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event which will set the Church of England free; / my mouth in the dust, and cry,
“Unclean!"-Occasional but a terrible one, if it be such a freedom as Trac
Discourses, p. 65. tarians would wish to enjoy and wield.
Let us not suppose, however, that the Doctor means
to keep his hand on his mouth for any length of “THE WORKS OF THE REV. DR.CUMMING.” again in a page or two. There we find him beseech
time. He is up from the dust, and at his own picture The imposing announcement at the head of this ing his hearers to pray that their minister might be article must be as familiar to our readers as it is to made, “if he should be rough as the Baptist, or ourselves. Few can take up a newspaper, or glance eloquent as Apollos-faithful as Paul.” Ibid. p. 67. over the advertising lists of a magazine, in which The meaning of which broken-winded sentence is, “ The Works of the Rev. Dr. Cumming” do not pro
that he would be made faithful as Paul. Now, as it trude themselves into notice, popping on one at every would be obviously out of all character to identify corner, and staring, through great goggle-eyed capi- the sleek Dr. Cumming with the uncombed figure of tals, in one's very face. “ Rowland's Kalydor," and the “ rough Baptist,” we are driven to the other “ Holloway's Ointment,” have not been more indus- alternative of the “ eloquent Apollos.” And before triously puffed, nor insinuated themselves into our he has finished his picture, we shall find that the unguarded and unsuspecting confidence under more Doctor has contrived to appropriate to himself, “ as provokingly seducing paragraphs. We are greatly face answers to face in a glass,” the leading features mistaken if we have not even seen an advertisement both of “the eloquent Apollos" and the “ faithful headed “ Dr. Cumming's New Work!” These per- Paul.” Reserving a few specimens of the former, severing attempts to gull the public have not been we may now present a few traits of the latter. Was wholly unsuccessful. Some poor birds, fascinated by Paul an enthusiast ? “ My dear friends," exclaims the constant glare of the monster advertisements, | Dr. Cumming, “ I am an enthusiast; and if there be must have fallen into the snare; and we confess, that no enthusiasm in a man's heart on that subject that we among others have been simple enough to pur. ought to electrify the affections of the whole world, it chase and swallow the whole “ Works of the Rev. is because he knows not the gospel." Was Paul assiJohn Cumming, D.D.” Let not the reader, however, duous and abundant in labours ? My dear friends," imagine that in doing so we have accomplished any says our Doctor, “ you know little of the toil that a great feat. Let not fancy suggest to him anything minister must undergo in his study; you fancy that it resembling the Works of Shakspeare, or Bacon, or is a very easy thing to appear in this place and preach Pope, or the Puritan Divines. No, “ The Works of two sermons every Sunday; that it costs very little Dr. Cumming," though pretty numerous, are far from labour. It takes often very great labour in preparation, being ponderous. They might, in fact, be all inserted and occasions no little exhaustion in delivery. What a in a lady's reticule, without incumbering her inuch man feels very deeply in his heart, often like fire passes more than so many card cases, an article which most through all his system, and shatters and tries it more of them strikingly resemble, and a similar purpose than you imagine! Many a day have I laboured for with which, when displayed on the drawing-room you, and then torn to pieces what I had preparedtable, they were clearly got up to serve.
