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It appears that, on the 23 April last, Mr. Chirol On what topics does the reader suppose Mr. a solicited, with more than usual earnestness, the Bennet dwells on such an occasion ? Is it the docoffice of curate in the parish of St. Paul's.”*' His trinal errors and the anti-Christian character of the sysreason for so doing is thus given by himself :-“ In tem which his curate had embraced, as contrasted April last, as Mr. Bennet has stated, he kindly con- with the reformed and scriptural character of the syssented, at my earnest request, to appoint me one of tem he had abandoned? This would be rather too his curates at Knightsbridge. At that time I was delicate ground for an Anglo-Catholic" priest. firmly convinced of the catholicity of the English Accordingly, he tells us coolly in his preface, that he Church. I believed that Anglicanism” (as it has been

“ has abstained most carefully from all topics of contro called in other words, Tractariunism) “ was the versy, because he has always thought that the gravamen true representation of the mind of the Church of of the sin of which our priests are guilty in abandonEngland, and I wished to be placed where Church. prin- | ing the Church of England, is the violation of their ciples and doctrines were taught, and the Church system oaths.” Taking, therefore, for his text, Matt. v. 33 : was fully carried out. For this and other reasons it “ Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform to the was that I earnestly desired to be connected with St. Lord thine oathe;" he spends his whole sermon in proving Pauls, Knightsbridge.” + How cordially Mr. Chirol's poor Chirol to be a perjured man; and what a shocking "earnest request” was responded to by Mr. Bennet, thing this perjury is, seeing that society cannot get is evident from the fact that Mr. Chirol was at once on without faith.* No doubt Mr. Bennet imagines fixed on "to preside over the new (district) Church that the rapidity of the change may justify the susof St. Barnabas, and in the meantime got the charge picion of foul play, and fully warrant the peculiar of the new schools and district.” Such an enthur line of discourse in which he indulges. But the siast for Church principles, who could serve with weapon he uses is a two-edged one, and may prove comfort only where “the Church system was fully more dangerous to himself, as a sworn subscriber of carried out," was just the man for Mr. Bennet. His the Thirty-nine Articles, and eating the bread of a other curates, though doubtless of the same type, had Protestant Establishment, than to the man who, by probably given no such evidence of zeal for them as only ceasing to be inconsistent, has provoked his ire. embraced with open arms, but appointed, over the Mr. Chirol; nor, from all we can hear of him, is he heads of his brother curates, to the charge of the new likely to prove a very valuable accession to the district, there to expatiate and do his best for the Roman Apostacy. But the very suddenness of his condevelopment of the Church system.”

version speaks volumes on the true character of AngliBut alas for Mr. Bennet and the Church system ! canism. Here, we think, Dr. Wiseman fairly has Nr. Mr. Chirol proves a broken reed. On the 24th of Bennet. He also has his theory of the rapidity of August-four months only from the time when he ear- the change; and though it supposes an elevation of nestly entreated to be appointed one of the curates sentiment which we have seen no ground to believe at Knightsbridge, and but two months after he had that Mr. Chirol possesses, we cannot deny it the entered on his duties—he intimates his intention of praise of more dignity and more verisimilitude than joining the Church of Rome. The purpose is soon the gross insinuations of Mr. Bennet. completed, and Mr. Bennet, irritated to the quick, “Let us imagine (says the sleek Bishop of Melipotamus") a "comes out” immediately on the subject, in his ser- young, Anglican clergyman disgusted with the appearance of mon entitled “ Apostacy. By the copy before us it his religion in its ordinary exercise (such as crippled serappears that seten editions of it had passed through vices, the preference of a baptismal basin to a font, of a gown the press in less than as many weeks; which shows

to a surplice,' and such like Protestant vulgarities, enough to what a ferment the event had excited, and how eager his hopes, he turns his steps Romeward, meditating the while

disgust any Anglican). Damped in his ardour, crushed in was the desire to hear what the perpetual curate had on the glorious services of the Apostolic Church, and the to say for himself. And a precious production it is. unity and peace of its disciples ! But his career is arrested We do not allude to the temper it displays. To this by learning that he has not yet seen or known the beauties of perhaps we should be a little indulgent. "To have all Anglicanism. He is drawn into new influences; the leader the charges of semi-Romanism with which his views

of the religious movement assures him that in the Establishand his practices had been assailed more than confirmed Church--forgiveness of sin and peace of heart ( done to order

ment may be found all that he longs for in the Catholic in the person of one of his own curates-of one whom by a priest]-penitential observances and ascetic contemplahe had so lovingly embraced, and had with such tíon--fulness of doctrine and beauty of worship. He breathless haste delighted to honour--was bad enough. hears of churches where all this is taught and observed ; But, ere his imprimatur had been well put upon him, he thinks he has now found at home what he was going to to have his hopes from him cruelly blasted within the

seek abroad—a harbour, a shelter, a resting-place on earth.

