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A SELECT COLLECTION OF FUGITIVE PIECES.

ON TIE INCREASING POPULOUSNESS OP

ENGLAND.

THE REPOSITORY.

baptisms are excluded from some of No. L.

the registers, and the interment of still-born and unbaptised children is

in others included; it followed, that “ The mind of man not being capable of the excess of births" above dealbs was

having many ideas uoder view at once, still greater than the abstracts of parish. it was necessary to have a REPOSITORY to registers exbibited. Admitting a requilay up those ideas."-LOCKE.

site but conjectural correction upon this ground, the proportion of births to deaths on a medium of the first ten

years of the present century, has been TH THE inquiry instituted and census taken at 16 to 10:1 a proportion con

taken in 1801 avd 1811, presented sidered to be quite extraordioary for results as extraordinary as unexpected ; a rich and well-peopled territory; skowing an accelerated progress of in- showing a rate of increase, which, as creasing population in Great Britain, remarked concerning it, cannot be per. at the close of the last century and manent; and which it would be uoreabeginning of the present, which was sonable to expect should endure for any thought very unlikely to continue with long continuance.** like rapidits in future.

There seems reason, however, to be. The proportion of births to deaths lieve, that the accelerated progress of had been estimated at 11 to 10, about increase, exbibited by the growing ratio the middle of the past century :* and of excess of births above deaths to the that estimate has not been deened ma- whole population, has yet received no terially defective. In tbe laiter part check ; and that the augmentation of of the century (taking a period of the peopic is proceeding with a rapi. twenty years), the proportion of re- dily as great in the second as in the first gistered baptisms to burials in all Eng: decade of the century. As this is a land and Wales, was found to be 13 point of much moment in connection to 10; and, on an average of the last with many important considerations. five years of it, 137 to 100. In the the grounds of ihe opinion now stated first decade of the present age, the pro. will be given ; and with as much breportion exhibited by the returns of vity as the nature of the subject allows. parish-abstracis was 148 to 100 ; and The Bills of Mortality of London. for the last five years of this decen. annually published, exbibit in the past nial period, 151 to 100.

century an excess of burials above bapAs the registers of baptisms are known tisms progressively diminishing, until to be more defective than those of nearly equalized in the latter part of it: funerals; among other reasons, be- the average of the last five years shor. cause many dissenters from the estab. ing the proportion of 98 baptisms to 100 lished church bury their dead in the funerals.tt From the begioning of the parish cemetery, who have not their present century, the registered baptisms children baptised according to the rites have exceeded the burials; the ratio of the church; and because private for the first five years beiog 108 to

* Dr. Short. New Obs. 22 and 24. + In 20 years (1780–1800) 4,014,899 baptisms, and 3,840,455 burials; annual average, 250,745 to 192,023, or 131:100.

1o 5 last years (1796–1800), average 255,426 to 186,000, or 137:100.
# In 10 years (1801-1810), 2,878,906 hapt. 1,950,189 hur, or 118:100.
1o 5 last years (1806-1810), average 297,000 10 196,000, or 151:100.

Pop. Abs, Prel. Obs. 22. | In the bills of mortality for London, abortive and still-born children are included in the burials, to the pumber of about 600 annually; Price. Rer. Paym. In 10 years (1801-1810), 5437; Milne, Ann. Io the 5 last years (1813-1817), 3531 , or, on an arerage, 710; Bills Mort. The whole number of still-born must be much greater ; being in proportion of 5 to 100 born alive; Dr. Clark. The unbaptised are not fewer ; for more die in the first fortnight, than are still-born; ib. but not all amchristened.

1 Add one-sixth to the registered baptisms: and one-twelfth to the registered burials ; dlaltius, Pop. ii.

** Mallhus. ++ In five years, 1781-1795, Bar. 86,316, Bur. 91,163, Aver. 17,263: 18,891.

five years, 1796--1500, Bap. 93,544, Sur. 93,639, Aver. 18,709: 19,132.

