will, that there should be governors tude of sacerdotal costumes does not come upon you and judges; ergo, none but clergymen should fill the chair of as vividly as ever.--Atlas. state and the seat of justice. This logic, scarce worthy of Dogberry, seems to be conclusive with H. C. Wright and his apos- A FATHER'S CARE FOR HIS SON. tate crew of mockers and scoffers. They cannot conceive that BEAUTIFUL and becoming in the eyes of the paternal any civil office, however humble, can be according to the mind God is the unwearied attachment of the parent to his of God, and yet not be fit for those servants of his word, whose child! Alas! how little does the unthinking spirit of proper sphere is spiritual things."

youth know of the extent of its devotedness! There Mistakes in Wills.The New York Presbyterian adverts

sits the froward, fretful, and indolent boy. The care

that keeps perpetual watch over his moral and physito a matter which here also it may be important to attend to. We know not what is the law of Scotland on the sight that denies itself many a comfort to provide for

cal safety, he misnames unjust restriction. The foresubject, or whether the question has ever been raised. If not, his future wants, he denounces as a sordid avarice. the experience of our American brethren may serve as a warn- He turns from his father's face in coldness or in ing. Our contemporary states that in several instances valu- anger. Boy! boy! the cloud upon that toil-worn able bequests have been lost to the Presbyterian Church, brow has been placed there by anxiety, not for self, through a wrong phraseology in the will, arising from careless- but for an impatient, peevish son, whose pillow he ness or ignorance in the testator. Recently a large and muni- would gladly strew with roses, though thorns should ficent bequest, designed beyond all possible doubt for the

thicken around his own. Even at the moment when Presbyterian Board of Publication, was wholly lost in conse

his arm is raised to inflict chastisement on thy folly,

thou shouldst bend and bless thy parent. The heart quence of ignorance of the laws of Virginia in the testator.

loathes the hand that corrects thy errors; and not for In another case lately decided, William Graham of Tennessee worlds would he use the rod of reproof, did he not made the following bequests :

perceive the necessity of crushing his own feelings, “ 15th, I give and bequeath ten shares of my stock in the to save thee from thyself. Memphis Bank of Tennessee to the Old-school Foreign Missionary Society.

REMUNERATION OF AUTHORS. “ 16th, I give and bequeath ten shares of my stock in the

FRAGMENTS of History, by Charles Fox, sold by Lord Memphis Bank of Tennessee to the trustees of the Old-school Holland, 5,000 guineas; Fragments of History, by Sir Home Missionary Society.

James Mackintosh, £500; Lingard's History of Eng. “ 17th, I give and bequeath five shares of my stock in the land, £4,683; Sir Walter Scott's Bonaparte was sold, Memphis Bank of Tennessee to the Bible Society.

with the printed books, for £18,000; the nett receipts “18th, I give and bequeath five shares of my stock in the of copyright on the first two editions only must have Memphis Bank of Tennessee to the Foreign Tract Society.”

been £10,000; Life of Wilberforce, by his sons, 4,000 The true titles of the societies not being given, the executors guineas; Life of Byron, by Moore, £4,000; Life of referred the case to the decision of the Chancellor of the State Mr. Sheridan, by Moore, either £2,000 or £3,000; of Tennessee, and his opinion is against the validity of the Life of Hannah More, £2,000; Life of Cowper, by bequests, which now, instead of going where Mr. Graham Southey, £1,000; Life and Times of George IV., by intended them to go, fall into the hands of the heirs-at-law. Lady C. Bury, £1,000; Byron's Works, according to These are not the only cases of the kind which have occurred. Mr. Murray's advertisement, £20,000; Lord of the They should be regarded as warnings. If an individual wishes Isles, half share, £1,500; Lalla Rookh, by Moore, to make a religious appropriation of his money, and from par- £3,000; Rejected Addresses, by Smith, £1,000; ticular circumstances, cannot do it by a direct donation, which Crabbe's Work's, republication of, by Mr. Murray, is, when practicable, the best method; then let him consult £3,000; Wordsworth's Works, republication of, by a competent and regularly educated lawyer, that the terms of Mr. Moxon, £1,050; Bulwer's Rienza, £1,600; Marthe will may be technically correct, and thus the danger of ryatt's Novels, £1,000 or £1,500; Trollope's Factory mixapplication be prevented.

