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ABYSM-ACHERON.

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abysm, abyss, i. 179; vii. 561 ; viii. 405. accept and peremptory answerPass our, iv. 501 : “Deliver our ac

ceptation of these articles,—the opinion which we shall form upon them, and our peremptory answer to each particular” (MALONE): “Pass our acceptance of what we approve, and pass a peremptory

answer to the rest” (TOLLET): See note 164, iv. 533. accite, to call, to summon : we will accite .... all our state, iv. 393 ;

He by the senate is accited home, vi. 284 ; what accites (moves, impels)

your most worshipful thought io think so? iv. 335. accommodated — Better, iv. 356 (twice); Accommodated ! it

comes of accommodo, iv. 357; Accommodated; that is ... accommodated ..., thought to be accommodated, ibid. : Accommodate, which Bardolph so ludicrously attempts to define, was a fashionable word in Shakespeare's days, and often introduced with great impro

priety: Jonson, as well as our poet, ridicules the use of it. accomplish'd with the number of thy hours, “when he was of thy

age” (MALONE), iv. 127. accordingly valiant, conformably, proportionably, valiant, iii. 240. account, accounted : account no sin, viii. 6. accuse, an accusation: false accuse, v. 146. Acheron, ü. 301 ; vi. 333; vii. 43: It is not a little amusing to find

Malone almost persuaded by a Mr. Plumptre that, in the last of the passages just referred to, the poet was thinking of “Ekron” in Scripture. Did these matter-of-fact commentators suppose that Shakespeare himself, had they been able to call him up from the dead, could have told them “all about it"? Not he ;than Fairfax, who, in his translation of the Gerusalemme (published before Macbeth was produced), has made Ismeno frequent "the shores of Acheron," without any warrant from Tasso;

“A Christian once, Macon he now adores,

Nor could he quite his wonted fait forsake,
But in his wicked arts both oft implores
Helpe from the Lord and aide from Pluto blake;
He, from deepe caues by Acherons darke shores
(Where circles vaine and spels he vo'd to make),
Taduise his king in these extremes is come;
Achitophell so counsellid Absalome.”

B. ii. st. 2, The original has merely

Ed or dalle spelonche, ove lontano

Dal volgo esercitar suol l’arti ignote,

Vien,” &c.: For instances how loosely the name Acheron is used by our early poets, see, in Sylvester's Du Bartas, ed. 1641, The Second Day of the First Week, p. 15, The Vocation, pp. 149, 155, and The Fathers, p. 162; also Hubert's Edward the Second, p. 161, ed. 1629.

-no more

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aches, make thee roar-Fill all thy bones with, i. 188 ; Aches contract

and starve your supple joints, vi. 514; Their fears of hostile strokes, their aches, losses, vi. 571 : In the above lines aches is a dissyllable, according to the usage of the poets of Shakespeare's days and of those of a much later period (Boswell adduces an instance of this pronunciation from Swift; and here is one from Blackmore,

Cripples, with aches and with age opprest,
Crawl on their crutches to the grave for rest."

Eliza, 1705, Book ix. p. 249). Achilles' spear, Is able with the change to kill and cure, -Like to,

v. 190: Telephus having been wounded by Achilles, could be cured only by the rust scraped from the spear which had caused the wound: the particulars of his story (related with some variations) may be found in the mythological writers.

(Così od' io che soleva la lancia

D'Achille, e del suo padre, esser cagione
Prima di trista, e poi di buona mancia."

Dante, Inferno, C. xxxi. 4.
And fell in speche of Telephus the king,
And of Achilles for his queinte spere,
For he coude with it bothe hele and dere,” &c.

Chaucer, The Squieres Tale, v. 10552, ed. Tyrwhitt. Tasso has

“Ahi crudo Amor! ch'egualmente n' ancide
L'assenzio e 'l mel che tu fra noi dispensi;
E d'ogni tempo egualmente mortali
Vengon da te le medicine e i mali.”