100;* and for ten nearly the same; 1810 ; the proportion being severally, and the excess has increased in the 96 to 100; 110 to 100; and 108 to present decade, the ratio being for the 100.1 The excess of registered births elapsed portion of it, 115 to 100, and above deaths is become yet grealer, for the last three years, 119 to 100.+ being for the seven years which have

The Bills of Mortality are not sup- since elapsed, 138 to 100; and for the posed to be quite accurate. It appears three last, 157 to 100.** from the parish abstracts, relurned un. In the parish of Marylebone, the byder the Population Acts, that in the rials of persons denominated foreigners Jast twenty years of the past century,

amount to rather more than 165 annuthe proportion of baptisrus to burials ally; and if these were excluded, the was 92 to 100 ; but, according to the excess of births above deaths would bills, 91 to 100:1 and in the first ten appear to be yet greater. years of the present century, ill to One of the most populous parishes 100; but, according to the bills, 108 to beyond the precincts of the metropolis 100. Presuming that the bills of mor. is Hampstead. Being a resort of the tality will not prove to be now more sick on account of the reputed saluinaccurate, compared with the abstracts brily of the spot, many sojourners die to be returned for a future census, than aod are interred there, and the furie. herelofore, there appears to be suffi. rals, according to the abstracts relurned eient evidence, that the excess of births for the census, continued to exceed the above the deaths within the metropolis baptisms to the latest period of those is in progress of increase. The town returns (1810). "The population of the thea is uo longer a drain upon the coun. place was 4313 in 180i, and 5193 in try for maintaining the number of its 1811; but the funerals in the interinhabitants, which it upholds and even mediate ten years were 1377, and bape augments.

tisms 1124. An accession of inhabite Marylebone, which is not included ants replaced the deficiency and ang witbio the bills of inortalily, is the inost mented the vumber io no less a ratio populous parisb in Great Britain. The than as 5 to 4. number of its inhabitants, which was In the last five years, the baptisms 63,9:2, according to the en ameralion in this parish have been 6.6, and bu. in 1801, and 73,624 accordiog to that rials 142 ; or in the proportion of 101

of 1811, is almost a twelfth part of the to 100 nearly; instead of the former : population of the metropolis, and 125th ratio 82 to 100, on the medium of teo

or that of England. Il equals, or nearly years. ++ does so, the aggregate of other parishes As an instance of a rural parish in the contiguous to London, and comprising a vicinity of the metropolis, more than portion of the suburbs, Lhough not coin. eight and less than len miles distant prehended in the bills of inortality. from it, the parish of Edgeware bas

The registered baplisms in this parish been laken, and upon no other ground of Dearly equalled the burials in the ten selection besides the accidental circum. years from 1781 to 1790 ; and exceeded stanceoffacility in consulting its register. i hcm in the next ten, 1791 lo 1800 ; The proportion of birllin to dealhs as also in the ten following. 1801 to has in inis parish increased from the • In five years, 1501-1505, Bisph. 109,555, Bur. 92,156, Aver. 20,10):18,571.

ten years, 1901-1810. Bap. 199.797, Bur. 195,736 + In seven years, 1811-1817, B:1p. 152 571, Bur. 133,287, Aver 21.639:19,041.

three years, 1815--1817, Bap. 71,124, Bur. 59,814, Aver. 23,708:19,921,
Abstracts of Par, Reg. 1181–1800, Bap. 994,309, Bur 422.404.
Bills of Mortality..

Bap. 366,191, Bur. 389,491.
Abstracts of Par. Reg. 180!–1810, Rap. 210,454, Bur. 185,910.
Bills of Mortality...

Bap. 199,797, Bur. 185,655. !! Paprras. Paddington, Kensington, and Chelsea, contained 53,922 inhabitants in 180), and 80,080 in 1811. To the five out parishes inentioned, Camberwell should be added; it contained 7059 persons in 1801, and 11,309 in 1811. 1 ln ten years, 1781-1796), Bap. 12,325, Bur. 12,971.

