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one of the few?-benefits as yet occasioned by the best foundation of hope for Italy has been laid. For third French Revolution.

years, opinions have been there in process of formaThe invasion of Austrian Italy presents Charles tion which tend to upheave the errors which press Albert in a new phase. His motives have not so fatally on the mind and soul of the Italians. In even yet been deciphered. Is he anxious to become other sections of the peninsula, the right in politics king of Italy? Has he an eye to a throne for and government may be comprehended by a few by one of his sons? Is it a mere passion for change? fits and starts, but in Tuscany there has been a more Is it the infectious influence of France? Or, to steady growth and more sure development of general construe his actions more favourably—is it really truth. On the whole, the Grand Duke has not been the love of Italy—a desire to see some of its most intensely hostile to this progress, while he has been fertile provinces, and morally best conditioned people, the decided friend of Art-witness his patronage of freed from a yoke under which they groan? If it be Rosellini, and his Egyptian discoveries. From time the latter, we can scarcely refrain from bidding him to time, indeed, he has attempted to repress it; urged God-speed, although his is not the mastery of mind on by the Jesuits, he has occasionally put forth a to sway, or the skilful policy to blend and harmonize | despot's hand to oppose the truth, and violate its the present disjecta membra of that “ land of the sun." rights. But his better nature has, on the whole,

Peschiera, which Charles Albert has so re- prevailed, and an amount of freedom has for some cently taken, does not indicate to a civilian that time been enjoyed by his subjects which has prepared strength and power of resistance which it has dis- the way for a large measure of profit from the late played in war. As a fortress, it is no doubt strong; and existing Italian commotions. The press is more and against the raw soldiery who have beleaguered free in Tuscany than elsewhere in Italy; mind is less it, Peschiera might long hold out. We apprehend, fettered; bigotry is less ascendant; inquiry is less however, that men of military mark will tell that the checked; and there is much to betoken both the impediment which it presented to the reviving libe- mildness of the ruler and the comparative freedom ralism of Charles Albert was occasioned as much by of the ruled. That kingdom has thus exerted a the feebleness of the assailants as by the strength powerful influence on the other Italian states, and of the citadel. We have wandered over both that of Leopold has had the skill to avoid the atrocities of Antwerp and of Peschiera, and should conclude that his brother-in-law of Naples on the one side, as well the reduction of the one were work for a grand army as the volatile and fitful changes of Charles Albert on --of the other, for a battalion or detachment. the other. Altogether, the Grand Duke of Tuscany

Altogether, the King of Sardinia, like the Pope, is appears just such a reformer as Italy requires. He one of the characters which the uncontrollable cur- is cautious and tardy, firm, without being dogged, rent of the events of our day has brought on the yielding, without being facile, leaving ignorance time public stage without any inherent claim to promi. to disappear, and truth time to take its place, ere imnence or greatness; and the mellowing effects of munities be bestowed on men incapable of enjoying time must fall on his character ere he can be them. With such changes, so introduced, we may thoroughly appreciated. The man who has passed hope anon to per saltum from bigotry and despotism to catholic

Cowls, boods, and habits, with their wearers, tost views and liberal opinions, can scarcely fail to be

And fluttered into rags-their reliques, beads, suspected of some sinister design.

Indulgences, dispenses, pardons, bulls, The Grand Duke of Tuscany is another of the

The sport of winds." crowned heads whom the past few months have made We might also take a glimpse at Otho I. of Greece prominent, or helped a considerable way on the road in this survey. . German as he is, he is more Italian to immortality. Leopold II., the reigning Duke, suc- in his aspect than any of his brother monarchs. ceeded his father Ferdinand III. in 1824. His present Though he knows too surely that uneasy lies the duchess is a sister to the King of Naples; so that Leo- head that wears a crown, he has accomplishments pold is more or less embarrassed from the south, as that would fit him for more peaceful scenes.