Boy, £1,800; Hannah More derived £3,000 per

annum for her copyrights during many of the latter Miscellaneous.

years of her life; Rundell's Domestic Cookery, £2,000; Nicholas Nickleby, £3,000; Eustace's Clas

sical Tour, L2,100; Sir R. Inglis obtained for the ROME IN 1847.

beautiful and interesting widow of Bishop Heber, by Rome is a city of priests. They penetrate every the sale of his journal, £5,000.- Tegg on Copyright. cranny of domestic life with the subtlety of air or light; are found everywhere, from the Corso to the

Calls Moderated. dungeon; they cluster in the streets like mosquittoes; Dirleton.-Rev. Mr. Hewitson, February 15. you cannot turn round without stumbling against an Gartmore.-Rev. Mr. Alexander Clerihew. ecclesiastic; in short, that which is a very large epi

Inductions. sode in the life of all other Italian cities, is the whole

Dirleton.-Rev. Mr. Hewitson, March 9. life of Rome. This is the first and the last impres

Tillicoultry.Rev. David Black of Gartmore, Februar; 3, sion left on the mind of a stranger. When you enter Rome, the first thing that strikes you is the im

Printed and Published by John Jo

15, Princes Street, mense concourse of priests of all kinds, crowding,

Edinburgh; and 26, (Paternoster Row, London, And sold by the pressing, driving, sauntering, and hanging about the Eooksellers throughout the kingdom,

THE

FREE CHURCH MAGAZINE.

THE PROGRESS OF REVOLUTION.

cipated a sudden and entire overthrow of his power,

and his whole political system by one shock and in a In the brief sketch which we laid before our readers single day. Yet so it has happened. While the last month, we ventured to say, “We think it more hoary statesman imagined he had but to tighten his than probable that the revolutionary movement, grasp on the reins of restive Hungary, he was unex. thus begun, will traverse and shake all Europe, ere pectedly annoyed by some petitions for reform of its earthquake agitation cease.” Since these words various kinds, presented by the students in Vienna were written, they have been most marvellously rea- itself. At the same juncture the legislative body had lized. There is not, at this hour, a state in Europe met, and had adopted an address, craving from the in the same political position in which it was a month emperor redress of some grievances, but in most reago. The earthquake agitation of the Third French spectful terms, and to a very modified extent. Revolution has already traversed nearly all Europe, Roused by these events, crowds of people began to shivering to pieces some thrones, and changing the assemble, and agitation and anxiety speedily pervaded character and condition of others. It would be a the city. Next day a conflict between the troops and tedious and somewhat monotonous task to trace the the people took place; but even before it had time progress of the revolutionary movement, among all to become serious and general, the government the kings and kinglets whose crowns it has removed or quailed, Prince Metternich fled, and the Revolution changed. But some of the cases are both in them. was complete. The people amused themselves by selves so striking, and so fraught with strange mean- executing Metternich in effigy; and after having ing, that we must direct our attention to them in heartily cheered their soft and good-natured emperor, both points of view.

