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N. Lat.

on the Ice.

Needle.

ice enabled the ship to reach 75° of The box for Dr. Brewster, contains Dorth latitude. The following measure various specimens from different parts of the variation was then taken :

of the coast of Greenland, and from North latitude ..... 74° 53' Waygatt Island ; and likewise specimens Variation on the ice 84° 30' W.

of the strata of stones and rocks taken On the 251h of July, they reached

from the principal icebergs.

We shall now conclude this notice latitude 75° 21', and longitude 60° 30'. The weather was now clearer than it had with a tabular view of the variation and been for some time, and the variation dip of the needle at different points of

the ship's course:was increasing so fast, that it became difficult to find out exactly how the ship

W. Lon. Variation Dip of the was steering by the compass. The fol. lowing measure of the variation was 68 22 6 53 42 67 39 W 83 1 ő taken :

70 26 13 54 51 49 71 30 82 48 47 North latitude

75° 5

712 30 54 17 0 75 29 West longitude...

60° 22'
72 44 0

78 54
Variation
87° W. 74 4 0 57 45 0

84 9 Dip..

84° 25
74 45 0

84 30

75 5 0 60 22 0 87 0 84 25 The whale vessel which brought Captain Ross's despatches, brought also From these observations it appears, several boxes, containing minerals and

that the ships were approaching rapidly objects of natural history, for Sir Joseph

to the magnetic pole. From the obserBaoks, Bart. ; Sir Everard Home, Bart. ; vations on the variation, which were Mr. Barrow, Professor Jameson, and

previously made, we are disposed to Dr. Brewster ; all of which were released

think that there is a succession of poles, at the Custom-house by an order from

or a magnetic ridge, as it inay be called, the Lords of the Treasury.* The box with a diffused and moveable polarity, for Professor Jameson contains speci.

stretching to the west of Baffin's Bay. inens of the mineralogy of the different The above observations, however, do places on the coast of Greenland, at

not yet enable us either to confirin or which the expedition touched, and overihrow this conjecture. three bottles of water, one from a field of ice, one of the water taken from the surface at the temperature of 324 °, and

THE HIVE, the other at the depth of 80 fathoms, as brought up by Sir H. Davy's appara

No. XLIV. tus. When this apparatus is kept down 15 minutes at &o fathoms, it gives the EXTRAORDINARY ACQUISITION OF LANsame temperature, when drawn up, as the self-registering thermometer. Some

T recent meeting of the Shropwater, when taken up, was at 303° ; and, at the same tiine, the self-register Archdeacon Corbeit, in a speech deli, ing thermometer, at 200 fathoms, gave vered on that occasion, drew a parallel 28°. The wind was south, and the ice

between Mr. Samuel Lee (one of the driving to the north. The specific gra. preachers) and the Admirable Crichton. vity of the sea-water, in latitude 74°,

From the Reverend Gentleman's slateand temperature 46°, is 1 :0266, and at

ment, it appears, that Mr. Lee had temperature 49°, 1.0260, wben taken

merely the education of a village school froni a depth of 80 fathoms. The lem

(where he was born, about six miles perature was 31° when it was brought from Shrewsbury); viz. reading, writ. up; but it could not be weighed at ihat

ing, and arithmetic ; that he left temperature, as it contained inuch fixed

school at iwelve years of age, to learu air.

the trade of a carpenter and builder.

While thus employed, he became, self* We regret to learn, that the boxes landed at Leith were opened by the Cus

taught, a Latin, Gócek, Hebrew, Chal. tom house officers, and so roughly handled, dee, Syriac, and Samaritan scholar. that a very important part of one of the

These languages he acquired io six collections was utterly ruined. We trust years, at the hours during wbich he that, in future, an order from Government was relieved from manual labour. will prevent such unnecessary and absurd Since that period, Mr. Lee bas had interference.

more assistance, and is now, in addition

A COLLECTION OF SCRAPS.

