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so much as a chair of Church history, but rather of historical “ The Report recommends the entire abolition of partial and polemical theology, the prelections consisting of a sur- sessions; and suggests that the particular cases to which vey of the most important theological controversies that have the Church might think proper to extend indulgence, should divided the Church, while provision was made by examina- be provided for otherwise than by countenancing or sanction upon a text-book, that the students attending the class tioning any longer the fiction of a partial attendance. The should acquire a knowledge of general Church history. The returns from presbyteries generally sanction this recomReport recommended that this class should be attended by the mendation, though two or three express a doubt whether students during the last two years of their curriculum—the partial sessions should be entirely abolished. A suggestion professor, of course, having separate classes for third and has been made upon this subject by the Presbytery of Edinfourth year's students. The Committee are now rather dis- burgh, of which the Committee on the whole approve, and posed to recommend that this class should be attended during which they would recommend to the favourable considerathe second and third years of the curriculum, partly because tion of the Assembly. But they would strongly urge upon Fould harmonize fully as well with the other studies of these the Assembly rather to abolish partial attendance altogeyears, and partly because it is rather desirable to lighten, if ther, than to sanction it unaccompanied with these indispossible, the prescribed work of the last session, in order that pensable conditions. 1st, That permission be obtained from the students, before quitting the Hall,' may have some time at a general board, before whom all applications for exemptheir disposal for repairing omissions or supplying deficiencies tion shall come. 2d, That subjects and books for study be in their previous studies.

presented to those who are exempted, and that they be "* There is one other topic to which the Committee would regularly examined upon them. And 3d, That two years advert, in connexion with the theological curriculum, and that be required for each one of regular attendance omitted. is the chair of natural science. The recommendation upon “ The General Assembly will see that these proposals are this point in the Report was, that the Church should exact, as in substantial accordance with the recommendations of the part of the curriculum, one year of attendance upon this class, Report which has been already approved of in general; that but without specifying what year, or whether it should be they do not involve the appointment of a larger staff of previous to their entrance into the Hall, or during the course professors than was then contemplated and provided for; of their theological studies. Of the returns received from and that the adoption of them will impose no additional presbyteries, three disapprove of this class altogether, three expense upon the Church, except the salaries of Hebrew more of its being made imperative, and two more disapprove tutors--an expense to be incurred by providing for an object of its being imperative, except as a class of natural theology; which is manifestly indispensable, and which, when obtained, while a larger number than all these put together, viz., ten, will render it practicable to give to the study of the whole by approving of the whole curriculum, give their sanction to Word of God in the original the place which its paramount one year's attendance upon this class being exacted as a part importance demands. They cannot venture, indeed, in the of the curriculum. The Committee would recommend to the present state of the funds, to recommend any increase of Assembly, not only that a year's attendance upon this class expenses whatever for College purposes, and they think a should be made imperative, as was proposed in the former good deal may be done in Edinburgh to promote an earlier Report, but that the particular year should be specified. And and fuller acquisition of a knowledge of Hebrew by the they are disposed, upon the whole, to recommend that the existing agency. The Committee do not think it needful students should be required to attend it during the first year to say anything in the way of urging upon the Church the of their theological studies. The grounds of this recommen- importance of a fully equipped theological institute; and dation are chiefly these—That there is no class similar to this, they do not see that a theological institute, adapted to the or serving the same purpose, at any of the existing universi- necessities and demands of the age, can be maintained withties; that the Assembly, at the institution of this chair, en- out some such arrangements as those which have been dejoined that the arrangements connected with it “ should be scribed. such as to make it as useful as possible to theological students;" “ The Report given in to the Assembly of 1846, recomand that its instructions are intimately connected with the mended that the students in the Faculty of Arts attending study of natural theology, and with some branches of the evi- the University of Edinburgh should be required to attend dences of revelation.