who had conceded every demand, they celebrated The instance which will, probably, most surprise the almost bloodless triumph of constitutional liberty common thinkers and politicians is that of Austria. by a brilliant illumination of the city in the evening, It has been customary for a class of writers to praise and then resumed their previous state of placid rest. the mild and paternal government of Austria, under The Revolution of Austria was merely the overthe bland sway of its good, easy emperor. But the throw of despotism, and the acquisition of liberty. emperor was not the ruler of Austria, though he wore It did not seek the removal of the reigning family, the crown imperial. The rod of power was wielded nor any organic change of government; it merely by Prince Metternich, who was regarded as the most demanded and obtained the triumph of constitutional subtle, skilful, and practised statesman in Europe, at principles, sufficient to secure the enjoyment of freeleast since the death of Talleyrand. For more than dom. Having no great public changes to make, it thirty years, the whole political influence of Austria was able to cease at once from conflict and agitation was swayed by Metternich; and the very essence of when its main points were gained. his policy was to support and perpetuate despotism. But while the Revolution in Austria Proper was Bat he was a cool, crafty, and even sagacious politi- brief and comparatively pacific, it assumed a different cian. He was aware that to line the yoke softly, aspect in the provinces. At Vienna, the emperor and make it fit easy, was the best way to prevent any lived among his people like a father in his family, attempt being made to throw it oft. There was no and the revolutionary movement was mitigated by unnecessary harshness in his rule, so far at the least respect and love for him; but in the provinces, no as the physical condition of the people was concerned. such benignant influence was felt, and it became a True, they might not enjoy religious liberty, or the conflict of power with power. Throughout Lombardy, freedom of the press, or anything that might tend to the struggle was fierce and bloody. In Milan, and stimulate the dangerous practise of thinking for them several other cities, the Austrian garrisons maintained selves; but they might feed well, toil lightly, and a desperate resistance against the insurgent inhabienjoy many opportunities of festive amusement, tants. That resistence, however, proved ineffectual. anything that could make them comfortable animals, City after city drove out their respective garrisons, and might render them contented with mere animal and obtained liberty. At length the King of Sarcomforts. At the same time armies on armies half dinia invaded Lombardy, with the avowed design of filled the land, causing it to resemble one vast camp. assisting the native population to drive out the Such was the general policy of Metternich; and it Austrian troops. The Sardinian forces, it appears, seemed likely to subsist as long at least as he con. came into collision with those of Austria, as the latter tinued alive, and able to conduct it. Many a one were retreating from Milan. A sharp conflict ensued, thought that the death of Metternich would be and the Austrians were beaten and dispersed. In perilous event for Austria; but few could have anti- this movement made by the King of Sardinia, there No. LII.

APRIL, 1848.

is a most dangerous element. Up till this period, with the philosophers, write like a practised anthor there had been no interference of one country with speak in a style of eloquence that would have done another, each conducting its own revolution in its honour to an able orator, frame a state document own way. But the Sardinian invasion of Lombardy which might have excited the envy of a skilful dihas set the example of such interference, which is plomatist, address a Popish audience in the Cathedral too likely to be followed. His conduct has served of Cologne, and converse with Evangelical ministers also to rouse the pride of the Austrians; and they are on the principles of sacred truth and spiritual liberty. making great preparations to re-conquer Lombardy. We have often marked with intense interest the Shrewd suspicions are entertained that the King of signal tact and power with which the Prussian Sardinia is actuated by the ambitious desire of an- monarch could acquit himself in every position in nexing Lombardy to his own dominions, which would which he might be placed; and we have mused and thereby form a compact and powerful kingdom, wondered what would be the ultimate career of so stretching across the north of Italy, from the Gulf of remarkable a man. That career appears to be now Genoa to the Adriatic. What, in such a case, would opening before him, and on it he seems to be nobe done by Tuscany, Naples, and the Papal States ? thing loath to enter. They could not look tamely on, while they were Berlin, like Paris and Vienna, had its revolution. being hemmed in by so strong a power, making, ary conflict. The accounts of that conflict which however fallaciously, loud pretensions to the support have been given to the public are somewhat conand extension of constitutional liberty, and calling fused. It would appear that the collision between for the resurrection of all Italy. Should this Sar- the troops and the inhabitants was almost accidental, dinian movement advance, it seems certain to cause or arose out of some misconception on the part of the a European war; that is, a war in which all the military with regard to the orders which they had chief powers of Europe would be more or less engaged, received. It continued throughout an entire day, but of which the fierce and bloody vortex would be but ended in the defeat of the inhabitants. This Italy itself.

