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neither has the silence of the evangelists, as to the est degree, infringed by this position. We may illustrate our particular mode in which it should be applied left the

view of the case by a reference to the established practice Church unprotected against a rampant superstition. of Judaism. In the admission of proselytes, the general law

of the Jewish Church not only imposed circumcision, baptism, The meaning of baptism has unquestionably been

and the presentation of a free-will offering, but also took misrepresented; but it cannot be shown that the

measures for securing the reality of their conversion to the heresy originated in the mode of its administration. faith, and their determination to observe the ordinances of Kneeling at the Lord's supper prepared the way for the Mosaic institute. This regulation, in a strict sense, applied the general reception of the doctrine of transubstan- only to adults. Infants were incompetent to present a freetiation; but no one will pretend to say that the rac

will offering. Infants could afford no proof of conversion to tice of pouring, rather than dipping, introduced the

the Jewish system. Infants could not pledge themselves to

the observance of its ceremonial. Yet it is an acknowledged doctrine of baptismal regeneration. The New Testa- fact, that infants were admitted into the ancient Church, and ment lays down no definite rule as to the mode in

their membership recognised in common with that of their which we should apply the baptismal water; and in parents. So far, therefore, as the merits of the question are determining the quantity of the element to be used, concerned, the admission of an infant proselyte into the Jewish as well as the manner of its administration, we are

Church, and the admission of an infant disciple into the Chrisat liberty to act according to the enlightened dictates

tian Church, stand upon precisely the same level. In both

cases, also, the general law is substantially the same, being of prudence and piety. The Primitice Church Maga- framed with an especial, though by no means exclusive, view zine, the organ of the Strict Communion Baptists in to the accession of adults. It may be asserted, indeed, that England, some time ago asserted that “in baptism the the Jewish Church bad explicit warrant for enrolling the mode is the ordinance, and that, if the mode is al- children of proselytes on the list of its members; and we cortered, the ordinance is abolished.” It is certain that dially admit the fact, while we shall endeavour to show that the early Christian Church repudiated any such idea; and scriptural--for a proceeding strictly analogous.

the Christian Church has implicit warrant-warrant sufficient for we know that it did not adhere to a uniform mode

Discipleship, in the simplest view of it, does not in the celebration of the sacrament. Ecclesiastical necessarily imply knowledge. The mere entrance of a pupil history informs us that the sick and dying were often under the care of a master, constitutes discipleship; and should baptized in bed ; and under such circumstances it is he continue under instruction till his last hour, he is still no obvious that dipping must have been out of the ques

more than a disciple. The truth of these statements is so tion. These dinical baptisms had the sanction of apparent as not to call for illustration. On the other hand, ecclesiastical authority; and yet, when the ordinance knowledge does not necessarily imply discipleship. Many of

the Jews, doubtless, received knowledge from Christ as a reliwas dispensed to persons in health, the mode of its gious teacher—were instructed by his public discourses, though adıninistration was very different.

they would have spurned the name of disciples, and all would The question as to the mode of baptism is by no have felt it to be a misnomer. We cheerfully admit that mcans of so much consequence as that relating to its

Christian discipleship, in our view of it, implies instruction ; subjects. To prove that the ordinance should not be

but we deny that any discipleship necessarily implies the adininistered to infants, Baptists constantly appeal | claim universal acceptation,

whatever may become of its im

present instruction of the mathetes. For this distinction we to the commission addressed by our Lord to his portance to the cause of infant baptism.”—Pp. 466, 467, 470. apostles, “Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the

We would willingly make larger extracts from Son, and of the Holy Ghost.” Professor Wilson this part of the volume, but our limits admonish as takes up this objection, and shows that the language to forbear. We regret that we cannot notice more of the commission is susceptible of a very different particularly the reasoning of the author, founded interpretation.

