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might well bring the blush of shame to the cheek of the sands of the shore, in the space left free by the retiring every minister of the Establishment :

tide, and which belongs to no one but the ocean--for once

more kind and generous than man. I do not think that in any of the Protestant Churches of the

In another place, in a Continent a single minister could be found (unless, perhaps,

deep gully, where the cliffs are some hundred feet high, a hol

low has been closed in from the sea by a barrier of rocks, among the most decided Rationalists and Unitarians), who

down a precipice, where Claverhouse himself would not have would consent to ordain a minister for the sake of obedience to a magistrate's command. I have seen some ministers well

sought his victims; and there a minister with his congregation known for an attachment, perhaps even exaggerated, to the

has raised his voice to Heaven during two years. The waves principles of nationality, disclaim the idea with abhorrence.

of the Atlantic, roaring around them, have afforded them a What" renders this act still more striking is the circum

shelter which their haughty landlords, reclining softly in their stance, that the only country of Christendom in which these sake, may the Lord shorten these days!

London palaces, have dared to deny them. For the elect's unreasonable encroachments of the rulers have taken place, is the very one in which the principles of the liberty of the

We shall return to this volume; and shall at preChurch have been most fully developed.

sent merely state, that the perusal of it has filled us Then come the Marnoch and Strathbogie cases,

with conflicting feelings. We cannot but rejoice at by their conduct in which "the civil courts annihi- the singularly clear and emphatic testimony which lated the distinction which for three centuries had the historian of the Reformation has deemed it his been established between spiritual and secular mat- duty to bear to the principles and position of the ters. . . . . Nothing similar to this had been seen

Free Church of Scotland. Some one-we think it in Scotland, except during the disastrous times of was Dr. Lindsay Alexander--lately brought home Charles II.” The subsequent stages of the contro

from Geneva a report to the effect that D’Aubigné versy, marked by the extraordinary meeting of and his brethren felt much annoyed, because, when Commission in 1841, the West Church meeting, the in Scotland, the Free Church had almost entirely Convocation, and the discussions in Parliament, are monopolized their persons and services. There must all adverted to. And then comes “ the beginning of have been some mistake in this. D’Aubigné here the end.”

speaks for himself; and, so far from exhibiting any All human tribunals had now closed their ears against the

trace of annoyance, he gives the Free Church the complaint of the Church. Every thing seemed to say to her,

very monopoly which she had thus been accused of like the prophet, “ Set thy house in order, for thou shalt die." exacting. The two years' interval which have (Isa. xxxviii.) But there remained a refuge for the people elapsed since then, have, apparently, served only to of God within her. There remained for them an appeal to deepen his convictions and heighten his enthusiasm. the heavenly tribunal--to the judgment-seat of Him who “killeth and maketh alive; who bringeth down to the grave

The impartiality of his testimony few will be disand bringeth up." (1 Sam. ii. 5.)

posed to dispute, and none can be insensible to its

importance. He is one of the few men out of ScotThe Disruption, with all its exciting accompani- land who have a title to speak authoritatively on ments and consequences, is described. The depar- such a question. And the fact that, after personal ture from St. Andrew's:

observation and study, he has spoken in tones so earMinister after minister-elder after elder-all that was most nest and emphatic, may well serve to encourage and eminent in the Church of Scotland for piety, for zeal, and for confirm us. talent-pow calmly rose and followed the Moderator, till all

The feeling of satisfaction, however, with which the benches occupied by the Evangelical members were entirely empty.. The Exodus of the Established Church was

we regard the volume is not unmingled. Having accomplishing--the march of her leaders towards the door of perused and closed it, we are filled with a feeling the temple was advancing; an angel of God, though invisible, of deep anxiety. The Lord has given our Church was moving before them. They had been required to rivet tle a great work to do. He has brought her out from chains forged by illegal resolutions. They burst those dis- bondage in the sight of all the nations. The watchgraceful fetters—they threw them at the foot of the throne; and

men on Zion's towers have hailed the deliverence. poor but free, they left those walls wherein their fathers bad so hardily fought in the cause of liberty, and which powerful They are eagerly marking our progress, and making men were attempting to change into a house of bondage.