What wonder if he should address the head of one of these brief space of a couple of months—was too bad. S

favoured spots, and solicit from him, with more than usual

earnestness of entreaty, the office of curate in his parish. His * Bennet, p. 11. + Chirol, pp. 3, 4.

doubts for the moment are set at rest, his heaving breast is Chirol, p. 4; Bennet, p. 11.

lulled into a calm. A holy work of zeal is before him. The Possibly there are other elements in the strong feeling Church (so he deems it) which he loves appears decked in her which the sermon betrays. “It is a circumstance (says Caus- majesty at his side-bis bride, his spouse ; [for priests marry tíc) well known to all conversant with the ecclesiastical move- the Church) and,' exultavit ut gigas ad currendam viam,' he ments of the last few years, that the 'Perpetual Curate' of starts on his course with a bounding heart, &c. ... And that church, with its model services and rubrical minuteness, yet a few months have hardly elapsed, and he has sunk into has long been hoping for Church preferment, and that his party new wretchedness—perplexity-almost despair, and he is have very significantly hinted his fitness for episcopal duties, found once more turning his eyes and his feet towards the as vide The English Churchman,' in reference to the newly- peaceful realms of Rome. And what will the world say of all this? created see of Manchester. Nor have they been slow to plume themselves on the fact that the Premier, Lord John Russell, * He is good enough, however, to put in a few saving is at least an occasional attendant on Mr. Bennet's ministry. clauses in his curate's favour. Among other charitable supHow mortifying to have all these cherished aspirations dis positions, he thinks it may be found that the poor man has persed—these castles in the air destroyed !” (P. 13.)

been "bereft of reason.'

sermon.

Precisely what Mr. Bennet fears it will say in the present case, From the foregoing statements the reader will be that it has all come from a false bias towards Rome, given prepared, we presume, to go along with us in the by the teaching and practice of this doubly reformed Church.

three following remarks, which want of space obliges It will say, 'See what comes of your Romanizing in doctrine and in worship- of your preaching up sacraments, the real

us to express with the utmost brevity = presence, sacerdotal absolution, fasting, and works-of your (1.) That there can be no tia media between high views of priestly authority and apostolical successionyour daily services and weekly communion, and observance

that a few months ago a young clergyman at Leamington was of saints' days. These have been so many steps on his way to

not only reproved, but deprived by the Bishop of Worcester, Rome,'"

for inculcating and practising confession. It is, in truth, a

fact too notorious to need mention, that the leaders of this But Dr. Wiseman is not contented with this ho

party, or aigsors, in the Anglican Establishment, heed but mage to his Church. It is not enough for him to say little the wishes or the opinions of the bishops, nor even their that Tractarianism brings its votary to the very edge jurisdiction. They go from diocese to diocese, taking on of the line that separates Anglicanism from Roman- themselves the guidance of the consciences of others, whether ism, and that going to bed one night an Anglican, he personally, or by letter, without the slightest regard to the

views of the immediate minister of the parish or diocese : may find himself, to his own astonishment, a Roman

they solve their doubts; prescribe their penitential acts; abist on awaking next morning. That is not the truth

solve them; nay, go bondsmen for their very souls; staking of the matter, according to him. It is that Angli- their own salvation to keep them back from the Catholic canism is a cheat, and that the poor devotee, disgusted Church, with a boldness that savours of desperation, and an to find, as he soon comes to do, that it has taken him assurance that claims infallibility. This autocracy, into in, goes over to Rome, just to get the reality of which which what is commonly called Puseyism, has degenerated or this Anglicanism is but the shadow.

grown up (for there are morbid growths as well as ulcerous

cavities in an unsound state of body), which began by pros“No! (he haughtily continues), the world, [in thus judging

trate submission to the episcopate, and has ended by utter reckof the man's change,] would be, as it generally is, wrong.

