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that there is something in the state of the world that cannot be How Papists' get up Miracles.—The way in which accounted for except that it is God's doing. And with regard Papists deal with truth and miracles, has an exemto the prospects which this revolution opens for our oferations plification in a letter written from Boston to Europe, in France, I look upon our English work there as not a matter to be taken into account at all; because, if the English, who

and published in the “Annals of the Propagation of were there and heard the gospel from our English brethren the Faith.” The letter is signed by the Very Rev. Dr there, are now in England, they will hear the gospel here; so Brasseur de Bourbourg, Vicar-General of Boston. The that that matter need not be weighed as affecting the general | New England Puritan says, that it must have been interests of the kingdom of Christ. Yesterday, I preached published by mistake, as the writer cannot have beeui the gospel in London to several people to whom I was in the habit of preaching it in Paris and Boulogne, and so far as the

so stultified as to suppose that he could meet it bestate of souls is concerned, I suppose the mere locality does

fore the Boston public without an exposure. The letnot affect their edification. But, however, the work of God, ter is long, and we can afford room only for one exas conducted by us and other evangelical Christians in France, tract, respecting the burning of the Charlestown has, it is true, 'in passing through the revolution, had to en

convent; which, he says, was done by the “Puritan counter some danger. First, there was the danger of a complete anarchy. Had that occurred, it is very certain that the

populace, led on by some fanatical ministers.” violent party would have been exceedingly liberal to the gospel,

In the middle of the tumult one of the fanatics had asas long as the gospel did not interfere with them; but it is cended on the altar. I mention it with horror—with sacriequally certain, they would have been as despotic to the gospel legious hand he seized the holy cibarium, (the vessel conas they endeavoured to be to the electors of France. They would taining the conscrated wafers, supposed by the Papists to be have put down the gospel, or anything that interfered with their the real body of Christ,) emptied the precious particles into own despotism, without the slightest hesitation. However, his pocket, and, swelled with the satanic pride of Calvin, he there was no time when the probability of anarchy was equal to went to an inn in Charlestown. Surrounded by a throng the probability that anarchy would not arrive, that is to say, who were eagerly listening to his sacrilegious exploits, narof a permanent anarchy. There was no time when I feared rated in the presence of an Irish Catholic, who listened with anarchy greatly, although for a considerable time, I was com- profound awe-the fanatic recognised the Irishman. Suddenly pelled to admit its probability. But since that Monday in Lon- he drew from his pocket several hosts, and in a sneering tone, don, following the prayers of a Christian Sabbath, when the “Here,” said he, exhibiting them, “ behold your god; what benefits of the holy Sabbath, and the sanctuary services, and need you go any more to seek him in the church " The the prayers of that Sabbath, came down and shed their peace Irishman was mute with horror. The sacrilegious man then upon this land—the ray that shed joy and gladness through

went out. But a quarter of an hour-a half an hour elapsed England gave strength and refreshing to every friend of order--he returned not. A vague fear seized on the bystanders; throughout all France. And I know it to be a fact, that a by a presentiment which they could not account for, they go French lady and a Roman Catholic, when reading the exag- out after him. The sacrilegious man lay dead-dead by the gerated and alarming, and in some respects amusing, reports of

death of Arius! what was to occur in England, when the Queen was to go to I cannot state to you, reverend gentlemen, the unutterGermany, and many other terrible things were to occur, said

able sentiment of terror which then seized upon this troop of to her servants, “We must all pray for England; for if Eng. Protestants. The Irishman soon rushed forward in his turn, land be overturned, what is to become of the world!" And and admiring in his heart, the works of Divine justice which while I believe that England had, on that day, the prayers so promptly smote the guilty, he cut the poeket containing the and sympathy of every friend of order and of happiness in sacred particles, and leaving the other spectators weighed down France-that is, the prayers of such of them as do