upon the Abrahamic covenant. But before taking “ It would,” says he,“ in our view, be unsafe to rest the

leave of the work, we shall present our readers with argument for the necessity of a religious profession before another extract, exhibiting a different view of the baptism, on the words— Disciple all nations, baptizing them. general argument. Had the apostles been enjoined to disciple the nations, and baptize them, we could have seen our way in marking a broad

“The term adult baptism is used with two different appliline of distinction between the discipling and the baptizing;

cations--one denoting the ordinance as administered to a and following the natural order of the clauses, we should have

Christian convert from another faith, the other embracing the felt warranted to insist on the discipleship prior to the bap

case of children who, having grown up under Christian traintism. Provision would thus have been made for the requisite ing, are baptized on the profession of their faith in Christ. profession of faith, inasmuch as the idea of voluntary Christian

These applications are not only distinct, but the distinction discipleship, to some extent, manifestly implies such profession.

cannot be safely overlooked by either party. It would be But our Lord's command is— Disciple all the nations, bap- manifestly illogical to adduce adult baptism in the former tizing them; the structure of which by no means requires that

acceptation in evidence of the propriety or scripturality of the subject of baptism must have received previous Christian adult baptism in the latter acceptation. As justly might the instruction. According to this view, baptism would merely circumcision of an adult proselyte to Judaism be alleged in constitute the action to be performed in obeying the injunction support of deferring till manhood the circumcision of his son. to disciple all the nations. The authorities in support of this

In the one case we have adult circumcision; in the other construction, compose men of the first talent, and of the

infant circumcision; while these observances betray no mutual most extensive learning.”—P. 346.

opposition or incongruity. Now, our opponents confound

this clear and well-sustained distinction, when they attempt Again, the author says

to derive positive support to their cause from the adult bap“ We have maintained that the structural sense is modified tisms of the New Testament; as is evident from the fact, that by the relations which baptism sustains in the commission. in so far as their system is impugned by the Paedo-baptist, Could it be a reasonable service,' we have asked—would it they cannot defend it by a solitary Scripture example. not rather involve the criminal abuse of things most sacred—to • The silence of Scripture on this point should be duly baptize into the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, weighed by those who allege its silence in condemnation of one who possesses intelligence, yet is utterly ignorant of the infant baptism. Does the Baptist complain that the period nature of the ordinance, and of the name into which he is of Scripture history is too short to produce instances of the baptized ? On the plain ground, then, of the connections of adult baptism which alone can uphold his theory? We rebaptism in the commission, we have contended for the absolute ply, These instances must be of very slow growth, if the lapse necessity of at least some measure of religious knowledge to of sixty or seventy years is insufficient to produce one of them. qualify an adult for admission to Christian baptism.”

If it was customary in the apostolic age to withhold baptism “The right of infants to the ordinance is not, in the slight- | from the infant children of the multitude of converts, and let them grow up, sustaining to the Church the same relations as imbibed opinions;" and says, that “instead of perheathens, is it not strange that no instance can be found of

plexing ourselves with attempts to reconcile such the baptism of any of this large and interesting class ? Either

difficulties with Scripture, or Scripture with them, there were such adult baptisms, or there were not. If there were, then the mere silence of Scripture is not to be held as

all that we have to do is calmly and quietly to disproving their existence, nor could it, on the same principle, sweep them out of our path, and go on our way redisprove the existence of infant baptism. But if there were joicing."-(Pp. 16, 17.) In this way Mr Tonna not, then the children in question must bave been either bap- saves himself a great deal of trouble; but whether tized in infancy, or altogether exempted from submission to

this summary method is quite satisfactory is another the ordinance. We are reluctant in any case to rest an affir

question. We could put down some difficulties, mative on the mere silence of a document; and yet the Baptist can show no better foundation for the leading tenets of purely scriptural, as we think, to which it would his system. With respect to infants, we do not profess to scarcely do to apply our author's besom. As to his stand upon this ground. Our doctrine is, that, though not critical arguments, we would advise him to review mentioned by name, infants are included in the apostolic ad- them. In letter third, he lays down this canon, that ministration of baptism.” Pp. 501-503.