it known. The enemy is looking on also, waiting for We cannot follow him in his description of the

our halting, and prophesying confusion. We cannot first Assembly of the Free Church, and the subse impressive words of our author

but sometimes tremble for the ark of God. In the quent labours of her ministers. Our 'readers must peruse the book for themselves. Every page has its A victory has been achieved, but there are still many features of attraction. He closes by a statement of triumphs to be won. Victory has to struggle against victory the progress of the Free Church up to the present those of lassitude and slumber, those of pride and disdain;

itself. There are all kinds of dangers for success: there are time. We make but one quotation from this part of there are those of idolatry, which makes an idol of all belongthe volume; it refers to the refusal of sites :

ing to the conqueror; and there are those of narrowness, which Alas! in many places the ill-will of the landlords has taken forsakes the mighty river of Christian life to confine itself in the place of the ill-will of the Government. While the flag of

conduits. modern freedom has been hoisted on the palace of Victoria, the old and faded colours of feudal despotism still hang, though tattered and drooping, over the ancient turrets of some lordly

Notes on New Books. Thansions. At Canobie, the Free Christians, driven by the landlord from a waste land, where they had at first assembled, removed to the high road, and turned it into a church, &c. .

The National Cyclopædia of Useful Knowledge. Parts And not only at the first moment, but up to this very hour,

IX., X., XI. erea during the last severe and tempestuous winter, women, We have not received the preceding Parts of this Cyclopædia, Children, and aged men of the above-mentioned churches, and but having examined with some care these three,have pleasure in many others besides, have had no other shelter than the arch recommending it. We met some time ago with an American of heaven. “Pray that your flight may not be in winter," Cyclopædia, constructed on a similar design, but in which said Jesus: yet, one season after another, the same distresses almost all the biographical or historical papers connected have afflicted our brethren, and that not under the mild sky with religious subjects were insidiously imbued with Soci. of Palestine, but in the icy atmosphere of Caledonia: and the nianism. The “National Cyclopædia " does not exclude days are not yet shortened. In many places they preached on sketches of religious history and biography; but these, so far as we can observe, are written with fairness and impartiality, | castigation to M. Arago, for his bearing to Mr. Adams, and while its general contents are of extreme interest and value. most satisfactorily vindicates the claims of the latter to rank It is, we believe, partly an abridgment of the “Penny Cyclo- as a discoverer alongside of Leverrier. pædia," which has long been most favourably known to the reading public-containing, however, besides, a large amount

Bright Clouds and. Dark Shadows; or, Sketches of Lowly

Life. of new matter. It presents, in a concise but most readable

Edinburgh. form, information on almost every point on which man knows

A delightful little book, from the pen of one who evidently anything, and will prove a signal benefit and gratification to

takes delight in seeking out and soothing the sorrowful and the many who can afford neither money for the purchase, nor

perplexed. It consists of twenty sketches of individual time for the perusal of more minute and expensive works. We cordially commend it to the attention and patronage of incidents, and in skilful adaptations of remark and advice to

history and experience; and abounds in pleasing and touching our readers.

varying circumstances. Those who are in the habit of visiting The Old Orthodox Faith Superior to Modern Opinions; the sick, or have occasion to speak a word to the downcast,

or, Truth and Error surveyed in the light of History and will find in them many passages and hints which they Fact. A Short Treatise for the Times. By the Rev. J. might turn to good account; and all may receive from it G, LORIMER.