He well as from Austria, on the north. Of all the Conti- has encountered much since he and we were wont nental potentates, he is perhaps the most homely and to meet in quest of the same pleasure, from the same unpretending. He is, we think, in his fifty-first year; source—the study of ancient grandeur in ruins, with but his appearance would betoken a period of life all the solemn mementoes which it involves; and, considerably in advance of that. As he walks about we fear, that were we to express in a brief formula his palaces and gardens at Florence or Pisa, accom- the effects of those years, it would be, that Otho has panied as he generally is with only a single attendant, rather lowered royalty, than been exalted by it. In he might easily be mistaken for a plain and unas- truth, he was never designed to act the part that has suming contadino. He has nothing Italian in his been forced upon him; and though the toy, to which aspect; and it would be scarcely too severe to say so many have waded through blood, may have gratithat, in appearance, he is only an indifferent specimen fied his vanity, while it graced his brow, we are sure of royalty. Like our George III., Leopold is fond of that, with his natural susceptibilities, it must often farming. He has what we would call a model or have agonized his heart. The king of Greece is a experimental farn at a short distance from Pisa, sounding title, but, after all, it is too true that the where he has a palace. He employs camels as king of the Greeks is but the captain of a gang: beasts of burden there; and we have been privileged Principle is still a stranger among them, except to make a short voyage on one of Leopold's “ships as a kind of passion. They live amid the memories of the desert" across the plain of Pisa. It was of the past, sadly contrasted with the treacheries of something to be remembered with a pang; and if the the present. The boast of liberty has hitherto proved accommodation of travellers in the great desert, on but an empty name. They are ignorant of the dromedary or camel, be like ours, we marvel that truth-how can they, then, be free? any one of them ever escaped with life.

What does the Overruler design to evolve out of It is in Tuscany, the kingdoin of Leopold, that the the commotions which he is now employing to “ shake

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terribly the nations?" Is he to throw them forward, may be, the day will declare. But if there has been but one by detaching them from the grasp of grinding super

soul awakened from the security of nature, and brought to flee stition? or are they to collapse again into their former to Christ as the only hiding-place from the storm, and the degradation, and await some future throe? Is the only covert from the tempest, I will rejoice. There is joy in

heaven over one sinner that repenteth. The whole district, pantheism of Germany to blend with the communism

so far as I could discover, is very barren. I often thought of or Fourrierism of France--the chartism and socialism | Ezekiel's vision of the dry bones, and cried to the Lord that of England—the intoxication of Austria, at finding he would cause truth to enter them, that they might live. itself possessed of a liberty which it knows not how “I preached thirteen times in the open air. After the to enjoy-and, under their combined energies, is

sermon was over, I distributed some tracts, and spoke to the principle, as in the Vaud, to be proscribed through people as often as I could

about their souls. This gave me out Europe ? Or, is principle, by which we mean God's persons who had been hearing. Oh that the Lord may water truth, to ride majestically safe through the commo- abundantly his own precious seed, which has been scattered tion, like the ark amid the waters of the deluge? over this land! Oh that it may be found, when the records Man cannot tell. But the Lord reigneth; let the of eternity are opened, that this man and that man have been

born there! earth rejoice. The very wrath of man is sure at

“I met with several of God's children. From them I got last to praise Him.

an account of the spiritual state of this district. I was told that it was no better. Would that the Lord would stir us up.

Oh what a call is there for us who are ministers to preach for THE REV. DANIEL CORMICK OF

eternity! I fear, dear sir, that we have yet much to learn, KIRRIEMUIR.

ere we can say, as did Richard Baxter, 'I'd preach as though

I ne'er should preach again—a dying man to dying men.' The Disruption ministers are passing away. Bro- We remember reading, the last time we saw him, ther is fast following brother, to the saints' everlast- on the board of a volume of his manuscript sermons, ing rest. How loud the call to those who remain, the following striking words:-“May the Lord give that they be not slothful, but followers of them who, me light to see his truth--a heart to feel it--a tongue through faith and patience, are now inheriting the to speak it—and grace to practise it, in all my promises !

actions." The Rev. Daniel Cormick died at Kirriemuir, on Mr Cormick was singularly faithful, and, as might Tuesday, the 23d May, 1848. Taken away in the have been expected, greatly blessed, in his personal prime of his life and usefulness, we gladly embrace dealing with souls. Knowing well the heart's dethis opportunity of recording a few marks of a min-ceitfulness, he took nothing for granted, even in istry it were well to remember, as well as of bearing those whoin he believed to be children of God. a tribute of affection to a beloved friend.