wherever αναστασις νεκρών,

resurrection of the dead” Professor Wilson has rendered good service to the occurs in the New Testament, the general resurreccause of truth, by this publication. Dr Carson's tion is meant, but where avaITATIS !X ysxgwe, resurtreatise on the other side of the question has been rection from the dead, or, as he renders it, “out from recently re-printed, and has obtained extensive cir- amongst the dead,” occurs, it means “ the peculiar culation. The work of Dr Halley of Manchester, in resurrection,” which is limited to believers.-(Pp. reply, though an acute, learned, and vigorous pro. 30–34.) We must not speak severely of this assertion duction, promulgates some principles in reference to of Mr Tonna's, because it is but a repetition of what the subjects of baptism, of which we cannot approve. those who should know better have reiterated on Whilst this volume contains a full, judicious, and the same side of the question, in volume after masterly refutation of the doctrine of the Baptists, volume. But a glance at the Greek Concordance it earnestly advocates, at the same time, the sound and Testament will satisfy any one that it is Presbyterian theology of the old school, so that we baseless. Thus, in Acts iv. 2, we read that the priests, can safely recommend it to the notice of all our the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees came readers. The decision of the controversy which it upon the apostles, “ being grieved that they taught discusses, affects the very existence of a whole deno- the people, and preached, through Jesus, the resurmination, and it will, we expect, soon call forth a rection from the dead (any avartavu Thu'sx youpws). The host of antagonists. Baptist writers cannot afford formula here is, according to Mr Tonna,“ most forto overlook such a volume. It is a blow at the root cible, the article being twice repeated;" and he of their entire system, and it has been aimed so as calls attention to it, as used in another place, in to take effect. In what way they will endeavour to express contrast with the other phrase—“ resurrec. meet it we cannot tell; but we are inclined to hope tion of the dead :” and yet, twice over do we find that, meanwhile, it will seem to check that spirit of this latter phrase employed to express the same intolerable dogmatism, by which many of them have, doctrine, as preached by Paul, and with the same of late, been unhappily distinguished.

opposition from the Jewish authorities as we have

seen that Peter, James, and John met with. “Men THE FIRST AND THE SECOND ADVENTS, WITH A VIEW

and brethren (said Paul before the high priest) OF THE MILLENNIUM. By JAMES CARLILE, D.D.

I am a Pharisee, and the son of a Pharisee; of the Edinburgh: 1848. hope and

resurrection of the dead (reqı aracterims

vixqws) I am called in question.” (Acts xxiii. 6.) And ERCHOMENA; OR, Things to COME. By LEWIS H. referring to this, when arraigned as a criminal before Tonna.