lessness of its wishes, is thoroughly displayed in Mr. Bennet's It is the disappointment tenfold imbittered, of generous hopes

But the most amazing exhibition of it he has given wound up to the highest pitch, that has caused the disgust, and

to the world in a more judicial form. I allude to that celeled to its natural result. Even where he had fondly hoped

brated • Notice, 'promulgated by him and his friends in various to find a Church full of life, and of vigour, and of power, he

ways, and now printed at the end of his sermon. (This is has discovered, on trial, that all is hollow, unreal, and unsound.

nothing less than a priestly anathema, fulminated against Mr. The staff on which he has been taught to lean, of apostolical

Chirol, not unlike that emitted against Sir William Dunbar authority, proves a broken reed, which, besides letting him fall, by We, William,' of Aberdeen, to whose especial attention

we recommend what follows.] So long as gentlemen of Mr. will pierce his hand. ... The services to which he looked forward as fraught with stately majesty, are but sapless and

Bennet's class amuse themselves and others by innocent ini. tasteless in their monotonous repetition; and the attempt to

tations of Catholicity, so long even as they pretend to handle throw ceremonial forms over their bare and dry observances

the keys of the Church, we may look upon their acts with is little better than to cast a purple robe over a skeleton or a

complacency of hope, trusting that they may be led on to the

desire of realities, with the shadows whereof they have become corpse. “That the efforts which men devoted, like Mr. Bennet, to

enamoured. But when they rashly lay their hands on the

awful thunderbolts which she commits not to any but the Anglicanism, are making to raise its character and position, lead many to the Church, there can be no doubt; but it is not, as the strongest hands, and but to be rarely and awfully

employed; world may judge, by gradually raising their views—it is by when, like children playing with edge-tools, they wantonly

thrust and hit around them, it is indeed a demonstration of disappointing them: 'it not by familiarizing their senses and minds with Catholic forms and ideas, but rather by proving discipline destroyed,, which fills every calm beholder with

wonder and dismay." (Pp. 17, 18, 20, 21.) to them, without leaving room for further hope, that these can, have no reality in connection with Anglicanism, nor out of Church.

“ It is not easy to discover what Mr. Bennet means by the communion with the Catholic Church. The experience of

If the high-Anglican divine desire to exalt

Churchmanship above Dissent, and dazzle the mere Protestant many past conversions will prove this. Instead, therefore, of Mr. Bennet's wondering at such a change occurring under his

into admiration of Church principles, he passes over the

limits both of insular and of insulated England, to the times ministry, and without any variation in outward circumstances, he ought to learn that inward conviction may flash on any

when Catholic unity bridged over her sea, and made her one

with distant lands. It is the Church not only of the martyrs of his flock, and that THEIR CONVERSION MAY FOLLOW FROM

and confessors, but of 'virgin saints' and monastic fathers, THE VERY MEANS WHICH HE IS EMPLOYING TO RETAIN

that is extolled; nay, the very Borromeos and Teresas, no THEM.” (Pp. 31-34.)

less than the Bernards and the Aquinases, are flowers of We think there is something more than ingenious that glorious tree; and the virtues of prelates and the conplausibility in these remarks, intended to account genius, under whatever sun and whatever hierarchy brought

version of nations, and the noble productions of art and of for the suddenness of Mr. Chirol's conversion. Whether this individual be entitled to such a de destinies of that one imperishable Church. Nothing is

forth, are all evidences of the divine origin and heavenly fence, is to us a matter of perfect indifference. But said THEN of the glories of Anglicanism; they talk of as against Mr. Bennet and the Tractarians, who can the great and holy men in the old English Church who

built fail to see that the oily prelate has the best of it ?

splendid cathedrals—I have never heard any one

boast of the Church 'that built St. Paul's. They tell you of Other extracts, if we had room for them, would illus

the Church that produced a Wykeham, a St. Edmund, a St. trate this superiority in the argument still better.