Glasgow. lessons attractively conveyed, and which it will be to their adThe leading thoughts of this little work were presented in vantage to learn. a sermon which the author preached at the opening of the last meeting of the Synod of Glasgow and Ayr. The Synod after

Lessons for the Living, from the Experience of the Dying. wards strongly recommended and requested their publication;

Edinburgh. and Mr. Lorimer in complying, as was his duty, with the A series of impressive pictures of the dying experience, first request, has taken the opportunity of greatly expanding both of the godly, and then of the worldly and profane, from the his arguments and illustrations. The result of the whole is a pen of one who was himself brought near the gates of death. truly valuable and well-timed work, forming a short but It is a book well fitted to awaken and solemnize. effective defence of scriptural Calvinism, and an exposure of the character and tendencies of the Arminian and Pelagian

Henry of Eichenfels: or, How a Little Child learned to heresies, with an irruption of which we have lately been threat

know that there is a God. Translated from the German, ened. Ít forins an admirable companion to * Truth and

Edinburgh. Error Compared," by our esteemed friend, Mr. Bonar of

A simple story from the German of the Pastor Schmidtz; the Kelso. The two books should be read together.

object of which seems to be. to draw the attention of children Wilson's Clerical Almanac for 1848.

to the many proofs which crowd around them, of the existThe Bible Almanac and Protestant Reformer's Calendar ence and goodness of God. A hermit is the teacher, and a for 1848.

little boy who had been stolen from his parents by brigands is Any recommendation of the first of these is unnecessary. It the pupil. We are usually no great admirers of hermits, either is well known to the religious public of Scotland, as par ex- in grottoes or on paper; but the Eichenfels hermit is a kindly cellence the Ecclesiastical Almanac, and should be on the tables old man, who abandons company with his fellows from anyof all the office-bearers in the various religious denominations thing but misanthropy; and the lessons which he teaches are of Scotland. The second is also excellent in its way, and simple and salutary. possesses many features of interest. We would recommend its publishers, however, to dispense in future years with the triangular representation of the Trinity, with which it opens.

Notes of the Month. As an illustration of the doctrine, the triangle is not worth much, but as a pictorial attempt to represent the Godhead, it is, to say the least, offensive.

ENGLAND. The Text-book; or, Sanctuary Remembrancer for the year The Baptists in England. —A somewhat extraordinary 1848.

London, communication regarding the condition of the Baptist Churches This little book is designed for the use of those who are accustomed to take short notes of sermons in church. It con

in England, has appeared lately in the New York Recorder, tains a page for the notes of each Sabbath throughout the year,

the organ of the Baptists of the Northern States of America. and is neat and portable.

It is from the pen of the Rev. Mr. Wheelock, a highly reLectures on the Acts of the Apostles. By the late John spectable minister of that denomination, and purports to give Dick, D.D.

Glasgow.

the result of his observations, during a recent visit to England, We are glad to see this new edition of a book with which with regard to the effects of “ open communion" among the we bave been long and favourably acquainted. Dr. Dick was Baptist Churches there. Our readers are aware, that there has an able theologian, and a man of eminently sober and solid

long been a controversy among different sections of Baptists judgment. His Lectures on the Acts are perhaps not so widely

on this subject—some, headed by Robert Hall, maintaining known as his “ Lectures on Theology," but are characterized by the same valuable qualities. Ministers who are lecturing

that they may lawfully admit to the Lord's table all whom through the

book, or on portions of it, will find it repay con- they believe to be Christians, even although they have not sultation. The practical lessons, especially, which he deduces been baptized as adults and by immersion; others maintaining from the various incidents and discourses, strike us as apt and that such a course is unlawful, on the ground that such persons forcible, and free from commonplace.

are really unbaptized, and that, as a general rule, the adminisThe Stellar Universe: Views of its Arrangements, Motions, tration of baptism must precede admission to the Lord's table. and Evolutions.

In England, it would appear that the former views have beNeptune; being a Critical Account of the Discovery of the

come very prevalent; and the results, as stated by Mr. New Planet.

Wheelock, an opponent of open communion, are startling. Thoughts on some Important Points relating to the System He says, that the discussions in the Churches on the subject of the World. By J. P. NICHOL, LL.D.

have produced "wranglings, and heart-burnings, and schisms.” The last of these three forms a new edition of one of Dr. Nichol's most eloquent and important treatises. The others “ In some, after the leaven of open communion has so far are new Works.