the class of moral philosophy which had been established " In connexion with this class, several presbyteries recom- in the New College. A majority of the presbyteries which mend, that while attendance upon it for one session should be have sent in returns upon the curriculum have approved of Tequired, no additional fee should in consequence be exacted this recommendation, though a number nearly equal disapfrom the students; and this leads the Committee to advert to prove of attendance upon this class being made imperative. the subject of fees in general. The fee at present paid for at- The Report of 1846 merely intimated the appointment of tendauce upon each of the theological classes is £2, 5s., and a professor of logic, but did not contain any formal recomthe Committee are of opinion, from all they know of the cir- mendation as to attendance upon the class. The same princumstances of many of the students, that the fees should not ciples, however, manifestly apply to both these classes, and be increased, but rather diminished.' They would recommend the Committee would now recommend that attendance on 23 an arrangement upon this point decidedly preferable in both of these classes

should be required of all students for many respects to that which at present obtains, that instead of the ministry of the Free Church whose curriculum of litethe students paying a separate fee to each professor whom rature and philosophy is prosecuted in Edinburgh, it being they may choose to attend in any particular

session—this being reserved to the Senatus Academicus to admit into the Hali at present, to some extent optional—the Church should first students who have not attended these classes, when they prescribe what particular classes the students must attend in

It is intended that two hours a-day should be each session of their theological course, and then exact a general devoted to each of these classes as well

as the theological fee for the session,

which would go at once to the College ones, so soon as there is accommodation that admits of it. funds, instead of being paid to each professor. This, besides The Committee think it right to state their growing conmany other advantages, would afford an opportunity of lower- viction of the importance of these essential departments of ing the amount of fees, if the Assembly should think this a study being conducted by men in whose Christian character

and soundness of principle the Church has had the fullest " According to the scheme now proposed, the following will confidence; and they consider themselves abundantly warbe the amount of College attendance by theological students ranted in saying, that there are already satisfactory eviduring each year of their curriculum :

dences that the students of the Free Church have derived " Let Year. - 1. Systematic Theology; 2. Class of Exegetical most important advantages from the establishment of these Theology, for the Greek Testament; 3. Natural Science, and two chairs. Hebrew under tutors.

" There are several other important subjects connected 21 Year.- 1. Systematic Theology; 2. Class of Exegetical with theological education, some of them suggested by Theology, and for the Hebrew Bible; 3. Historical and the returns sent up by presbyteries, which the Committee

regard as deserving and demanding the serious attention of ** 31 Year.-). Systematic Theology; 2. Class of Exegetical the Church, but on which they cannot now enlarge, and partly Hebrew and partly Greek; and 3. Historical and with respect to which they are not at present prepared to

make a specific proposal. They are such subjects as these: 4th Year.- 1. Systematic Theology; and, 2. Class of Exe- The length of the session; the visitation of the Divinity

Hall, and the inspection of its business by the authority of

see cause.

desirable object.

Polemical Theology

Polemical Theology:

getical do.

the Church; the extent to which, and the mode in which, he went to Florence, and preached in the Swiss church, and the Church can and should afford assistance to young men administered the sacrament. He left this, on his way to in the prosecution of their studies for the ministry, viewed Malta, last week; and his visit, while it has done good in the especially in connexion with the object of securing to them way of confirming inquirers, and stirring up others to think, necessary time and leisure for the study of theology in its has been of especial benefit, as showing that personal liberty leading departments; and lastly, the all-important subject at least is secured under the new constitution.” of the provision which the Church ought to make for satis- The Committee, also, during the last year, saw it to be fying herself that those whom she ordains to the ministry their duty to make a grant of £500 in aid of the Free of the gospel are indeed faithful or believing men, who Church of the Canton de Vaud. The Assembly will recolhave experienced the enlightening and regenerating grace lect that at the time when the Disruption in that Canton of the Holy Spirit. Some of these are subjects of at once took place, about two and a half years ago, this Church was great importance and great difficulty, which the Church prepared, had it been thought desirable, to make an effort ought seriously and deliberately to consider; and in the to assist our friends with the means of maintaining divine consideration of which she will greatly need that wisdom ordinances in their new position; but our friends were dewhich is profitable to direct, and which God is ever ready sirous, in the first instance, to try what they could do withto give, and to give without upbraiding.'

out extrinsic aid, and to do all that was possible in the way It was agreed that the Report should be fully considered of drawing forth the liberalities of those who adhered to on Wednesday.

them. Therefore our brethren, in the same spirit of devoCONTINENTAL COMMITTEE.

