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Self. He gravely tells us that those who have em- sibility of a man praising it who has read it; but it ployed close reflection in aid of their inquiries after is both possible and likely that “Truth as Revealed; truth will only disregard it. But you, Mr. Smith, or, Voluntaryism and Free Churchism opposed to the have not followed this course; you have actually Word of God : with an Answer to the Protest,” should blazoned it on the title-page of your book that you be commended, without qualification, as most logical, have answered the Protest. You have written thirty conclusive, and masterly. The praises which have pages of very unreadable matter in an abortive at. been heaped upon it, would lead any one to doubt tempt to fulil the pledge of your title-page. You either their intelligence or their sincerity. They have not disregarded the Protest, and fairly convict are, however, demonstrative of one thing, namely, of yourself of not employing close reflection in aid of the desperate need the Establishment has of a vindiyour inquiries after truth. We most frankly accept cation of some kind, and the eagerness with which your acknowledgment, and only regret that the mak. they hail the appearance of any production which ing of it should bave been so unnecessary. Did it bears such an aspect. There are some among the not demand some boldness, only four years after the ministers and adherents of the Establishment who Disruption, and not much longer after the facts which have the wisdom and the caution of the Scottish led to it, to say that these facts, embodied in the proverb-“ Least said is soonest mended;" and this form of specific charges in the Protest, rest on no better class includes all their more distinguished and inauthority than the assertion of the parties who prefer them telligent men, who never attempt any vindication of The charges in the Protest are not inferences, not the principles on which the Establishment is based, processes of reasoning—they are matters of fact and and among whom the name of the Protest is never history; they were brought out of the form of ab- heard of. But the public organs of the Establishstract principle, and embodied in a series of actions, ment—the newspapers which support it, and its which were public, notorious, simple, and intelligible magazine--cannot maintain the same reserve, and enough. Yet it turns out they are not facts after are glad when they can get anything to say. When, all, but assertions. This is the sum of Mr. Smith's therefore, the Rev. George Smith was pleased tó answer to the Protest!

unveil his greatness, and shine upon the world as This book is remarkable for its dulness. We had the luminary of the nineteenth century, his apotheosis almost said that, in this respect, it was unparalleled, was quite certain. Is it to be regretted that, in and this would have been unjust to Mr. Smith. We attempting to make divinities of some men, we have a very paiuful recollection of an abortive effort should only succeed in making them more conwe made many years ago to wade through the monster temptible ? letter of the then Dean of Faculty, and of being ob- This book is remarkable for the revelations it liged to give up the task in despair. It would be gives us of the condition into which the renegades wrong to say that Mr. Smith's book is more awfully have sunk.. The Erastianism advocated by Dr. Cook, opaque than the Dean's, but it is a homogeneous pro- and maintained by the principals of Glasgow Univerdaction. It is shorter considerably than the Dean's sity and King's College, was nothing like so farbook was, and we have been enabled to struggle reaching as that which is advocated by Mr. Smith. through it, by repeated efforts, and the exercise of There would seem, indeed, just to be two courses posuntiring patience, stimulated to the labour as a sible for men in the wretched position of apostatesDecessary preparation for our present work. We are men who have put their hand to the plough, and turned somewhat curious to ascertain whether we are quite back-either to abandon themselves, as unhappily single in the performance of this herculean labour. some of them have done, to evil habits, and endeavour We would like to have an interview with any body to drown both sense and conscience in habitual intoxi. who could honestly say that he had read this book. cation; or to take up such extreme views as those We would be disposed to venerate the unwearied in advocated by Mr. Smith-envelop themselves in a dustry of such a inan, and could recommend hiin as, cloud of metaphysical speculation, and try by what in that respect, a rare specimen of humanity. We processes they can persuade themselves that their have met some few people who had bought the book, conduct is justifiable. There are few things more being mainly attracted by the statement in the title, melancholy than to observe a man trying to mystify that it contained an answer to the Protest; but we have his conscience, to pervert his perceptions of trutli, seen vobody who had succeeded in struggling through and, by ways inconceivable to those who have not more than twenty pages of it. We are persuaded, tried it, evolving such processes of reasoning as are indeed, that the only chance it has of being read, is, contained in this book. Poor Mr. Smith, we once that the publisher should distribute copies of it in hoped better things of you. We never hoped that the public rooms of inns during the season when you would write a book, it is true; and you never sight-seers and hunters of pleasure are flocking about, would have written it, had you not felt yourself and intrust it to the accidents of a succession of wet under a terrible necessity of adopting some method days. It is amazing what a man will read under to divert and lull the demands of conscience. If such desperate circumstances.