On one occasion a man, whose hope at that time After assisting, for a time, the Rev. Mr Cairns, consisted merely in his knowledge, was speaking Cupar-Fife, Mr Cormick was ordained minister of fluently in Mr Cormick's presence about the doctrines the South Church, Kirriemuir, in 1839. His first of the gospel. Mr Cormick, turning to him, askedsermon, after his ordination, was preached from the “But, my friend, what has the gospel for you?” The words, “Be ye reconciled to God.” And from that man was so offended, that for long afterwards he day, till the day of his death, this was the sum of his could never hear Mr Cormick's name mentioned ministry. From the day of his ordination it was

without being angry. The question, however, had eminen tly true, that he desired to know nothing left a deep impression on his mind, and was the among his people but Jesus Christ, and him crucified. means of leading him to see that he was an unparIt was said by one whose house he often visited, that doned sinner, and that nothing but the blood of "he was never two minutes within the door until he Christ could save his soul. A few months afterwards had something to say for his Master.” And it was a he said to his wife, “Oh, I wish I could see Mr striking remark of one of his people, that " whatever Cormick nou; I could tell him what the gospel has was his text, it always came in the end to the subject for my soul.” He was felt to be a holy man. An of sin and salvation."

instance is remembered of the awe in which he One day an elder told him of a place in the neigh was held in the district by careless sinners. Once, bourhood where many young people used to assemble on the Glammis railway, by way of getting quit of in idleness on Mondays. He immediately said, “I'll a troublesome person who was entreating to be go and preach to them.” It was remarked that they taken into the train, the guard was overheard to would not wait to listen. “Oh, then,” Mr Cormick say to him, “Well, go in yonder, and sit beside Mr replied, “ I'll go and sit down with my Bible and Cormick.talk to them." He was ever willing to assist his He was a man of prayer. One of our earliest rebrethren, and never refused an opportunity, when in collections of him was the remark of a youth then his power, of proclaiming to sinners the unsearchable under his charge, “He is always wanting us to pray.” riches of Christ.

Nothing disturbed him more than being hurried away We cannot refrain from here inserting an extract from home in the morning without his usual season from the report by Mr Cormick (read by Mr Somer- of retirement. It was always his custom, after preachville to the last General Assembly), of his preaching ing, as well as before, to spend some time in prayer. tour through Fife, in the summer of 1847:

Simplicity and godly sincerity formed another strik“It was my great object to endeavour to awaken sinners ing mark of his character. His walk was eminently from the sleep of death, and to bring them to embrace Jesus becoming an ambassador for Christ. IIe had a great Christ the Lord. I made choice of subjects chiefly of an fear of the foolish talking and jesting which so often awakening nature, and, so far as God gave me grace, I en- tend to lighten the character and lessen the influence deavoured, with all the earnestness and tenderness in my of believers. Often, in trying to repress this in others, power, to deal with the souls of men, in order that all who heard the word at my mouth may be led to serious considera- ber that.” Another mark was his unaffected meek

we have heard him say, “ Every idle wordO rememtion of the things that pertain to their peace.

I preached, during my stay within the bounds of the St ness, and his readiness to esteem others better than Andrews presbytery, twenty-eight times. What the results himself. Few men ever showed a more honest desire to know and to part with every thing in them that was sinful. The following verse, from the hymn of

Beviews. his beloved friend, the late Mr MI‘Cheyne, often formed an outlet for the breathings of his heart after THEOCRACY: or, The Principles of the Jewish Religion holiness :

and Polity Adapted to all Nations and Times. By

the Rev. ROBERT Craig, A.M., Rothesay. Edin. "O grant that I, like this sweet well, May Jesus' image bear,

We have for a considerable time been of opinion, that And spend my life, my all, to tell

the most direct and urgent duty of thinking and earHow sweet his mercies are !"