1791–1800, Bap. 17,410, Bur. 14,880.
1801-1810, Bap. 18,991, Bur. 17.553.

Printed Ace. Rec. and Dist, of the Rates of St. Marylebone, ** In seven years, 1811-1817, Dap. 57.439, Bur. 12,660, Aver. 2,490:1,809.

thiee years, 1815--1817, Bap. 7,977, Bur. 5,189, Aver, 2,659:1,696., tt lo len years,

1801-1810, Bap. 1,194, Bur. 1,377.
five years, 1813-1817, Bap. 6/6, Bur. 612, Aver. . 129: 128.

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ratio of 125: 100, which the average of suspended - The blood recoiled io mby

years exhibited to that of 138:100, veins, and flowed back to its source, on the medium of the seven subsequent almost checking life's animation-My years ; and 147: 100 in the three last.*

eyes swam-An intensely acute pain Considering that Marylebone, Hamp- passed with burning heat through iny stead, and Edgeware, are no unfair spe- hrajn, my heart beat in rapid palpitacimens of three classes of parishes in and tion, and I clung nearly senseless to uear Loudon, it is apparent from these the iron railing of the weighbouring instances, in concurrence with the bills building-she passed on-A frightful of mortality, that witbin the metropolis glare of indigoant hate lashed froin and its immediate vicinity, the popula. her eyes-Scorn mounted her brow, tion of which is not less than a centh of Pride sat on her lip, aud curses qui that of Great Britain, + the puinber of vered on her tongue-Her whole coun. inbabitauis has continued to increase tenance bespoke denuoniacal revengesince the census of 181l; and at an ac. I suddenly recovered myself, and in celerated rate. And, as the number of the bitterness of my feelings I gave inbabitants of all Great Britain has hi. utterance to these words-May this therto been found to increase faster hour be the forerunner of thy future than that of the metropolis, it seems misery – May each noinent of pleasure fairly to be inferred as a probable re- be repaid by its attendant day of paiosult to be expected from the next cen- May the caukerworm of fear isestie in sus, that the population of all Great thy bosom, and pillow on thy heart Britain will appear to bave been in- May the expectancy of hope but increasing to this time with yet greater crease the regret of disappointmentrapidity than the results of the former May sorrow wreatbe itself with thy joys census showed.

in inextricable folds- May Misery be To bring this conclusion to the test around thy bed, and wait in all its of a comparison with information cola hideousness of form encircle thy couch lected from remoie parts of the kingo -May thy sleep be waking, thy dreams dom, would require more extensive re- terrors, thy rest res less-May the future search, thau can well be undertaken breath of Love be more baneful than by an individual. The registers of a the woxious blast of ihe upas treefew distant parishes have been con- May ibe day of thy marriage be the sulted: and ihe results, as might be eternity of ihy wretcheduess - May thy expected, are various. It is, however, children be conceived in contention, conceivel, that the continued rapid generated in strife, and born in hatred growth of the capital city does assuredly -May the continuance of thy lile be indicate a continuance of quick increase the prolongation of thy sufferingsof populousness of the country in

gene. Aud on! when death's discase shall in. ral.

H. T.C. vade iny wasted formi, may the biller. Journal of Science, No. XV. ness of recollection burst upon thy

memory, and in incessant repeliliosA FRAGMENT.

recall the perfidy jou practised, the

But he did awake deception you pursued -- Then may you To curse the withered heart that would not perceive, when it is too late, the folly of break. BYRUN's Lara.

