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must necessarily be guided by a rule of discernment | The Memoir, moreover, refers to one who might, different from that by which the Omniscient is guided. Æneas-like, have exclaimed, regarding some of these “ Man looketh on the outward appearance, but the events Lord looketh on the heart.” We cannot penetrate
“Quaeque ipse miserrima vidi, the recesses of the human breast; we must “judge
Et quorum pars magna fui;" after the sight of our eyes, and reprove after the yet not a single hint is given to indicate that fact, hearing of our ears:" in other words, we can only or to suggest the remotest suspicion that aught judge by profession and practice. Of these we may but uttermost tranquillity reigned in the National decisively judge by the rules clearly laid down in the Church during the time to which it relates. Let Word; and by these alone is it competent for us to us suppose that a century has rolled away. Ths act, in the admission or rejection of candidates for volume has stood sequestered on some library Christian privilege. In doing so we may be deceived, shelf, like many other posthumous volumes of serby forming either too unfavourable a judgment of the
But a rumour has reached some one of individual, as Eli did in the case of Hannah; or too that distant age,Sthat there were stirring events in favourable a judgment, as the apostles did in the case Scotland during the first half of the nineteenth cenof Simon Magus. And, in the latter case, we may tury. The volume is consulted, if perhaps it may have positive evidence that the person is unworthy supply, some information. Page after page of the of Christian fellowship-he may prove himself to Memoir is turned over, but not an allusion is found, have “neither lot nor part in this matter." But, in though it treats of the very period. All appears to this case, the Church cannot be said to have been have been halcyon and serene, and our great granddeceived in any conclusion drawn merely from the children are thus convinced that the rumonr of a profession or practice of the individual, which war- great Church controversy, about the year 1840, has ranted ber in receiving him into communion. It was
been all à fable. There is not one reference to it in not because the apostles believed Simon Magus to be the life of an Edinburgh ecclesiastic who flourished a saint that they baptized him, but because he pro- at the very period, and in the very heart and heat fessed his faith in Christ, and they saw nothing pre of the rumoured strife. viously or presently to warrant them to question the
In the Memoir of Dr. Bennie there is not one hint sincerity of his profession; and, not being bound to by his anonymous Biographer regarding the Church believe him a real saint, they could not be said to controversy! We appeal to any impartial judge, what have been deceived in this sense. Again, by those who verdict should be pronounced on such treatment of kold Edwards' view, the reality of the saintship, or facts? Why such reticence? Why such timid shrinkthe conversion of the applicant, is the point aimed at, ing from events which, large in themselves, already and to be ascertained in the investigation, as the bulk more largely in their results? We know not the ground of his admission to the privileges of the author of this production; but sure we are, that unless Church. The error of this theory is twofold: first, he had been the missionary at St. Kilda, or in some That it proposes to establish a point confessedly be- sphere equally secluded, his silence could not be yond the reach of man's judgment—the state of the otherwise honourably explained. We do not, of heart before God; and, secondly, That it alters the course, expect in a Memoir a perfect detail of all the character of the Christian profession, making it con- events contemporaneous with the life; but when the sist, not in a confession of faith in Christ, but in a most signal and characteristic doings of the age are confession of our interest in Christ—not in a profes- silently slurred out of being, though some of them sion of Christianity, but a profession that we are bear directly on the subject of the narrative, we cannot Christians. It is needless to show the great difference but marvel at the boldness of the biographer; nay between these two things. When reduced to prac. more, we cannot but charge him with a flagrant tice, they will be found incompatible with each other, dereliction of literary honesty, for he has blotted out and will give an entirely different phase to the two half the life and half the principles of him whom ha communions in which they will issue.
undertook to describe. We lately saw a letter from a distinguished foreigner proposing that a high prize should be offered for
the best essay on the corruptions A GARBLED BIOGRAPHY.
of history by Popery. The partisans of that Anti
christian system, aware that everything but corrupt It may be known to some of our readers that some humanity disowns it, have set themselves from age inonths ago, a volume of sermons, by the late Dr. to age to falsify the records of the past, and make Archibald Bennie, with a Memoir prefixed, was laid them speak for the Papacy and not against it. Im. before the public. On the sermons we do not design posture and deceivableness have thus been employed to offer any remarks. We have to deal exclusively to obliterate the true and substitute the garbled. Now, with the Memoir.