GUAGES.

ANECDOTE OF THE PRINCESS CHARLOTTE.

BISHOP HORNE.

to the tongues we have mentioned, the French call, très grande esperance. familiar with Arabic and Persiar, Hin. It was from about the age of eight dostanee, French, German, Italian, till twelve they were in England for Eibiopic, Coplic, Malay, Sanscrit, and their education. One day, the younger, Bengalee-in all, seventeen lang uuges, Prince William, had been mimicking in fourteen years.

several persons remarkable for i heir eccentricity of speech, when the elder, Prince Charles, boy-like, began to copy

his brother, but in a very awkward The late beloved Princess Charlotte manner. His tutor checked him, ob. was in her early youth somewhat warm, serving, the taient was natural in his but always submitted herself to the brother, but absurd in bimself; when mild i junctions of her reverend Pre. the Prince peltishly replied, “ I koor cepler, who at length presented her it is natural in William; be was, as you with an essay on the government of say, born au ape !" the passion of anger.

A short time after, she was very indignant against one of her attendants ; and on being surprised in the midst of her anger The merits of the amiable Bishop by the entrance of the Prelate with Horne were acknowledged by men of the exclamation, " I fear you have all sects. Jolin Wesley, who was pot not read the book I gave you, Madam, accustomed to speak highly of the the other day !” she instantly replied, Clergy of the Establishment, once ob. in a repressed tone of voice, “ Yes, served, on seeing him pass the win. indeed, Sir, I have; and bad I not, dow of an inn, at which he was standing, I am sure I should have knocked her “ There goes a man, who, had he lived down."-It is only doing justice to her in the first days of Christianity, would reverend Preceptor, and to the memory have been an apostle !" of his illustrious pupil, to say, that by his careful admonitions, and her watchful obedience, a complete triumph

REV. MR. ROMAINE. over a naturally warm temper was effec Romaine, though a very worthy man, tually ensured considerably previous had oo small portion of vanity in bis to the period of her union with the composition, as the following anecdote man she loved.

will testify :--Mr. Jones, of Nayland (in whom the virtue of Christian humility shone most conspicuously, but who was

too orthodox in bis opinions for the Upon the King's recovery in 1789, evungclieal part of the community), was the Librariau and others connected walking with a friend over Black-friars' with Sion College, were at a loss what Bridge, when they espied Mr. Romaine device, or moilo, to select for the

on the other side of the way. Jones illumination of the building: when the kuew him imperfectly, as he was knowa following happy choice was made by by Rumaire, but be determined, at all a worthy Divine from the Book of events, on crossing and asking him how Psalms :-“ Siwn heard of it, and was he did. The other, however, pretended glad."

not to remember him." What!" exclaimed Mr. Jones,“ do you not know me, Mr. Romaine ?"_" No, Sir,” re

plied the vajn Calvinist,“ peither do A child, three years of age, hearing it i, nor does my Master, koow you !" said that she was boro on the King's birth-day, took no notice of it at the moment; but in a day or two after,

DR. WATTS asked her father if she and the King was of so extremely mild a disposition, were lwins !

and so averse from dissension, that when reproached by a friend for not having severely reprimanded a man who had

dove him a serious injury, be ex. The Princes of Brunswick were, from claimed, “I wisb, my dear Sir, you their very carly years, boys of what would do it for me."

SION COLLEGE.

INFANTILE QUERY.

PRINCES OF BRUNSWICK.

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QUID SIT PULCHRUM, QUID TURPE, QUID UTILE, QUID NON.