London : 1847. Felix, he affirms that his Sadducean enemies had no THESE two little books—the one by the able mi-charge against him “except it be for this one voice, nister of St Mary's Abbey, Dublin, so well known that I cried standing among them, Touching the reby his labours at Birr, and the other by the widowed surrection of the dead (riga avaotadsws vexqwe), I am husband of the gifted Charlotte Elizabeth--present a called in question by you this day.” Thus we see great contrast, not only in the conclusions at which that the resurrection of believers, or the just, which they arrive on the question at issue-the pre-millen- alone the apostles could proclaim as matter of nial advent-but in their method of reasoning, and,“ hope” (Acts xxiii. 6), is expressed by both forwe may add, in the ability which they display. Mr mulas. It is indifferently called “the resurrection Tonna's consists of seven letters addressed to a Chris- of the dead” and “the resurrection from the dead." tian friend, and published in the Christian Ladies' All distinction, therefore, between the resurrection Magazine for 1840-1841. A few copies, he tells us, of believers and the general resurrection, so far as had been struck off for private circulation; and it the Greek formula is concerned, is groundless. There was in consequence of the conviction they had car. may be such a distinction as Pre-millennialists conried to the minds of “many believers,” that he was tend for—on that question we do not enter hereinduced to publish them in a separate form. With- but the Greek criticisms which they press into their eut entering on the merits of the controversy, we service on this point are worthless. Indeed, the very shall merely say, that, while he could have put his terms in which Christ's own resurrection is expressed ewn case with greater strength, he has not done in a number of places, when compared together, much to remove the difficulties by which it is en- make it matter of wonder that the phraseology of compassed. As to the difficulties—with the ex- the New Testament should be turned to such a ception of the gigantic one arising out of the pre- purpose. dicted conflagration of the earth at the second ad- In p. 37, the author quotes two passages from Hevent, which he admits, but seems scarcely to brews, putting in large capitals the words on which apprehend the real gist of-he sets them all down he wishes to lay stress. The first is this: “ These as the offspring of “prejudice, education, or early (patriarchs) all died in faith NOT HAVING RECEIVED THE PROMISES, but having seen them AFAR OFF.” (xi. I righteous shall then be welcomed to the kingdom and to the 13.) The other is to the same effect: “ And these mansions prepared for them; and the wicked driven away (Old Testament saints) all, having obtained a good in their wickedness,' with the devil and his angels, into the report through faith, RECEIVED NOT THE PROMISE (not

everlasting fire prepared for them.

“ 3. The door shall be shut-that is, those who are received PROMISES, as Mr Tonna prints it); God having pro

into the presence of Christ, will be for ever secured; and those vided some better thing for us, that they without us who are expelled from him, will be for ever excluded. There should not be made perfect.” (Verses 39, 40.) The will, therefore, be no farther apostasy, neither will there be author's object in quoting and emphasising these any more conversions. words is to refer them to the future inheritance of ed, and their elements melted with fervent heat.

* 4. The heavens and the earth that now are shall be dissolvCanaan, or at least of the earth, as what the patri.

* 5. A new heaven and a new earth shall arise, wherein shall archs died in the faith and hope of. Now this may, dwell righteousness. For, or may not, be a well-founded opinion. But what “-6. Christ shall, in the body in which he rose from the dead, the apostle has in view is the promise of Messiah's ad. reign on that new earth over all his redeemed people, and they rent and work in the flesh, as carrying in its bosom shall see his face, not then as through a glass darkly, but face all the promises, both of grace and of glory, and


to face; they shall see even as they are seen, and shall be peramong the rest, if it be a scriptural expectation. This

fectly like to him, when they shall see him as he is. They must be manifest to the attentive reader of the chap

shall be equal unto the angels, nay, shall judge angels, and shall

be kings and priests unto God for ever. ter referred to, and of the epistle generally; and as 7. Then shall be the restitution of all things. What that this epistle is made strange use of by Pre-millennial. expression may imply we cannot fully understand; but, as ists, it is important to guard against loose applica

Christ came to make an end of sin, to bring in an everlasting tions of its language, even though the perversion may

righteousness, to abolish death, to destroy the works of the be employed to support a truth.

devil, it will doubtless be a thorough and perfect restoration

of the whole creation from that confusion and defilement It will be seen that we have abstained from which has been introduced into it by sin. entering on the question at issue, to which no jus- “ This is called the salvation of Christ's people. It is the tice could here be done. Were we to take up prize of the high calling of God in Jesus Christ, towards the subject, we should require to pause on nearly

which they are to press, if by any means they may attain unall the author's proof passages, which he strings to

to the blessed and glorious resurrection of the dead. (Phil. gether as if hardly a doubt could be entertained as

iii.) And it is for this that they are to look, to watch, to

wait, to pray; it is towards this they are to hasten; and it is to their reference to the periods and events of the

this they are to rejoice in, and to love; for, ' Blessed are all second advent. We part with him, however, in a they that love his appearing.' friendly spirit, trusting that “ love of His appearing"

