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communicating instruction, so much as in mental and sum of which still is, “ I will be thy God, and the moral training. The training system, so ably advo- God of thy seed.” To them it must be gratifying in cated by Mr Stowe of Glasgow, and so well followed the highest degree to know, that as circumcision out in our normal institutions, has introduced a new was not of Moses, but of the fathers," as it was not a era in the history of education. And it is striking ceremonial but a patriarchal institute, belonging to to observe how admirably the improvements of the that covenant which was made with faithful Abraage are found to tally with the institutions of Chris- ham, and“ which the law could not disannul, so as tianity. The gospel does not adapt itself to them, to render the promise of none effect;" so baptism, but they are found, in the course of time, to adapt which is a seal of the same covenant, assures the themselves to the gospel. Infant baptism points, Christian believer that “ the promise is to him and and has always pointed, to infant training. The to his children." And then, what a blessed thought religion of heaven has been always urging on man is it to the Christian mother, that " the child whom its obligation and its importance. It is long since it God hath given her," or whom it may have pleased said, “ Train up a child in the way in which he ought him to take away, was actually and truly a “ disciple to go, and when he is old he will not depart from of the Lord,” having not only been dedicated to him it.” It is long since it was said of Timothy, that in his own ordinance, and enrolled in his school as "from a child he had known the Holy Scriptures." one of the "little ones” whom, on their admission, This training is, in fact, the basis of all sound and he“ takes up in his arms, lays his hand on them, and salutary learning. Without it, the child may grow blesses them;" but that her little one has, in fact, up a monster in vice, before he reach maturity in received lessons in that school, having from his birth age. Christian parents have always aimed at carry. been“ brought up in the nurture and admonition of ing out this into practice ; and the effects have the Lord.” Would she deny her poor child the pribeen visible in the wide difference between the chil. vilege which he cannot plead for himself, but which dren of godly and virtuous parents and the neglected Christ pleads in his behalf, saying: “Suffer thy little children of our streets. But, after all that has been child to come unto me, and forbid him not; for of such done by parents, or by Sabbath schools and ragged is the kingdom of heaven?" Would she shrink from schools, to supply the neglect of a vicious parentage, erasing his name from her own testament, and yet much still remains to be done. It is impossible to keep it out of Christ's testament? No; the mother's lay down rules on this subject; much must be left, heart is not made of such stern stuff. The theory of as Mr Stowe shows in his excellent treatise, to the infant-repudiation is as unnatural as it is unevangediscretion of the mother, who must be guided by cir- lical. It would shut out the mother from all those cumstances, and by the natural dispositions of the hopes and consolations of which Christian baptism child. In truth, the functions of maternal solicitude, is the proper pledge, forbidding her to bring her imposed by infant baptism, have perhaps never yet babe as a disciple to Christ, and coldly telling her to been fully appreciated. Too many neglect them wait till some indefinite period, when it may entirely; others begin them too late; while, in pu- please the Church to pronounce it an adult! Good merous cases, the child is ruined for life by foolish people may try to get over this natural feeling, indulgence or cruel severity.
and endeavour to compensate for the absence of But be this as it may, our argument stands un. the holy rite, by a more than ordinary attention to shaken-that the child is a disciple of Christ, and the child whom the Church refuses to recognise capable, from its earliest years, of “ godly upbring as a member ; but nature has sometimes taken ing.” It is vain, therefore, to speak of the incapa- her revenge on those who, by adopting this princity of the child, or to taunt us with the inefficiency ciple, have sinned against her laws, and those of and unmeaningness of “ infant sprinkling.” The heaven. The case of the Baptist converts of Jaordinance is rich with meaning which has not yet maica affords an illustration. Without any other been fully understood; the child is susceptible of adeprompter than the parental heart, opened and invantages which have never yet been half realized. structed by the Christian religion, they were not Those who deny that infants can be regarded in any contented with receiving baptism for themselves, sense as members of the kingdom of heaven, or be but brought their children in their arms and pled treated as such, are bound to prove the contrary, if that they also might be baptized, and thus acknowthey can-bound to show us when and how long ledged as the lambs of the flock. This action rethey consider the child unfit to be admitted into minds us of what the primitive converts would the school of Christ.