and had to begin anew; and the agony of the conflictYet, were we to judge of these works by the esti ing feelings none but a minister of the Gospel can mate formed of himself by the author, they would tell, because none else has experienced them!" certainly occupy no inferior place in our admiration. After this affecting passage, we might be allowed It seems to be an amiable weakness of Dr. Cumming, to rest and recover ourselves; but the Doctor is not that he can hardly write on any subject (and he has done with his portraiture. Was Paul then distintried a great variety), without writing about himself. guished for a blameless character? “ If I were conThere may be a latent satire on this infirmity of scious,” says the preacher, " that I was living in the his noble nature,” implied in “ A list of Works by the practice of those sins which I reprobate and condemn Rev. John Cumming, D.D.," appended to one of his from tbis pulpit, the words would falter on my tongue, volumes, which includes among others, as No. xi., conscience would stare me in the face, and say, in its “ A Portrait of Dr. Cumıning." As no name of own deep and terrible accents, 'Thou that teachest painter or engraver is mentioned, people are left to another, teachest thou not thyself.'” We have a draw the wicked conclusion, that the portrait of Dr. word or two to say to Dr. Cumming on this head beCumming forms one of Dr. Cumming's own works. fore parting: meanwhile, we shall allow him to give The idea of a man sitting down before a glass to take the finishing touch to his own picture. Did Paul his own likeness may be considered ridiculous, but it anticipate a crown of glory as the reward of his is not uncommon; and sure we are, that if Dr. Cum faithfulness? “ As a Christian,” says Dr. Cumming, ming has really “ done himself,” he must have done “I have one reward : as a minister, I anticipate anhis best to
other, and it rests with you, not how certain, but hou “Give the world assurance of a man,"
great shall be the weight of that crown of glory which If he has not achieved it on canvass, he has certainly
shall be mine.” Occas. Disc. pp. 82-90. attempted it on wire wove, and after exhibiting him
Our quotations may seem to savour of profaneness; self in the pulpit, he has committed to large pica, As a practical proof of the apostolic boldness which
but we are merely letting the Doctor exhibit himself. what we now give in small :
characterizes our author's ministrations, we may refer And now, having read the picture of a faithful minister, to another discourse, entitled “ Our Queen's Responone in labours abundant, in tears, in prayers, in toils, in zeal, in devotedness, unparalleled, I put the question to myself,
sibilities and Reward,” which we are informed was Does this character answer to mine, as face answers to face
“ Preached on the Sunday after the Coronation of in a glass? I have read it over once, twice, again and agai
her Majesty." The text is, “ Be thou faithful unto and all that I can do is, to put my hand on my mouth, and death, and I will give thee a crown of life.” This
* The whole chapter, Acts xx., had been read in the course of extraordinary oration is given in the form of a direct the Service.
address to her Majesty. Debarred the enviable pri
vilege of officiating before royalty, Dr. Cumming In another sermon, which is said to have been determined to preach at if he could not preach to our preached to a congregation of Roman Catholies" Queen. “ Your Majesty," he begins, with great (though where he found such a congregation is not solemnity and pomp, as if she had been seated be- recorded, and how they sat patiently listening to such fore him in the “ Scotch National Church, Crown a discourse is not explained), we meet with the folCourt, Little Russell Street, Covent Garden"- lowing extraordinary flight, which we give at some "Your Majesty has in your own bosom an immortal length, as a specimen of his style:-tenant, more precious by infinitude than all the
Let me here observe, that I tried some time to find out jewels of your crown.” Undeterred by the royal what creature under heaven was the likeliest personation of presence, he hints very plainly how much she was in a Romish priest, and what of a Christian and Protestant danger by indulging in “ the midnight revelry of the minister. Í ransacked the whole of the records 'of ornithoopera, the injurious stimulants of the theatre, the logy and zoology, and I could neither find the four-footed profacation of the Sabbath, and contempt of the creature, nor winged fowl, the beast of the field, nor the bird house of prayer;" and waxing bolder as he advances, laws by which we ought to be regulated, as the minister of a
of the air, that was so inconsistent or so untrue to the great he ventures to say to her Majesty, “You are (I say corrupt and apostate Church. But at last, I discovered, after it with profound reverence), comparatively, a child in much searching, one creature that seems to me the perfect years, as well as in empire. Yours must be a share type of a Roman Catholic priest. And what think yon is of the thoughtlessness of the one and the inexperience that creature? It is The Owl; and the more you look at it, of the other. Acquainted with the headlong im
the more you will be struck, while I hope you will not be ofpulses of youth," &c. &c.