The Stellar Universe" is intended as an progressed as to gain the ascendency, Churches have excluded ntroduction to astronomy, for the special use of the young;

members who united with them before they became open comand that purpose it is admirably fitted to serve. Nowhere munionists, because, retaining their strict principles, they rehave we seen the science presented with such a combination fused to commune with the Pædobaptists that had been taken of minuteness and simplicity, or in a style so well fitted to into the Church; and this has been done under a plea that arrest and impress the mind of the youthful student. “The these brethren, being in the minority, refused to walk with Planet Neptune," consists of an exposition and a history; and the Church. Churches, when united but just able to sustain presents a complete and scientific view of the great astronomi. the cause, by the introduction of open communion, have been cal discovery of the age. He administers a severe but deserved divided, and neither branch able alone to sustain a pastor.

In some such cases the result has been the destruction of the families into his church, but his conscience would not allow it. Baptist Church, and the establishment of a Pædobaptist He could not sacrifice truth to expediency. But, said the Church in its place. In other instances, where the two bands good old man, with tears in his eyes, " I expect as soon as I have maintained their separate existence, it has been amidst am in my grave, my church will go with the rushing tide into great bitterness and rancour, planting deep in whole com- open communion, when the work of rending and schisms will munities seeds of discord and ill-will, and evil workings, by be consummated here as in other Churches." law suits and protracted litigations about the Church property. The property of some churches has been obtained through

All this does not bode well for the efficiency and permathe influence of “mixed fellowship," upon the express stipu- nence of the Baptist denomination in England. Of course, lation that the pastors shall be alternately a Baptist and we have no sympathy with the high view, an adherence to Podobaptist. Each pastor, of course, would endeavour to which Mr. Wheelock thinks would have saved the Baptist have his church, in missionary and other benevolent labours,

Churches from such disasters. co-operate with his own denomination. You can readily weight to the allegation that their consistency demands the

Nor would we attach much perceive the ill-feeling naturally begotten by such changes.

carrying out of that view. It is a consistency which, as it apNor does he confine himself to mere general statements.

pears to us, is more honoured in the breach than in the observHe gives individual instances; thus,

ance; not only because it is founded on an error, but also lje* While in London, I casually learned that the ordinance of

cause it would seem to demand with equal force the adopbaptism was to be administered in one of the largest and most popular Baptist churches of that city. At the hour appointed,

tion of other and even more startling conclusions. For if we about twilight on Thursday evening, I went to the chapel to

are not baptized, and on that account disqualified for the meliwitness the baptism. The church had in connection with it eight bership of the Church, what becomes of our Church charachundred members. On entering, I perceived the lamps were lit, ter? What title have those who have never received the one but few in attendance, and the pastor addressing the people. sacrament, aud have no right to partake of the other, to the Eleven were baptized, and, after changing their raiment, they returned into the chapel, aud received the right hand of fellow

name or standing of a Church of Christ? If consistency ship. I asked the administrator why the baptism was upon a

requires of our Baptist friends to deny that Pædobaptists are week-day evening, and at an hour when so few could attend. baptized, it would seem to require of them further, to aff.rm He answered, that about one-half of the church were Pædo- that there is really no true Church or ministry but their own. baptists, and for the peace of the Church they were careful to Our intention, however, wes, to advert not so much to the select an evening and an hour when there was no other en- merits of these differences, as to the illustration which they gagement, not even for a committee meeting, or meeting of afford of the working of Congregationalism. We commend Sabbath school teachers, or Bible class, or anything else, lest the peace of the Church might be disturbed by the Pædobaptist | them as such to the study of our readers. Had there been members thinking they had been entrapped to secure their such a supervision as Presbytery secures, and at a time when, presence at the baptism.. For the same reason, he told me, comparatively speaking, religion was flourishing, is it conceirthe right hand of fellowship was given at the baptism instead able that matters would have been allowed to come to such a of the communion on the following Sabbath, that nothing be

pass? And so long as every pastor and congregation are thus said there that might endanger the harmony of the Church. I retired from the scene to my room, so full of sadness at the de' allowed, and thereby in effect encouraged, to “ do what

is right lusion into which open communion principles had plunged be

in their own eyes," what prospect is there of anything like loved brethren, by which

they were led thus to degrade that peace or harmony? The present position of Congregationprecious ordinance, that I fell on my knees and prayed ear- alism in England (Baptist and Pædobaptist) is altogether best!y that such things might never be witnessed in the Bap- | somewhat critical. We mean with regard to order and tist Churches of my beloved America."

