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A SELECT COLLECTION OF FUGITIVE PIECES.
baptisms are excluded from some of No. L.
the registers, and the interment of still-born and unbaptised children is
in others included if it followed, that “ The mind of man not being capable of
the excess of births" above deaths was having many ideas under view at once,
still greater than the abstracts of parishit was necessary to have a REPOSITORY to registers exbibited. Admitting a requilay up those ideas."-LOCKE.
site but conjectural correction upon ON TIE INCREASING POPULOUSNESS or
this ground, the proportion of births to deaths on a medium of the first len
years of the present century, has been The inquiry instituted and census taken at 16 to 10;1 a proportion conresults as extraordinary as unexpected; a rich and
and well-peopled territory, showing an accelerated progress of in- showing a rate of increase, which, as creasing population in Great Britain, remarked concerning it, cannot be per. at the close of the last century and manent; and which it would be uoreabeginning of the presents which was sonable to expect should endure for any thought very unlikely to continue with long continuance.** like rapidits in future.
There seems reason, however, to be The proportion of births to deaths lieve, that the accelerated progress of had been estimated at 11 to 10, about increase, exhibited by the growing ratio the middle of the past century :* and of excess of births above deaths to the that estimate has not been deened ma- whole population, has yet received no terially defective. In the latter part check; and that the augmentation of of the century (taking a period of the people is proceeding with a rapi. twenty years), the proportion of re- dily as great in the second as in the first gistered baptisms to burials in all Eng: decade of the century. As this is a land and Wales, was found to be 13 point of much moment in connection to 10; and, on an average of the last with many important considerations. five years of it, 137 to 100. In the the grounds of the opinion now stated first decade of the present age, the pro. will be given ; and with as much breportion exhibited by the returns of vity as the nature of the subject allows. parish-abstracts was 148 to 100 ; and The Bills of Mortality of London, for the last five years of this decen- annually publisbed, exbibit in the past, pial period, 151 to 100.
century an excess of burials abore bap. As the registers of baptisms are known tisms progressively diminishing, until to be more defective than those of nearly equalized in the latter part of it: funerals ; among other reasons, be- the average of the last five years shor, cause many dissenters from the estab. ing the proportion of 98 baptisms to 100 lished church bury their dead in the funerals.tt From the begioning of the parish cemetery, who have not their present century, the registered baptisms children baptised according to the rites have exceeded the burials : the ratio of the church; and because private for the first five years beiog 108 to
* Dr. Short. Net Obs. 22 and 24,
+ In 20 years(1780–1800) 6,014,899 baptisms, and 3,840,455 burials; annual average, 250.745 to 192,023, or 131 : 100,
In 5 last years (1796-1800), average 255,426 to 186,000, or 137: 100.
Pop. Abs. Prel. Obs. 22.
In the bills of mortality for London, abortive and still-born children are included in the burials, to the number of about 600 annually; Price, Rer. Paym. In 10 years (1801-1810), 5497; Milne, Ann. In the 5 last years (1813-1817), 3531, or, on an average, 710; Bills Morl. The whole number of still-born must be much greater ; being in proportion of 5 to 100 born alive; Dr. Clark. The unbaptiscd are not fewer ; for more die in the first fortnight, than are still-born; ib. but not all christened.
1 Add one-sixth to the registered baptisms : and one-twelfth to the registered burials ; dlaltius, Pop. ii.
** Mallhus. tt In five years, 1781–1793, Bap. 86,316, Bur. 94,403, Aver. 17,963:18,991.
five years, 1786--1800, Bap. 93,511, Sur. 93,059, Aver, 18,700: 19,152.
100,* and fois ten nearly the same; 1810 ; the proportion being severally, and the excess has increased in the 96 to 100; 110 to 100; and 108 to present decade, the ratio being for the 100.1 The excess of registered births elapsed portion of it, 115 to 100, and above deaths is become yet grealer, for the last three years, 119 to 100.+ being for the seven years which have
The Bills of Mortality are not sup. since elapsed, 138 to 100; and for the posed to be quite accurate. It appears three last, 157 to 100.* from the parish abstracts, relurned un. Jo the parish of Marylebone, the bus. der the Population Acts, that in the rials of persons denominated foreigners Jast twenty years of the past century, amoant to rather more than 165 annuthe proportion of baptisnus to burials ally; and if these were excluded, the was 92 to 100 ; but, according to the excess of births above deaths would bills, 91 to 100:$ and in the first ten appear to be yet greater. years of the present century, lll to One of the most populous parishes 100 ; but, according to the bills, 108 to beyond the precincts of the metropolis 100. Presuming that the bills of mors is Hanipstead. Being a resort of the tality will not prove to be now more sick on account of the reputed salu. inaccurate, compared with the abstracts brily of the spot, many sojourners die to be returned for a future census, than and are iuterred there, and the fulle. heretofore, there appears to be suffi. rals, according to the abstracts relurned cient evidence, that the excess of births for the census, continued to exceed the above the deaths within the metropolis baptisms to the latest period of those is in progress of increase. The town returns (1810). The population of the thea is no longer a drain upon the coun- place was 4313 in 1x01, and 5193 in try for maintaining the number of its 1811 ; but the funerals in the interjohabitants, which it upholds and even mediate ten years were 1377, and bape augments.