The second part of Dr Carlile's pamphlet is occumay form a bond sufficiently strong between the disciples of the Lord Jesus, and prevent their falling and visions, accompanied with hints for the interpre

pied with "certain prophecies, conveyed in dreams out by the way about the circumstances and the tation of them, which are to be found in various parts time of it. Dr Carlile's pamphlet contains some valuable mat- these symbolical prophecies should not be mixed up

of Scripture.”' The author assigns four reasons why ter in small space. It is truly excellent. No feature with the plain promises of God's Word, as matters of of it pleases us better than the prominent place which faith and hope, into the validity of which we must he assigns to the second advent. He gives it just its not enter here, though they are well worthy of being scriptural style-as the correlate and complement of the first. Were this view of the two advents more question. Dr Carlile uses strong language in speake

weighed by those who make the use of them in uniformly and distinctly held up before the Church, it would go far to adjust the ideas and the language of ing of the use which Pre-millennialists make of the Christians in conformity with those of the New Testae symbolical prophecies. “He confesses it seems to ment, from which they can never be healthily dissoci; 19.) Speaking of the famous prophecy, Rev. xx.

him to endanger the whole fabric of Christianity.”—(P. ated; and it would disencumber the pre-millennial

1-10, he sayscontroversy of vexatious misunderstandings, which, as matters stand, require tedious explanations to remove. “It is very extraordinary, that round this solitary symboliMay we not hope that such a way of viewing the two

cal announcement of a thousand years, during which Satan is to advents, as we have a specimen of in Dr Carlile's pam

be bound in the bottomless pit, have been congregated almost

every promise of external glory contained either in the Old phlet, may contribute to narrow the ground of con

or New Testament, and a period of blessedness has thus been troversy and facilitate its decision?

held up, during the present transitory, imperfect, sinful state The first part of this pamphlet is occupied with a of man, which has to a fearful extent been made to obscure statement of the scriptural relation of the two ad- the great promise to which the faith of the Church has been vents, the principal passages being quoted in full.

directed in all ages, and on which the hope of every indivi

dual member of the Church rests, namely, the eternal separa. From this part of the pamphlet our readers may be

tion of the righteous from the wicked, the destruction of pleased to read the following summary :

Satan, the abolition of death, and the everlasting peace and “The characteristics and transactions of that day (the advent) joy of all God's

people in the presence of God, and the restiare chiefly these :

tution of all things-all to be effected by the second coming “1. Christ shall come suddenly, and by the world unexpect- of Christ to judgment." edly, but visibly in the clouds of heaver, even as he ascended to heaven. He will come with all his saints, and his holy particulars, the details of which do not all carry

He then gives his own view of this passage, in eleven angels. He will come accompanied with flaming fire, and the great sound of a trumpet.

equal conviction to our mind, but which, as a whole, “2. Men shall be raised from the dead; his people, in glori- are well put, and give a view of the spirit of the proous, incorruptible bodies, like the glorified body of Christ; phecy which cannot be regarded as forced or inconthose of his people that shall be alive, shall be changed; and sistent with the general style of symbolic prophecy. both those who are changed, and those who shall have risen from the dead, will be caught up to meet the Lord in the air,

The author " cannot participate in the dark and and shall be assembled at his right hand. The wicked shall be gloomy apprehensions which the present course of collected at his left hand; both parties, not for trial, but for the events and the stream of prophecy suggest to the pronouncing of judgment, the trial being already over. The minds of many holy and spiritual men.” After alluding to the hopeful condition of our own country, to A Manual of Prayers for the Young. By the Rev. EDthe opening of China to the gospel; to the tottering