sound doctrine. We bring no charge of general heresy, and Further

have no ground for suspecting it. But the statements made "One of the largest Baptist churches in Liverpool has a Pa- as to the number of Congregationalist ministers and others dobaptist for one of its deacons: and I was told the pastor of who are making free with some points of theology, espethat church has all his children sprinkled. He is one of the cially the doctrine of future rewards and punishments, are and was commissioned lately by the Baptist Mission Society somewhat alarıning. The most sagacious men among them to proceed to the West Indies, to set in order the coloured are too wise not to see and fear the danger. We hope they Baptist Churches in Jamaica. Many leading brethren in Eng- will not be slow to provide against it as they best can. The land openly avow their sympathy with Robert Hall's willing volume by Dr. Hamilton of Leeds on the subject indicated, is ness for the extermination of Baptist Churches for the sake of a very valuable contribution to the cause of scriptural truth, Christian union! In some mixed Churches, the Baptist members have been disciplined, and some excluded, becavse they

and must form of itself a powerful preservative. But if steps propagated among the people Baptist sentiments

. In Bedford, are not taken to check the beginnings of heresy, by individual one of John Bunyan's successors was permitted to retain his dealing, and if need be, by censure and expulsion, they will pastoral relations in that church, only on condition that “ he find the task a more difficult one, a few years hence, than should not introduce controversy (on baptism), into the they now perhaps imagine. pulpit nor into conversation, unless it was first mentioned by others.”

Conference on the Education Question. - The English “ The Baptist Church in London, in which our beloved Congregationalists have held a conference at Derby on this brother Dowling of this city was reared, is a strict Baptist question. Having resolved, at previous meetings, on the reChurch, but has always been connected with an association whose Churches are now mostly open communion. The excel-jection of all Government aid, the chief point which came lent pastor of that church told the trials to which his peculiar before them was whether they would set up an educational relations subjected him, till my very heart ached in me, and then machinery exclusively their own, or join with other Dissenbe asked me, Now, my brother, tell me, what shall I do?' I ters in establishing one general scheme. After discussion, confess I hardly knew what to say, and when I answered that I they resolved unavimously on the first of these courses the would break away from the association, and unite with a strict disadvantages of the second, in their opinion, being, communion one, he replied, “ Yes, and then everywhere I am met with a frown, which says, ' You bigoted, close Baptist!' “ 1. An imperfect union, many not joining because of their and on the other hand, those with whom I connect myself own denominational action; such as the Wesleyans and the will hold me off at arm's length, because I preach such doc- Free Church. trines as did Andrew Fuller. Isolated and despised, what can “ 2. The compromise necessary for union, both as to what I then do ?' The most venerable, and able, and learned Bap- may be taught and done; such as teaching or not teaching tist I saw in England, told me that he had received many certain doctrines, and the offering of prayers in day-schools, overtures to change to open communion, and had he but con- normal schools, and in public meetings; besides the constraini tented, he might have gathered many wealthy Pædo baptist of neutrality in local and general management."

It was determined also, that the 'education given to the question was first raised, and was thoroughly instructed in its schools“ must always be conducted on evangelical views of meaning and tendency by a clergyman who has now seceded; religion." A subscription was immediately set on foot, and

but as I did not adopt

my views hastily, neither shall I be in

duced to alter them. One word more, and I have done. You the assembled ministers and others pledged themselves to in

reside in this Glen by sufferance on my part. If there was a stant and earnest exertion.

clergyman of the Established Church here to take care of my Sale of Presbyterian Churches in England.The English people, I should not permit you to stay here to thwart his adherents of the Scotch Establishment are at present playing

labours. There is none at present, and I prefer your teaching a disgraceful game. Every one has heard of the iniquities

to the knowledge that there is no pastor in the Glen. You

may forward this letter to the Committee of the Free Church perpetrated in Scotland in connection with the quoad sacra if you will, and express at the same time my determination to chapels, wrested from their rightful owners, and either locked grant no site to the authors, aiders, and abettors of this moveup, as in some instances they have been, or kept open nearly ment on my property; and I am, Reverend Sir, your very empty, and on funds subscribed for the carrying on of Home

obedient servant,

(Signed)