naturally do, especially the Jewish converts, who It might be shown, in conclusion, that infant bap- had always been accustomed to have their children tism is as accordant with the dictates of nature as it accounted holy," and enrolled in the Church of is with the doctrine of inspiration, or with the im- their fathers. And we may easily conceive what provements of the age. It responds to the best and course the apostles would follow; they would unstrongest affections in the heart of man-love to his questionably have “ baptized them and all theirs offspring. It stamps the child as an immortal straightway” The Baptist pastors of Jamaica, howbeing, capable of regenerating grace, and of eternal ever, acted a different part. They tried to stave glory. Baptism, indeed, does not of itself, as admi. them off, rebuked them, taunted them, threatened nistered to the infant any more than to the adult, con- them; but all would not do. Nature was hard tugfer that grace or secure that glory; but to believing ging at the heart-strings; and the infant-repudiators parents, it is the type of the one and the earnest of found themselves at last obliged to find some subtbe other. To them, when meditating on the sad stitute for baptism. They agreed that the parents truth, that their child was “ shapen in iniquity," it might bring their children before them, and went is no small consolation to know that such grace has through the ceremony of laying their hands upon been promised for its recovery; and in the event of them and blessing them !* its being torn from their arms by the hand of death, to
* The curious facts stated above were brough: out in a pamphlet think that it had received theseal of that covenant, the lately published, by the Rev. Mr Blyth, missionary in Jamaica.
Let Christian parents, who are admitted to the France to pronounce provision for labour a visionary privilege of baptism for their children, lay this mat- scheme. ter seriously to heart. Let them remember that Let us try to throw a little light upon this subject, Christian privileges involve corresponding obliga- if possible, and let us consider whether the plans tions and responsibilities. “ Lo, children are an proposed hitherto can lead to useful results. heritage of the Lord; and the fruit of the womb is First of all, it must be admitted that the state of his reward. As arrows are in the hand of a mighty our lower classes is very miserable, and deserves the man, so are the children of the youth.” Let them deepest sympathy. A reader in the United States remember that the morals of the child as well as its can hardly form a correct idea of the debasement mind, depend greatly on them for their formation; and degradation in which the mass of our labouring that its soul as well as its body has been intrusted people are sunk. M. Michael Chevalier says, in his to their keeping; and that for its future destiny they "Letters upon America,” that the food, lodging, must be held, in a vast measure, responsible to God. clothing, and even the discourse of labourers, in the Baptism is the sacred link of that responsibility; United States, is incomparably superior to what while to the child himself, it stands as the perpetual exists in Europe, for the same classes of persons. memento of his “engagement to be the Lord's,” and Bring before you, then, millions of human beings renders him also responsible for the manner in which in Paris, Lyons, Malhouse, Rouen, who, by excessive he fulfils it. The duties of the bond may be ne- and exhausting fatigue, hardly gain the necessaries glected, but the link can never be broken; and of life. Most of them must spend twelve to fifteen eternity alone can witness the momentous results of hours a-day in unhealthy workshops. They are Christian baptism.
clothed in rags. They live in damp unwholesome
houses. They have almost no education. They are QUESTION OF PROVISION FOR LABOUR.
obliged to send their wives and children to facto
ries, because the wages of their father are insuffi(From a Foreign Journal.)
cient. They have but a scanty nourishment: little The questions relative to our manners and institu- meat; no coffee nor sugar. When they fall sick, or tions now discussed in France, are so important, they are out of work, they even lack bread. Under the occupy so large a space in public opinion, and may influence of this bad living, the population degeneproduce such effects that, though I have lately spoken rates; men of middle age are bowed down like old of them in my correspondence, they deserve further men. Many die in youth. Thus, body and mind, consideration.