London. condition of idolatry in India, under the power of

We are no friends to the general and permanent use of God's Word; to the giving way of the props of the prayer manuals. At the same time, if we wished such a help, Man of Sin; to the spirit which is inciting men, not

there is no one on whom we would more willingly devolve the

duty of supplying it, than the devout and revered compiler of under the influence of true religion, to hate the

this volume. And we are far from saying that his little work mother of harlots, and make her desolate and naked, may not be most useful. On the contrary, we have no doubt and burn her flesh with fire, notwithstanding all that that it may be put into the hands of many young people with the English clergy and aristocracy are doing to fos signal benefit. "It is extremely scriptural, and the forms are ter an attachment to her abominations; to the fall of well fitted to convey to the young mind the idea of simple, those prime supports of the Papacy, the government earnest, believing prayer. An excellent address to young per

sons on the nature and blessedness of true religion is prefixed to of Louis Philippe in France, and the Metternich ty- the volume. ranny in Austria ;-he expresses his hope, that He ! The New Testament Pocket Commentary. London. whose name is The Word of God, has already begun


little exposition is compiled from Henry, Scott, Doddto go forth on his white horse to smite the nations ridge, Burkitt, and others

. It is chiefly practical, and may with the sword that goeth out of his mouth, and to be found of use by the parent at family worship, and by the rule them with a rod of iron. He anticipates that Sabbath-school teacher. we may have “a sharp conflict and severe trials, pro- Historical Sketch of the Origin of the Secession Church. By, bably from the infidel party,” which he thinks is in- the Rev. ANDREW THOMSON, B.A.; and the History of dicated by the resurrection of the ancient martyrs;

the Relief Church. By the Rev. Gavin STRUTHERS, Þ.D. that is, as he takes it, of their faithfulness unto death;


This beautiful volume is the first issued in connection with but such“ life from the dead" as the world has never

the Publication Scheme of the United Presbyterian Church. yet experienced he expects as the issue.

We cannot speak of the merits of the whole volume, having “ Let God's faithful servants (he concludes) be found at

found time to read only the first portion by Mr Thomson. But their post, waiting for their Lord, more than they that watch

in it the scheme has had a most happy commencement. Confor the morning-I say more than they that watch for the sidering the extent and richness of the field to be travelled morning. Let them not permit their hearts to be benumbed

over, and the small space (not two hundred pages) at Mr in Christ's service by any apprehension that nothing effectual

Thomson's disposal, his “ Historical Sketch" is a singularly is to be done till Christ himself shall appear in the flesh.

felicitous production. It is written in a peculiarly graceful Had such an apprehension taken possession of the Church at

and attractive, and, withal, terse and vigorous style, and the the first going forth of the gospel, or before the Reformation, pictorial passages, in which it abounds, are characterized by those great revivals would never have shone upon the world.

extreme taste and beauty. Of course we are not to be underThere is power in the ordinary means of conversion, the mi

stood as signifying our approval of all the sentiments contained nistration of the truth of God by his people, accompanied by

in the work. As a whole, however, it deserves high praise. the outpouring of the Spirit of God (and ought he not to add,

Mr Thomson has performed a service to his own denomination, appalling and solemnizing judgments?], to effect greater

the value of which they will not easily appreciate; and the things than the world has yet witnessed. And all that is

volume, we have no doubt, will find its way into the hands of implied in a millennial prosperity may be accomplished by many who, although they were never connected with the Sethem, and yet the honour be reserved

to Christ himself at his cession, yet will thankfully recognise in her history and labours coming to destroy Satan and all evil, to restore all things, and

a blessing from the Lord to their country. to introduce his people, not to a temporary, but to an eternal

History of Rome, from the Earliest Times to the Fall of the state of glory and felicity in his presence.


London. While purposely abstaining from the controversy Religious Tract Society, and intended for schools and families.