WARD. Missions. In England, a course, if possible even more out

Glengarry, Oct. 9, 1847.” rageous is being pursued. After the Disruption, the great This is deplorable. He adquits that he would rather have a body of the Presbyterian congregations in England formed Free Church minister on his property, than have his tenantry themselves into "The English Presbyterian Church,” sympa

want a minister altogether. And yet although there is no thizing with the Free Church, but having no necessary or other minister, he refuses them the slightest facilities for worconstitutional connection with it. Some three or four refused ship. Just as if he had said to Mr. Shaw,—“I prefer your to join in the movement, choosing rather to remain as mere staying to instruct my people in the faith and duties of pendicles of the Scottish Establishment. And these, headed religion; but if you will persist in staying, and if they will by Dr. John Cumming, who works to the hand of Dr. persist in attending your ministry, it must be at the peril of William Muir, are now, it would seem, stirring up and your lives. It will not be my fault if you are not drenched directing movements in different parts of England, the with rain, and loaded with snow, as often as there is a stormy object of which is to turn as many as possible of the congre

Sabbath.” But he goes further: “ If there was a clergyman gations connected with the English Presbyterian Church

of the Established Church here to take care of my people, I into the streets, and deprive them of their churches and should not permit you to stay here to thwart his labours." schools. The title-deeds of some of the churches speak of Of course, if the kingdom were under the control of such prothem as connected with the Established Church of Scotland, prietors as Lord Ward, every minister who refused to bow the and this is seized on as a pretext for bringing in the strong knee to the Scottish Establishment would be ordered out of hand of law and turning out the congregations. They might the country.

It is well to have a site-refuser stating the bave something like an excuse for such conduct, if they could

substance of the matter so plainly. However some may seek keep the churches open and fill them with ministers and ad- to mystify and perplex the question, there can be no doubt herents of the Scottish Establishment. But they have no such that such would be the consistent and inevitable carrying out excuse. Their only object appears to be, to do what they can to of the site-refusing policy—the landlord claiming the condiscourage and crush all who, in any way, or to any extent, sym

sciences and souls of his tenants as part of his property, to be pathize with the Free Church. In proof of which, it may be ordered and disposed of by him as he (be he Christian, Mohamstated, that they have actually sold one of these churches, out medan, or Infidel,) may see meet. For the sake of the of which a faithful pastor and his flock were driven, to the landlords themselves, we lament such wretched displays Wesleyans, and another has been purchased by a railway of ignorant intolerance. They are the enemies both of their company for the Episcopalians! Others will probably soon own order and of the Church which they seem so anxious to be brought to the hammer; and there is, of course, nothing to uphold. Indeed, the greatest kindness which the Legislature prevent their being purchased by Socinians or Socialists. And could do either them or their Establishment would be, by statute yet those guilty of such outrages talk of their zeal for the cause law, to put it out of their power to perpetrate such folly. of Christ and of their Christian charity, and whine about And what may be recommended as a kindness to them, ought the hard words of Free Churchmen!

to be demanded with a voice of thunder, as simple justice for

the honest God-fearing people whom they so unworthily com. SCOTLAND.

bine to oppress. Lord John Russell has pledged his GovernA Site-Refuser on the Rights of Property.--Very few of

ment to a remedy For the sake of all parties concerned, let the landlords who refuse sites, have ventured on a statement