fended with the resemblance. The owl is the bird of night, Now we venture to say, in downright earnest, this murky air of midnight, where he can perch upon his roost and
he never shows his face in daylight; he likes the dark and is one of the choicest specimens of clerical foppery enjoy the surrounding darkness, flapping his wings and dreadthat we ever had the luck to encounter. True, in a ing nothing so much as the beams of day. And is it not a note appended to this effusion of conceit, we are told, fact, that the fourth rule of the Index of the Council of Trent " It is needless to add, that the form of direct address
prescribes and prevents the indiscriminate reading of the was adopted on the publication of the sermon; and
Scriptures, which give light, &c. Is not this very owl-like?
But further, it is a known fact, that the owl feeds not upon this was done out of no assumption, but for the sake
pure grain, but upon all sorts of garbage, dead mice and dead of giving greater emphasis to the address.” This does birds. There is nothing like this characteristic of the Chrisnot mend the matter much, since it has been pub. tian. He may not perhaps feed upon the viands which lished in the form of direct address; but we cannot
earthly riches can furnish, but he feeds by faith upon the livwell see how it could have been delivered in any
ing bread and the living streams, &c.-Occasional Discourses,
212. other form, though this is here faintly denied, probably from feeling, on reflection, the absurdity of the
From this and the other publications by the same ininister of the Scotch Church having adopted such author, we had culled a few flowers of rhetoric, to a mode of saying, “ Guid mornin' to your Majesty." present in a posey to our readers, but must content How, for example, would the following sentence, ourselves with the following:“ We allude to this, not to sudden but to sanctify your
High Flights. Majesty," have sounded, had it been delivered, “We It is thus that the higher you rise, the less the things on allude to this, not to sadden but to sanctify her Ma
earth appear; for instance, if you were to ascend in a balloon, jesty." But the beauty of the whole lies in the
you would see St. Paul's Cathedral look scarcely bigger than
a nutshell."-Dis. 215. preacher taking as much credit to himself for faithful
As soon may the cawing of the sea-bird uproot the rocks of dealing with royalty, as if he had been really " in
the sea, or a swarm of wasps overturn the oak, as any assaults the pulpit of the royal chapel,” and acting as “ Chap- overthrow Christianity.- Munval of Evidence, p. 136. lain of the Queen.” Just as if he would have spoken
Very Fine. in such a strain had this distinction been awarded
Thus we exert a posthumous influence which either adds an him! As if he would have been guilty of such a impulse upon the advancing chariot of salvation, or throws flourish of trumpets in the royal ears, as the follow- stumbling-blocks in its way. ing, which would not only lose its “ emphasis,” but
The Gospel sets no limits to reason but truth, none to affecbecome doubly ridiculous, if spoken without the fic
tion but love, none to desire but duty, none to hope but infi
nitude.-Baptismal Font, p. 15. tion of direct address :
This river wafts a sanctifying energy to the inmost thoughts I have been free and faithful. I am one of a long race of and imaginations of the human heart, and makes the dismantled apostolic presbyters, who have ever been noted for uncompro- wilderness to rejoice and blossom as the rose. misiog honesty. We have never learned to ask pardon for
But we have spent more time and space on the the utterance of truth. FELIX MAY TREMBLE BEFORE PAUL, BUT PAUL MUST NOT BEFORE FELIX! It (that is, not Paul
Works of Dr. Cumming than they really deserve. In or Dr. Cumming, but truth] is too vital to be trifled away in
consideration of the attention we have paid to them, compliments, or buried in cowardice. It is required of a we hope he will permit us, in conclusion, to give a steward that he be found faithful. To me, [the italics are his word or two of advice to himself. And “ for the own) to me, as to your majesty, are addressed the words; sake of giving greater emphasis to the address," we "Be faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life."
would put them in the form direct. And, first, --Occasional Discourses, pp. 96-126.