physical constitution and intellect, all suffer. Every revolution has its motto expressing the Truly, this condition is more wretched than can general voice. Sometimes a nation awakes at the be expressed. For these poor creatures are our cry of national independence, and this common senti- kindred. They have the same faculties, the same ment makes them perform prodigies of valour. rights as ourselves. They have claims to a share of Sometimes the need of some political reform impels earthly good; and yet, they are disinherited almost them to take up arms. Again, the exciting cause is entirely, and from the cradle to the grave drag out hatred against a dynasty, or against a privileged a painful existence! Poverty becomes hereditary class. In 1789, for example, France proposed espe- among them; it is the sad patrimony which the cially to break the yoke of the nobles and the father leaves to his children. Privations, ignorance, priests; the cry was War upon lordly mansions! war degradation of soul, a joyless infancy, a helpless old
At present, nothing of this. The age-- what a lot! watch-word now is-Provision for labour ! This It may readily be conceived, then, that the humane phrase is constantly repeated in the official docu- have anxiously desired to elevate the condition of ments of the new government, in journals and labourers. What Christian, what charitable man, pamphlets in the addresses of candidates for the does not ask with sorrow, if there is no means of National Assembly, in short—everywhere— by every- amending the moral, intellectual, and physical conbody.
dition of so many unhappy persons ? Would God we “ Provision for labour!” says the man who seeks could find an effectual remedy! It would be a duty popularity. “Provision for labour!” says the ambi- to point it out—to apply it immediately. But I fear tious man, in order to secure the votes of his fellow- that what has been devised hitherto serves only to citizens.“ Provision for labour !” cries the newspaper aggravate the burden which it is designed to reeditor, to gain the ear of his subscribers. “Procision | lieve. for labour !" repeats the poor labourer with a trium- After the Revolution of last February, one of the phant air. It seems as if these words contained the first laws published by the provisional government secret of our destiny, and were endowed with magic secures to all Frenchmen the right to labour : the power. With provision for labour, all men will live meaning of which is, that the State shall furnish in peace and joy. Provision for labour will render employment to those who need it.
This is very us flourishing, contented, happy: it will make earth well. The healthy man who wishes to employ his a paradise!
strength ought to be in a situation to do so. But to Mark how indefinite is the meaning of the proclaim unqualifiedly the right to labour, is to come words. What is, indeed, provision for labour? In under an obligation which it will be impossible alwhat consists this wonderful cure-all ? Nobody ways to fulfil. Take, for example, an idle, dissolute, knows. Ask in turn the statesman and the common immoral labourer; he has been successively shut out citizen, the labourer and the man of learning : they of all the workshops on account of his vices; he cannot tell. Each man has a different opinion, or takes no pains to gain an honest livelihood. This perhaps none at all. But no matter. The more | labourer, being without employment, turns to the mysterious the expression, the more it is cherished government and says: " Give me work, furnish me by the common mind. Obscurity adds to its import- means of subsistence; for you proclaim the right to ance, and it would be dangerous at this time in labour!"Is it not plain that such a man will not
earn, unless he alter his habits, the wages he is | all manufactories and all machines and instruments paid, and that he thus becomes a burden upon the of labour! How visionary! Never would a governpublic treasury? The consequence is inevitable: ment, if it had the least good sense, consent to take steady and active labourers must make sacrifices for upon itself so heavy a burden; for it would be sure the idle and dissolute. This right to labour holds to succumb under it in a fortnight. out a premium in favour of the intemperate and And then, supposing that the national workshops knaves.