is something of the same kind, and the same school, to Every one knows that it is a favourite position spring up among ourselves? Has that sad seed-time with the infidel to argue, that because the events of violated obligations, which preceded May 1843, recorded in the New Testament are not minutely already begun to bear such ominous fruits? Is it described in the profane bistories of the period, those possible that the men who could pass into Strathevents never happened at all. The argument is a bogie in defiance of interdicts, but who afterwards shallow one, and has a thousand times been refuted; succumbed to the very master whom they then vehyet were the principle on which the objection rests mently disowned, have already learned to slur out applied to the Memoir before us, not a few important of being the record, the veriest hint, of the existence events would be utterly blotted out of history. The of such times! There are reasons, we know, why production embraces the period between 1835 and such things should be done, but our wonder is that 1843, with several years both anterior and subsequent in the lapse of four brief years, men should have beto these dates; and yet, in reading it, we discover not a come such adepts in doing them. trace of the most interesting incidents of that epoch. But what does the author of this Memoir avow as
the motive or principle by which he was guided in threw himself with great ardour into it, and his bioframing his production as he has done? He says- grapher, in terms of becoming eulogy, alludes to the
" Everything of a strictly personal and controversial kind struggle and success.* will be carefully avoided in the subsequent pages; and with- 5. Dr. Bennie entered keenly into the Apocrypha out any other preliminary remark, we shall proceed to give a controversy, as well as that regarding the emaucipashort biographical sketch of one who was not only a loss to his tion of the slaves. Dr. Thomson was even invited to friends, but a public loss."-(Memoir, p. x.)
Stirling to advocate the cause of pure Bible circulaWhat does the author of this sentence mean by tion. The subject of this Memoir again ardently qinitting all that is strictly personal” in the Memoir seconded the attempt; and his biographer, with satisof a person? Is there an idea in the language? or is faction, describes the zealous endeavours that were there nothing personal introduced where we are told made in the cause." Why, then, pule with such weak of that person's labours as convener of the committee sentimentalism about avoiding controversy! for endowing quoad sacra churches, to which he was But we need not instance farther. It is a sbeer appointed in the ominous year 1843? Is there nothing impossibility to write the history of any public man personal in describing, as the biographer does, the in this country, during the past twenty-five years, affair of an appointment by the presbytery to the and avoid the subject, which appears a very Scylla to office of convener of a committee for examining stu- the biographer of Dr. Bennie. Our readers, however, dents! Must a matter so paltry be chronicled, and will clearly understand that the Memoir is prepared others of signal importance utterly delete? Did Dr. by some conscience-smitten author who shrank from Bennie drop his personality when his biographer de.
no controversy but one, namely, that which ended in scribes, as he does, his great power of reply in debate!
the unfettering of the Church, and the enthralling Was his personal identity foregone when he presided of the Establishment, of Scotland. All controversy over a section of the governors of Heriot's Hospital, relating to the rights of the Church of Christ are and managed them with such adroitness! All these eschewed, because it would suggest invidious comare carefully recorded by the biographer. Indeed, parisons with another body. In short, whoever this he must have been silent if he had not recorded such biographer may be, his discretion is more conspicupersonal incidents; and why, then, did he start with ous than his candour; and though he may have sucthe preposterous design of avoiding everything of ceeded in imposing on himself, the transparent finesse a strictly personal nature,” in preparing a Memoir of is worse than ridiculous to every other mind. a person ?
But suppose that this biographer had had nothing But passing from that, he is to omit also all that to conceal, no object to serve, no truth to shade into is “controversial," and this, we suppose, is his excuse obscurity-what then, would have been his open, to his readers for the sweeping omissions that he manly course ! makes. But, after all, does he omit all that is con- First, he would manfully have declared that, on the troversial? On the contrary, the Memoir refers to evening of the 21st of November 1839, Dr. Bennie controversy from page to page; and considering the stood forward as the unflinching advocate of the sole stirring period to which it relates, it could not in the and sovereign “ Headship of our Lord Jesus Christ” nature of things be otherwise.
in his Church. The lecturer then said, with charac1. For example, it appears that the subject of the teristic intrepidityMemoir had been accused of indulging “ tumid rhetoric,” instead of plainly preaching
the gospel to his by admitting others to share it, either in appointing the office
Infringe upon the sovereignty involved in that Headship people, and the biographer very properly controverts bearers, or in interfering with the laws of his kingdom, and you that serious charge with ardour.*
virtually rob the Redeemer of a portion of the glory which be 2. The subject of the Memoir was once accused of so dearly earned, and in reality violate the arrangements of the not preaching the gospel at all. That also occa
counsel of our peace." (P. 3.) sioned a keen, though minor, controversy; and the Again, he proclaimedbiographer describes it as he should do.