Reverend Sir, we would humbly but earnestly recomHaving had now rather more than enough of the
mend a more modest appreciation of your own gifts. * faithful Paul,” we might next give a few
identify- Not that we deny you the possession of talents. You ing traits of the eloquent Apollos.” The following have talents of a peculiar order, eminently qualifying is what the Cockneys, no doubt, would call “ very
you for small jobs—such as manuals for Scripture fine:" —
readers and Sabbath School teachers-for smart little What is the Gospel ? It is just the accents of that silver
tracts--or for illustrating your subject with apt stories trumpet that poured forth its first melody in dismantled para
and nick-nackeries gathered in the course of your dise, and is destined to be heard in yes more glorious tones, spreading every year and century, onward and onward, until
reading. You seem to have an itch for controversy, the whole heaven and earth, reconciled and blended into one for hardly is there a heresy extant, but you have deep concord, shall be vocal with the praises, &c., &c. made a snap at it as it crossed your path. In this
line also you might be useful, as the Scotch terrier is, | present to lay before our readers the more material by picking up the smaller species of vermin which points adverted to in it. The writer sets out with a infest the streets and lanes of our crowded cities. just eulogium on the Scottish Reformers, as enlighBut it would be well for you, even for your own sake, tened educationists, and then briefly suggests the to study the Horatian maxim, “Quid valeant humeri, reasons for his writing on the subject. quid ferre recusant"--in other words, “ not to exercise yourself in great matters, or in things too high to lay before your Lordship a plain statement of matters of
The object which I have in view in this communication is, for you.” In the next place, we would seriously ex
fact, furnishing what appears to me to be a demonstration hort your reverence to eschew the sad affectation of that our existing parochial school system is exceedingly imputting an Episcopalian dress over poor old Pres- perfect, being inadequate to the wants, and unsuitable to the bytery, and compelling it to assume, in your person, present condition, of society. If I succeed in convincing your the mincing airs of modern Puseyism. It was too Lordship of the real amount of existing evils, I may, at the bad of you to “ christen” that small work of yours on
same time, convey to the public information which may serve
to quicken their exertions in pressing upon the Government baptism by such a Popish-looking name as “ The the necessity of considering the subject in all its bearings. Baptismal Font.” It is apt to remind us of your old Prompt efforts to awaken the attention of Government are story of John Brown of Priesthill, whom, if we re- indeed called for by the avowed intention of the Privy Council collect aright, you represented as kneeling down on a to allocate a portion of the public money, under certain concashion, before he was shot by Claverhouse, and say the teachers, while the defects of the system are to be suffered
ditions, to the parish schools, for increasing the endowment of ing his last prayer from a prayer-book. Remain no
to remain in all their magnitude. Such an appropriation of longer, we would say, in this chrysalis state, but
any part of the grant for educational purposes, will irritate either come out at once in the full glory of the painted every individual in Scotland who looks upon the parish butterfly, or retire within the plain integuments of schools as public property, and fitted, under suitable managePresbyterian simplicity. Otherwise, rest assured the ment, to become great national blessings, but who sees, in incongruity is as apparent and laughable, to use one
their existing state, evils of which the public have just reason of your own striking metaphors, as an elephant
and which it is the duty of Government speedily with feathers, a centaur in fact as in fable.” In fine,
For many years past the unsatisfactory condition of the Reverend Sir, we would, in friendship, warn you parish schools of Scotland has been severely felt by a large against the naughty practice of making anonymous portion of the population, and several substitutes have been attacks on “ brethren better than thyselt," after hav- devised to avert the evils of a defective education, consequent
on existing arrangements. ing, in propria persona, made high and honeyed professions of brotherly love and respect for them. We private tutors to secure for their children even an ordinary remember reading in Scottish history of a certain the want of energy, consequent on the absence of rivalry and
education, which the parish school could not furnish. But warlike bishop, who was so vehement in protesting other sources of excitement, prevents, independent of other his pacific and friendly intentions, that, swearing by considerations, any such arrangement from being considered his conscience, and smiting on his breast, the corslet with favour. Private schools and academies have likewise hid beneath his pontifical robes rung responsive to
been instituted in different districts, to meet educational the action; upon which the ambassador whom he wants; but in too many instances the youth must be sent
from under parental inspection, " to strange and unknown addressed replied, “ My Lord, methinks your con- places, while they cannot rule themselves." Hence the public science clatters!” We leave your reverence to make bave a right to demand from the Government a due consiyour own application of the story.