had absorbed all, what would become of individual But this is not all. When the people became liberty? Every man would be constrained to enter masters of Paris and of France, they asked for two these vast laboratories, and to take the kind of emthings: lst, higher wages; 2d, diminution of the ployment which was assigned him. No choice hours of day-labour. They grounded their demands nothing voluntary. You desire to engage in some on these considerations, namely, that the present special enterprise! No, you are not allowed to do wages were not sufficient, and that they needed more 80; the State forbids you; it has a monopoly of time to cultivate their minds. These were good all public and private business! Your disposition enough reasons; but look at the consequences. A leads you to labour alone at home! No, this is fordiminution of labour and an increase of wages, en- bidden; you must enter the public workshops of M. hance the expense of production. Hence the manu- Louis Blanc ! You are fitted for one kind of occufacturers, whose calculations are based on the former pation rather than another! So much the worse for order of things, see that they must suffer a loss. So you, if this occupation happen to be supplied already what do they do, but close their factories; and now with a sufficient number of labourers; you are rethe labourers will get no salary, great or small: they quired, in the name of the State, to do work which is earn nothing. This was foreseen. How can you irksome to you! You ask for larger pay! No, you force a manfacturer to keep his establishment open, will not get it; the government determines the amount when he is lessening instead of increasing his wealth of wages, and if you are not satisfied, you may starve! Can the law oblige a citizen to ruin himself? There In this system, man would be a mere machine. are now in Paris, Lyons, and elsewhere, thousands of The ancient Pharaohs in building the pyramids, workmen out of employment.
ordered all the people to engage in this labour. One True, the State comes to their aid, to execute the made bricks; another brought straw; a third put his law for providing labour. It establishes national work- hand to construct the walls; a fourth wrought the shops. But what follows? The expense is enor- iron-work, and so on. It was an immense herd of mous, while the products are little or nothing. All slaves, subjected to one will, obeying one impulse; these labourers, not accustomed to work, poorly ac- they could do nothing by themselves, and they received quit themselves in their new occupation. They are the wages which their master was pleased to give dissatisfied, and spend more time in talking in clubs, them; often they obtained only a few onions, with than in trundling wheelbarrows, or carting stones. plenty of stripes of the rod, if they dared to com. The treasury is in debt; taxes are increased, and plain. I believe that Mehemet Ali, the present public confidence is destroyed. How can such an viceroy of Egypt, practises still this admirable sysunnatural state of things last?
tem; all the inhabitants of the country plant and A new plan of providing for labour has been pro- gather cotton for his use. If it suits the viceroy to posed by M. Louis Blanc. I will try to explain it dig a canal or drain a marsh, he collects a hundred clearly and briefly.
or two hundred thousand men at his pleasure, and M. Blanc asks that the government be considered orders them to remain there till the work is done. as the great regulator of the products of labour. Such, if I mistake not, is M. Louis Blanc's plan! His Let them make a loan to erect social workshops. Let social or national workshops will be prisons where the State become the chief manufacturer in the coun- each will perform involuntary labour ? Our age talks try. What is now performed by the enterprise of much of progress; but this would be a strange progress, private persons should be done by the government. to go back to the time of the Pharaohs, or to copy Let them have large shops for manufacturing cotton, the brutal despotism of a Mussulman pasha ! silk, linen, hemp, flax, and iron.
Let them monopo
M. Blanc decries vehemently the free competition lize gradually all private labour, so that after a while, of labour. “Competition,” he says, “is the scourge they may remain sole possessor of all the nation's of society. Competition produces hostility, war, the earnings.
ruin of the weak and feeble. Manufacturers try to Let the workmen receive at first the loroest wages; supplant, to crush one another. All means are good then allow them a part in the profits, a yearly account with them to surpass their rivals; they use deceit and of which should be kept. Besides, let a certain fraud towards purchasers. Let us have no competiamount be laid by for the support of the aged, the tion !" These philippics are partly true.