“ Sometimes kings, at other times ecclesiastics, have usurped 3. The subject of this Memoir was engaged in a supreme power in the Church, prescribed laws for the regula protracted and eager contest regarding certain tion of its affairs, and appointed institutions to be observed by
its members. The iudependence of the Church has thus been rights belonging to his position while a minister in
violated through the invasion of the prerogative of its Head. Stirling. The debate rose very high, and waxed ex
Whoever the parties may be who thus usurp authority in the tremely personal. The part which Dr. Bennie took Church, under whatever pretexts their practices may be de
"misrepresented and misunderstood;" “ the signed, or by whatever soft names they may be designated, peaceableness of his disposition ” was called in ques. they are undoubtedly chargeable with an impious interference tion. Even Dr. Andrew Thomson, the prince of with the honour and prerogatives of Christ.“ (P. 9.) Controversialists, was called in to his aid, and he Again, he arguedurged the subject of this Memoir to “put forth the
“ The Headship of our Lord is a supreme, unshared powermost strenuous and uncompromising efforts in work.
a gift conferred, freely and munificently conferred, by the Father ing out his own rights;" nay, his glozing, timid, bio- on the Son, the glorious symbol of mediatorial dignity, the grapher, catching the spirit of controversy, in spite token and pledge of mediatorial efficiency. This hallowed of his vow to the contrary, says that Dr. Thomson
title is not to be transferred to any other, even by courtesy. It “ stood by Dr. Bennie in the controversy with the
forms too sacred ground for compliment or compromise. Contalent and affection for which he was distinguished.” the Lord's Anointed, the spiritual King of Zion." (Pp. 3, 10.)
cession with respect to it would be treason-treason against After this, why be so squeamish about controversy? Who does not see through so miserable a pretence!
Again, he defined
“ The Saviour's will as to discipline, order, and government 4. The subject of this Memoir was, while a minister at Stirling, engaged in a strenuous and successful
must be gathered from the Bible, which is the Christian's controversy in defence of the Sabbath rest. He statute-book, as well as his record of doctrine." (P. 10.)
Again, the subject of the Memoir declared* Memoir, p.!Xxxii.
+ Memoir, p. xxxiv. * Mem:ir, pp. XXXV., 1XXVI,
• Memoir, p. XIL
+ Memoir, p. xli.
“The Church possesses a jurisdiction with which no civil power is entitled to interfere, and beyond that jurisdiction the rapidly developed than even we had anticipated.
the moral principles of our day, have been more Church itself must not pass. The civil power must confine itself to the temporal—the Church to the spiritual. They are
The biographer speaks of " sacerdotal piety" as if he coordinate powers; but rightly administered, instead of in. were not a Presbyterian, but a Puseyite—is his treatjuring, they should strengthen and support one another. If ment of Dr. Bennie's character a specimen? We apthe State were to make the Church its own creature, then it prehend that all who are competent to judge will go might dread it, because, being loosened from its sheet anchor, the Headship of Christ, it would be at the mercy of all those his subject. He has treated him as if some parts of
to the conclusion, that he has done small justice to passions and opinions to which, as deprived of its proper standard, it would infallibly be degraded. ** (P.12.)
his conduct were too delicate to be even named, far
less defended. It is not too much to say that And once again, " The office-bearers are to be appointed in the Church, and to, required explanation. He himself never gave it.
the conduct of Dr. Bennie, at the period referred by the Church. The laws which they are to administer are contained in the Bible, and nowhere else." (P. 13.)