this book is to be taken as an indication of the sentiIt may appear, at first sight, to contradict the ments of the renegades generally, it reveals very above statement, to say that this book is remarkable clearly how universally and totally the Establishfor the laudations it has received from the Residuary ment has surrendered itself into the hands of the press. But the assertions are not contradictory in civil power; or, as one of themselves once expressed reality. It is trnc, both that the book is unreadable, it," laid prostrate at the feet of the civil magistrate.” and that it has been extravagantly lauded. li is a The professed Evangelicals who remained in the book very much tu be praised by Residuaries who Establishment, remained avowedly to protest against have only read its title-page, and its invincible dul- abuses in it, and to reform them. We have someness, which has secured it against being read, has tinies wondered that their efforts in this department been the very means of securing for it the most ex. Bever came to light; but the publication of this travagant laudations. We cannot conceive the pos. book reveals to us the fact, that now, in their view, the

He says:

Establishment has no abuses to be reformed-it is to abandon the Establishment; which they did. The quite a perfect institution, and perfect especially in propositions which it is incumbent on Mr. Smith to its entire and willing subjection to civil authority, establish, in answer to the Protest, are these :-). and its happy privilege of obeying, in all things, the That the decisions and decrees of the civil courts, decrees of the Court of Session.

finally sanctioned by the State in 1843, referred to in This book is remarkable as containing, so far as the Protest, and more fully stated in the Claim of we know, the only formal attempt which has ever Right, are in harmony with the standards of the been made public of an answer to the Protest. It is Church. 2. That these decisions and decrees are incumbent upon us to endeavour to let our readers such as a Church of Christ ought to obtemper and see what the answer is. We are quite alive to the obey, because founded on the Word of God, and difficulty of doing this, for it is by no means very agreeable thereto. easy to comprehend at all times what Mr. Smith It is more immediately to our purpose, however, would be at; and often, when we have decyphered to observe that the first part of Mr. Smith's answer his meaning, we are fain to seek for one more recon- to the Protest proceeds upon an averment which is dite, the plain meaning involving a denial of such not true. It is not true that the Protest proceeds manifest and admitted truth, or such ludicrous absur. on the assumption, that a Church cannot be scriptudity, as to make it difficult for us to believe that any ral whose constitution recognises any limitation of man, however inane or stupid, could mean to say her spiritual independence. The Protest is not an what he says. However, we shall do the best we exhibition of abstract principles, but an eminently can, by quoting his own words.

"An practical document. It does not tell us what may answer can be given to the Protest without difficulty. be right or wrong under some conceivable circumThe strength of this apparently formidable document stances--it proceeds to pronounce upon the matter rests upon two assumptions. lst, That a Church in hand, and it does no more. Mr. Smith has surely cannot be scriptural which recognises any limitation read the Protest, and he was surely capable of underof her spiritual independence. 2d, That the acts of the standing a deed so very plain, and so simply illuscivil courts, complained of in the Protest, are wrong trated by fact; and yet at the very outset of his in principle-that is to say, are in violation of the answer, and as the ground-work of the whole of it, Word of God.” Mr. Smith then proceeds to answer he deliberately asserts regarding it what is not true the first of these assumptions, by contending that it -what one would presume he must have known and is lawful and scriptural in the Church to make offer, seen not to be true. We can very well believe that and bind herself to the State to teach certain doc- | Mr. Smith found it easier to answer his own convictrines, and to regulate her administration according tions than the Protest, but we do rather wonder at to certain fixed principles; that it is lawful for the the effrontery or stupidity with which he delibeState to accept this offer, and to charge itself with rately affirms that these inventions are part of the seeing that the Church, so long as it is established, Protest. The Protest is grounded on the fact,“ that continues to adhere to that offer and obligation. a free Assembly of the Church of Scotland, in accorIn the previous part of his book, he wastes very much dance with the laws and constitution of the said Church, unnecessary argument in endeavouring to establish cannot at this time be holden;" and then having set these principles, which no member of the Free forth the facts on which this assertion is based, it Church ever thought of denying. But he argues, proceeds to say : “ We are now constrained to acif you admit these principles, you do consent to knowledge it to be the mind and will of the State, as some limitation of the spiritual independence of the recently declared, that submission [to the decrees of Church; and “the spiritual independence claimed the civil courts, as to matters spiritual and ecclesiasby the Free Church is liberty to act in accordance tical] should, and does form a condition of the with the Church's future convictions. Such an in- Establishment, and of the possession of the benefits dependence is by no means scriptural, and implies thereof; and that as we cannot, without committing that the Church is bound to adopt as her rule of what we believe to be sin, in opposition to God's law, duty more than God himself has commanded, and is in disregard of the honour and authority of Christ's required to be wise above what is written."