it come as speedily as possible. of their reasons for so doing. They generally either take no The Sabbath Alliance.- We rejoice as the energy which notice whatever of the requests made to them, or give a curt the Alliance is infusing into its operations. The meetings and abrupt refusal. If we may judge from the specimens of which are being held over the kingdom must be productive of intellect and temper which those few who have ventured signal good; and the diffusion of tracts on the subject, especially further have exhibited, the curt course is decidedly the most among the working classes, will dispel a cloud of misappresafe and creditable. If such men as Colonel Campbell, and hensions. The Sabbath question is one which, in its religious Lord Ward, can commit a blunder greater than the refusal of and social aspects, is, when represented, so vividly plain and sites, it would certainly seem to be their writing of letters. alarmingly important, that we are confident, if it be but The following epistle from the latter has just been published. rightly stated, the people (religious and irreligious) must It is addressed to Mr. Shaw, the Free Church missionary at almost at once see through it. Nêwspaper editors, who themGlengarry, who had written twice to his Lordship on the sub- selves select Sabbaths as their jaunting days, may be slow to ject of a site:

understand the sin and injustice of which they are guilty; but Lord Ward to Reo. Dugald Shaw.

the mass of the people have no such miserable interests to * Rev. SIR,- I returned no answer to your first letter to me, serve, and will not be blinded by the dust which such strive, because it was not written, I conceive, in a respectful tone because they find it needful, to raise. Our working men You now press for an answer, and I will give you one. As

must be especially open to the truth on the subject, and will long as the law of the land upholds the Established Church of Scotland, I shall countenance no other; nor will I do anything

all.see shortly that the pleas of Sabbath-railway apologists, for a body whom I hold to be Dissenters, stirrers up of strife,

when made bare, resolve themselves just into this—that one and most unchristian in spirit. Do not suppose that this is working man is to be wrought as a slave, in order that another an opinion hastily formed. I was in Scotland when the working man may have facilities for enjoying himself. And

ven were there no impiety in the matter, the cruel injustice ought to be in the forefront. How signal have been our priof such a course is so evident that one would think the gorge vileges as compared with those of our afflicted brethren! Ald of even the non-religious among the working classes must rise how loudly we are called upon, not only to remember them earagainst it. We say nothing now of their interests as a class, nestly before the Lord, but also liberally, bountifully, immealthough these are of course most seriously involved. Our diately to minister to their necessities! They are casting readers will find in our advertising page an intimation of a themselves upon the Lord. Let us be his ministers to them premium of £25 to be given for the best Essay on “The Tem- that their prayers may be answered through our means. poral Advantages of the Sabbath to the Labouring Classes, and

“ Hitherto," writes one, “ by the faithful intercession of the Consequent Importance of preserving its Rest from all Jesus, we have been supported and preserved. Some souls are Encroachments of Unnecessary Labour.” The competitors distressed, doubtless. We have, in general, as a duty, to enter must be working men. This is a step in the right direction. into our closets, to shut the door, and to hide ourselves a little We doubt not that the successful working man, who

while, until the indignation be overpast.' But so far as we ever he may be, will be found more than a match for the com

can judge, no one bas yet turned back. What would happen

should the persecution become more fierce we cannot tell; but passionate patrons who would keep railways open for his what consoles us is this: we know that the foundation of God benefit. An intelligent, homely, blunt utterance on the ques- standeth sure,' having this seal, 'the Lord knoweth them that tion, from one of the class most interested will be of weight. are His; and let every one that nameth the name of Christ, deThe letter of Mr. Swan, of Folkestone, was a most effective part from all iniquity.' document. Let us have more like it.

ITALY.
SWITZERLAND.

The Policy of the Pope.-A mist envelops the policy of ('anton de Vaud. The intelligence from the Canton de

the pope. Strong fears are beginning to be entertained by Vaud is distressing. The lull has ceased, and the storm broken

“ Young Italy” that his performance will come far short of out more fiercely than before. A decree has been issued for

his promise, or rather of their expectation, for he himself bidding the meetings of the Free Church for worship, and a

never promised much. Their fears have several grounds. godless populace are assaulting the faithful ministers and their First, the pope has come out with a flaming eulogy of the adherents with the most cruel indignities.