We admit sick, the infirm, and to meet times of stagnation in readily that the strife between manufacturers has business.
some inconveniences. But competition, after all, is This plan is fine in theory; but is it practicable? the soul of labour; to it we owe the superior quality and if it were executed, would it not be the restora- and cheapness of all manufactured and agricultural tion, under another name, of the slavery of ancient products. Take away free competition, and you times ? Where is the government capable of under- immediately produce a state of inactivity and torpor. taking so vast a task ? What! the government to Rivalry is necessary to sharpen the intellect to exerbe cotton-spinner, silk-weaver, manufacturer of cise all the human faculties. woollen goods, owner of buildings !—to be carpenter, If the State had the exclusive monopoly of national joiner, mason, glazier, hatter, shoemaker, tailor, products, what should we soon see? Å dull round of blacksmith, and the whole list of trades! The Staté labour, wretched sloth, no effort at invention; articles to carry on all the commerce; to keep all the shops; held at a high price, and consequently a diminished to direct the whole business of thirty-five millions of consumption, and lastly death to industry. Leave all, men; to be the only merchant, the only proprietor of then, at liberty! This course has its evils, no doubt;
but it has also its advantages, and the good is more not see that these are exceptions,wrici : would be than the evil. Be not like the rash physician, who folly to expect the mass of men to imitate! Give us gives to a person sick with fever, medicine which first religious faith, the hopes of martyrs, and then puts him in his grave! The fever is bad, but death reckon on our self-denial. But with men as they
are by nature, do not forget that personal interest is Formerly there were corporations which kept all the first, the strongest of all motives. Reward well trades under a jealous watch. Strict rules deter- him who works well; and let him suffer privations mined the number of labourers in each business, and who works little or not at all; this is the law of comthe processes they must adopt. What was the result?
The motive to duty is the highest prinHistory tells us; all branches of industry withered, ciple of action, no doubt; cherish this motive; only and the revolution of 1789 broke these odious fetters remember that in common life most men are governed amidst the applause of the nation. But now, it is by self-interest. The human heart is so made, and proposed to establish these corporations under another M. Louis Blanc can not change it. name! Is mankind, then, condemned to imitate the Is there, then, no amendment to be made in the unprofitable labour of Penelope, who undid at night condition of the labouring classes ? and must we conwhat she did in the daytime ?
fess our utter impotence iu view of so great wretchAnother strange idea of M. Louis Blanc consists edness? I do not say this; I believe that progress in establishing perfect equality of wages for all labourers, is the law of man, and that successive generations and even for the superintendents and directors of the ought to acquire gradually more physical happiness national workshops. Be intelligent or stupid, dili. and more intelligence. Though the state of our gent or slothful, active or indolent: no matter; you labourers is yet very wretched, it is much better than will receive at night precisely the same sum of that of the slaves of the ancients, or than the serfs in inoney for your time. Here is a workman who has the dark ages. Our fathers have advanced some done just twice or thrice as much work as another. steps, and we are called in our turn to walk in this I care not, says M. Blanc; he shall not receive a difficult path. But let us not expect to gain all at cent more ! Equality, absolute equality of wages for once. He who runs too fast risks falling. The proall! Overseers, sub-directors even, shall not be paid gress, the true progress of mankind, is slow: it is more than the humblest workman ! Such is our not the affair of a day: it is the work of ages. system !
The best remedy for the evils of the people is Apply this, for example, to the publication of a that which is least discussed in the socialist systems, journal. There are in this business various kinds of namely, the religious and moral elevation of men. Propersons employed : a chief editor, a sub-editor: then pagate the truths of the gospel among the labourers; translators, copyists, clerks; then printers and press- announce to them God the Saviour; turn their men; lastly, persons to fold and direct the paper, thoughts to invisible things, to the happiness of carriers, &c. Well, according to M. Blanc, all, all heaven ; try, with the blessing of the Lord, to convert without exception, should have the same wages. The them to the faith, to the life of Christianity: you editor, who is supposed to be a man of superior will at once produce a sensible amendment even in capacity and intelligence, and of unwearied industry, their physical condition. For such labourers will be inust be paid the same amount as the newspaper temperate; they will have regular habits of business; carrier!