) and

(and by the panic which had, as it were, chained them round the

tainted corpse, he ran to the cathedral, where he tremblingly that the benefits of that day nerved the minds of the French consigned to the bishop the august deposit which he had just people, unconsciously to theruselves. The benefit was im- secured possession of. mense. They saw that anarchy was not so strong among This extraordinary fact,'which forms so striking an episode themselves as order. I believe there is scarcely a man in in the history of the burnt convent, has been related to me by France who thinks that anarchy is at all possible. The reign several ocular witnesses, some of whom were Protestants at of order appears now to be complete. That there may be a this epoch, and are since become Catholics; besides, it is collision is not impossible: that there may be a protracted known to the whole then existing population of Charlestown struggle, is barely possible: but my own impression is, that and Boston, as well as several other no less interesting facts there will not be even a grave struggle, that the friends of of that epoch, so little known in Europe." order will not be enabled to establish order, and that the liber

The whole story, it swould appear, is: a "sheer inties of the country are secure. Another danger was from the prevalence of Communist doctrines. We might have sur

vention. No one having ever heard of such an ocposed that nearly the entire French people would now begin to look upon the gospel, as the violent Republicans looked upon our constitutional monarchy--as a very good thing for men in their boyhood, but utterly unfit for the government of men in their full maturity. And if we had regarded the

Notes to Readers and Correspondents. speeches of a few persons, the words of a few noisy individuals,

Tho Lines by L-are not suitable. we might have supposed these sentiments had taken posses- We are obliged by F.'s attention, and will make use of his sion of France. But Providence has recently shown that the material in our next No. Communist doctrines are not generally accepted; that the

NEWINGTON FREE CHURCH.--Our readers will find on our cover Communist tide of feeling is not very generally prevalent; and

an advertisement relative to a Sale and Exhibition in aid of my decided opinion is this, that a vast majority of the French

the building fund of Newington Free Church. May we crave people are, at this moment, convinced that a nation without

their attention to it. The movement on the part of Dr Begg

and his congregation is a most important one, and will, we hope, a religion is an impossibility--they are convinced that, on the

be so entirely successful that others of our poorer congregations main, Christianity is a religion divine; but they look upon

will be encouraged to bestir themselves, and secure the erection Christianity as it existed in France, as a thing rich in abuse of comfortable, creditable churches. The Exhibition must be and in absurdities. Many of them have not yet learned how full of the deepest interest to every Scottish Presbyterian. The to separate Christianity from these abuses and absurdities. Covenants and battle flags which are to be seen, form a considerVery many of them are unaware, that Christianity in itself able proportion of the few material memorials which remain to does not imply either the one or the other. But even those who

us from the days of our Covenanting forefathers, and will, we have their eyes open to these abuses and absurdities, are con

have no doubt, attract the attendance of multitudes. tent, rather than abandon the country to Infidelity, which they believe would be its greatest woe, still to retain that Christianity which they see, with all its absurdities and all its

ses; and I believe, never since the days of the Huguenots, Printed and Published , by JOHN "JOHNSTONE,"115 Princes Street, was the public mind in France so near the truth as it is at Edinburgh; and 261Paternoster Row, London, And sold by the this very day. This is my conviction.

Booksellers throughout the kingdom.

currence.

THE

FREE CHURCH MAGAZINE.

TIIE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF TIIE FREE be prepared for such contingencies as arise in this

mercantile country. Some little foresight is just as CIIURCH.

essential in managing a mission as in managing our It is remarkable with what unabated interest the

own private affairs, and this without abating one jot people flock down to Canonmills' Hall at the meetings of the zeal and energy with which the cause of Christ of the Free General Assembly. Although the first ought ever to be prosecuted and maintained. There Aush of novelty is now past, and although this year far better every way to have an account running in

seems to be no warrant for our incurring debt, and it is in particular the questions discussed were very much questions of business and detail, the audiences were

our favour at the bank than one running against us. never more uniformly large. This is surely a