This is a volume of the historical series published by the itself, we heartily recommend this pamphlet, as con

The writer states that his object has been to produce a history taining much more that is worthy of attention than of that remarkable people, consistent with the progress which its unpretending appearance would lead one to expect. has been made in that department of historical knowledge, and,

at the same time, to take a Christian view of events to furnish the information requisite to form a correct judgment of the

individuals prominent in their story; and, while detailing facts, Notes on New Books.

to state the principles involved in them, from which important rules may be gathered for our conduct in private life and

general society. The idea is a good one, and the author has Chapters on Missions in South India. By the Rev. W.

succeeded very fairly in exemplifying it. The book is very Fox, B.A., late Church Missionary at Masulipatam.

readable, and its reflections, so far as we have seen, are judiLondon.

cious and seasonable. We have spent an hour most pleasantly in looking through

Life of Mr John Livingstone: with a Historical Introducthis volume. It is neither so full in its descriptions, nor so

tion, and Notes, by the Rev. Thos. Houston, Knockbracken.

Edinburgh. overpowering in its appeals, as the well-known work by Dr Duft, nor is it so vivid and pictorial as the recent volume by rical Relations of his Life, containing several Observations of

This is a new edition of John Livingstone's “ Brief HistoMr Artbur. But both in size and style it is much more unpretending than either, and the mass of information which

the Divine Goodness manifested to him the several occurit does contain is full of interest, and is arranged with great

rences thereof." Mr Houston, a respected and able minister of judiciousness. The style, also, is extremely clear and simple.

the Reformed Presbyterian Church in Ireland, has prefixed a The Christianization of India is a work so fraught with bless

Historical Introduction, which is full of information and inteings, not only to India, but to the whole Eastern world, that

rest. Livingstone's Autobiography was a household book with we rejoice to see so many volumes full of earnestness and in

our fathers, but is too little known now. We should rejoice terest issuing from the press in connection

with it. Indeed, if this edition, enriched as it is, in various ways, with addione of the most hopeful signs of the Indian missions is the

tional matter, were to bring it again into extensive notice. high character of their literature, indicating as it does the pre- Schools of Ancient Philosophy. sence on that missionary field of not a few powerful, prayerful The Atmosphere and Atmospherical Phenomena. men-men who, were they at home, would be occupying the | Two of the sixpenny volumes of the Religious Tract Society, highest positions in their various bodies, and whose appeals and, upon the whole, the two best we have seen. The “Attherefore are entitled to, and must in the end command, atten- mosphere" is from the pen of Dr Thomas Dick, and is a much tion and deference from the whole Christian intelligence of more successful and creditable effort than some of his larger the Churches.

and more ambitious productions.

Jesus Christ's Own Teaching and Laws, Chronologically either letters or newspapers on the Lord's-day. We Arranged in Daily Portions for the whole Year.

understand that the postinen, who themselves carried

Edinburgh. round the petition for signature, did not meet with a This Manuel is arranged by the Rev. Mr Mackenzie of single refusal in some districts; and had they proNorth Leith. It is constructed on a peculiar theory. Mr

ceeded with the memorial, and made an active canMackenzie says :“We find on record exactly 366 sayings of Jesus Christ, they would have obtained 30,000 signatures. And,

vass of the population, they had no doubt but that spoken at different times of his humiliation, on different occasions, to all kinds of persons, and on every variety of sub

2d, Only about a fourth part of the merchants who jects. Thus it would appear that the four evangelists were

have boxes send for their letters at present, and only employed to record for the use of mankind a saying of Jesus a sixth is taken from the carriers in the business Christ for every day in the year—a ray and effulgence from part of the city. When we make allowance for the the Heavenly Sun of the mental world for every day of our great number of foreign merchants who are in Manearth's orbit round the sun of our planetary system. “ There are 35 quotations of his sayings after the resurrec

chester, Germans, Greeks, Italians, &c., this is but a tion. Of these, 7 may be reckoned as more or less duplicates, very small proportion. leaving from 28 to 31 actual sayings. In this class there is Mr Adshead said, “ that he thought the memorial thus a saying for each day of the month. A complete circuit did not go far enough; it ought to have prayed for of that luminary which supplies the absence of the sun by re- the extension of the privilege sought, not merely to flecting his beams." Our readers may form their own opinion of this theory.

those employed in the Manchester Post-office, but to We shall only say that its soundness, or the reverse, does not

those employed in every Post-office. If the closing greatly affect the value of the manual as a daily text-book.

of the Post-office could be carried out in London, In that character it may be used with much advantage.

there was no reason why it should not be carried out in the provinces, and those intimately connected with

the Post-office saw no reason why it should not." Miscellanea.