pest men in the present dayis to inquire into the nature IIe took much pains with the young of his flock, of those great principles which must for ever influence regularly visiting his Sabbath school, and on the Sab- and control all human things; to state them clearly and bath evenings meeting with an adult class, to go over forcibly that they may be generally understood; and the sermons of the day. He showed great anxiety to expound and apply them as opportunity may perand faithfulness in dealing with the young in prospect mit; and thus to prepare the vital elements by which of the Lord's table.

society may either be preserved from plunging into About a fortnight before his death, he was seized | ruin, or be re-constructed after it has been dashed with a feverish attack - produced apparently by to pieces. For it is perfectly evident, that the preextreme exhaustion, brought on by his abundant sent is one of those great epochs in which the whole labours. He used often to say to a dear relative : structure of society is sustaining a perilous trial, “Well, I can never praise, I have no power.” But whereby every thing false and feeble will be dejust at the commencement of his illness, he remarked stroyed, and much that is true may be obscured and to the same friend, “I can't read, I can't pray; the

overborne for a season. It seems impossible to avert only thing I feel I can do is praise.' He seemed half the crisis, and not very possible to check its shiveraware of his danger, for he added : " I should have ing and subverting power; but it may be possible to written out some counsels for S- (his little daugh- preserve those principles which, if they cannot at ter), and advices for you.”

present arrest the progress of disorganization, may, At the end of the second week, the worst symp- in a happier period, be of the utmost value in retoms of malignant typhus appeared. At one time, uniting the shattered fragments of the social fabric. while his head was being bathed, though he seemed Gladly and gratefully, therefore, do we welcome scarcely conscious, he faintly whispered, “Oh to every contribution towards a result so important, be bathed in the blood of Christ !” and when it though such contributions may not be likely to find was said to him, “ You have been bathed already,” much favour for a time in the estimation of those he said, in his own usual way, “Many people speak who delight in the work of demolition. of being bathed in the blood of Christ, who know no- But thinking and earnest men do not always think thing about the matter.” On the Monday he rallied wisely. Plato was, no doubt, very much in earnest a little, and hope seemed to revive. But the hour of when he thought out his ideal Republic. More inhis departure was come. His work was done_his tes-tended his Utopia to teach, in the guise of fiction, timony for his Master was ended. On the Tuesday what he wished man to regard as valuable truth. morning he fell asleep in Jesus. Two brethren in Berkeley had a higher object in view, when he wrote the ministry were at his bed-side when he died, one Gaudentio di Lucca, than the construction of a phiof whom had just arisen from prayer. He was taken losophical romance. Thomas Carlyle is very much to his rest in the fortieth year of his age, and tenth in earnest even when he writes such books as his of his ministry.

Sartor Resartus. And many other thinking and To exalted talent of any kind Mr Cormick could earnest men are very seriously bent on producing lay no claim. But we are sure that all who knew something that may prove remedial to times so out him must have been struck with the likeness he bore of joint as those in which it is our lot to live. But to the model of a faithful minister,—“Preach the they are nearly all striving to make man his own deword; be instant in season and out of season; reprove, liverer—to evolve out of human nature itself somerebuke, exhort, with all long-suffering and doctrine." thing which may prove of sovereign efficacy to heal The weapons of his warfare were not carnal; had its inortal malady. So far as they have made, or are they been so, his name, most likely, would never making, this their aim, they are striving in vain. have been known, as one fitted in any way to influ- The malady is incurable by human means, as the fate ence his fellows. Yet many a proof remains that of every human attempt has full surely proved. It the word, in his mouth, was made mighty, through is high time, then, that thinking and earnest men God, to the pulling down of strongholds. If his were beginning to seek the remedy elsewhere than in talents were not many, he was faithful to his Master man himself-high time that they were inquiring in laying them out to the uttermost farthing. His whether there be not another remedy at hand, if they unwearied self-sacrificing zeal, seemed to increase as had only the wisdom to know and to employ it. the twelve hours were passing away. The last two And surely it is not too much to expect that Chrisyears of his ministry he seemed emphatically to preach tian men will at length inquire whether Christianity as “a dying man to dying men.” Many, we doubt be not that very remedy which alone can meet and not, when they heard of his early, and, to the eye of heal the disease of suffering humanity. sense, his untimely death, would be reminded of the The inquiry which we thus suggest is the very subwelcome, “Well done, good and faithful servant; ject which Mr Craig has set himself to prosecute in enter thou into the joy of thy Lord. Thou hast been the work before us; and we do not hesitate to say faithful in a few things, I will make thee ruler over that, in our opinion, he has produced not only a highly many things; enter thou into the joy of thy Lord.” creditable, but a very valuable work. The work is One of his texts on the last Sabbath he preached to divided into four chapters-on Religion-on Law, his people, was taken from the words, Behold, I on GOVERNMENT-and on the POLITY OF THE JEWS. come as a thief."