Wilfrid-100 of that which brought forth a Parker, a Ken, Nor can we resist giving in a foot-note one or two of or a Wilson. And why? Because they are speaking of the more striking passages, that the reader may see THE Church,' that which is to overawe and convince the how ridiculous these Romanizing toys look in the

Dissenter. But it is the Church of England' that next presence of real Romanism.*

comes forward to demand allegiance. And he is an

apostate ' who presumes to believe in England as it is true * “Mr. Bennet does not hesitate to call "holy orders' a to believe in France. Such is the theory of the second sacramental rite; and yet he knows that his Articles, which Church-that of England.'. By a few easy substitutions, he as well as Mr. Chirol has subscribed, reject that doctrine. the National Establishment is invested with all the prerogaHe may explain away and refue upon the matter; but he tives of the first Church, and is spoken of as though no other knows as well as any one that the simple, straightforward, existed on earth. Schism, which is a rending of Christ's seamand commonly received by his own bishops, interpretation of less garment, yea, of his very body, means longer a separathose Articles is against him. Mr. Bennet calls upon you tion from that universal Church to which such a symbol (Mr. Chirol) to go to confession to him, and be taken to the would naturally apply, but a secession from the National bishop for absolution; ..... and yet he knows full well Establishment." (Pp. 10-14.)

ROMANISM and PROTESTANTISM. If the “ Church a deep-laid plot, which required about a century for principles” of the Tractarian school be right, they the full development of its effects, she was violently have not gone far enough on the way to Rome; if disestablished by statesmen who appeared to be wrong, they have gone a great deal too far. Apostolic ready to leave everything free except the Church of succession, priesthood, the real presence, and the Christ. Popery, trade, education-all may be left whole “ circle of Tractarian ideas," must be repu- uncramped and unfettered; manacles are reserved diated, if the party would not be sucked into the only for the Church of the Redeemer. vortex of Rome.

The time has not come, when the secret and de(2.) That by unchurching all Dissenters from the lusive information by which statesmen were blinded Church of England in Britain, and from the Romish and misled can be laid before the public. It is reChurch on the Continent,* while themselves are held served for our children, or perhaps our children's chilas schismatics by the very Romanists whom they dren, to read and be amazed at the private, perhaps caress, these Anglicans stand self-excluded from the the false and garbled, information transmitted by communion of nearly all Christendom, and make renegade churchmen to politicians, who were making themselves schismatics in the most contemptible and their informants their tools. The communications odious sense of the term.

of such men as M- and P, and S---- and (3.) That as Tractarianism has proved itself a L-, important only as the men that now rule in bridge, by which earnest and simple-minded men Paris are important, because a strange combination of get easily over from Protestantism to the Roman events had raised them to influence, may yet produce apostacy-sad indeed must be the state of that astonishment in ages to come as deep and as indeChurch which has allowed such a bridge to be built, lible in the disgrace which they affix, as that with and sees its members in hundreds crossing it. “No which the revelations made by the Lockhart Papers dallying with Rome,” must be the motto of the Eng. have branded the men that plotted against the liberlish Church, if it would stand in the evil day; and ties of the Church of Christ about a century and a more than ever should out-and-out evangelical Pro- half ago. testantism be endeared to all the enlightened friends But meanwhile, though it is not, and may never of religion.

be, the privilege of the existing generation to have these things all explained, till the day when the

secrets of all hearts shall be laid bare, we have the THE SHIPWRECKS OF 1843.

means of forming a general estimate of the deterioMany of our readers will remember the effects that rating effects of unfaithfulness to their most solemn were produced when The Lockhart Papers were first vows, which characterized not a few about the period published some years ago. The veil was then with of the Disruption. We need only look at the surface drawn which had hidden, for upwards of a hundred of society to see how the effects of principle abanyears, that nefarious procedure by which Infidel states. doned, and consistency shipwrecked, have been felt men and their creatures corrupted and weakened the among men. The shock thus given to principle; the Church of Scotland, in the reign of Queen Anne. unblushing front with which some among us braved That Church had for several years enjoyed a large public opinion, and rushed forward to solicit the measure of spiritual freedom, while its liberty was

posts vacated by honest men, whom they had abanguaranteed by national deeds which rank among the doned in the hour of need; the consequent encouragemost solemn that ever were adopted. But a pure,

ment given to the godless; the countenance showed to and therefore strong Institution, which stood in the

men who reckon principle a cobweb, and conscience way of Infidel and unloyal men, like Bolingbroke

a cloak for hypocrisy; all these are matters which and his associates, must be corrupted, and so weak- may not be easily estimated, to their full extent, by ened. To accomplish that object, proceedings the