And, now that he is gone, we should shrink from “The civil magistrate has received no appointment from
either accusing or judging him. But if any thing Chris: to govern the Church, nor is there a single passage in could make us think unfavourably of the course which Scripture which says that be rules in the name of C..rist.” he pursued, it would be the strange and unexplained (P. 15.)
fact of this omission in his biography. "A voice from our fathers' tombs summons us to firmness. For Christ's kingdoin and crown we are called, in providence, earnestly to contend. . . Worldly policy is against us. Time-serving legislation is against us. "Infidelity is against us.
THE QUOAD SACRA QUESTION-ANSWER In our Master's name, we must boldly meet the dangers arising OF THE ESTABLISHED CHURCH TO THE from these quarters." (P. 18.)
FREE CHURCH MEMORIAL.* Or, passing from the scene of a lecture to the floor of a General Assembly, a faithful biographer would have AFTER a delay of precisely twelve months, the Estab, told that, on the 25th of May 1810, when the great lished Church has come forth with an attempt to Strathbogie case was in one of its stages, the subject answer the Memorial of the Free Church on the of this Memoir thus concluded an address to the As- subject of quoad sacra churches. The Memorial itsembly, vindicating the Church's procedure- self consists only of twenty-four pages—the attempted
“The Church of Scotland is now in its proper position. In Reply of fifty-nine; and if the whole year has been the second Reformation the distinction was that she was the devoted to its preparation, it should be as good a one Church of the people; and I trust that the decision of this night as can be made. We suspect that it was thought will go forth to the country to show that the mind of the Assembly is identified with the spiritual welfare of the people manifest grumble in one part of the document, at the
very important to give no reply at all. From a Our object in sitting to deliberate here is to maintain the principles of the Church independent of the State, although con
new shape which the controversy has assumed, we Lected with it. (Great laughter on the Moderate side.) The
are convinced that the plunderers of the property of ford independent has evidently been misunderstood by those our Free Church people were most unwilling to liave on the other side. I hold the principle maintained by our their conduct dragged before the bar of public opi. first Reformers, that while the Church was acknowledged by nion-were most anxious to have the matter settled the State, the Church was still independent, a.s. a, spiritual entirely in the civil courts, according to the "strinbody, ander the Headship of the Lord Jesus Christ.” Or, to be more explicit still, an impartial compiler sively to rest their case—and that they have only
gent provisions of law," on which they seem exclu, of Memoirs, who could at least be truthful, though he been forced to come before the public by the honourmight shrink from controversy, might have followed able scruples of some of their own members, in rethe subject of his narrative to Ireland, and there, at a banquet given on the 28th of June 1841, he could gard to the " legal thieving” by which the whole
transaction is so manifestly characterized. bave let us hear his hero saying,
It might have been well that some one else had "The struggle (then pending between the Church and the been put forth in connection with the case, than a civil courts in Scotland) was indeed one between Christ and Cæsar. Should the Church prevail, then, delivered from the
person so notorious as Dr. Simpson is for being anhallowed interference of the secular power, she would be an “everything by turns, and nothing long." His name instrument in the hand of her Divine Master, well fitted to will certainly not add any strength to the reply; but pronote his cause on earth; but if Cæsar prevailed, the Church in one thing we so far rejoice, that there is a reply woald then be a manacled and worthless thing, shorn of her at all, and that the whole intentions of the Esa beauty and her strength, quite unfit to prosecute the great and tablishment, in regard to those churches, are clearly glorious end for which she was designed, and unworthy alike brought out. They are determined to have them of sympathy and support." All this an honest upright biographer would have all
, and are only waiting till it is convenient for them
to take them. said. He would not have exposed himself to the risk example, in regard to St. Luke's Church, Edinburgh,
Take the following remarks, for of being subpoenaed for partial evidence, or prosecuted
one of our strongest cases. It is thus stated in the for giving a false character. True, he must have gone Free Church Memorial :op to state, that at a subsequent period Dr. Bennie changed his views, or even reversed them; but that of this, including a donation of £2,000 from a benevolent indi
“St. Luke's Church, Edinburgh, cost £5,100. The whole was done in foro conscientiæ, and we seek not now to follow him there-we all stand or fall alike to the Church, except about £10, and £655 paid for the Unitarian
vidual, was subscribed by persons now belonging to the Free Searcber of hearts, the sovereign Lord of conscience. Chapel, on whose site St. Luke's stands, by the Kirk-session
But if this Memoir be a specimen of the moral of St. George's, of whose members, however, a largo proporprinciples now current, the views of honesty and duty tion now belong to the Free Church. The church is full of to public men, in connection with public events
Remarks on the Memorial presented to her Majesty'. Govern, which now prevail, we are forced to confess that the ment by a Committee of the Free Church, relative to the Quoad downward effects of the Disruption, and of the sudden
Scotland. Lasued under the sanction of the Home Mission Com. abandonment of principle which then took place, on mittee of the Church of Scotland. A. L. Simpson, D.D., Convener.