This is a valuable testimony, coming from a practical business man. We have never heard of any

evil result that could ensue to the merchant from THE SABBATH QUESTION.

not getting his letters on the Sabbath. On the other

hand, we know those whose business is the most ex. I. THE MANCHESTER MEMORIAL.

tensive, and whose correspondence in and out ave. The Manchester Town-Council has memorialized the rages fifty to a hundred letters a-day, who never receive Postmaster-General praying that the Post-office be their letters on the Lord's-day, and who testify that closed on Sabbath, and Bolton has followed the ex- they have never suffered inconvenience or damage ample. The motion was fully discussed at two separate thereby. Besides, in all extreme cases the electric ineetings of the Manchester Corporation, and carried telegraph has now superseded the post. If the matby a majority of 18 to 12. Some remarkable details ter be really urgent, no man will ever wait two days were brought out in the course of the discussion, which for what he can get done in two hours for a trifling show the light in which this movement is regarded by payment. the inhabitants of the most important provincial city The London Post office is indeed an unanswerable in Great Britain, second only to the metropolis in argument to all objectors. Several speakers referred its population and commerce. Mr Medcalf, who to this feature of the question. Thus Alderman made the motion, said, “The memorial from the Bandcroft—“The example of the metropolis was a inhabitants was signed by 11,000 firms and indivi- proof that it was perfectly practicable to close the duals, and being presented to the Postmaster-Gene- Post-office on Sabbath. IIe believed, that closing ral, he directed Mr Godby, the surveyor of the Post- the Post-office on Sabbath would not inflict injury office, to call on the committee; and he stated that on any class of society.” It is very encouraging the Postmaster-General did not feel warranted to to the friends of the Sabbath to find such a distake any step till some opinion had been expressed cussion wound up by one of the speakers declaring, by the Corporation of Manchester. Only 200 refused“ That public opinion was in favour of the motion. to sign the memorial. Many were in favour of the When 11,000 signatures had been obtained to the Sabbath shilling envelope, so as to lessen the number memorial, and when it was found that only about of letters on the Sabbath. In the inner circle of the two per cent. of those who were applied to recity, the proportion of the letters retained in the fused to sign it, that was considered to be sufficient hands of the letter-carriers is about 6 to 1. In the evidence of public opinion. If the great facilities outer circle, the proportions are about reversed. that existed for maturing business were considered, The number of boxes was 1,320, but the proportion and the accelerations that had taken place in the of those who called for their letters only averaged trains, together with those which might yet be about 368; and a number of those who sent for their made, the objections that were made as to the resoletters did not open them till Monday. Though lution interfering with the spread of knowledge and there had been no expression of opinion from the of social domestic intercourse vanished into air." two commercial bodies in the town (the Chamber We are glad to find that the movement for the of Commerce, and Commercial Association), their same end is going on in right earnest in Scotland. presidents were not individually unwilling to consent Twenty-four towns have already petitioned to have to this change. Then London had given up the de- the Post-office closed on Sabbath, and others are enlivery of letters on the Sabbath; and in 1838, when it gaged in getting up memorials. The memorial from was proposed to have a Sabbath delivery, a memorial, Edinburgh has received 10,000 signatures. Glasgow very extensively signed by bankers, merchants, &c., will surely not be behind Manchester. Our friends must protested against it. In Liverpool, York, Bath, and proceed with energy in this matter. Every one who . other places, a similar feeling was manifested." loves the Lord's-day should at once be up and doing

Two striking facts are stated here, Ist, Almost in his own locality, not waiting till he is applied to. the whole of the inhabitants, agree not to take in The Sabbath Alliance is proving itself a most valu

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