Jesuits. In a letter addressed to a priest who had inscribed to * Public worship on Sabbath has been suspended; in most

him a thesis on the immaculate conception of the Virginplaces Christians have been unable to leave their houses: their

"Such merit (the merit displayed in the thesis) does not doors have had a surveillance to watch before them, of the armed guard, paid by Government. Some of the demitted surprise us in a member of that illustrious Society, which has ministers have had their lives threatened. One of them es

produced so many men distinguished by the integrity of their caped from being killed by a blow from the handle of a loaded lives, by the glory of their holiness

, by their devotedness to

the Catholic religion, by all kinds of learning, and by their pistol. The murderer, upon whom the pistol exploded, was se

services to Christian and to civil society." verely wounded in the hand and eyes. The threatened pastor had him carried to his (the pastor's) own bed. The miserable man The references to the religious character of the Jesuits are acknowledged his crime, and entreated God's servant to par bad enough, and would have excited dissatisfaction and uneasidon him, and pray for him.”

But to speak of them as “ distinguished by their serEven worse things appear to be in store for our afflicted vices to civil society" —is (if not a jest) such an outrage upon brethren. The return of the troops from the destruction of the truth, and runs so directly contrary to the popular sentiment Sonderbund will be the signal for fresh excesses. The cor- of the Continent, that the fact of the Pope's having seriously respoudent of Evangelical Christendom says,

used the words is naturally a source of great disappointment “The most hostile treatment is preparing for the Christians and apprehension. Then, again, his words to the deputies of on the return of the troops. A letter addressed to the pastor the Pontifical States, when they went to him to present an adof the Free Church of Romainmotier (Mr. Gonin), and signed dress, are regarded unpleasantly. He told them that, while by 118 of his former parishioners, ordering him to leave the country within a given time, says: We give this advice with he had no objection to receive their advice, he would abana friendly intention, as our soldiers have sworn not to lay

don nothing, not an iota of his sovereign power, but was redown their arms, until they have cleared the country of the

solved to transmit it to his successors full and entire as he had Pasteurs démissionaires." Soon after, a number of men received it.” So disagreeably does this sound in Italy, that came with the intention of dispersing a religious meeting; but the pastor not being at home, they contented themselves by the length of alleging that the words were never uttered by

some of the journals in his interest have found it needful to go searching every part of the house, without any legal warrant whatever. On his return, Mr. Gonin applied to the authori him, but have been forged by his enemies. Still further, he ties of five out of the seven communes or villages, which com

has been maintaining, in all its rigour, the censorship of pose his former parish, complaining of the illegal perquisitions the press, holding apparently with his more outspoken premade in his house, requiring their protection, and claiming his decessor, Pope Gregory, that the liberty of the press right as a citizen to dwell where he liked. But what are

never be sufficiently execrated and detested;" and that "lirights, laws, and justice, to a fanaticized people? The only result to his application for assistance, was the calling together berty of opinion” is “the pest of all others to be dreaded." a popular assembly, in which a committee was chosen, to write (See Encyclical Letter of 1832.) Some time, however, must to him in the name of the said assembly, and order bim to elapse befon the real character and intentions of his Holileave the country forthwith, or else they could not answer what ness can be positively determined on. His difficulties are would be the consequences to him and his family.”

just beginning. It was an easy enough matter to show a few The godly pastor has been compelled to bow before the kindnesses at the commencement of his reign, and to accomthreatening, and with his wife and seven children, has taken plish or promise a few minor reforms. But, as recent comTefage in Geneva. The whole body of pastors expect a simi- motions in Italy prove, these have only served to whet the lar expulsion, and are prepared for the worst; and emigration popular appetite and to awaken popular expectation. He arrangements are being proposed, by which the faithful among must go further. Suddenly to stop short would produce a the people may be enabled to accompany their pastors. The concussion which might pitch him and all his brother potenEvangelical Societies of Geneva and France are anxious to tatas in Italy from their seats. But how much further may come to their help, but unfortunately their funds are at pre- he go, consistently with a regard to the safety, not of his kingsent in a state of unprecedented embarrassment. British dom (for that would not probably suffer), but of the Church of Christians must instantly arouse themselves and meet the which he is the

Cha the problem which he has emergency. Our own Free Church must not be behind—it | undoubtedly started, and which the world is waiting to see

ness.

can

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