crown, and in violation of our own solemn vows, “ With this answer to its first and great principle, the comply with this condition, we cannot in conscience Protest might be entirely dismissed." (P. 67.) Thus the continue connected with, and retain the benefits of, Protest is answered, by a farrago of nonsense which an Establishment to which such condition is attached." has not the most remote connection with it. It is The charge against the Establishment is, that it has not true that the protesters ever held or said that submitted to this condition; and he who undertakes the Church, as established, was at liberty to adopt to answer the Protest, must affirm this proposition any standard of belief or government she pleased that, in complying with the decrees of the civil They did hold that no man, or body of men, ought courts as to matters spiritual and ecclesiastical, the to surrender their unfettered liberty to inquire into Establishment has acted in harmony with her own and act out all truth; but it behoved them, if they laws and constitution, with God's law, with the honour could escape the guilt of breach of promise with the and authority of Christ, and with the vows under State, to withdraw from their connection with it, if which her ministers have come. Mr. Smith does they came to change their views. So far from seek- not even pretend to attempt this—that is to say, he ing to follow out their principles under an engage- answers the Protest by leaving its charges altogether ment that did not sanction them, they prored that untouched. their principles were again and again, with every Mr. Smith notices and comments upon the acts of kind of solemnity, adopted and sanctioned by the interference by the civil courts recited in the ProState. They held, further, that the State, having test, and says, to what “do they amount ? Just to made known with sufficient clearness its determina- one of the two following acts: ist, They restrained tion to depart from its former engagements, and to the Church from adopting, what were her future contract new ones, no resource was left to them but I convictions of God's Word, at the period when the rule obtained the State's sanction, and obliged her to Establishment has submitted to such judgments of adhere to her original convictions therein expressed. the civil court; but it is utterly unreasonable to call Or 2d, They imposed on the Church the State's upon me to vindicate its submission, because it was sense of their original convictions.” Now, here again rendered to the Court of Session, and not to the the Protest and Mr. Smith are at issue on a matter House of Lords. And so on through the whole narof fact. The Protest assumes and declares that rative of the Protest. Had the House of Lords, inneither the one nor the other of these things was deed, pronounced a decision upon all the cases retrue. It sets forth that what the Church aimed at cited, a vindication of the submission of the Estabwas to act in accordance with its laws and constitu- lishment would have been necessary, and might, tion, as recognised and sanctioned by the State. It perhaps, have been difficult. But if the Establishasserts no claim on the part of the Church to adopt ment chooses to submit without appeal to the Court a new rule, in its connection with the State. It of Session, or to a sheriff, or it may be a justice of asserts that the State had often, by acts of Parlia- peace, we have, it seems, no right to ask her to ment and solemn treaty, guaranteed and sanctioned vindicate her conduct, and to prove its accordance the principles which the Free Church attempted to with the Word of God. The Establishment concarry out within the Establishment. It assumes that tents itself with the decisions of the inferior courts the State, by its denial of the Claim of Right in 1843, -recognises the rightness of these decisions in the adopted and declared a rule altogether new, namely, fact of yielding obedience to them—consents that that the Church as established, in all acts and causes, these decisions shall become, to it, law; and by its was henceforth to be subject to the decisions and submission declares that these decisions do, in fact, dictation of the civil court. This is what the Pro- constitute the terms of the relation now subsisting test says, and proves, and this was what Mr. Smith between it and the State; and Mr. Smith tells us that had to deal with in answering it. He was bound to for the doing of this it is utterly unreasonable to affirm this proposition, that it is a right and scrip- demand a vindication ! Our inference from this tural constitution for a Church of Christ to acknow- statement is, that he means to affirm the following ledge and recognise the civil courts as its supreme proposition : That it affords matter for reasoning and head in all cases, spiritual, ecclesiastical, and civil; proof when a Church submits to the decision of the that is to say, to have no rule of duty, but the pro- House of Lords, but that the Establishment ought perty of obeying the mandates of civil courts. But to submit implicitly to the Court of Session is a thing the whole of Mr. Smith's observations upon the so elementary and axiomatic, so essentially involved Protest, in so far as it sets forth the acts of interfe. in the relation between the two bodies, that it is inrence on the part of the civil court, are ranged under capable of proof, and it is utterly unreasonable to the two general heads we have noticed, and there- call on them to vindicate it as in accordance with fore none of them are applicable to the Protest the Word of God. Of such stuff is the answer to the at all.