Sacra Churches or Chapels in connection with the Church of
people, all of whom, without exception, belong to the Free deeds of any body must be held to bind that body, Church."
notwithstanding the dissent of small minorities. The On this Dr. Simpson begins to remark, as fol- act of the Assembly 1834 was the deed of the Church, lows:
and was most express, and carried along with it the “ This church is still in the hands of the Free Church, consent of the great mass of the kingdomn, although which accounts for the fact, that all the sitters belong to theni such thorough-going Moderates as Dr. Cook, Dr. Lhow?]. The church itself, beyond all doubt, belongs to the Mearns, and others, dissented from it. It was as Establishment, as could be easily shown, were this a proper
follows: place for the explanation of feudal titles; and it has been allowed to remain, for the present, with the seceding minister
“ DECLARATORY ENACTMENT AS TO CHAPELS-OF-EASE, and his congregation, because all the vacancies occasioned by
Edinburgh, 31st May, 1834. Sess, 10. so great a secession cannot be filled up at once, and because the “ The General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, without proper owners did not wish to disturb the occupants, so long
a vote, approve of the report of their committee, and did, and as they did not absolutely require the chapel themselves.”
hereby do, enact and declare, that all ministers already in
ducted and settled, or who shall hereafter be inducted or Nothing can exceed the cool effrontery of this; but settled, as ministers of chapels-of-ease, presently erected and the same idea pervades the tract, and, therefore, established, or which shall be hereafter erected and estab we trust our friends will all be roused from their lished, in terms of the act anent chapels-of-ease, of 1798 or dream, and see the propriety of at once making com- prior thereto, by authority of the General Assembly, or by mon cause to seek redress, by a determined and
the presbyteries of the bounds, are and shall be constituent united effort; and, failing that, to abandon the spoil
members of the presbyteries and synods within whose bounds to the plunderers at once, and for ever : committing gible to sit in the General Assembly; and "shall enjoy every
the said chapels are, or shall be, respectively situate, and elitheir cause to “ Him who judgeth righteously," and privilege as fully and freely, and with equal powers with rejoicing that it is only their goods that they can seize. parish ministers of this Church; hereby enjoining and re
In regard to the merits, it is quite plain that two quiring all presbyteries, synods, Church courts, and judicaquestions are continually confounded in the “Re- tories, within whose bounds the said chapels are or shall be marks” of Dr. Simpson, viz., the question of law, and thereof, and put them in all respects on a footing of Presby
situate, to receive and enrol the said ministers as members that of equity. The latter question alone was dealt
terian equality with the parish ministers of this Church; with in the Memorial of the Free Church; and is that, giving, granting, and committing to the said ministers the like we apprehend, with which Christian men have chiefly powers, and authority, and privileges now pertaining to ministo do. It seems, however, to hold a very subordinate ters of this Church, within their respective bounds : And place in the estimation of the authors of the “Re- further, the General Assembly did, and hereby do, remit to marks.”