And besides, where debt is incurred, the question of

very healthy symptom, and we trust that, under the bless personal liability at once comes in, and is a most damping of God, it promises well for the permanent suc- ing and inconvenient one in a Christian Church. cess of our Church, that her people so entirely Accordingly, vigorous arrangements have been comidentify themselves with all her arrangements, and menced for the purpose of placing all our missions desire to know even the minute details of her plans

on this safe and creditable footing, and thus securing ef usefulness. A large portion of the present Num- the increased confidence and support of our people. ber of our Magazine, consists of an abridged report has been adopted in the management of the Home

In carrying out this object, a change of principle of the Assembly's proceedings. We hope that our readers will regard the space devoted to it as well Mission Committee, which we are very confident will bestowed. Many of them, we know, not having had lead to the best results. The practice which has another opportunity of becoming acquainted with prevailed since the Disruption, of paying all preachers the proceedings of Assembly, will deem the report and catechists a fixed salary from the funds of the the most interesting part of the Number; while Home Mission Committee, and then employing a none, we trust, will object to our preserving these separate committee to scatter them over the country in a permanent form.

from quarter to quarter, was found most injurious to We ventured to suggest in last Number, the pro

all parties. It swallowed up wholesale the funds of priety of the Assembly's making a very prominent the Church, whilst it lulled stations asleep, and retopic of consideration the state of our finance, and of pressed the energies of deserving preachers. By the the permanent committees of the Church. Although following Act of Assembly, it has been resolved to we are still advancing, by the blessing of God, with introduce gradually a more natural, and, we have no undiminished prosperity, nay, although the Sustenta- doubt, more efficient system :tion and Missionary Funds have increased in the face of a year of unparalleled commercial trial, some fixed

“ 1. That the Home Mission Committee, instead of paying rules and arrangements in regard to our finance and shall hereafter only give grants of money to the different

as at present, the whole salaries of preachers and catechists, agency have become essential. Accordingly, one of stations, according to the necessities of each case, and the the matters which engaged the most anxious atten- means at the disposal of the Committee: That from this tion of the leading members of Assembly in private rule, however, shall be excepted the preachers who left the conference, was this subject in all its bearings. Established Church at the period of the Disruption, and are It is not yet finally disposed of; but certain gene- year's probation appointed by the Assembly. In the case ral, principles and plans were very generally as. of this latter class, the Committee is instructed to endeavour sented to, and a large committee of Assembly is to make such arrangements, if possible, as shall give them still continned, to give in a final report on the sub- the benefit of labouring during that year of probation, ject to the Commission in August. On the subject under the charge and advice of some minister of experience. of finance, it was on all hands admitted to be essen

“ 2. That in order to carry into effect this change in existtial that every Scheme must keep

its regular expen, parties interested by the Home Mission Committee; and

ing arrangements, due time and warning be given to all diture within its income. The Sustentation Fund that, in the mean time, the existing distribution of preachers does so by the very nature of its arrangements. It and catechists shall continue for another quarter after the divides half-yearly the money in the bank, after pay- 15th of June next: That during this time the Committee ing expenses, and debt is impossible. The School- shall correspond with the different presbyteries, preachers, masters’ Fund is about to be arranged on precisely catechists, and stations, with a view to facilitate the the same plan. And in regard to all other commit proposed change : That all the funds of stations, until tees, the only safe rule seems to be, to have a small

sanctioned as regular charges, shall be remitted, as at

presen to Edinburgh; but that such funds shall be held as reserve fund, so that they may, humanly speaking, at the disposal of the stations themselves, in the first No, LIV.