deration of the subject; and I have no doubt that the wishes
of the community, feeling an interest in the subject, will be “THE NECESSITY OF A REFORM IN THE duly attended to. But until the origin of the present defects
be deliberately contemplated and distinctly understood, an PAROCHIAL SCHOOL SYSTEM OF SCOT- efficient movement toward reform need not be looked for. LAND." *
Let the attention, therefore, be directed, in the first instance,
to the evils complained of. We took the liberty of suggesting, some time ago, that the question which has been raised in regard The “defects of the present system of parish to Mr. M.Douall and the Hebrew chair, is one of schools” are pointed out under a variety of heads; a very wide application, including not merely the the first of which, is the“ Patronage.” Every departfour or five collegiate institutions of Scotland, but ment of the State and of the Church Establishment the whole parish schools—in fact, the whole public groans under some flagrant form of abuse in conneceducation of the country. It is one of deep im- tion with patronage. There is little free scope for portance, and we are happy to see that it is be- merit, except in so far as the country has broken ginning to be felt to be of general interest. We loose from official restrictions in Church and State. hail the appearance of an admirable pamphlet on Everywhere we see an inveterate tendency to jobs; the subject, in the form of a letter to the Lord and whereas one class of politicians formerly proAdvocate, by one who has long witnessed the ex- fessed more purity than the other, a short period of isting defects” of the parish schools, embodying a office seems to obliterate all distinction of this kind. great mass of valuable and well-digested informa- The smallest situations equally with the largest aftion. It is written in a calm spirit, and leaves an ford scope for corruption. For there is no situation irresistible impression upon the mind of the reader so paltry as not to be an object of desire on the part of the crying necessity for a sweeping change. The of many in such a country as ours, and unless the grand point is to begin filling the minds of the mode of appointment be regulated by right principle, people with correct information on the subject, and the best qualified man has little chance of success, all the more because of late an attempt has been and of course the country suffers. These remarks are made to gloss over the manifest defects of the exist- strikingly applicable to the mode of appointing parish ing system, and to secure, by mere round assertions, teachers, which is as follows:an increase of salary without a change of system. The right to elect a suitable schoolmaster for any particular For the purpose of diffusing more widely the infor- parish is vested in the heritors and minister of every parish," mation contained in this pamphlet, we propose at under very peculiar limitations. By the Act of Geo. III. • Edinburgh : Adam and Charles Black.
above referred to, sect. 22, it is enacted, in reference to the beritor as an elector, “ That it shall not be lawful for any parish schools? The reply to this important question is deterberitor, who is not a proprietor of lands within the parish to mined by statute; for in every particular case the heritors of the extent of at least £100 Scots of valued rent, appearing in £100 Scots of valued rent are invested with the power of the land-tax books of the county within which such parish is ordaining those branches of education which are to be taught, situated, to attend or vote at any meeting held pursuant to and which they may please to have “deemed most necessary this act; but every beritor qualified as above may vote by and important for the parish.” prory, or by letter under his hand." Such being the elec- Under this arrangement it is obvious, that in one parish, tonal board, as constituted by statute, its practical character accidentally under the influence of intelligent and consciena Bow falls to be examined.