tisms 1124. An accession of inhabit. Marylebone, which is not included ants replaced the deficiency and
auso within the bills of inortalily, is tlie most
mented the pumber is no lesz a ratio populous perisb in Great Britain. The than as 5 to 4. number of its inhabitants, which was In the last five years, the baptisms 63,9:2, according to the enameralion in this parish have been 6:6, and bu. in 1801, and 75,624 accordiog to that rials 142 ; or in the proportion of 101
of 1811, is almost a twelfth part of the to 100 nearly ; instead of the former · population of the metropolis, and 125th ratio 82 to 100, on the mediuni of len of that of England. It equals, or nearly years ++. does so, the aggregate of other parishes As an instance of a rural parish in the contiguous to Loudon, and comprising a vicinity of the metropolis, more than portion of the suburbs, though not coin- eight and less than ten miles distant prehended in the bills of mortality.|| from it, the parish of Edgeware has
The registered haplisms in this parish been taken, and upon no other ground of Dearly equalled the burials in the ten selection besides the accidental circop. years from 1781 to 1790 ; and exceeded stanceoffacility in consulting its register. them in the next ten, 1791 lo 1800 ; The proportion of birthis to deaths as also in the len following, so to has in i his parish increased from the * In hve years, 1501-1505, Bap. 109,35), Bur. 92,256, Aver. 20,111:18,571.
ten years, 1801--1810. Bap. 199,797, Bur. 185,736 + Io seven years, 1811-1817, Bap. 152 871, Bur. 133,287, Aver 21.599: 19,041,
three years, 1815--1817. Bap. 71,124, Bur. 59,844, Aver. 2.3,708: 19,921. | Abstracts of Par. Reg. 1181-1800, Bap. 394,309, Bur 492.404. Bills of Mortality..
Bap. 366,191, Bur. 389,491,
Bap. 199,797, Bur. 185,655. || Paneras. Paddington, Kensington, and Chelsea, convained 53,922 inhabitants in 1801, and 10,080 in 1811. To the five out parishes inentioned, Camberwell should be added; it contained 7059 persons in 1801, and 11,309 in 1811. I lo ten years, 1781-1790), Bap. 12,325, Bur. 12,571.
1791–1800, Bap. 17,410, Bur. 14,880.
Printed Acc. Rec. and Dish, of the Rates of St. Marylebone, " In seven years, 1811-1817, Bap. 57.432, Bur. 12,660, Aver. 2.490: 1,809. three years, 1815--1817, Bap. 7,977, Bur. 5,089, Aver, 2,659:1,696,
1801-1810, Bap. 1,124, Bur. 1,377.
++ In ten years,
ratio of 129: 100, which the average of suspended- The blood recoiled in my ten years exhibited to that of 138 : 100, veins, and flowed back to its source, on the medium of the sevea subsequent almost checking life's animation-My years; and 147 :100 in the three last. * eyes swam-An intensely acute pain
Considering that Marylebone, Hamp. passed with burning heat through my stead, and Edgeware, are no unfair spe. hrain, my heart beat io rapid palpita. cimens of three classes of parishes in and tion, and I clung nearly senseless to near London, it is apparent from these the iron railing of the weighbouring instances, in concurrence with the bills building-She passed on-A frightful of mortality, that witbin the metropolis glare of indignant hate lashed from and its immediale vicinity, the popula. her eyes-Scorn mounted her bror, tion of which is not less than a lenih of Pride sat on her lip, aud curses qui. that of Great Britain,t the nurober of vered on her tongue-Her whole couninbabitavis has continued to increase tenance bespoke demoniacal revenge since the census of isil; and at an ac. I suddenly recovered myself, and jo celerated rate. Aod, as the number of the bitterness of my feelings I gave inbabitants of all Great Britain has bi. utterance to these words "May this tberto been found to increase faster hour be the forerunner of thy future than that of the metropolis, it seems misery- May each monent of pleasure fairly to be inferred as a probable re- be repaid by its attendant day of paiosult to be expected from the next cen. May the cankerworm of fear westie in aus, that the population of all Great thy bosom, and pillow ou thy heart Britain will appear to have been in- May the expectancy of hope but increasing to this tiine with yet greater crease the regret of disappointmentrapidiiy than the results of the former May sorrow wreathe itself with thy joys census showed.