Gerus. C. iv, 92; which Fairfax chooses to render thus,

“Cupids deepe riuers haue their shallow fordes ;
His griefes bring ioyes, his losses recompences ;

He breedes the sore, and cures vs of the paine :

Achilles' lance that wounds and heales againe.") acknown on't-Be not you, Do not you confess to any knowledge

of the matter, be not acquainted with it, vii. 425. aconitum, aconite, monkshood or wolf's-bane, iv. 378. acquittance, to acquit : Your mere enforcement shall acquittance

me, v. 415.

across-Good faith. See break cross. action-taking rogue, A fellow who, if you beat him,

would bring an action for the assault, instead of resenting it like

a man of courage” (Mason), vii. 278. acture, explained by Malone as "synonymous with action," viii. 444. Adam-And called, ii. 81. An allusion to one of the three noted

outlaws, famous for their skill in archery, who figure in the spirited and picturesque ballad entitled Adam Bel, Clym of the Cloughe, and Wyllyam of Cloudesle: see it in Ritson's one-volume collec

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tion, Anc. Pop. Poetry, and in Percy's Rel. of A. E. Poetry, vol. i.

p. 154, ed. 1794. Adam Cupid, vi. 409: see note 39, vi. 481. Adam was a gardener, v. 172: An allusion most probably to the old

rhyme, “When Adam delv'd, and Eve span,” &c. adamant, the magnet, the loadstone : hard - hearted adamant, ii.

279; As iron to adamant, vi. 52. addiction, inclination : to what sport and revels his addiction leads

him, vii. 403. addiction, the being addicted or given to : Since his addiction was

to courses vain, iv. 423. addition, title, mark of distinction : Bull-bearing Milo his addition

yield, vi. 42; his addition shall be humble, vi. 50; A great addition earned in thy death, vi. 76 ; Bear Th' addition nobly ever, vi. 157; In which addition, hail, vii. 11 ; whereby he does receive Particular addition, vii. 34 ; with swinish phrase Soil our addition (“disparage us by using as characteristic of us, terms that imply or impute swinish properties, that fix a swinish addition or title to our names" (CALDECOTT), vii. 120; the least syllable of thy addition, vii. 279; no addition, nor my wish, vii. 435; the addition Whose want even kills me, vii. 439; they are devils' additions, i. 372; Where great additions swell's, iii. 233; hath robbed many beasts of their particular additions (“their peculiar and characteristic qualities or de

nominations,” MALONE), vi. 9; all th' additions to a king, vii. 253. addition, exaggeration : Truly to speak, sir, and with no addition,

vii. 178. address, to prepare, to make ready: address me to my appointment,

i. 392; he does address himself unto, iii. 254 ; address yourself to entertain them, iii. 467 ; address thee instantly, v. 194; Let us address to tend on Hector's heels, vi. 71; address Itself to motion, vii. 114; Were all address’d to meet you, ii. 177; the Prologue is address'd, ii. 315; have I address'd me, ii. 374; Address’d a mighty power, iii. 76 ; Our

navy is address’d, iv. 376; for the march are we addrest, iv. 456 ; He is address'd, vi. 647; address'd them Again to sleep, vii, 23 ;

Even in your armours, as you are address'd, viii. 29; address'd to answer

his desire, viii, 333. admiral, the chief ship of a fleet (if not that which carried the

admiral): thou art our admiral, iv. 259; Th' Antoniad, the Egyptian

admiral, vii. 551. admittance, fashion : of great admittance (admitted into the best

company-of high fashion), i. 370; of Venetian admittance, i. 382. Adonis' gardens, That one day bloom'd, and fruitful were the next,

v. 21 : “The proverb alluded to seems always to have been used in a bad sense, for things which make a fair show for a few

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ADVANCE-ADVISEDLY.

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days, and then wither away: but the (unknown] author of this play, desirous of making a show of his learning, without considering its propriety, has made the Dauphin apply it as an encomium. There is a very good account of it in Erasmus's Adagia" (BLAKE

WAY). advance this jewel, “ prefer it, raise it to honour by wearing it"

(JOHNSON), vi. 520. advancement-His own disorders Deserv'd much less, vii. 289 :

Certainly means, that Kent's disorders had entitled him even to a

post of less honour than the stocks” (STEEVENS). adversaries do in law-As, iï. 128: Here by adversaries we are to

understand the counsel of adversaries. adversity!-Well said, vi. 81 : see note 147, vi. 124. advertise-To one that can my part in him, “ To one who is himself

already sufficiently conversant with the nature and duties of my

office” (MALONE), i. 446. advertisement, admonition, moral instruction : my griefs cry

louder than advertisement, ii. 129. advertising and holy to your business, “ attentive and faithful to,"