tion, in the same disinterested and magnanimous spirit Mr Gray of Perth (in the absence of Mr Lorimer of which they displayed at the Disruption itself, thought it Glasgow) gave in the Report of this Committee. He best that we should delay, in the meantime, any proceedstated numerous particulars of great interest. The Com- ings of that nature. But the time has now come when it is mittee employed, or at all events paid for, the services of found to be desirable that we should stretch out our hand, several colporteurs, of whom one was now in Belgium, and as a sister Church, to our brethren under their increasing several in France, who made reports to the Committee afflictions. The persecution there, as is well known to this from time to time. These are under the superintendence, Church, has waxed hotter and hotter. The enemies of the not of the Committee, but of societies on the Continent. gospel have become more and more exasperated against the It was impossible for the Committee to exercise such a truth, and against its noble champions. They have not superintendence; but they regularly received reports of been mollified by the cheerful sacrifice made of their what was done. The Committee had also assisted the emoluments by their brethren of the Free Church in the Toulouse Book Society, a very valuable institution, and one Canton de Vaud; and perhaps our own experience enables of great importance to the Evangelical cause on the Con. us to regard that fact without astonishment. The persecutinent, with a donation of £100. The Belgian Evangelical tion, I say, has grown hotter in this case; and to bring an Society was also an institution with which the Committee example before your eyes of the extremity to which that had corresponded and co-operated. They had also assisted persecution has gone, I beg at once 'to inform the Assemthis Society in their operations for the spread of the gospel bly, that on the platform beside me there is a banished in Belgium; and they had done wbat they could to assist minister of the Free Church of the Canton de Vaud. I the Evangelical Society of Paris. The Committee had it have directed attention to this case, not only because the not in their power to do much last year in Italy in the way Committee, in the discharge of their duty, have to report of assisting in the publication of Evangelical works in that their proceedings, but because the Committee have further country. A letter from Mr Stewart of Leghorn, received to state to the Assembly, that they have now ascertained that day, contained the latest intelligence from Tuscany, that the time is come when the long-promised and intended and would be listened to, Mr Gray had no doubt, with great effort on behalf of the Free Church of the Canton de Vaud interest by the Assembly :

will require to be made by the Free Church of Scotland. “ Here we have had an opportunity lately of testing our The time, I say, has now come for the collection which we exTuscan constitution. Dr Desanctis, a converted priest of pressed ourselves willing to make about two and a half years Rome, now residing with Dr Achillí at Malta, came here ago; and I believe it will be found that time has neither on a mission about the beginning of April, ready and will- cooled the interest of the parties or people of this Church ing to preach the gospel wherever an opportunity might that time has not abated our interest in any respect whatoffer. I knew him well by character, and resolved that the ever in our little sister Church in Switzerland, and that we opportunity should not be wanting. I asked him to preach are prepared to make common cause with her, to do what to my own congregation in Italian (he can't speak English) we can for her relief. on the Sabbath evening of our sacrament; and he did so, to Messrs Anet of Brussels, Audebez of Paris, Scholl of our great delight. He is a most eloquent, able, and faith- Lausanne, and La Harpe of Geneva, then addressed the ful minister; and we had the joy of feeling that the Lord Assembly. We can afford room only for a portion of the had made use of the mission station of the Free Church of address of Mr Scholl:Scotland, that in its church the gospel might be proclaimed “ Though I have been kindly invited by the Continental by an Italian priest, in his own language, to many of his Committee of the Free Church to attend'this meeting, and own countrymen, for the first time for upwards of two cen- though I have been accredited by the Synodal Commission turies, since the light of the Reformation was extinguished of the Free Church of Vaud, I do feel very unworthy to by fire and sword. This is surely an answer to our prayers, appear before this great Assembly, and very unequal to the and I trust it will excite in the Church at home a deeper | task that is before me. But I am supported under this interest both in this station and in this country panting for sense of my inability, by the feeling that the cause of Free regeneration!