in inextricable folds- May Misery be To bring this conclusion to the test around thy bed, and wait in ali its of a comparison with information col. hideousness of form encircle the couch lected from remoie parts of the kingo -May thy sleep be waking, thy dreams dom, would require more extensive re- terrors, thy rest res:less-May the future search, than can well be undertaken breath of Love be more baneful than by an individual. The registers of a the uoxious blast of the wpas treem few distant parishes have been con- May the day of thy marriage be the sulted ; and ihe results, as might be elernity of ihy wretchedness – May thy expected, are various. It is, however, children be conceived in contention, conceived, that the continued rapid generated io strife, and born in hatred growth of the capital city does assuredly - May the continuance of thy life be indicate a continuance of quick increase the prolongation of thy sufferingsof populousness of the country in gene. And on! when death's disease shall in. ral.
H. T.C. vade iny wasted form, way the billerJournal of Science, No. XV. ness of recollection burst upon thy
memory, and in incessant repetitionA FRAGMENT.
recall the perfidy jou practised, the
But he did awake deception you pursued - Then may you To curse the withered heart that would not
perceive, whev it is too late, the folly of break.
BYRON'S Lara. ine pride you gloried in, the tinsel gtare in the streets of
- Theo will your vitierest curse be to Seven years had sped their rapid round unc a blessing your imprecations will since we parted --Paio and Pleasure, impart to me happiness, and I shall be Hope and Fear, had in the interval held happy-And it Thal nioment can lie their alternate sway - We again me harbed with one more piercing pang, So unexpected was the meeting, that I may it be, that you may know-I have stood as it were firnily rivelled to the forgiven you." ground - The use of my limbs secmed
# ATALABA. * In ten years, 1501-1810, Bap. lll, Bu. 9
Seven years, 1811 - 1817, Bap. 105, Bu. 76, Aver. 15:11.
1813-117, Bap. 87, Bei, 59, Aver. 17:12. Population, 412 in 1801; and 543 in 1811. + The population of Lonion and its neighbourhood, within eight miles around the cathedral of St. Paul's, was 1,220.000, according in the cenfus nf 1811 ; and that of all Great Britain, with the army and navy, was 12,586,803. Pop. Aos. Carrying the vicipage to len miles, the proportiou is as stated,
WHO we met of
QUID SIT POLCHRUM, QUID TURPE, quid UTILE, QUID NON.
mnirs of Ike Court of Quren Elizabeth. In that turbulent period, so fertile in By Miss Aikin. 2 vols. 8vo. calamilies and crimes, the state of Ire.
land was truly afflictive. The following INHERE are few English by whom touching narrative of the unfortunate TI
1. the title-page of this work can be Fitzgerald illustrates the character of received with indifference. At the men. Henry, who if not so subtle as Tiberius, tion of Elizabeth and her Court, the in his declining years became equally imagination kindles with enthusiasm ; cruel and vindictive. our pairiotic sentiments are awakened ; “ Soon after these events, Henrs con. and we treely indulge in retrospectious firmed the new impressions which his which llallet our national pride, and subjects had received of his character, exalt our sense of oational importance, by an act of extraordinary, but not un. The specious Leicester and the faithful provoked, severity, which involved in Cecil, the impetuous Essex and the destruction one of the most ancient and heroic Sidney. rise in succision; whilst powerful houses among the peerage of the lofty magnificence of Kenilworih, Ireland. that of Fitzgerald Earl of Kil, the manques and revels, and tilts and dare. The nobleman who now bore this tournaments, fit before us. In this lille had warried for his second wife magic circle of you'h and beauty and Lady Elizabeth Grey, daughter of the royally, we catch the chivalrous strains first Marquis of Dorset, and first-cousia of Speiser, and the more exquisite strain to the king by his mother; fic had been of nature from Shakspeare Under the favoured al court, and was at this time auspices of the maiden queen, we behoid lord deputy of Ireland. But the country the English drama called into existence, heing in very disturbed state, and tbo and wisness the consecrativo, if not the deputy accused of many acts of violence.. creation, of national literature. Soch is he had obeyed with great reluctance the period selected by Miss Aikin. To a summons to answer for his conduct say that she has proved herself adequate before the king in council, leaving his to the task, and worthy of her subject, eldest son to exercise his office during in brief, but comprehensive, praise: and his absence. On his arrival, he was might, perhaps, entitie her to take a comunitted to the Tower; and his son, place with the first historical writers of alarmed by the false report of his having modern Europe She is unquestionably lost his head, broke out immediately the first of our age and country who has into a furious rebellion. After a temidentified with the philosophical bisto- porary success, Thomas Fiizgerald was rian the descriptive narrator and the reduced to great difficuliies : at the minute biographer. Tugiving accurale same tiine a promise of pardon was details of customs, usages, and man- held out to him; and confiding in it, ners, she has not omitted to present he surrendered himself to Lord Leonard, a regular series of political events, nor Grey, brother to the countess bis stepforgollen to like wide sud comprehen. mother. His five uncles, also implio sive views of human society in her rich cated in the guilt of rebellion, were. and interesting sketches of domestic seized by surprise, or deceived into Literature. The life of Elizabeth com., submission. The whole six were tbeo mences with her birth, and very properly conveyed to England in the same ship: includes a portion of her falbor's reigd and ail, in spite of the entreaties and
remonstrances of Lord Leonard Grey, the hope of being able to afford effeewho considered his own honour as tual protection to her unfortunate pledged for the safety of their lives, nephew, she now consented to were hanged at Tyburn.