Each chapter is subdivided into a number of sections, varying from seven to twelve. These sections are tion to the various other lines that he might meet orsometimes so very short as to seem little more than cross., He had a perfect right to adopt either mode, a summary of what the section was intended to con- as he might think best. By adopting the first, his tain. So much is this the case, that we were re- work would have been exposed to the censure of peatedly reminded of the conciseness of the nume- being controversial; by adopting, as he has done, the rous subdivisions in Montesquieu's Spirit of Laws, latter, it is exposed to the censure of being too con.. which we always regarded as a blemish in that cele- cise and dogmatic in its plan and character. Mr brated work. We do not, of course, mean to in- Craig seems to love truth more than he loves controsinuate that Mr Craig made his sections short in imi- versy; and he seems to think that the best mode of tation of the plan adopted by the French jurist; but disseminating truth is to state it in the most clear, in stating the resemblance, we may convey to some succinct, and compact manner possible, and to leave of our readers a very clear conception of one marked such statements to germinate in the minds of his characteristic of the work-its remarkable concise- readers. We fear that he has in this committed an ness. And we draw attention to this characteristic, error, to some extent. The readers of the present because we are persuaded that many readers, if they age are not so much disposed to exert their own overlook this peculiarity, may regard the book as powers of thinking as Mr Craig seems to suppose; little more than a series of curt dogmatic assertions, certainly not, in general, to the extent that is neceswithout due expansion and proof. It appears to have sary for a full comprehension of his able work. been Mr Craig's plan to state the principles which he But let us present a specimen or two of the manner wished to inculcate in as brief and compact a manner in which Mr Craig states his views; and we shall do as possible, that they might be very clearly seen at a so from the first chapter, that we may lay the elemenglance, and very easily remembered, and might thus tary proposition of the work before our readers:become in a manner the axiomatic elements of future

“The first of all things to man, as an intellectual and moral thought to every intelligent reader, enabling him to

being, that, indeed, which comprehends all his interests, and is prosecute the important subjects so stated to any his supreme, his first and last iaw, is Religion. If he stands extent that leisure, ability, and inclination might rightly in relation to this, all other good is secured to him; prompt. If this were Mr Craig's design, we trust it if wrongly, every thing else becomes deranged, distorted, and will prove eminently successful. For our own part,

even injurious. It claims, therefore, our first and chief atten

tion." we frankly state that the work has been to us singularly suggestive. Seldom, indeed, have we read any There is in these three pregnant sentences a perbook which tempted us more to set about the task of

fect mine of most precious truth, as many minds will expanding every section into a chapter, and every at once perceive. But there are also many minds chapter into a volume. This we regard as a very that will at once deny this axiomatic assertion, and kigh merit; but we shall not be at all surprised to demand explanation and proof. Mark, then, how find the book censured by some as abrupt and dog. | Mr Craig proceeds :matical. It were well, however, if indolent readers

“When considered objectively, or as an object to be concould be brought to know, that the chief benefit to

templated, religion consists essentially in those relations or be derived from books is, being taught and trained to

bonds which God, the author of all being and relations of think. But it might also have been advisable for Mr being, has established between himself and his intelligent Craig to have wrought out fully some of his axio- creation, of which we form a part. It is the tie which binds matic sections in the earlier part of the work, as he us to him, as the Former of our bodies, the Father of our has done in several instances very ably towards its spirits

, and the Being who gives us life, and breath, and all conclusion.