Churches is so good, so great, so sacred a cause, that it has “A deputation of the young men of the congregation no need of a powerful advocate. The cause itself supports were delighted; they begged him to preach again, which he the advocate. I am also supported by the persuasion that did on a week evening, as faithfully, but a little less guard- I am addressing those who are quite convinced of its deep edly than before. On the first occasion about twenty, on importance and real excellence; indeed, who are its best the second about eighty Italians were present. Some were friends. The cause of Free Churches has an echo in every much pleased, others were very angry, as his subject con- heart and conscience here. The more I think of it, the demned their innumerable mediators, with the Madonna at more I see that our cause-I mean the cause of our two their head. The priests got greatly excited about it, and Churches—is one. Not that I would for a moment comactually proposed publishing a håndbill, exhorting the pare our weak infant Church of Vaud with your own great people to drive him out of the city. They summoned our Free Church. I look upon the Free Church of Scotland beadle (an Italian) before them, to give them a full account as upon a fine well-built and well-manned ship, riding maof all that had gone on; but we have not been troubled jestically over the blue waters of the ocean; while our about it. Indeed, I took special care to ask him to preach young and feeble Church is like a small boat following at to my own congregation, that I might be able to declare a great distance, and tossed to and fro by incessant storms this to the authorities, if called in question; and I am not and threatening, waves. But notwithstanding this great bound to turn Italians out of our church if they choose to difference, I believe that both the great ship and the small come there. Another Sabbath he spent in Lucca, and boat are under the me goc and great Pilot; they have preached twice there to about twenty people; after which both, one after another, emerged out of the same waters of conscience-enslaving Rationalism; they are both sailing un- for our best, our dearest friends and supporters, chiefly der the same heavenly breeze, and tending to the same because you have been to us most persevering and indefatiblessed haven. They are both fighting, as if it were for their gable friends. At every time of need, at every new storm, Fery existence, in the same good and great cause--that of you have been ready to extend to us the hand of fellowship, the complete independence of the Church in matters spiri- | in a variety of ways, too numerous to be mentioned here. tranl. It is true that enormities were asked of us, in point | Your sympathy has not been that of a moment. You have of concessions to the State and abdication of our spiritual never forgotten, never deserted us. It has done us more freedom; while you will allow that comparatively small good than it would be in my power to mention here. We encroachments upon your spiritual independence were at- bless you, and we pray God to bless you for it. Indeed, tempted against you, free men of Scotland. But this is not though we are deeply thankful for all the testimonies of a question of degrees; it is altogether a question of prin your sympathy, we do not wonder at them. You are so ciple. The plain question is this Is the Church of Christ richly favoured with religious privileges, and with the to submit, in matters purely spiritual, to the interference of fullest religious liberty, that you can and must feel much any power, stranger to the Church, and which can be, and for those who, like us, are more or less deprived of those is very often, not only indifferent, but hostile, to its best precious boons of heaven which you enjoy so plentifully. interests, and to its great inission upon earth? Scripture, It is therefore with full confidence in the bonds of Christian conscience, and good sense, tell us at once the Church is love that exist between us, that, thanking you for all the not to submit to any such interference. It ought not, it past, I commend our poor afflicted Church' to your persecannot, it must not. The charter of all Free Churches-to vering brotherly affection, and, above all, to your persevering which they must be entirely faithful-is, Render unto prayers. We never needed them more than at the present Cæsar that which is Cæsar's, and unto God that which is critical time. Now, Moderator, one word about our prosGod's.' Nothing that is God's must be given to Cæsar. pects, and I have done. As far as we'look to man, and to If it were a question of expediency, we might reason and passing events, and to present circumstances, our prospects argue upon the greatness or smallness of the

encroachments are, if not very dark, at least very obscure, very uncertain, attempted upon the spiritual freedom of the Church. But and, to some extent, very threatening. Hostility, instead when a great principle, like that of the spiritual indepen- of relaxing, seems to increase; so that, in our country, we dence of the Church, is involved, threatened, compromised, have little to hope frora men. But it is one of the benefits there is no reasoning and arguing against it; we must sub- of our situation, that it has long ago taken away from us all mit to the authority of a clear, decided, and positive prin- human props, and constrained us to look up simply, entirely, ciple; we must how to it, and reject all improper inter- continually, for help, support, and deliverance, to God ference, from whatever quarter it may come. Whatever alone. I trust to his mighty grace, that He will make us you grant to the State which does not belong to it, is so to continue to look up to Him, who alone can and will much taken from the crown and authority of the great deliver us, when it seemeth good unto Him, and will till Head of the Church. It is a case where we can, I think, then give us to cast all our care upon Him, to overcome apply justly the saying of our Saviour, 'He that is unjust both our outward and our inward difficulties. Among these in the least is unjust also in much.' Can anything be called let me just mention, in conclusion, that our finances are small which deprives the great Head of the Church, in very low. But it is not to be wondered at; the general any direction, of his absolute sovereignty and government state of our country is not favourable at present to money of his own Church? I think not.”