Protest composed. Our readers surely do not expect In the course of his observations, however, many that we should trouble them or ourselves farther things occur which might claim a passing obser- | about it. vation, were it only to notice the ludicrous gravity There is only one other thing which we shall with which the most absurd statements are made, notice in this book, and we do so that our readers as if they ought to claim universal assent by the may be convinced that, in the preceding observamere rehearsal of them. As thus: “Of the acts tions, we have not been dealing unjustly by it, nor of the civil courts narrated in the Protest, the treating it with undue severity. Mr. Smith venChurch of Scotland can only be bound to vindicate tures to tell us, at p. 61 of his book, what Erastianism tvo, viz., those implied in the first and second Auch is, as follows: “And here we would venture to put terarder decisions by the House of Peers, since 'in the minds of others right as to the true nature of these alone has the mind of the State been finally Erastianism. Erastianism, according to the view of given. Respecting others, we do not know what its it taken by our opponents, implies the Church's mind may be. They were not brought by appeal acting in accordance with all the truths of God's before the supreme courts; and until the principle Word, revealed to her mind, under the additional adopted by the State shall have been given, it is obligation of an act of Parliament to adhere to it. utterly unreasonable to charge the acts of an inferior [This is absurdly false, but entirely in accordance court against us, or even to call on us to vindi. with Mr. Smith's way of stating the views of his opcate our submission to them as in accordance with ponents.] But the charge of sinfulness brought the Word of God.” This is an exquisite piece of against the Church of Scotland, because of such obreasoning. By it Mr. Smith at once gets rid of ligation, is entirely at variance with those principles at least seven of the eight specific charges adduced declared in the Word of God. In the act of the in the Protest. The Protest says it is in viola- Established Church there is no Erastianism, no saction of the Word of God for the civil courts to rifice of a single scriptural principle. Of Erastianism interdict the preaching of the gospel. Oh! but says proper the Church could only be guilty were she to acknouMr. Smith, it is utterly unreasonable to call upon us ledge a civil obligation not to relinquish her endowments." to vindicate our submission to such interdicts, for This, we are bold to say, is a discovery in ecclesiasthey were never appealed to the House of Lords. tical science, if not worthy of the nineteenth century, The Protest, says it is in violation of the Word of at least quite worthy of the Establishment in ScotGod for the civil courts to suspend spiritual cen- land. According to this definition, it would be hard sures pronounced by the Church courts. Mr. Smith to find an Erastian Church. Erastianism consists in answers again, that the interdicts and decrees in these the Church coming under a civil obligation not to matters were never appealed to the House of Lords. relinquish her endowment! Of course, then the The Protest says, the civil courts should not reduce Establishment in Scotland is not Erastian, Her and set aside a sentence of deposition from the office ministers might, if they chose, give up their manses and of the ministry. It is true, says Mr. Smith, that the I stipends, and as the law does not compel them to retain these, the Church is not Erastian. Of course, United Presbyterian Missionary Record. Vols. I. and II. the Church of England is not Erastian. Of course,