things. As such, it has its foundations laid in the sovereign The object which he had in view is thus stated by into a law; hence it is entirely independent of our knowledge

originating will of God, and is raised by his eternal counsel the author:

or judgment, our acceptance or rejection. It is a positive, “To show that the Scriptures, from their beginning to their

fixed reality, which cannot be changed or altered, unless it close, contain what is intended by God for all men, of what

should please God to change or alter it—a supposition which ever class or office; that they are sufficient as a rule for man's

his very perfection and supremacy absolutely forbid. It rewhole moral life; that they bind the faith and obedience of mains the same, whether we know it or not, and whether we all men; and that they direct and command statesmen, rulers,

willingly submit to it or not, even as God and creation remain judges, and communities, no less than private individuals, is

the same. . : . . Religion, when considered subjectively, or the object of the following treatise.”

as existing in us, consists in the harmony of our views, and

sentiments, and conduct, with those relations and bonds, or It will be admitted that this is a very comprehen- with the will and law of God. He is a religious man whose sive statement, and that it is made in a very fair and principles of thought, feeling, and action correspond with manly manner. There is no evasion here--no at

what is objectively presented to his mind, as God and the will tempt to conciliate the reader to enter on the perusal

of God are presented. Hence it follows that true religion, or

the real relationships which God has established between of a work in which he may find some of his precon- himself and us, is entirely free from all mere opinion or fancy ceptions assailed. The object is frankly avowed at of ours, and is as fixed and determinate as God and his will the outset, so that every reader may at once know

A false religion, on the other hand, is what what he has to expect. It is very manifest that,

has no positive ground or existence in the constitution of the after such a frank and fearless statement of his ob

universe of truth, whatever it may have in man's imaginations.

It is that which is at variance with all just law, and all undeject, Mr Craig could prosecute his task in but the one

praved being; and consequently it is what must be abhorrent or the other of two ways:-he might have made it en- to Him who is the fountain, the centre, the end, and the tirely controversial, assailing and endeavouring to judge of all truth; and who, in reality, and giving all just exoverthrow all the conflicting theories of human duty pression to his hatred, hates every false as well as every with which his own leading principle brought him

wicked way. It follows, therefore, that, whether we know into contact; or, he might content himself with a

it or not, there can only be one true religion, whether in its direct and even axiomatic statement of his own prin. pleasing to the God of truth, or binding on the faith or con

objective or subjective character; and that no other can be ciples, going boldly and calmly forward in the straight sciences of men. It follows,'also, that no false religion can line of his own system, without paying much atten- have the moral effects or the fixed rewards of the true; and

are.

that it is the first and highest duty of man to seek, by all ac- Establishment also), who, preaching to the yeocessible means, to distinguish and choose the truth as it exists

manry of a certain county in the west of Scotland, in the mind of God, and proceeds from his sovereign will. In like manner, it must be concluded, that to err either in

thought himself particularly happy in his choice of á choosing or encouraging a religion that is false, is an evil or a

text, when he announced for it those words of Ezekiel crime against which every man ought to guard with the most

in which he describes the Assyrians on whom God's jealous and scrupulous care."

people fatally doted, " Which were clothed with blue, These are true and noble sentiments, forcibly and captains and rulers, all of them desirable young men, boldly, but not too boldly, stated. But we well know horsemen riding upon horses.” We happen to know that there are numbers in this age of feeble thought a third, like the first individual to whom we have and low plausibilities, who will regard them with referred, still a minister of the Establishment, who, extreme dislike. Let them try to confute Mr Craig: preaching for the last Sabbath in his old parish Let them venture on an equally concise statement of church, previous to its being taken down to be rebuilt, their primary principles. On what ground will they selected, as in his view the most seasonable and approventure with equal simplicity and directness to rest priate passage—“There shall not be one stone left their argument? We should like to see such an upon another that shall not be thrown down." And attempt made by the boldest opponent of revelation. he, like Mr Cochrane, enamoured of his achievement, Truth in severe simplicity is still majestically great. not only preached on this text from his pulpit, but Error in equal simplicity is deformed and mean. committed his sermon to the press. And now we