collections; and, besides, our Free Church, which is comMr Scholl then gave a lengthened and interesting account posed of thirty-seven churches, which has forty-two pastors of the history and present condition and trials of the Free to provide for, numbers, comparatively to other churches, a Church of Vaud. He intimated that already four pastors very small number of members. In order, therefore, to had been banished from their flocks:

provide for the wants of such a Church, they should make : "I am one of them. On the 22d of May, the day be- extraordinary efforts, of which they are hardly capable now. fore Easter, I was worshipping, with about thirty people But the smallness of our Church does not diminish the in the house of Madame Vinet, the wife of the cele importance of keeping it up. It is a witnessing Church. brated professor. The meeting was found out, denounc- It is a leavening Church. I thank you for patient hearing; ed, and dissolved by the police. Eight days after I re- and pray the Lord to bless more and more the Free Church ceived my sentence of relegation to the place to which of Scotland." I belong-an Alpine country. I hold the said sentence Dr Candlish then addressed the Assembly in eloquent in my hand; besides which, both Madame Vinet and my- and stirring terms:-“We are very emphatically reminded self were banded over to the tribunal of police of Lau- to-night of the two-fold position of our Church, as part of sanne, as having contravened the interdict-myself by of- the Church catholic, and as a testifying Church in partificiating, and she by lending the house of prayer. A little cular. We have here representatives from many of the more than a fortnight ago we appeared, and were fined each soundest portions of the Protestant Church abroad; and we three pounds for our offence. This was the first time that have been addressed, in broken terms it may be, but yet Government instituted proceedings before a tribunal under terms which all the more come home to our hearts. We the interdicts; and there was a most providential coinci- have been addressed by brethren from Belgium, from dence during that week, with events full of the most pain- Switzerland, and France, from Geneva, Paris, and the fal recollections for Madame Vinet. The day the meeting Canton de Vaud. We have been reminded of the vast rewas dissolved in her house was the day when her dear and sponsibility lying upon us as a Church, especially in these venerated husband left his town dwelling for the country, times. It has often struck me as remarkable, since these Dever to return to it; the day she received the warrant to movements began on the Continent, and more particularly appear before our judges was the day of her husband's since the effects of these movements on the Protestant death; and the day of judgment the day of her husband's Church on the Continent began to be manifested, that funeral;-so that that dear friend of mine has been the surely there was something providential in the position first female in our Canton called to suffer for that cause of which the Free Church is now called to occupy in refereligious liberty to which Professor Vinet devoted his in- rence to the Protestant Churches of Europe. These valuable life. Such, Moderater, are some of the outward Churches on the Continent--the daughters of the Reformadifficulties and dangers by which our faithfulness is tried." tion--may be said almost to be in a state of fusion. In He concluded thus:-