us who have so recently emerged from the din and most unprincipled were adopted, and efforts, which struggle of the controversy; but that a grave deteproved only too successful, put forth. A century rioration and damage has been inflicted, no one who rolled away, and the secret machinations were dis

even glances at society can fail to observe. There closed; a glimpse was given into the scenes, amid has been a loud, but not too loud an outcry, against which rulers sit to plot so often against liberty; and it the dereliction of principle, which recent years have would be difficult to say whether the base cunning displayed among the aristocracy of France—What that planned, or the bold precipitancy that hurried other estimate can be formed regarding doings much the iniquitous measures of Bolingbroke through the

nearer home? British Parliament, should occasion the strongest renegadism to which we allude, is the promotion

Yet one of the most remarkable features in the revulsion in upright minds. In 1843, the Church of Scotland passed through a

that has been heaped on those who abandoned their somewhat similar process; but the results were more principles, when it became expensive or dangerous promptly matured. Instead of being the victim of to maintain them. One, for instance, opposes Lord

Aberdeen's bill in 1840; and subscribes the solemn * Will it be believed that the “ English Churchman" engagement, “ as in holy covenant with God and one rates the French Protestants for being in a state of separation another;" soon thereafter he records his vote for the from the Gallican Church, and recommends them forthwith to terminate the schism ? " 'Our Protestant brethren in

Claim of Rights in 1842; he attends the ConvocaFrance ? (says this Tractarian journal, for January 13, 1348), tion, and subscribes the first set of resolutions in Noare upon a par with the lowest Dissenters in this country, and vember of that year; and then, as if by some Hindu or have nothing in common with the Church of England, either Druidical transmigration, or some Pythagorean me. in doctrine or discipline. Let them join the Gallican tempsychosis, he becomes a candidate in 1843 for a Church, and endeavour to reform. This will be more benefi- church in Edinburgh. There were high-minded men, country, where there are, alas ! very few Christians, and indeed, among the councillors there, and the unblushwhere the Church has to contend against an immense mass of ing apostasy was met as it deserved. It was too recent, infidelity!”

too flagrant and notorious, to admit of success; but men of kindred mind were found in the West who de because they could not in conscience occupy the pullighted to honour one so like themselves, though in pits of those who had abandoned all for conscience' doing so they only illustrated the adage, Like people, sake. How different their position from that of the or like patron, like priest.

men who committed moral suicide with deliberate Another perhaps passes into Strathbogie, in de resolution, first, in abandoning principle themselves; fiance of interdicts; opposes Lord Aberdeen's bill, and secondly, by rushing into the pulpits of the men and subscribes the declaration against it, to the effect who had abandoned all for principle's sake! that nothing short of a full recognition" of the two But we pass to another view of the case. The principles-non-intrusion and spiritual independence time has not yet come when we can see the secret -could“ bring about peace and harmony;" stedfastly springs of that conspiracy which was formed in the contends for non-intrusion and spiritual indepen- spring of 1843 against the liberties of the Church of dence; but in the hour of trial abandons all—he seeks, Christ, as it was then established. But, in the meanand of course easily finds, pretexts for giving his time, there are glimpses occasionally breaking in to cherished opinions “to the winds.” Nay, it is pos- enable us to understand the disclosures which will sible that, in a few brief years, we may see such an in- be made when some future M'Crie shall give his dividual lifted into the chair where men preside over “Sketches of 1843;" or some future Palgrave, diga dishonoured institute, which has consented to let ging into the Home Office repositories, shall produce an earthly Legislature supersede non-intrusion, and his “ Documents Illustrative of Scottish History,” in exterminate spiritual independence. The effacing that memorable year. We have before us, for exof the distinctions between right and wrong, the ample, a letter sent by one of the Forty-a man who abandoning of principle, and the desertion of a cause had been all stir, and nervousness, and bustle, for

he most sacred, thus receive the solemnly deliberate spiritual independence a few weeks before, but who sanction of the Establishment. It heaps the highest abandoned his position, and falsified all his pledges, honour which it can confer, on one who had once when danger grew imminent. Having sacrificed his stoutly opposed the principles of "stringent control own tenets, it was natural that he should seek to on the part of the State," on which the Establish- entrap and ensnare others—and he tried it. He thus ment is, according to Sir R. Peel, now avowedly writes to one whose principles he utterly mistookbased.