&c. (Johnson), i. 517. advice, consideration : with more advice, ... without advice, i. 285;

after more advice, i. 519 ; upon more advice, ii. 407 ; upon advice, iii. 117; vi. 294 ; lack advice, iii. 248; upon good advice, iv. 119; on our more advice, iv. 439 (see note 40, iv. 515); with advice and silent

secrecy, v. 135; Out of your best advice, vii. 640. advise, equivalent to persuade: Signior Leonato, let the friar advise

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you, ii. 124.

advise, followed by you, thee, &c., to consider : Advise you what

you say, iii. 382; bid thy master well advise himself, iv. 463; Advise

thee, Aaron, what is to be done, vi. 330; Advise yourself, vii. 275. advised, deliberate : advised watch, ii. 349; advis'd respect, iv. 55;

advised purpose, iv. 117. advised, aware, cautious, circumspect, considerate : I am advised

what I say (I am not going to speak precipitately or rashly, but on reflection and consideration," STEEVENS), ii. 48; And were you well advis’d (" acting with sufficient deliberation,” STEEVENS)? ii. 223; therefore be advis'd, ii. 359; Be well advis’d, iv. 29 ; You were advis'd his flesh was capable, &c. iv. 319; Th' advised head, iv.

advis'd? v. 129; bid me be advised how I tread, v. 140 ; livery of advised age, v. 194 ; being well advis'd, v. 371 ; bade me be advis’d, v. 383; any well-advisèd friend, v. 439; general, be

advis'd, vii. 382 ; 0, be advis'd, viii. 259. advisedly, deliberately, ii. 415; iv. 277 ; viii. 331, 339.

429;

Are ye

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aery, the nest, also the young brood in the nest, of an eagle, hawk,

or other bird of prey, iv. 68; v. 370. aery of children, little eyases, that cry out on the top of question-An,

vii. 140 : “Shakespeare here alludes to the encouragement at that time given to some 'eyry' or nest of children, or "eyases' (young hawks) (see eyases], who spoke in a high tone of voice. There were several companies of young performers about this date engaged in acting, but chiefly the Children of Paul's and the Children of the Revels, who, it seems, were highly applauded, to the injury of the companies of adult performers. From an early date the choir- boys of St. Paul's, Westminster, Windsor, and the Chapel Royal, had been occasionally so employed, and performed at

Court" (COLLIER). Æsop fable, &c.Let, v. 314: "The Prince calls Richard, for his

crookedness, Æsop,” &c. (Johnson). affect, to love (" To affect (love), Diligo." Coles's Lat. & Engl. Dict.):

a lady. whom I affect, i. 293 ; Dost thou affect her? ii. 82; I do affect the very ground, ii. 175; If you affect him, iii. 128; she did affect me, üi. 355 ; Sir John affects thy wife, i. 362; since he affects

her most, v. 81 ; And may, for aught thou kenov'st, affected be, vi. 298. affect the letter, affect, practise alliteration, ii. 194. affection, imagination, or "the disposition of the mind when

strongly affected or possessed by a particular idea" (MALONE) :

Affection! thy intention stabs the centre, iii. 424. affection, sympathy: affection, Master of passion, ii. 396. affection, affectation : witty without affection, ii. 207; indict (con

vict) the author of affection, vii. 143. affectioned, affected, iï. 350. affects, affections: shifts to strange affects, i. 477; every man with

his affects is born, ii. 167 ; to banish their affects with him, iv. 121 ;

the young affects In me defunct, vii. 391 (see note 23, vii. 474). affeer'd, (a law-term) confirmed, established, vii. 54. affin'd, joined by affinity, vi. 17 ; Whether I in any just term am

affin'd To love the Moor (“Do I stand within any such terms of propinquity or relation to the Moor, as that it is my duty to love him?" JOHNSON), vii. 376; If partially affin'd, or leagu'd in office (Here affin'dmeans “related by nearness of office',” STEEVENS),

vii. 409. affront, a meeting face to face, a hostile encounter : That gave

th' affront with them, vii. 714. affront, to meet, to encounter : Affront his eye, iii. 492 ; Affront

Ophelia, vii. 148; Your preparation can affront no less Than what you hear of (" Your forces are able to face such an army as we

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