France—Í suppose I am right in saying so-in Prussia, "Small, unworthy, as we are, we have received, from all and elsewhere, we see the Churches of the Continent parts of the world, testimonies of love, approbation, sym- thrown upon their original principles, and called to delipathy, which have at times greatly comforted and supported berate, not on matters of mere routine or administration, 12. From Calcutta, from Bengal, from England (where but virtually on the re-organization of the Protestant 480 ministers of the Establishment wrote to us an Church on the Continent. We cannot but be struck with encouraging letter), from all parts of Germany and Switzer- the fact, that we have been addressed to-night by a broland, from many Churches of France, from the National ther from the Canton de Vaud, who tells us that the last Church of Scotland, who sent us many letters and a time he was in Edinburgh he was present in the General generous pecuniary aid for the demissionary pastors, we Assembly to witness the deposition of the seven Strathhave received favours, for which we are deeply thankful. bogie ministers. And going beyond the range of the breBut it is you members of the Free Church that we count thren who have addressed us to-night, we cannot forget that one brother has been called, as we have been recently present circumstances to the Continent. I cannot but advert informed, to take an influential part in the councils of to the close connexion which exists between us and one of Prussia in reference to the Church of that country, who the brethren who has addressed us. We have been solemnly was with us several years before the Disruption-I mean reminded to-night as a branch of the Church catholic. We Mr Sydow, who so ably vindicated, in a work on the sub- have been also reminded of our peculiar position as the Free ject, the principles of the Free Church. Taking a view of Church of Scotland, emancipated, by the blessing of God, these things, I am sometimes inclined to think, that our from Erastian thraldom, and free to serve the Lord Jesus Church at this moment is called upon to lift up a standard Christ, and at liberty to follow out fully all the dictates of in the sight of all European Christendom-of all the God's Word. I feel confident that many of us cannot but daughters of the Reformation-of all the Churches of Pro- have been humbled by what we have heard from our brother, testantism, It has pleased God to signalize the Free Mr Scholl. We have been apt to speak a great deal of ourChurch of Scotland--and I say not this in a spirit of boast- selves--to speak of our sufferings and we have suffered-by ing, but rather under a deep feeling of responsibility-by our separation from the Establishment; and it is an interesting making that Church the depository of a larger measure of thing to trace the exact correspondence between the sufferings scriptural principles than any other Protestant Church in we have endured, and those of our brethren in the Canton de the world; and we cannot but be struck with the fact, that Vaud. If they have been charged with seeking political ends, God led us into the position we now occupy, immediately so have we. If they have been debarred from the free worbefore these convulsions and changes began, which appear ship of God, so have we. If they have been calumniated in to be resolving the Protestant Churches of Europe into their characters, so have we. But there is no comparison, in their elements. We have been brought into a position in point of degree, between our sufferings and those of our which we were led to adopt the title of the Free Church of brethren. God has blessed us with the fullest and freest tole. Scotland, rejoicing in our freedom, yet without, in one ration. The denial of our rights and privileges is with us the single particular, or by a hair's-breadth, deviating from exception, not the rule; but when we hear of the sufferings of our alliance to our sovereign Lord and Saviour Jesus the brethren in the Canton de Vaud, and hear them spoken of, Christ, and our attachment to the old Standards of the as to-night we have heard without exaggeration-without even Church of our fathers. We cannot shut our eyes to the emphasis—with so much calmness, so much meekness, so risk and danger, it may be, on the Continent of Europe, to much moderation- I think we may learn a lesson, if the Lord Churches unaccustomed to liberty--not familiar, as we give us grace to profit by such an example. Our brother, Mr have been for a long time, with freedom of internal admi- Scholl, was introduced to us—he introduced himself as a banistration, and familiar with the benefits of creeds and nished man—as a man now lying under sentence of banishconfessions such as ours—Churches which have lost the ment to his native parish; and he has most affectingly deexercise and power of discipline, having been under Eras-tailed the recent incidert of his being called, along with the tian fetters and restrictions. When such Churches sud- widow of Vinet, before the commission of police. I will read denly regain their freedom, I cannot shut my eyes to the to you the sentence of banishment. The sentence in reference risk they incur of departing from the old rallying ground to the fine is longer, and I will not read it, more particularly of the Reformation. And it would be a noble thing in as Mr Scholl has permitted me to retain it for the use of the this General Assembly, meeting now for the first time Church. But the other sentence I may translate as follows: after these convulsions began, and privileged with the pre- The Prefect of the district of Lausanne, to M. Scholl, demissence of so many representatives of foreign Churches as sionary minister. I have the honour to inform you-(the we are to-night, if we were not only to express our cordial civility is great, the courtesy extreme]—I have the honour to sympathy with our brethren, as I trust we shall do, but to inform you, that the Council of State has decided upon your give forth some emphatic, distinct, and clear sound-lift | immediate return to your birth-place, according to the serenth up some standard which might tend to rally the fragments article of the decree of the 28th of March, in reference to reliof the Reformation in the Continental Churches. The Re- gious assemblies beyond the pale of the National Church. formation Church on the Continent is more nearly one in This measure has been resolved