JUNE, 1848.

new

instance, or the supply of their own spiritual wants, in and the funds of our Committee are more than exhaustaddition to such grants as they may receive from the Home Mission Committee: That each station shall be hereafter

ed. Many churches are at a stand for want of the usual allowed to choose its own agent, under the direction and grant; whilst, if sites are obtained, and if the quoad control of the presbytery of the bounds; and that with a

sacra churches are taken from us, a vastly increased view to this, a register shall be kept at Édinburgh by the demand for money to build churches will immediately Home Mission Committee, of the names and addresses of be made. And it is worse than foolish, it will be all available preachers and catechists, that a copy of this criminal, on the part of the Church, to allow a fund register shall be sent to every presbytery, and that the Committee shall facilitate in every possible way the arrange

to languish, upon which the future success of every ments which the local parties may wish to make. The

other may be said in one sense to depend. The same local parties shall also fix the annual salaries of preachers thing is true in regard to the College and Education and catechists when regularly employed in stations : That Funds. They both stand in need of the fostering in regard to occasional supplies of sermon, a rate of payment care of the Church; and it would be most important, shall be fixed by the Home Mission Committee, according could we, by a united and sustained effort, rescue to which all preachers shall be paid by congregations them at once from all difficulty. An attempt must receiving their services, and presbyteries shall see that this regulation is understood and enforced in behalf of be made, besides, to secure the endowment of our Colpreachers."

lege and Normal Schools, by means of legacies.

Let us now glance briefly at the only two subjects Certain changes have also been introduced in re- of debate which engaged the attention of the Assemgard to the Foreign Missions, by which part of their bly, viz., the College question, and the arrangements operations in Africa is hereafter to be transferred of the Sustentation Fund. The latter subject, in. to the Colonial Committee. The Continental Com- deed, cannot be said to have seriously divided the mittee is also to be united to the Colonial, and thus mind of the Church. The new plan proposed was the greater unity will be secured for this part of our crotchet of a very few, and the vote taken (thanks to Church's missionary business.

Mr Crichton and others) proved it to be confined in In regard to the permanent management of our the Assembly to four delegates from the same famous Schemes, the deliberations of the large committee Presbytery of Selkirk. It is well that the “ appointed by the Assembly are not yet terminated.views” have been so thoroughly extinguished. We But certain important ideas have been suggested, believe them to be both unsound and dangerous. It and generally acquiesced in. It seems sufficiently is an entire mistake to imagine that the Church clear that all the ordinary business of the Church courts have any legislative authority in regard to should be transacted in one office; that all the docu- the destination of the money of the people. The ments and papers of the Church should be kept people themselves must and will settle the matter in there; that the practice of employing men out of doors, their own way; and any attempt to compel them to whose whole time is not at the disposal of the Church, do otherwise will end, and should end, in overthrow should be discontinued, and the whole business con- and confusion. The Church courts should enlighten centrated into one focus. This being determined, the judgments of the people, and thus endeavour to there are a few general heads under which all the operate upon their wills; but beyond that they cannot existing or possible business of the Church could go. The sooner that this is universally understood easily be ranged. The whole money now passes and proclaimed the better; for there is nothing more through the hand of one treasurer, whose department dangerous than the attempt to usurp a power never is of course sufficiently distinct. The management dreamt of being possessed even by the apostles, or by of the Sustentation Fund is another sufficiently distinct any existing Church of Christ. Besides, the attempt section. All education, including colleges, schools, to put down supplements is an attempt to prevent the and normal schools, would form a third department. discharge of a positive Christian duty, viz., the duty And the whole other business of the Church might of kindness to a man's own minister. “ Let him be ranked under two heads :-first, a Foreign de that is taught in the word,” says the apostle, “com. partment, including the Foreign Missions, and Jewmunicate to him that teacheth in all good things." ish, Colonial, and Continental Schemes; and second, Nay,” say some members of the Presbytery of Šela Home department, including the Home Mission, kirk," let those that are taught in the word be proChurch Building Fund, Manse Building Fund, Sab- hibited by act of Assembly from communicating to bath Committee, Temperance Committee, Popery him that teacheth in any good thing.” A subject was Committee, &c. Thus under fire heads, with an started, in the course of the conversation, which we able man presiding over each department, the busi- think of great importance, viz., the position of ness of the Church, which is now nearly as great as congregations in the poorer districts of large cities. that of many a petty kingdom, might not only be It is clear that to lay it down as a general rule that, managed, but managed with an energy and unity in such districts, men must always receive a smaller to which we have not yet attained.