The pride you gloried in, the tinsel gtare in the of

- Theo will your bitterest curse be to Seven years had sped their rapid round me a l.lessing your imprecations will since we parted --Pain and Pleasure, impart to me happiness, and I shall be Hope and Fear, had in the interval beld happy-And if that moment can be their allervate sway - We again met harbed with one more piercing pang So unexpected was the meeting, that I may it be, that you may know I have siood as it were firmly sivelled lu the forgiven you." ground The use of niy limbs seemed

.. ATALABA. In ten years, 1801-1810, Bap. II1, Bu. 9 Seven years, 1811-1817, Bip. 105, Bu. 76, Aver. 15:11. Five years.

1813-1*17, Bap. 87, Ba. 59, Aver. 17:12, Population, 412 i: 1801; and 543 in 1811. + The population of Lon!on and its neighbourhood, within eight miles around the cathedral of St. Paul's, was 1,220.000, according to the census of 1811 ; and that of all Great Britain, with the army and navy, was 12,586,803. Pop. Abs. Carrying the vicipage to len miles, the proportion is as stated,

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LONDON REVIEW,

AND

LITERARY JOURNAL,

FOR JULY, 1818.

QOID SIT POLCIRUM, QUID TURPE, QUID UTILE, QUID NON.

Hamoirs of Ike Court of Quren Elizabeth. In that turbulent period, so fertile in By Miss Aikin. 2 vols. 8vo. calamilies and crimes, the state of Ire.

land was truly afflictive. The following INBERE are few English by whom touching narrative of the unfortunate

received with indifference. Atlhe men. Heory, who if not so subtle as Tiberius, tion of Elizabeth and her Court, the in his declining years became equally imagination kindles with enthusiasm ; cruel and vindictive. our patriolic sentimients are awakened ; Soon after these events, Henry con, and we freely indulge in retrospectious firmed the new impressions which his which fallet our national pride, and subjects had received of his character, exalt our sense of paliopal inportance. by an act of extraordinary, but not unThe sprcious Leicester and the faithful provoked, severity, which involved in Cecil, the impetuous Essex and the destruction one of the most ancient and heroic Sidney, rise in succssion; whilst powerful houses among the peerage of the lorry magnificence of Kenilworth, Ireland. that of Fitzgerald Earl of Kila the manques and revels, and uits and dare. The noblemau who now bore this tournaments, fit before us. In this file had married for his second wife magic circle of you h and beauty and Lady Elizabeth Grey, daughter of the rorally, we calci the chivalrous strains first Marquis of Dorset, and tirst-cousia of Spenser, and the more exquisite strain to the king by luis mother; he had beca of nature frou Shakspeare Under the favoured ai court, and was at this time auspices of the maiden queen, we behold lord deputy of Ireland. But the country the English drama called into existence, heing in a very disturbed state, and tbo and winess the consecration, if not the deputy accused of many acts of violence.. creation, of walional literature. Soch is he had obeyed with great reluctanco the period selected by Miss Aikia. To a summons to answer for his conduct say that she has proved herse!f adequate before the king in council, leaving his to the task, and worthy of her subject, eldesi son to exercise his office during is brief, but comprehensive, praise : and his absence. On his arrival, he was might, perhaps, enville her to like a comunitted to the Tower; and his son, place wilb the first historical writers of alarmed by the false report of his having modern Europe. She is uoquestionably lost his head, broke out immediately the first of our age and couniry who has into a furious rebellion. After a tem-, identified with the philosophical histo- porary success, Thomas Fiizgerald was. rian the descriptive narrator and the reduced to great difficulijes': at the minute biographer. logiving accurale same time a promise of pardon was details of customs, usayes, and man- held out to biin; and confiding in it. hers, she has not omitted to present he surrendered himself to Lord Leonard a regular series of political events, nor Grey, brother to the countess bis stepforgotten to like wide sud comprehen. mother. His five uncles, also implio sive views of human society in der rich cated in the guit of rebellion, were and interesting sketches of domestic seized by surprise, or deceived into literature. The life of Elizabeth com., subunission. The whole six were iben mences with her birth, and very properly conveyed to England in the same ship; includes a portion of ber fatbor's reign and wil, w spite of the entscaties aud.