inimediate union; and taking Gerald " The aged earl bad died in the Tower along with her to her new home in on receiving news of his son's rash enter the county of Donegal, she there hosprise ; and a posthumous attainder be. pitably entertained him for about a ing issued agaiost him, his lands and year. But the jealous spirit of tbe goods were forfeited. The king how- implacable king seemed to know do ever, in pity to the widow, and as rest while this devoled youth still a slight atonement for $0 cruel an breathed the air of liberty, and he injustice, permitted one of her daugh. caused a great reward to be offered ters to retain some poor remains of for his apprehension, which the basethe family plate and valuables ; and minded O'Donnel immediately sought another of them, coming to England, to appropriate by delivering him up; appears to have received ber educa. Fortunately the Lady Llenor discovered tion at Hunsdon Palace with the Prin- bis intentions in tiine; and instantly cesses Mary and Elizabeth her relations. causing her nephew to disguise bis perHere she was seen by Henry Earl of son, and storing him, like a bouutiful Surry, whose chaste and elegant muse aunt, with “ sevenscore Portugueses," has handed her down to posterity as she put bin under the charge of the lovely Geraldine, the object of his Leverous and an old servant of his fervent but fruitless devotion. She was father's, and shipped him on board a married first lo Sir Anthony Brown, and vessel bound for St. Malo's. afterwards became the wife of the Earl “ Having thus secured bis escape, of Lincoln, surviving by many years she loftily expostulated with her bus. her noble and unfortunate admirer. band on his villainy in plotting to be
“ The Countess of Kildare, and the tray her kinsman, whoin sbe bad stiyounger of her two sons, likewise re. pulated that he should prolect to the mai ped in Englaod obscure and uo- utmost of his power ; and sbe bid him inolested; but the merciless rancour know, that as the danger of the youth of Henry against the house of Fitzhad alone induced ber to form any gerald still pursued its destitute and connexion with him, so the assurance unoffending heir, wbo was struggling of his safety should cause her to se. through a series of adveotures the most quester herself for ever from the soperilous and the most romantic, ciely of so basc and mercenary a wretch:
This boy, named Gerald, then about and hereupon, collecting all that betwelve years old, had been left hg his longed to ber, she quitted O'Donnel father at a house in Kildare, under the and returned to her own country.” care and tuition of Leverous a priest, The adventures of the unfortunate who was liis foster brother. The child Gerald are coutinued, aod form a bigbig was lying ill of the small-pox, when the interesting episode. Miss Aikin is eni. news arrived that his brother and uncles nently successful, in the grace with had been sent prisoners to England: which she introduces these digressions, but his affectionate guardian, justly' or rather illustrations of history, which apprehensive of grea!er danger to his are, perhaps, necessary to elucidate the young charge, wrapped him up as care- character of the age. On this subject fully as he could, and conveyed him she makes a remark, not more admirable away with all speed to the house of one for its philosophical truth than for the of his sisters, where he remained till be eloquence with which it is expressed. was quite recovered. Thence his tutor "It is melancholy, it is even disgust. removed him successively into the ter. ing, to dwell upon these acts of legalized ritories of two or three different Irish atrocily, but let it be allowed that it is chieftains, who sheltered him for about important and instructive. They forın three quarters of a year; after which he unhappily a leading feature of the ad. carried him to his all the Lady Ele- ministration of Henry VIII. during the wor, at that time widow of a chief latter years of his reign; they exbibit naned Maccarly Reagh.
in the most striking point of view the " This lady had long been sought sentiments and practices of the age : in marriage by O'Donnel. Lord of Tyr. and nay assist us to form a juster connel, to whose quit sie had been estimate of ibe character and conduct unpropitious ; but wrougbt upon by of Elizabeth, whose infant injud was?