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Narrative of a Journey in the Interior under distinct heads. By the lalier pro

of China, and of a Voyugc lo and cess they would not have been rendered
from That Country, in the Years more available for purposes of refer-
1816 1817 : Containing an Account ence, and might have lost much of that
of the most interesling Transactions force and vividness which transports the
of Lord Amherst’s Embassy to the reader in imagination to the country
Court of Pekin, and Observations on described, associates him in the enter.
The Countries which it visited. By prise, and makes bim, as it were, a
Clarke Abel, F.L.S. and Member of party to all the researches of the travel-
the Geological Society, Chief Medical ler.
Oficer and Naturalist to the Embussy. Foregoing, for the present, our in-
Illustrated by Maps and other En tention to quote Mr. Abel's most amus-
gruvings. Quarto.

ing account of the scenes which took

place at the Imperial Court, we shall vantages, impediments, and even and present to the votaries of Flora the disasters, which Mr. Abel encountered following elegant description of the in bis progress through " the celestial Nelumbium spcciosum, the Lien-uha empire,” he has succeeded in collects of the Chinese. ing some very importaut contributions “ This splendid flower, celciraled for to its patural history, and in amassing its beauty by the Chinese poets, and a variety of details illustrative of its ranked for its virtues among the plants political and social condition. The which, according to Chinese theologs, sense of difficulty indeed seems to have enter into the beverage of immortality, animated his exertions, and bis very flourished in the greatest vigour in the disappointments were often compen- gardens of Tung Chow. It was raised in sated by results scarcely less desirable capacious vases of water, containing than those wbich were contemplated; gold and silver fish, supported on stands for, when bis inquiries were thwarted a few feet from the ground. These were by collision with the settled babils aod surrounded by steps of different elevafeelings of the people, they afforded bim tion, supporting other plants mingled the means of tracing with greater accu with artificial rocks, representing a hilly racy the lineaments of their character, country, and covered with diminutive

This work, constructed on the simple houses, pagodas, aud gardens. Ju this plan of a narrative, records the most in situation, ihe nelumbium was certainly teresting transactions of Lord Amherst's an object of exceeding beauty.

Ils mission, aod the author's personal ad. tulip like blossoms, of many petals, ventures, interspersed with such facts tinted with the most delicate pink, and observations as came within his cog. hung over its fan-like leaves, Avated nizance as chief medical officer and da. on the surface of the water, or rising turilist of the embassy. These mate on long footsialks of unequal height, rials, disposed in the order in which best them into elegant curves, aud they presented themselves, appear to shaded with graceful festoons the plants greater advantage, and possess a more beneath. altractive interest, than if they had “ The nelumbium is used by the Chie been formally classed and distributed nese to decorale lakes and orber orna

mented water, and to give a charm and tribute to the intrepid firmness and beproductiveness to marshes otherwise roic presence of miud displayed by Capunsightly and barren. Near Yuen Ming tain Maxwell in this appalling emer. Yuen, and under the walls of Pekin, I gency. We have not space for so long saw it cover with pink and yellow an extract, and must close our potice of blossoms large tracts of land, and this interesting work, by subjoining a could sympathise with the enthusiasın well-sketched and impressive portrait of of the Chinese bards, who have sung the exile at St. Helena. of the delight of moonlight excursions “Buonaparte's person had nothing of on rivers covered with the flowering that morbid fulness which I had been lien-wba.* Its seeds, in size and form led to look for. On the contrary, I like a small acorn without its cup, are scarcely recollect to have seen a form eaten green, or dried as nuts, and are more expressive of strength and even of oftea preserved as sweetmeats: they vigour. It is true that he was very have a nut-like flavour. Ils roots, some large, considering his beight, which is times as thick as the arm, of a pale about five feet seven inches ; but his green without and whitish within, in largeness had nothing of unwieldiness. a raw state are eaten as fruit, being The fine proportion of his limbs, wbich juicy and of a sweelish and refreshivg has been often noticed, was still preHlavour; and when boiled are served as served. His legs, although very musvegetables. Both seeds and roots were cular, had the exactest symmetry. His frequently sent with the desert to the whole form, indeed, was so closely koit, ambassador's table : the former were that firmness might be said to be its relished by us, but the latter were striking characteristic. His standing too librous to be eaten with pleasure. posture had a remarkable statue-like The leaves are said to possess a strength- fixedness about it, which seemed ening quality; the seed vessels to cure scarcely to belong to the graceful ease the colic, to facilitate parturition, and of his step. The most remarkable cha. to counteract the effects of poison. racter of his countenance was, to ide,