upon, because on the 23d of all its branches than perhaps the Church ever was at any April you officiated in a religious meeting of the kind prohiperiod of its history since Christianity came into the world; bited by the decree above mentioned. You are in consequence and it would be a noble thing if we could be instrumental | informed or warned, that a period of six days is allowed to in giving forth some battle-cry which would encourage our you to betake yourself to your commune. If you do not combrethren on the Continent to make use of their freedomply with this invitation (invitation is the word] it will be for the purpose of seeking out and taking their stand upon necessary to adopt ulterior measures to constrain you.I have the old paths on which the Reformers took their stand. the honour to be,' &c. It is thus, with all possible civility, Now, I am not disposed to think we can possibly discharge that the sentence is communicated to our brother, Mr Scholl. our duty to the Continent at large-I do not speak of the When I call to mind the scene which he has so touchingly nations, but the Protestant Churches of the Continent-by brought before us, and remember who the lady was who stood any thing we can do to-night; but I do not despair of the beside him in that police-office-for it was just a policeAssembly being led, before it rises, to the adoption of some office-when I call to mind who was his fellow-sufferer solemn act—to the placing upon its record some declara- then, and is his fellow-sufferer now as being subject to the tion expressive of its sentiments in regard to the position fine—the widow of the man who was called, and deservedly of the Protestant Churches on the Continent-setting forth called, the Chalmers of Switzerland—when I think of such somewhat of the historical connexion between the Churches indignities as these of the wrong and contumely inflicted of the Continent and the Free Church of Scotland, bring- on the widow of a man of whom all Switzerland might be ing out emphatically the entire consistency of freedom proud, and to whose family all Switzerland might rejoice from Erastian domination, and subjection to the Protestant to do honour-I say I cannot but mourn over the degrastandards of the Reformation, and lifting up a testimony in dation of religion in that unhappy land. Perhaps the delifavour of those glorious old confessions which once so verance of the General Assembly may be to express our nearly united the Churches in former times—the barmony satisfaction with the statements which have been addressed to of the Protestant confessions having been thus more us by the brethren from the Continental Churches, and our than once vindicated from the false allegations of the earnest sympathy with the objects and plans of usefulness Papacy. It would indeed be a melancholy result of the brought before us; and, perhaps, that you, sir, be requested present movements should we now lose the benefit of to acknowledge, in the ordinary way, the kindness of the the harmony of the Protestant confessions. We would re- brethren in visiting and addressing the Assembly; and I joice if we were enabled—and I would not wonder if God would further propose, that we should this night, before we had brought us to this hour for such an end—to give some separate, if it be the mind of the Assembly, resume the purtestimony from our elevated position in the eyes of Christen- pose, the solemn purpose formed long ago by this Church, in dom, in favour of the great Protestant principle of the har. reference to giving a substantial token of our sympathy with mony of confessions, and the importance of combining the the persecuted Church in the Canton de Vaud. At the period most entire freedom with the humblest subjection, in every of their Disruption, when they were driven from their charges particular, to the mind and will of God revealed in his holy by their persecutors, it was the earnest purpose of the Free Word. I allude to this, perhaps, a little out of order, to sug- Church to manifest its sympathy by a substantial token; but gest whether the General Assembly, before it dissolves, might we were then informed by our brethren themselves, that the not do something in the way of discharging the duty it owes in most friendly act we could do was to abstain from making any collection for them till a more necessitous time should dressed the deputies, expressing the satisfaction of the Asarrive. That time has now arrived. Two years and a-half sembly at their presence, and the gratification derived from have now elapsed, during which they have made marvellous their addresses. “ We are keenly alive," he said, “ to the exertions for themselves in their small community. But they interesting condition of the Continent of Europe at this are now brought into circumstances in which we are loudly time, and to the loud call addressed to us to exert ourselves called upon to make good our pledge. I cannot doubt that amidst the shaking of the nations, to do what we can, by our people will heartily rejoice in having the opportunity of the blessing of God, for the advancement of the Redeemer's manifesting their sympathy for their suffering brethren by a kingdom; and I trust that these exertions will not be substantial token. The Continental Committee, as you have awanting: You cannot, dear brethren, be ignorant of the heard from the Report, has advanced £500 in anticipation of comparative infancy of this Church, and of its limited rea general collection being made. But this is a mere trifle sources, seeing that it has so recently renounced its connexcompared to the urgency of the case. I do not wish to inter- ion with the State. We cannot, therefore, do all that we fere with any arrangements as to the collections for the year,could wish to undertake; yet I may say that our desire is wbich will be brought before you in the Report of the Com- to be honoured to be fellow-workers with you on the Conmittee on the collections for the Schemes. But I do think we tinent. I am especially gratified, my dear friend, Mr Scholl, are in circumstances to-night for fulfilling the pledge which at seeing you in our Assembly. I have myself been an ve formerly gave; and I cannot believe that our doing so will eye-witness of some of the dark scenes to which you have be misinterpreted by any one as interfering with the general alluded. You have said that there are tokens for good in collections for the year."