the presbyteries within whose bounds the said chapels now At every turn of difficulty, they take re
established are situate, to allot and assign to each of the said fuge in the idea, that all the quoad sacra churches are chapels a territorial district, and to erect such districts into “ inalienably connected” with the Establishment, separate parishes quoad sacra, and to disjoin the same quoad “ by the most stringent provisions of law.” Now, it sacra from the parishes whereof they at present form parts; may be so; and still, if the bona fide conditions of and also to take the necessary measures for selecting and ortheir erection have been violated by the Established daining, according to the rules of the Church, for each of the Church, the taking of them is an act of manifest
said districts so to be erected, a body of elders, who, with the
said ministers respectively, may exercise sessional jurisdicrobbery notwithstanding. There is certainly an tion within the same: And the Assembly instruct presbyattempt made to grapple with this question, but it is teries to be cautious not to assign a more populous district a very lame one
than it seems possible to attend to : Provided always, that it
shall be understood, that the chapels to be erected into parishes “But not only is the averment that the money to build the shall first have been constituted according to the laws of this Church Extension churches was given on a pledge, condition, Church; for which purpose it will be open to chapels to apply, or compact, in the proper sense of these terms, in regard to if not so constituted already." the ecclesiastical status which they and their ministers were to hold, an unsupported and gratuitous assertion; but there is
It was unquestionably this act which formed the abundant evidence to show both that the contributors did not
basis of the whole Church Extension movement, and at the time attach to this point the importance alleged by the it is impossible to imagine a more distinct pledge memorialists, and also that, whatever importance they might | than it involved, that the old chapel system 80 attach to it, they could not possibly lie under any misunder- | odious to the people, and so inconsistent with Presher own authority to confer such a status, and must have byterianism, was to be for ever done away. But, given their money with their eyes fully open to this contin
besides this, in the subscription list for the Glasgow gency. It will not do to say that the fact of the existence of churches, this was made an express condition, withthe Act of Assembly passed in 1834, conferring the status, out which the subscription was not to be payable, “That was itself a pledge or compact guaranteeing its certainty and the consent of the Presbytery of Glasgow shall be permanence, for it is notorious that the most ample warning obtained for the sub-division and erection of nero parishes Church, of her own authority, to pass this act at all. In the for such churches as may thus be provided,” &c. In public discussions of the subject in the Church courts, this point of fact, all these churches had parishes assigned was all along expressly denied by persons of the highest eccle- to them; and one of their ministers, Dr. M'Leod, sat siastical standing and authority, and numerous dissents and as moderator of the General Assembly. If all this protests were entered on the records of the General Assembly did not amount to a pledge to the public, what could and other Church courts against the competency of such an have amounted to one? Are not the deeds of a enactment. The very first reason of dissent given in by Dr. Mearns, Dr. Cook, and others, from the enactment of the majority of a town-council those of the council ? Assembly in relation to chapels-of-ease and the ministers of and the same thing may be said of all bodies these chapels, was the following :- Because we are fully and courts, and even of Parliament itself. No convinced that it is altogether beyond the power of the Gene- doubt it may be said, This is all true, but the Church ral Assembly, involving, as it does, the assumption that the had no power to implement this obligation. The anAssembly can confer civil privileges, which can be conferred only by the Legislature.' And
swer to this is twofold. The idea of want of power
the community at large the same opinion was currently expressed."
was started by the Moderates themselves, for their
own factious purposes. Aud, besides, is this disThe answer to this is very simple. The public covery any reason for now robbing the people? Is the Church to take advantage of the mistake into ever, cost about £4,500. The balance was advanced by the which the people were led by her own public deeds, managers, on condition of having the seat-rents for thirty to swindle them out of their property? Is she to be
years. At the Disruption, the congregation was driven from
the church by the efforts of persons who had paid no more satisfied merely with the idea that she has it now
than £30 towards the building; and yet the managers, a ma in her power(it the case should turn out to be so) jority of whom now belong to the Free Church, including the to perpetrate a manifest wrong? The only answer Rev. Mr. Beith, Free Church minister, were forced to pay which has been attempted to this appeal which up the money thus due out of their own private funds, witheven their seared and insensible consciences appear out having any effectual means of recovering payment. This to feel in some measure, is, “But we will try to make
church was taken possession of, and the congregation excluded, parishes yet.” It is clear, however, that they have no
although the two original parish churches, in excellent condi
tion, remained, of course, with the Establishment-churches power to make them all parishes in any shape, and that affording accommodation for from 2,000 to 3,000 persons, this is an abandonment of the whole previous ground. whilst the church-going adherents of that body in Stirling Either the bargain, as it stood, was a good bargain, or
do not now exceed six hundred. The bulk of those who now if it has been fallen from, the whole negotiation is at
occupy the church thus taken possession of, being drawn from an end. The affair should be wound up, and the pro.
the other two, were opposed originally to its erection, never ceeds fairly divided. To give the people parishes rents, except under the compulsion of law."