stipend than the ministers of richer districts, is, in Each of the departments to which we have refer- other words, to determine that the poorer districts red will give ample work to a first-rate man, and is shall always get the weakest ministers. This would, worthy of one; and the whole affairs of the Church of course, be a ruinous result, and would, in a few can thus be placed on a thoroughly satisfactory and years, go far to extinguish the Free Church in all the business-like footing, for a smaller sum than is at large towns. The poorer districts require, in truth, the present expended.

most vigorous ministers, and men, moreover, who can There are several of our Committees, in the mean- not only live, but who have something to spare. How time, that will require vigorous pecuniary aid from this is to be secured upon a far more extensive scale the friends of the Church. We may instance the than at present, is a problem well worthy of the Building Fund, to which one of the special collec- serious attention of the more intelligent friends of tions this year (and we hope for several years to come) the Free Church. But meantime, a great evil at is to be devoted. Our work of church building is not present is the extent to which city congregations are much more than half accomplished, especiallyin cities, I disposed to act on the opposite principle by which

From

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vigorous men are being driven from the poorer con- order to this, certain things will require to be seriously gregations in large cities, whilst none are found to attended to. Three elements are essential in making fill their places. The late discussions have tended good ministers, viz., piety, talent, and learning; and to throw much light on this subject, and to illus- two of these are Divine gifts, and only one human. trate at once the narrow short-sighted views which The Divine

gifts are, of course, not confined to any one prevail in certain quarters. Perhaps, however, a locality. First, more care must be taken to secure better illustration could not be given of the probable that our divinity students be men of piety. Without effect upon the Church at large of adopting the Sel-good evidence of this, they should at once be rejeckirk plan, than the case of Selkirk itself, the seat ted. Besides, efforts should be made to secure that of the leader of the small movement in question, in they are men of vigour and talent. Without this, regard to the Sustentation Fund. Selkirk, as most again, all piety and learning will not avail. These of our readers are aware, is a county town, with two points must first be aimed at, and after they are a Free church capable of containing about 700 people. secured, let the utmost amount of learning be added. It should, of course, be at least self-sustaining. The Now, by what plan are we likely to obtain the greatest following, however, are the facts, as taken from the amount of sanctified talent? By concentrating our published reports of the Church :

education at Edinburgh, or by extending it to the

university seats in different parts of Scotland! This Contributions, for Sustentation and Supplement, made by is the question which is still before the Church, the Congregation of Selkirk since 1843—

and which Dr Cunningham's motion did not profess

finally to decide. We have no intention at present Sustenta- Supple

of entering upon the consideration of it, but it is

Dividend. Deficiency. the question which circumstances will force again May 18, 1843, to March 31, 1844

on the attention of the Assembly. We trust, howMar. 1844 to Mar. 1845

ever, that no controversy on the subject will be allowed to arise over the Church; that, in the meantime, the decision of the Assembly will be acquiesced in; and that our friends in the different

college towns will manifest every possible forbearWe ask the friends of the Church carefully to pon.

ance in pressing their claims until the college

at Edinburgh is properly equipped and firmly estabder the above statistics. It appears that Selkirk, so lished. far from being self-sustaining, has cost the General Fund during the past five years no less a sum than £238, 16s. 5d. It appears that the idea of abjuring supplements is only recent. In 1845-6, the minister of WARDLAW AND DAVIDSON ON ECCLESISelkirk got £42, 10s. of a supplement, which was not a farthing too much, if the congregation had at the

ASTICAL POLITY. same time been self-sustaining; last year he got £20; and this year only, he gets nothing. But, mark the result. Whilst his local stipend is sinking in accordance with the newly adopted theory, is the

THE OFFICERS OF THE CHURCI. General Fund rising in the same proportion? So far from that, the General Fund is sinking at the very