:

remonstrances of Lord Leonard Grey, the hope of being able to afford effecwbo considered his own honour as tual protection to her uofortunate pledged for the safety of their lives, nephew, she now consented to an were hanged at Tyburn.

inimediate union; and taking Gerald “The aged earl bad died in the Tower along with her to her new home ja on receiving news of his son's rash enter the county of Donegal, she there hosprise ; and a postbumous attainder be. pitably entertained him for about a ing issued against bim, his lands and year. But the jealous spirit of the goods were forfeited. The king how implacable king seemed to know do ever, in pity to the widow, and as rest wbile this devoted youth still a slight atonement for $0 cruel an breathed the air of liberty, and he injustice, permitted one of her daugh. caused a great reward to be offered ters to retain some poor remains of for his apprehension, which the basethe family plate and valuables ; and minded O'Donnel immediately sought another of them, coming to England, to appropriate by delivering him up. appears to have received ber educa- Fortunately the Lady Llenor discovered tion at Hunsdon Palace with the Prin. his intentions in time; and instantly cesses Mary and Elizabeth her relations. causing her nephew to disguise bis per. Here she was seen by Henry Earl of son, and storing him, like a bountiful Surry, whose chaste and elegant muse aunt, with “ sevenscore Portugueses," has handed her down to posterity as she put bin under the charge of the lovely Geraldive, the object of bis Leverous and an old servant of his fervent but fruitless devotion. She was father's, and shipped him on board a married first to Sir Anthony Brown, and vessel bound for St. Malo's. afterwards became the wife of the Earl “ Having thus secured bis escape, of Lincoln, surviving by many years she loftily expostulated with her bus. ber noble and unfortunate admirer. band on his villainy in plotting to be

“ The Countess of Kildare, and the tray her kinsman, wboip sbe bad stiyounger of her two sons, likewise re. pulated that he should prolect to the mained in England obscure and up- utmost of his power; and she bid him molested; but the merciless rancour know, that as the danger of tbe youth of Henry against the house of Filz; bad alone induced her to form any gerald still pursued its destitute and connexion with him, so the assurance unoffending heir, who was struggling of his safety should cause her to se. through a series of adveotures the most quester herself for ever from the so. perilous and the most romantic. ciety of so basc and mercenary a wretch:

“ This boy, named Gerald, then about and hereupon, collecting all that betwelve years old, had been left hy his longed to her, she quitted O'Donnel father at a house in Kildare, under the and returned to her own country.” care and tuition of Leverous a priest, The adventures of the unfortunate wbo was his foster brother. The child Gerald are continued, aod form a bigbly was lying ill of the small-pox, when the interesting episode. Miss Aikin is eninews arrived that bis brother and uncles nently successful, in the grace with had been sent prisoners to England: which she introduces these digressions, but his affectionate guardian, justly' or rather illustrations of history, which apprebensive of grea!er danger to his are, perhaps, necessary to elucidate the young charge, wrapped him up as care- character of the age. On this subject fully as he could, and conveyed him she makes a remark, not more admirable away with all speed to the house of one for its philosophical truth than for the of his sisters, wbere he remained till be eloquence withi which it is expressed. was quite recovered. Thence his tutor "It is melancholy, it is even disgust. removed him successively into the ter. ing, to dwell upon these acts of legalized ritories of two or three different Irish atrocily, but let it be allowed that it is chiestains, who sheltered him for about important and instructive. They form three quarters of a year; after which he unhappily a leading feature of the ad. carried him to bis aunt the Lady Ele ministration of Heory VIII. during the vor, at that time widow of a chief latter years of his reign; they exbibit nanied Maccarly Reigh.

in the most striking point of view the • This lady had long been sought sentiments and practices of the age : in marriage by O'Donrel, Lord of Tyr. and nay assist us to form a juster connel. to whose suit she had been estimate of ihe character and conduct unpropitious ; but wrought upon by of Elizabeth, whose infant injud was

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