they will be foresighted, economical, industrious; they Apply it to the government of a State. Suppose will provide a good education for their families. the president of our French Republic, to receive the “Godliness is profitable for all things,” says Paul, same salary as the commonest day labourer, to live in “having the promise of the life that now is, and of one of the numbered chambers of a great common that which is to come.” (1 Tim. iv. 8.) building ! and when meditating upon state affairs, to Besides direct evangelization, there are good means have around him, like the labourer, kitchen utensils, to take to render the lot of the lower classes more and to hear the children's cries ! To state such a plan tolerable. Thus, let schools be multiplied for chilis to refute it.
dren and for adults; and disseminate everywhere M. Blanc claims that his theory is accordant with books proper to enlighten the mind and awaken the the principles of justice and equality. But this pre- conscience. The growing instruction of the people tended justice would be real injustice, and is will be the most solid security for social elevation. equality inequality. Ought not the man who makes Lessen, too, the taxes which weigh directly upon the most efforts to unfold his intellectual faculties to be labourers, and increase the taxes upon the rich. A best rewarded the man who renders his country wise system of public taxes is indispensable to the important services to be more largely compensated repose and prosperity of France. The government than he who renders hardly any ? the labourer who of Louis Philippe made many foolish expenditures, works with skill and diligence, than the unskilful and and this was one of the chief causes of his fall. The indolent ? Uuder pretence of treating men alike, M. aged ought to be received into asylums built at the Louis Blanc would commit the grossest injustice. He expense of the State; so with orphans and invalids; would rob some for the benefit of others, and, as I for it is right that the nation give bread to those who have already said, the good for the benefit of the bad. can no longer earn it. Perhaps it would be possible, He would have in the social workshops a herd of too, to allow to the best labourers, a small share in idlers who, being sure of having always the same the profits of the business in which they are engaged; wages, would live at the expense of their companions. thus they would be interested to execute faithfully This would be fine, indeed, and very honest!
the work which is confided to them. Lastly, what is To these objections, M. Louis Blanc replies, that especially important to the welfare of the people, is the sentiment of honour, the principles of conscience, the increase of capital, or public wealth; for the self-devotedness, and brotherly feeling, would reign in richer a nation is, the more each one's portion is the new order of things. He cites the examples of enlarged. But this increase of national riches requires Cincinnatus, of Cato, of the martyrs. But does he order, credit, the return of confidence, liberty of trade, security of persons and of property; and, un- consistency. Even Roman Catholics are now conhappily in all these respects, the late revolution has strained to smile at not a few of these allegations. produced disastrous effects. Our country has suffered The infidel Bayle represents them as utterly disgreat losses since last February. The most opulent graceful. Strange, that semi-Pelagians should be banking houses have suspended payment, manufac. driven to their tactics, and should begin to start turers have one after another closed their business, charges hitherto unknown. commerce languishes more and more; you would say Nothing could be more unfortunate than the imthat iudustry was suddenly arrested, and that we are putations of Popery. She seemed to rejoice in the on the brink of a precipice! It is plain that, in this most desperate contraries. According to Popislı destruction of national wealth, the labourers have adversaries, Calvin was chargeable with some horrible more to suffer than ever.
crime; the fact was, that he was noted, and comIt is not the dreams of M. Louis Blanc which will plained of for the sternness of his moral principle. save us. It would be better to make less magnificent They accused him of ambition; the truth was, that he promises to the labourers, and it is well to repeat to condescended to the humblest member of the flock, them often these words of the illustrious Franklin: and was ambitious only as the apostles of Christ were " If any one tells you that you can grow rich other ambitious—the leader of others in a great movewise than by labour and economy, do not listen to ment. They alleged that he was addicted to the him; he deceives you."
pleasures of the table; the fact was, that he had not dined for ten years together. They said that he was
avaricious—amassing wealth; the fact was, he was DID CALVIN CHANGE HIS RELIGIOUS noted for his disinterestedness. His salary was only VIEWS ON HIS DEATH-BED?