occurred on Wednesday, the 15th of March. Next Hungary and Bohemia are all but severed from day the king withdrew to Potsdam, and there was a Austria. Cracow, and Gallicia, the Austro-Polish cessation of hostilities. Meanwhile, information of province, has asserted its independence of the em- the Austrian revolution reached him, and he perpire, but seems disposed to make a temporary com- ceived at once in what manner a new direction might promise, by terming the Emperor of Austria King of be given to the mighty movement. He framed a Poland. How long such an arrangement could con- proclamation or decree, in which it was proposed tinue, if indeed it could ever actually begin, it would that all Germany should be combined into one great be rash to predict; but it is impossible to suppose federal state, with one federal banner, one supreme that it would not, ere long, experience a dissevering federal tribunal, one law of naturalization throughshock. The besotted King of Bavaria has abdicated out the whole, one scheme of weights, measures, and in favour of his son; and a constitution has been commercial rights, with universal liberty of the press, granted to the kingdom. The German provinces of and equality of civil and political rights for all reliSchleswick-Holstein have been detached from the gious persuasions. Having promulgated this truly kingdom of Denmark, that they might be re-united magnificent conception, he deplored the blood that to their German fatherland. It is yet uncertain had been shed in vain, formed and armed a Burgherwhether the King of Denmark will venture to at- guard, to which he intrusted the preservation of tempt the re-conquest of these provinces by war, or public tranquillity, and mingled freely with the whether he will shrink from the perilous conse people, without betraying the least apprehension for quences of such an attempt.

his personal safety. The great idea flashed at once Beginning with Austria, we have glanced round into the German mind, fusing into one every other the Continent, marking the progress of the revolu- | thought and emotion. It seemed the vision of the tionary earthquake. But we now direct our atten- vast and lofty future for which they had been longtion to the central power - Prussia. For some ing, and they almost ceased to regard anything but considerable time past we have marked the cha- how it might be most speedily realized. racter and the career of the Prussian monarch Can it be realized! For a time, we think, it may. with deep and increasing interest. This was drawn Not, however, as a new Germanic Empire, with forth partly by the condition of the country, and Frederic William as the emperor. But it may, as a partly by the character and conduct of the king semi-regal Republic, with Frederic William as its himself. On the peculiarities of the German Lord-Proprietor, its Cromwell, or its new Arminius. mind we do not mean at present to dwell—on For such a position he seems to possess all the neits extensive learning-its profound, vague, and cessary qualities and powers. And it seems possible dangerous metaphysical philosophy—its presumptu- that he might, in the present fervour of the German nus tampering with the Bible-its speculative infi- mind, construct such a federal state, place himself at delity--its dissatisfaction with everything, past and its head, and wield its sceptre during the term of his present, and its eager craving for something new, natural life, should no second and deeper revoluvast, and lofty;-on these we merely glance, only for tionary earthquake convulse again the Continent. the purpose of saying that in no part of Germany | The prospect of realizing such an idea suggests some did all these elements ferment and boil with greater strange conjectures. What would be its most pro· vehemence than in Prussia. Almost the only ele- bable effect with regard to civil liberty, and vital ments of hope were those of increasing Evangelism religion? Propitious in the first instance to both, in the Church, and the prospect of some measure of but most to civil liberty. Already hàve its beneficonstitutional liberty in the State. In the midst of cial influences on civil liberty begun to appear. this almost chaotic scene appeared the king, in The German provinces of Schleswick-Holstein whose own mind something of all those jarring ele- have already severed themselves from Denmark, and ments appeared to be contained. He could think sought to be incorporated in the great Germanic

and power.

Confederacy. Poland is re-appearing from the pile equally false liberalism, cannot avert revolutionary of blood and ashes in which her national existence convulsions; as the fallen or tottering thrones of had been buried. And, although, the armed herds Germany bear witness. They may learn, that a reof Russia are mustering fast to trample down once more volutionary movement once begun, tends not only to that ill-fated people, yet the Germanic Confederacy speed onward, but to sink downward as it advances; yields a gleam of hope for Poland. For though as the present state of France so fearfully displays. Prussia may give up her Polish province to the But they may learn also, that true and salutary rePoles, she does not mean to hand it over to the forms, granted in time, and conferring true con Russians; and it must be the interest of all Germany stitutional liberty, civil and religious, may happily to place between her and Russian despotism the avert a revolution, or direct its progress into a salubarrier of a free and powerful kingdom. Should tary and pacific channel; as has been seen partly even Russia march on Posen, or on Cracow, she will be in Austria, and more fully in Prussia. met not by Poles alone, but by Prussia at the head But a lesson vastly more profound and important of Confederated Germany. Such an event would is also taught by these startling revolutions. They mightily consolidate the young confederacy. But are manifestly beyond the power of man, either to when we think of the wide-spread and extensive in- produce or to control. They start into existence fidelity of Germany, we cannot help regarding it as when and where they were least expected ; their probable that the German Confederacy, and its power appears to be altogether irresistable; they acphilosophical protector, might ere long ripen into a complish their work, and pass on. Surely we are compact, powerful, and proud infidelity, hostile to all constrained to say, the hand of Providence is here: religion and fiercely intolerant of all earnest and Divine judgments are abroad in the earth. These spiritual faith.