Juvenile Missionary Magazine of the United Presbyterian

Church. Vol. IV. Charles II., and his Church of Scotland, was not


Both of these periodicals are conducted with tact and Erastian, and of course Mr. Smith would have seen

judgment, and abound in valuable matter. There are few no objection to become a minister in that Establish- records of missionary work more painfully interesting than ment. Such is Mr. Smith's vindication of the prin. those given in the Record of the mission at Calabar. We ciples of the Establishment, such his views, when deeply sympathize with our brethren in the loss which the they come to be intelligible, of the true nature of mission has sustained in the death of so devoted and earnest a ecclesiastical constitutions. Let us have no more of labourer as Mr. Jamieson. The Lord's people are apt, in them to vex the patience of honest industry. Let entering on their more difficult enterprises, to put too much

trust in man, and He, in many striking ways, teaches them them be at once buried and forgotten. As Thomas how vain that trust is. But He will bless His own work not Carlyle says of other books: “The sound of them is withstanding; and we cannot but hope great things from this vot à voice, conveying knowledge or memorial of any mission for Africa, until now so dark and degraded. earthly or heavenly thing; it is an inarticulate, slum- Sabbath-School Teachers' Magazine. Edinburgb, berous mumblement, issuing as if from the lake of We have commended this magazine before. Most cordially eternal sleep craving for oblivion, for abolition, and we do so again. It is invaluable to Sabbath-school teachers, honest silence."

as a repertory of advices, hints, and model lessons. We should rejoice were it read and pondered by every member of

that most important fraternity. Notes on New Books.

A Sermon preached in the Free Church of Kircudbright,

on the opening Sabbath of the year 1848. By the Rev.

John MMILLAN, minister of the Free Church there. Tyller's History of Scotland Examined. A Review. Edinburgh.


Mr. M‘Millan has published this sermon by request. We In this volume—the substance of which appeared; sometime ago in the North British Review-we are presented the words—“ It is high time to awake out of sleep," and con

have perused it with interest and pleasure. It is founded on with a dissection of the merits and trustworthiness of Mr. Tytler, and of his claim to be regarded as "the bistorian " of his providence, been teaching our Church and couutry during

tains an improvement of the lessons which the Lord has, in Scotland. The result is to him an humbling one, but he cannot well complain of the process by which it is reached. The tive, and the whole tone elevated and solemnizing. We re

the past year. The style of the discourse is vivid and attracreviewer not only points out in Mr. Tytler?s volumes many gard it as a favourable specimen of our popular Scottish discreditable inaccuracies, but also convicts him, in numerous

preaching. instances, of singularly unfair and garbled representations in connection with important points of fact and principle. These The Catechumen; A Manual for the Examination of Candilatter are made chiefly in connection with his accounts of the dates for Church-Membership. With an Introductory character and policy of the Reformers--the most glaring being Address to a Candidate. By the Rev. PETER DAVIDSON, bis fainous, or rather infamous, charge against John Knox, of

Edinburgh. being an accomplice in the assassination of Rizzio. Still We have examined this manual with some care, and have further, the reviewer asserts, and produces much to prove, pleasure in recommending it. It is clear, concise, and scrip that Mr. Tytler is sadly lacking in those powers of judgment tural. The topics also are arranged with great judgment. and generalization which are essential to the mental character Ministers will find it extremely useful for the examination of the historian.

and instruction of their young people at the important season The Poetic Prism; or, Original and Reflected Rays from for which it is intended. It comprehends more within its

Modern Verse, Sacred and Serious. Edited by ROBERT small compass than any other work of the kind with which NORTHMORE GREVILLE,

Edinburgh. we are acquainted. By far the most judicious and best sustained collection of

The Portion of the Levites; or, God's Ordinance for the sacred and serious pieces which we have at any time met with.

Support of the Ministry. A Discourse, by the Rev. Besides numerous selected pieces, it contains original poems

SAMUEL MILLER, Glasgow. by Lady Emmeline Stuart Wortley, Mrs. Southey, Mrs. Abdy, Miss Frances Brown, the Rev. Thomas Dale, James Mont

An admirable and high-toned, discourse, in which the claims gomery, Esq.; D. M. Moir, Esq., &c., &c. We entertain an of the ministry to adequate support, and the duty of the meminsurmountable aversion to the weak and well-meant trash

bers of the Church to render it, are put upon a right scripwith which the public and editors) are so inconveniently de- tural footing. We commend it to the attention of all our luged in the shape of sacred poetry. But there is nothing of ministers as a model of what their sermons in connection with the kind here-at least we have perused about three-fourths such a subject ought to be. Mr. Miller opens his subject as

follows: of the volume, and have discovered none. A Wayfarer's Notes on the shores of the Levant and the “Some professing Christians, from an affectation of Eran