a hundred crowns; his whole property, including
his books, did not exceed three hundred. They asTO THE EDITOR OF THE FREE CHURCH MAGAZINE,
serted that he died a shocking death, indicative of SIR, -A correspondent, who is thrown a good deal | divine judgment, and that he was buried in a hurry into the society of the semi-Pelagians of the day, writes to hide a spectacle of horror; the truth was, that he me, in connexion with the little work which I re. died calmly and serenely in his bed, amid the uttercently published on The Old Orthodox Faith Supe. ances of the most elevated devotion, and that an early rior to Modern Opinions,” that a very common refuge interment was occasioned by the earnest curiosity of of the party, when pushed in conversation with Cal. all classes, high and low, to gaze on the countenance vinistic, or rather scriptural, doctrine on the atone of the divine of the Reformation and the patriot of ment of Christ, is, that the reformer changed his Geneva;, and by the anxiety of surviving friends to views on these points on his death-bed, and passed follow out his own wishes to avoid idle show and magover to the camp of universal redemption. He adds, nificence, and all approach to creature idolatry. If that this plea has been repeatedly published in the opponents have been so iniserably at fault in all these writings of the party.
general charges against Calvin, is it likely that they Though the very novelty of the allegation might will be right in the present instance? Is the presumpalmost excuse one giving heed to it-constituting tion not rather a probable one, that this is of a piece itself an evidence against it-yet, considering what is with all the falsehoods which have gone before ? It is due to the memory of one of the noblest champions almost incredible what reports were circulated to the of the truth of God who ever lived, the importance disadvantage of the reformer. An account of the of the doctrine which is at stake, both in its direct death of Luther under visible tokens of divine judgand indirect bearings, and the absence of opportu- ment was printed and circulated in Italy a year benity on the part of many who are assailed with error fore his death! Having reached the reformer, he to investigate and satisfy themselves, we have thought republished it with a preface, of which the following is that it would not be unsuitable shortly to examine the first sentence : “ I, Doctor Martin Luther, testify the point that in doing so we might be rendering under my hand, that I have received this extravagant some little service to the cause of truth-might be fiction, this 21st day of March, and read it with great confirming, even where we could not hope to re- pleasure--except for the abominable lies against the claim.
Divine Majesty which it contains.” It is no matter I presume it is not needful to apprize the reader of wonder, therefore, to meet with varied charges that though I thus step forward to vindicate the me against the reformer. In this respect the servant is mory of Calvin, I do not receive the orthodox faith but treading in the footsteps of the Master, and of in any of its parts on his authority; I rest on a fellow-servants in earlier times. stronger, even a divine foundation. At the same But passing from general presumptions, let us notime, I attach a high importance to his judgment as tice a few points in regard to the particular charge an interpreter of Scripture. And when his autho- now preferred against Calvin. Of course, the parties rity is pleaded against a Scripture doctrine, I deem who allege that there was change of doctrinal senit not only fair, but of some consequence, to be able timent, do not view it in the light of an accusationto show that that pleading is mistaken and mis- they rejoice in it as a happiness—they account it placed.
a coming to the truth; but supposing it to be false, It may be noticed, as a general presumption against the reformer would have regarded it himself as an the charge of doctrinal change attributed to the re- injurious accusation, and there is no doubt that it is former of Geneva, that, like his lcading brethren of fitted to weaken his influence with posterity. A dethe Reformation, he was the object of innumerable cided change on an important article of a man's creed imputations, altogether unfounded. The Church of at the very close of life, after powerfully maintaining Rome felt his weight, and knew no better way of the contrary through a life time, naturally shakes geneweakening his influence, and that of the cause which ral confidence, and awakens the imputation of vacillahe so powerfully advocated, than by starting a mul- tion—if it do not expose to the charge of inconsis. titude of charges disparaging to his character and I tency an:l apostasy. "The allegation, then, under dis