tious heritors of £100 Scots of valued rent, all the important The right of election being confined to those heritors of a branches of a modern education may be satisfactorily provided parish possessed of £100 Scots in valued rent, is equivalent for at the election of a teacher; while in another parish the to the exclusion of very many proprietors and feuars, and the electors may be men of narrow selfish views, and fully disposed restriction of the privilege almost entirely to the larger pro- to avail themselves of their vested rights in retarding the proprietors. Now, it happens that very many of these proprie- gress of knowledge, in the foolish belief that ignorance and tors of £100 Scots of valued rent, are not in the habit of obedience are co-ordinate. I have heard of an elector of far. sending their children to receive any part of their education more than £100 Scots of valued rent declare, as his reason for * the parish sehool. Either private tutors are employed, or selecting a teacher of very limited acquirements, that a good the children are sent to academies and other places; and all education given to the sons of the lower classes prepared them this for the purpose of procuring a better education, or to for being formidable rivals for those places of honour and avoid the vulgarities of ordinary life. In too many instances profit which should be exclusively occupied by the scions of al that is of local character in their education is derived from the aristocracy; adding, if a farmer's son could determine by the game-keeper or the groom of the establishment. In these measurement the number of cartloads in a dunghill, he had cireumstances the electors are destitute of that personal in- gained all the mathematics he required. terest fitted to secure for the parish a suitable or sufficiently With this state of feeling in the minds of perhaps not a few qualified teacher.
of the electors, it too frequently happens that the branches of These large proprietors, selected by statute, are likewise, in knowledge “deemed most necessary and important for the very many instances, non-resident (a circumstance apparently parish” are determined so as to suit the attainments of the contemplated by the act, since it provides for voting" by favourite candidate, who, with such patrons, is not always the prory, or by letter under his hand"), and, consequently, too best qualified. citen ignorant of the wants, and indifferent to the interests So far back as 1560, it appears to have been the wish of the of the youth of the parish with which they are, by property Church that every schoolmaster should be “able to teach merely, connected. In consequence of their non-residence, grammar and the Latine tongue;" while, at a later period, their property is usually managed by law-agents, who are viz., 1706, the General Assembly recommended that “such as themselves ordinarily aggregated at the seat of the Sheriff- have power of settling schoolmasters are to prefer thereto men eart or county town, and thereby, in reference to the country who have passed their course at colleges, and have taken their parishes, equally non-resident with their constituents. Much degrees, before others who have not, cæteris paribus." It of the patronage of the parish schools thus fall into the hands would have been a cource of vast comfort to the fathers of of these law-agents; and there is ground for believing that, families in Scotland if these enlightened views of the Church in too many instances, it is employed to gratify the impor- had been carried out by the patrons of our schools. But, tunity of friends, or to strengthen private interests, consi- alas! the heritors qualified by statute had no sympathy with dering the exercise of the patronage as one of the perquisites this high standard, and I have known eight contiguous connected with the management of an estate.
parishes in a neighbouring county, the seat of the oldest of In consequence of these statutory arrangements respecting our universities, none of the schoolmasters of which could the qualification of heritors, it happens that those become teach“grammar and the Latine tongue.” electors who have little personal interest in the matter, or I am well aware that an opinion very generally prevails depute their right to agents, who usually have still less; and that the presbytery of the bounds have a right to test the thus the educational interests of the community, instead of attainments of the teacher, after his election, or before enterenjoying protection, are placed in jeopardy.