dread convulsions began in Italy, in the spurious The prospects of the new French Republic are, in liberalism of the new Pope. Its chief shocks have the meantime, growing darker and darker every day. been felt in Popish countries; and in them it still Public credit is almost entirely gone. Neither work, continges to heave and tremble. Popish Ireland Fages, nor food can be readily obtained. The revo- appears to be within its convulsive sweep. Protestlutionary feeling is sinking into a deeper substra- ant Germany, though more than half infidel, reels tum of the people. At first it was an insurrection and staggers for a space, but seems likely to recover, of the middle classes against a designing and despotic if not to acquire even a mighty increase of stability monarch, and a corrupt administration. It is now

Britain has had her mobs, composed assuming the aspect of an insurrection of the lowest only of the immoral and irreligious; and these have class of the population against the middle. Already been easily suppressed. Does not all this teach most has the National Guard lost its ascendency. In- impressively, that constitutional freedom, based on numerable clubs of fiery and factious politicians and pervaded by true spiritual enlightenment, are swarm in Paris. Dissatisfaction exists in the south- the only true protective principles ? This, we fully ein provinces, and ominous disturbances have begun believe, is the great lesson which statesmen ought to to break out. The election of the Republican Depu- learn from the present wide-spread revolution. And ties is at hand; and it is almost impossible to imagine they ought immediately to profit by such a lesson. that these elections can take place without giving Every grievance should be immediately redressed; rise to numerous and formidable conflicts. And as every abuse reformed; every salutary improvethese conflicts, should they take place, will be among ment carried into effect; and above all, every the lowest and densest masses of the population, and thing which tends to impede the progress of true about matters that stimulate only the elements of strife spiritual enlightenment, and to prevent full spiria and rivalry for the possession of power, there will be tual liberty, should be at once removed. Nay more; in them nothing to mitigate the fierce passions which every proper and competent effort should at once be they will evoke. The prospect is very dreadful : we made to introduce spiritual light and truth into every dare not, even in thought, regard it with a stedfast gaze. portion of the country, and especially into the dark

Can Britain escape from the shocks and perils of and degraded masses of the community, into the this fearful period! We turn to Ireland, miserable, dense blackness of which the private exertions of misgoverned, ungovernable Ireland, and shrink Christian benevolence have not been able to pierce. from venturing to answer. This only will we The only way, in short, by which a civil revolution say, that while the wretched pretext of obtaining can be prevented, or rendered innocuous, is to ans aid from the Pope, to govern Ireland, cannot but be ticipate it by a moral and religious revolution. regarded now as a weak and deceitful subterfuge, Grave musings may arise in the mind of the if still our statesmen and politicians resolve to enter thoughtful Christian whether in these revolutions, so into any kind of public relation with the Pope, and rapidly and marvellously traversing Europe, he may succeed in carrying their intention into effect, the not venture to conjecture that the stone cut without Sun of Britain will be speedily overcast with the lurid hands” has begun to smite the feet, even the toes, of gloom of earthquake and eclipse.

the image, the ten kingdoms into which the ancient Some profound lessons have been sternly taught Roman Empire was divided, and that the time of its to statesmen by these revolutions, if only they have being broken to pieces is at hand. He may hesitate wisdom to learn and profit by them. They may to bestow much confidence on either his own or any learn, that state-craft and diplomatic intrigue can- other person's attempt to interpret prophecy; but not preserve a nation; else, why fell the throne of he will watch narrowly and read carefully the signs Louis Phillippe so easily? They may learn, that of the times, both that he may be found watching despotism of the most compact and solid kind, mel and praying, whatever event may take place, and lowed with the paternal kindness of the despot him that his faith may be strengthened rather than self, cannot preserve a government; as the fall of shaken, when he seems to perceive the glorious Austria has signally proved. They may learn, that marching of Divine Providence, the forth-putting of the bewildering glare of a false philosophy and an

divine power

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