Valley of the Nile. By C. G. YOUNG, B.A. Edinr. gelicism, will acknowledge nothing as gospel truth, except So far as we have read these Notes, we think favourably of high doctrinal preaching. The exposition of practical duties them. They do not possess much power in thought or illus- is regarded by them as betokening low views of the scheme tration, but are pleasant readable sketches notwithstanding. of divine grace, and their impatience becomes extreme when The faults of the book, in common with many others of the the duties enforced bear upon parting with worldly substance same class, are its minuteness of unimportant detail, and its for the support of the ministry. Pleading for any missionary want of general and comprehensive views.

cause is not subjected to such disparagement; as if the main

tenance of gospel ordinances at home were less evangelical Barnes on the First Epistle to the Corinthians. London.

in its character than the extension of them to the wastes of As we have an intention of adverting at sume length soon

heathenism. A sermon wholly devoted to the advocacy of our to the theological character of Barnes, and his merits as a

great Home Mission scheme is liable to be rejected, if not commentator, we shall only say, in connection with this volume, which has been sent to us, that it forms part of Cobbin's the pulpit, and a secularizing of the spirituality of the Gospel;

denounced, in some quarters, as a lowering of the dignity of Edition,

published under the sanction of the author, and that and even ministers have been apt to fear that they would thus it is extremely cheap, and got up in creditable style.

let down their spiritual functions to a worldly or a selfish The Will Forgers; or, The Church of Rome. By the Rev. level. Never was there a more egregious mistake. It is, inC, B. TAYLER, M.A.

London. deed, far worse than a mistake; it involves a calumnious libel This story lacks point and directness. The title, too, con against the preaching of the apostles and prophets, and even trives to be striking, by being deceptive. There are but two against the personal ministry of the Lord Jesus himself. Most references to the Will Forgers" from beginning to end, and certainly let high spiritual doctrine be preached, and preached eren these are trivial, and without the sightest bearing on incessantly. Woe betide the watehman for souls by whom the lessons which the story is apparently intended to convey. this is neglected! But duties--all duties - must also be


preached as in cessantly; inasmuch as these are the evidence the signs of progress among Dissenters seem to be counterof doctrine having become operative, and the visible fruits balanced by the signs of decay. The antagonist influence is of the truth having been received in the love of it. Hence everywhere, as a grave impediment; and, in the case of not a the apostle thus instructs Titus (iii. 8), and all other minis- few of our smaller interests, it is felt as an almost crushing tere, These things' – that is, these previously mentioned weight. Nor have we reached the worst, probably even now.. doctrines of grace-I will that thou affirm constantly, in The resources of Churchism are not exhausted. Every order that they which have believed in God might be care- new hostile movement will call forth more of its still latent ful to maintain good works;' where it is important to observe, that the good works' spoken of are demonstrated, by The reviewer continues :the 14th verse, to have reference specially to contributions of

“ Beyond all this is the effect of this policy on ourselves. worldly substance, • for necessary uses' in the Church. And

The energies that might have been directed successfully to the it ought to be remembered, that one of the most touching ex

building up of our own Churches, have been largely wasted hibitions of the doctrines of grace which Paul ever gave, was in attempts to pull down what we condemn in the Church of given by him for the express purpose of stirring up man's

our neighbours. In this respect we have inverted the scrip liberality toward such an object: * See that ye abound in

tural and rational order of things, by aiming to make men this grace also. For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Dissenters that they might become Christians, in place of aimChrist, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became ing to make men Christians, leaving their becoming Dissenpoor, that ye, through his poverty, might be rich.' (2 Cor.

ters to be a question subsequent and subordinate. "We thus rii. 7, 9.)"

take a false position in the public eye, as though we were more Inaugural Lecture, Addressed to the Theological Students concerned to make men proselytes than to make men religious.

of the Free Church of Scotland, November 9, 1847, at “Even this, moreover, is not the worst form of reaction the opening of the Session of College succeeding the attendant on this mistaken course, Our familiarity with strife Death of Rev. Dr. Chalmers. By WILLIAM CUNNING- abroad has rendered us less scrupulous of indulging in it at HAN, D.D., Principal of the New College, and Professor home. Our Churches, accordingly, have become restless, disof Theology and Church History.

pulatious, and the seat of it is not a little of that acerbity of

temper which is natural to men who feel that they are losing A Tribute to the Memory of Dr. Chalmers; Being the Substance of a Locture delivered at the commencement

ground, and losing ground in the main, through their own. of the Present Session of the New College, Edinburgh. Foly: With this exigency comes an undue

dependence on the

pulpit. The preacher is expected to be so attractive, so potent, By JAMES BUCHANAX, D.D.