In our last article on this subject, we took under our same time; and this year, whilst £20 is kept off the

review “ The Materials of a Christian Church," as Dr minister, £10 more is kept off the General Fund. Wardlaw denominates the members of which the The congregation is not self-sustaining this year, by Church is composed. No part of the present contro£52, 10s. 7d. If all our congregations had acted in versy deserves more attention. A recent case which the same way, there would have been a dead loss to came before the late meeting of the General Assemthe Church, to the extent of £10,000 upon the Sus bly of the Free Church of Scotland, affords striking tentation Fund, and of the whole supplements to the evidence of the truth of this remark. In this case bargain. This is precisely what might have been ex- we see how a Presbyterian minister,* from having pected. It is far more easy for men to teach people adopted ultra, or rather one-sided, views of the Christo write pamphlets than to give money, and to han

tian Church, is led on, first into Independency, and ker after the good things of their neighbours than to thence, by no unnatural or illogical progression, into part with their own. It will be seen, that in propor

Anabaptism. We beg to say, that were we to adopt tion as the zeal of the people of Selkirk for contro- the views of our Independent brethren on the terms versy has kindled, their contributions have gradually of Church membership, we could not stop short of fallen off.

the same conclusion. If genuine saintship, avowed But we pass from this subject, which we regard as by the individual, and ascertained by the Church, is conclusively settled, in so far as the mind of the necessary before one can be reckoned, in any sense, Church at large is concerned, to make a remark

a member of Christ's Church, how can an infant be in regard to the College debate. Here the Church so reckoned? We confess ourselves utterly incapawas, and we believe still is, decidedly divided in ble of comprehending on what ground Independents opinion. The matter is settled in the meantime, can consistently plead for infant baptism. The foungreatly on financial grounds; but certain important tain-error of the Baptists, from which the whole of principles in connexion with it are still undecided. their system may be traced by a regular series of The chief question is, How shall we permanently sequences, is to be found in their ideal of the Church. supply

the Free Church with zealous and able minis Setting out with the assumption, the falsity of which ters! The question is not only how to train ministers, but also how to get them. It is plain that, in

THIRD ARTICLE.