Our space, however, will not allow us to trace the have the author of the Discourses before us, out-doing ample and very fertile field into which we are in- all his contemporaries and most of his predecessors, vited by Mr Craig's truly valuable work. We can by such an array of texts, and such an application of but inform our readers, that after an equally succinct them, as few, we trust, will be found to parallel, or to and vigorous statement of the principles of law and imitate. government, which in a similar manner he deduces Only let our readers think of the texts selected, from the character and will of God, he illustrates the and the doctrines and lessons drawn from them. whole by an outline of the polity of the Jews, and “ Canst thou draw out Leviathan with a hook, or his concludes by glancing at what might be the charac- tongue with a cord which thou lettest down ?” are ter and condition of a community which should con- words, it seems, which declare man's “ inability to struct itself and regulate its conduct in accordance achieve his own salvation”_"to dissipate the terrors with that divinely-instituted polity. Mr Craig seems that lie between him and God "_“to achieve the to intimate an intention of writing a more full view great work of the soul's deliverance and well-being" of what a community so constituted would be. -“to accomplish the mighty object of his own eterWe hope he will carry his intention into effect. But nal salvation," and remind us, that “the achievement, we would suggest to him, that if so, he would do whose accomplishment transcended human power, well to allow himself greater breadth and freedom has been wrought out for us by a divine Redeemer. of style and expression than he has done in the pre- “ The old shoes, and clouted, upon their feet,” worn sent work; and, at the same time, to be careful not by the Gibeonites, are viewed by Mr Cochrane as a to lay hold on, as of permanent obligation and uni- pointed rebuke of the sin of hypocrisy and falsehood," versal benefit, those parts of the Jewish polity which and in particular of the “hypocrisies of the parlour were evidently of a peculiar and temporary charac- and drawing-room -“ of the shop and the market ter. Not that we think he greatly needs this warn- place "_" of faction and party,” and “of religious ing, though there are a few instances in the work professors." Nay more, these “old shoes, and before us in which we feel as if there were some clouted,” are an emblem of man's natural state." such tendency in his mind.

“ To patch them,” represents “ man's vain attempts to We would have wished to conclude this too brief mend himself.” “ To put them off," exhibits and hasty notice of Mr Craig's valuable work, which ceasing to trust in his own righteousness.” These we very strongly recommend to the thoughtful and “old shoes, and clouted,” have a farther purpose still. intelligent public, by extracting, as a specimen of his They supply to Mr Cochrane “a vivid emblem of more open and uncompressed style, the manner in the decaying state of all sublunary things.” And which he discusses the question respecting Church and rising into the sublime on this part of his subject, he State and their possible alliance, but in the present exclaims, “ When will the universe of God lay aside number we cannot afford the requisite space. the old and clouted shoes,” and accoutre itself in

" the shoes that wax not old,” for the eternal march DISCOURSES on Unusual Texts of SCRIPTURE. By of glory? Then, as one fairly caught by his own

the Rev. JAMES COCHRANE, Cupar. Edinburgh. | ideas, which are evidently quite original, he returns We once heard a minister of the Church of Scotland, to the same subject, to tell us that this lower uniwho is now a minister of the Scottish Establishment, verse, with which we are connected, may be deset himself to preach on the palmer-worm, locust, and scribed as having “ old shoes and clouted upon its canker-worm of Joel, and to prove that they signified feet.” To show how "susceptible of additional aud the leading sins (we forget now what he called them), lengthened illustration," « this department of his subwhich prey upon the human race. The same minister ject” is, he actually fills a second discourse with the was accustomed to find the peculiar doctrines of grace thoughts which it suggests.” Here, repeating an where no other body ever dreamed of looking for idea which he had expounded before, he remarks, them; and went, we believe, on one occasion, the " that human nature, in its present state, is no better length of publicly, and from the pulpit, declaring and than 'the old and clouted shoes of his text." He teaching, that Ahasuerus and Esther really meant calls upon us to "contemplate human nature," and Christ and his Church. We knew another minister to "tell him, if we have not occasion to reiterate the (and, had he been yet alive, and still possessed the burden of his text, old shoes, old and clouted !? same sentiments as when we were acquainted with him, he would, no doubt, have continued to grace the of mankind, he adds, We ourselves at least have no

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