whose firmness of purpose, by the grace of God, it Yet another may exhibit to us a still more complex was not in the power of renegadism to shake :case of tergiversation in conduct, and plasticity of con- “You have adhered,” says this reverend emissary, science. He is first of all a Moderate, and ranks for reprobating whose procedure we can scarcely for a season among its rising hopes. He sees, how find words sufficiently emphaticever, that Evangelism is gaining the ascendant-and

“ You have adhered to the Resolutions of the Convocation; he veers. He becomes in due time a warm advocate

but I hope you are still ready to agree to such a settlement for non-intrusion and spiritual independence. He as would cover the principle of non-intrusion." is even active for a season in rousing the people to think of their privileges and rights. In 1840, he op

The writer of these base words had stanchly poses Lord Aberdeen's bill; speaks and votes against

advocated, not merely non-intrusion, which every it; broadly tells, in one of the debates on the Strath

one knows eventually became of secondary imporbogie case, that men must " cast their stipends to tance in the controversy, but, moreover, the Church's the winds," rather than compromise their principles;

claim to Spiritual Independence. But evil com yet ends at last in 'making a thorough somerset,

munications corrupt good manners, and Spiritual and becoming an active advocate of the views of Independence is now prudently dropt. It is slurred “ The Forty." He is now rewarded by being pushed

out of being. It was known by that time (February forward to defend, as such men can defend, the

1843) that Government would not concede it, and it wholesale pillage of the quoad sacra churches. Men

is discreetly never mentioned by one who had probecome bold by being familiarized with the derelic

fessed and blustered about it, like many more, when tion of principle: the distinctions between right and danger was distant. wrong are more and more trodden down, and

The man who made this attempt on a brother's

virtue, proceeds damaged characters, without blanching, hold the places which should be occupied only by men who “I have every reason to believe that the Government * hold the truth in a pure conscience."" When These would willingly give Sir G. Sinclair's clause with the clearest things have mellowed into history, it will be difficult expression of Dr. Gordon's objection; and they would give it to credit the contents of the dark page on which

now, if they could be induced to believe that any considerable such doings must be recorded.

number of the majority would take it." We pass over many other examples of men who

Let the reader mark what follows: vacillated between conscience and interest, till their “The Government will positively not give more, and they difficulties received a melancholy termination in the

will not, I fear, give this without such assurance. entire abandonment of principles, and the practical Here, then, is a glimpse behind the veil of mystery. denial of opinions, often advocated with a boldness We know not how our readers feel; but, in perusing which seemed to bid temptation defiance. The this sentence, we are forcibly reminded of Sharpe, effects of such procedure among men who should the infamous archbishop, while he misrepresented the have stood forward as standard-bearers, have been too confiding Scottish brethren in London, and was to lower the tone of public morals, to furnish the all the while basely bargaining with Charles II. to enemies of Christian truth with one of their sharpest sell the men who trusted the traitor, for a mitre. weapons against it, and bring dishonour, as far as Here is a man professing to be a minister of Christ, man can, on the holy name by which we are called. who has coolly merged his Church's claim to One or two men, who never made any such preten- independence of created power, and deliberately sions as some of the unhappy parties to whom we made up his mind-just to take what he could allude, declined presentations to vacant churches, 'get, and cling to his temporalities. “ The Government will positively not give more.” For the sake letter, that they would break through and demolish of emphasis he italicizes, and presses the yoke every fence? Had they not pursued the Church to which he had himself submitted on the kindly from position to position, with a fierce violence and consideration of a brother minister. Our readers a stanch resolution, the more revolting, that it was know that Sharpe offered Douglas a bishopric, and under the guise of law? And yet this minister calmly they also know the stanch presbyter's retort : “ Take says: " I do not think they would ever meddle with it yourself, James, and the curse of God with it.” a presbytery working it fairly.” He would first barter We use no such language, but there is a coincidence away the Church's righteous claims for a meagre in the spirit of parties then and now. The man that measure of non-intrusion, and then, to ensnare a had himself consented to be enslaved, proceeds to brother, pretend to believe what the events of the disenchant his brother of his love of liberty. The passing hour belied ! Government must be “induced to believe that a con- The letter closes thus :siderable number” of ministers would break their

“I write you from sincere regard both for your personal most solemn vows. Politicians of expediency must character and your ministerial fidelity.” be assured that Christian ministers can turn and abandon principle as easily as worldly men. The man who the circumstances in which it was written. An at