ing upon office, and must, therefore, be held responsible for It may here be said, that the minister of the parish is one his qualifications being suitable. This, however, is a mistake, of the electors, and that he, from his position, must necessarily the power being limited by the minute of election. If, for exercise a great and salutary influence at the election of the example, the favoured applicant has not been ordained by the schoolmaster. Tnis, however, is a very mistaken idea. The minute of election to teach" grammar and the Latine tongue," minister is frequently obliged, from the incapacity of the the presbytery of the bounds cannot proceed to examine him schoolmaster, to employ a private tutor for his own family, on these branches of knowledge, because the heritors of £100 or combine in an equivalent arrangement with the resident Scots of valued rent have excluded these as not “deemed most heritors and farmers of his neighbourhood; and occasionally, necessary and important for the parish.” therefore, at an election, has less interest in the matter than ought to prevail. Besides, by the peculiar provisions of the
The main defect in the existing system, of course, Act, the control of the minister is studiously circumscribed,
is said to be the present system of “tests,” by which and there is indicated a peculiar dread of clerical influence, all but members of the existing corrupt Establisheven where that influence was likely to take a salutary direc- ment are excluded from the situation of teachers tion; while there is displayed an extreme anxiety to secure to or professors. This state of matters is justly repro£100 Scots proprietors the exclusive disposal of the appoint- bated, now that the members of the Establishment ment. It is enacted: “ That in every parish where there is valy one heritor qualified as hereinafter prescribed, such heri
have degenerated into a decided minority, and the tor shall have two votes at every meeting directed to be held
least zealous minority of the community on the subpursuant to this Act; and in all meetings where no preses has ject of education. Even in England no such sweepbeen chosen, the heritor present possessed of the highest | ing control over the whole education of the kingdom valuation shall have the casting vote.”
is either conceded to, or claimed by, the colossal The patronage of the parish schools of Scotland, as thus
Establishment. constituted, is, apparently with intention, placed in other hands than those whose children are to derive the benefit of
The recognition of the Formula by the schoolmaster detergood teaching by a qualified schoolmaster, and where it appears
mines the Practice of the teacher, as far as external appearto be liable to the greatest amount of abuse,
ances are concerned. He must be, by the existing law, a
member of the Established Church, or outwardly, at least, in The next head of reformation is peculiarly impor- connection with that body of professing Christians. But the tant, viz., “the kind of instruction” communicated
members of the Established Church of Scotland do not constiin the parish schools, upon which our author remarks
tute one-third of the population, and, from their limited numas follows:-
ber, ought uot to possess the power of restricting the individuals
who are eligible to those of their own communion, although What are those branches of knowledge to which all the in other respects fully qualified for the office. Besides, the youth of Scotland have access through the medium of the possession of this known power may be used, and recently has
been used, for the purposes of persecution. The indecent haste | received a note from him, inviting me to breakfast with which the Presbyteries of the Establishment proceeded
on the following morning. It may be supposed that to the ejection of all the parochial schoolmasters and others
I did not send a declinature pleading a prior engageattached to the principles of the Free Church, stamped at once the sectarianism of the present arrangements, and furnished ment, which I might have done, for a prior engagean unanswerable argument in favour of a change. The Free
ment there was. The prior engagement was Kirk having teachers thus cast upon their charity, proceeded broken, with an explanation which was perfectly at once to give them support and employment, and thus com- satisfactory to the parties concerned; for my Edinmenced a "Scheme of Education," necessarily sectarian in burgh friends would scarcely hav been less grieved aspect, and by which there has been withdrawn a very large amount of our youth from all connection with the parish
than myself, had I missed of seeing the Doctor; and schools.
his invitation was embraced with joy. I met at It probably would admit of conclusive proof by accurate re- breakfast Dr. Candlish, and two other gentlemen turns, that the parish schools do not at present contribute to whose names I have now forgotten. the education of one-sixth of " the youth-head."
My first feeling on meeting Dr. Chalmers was one This state of matters is monstrous, and we trust of agreeable surprise. I had expected to see a tall, that ere long an universal outcry will be raised such brawny, loose-jointed, and rather uncouth man. This as no Government can disregard. Every Govern- impression had been received from reading, years ment is disposed to act on the principle of doing as ago, a description by some one of his appearance in little as possible, and giving offence to as few inter- the pulpit, in which the writer rather aimed, I supested parties as possible. To keep quiet and to pose, at depicting his eloquence than his person, and keep in office, are the objects, not to rule the coun- sought to heighten the colouring of the former at try with a view to the greatest amount of general the expense of the latter. The picture in my mind and permanent good. Meanwhile, we have much was in no way justified by the reality. He was not pleasure in commending the excellent and seasonable tall, but rather, as concerns height, of middling pamphlet to which we have referred to the attentive stature, with a well-filled, and in all points, a wellperusal of our readers.