* Our readers will perceive we refer to the Rev. Mr Anderson

late minister of the Free Church in Old Aberdeen,

we endeavoured to evince in our last, that genuine | if a man of talent, and not overridden by factious saintship is the term of admission into the visible deacons, contrives to rule as lord paramount over Church, they are led, step by step, to the conclusion “the flock," and to make his will the law. No man that infants, regarding whose conversion no certain has a right to rule but himself; the deacons must data can exist, can form no part of Christ's Church. confine themselves to their menial services; and the They cannot deny that they may form a part of the people, nominally“ many masters,” are notoriously, invisible Church, for this would be too obviously in in virtue of their very number, incapable of exercisthe face of our Lord's declaration, “Of such is the ing any judicial act. This we may afterwards subkingdom of heaven;" but had they seen the mothers stantiate more fully; we only advert now to what bringing their children to Jesus, that he might "lay may be called the morale of Independency, which we * his hands on them, and bless them,” their principles hold to be a congeries of petty despotisms, or dukewould certainly have led them to join with the disci- doms, resembling those of the Italian states, or the ples in “rebuking” and “forbidding" them for ex- more ancient feudal dynasties of Northern Europe, in pecting that our Lord would administer any religious which one man held the power, very much, no doubt, ceremony to infants. It is worthy of notice that the at the mercy of the many, and in which each state, Baptist theory is entirely negative and inferential. while independent of its neighbours, had a little desThey do not pretend to have found any express pro- pot of its own. This peculiar form of polity may be hibition of infant baptism-any revocation of the traced to the Independent principle of association, on ancient statute by which children were admitted as which we have been animadverting. It seems the component parts of the Church under the Old Testa- native result of the system which arms man with ment; but, from what is said of the New Testament the power of deciding on the spiritual state of his Church, they are led first to form a peculiar view of fellows-a power which, as it belongs of right to Him its character, and thence, by a circuitous course of who is the sole King and Head of the Church, can reasoning, to infer that children can form no part of only be wielded, in semblance and pretence, by one it, and are not, therefore, to be declared members of who claims a similar despotic authority. it by being admitted to baptism-the badge of disci- The moral beauty or fitness of Presbytery, viewed pleship. And we are free to confess, that were they as a system, lies in its stern refusal to lodge in the to establish their views of the Christian Church as hands of any single individual the power of jurisdicagreeable to the Word of God, their inference would tion. The minister can do nothing, as a ruler, withbe at least a plausible one. But we meet them on out the concurrence of his session; the moderator the very threshold of the controversy. We deny can do nothing in presbytery without the concurrence that genuine saintship is the test of admission; we of his co-presbyters. Everything in the shape of deny that any mortal or set of mortals is required government is conducted coinmuni consilio, by means or entitled to sit in the chair of judgment on the of councils, colleges, or courts. No power is recog. features of the inner man, or to pronounce on the nised in the will of an individual; and every assumpstate of the soul in the sight of God; we deny that it tion of this kind existing in practice, is inconsistent is possible, in the very nature of things, to pronounce with the whole spirit and constitution of the system, any certain verdict in such a matter; and, consequently, which is intended to guard against it. Even the hold that any judgment that may be pronounced power thus exercised in common by the presbyters must be mere hazard and conjecture. But it is ab- of the Church, is purely ministerial, not despotic; surd to suppose that, in the admission of persons to their office is simply to administer and apply the laws the privileges of the Church, we are left to be guided of Christ's house, given in his Word. This system, by mere appearances or conjectures. Where privi. which is so admirably fitted to secure the sole headleges are involved, it must be an act of injustice to ship of Christ, that it bears on its very front the withhold them, merely on the ground of appearance; stamp of its origin, is equally opposed to prelatic and as it must be an act of presumption to bestow them to pastoral domination. If the power of jurisdiction merely on the ground of conjecture. The rule of be invested in the person of one man, it matters procedure, in either case, for the office-bearers of the little, in one point of view, whether that man be a Church, must be reality, and not appearance-certainty, Diocesan prelate ora Congregational pastor—whether and not conjecture. And the ground of admission he “exercise dominion” over one flock, or over many which we lay down, and which has the merit at least flocks viewed as one. And we are prepared to show of being intelligible and practicable, is a serious and that the Congregational polity, as advocated by Docscriptural profession of faith in Christ, of which men tors Wardlaw and Davidson, amounts to such an inare capable of judging—not the connexion between vestiture; that, in point of fact, the Independent the appearance of grace and its reality, which even pastor is invested with prelatic jurisdiction—that he the judgment of charity must leave undecided. is a bishop in miniature.

We have reverted to this branch of the subject, be- It is a curious fact, that, in stating the argument cause it is somewhat connected with that on which we against Prelacy, Dr Wardlaw has merely insisted on now enter—THE OFFICERS OF THE Caristian Church. the identity between the terms bishop and presbyter, At present we shall merely glance at the connexion. or rather bishop and pastor. He has entirely preter. It is plain that the Independent pastor, who claims mitted the argument on which Prelatists place the to possess the power of "discerning spirits,” and greatest stress, viz., the transmission of the apostolic whose office it is, as lord chief justice, to pronounce authority to their successors the bishops. Dr Davidsentence of spiritual life or death on all who come son has merely touched on the point; but even he before his tribunal, must be a much greater man, and thinks it necessary to “advert to the opposite exoccupy a much higher position, in his own eyes, than treme, viz., an over-sensitiveness about apostolic succesthe poor Presbyterian minister, who lays claim to no sion.”—(P.141.) Now, we do not insinuate that either such powers of penetration, and no such lofty func-Doctor is secretly in love with diocesan Episcopacy; tion. In point of fact, it will generally be found, but why this aversion to deal with the grand prop of that, in the higher places of Independency, the pastor, that system? We shall sec. In the first place, let

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