We pronounce this nearly unmatched, considering wrote these words turned accordingly, and then pro tempt was in the act of being made to entice a broceeded to debauch a brother's mind. If such appli-ther from his conscientious and solemn position, to cations were plied among men, at a time when not a

induce him to abandon principles to which he was few thought they saw nothing but penury before pledged before God and man-that is, to make shipthem, who will wonder though they fell into the wreck of all that, as a man, a Christian, and a minissnare, but, at the same time, who will compute the ter, he was bound to hold fast; and yet the professed baseness or the guilt of the ensnarers !

friend who enticed to all that, prates “ about personal Further, this corrupter of the brethren says:

character and ministerial fidelity.” Was there not "Now, my object in writing you is, to ask whether you something in the very echo of the words to startle would remain in the Church if such a bill were passed ? "

the man that used them ? His attempt was utterly No mention of Spiritual Independence--Non-intru- unavailing--it recoiled; but we can see in such sion, and nothing more leaving the courts of the letters, scattered far and wide by the tools of an Church exposed to all kinds of inroads which offended, Erastian Government, an explanation of the moral high-handed, and invading civil courts chose to make. shipwrecks of 1843.

And hear how tergiversation ends in meanness. But what reasons have been assigned for the reneThe next sentence is

gadism which thus became so rife five years ago ? “ Should you have a reluctance to have your name given None of the sons of change have ever, in a Church as agreeing to act under such a law, you may rely on my court or elsewhere, attempted their own defence.* dever mentioning it, provided you let me say that one, ad

We have heard, indeed, of unpleasant scenes that hering to the Convocation, had signified his willingness to yield to it (the law), rather than separate from the Church." occurred, when some Free Churchman unconsciously

opened the question of renegadism in the presence Now, here again, let the reader judge—have we of an unknown delinquent; and the defence, in such overstated the downward effects of renegadism! a case, has been, that the difference between the Mark how the author of this letter, an active, though Free Church of Scotland and the Establishment is timid agent of the Forty, tries to seduce a brother

one of policy, not of principle. Some have even from his stedfastness. First abandon your avowed been known to boast that they would change their principles, and I promise your apostasy shall be con policy but not their principles, forgetting, no doubt, cealed. You have, like myself, made solemn vows; the adage which unites honesty and policy. Others, you and I stand before the country committed, as again, have been known to state, in explanation of teachers of religion, to live it; but cast that to the their apostasy, that they adhered to the new instiwinds, and I will shield you under the garb of secrecy. tution on account of the Establishment principle; None but the Home Secretary, Sir J. Graham, or the and, of course, at Rome they would have been Foreign, Lord Aberdeen, shall ever hear of it, till Established Romanists—at Constantinople, Estabyou come forth, a full-grown apostate, a Minerva lished Turks—at Benares, Established Hindus. If from Jupiter's brain, to help us to“ induce the minis- those men really attach any weight to their own artry to believe that a considerable number of minis- gument, the Free Church has lost nothing by losing ters"--are apostates. Such is the plain meaning of their intellects; if they do not believe, and yet urge the language. If just “one adhering to the Convo it, she has lost nothing by the withdrawing of their cation” will expunge his adherence, as so many did, honesty; and, though damage has been inflicted on will make shipwreck of character and conscience, the souls of men, though the good has been weakened will give the enemies of the cross reason to rejoice, and the evil fortified by the weakness and want of and its friends occasion to weep, this emissary and principle which we now deplore, the Over-ruler has his coadjutors will rejoice.

here, as ever, made " the very wrath of man to praise But he waxes plainer :

him." “ For myself, I have no hesitation in making such a declaration as, if the bill were passed, I would study to work it fairly and fully, and would not be afraid of incurring the

A MORSEL OF CRITICISM. vexation of interference by the courts of law. To such å law they must bow; and I do not think they would ever meddle Let not the fair reader be alarmed by the prospect of with a presbytery working it fairly."

a disquisition on the mysteries of the Greek language. This sentence is perhaps the key to the letter. The observations we are about to make extend to The man that could write it was either anxious to be imposed on, or a simpleton, and easily deceived. * We make no exception in the case of Mr. Smith of Birse. Had not the courts of law shown, at the date of his The Establishment that has him for its Corypheus, is certainly a

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