formed person—fleshy, not fat; large, not corpulent ---just right in these respects for a man of sixty-four;
and a face which, if the finest expression of benigDR. CHALMERS.
nity, and all imaginable marks of unbounded genius, RECOLLECTIONS OF MORNINGSIDE.
have anything to do with beauty, might surely be call.
ed beautiful in the highest degree. If you had looked BY AN AMERICAN.*
upon his face in repose, you would have pronounced Now that this great and good man is dead, every
it remarkable; in the glow of animated conversation, thing relating to him is invested with a double in- you would have pronounced it beautiful. terest. It was the privilege of the writer, in the
In an instant, I felt myself at home with him, and summer of 1844, to pass a few hours in his company
at home in his house. There was something in his at Morningside, the charming retreat about two miles reception of me that implied all manner of things from Edinburgh, where he spent the closing years of fitted to make me comfortable. Not for a moment his life, and where he died. Before leaving home, did he let me feel that I was a stranger; but having on that summer's tour, when the whole prospect was
in an easy way presented me to his guests, and to before me, of wonders to be seen in Britain and on the
the various members of his family, he drew us at Continent-above London, above Edinburgh, above
once all around into a lively conversation, which ran Paris, above all places, Morningside, and above all
on to the end of the table-scene as freely as if we persons, its illustrious inhabitant, filled my eye. Dr.
had been the ordinary family circle. Chalmers was to me Scotland, Britain, Europe.
Breakfast over, the gentlemen who were present, These were the frame, he was the picture—these the except Dr. Candlish, took their leave. The ladies casket, he the diamond. And now, after the lapse retired, and Dr. Chalmers, Dr. Candlish, and myself, of three years, little as it was my fortune to see of sought the study. A moment after, the Doctor was him, Dr. Chalmers, in the retrospect, is the great called out for some purpose; and, on leaving the room, central object on which my eye loves to dwell, and
he said to me, pointing to a writing table, on which about which my thoughts love to linger. I have a
a few books were closely piled together, “There, Mr. passion for wonderful places, and for wonderful crea
there are the books that I use. All that is tions of art; but above all, I have a passion for won
Biblical is there. I have to do with nothing besides, derful men--and to me, Dr. Chalmers was the won
my Biblical study.” Of course, when he was gone, derful man of his age—the best, the wisest, the
I had the curiosity to explore this Biblical library of mightiest. From my earliest childhood his name
Dr. Chalmers, and found that it consisted of the folhas been associated in my mind with all that is great, lowing books: A Pictorial Bible, London edition, and excellent, and venerable.
published by Charles Knight & Co.; an old Cambridge Enthusiast as I was on this subject, let my disap- edition of the Bible; a Hebrew Bible and Lexicon; pointment be imagined when, on reaching the Scotch
a Scripture Concordance; a volume of Pool's Synopmetropolis, I learned that the Doctor was absent on
sis; a volume of Henry's Commentary; and Robinan excursion, upon which he had gone some days be son's Biblical Researches in Palestine. There was, fore, and that it was only possible he might return besides, a manuscript volume of his own, partly filled, during the fortnight that í had to spend in that vici- and lying open at the place, as if he had been just nity. My delight also may be imagined at receiving, writing, entitled on the back, “ Horæ Biblicæ Qnowhen my time was nearly gone, intelligence of his
tidiana.” return. I had previously left my letters of introduc
Referring to Robinson's Researches, when the tion at his house, with my address in the city; and
Doctor returned, I said, “I am proud to see my almost simultaneously with learning of his arrival, I countryman's book in this collection.” He replied, * Extracted from the Episcopal Recorder, published at Phila.
“ You may well be proud of your countryman. In delphia.
my time a better work has not been given to the