contributed one farthing to it, and refuse now to pay seatnou in connection with a degraded Church, which the mass of them have been forced to leave in con- Now, at p. 57, in speaking of the North Church, sequence of the proceedings of those who are now Stirling, it is said: “ At the last communion in the attempting to take their property, is only a mockery, North Church, in the beginning of the present month, and no compensation at all for the previous wrong. there were about 360 communicants. In estimating
It is impossible to imagine a more impotent case the number of a congregation, the communicants are than that which is attempted in this Residuary mani- generally held to amount to one-third of the whole; and festo on the question of equity. We do not enter at according to this rule, the congregation in the North present into the mass of details contained in the Church will exceed 1,000. The East and West Churches pamphlet, and which have been collected during the are both occupied by congregations.” This is perhaps past twelvemonth. We know enough on the subject as striking a specimen of bold affirmation as could to be aware that many of them are very inaccurate. easily be produced. The North Church, Stirling, it No doubt this will be exposed in due time. The appears from another part of the same passage, contains Free Church has no wish to higgle about sums. She “ about 1,000 sitters.” But the Moderate congregais, we have no doubt, quite prepared to give every tion“will exceed 1000.” By the calculation it amounts doubtful sum over to the Establishment. But, to 1,080. The church must, of course, be crammed. meantime, there are a number of mistakes which But what is the use of such calculations, if people wish appear on the first blush of the document. For ex- to tell the truth? And, besides, the calculation is ample, in the Memorial of the Free Church, the founded on most preposterous data, as applicable to following principle was stated in regard to the grants Moderates. Even where there is discipline, the comfrom the Assembly's general fund
municants amount to about one-half of the hearers. "It is to be observed, that in the following calculations, no
Where there is none, the Moderates will often be mention is made of the sams received from the general fund found with twice or thrice as many communicants as of the Assembly's Committee, because it is quite certain that regular hearers-persons who never darken the door more than one-half of that fund was contributed by persons of the church except on the sacrament Sabbath. Bow belonging to the Free Church. That fund may, therefore, The whole passage in regard to this Stirling case is fairly be held to be neutral in a question of equity." most discreditable, and is a fair sample of the
Nothing could be more fair and liberal than this, pamphlet. especially if, as Dr. Chalmers affirms, seven- One other case. Dr. Simpson crows over the pereighths” of the whole sum was contributed by mem- sons who were foolish enough to lend money on bers of the Free Church. No attempt is made to Newington Church, and who can neither get princombat the fairness of this principle, but the whole cipal nor interest now, on the ground that they were sum is coolly set down as if it had been a gift to the only to be paid “ AFTER PAYMENT of the salary to be various Churches by the adherents of the present Estab paid to the minister,” &c. Now this is the very lishment !
hardship of which complaint is made. The docu. Again, speaking of empty churches, at p. 30, it is ment is cunningly worded. It was during the height said: “ The chapels of Greenhead and St. Thomas's of Dr. Gordon's popularity that this condition was (Glasgow) have not been in the hands of the Church made; and no one ever dreamt that it would not be of Scotland since the secession.” Again, at p. 50, it fulfilled. Now there is no minister at all; and as there is stated that the whole of the churches of the Church seems to be no intention of ever paying one farthing Building Society of Glasgow," have been actually of the money, the affair is anything but creditable. seized upon by the adherents of the Free Church, But, instead of being ashamed of this, it is triumphed with the “ exception of St. Matthew's and GREEN- over as a victory. It is the victory of legal quibbles TRAD." There must be a manifest mistake here. over manifest justice, and reminds one more of the * Greenhead” Church cannot be in both predica
Old Bailey than of a Christian Church. ments. In fact, is it not the place where the cleri- It is well, however, that the whole matter is now cal deserter” was lately holding forth in behalf of before the public, and that our “enemy hath written the Establishment ?
a book.” It will no doubt be duly canvassed, and Take another sample. The following statement
will do much to illustrate the true spirit of the was made in the Free Church Memorial, in regard Establishment. We must never forget that Dr. Chalto the North Church, Stirling :
mers, with whom the whole Church Extension move" In 1841, an additional church and school were built in
ment originated, and by whose gigantic energy it was Stirling by voluntary contributions. For this purpose about carried forward, has recorded his decided opinion on €1,816, 136. was raised by subscription. The building, how- the whole question. In his evidence before the Site