the midst of all your trials. God wisely afflicts his own Mr A. Dunlop, advocate, said he thought they were called children that he may sanctify them. It was said to me on with a loud voice to take advantage of the open door in the Canton de Vaud that we had historical recollections which the shaking of the nations was presenting to them to in this country to encourage us which they did not possesą. exert themselves in the evangelization of the Continent, I said to them, if you have not the history which we have, and more particularly to respond with heart and hand to you are making a history for yourselves; and I do trust the call now made on them from the Canton de Vaud. To what you are now doing and suffering may lay the foundathat Church they stood in a peculiar relation. They were tion of lasting benefits to future times. sailing on the same voyage, and under the same pilotage; and the only difference between them was, that our brethren

TUESDAY-MAY 23. in the Canton de Vaud were exposed to storms from which Dr Begg gave in the Report of the Building Committee.. we were entirely free. He felt, with Dr Candlish, that it The lamented death of Mr Hamilton, the previous Conimpressed one with a sense of humiliation to think of what vener, was first adverted to. He intimated that the whole we had said about our sufferings in this country as compared revenue for the year amounted to little more than £1100; with the example of humble and patient resignation wbich | whereas demands were made upon them to the extent of they had witnessed this evening. Even if we could not £10,000, and urged the imperative necessity of making the sympathize with their sufferings, these statements touch a Building Fund one of their most liberally supported schemes, chord in our old associations; for every one of the evils they so that their poorer congregations might be furnished with are now suffering, even to the minutest particulars, was comfortable places of worship. He also adverted at conexperienced by our forefathers, only the latter were not so siderable length to the necessity of some arrangement being, smooth and polite, but more manly, rough, and like the made for placing the title-deeds of the various churches on thing. They were inflicted by a despotic monarch in a a safe and satisfactory footing. despotic way--roughly trampling on the liberties of his After a conversation, in which Mr Dunlop, Mr Gibson, people, while here the persecution is inflicted under the and Dr Candlish took part, the following deliverance was name of “Liberté et Patrie!” These things being now come to: done under the name of liberty which the tyrants of former “ The Assembly approve of the Report, express their days did in the name of determined despotism.

deep and solemn sense of the dispensation of Divine ProThe following is the deliverance of the Assembly :- vidence, which has removed from the Church on earth the

“The General Assembly having heard their brethren late respected Convener of the Committee, whose valuable from the Continent, express the satisfaction which they services in the great work of the erection of places of worhave experienced by their presence, and in hearing from ship for the congregations of this Church, they hereby rethem the interesting statements which they have made of cord with thankfulness to Him whose servant he was, and the condition of the Continental countries, in reference, whose cause he delighted to promote. The Assembly inmore particularly, to the events which have recently oc- struct the Committee to communicate with such other noncurred, and their probable bearing on the advancement of established bodies as may be interested in obtaining an the cause of Christ. And the Assembly express their ear- alteration of the law, to do away with the necessity of the. nest desire for the continued success of the Evangelical renewal of the investiture of places of worship on the Societies of Belgium, France, and Geneva, through whose death or failure of the trustees originally named, and to. efforts so much has already, by the divine blessing, been co-operate with such bodies in obtaining the passing of an accomplished for the spread of gospel truth, and their Act of Parliament for that purpose. The Assembly comanxiety to help forward their brethren in the good work of mend the important object of the Building Committee to the Lord by every means in their power.

the liberality of the congregations of the Church; and “ The General Assembly desire especially to renew their further, the Assembly re-appoint the Committee, with Dr expressions of affection for their brethren of the Free | Begg as their Convener. Church of the Canton de Vaud, and to sympathize with DEPUTATION FROM THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF IRELAND. them under the heavy trials to which they are still subject- Mr William Macfie stated, that, along with Mr Moody ed, driven, as M. Scholl and many of his brethren in the Stuart and Mr Campbell of Melrose, he had attended the ministry have been, from their beloved and attached flocks late meeting of the General Assembly of the Irish Presby a persecuting law, which permits not the worship of byterian Church as a deputation from that Assembly, and God, excepting in connexion with the Church of the State. had been been received with Christian kindness.

“ The General Assembly request their Moderator to re- The Clerk then read an extract from the minutes of the turn the thanks of the house to their respected brethren proceedings of the Irish Assembly on occasion of receiving who have now addressed them.

the deputation from the Free Church of Scotland; and the “ The Assembly approves of the Report of the Continen- Assembly's commission to the Rev. William Maclure (their tal Committee, which is hereby re-appointed with its for- Moderator), Professor Gibson, and the Rev. A. Henry, mer powers; and farther, the Assembly, feeling the obli- ministers; with John Boyd, Esq. M.P., Benjamin Digby, gations resting on this Church, to give a substantial ex- Esq., and Thomas Drury, Esq., elders, to appear as their preseion of their sympathy with the Church of the Canton deputies at this meeting of the General Assembly, was then de Vaud, resolve that a collection on behalf of their brethread. ren be made by the congregations of this Church, and ap- - Various members of the deputation addressed the Aspoint a committee to prepare an act thereanent; and the sembly, expressed the warm affectionate interest taken by said committee are requested to consider as to a suitable their Church in the welfare of the Free Church of Scottime for making the collection.”

land, and their gratitude for the aid hitherto afforded to The Moderator (who was imperfectly heard) then ad- | their home mission among the Irish Romanists.

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