as to counteract this multitude of hostile influences directed Wo rejoice at the publication of these two introductory lectures. The first is characterized by that solid thought and against him and his flock; and if he be not a man of the rare masculine good sense by which the esteemed lecturer is always power necessary to this end an end little short of miracle

in comes discontent, and a childish hankering after change... distinguished; and as to the second, we do not know that we

Thus the policy so much applauded by some mea, as being the ever read anything, even from the pen of Dr. Buchanan, more elegant or appropriate. Need we say more of either? We Nonconformity two alarming evils-much external loss, and


very heroism of modern Nonconformity, has entailed on this regret that our space this month does not allow of our presenting our readers with some passages from both.

a natural consequence, internal discord and weakness."

National Defences.-Considerable discussion has been occa

sioned by the recent publication of a letter from the Duke of Notes of the Month.

Wellington, urging a large increase in our army and davy,

assigning, as a reason for the demand, the imminent danger in The Hampden Case. — Dr. Hampden is a bishop after

which we stand of a French invasion. Mr. Cobden has taken all, and Dr. Merewether is a very sorry sort of martyr.

a chief part in opposing such a measure-ridicules the fears The Church of England, as by law established, is now formally which gave rise to it—and even asserts that the real reason of told that she is in a state of the most abjeet bondage. No

the proposal is not any fear of France, but a wish to provide · matter that Mr. Justice Coleridge cannot believe that such a

berths for the children of the aristocracy, and, by creating a system of mockery and impious formalism could be sanctioned

war, to put a drag on the advance of practical liberty in the by any Parliament, or submitted to by any Church! All the

country. We concur very much in the observations of our world has known for ages that the fact is so; and the only

acute and able contemporary, the London Patriot, who, in melancholy thing is, that this state of matters should not only referring to the subject, says :be submitted to, but gloried-in, especially by the Record and

“ We presume that the most peaceably disposed personer other evangelical organs. The controversy, however, is not

among us—even the members of the Peace Society themselves

-are accustomed at night to bolt and chain their doors, and to yet at an end. The Archbishop of Canterbury is said to be

bar their windows, not in expectation of any hostile or pra dying; and it is rumoured that Dr. Whately will be his datory visit, but simply that they may sleep in security successor! What will the Record say to this? Is he Evan- Some people, without any murderous intention, keep loaded gelical? Is he Protestant? Did he not expel an estimable arms in their houses to frighten away thieves. Others content clergyman from his diocese for no other offence than that he themselves with the protection of the armed patrol or watchjoined the Evangelical Alliance? The Record will soon find

man; and as paying, it may be, a heavy rate for this protection,

they may naturally presume upon its efficiency. How great that it has snall cause of thankfulness for the protection of an would be one's surprise, after having for some years indulged Erastian supremacy.

in this feeling of security, without any known cause for disEnglish Dissent.--A remarkable article, understood to be

trust or alarm, to be suddenly called upon by one's landlord

to order iron linings for the window shutters, alarm-bells in from the pen of Dr. Vaughan, appears in the last Number of

every room, to procure a fierce house-dog, purchase firearms, the British Quarterly Review. It adverts to the policy and and incur all this expense for no better reason than that a prospects of Voluntary Dissent in England, and in strong determined gang of burglars might some night lay siege to terms laments the nature of both. The reviewer declares that one's house, and force an entrance. The first inquiry would the effect of the agitation of the Voluntaries against the Church

probably be, Have any such outrages been committed in the

neighbourhood, or have any such evil-Cisposed persons been of England, as an Etablished Church, has been disaster and

seen lurking about? But the next question, at all events, decay:

would be, What has become of the money raised for the peace “The consequences to Dissent have been just such as com- of the roads and the public safety? Why am I rated for the monly ensue when the weak, more in rashness than discretion, police or patrol ? Why am I to be told that I am utterly challenge the strong to combat. It is not merely against without defence, when I pay so much a year for protection ? numerical odds, but against odds still more formidable, in the “ This seems to us a fair, though familiar view of the Nashape of Wealth, influence, and rank, that Dissent has to make tional-Defence question. We have a Peace-establishment of its way, Hence it has come to pass, that over the whole land some 192,500 men, of whom about 60,000 are abroad, and

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