“ The nelumbium is readily raised by its variableness. Buonaparte has the ba. the Chinese in all parts of the empire bit of earnestly gazing for a few seconds through which we passed, but seened upon the person whom be is about to to flourish better in the northern than address; and whilst thus occopied bolds the southern provinces; and, according bis features in perfect repose. The cha. to the missionaries, grows most luxuri- racter of bis countenance in this state, aotly beyond the great wall. I was un especially wheu viewed in profile, migbt able to obtain niuch information re. be called settled design. But the instant specting its culture, and done that was that he enters into conversation, bis new. it does not appear that much art features express any force or kind of is used. Its leaves are watered in the emotion with suddenness and ease. His summer, and cut down close to the eye, especially, seems not only to alter roots on the approach of winter.” its expression, but its colour. I am

The narrative not only relates to the sure, had l only noticed it while the journey in the interior of China, but muscles of the face, and particularly includes the outward and homeward of the forehead, were in play, I should voyage. In thus conforming to esta. have called it a very dark eye ; on the blished precedent, an ordinary writer contrary, when al rest, I had remarked might have incurred the charge of its lighi colour and peculiar glary lastre. needless repetition on a trite and almost Nothing, indeed, could better prove its exhausted topic, but to the intelligent changeable character than the differ. and observing mind of Mr. Abel this ence of opinion which occurred amongst long and arduous navigation presented us respecting its colour. Although each various objects for inquiry, which others, person of the embassy paturally fixed either from indifference, indolence, or his attention on Napoleon's courte inability to define them, have over nance, all did not agree on the colour looked. He has been enabled also to enrich his story by the fearful episode " There was nothing in the appearof the shipwreck of the Alceste in the ance of Buonaparte which led us to straits of Gaspar, and to pay a just think that his health had at all suffered

from his captivity. On the contrary, * Memoires concernant les Chinois, tom.

his repletion seemed to be the con iii. 437,

sequence of active nourishment. His

of his eyes.

form had all that tone, and his move. pliance with her request, that friend, went all that elasticity, which indicate without prolixitý, began a brief sketch and spring from powerful health. lo- of Mrs. Nelson's sad story." deed, whatever sympathy we felt for the “With your grandfather's family you situation of any of the prisoners, re are well acquainted, and long, very ceived no increase from any commi. long, may you live to enjoy the fortune seration for their bodily sufferings : you so justly inberit in right of your they were all in excellent plight." dear mother, who was his only child.

She was sent early in life to one of those

fashionable mansions in the vicinity of Henry Fitsosmond : A Moral Tale.

London, distinguished by the conspi12mno. pp. 278.

cuous board in front, “ Seminary for A Moral Tale like that before us, young Ladies.”—At the age of fifteen wrilled with the pen of intelligence and she was taken home, endowed with each taste, and with the best motives that can external accomplishment, so much the actuate the heart of the writer, to in. wish of her parents. A great share of form aod improve the young mind, de patural wit, and the engaging charms mands and deserves the altention and of her person, joined to the attractive recommendation of every one who is allurement of a good fortune, soon alive to the pure interest which dic- gained her a number of admirers ; tates it.—We learn from the preface, among the rest of her slaves, was a that it is the work of a female « little young lieutenant of small fortune ; known in the busy scenes of life, and and though her youthful heart seemed entirely unknown to the literati of the to give him a preference, yet by her present day.”—This obscurity, how. parents he was not deemed a suitable cver, the author has succeeded in ren match, and the gay son of Mars was dering useful to those for whom her dismissed the house: this probibition book is designed; and we are disposed brought on a secret correspondence, to predict, that the favour with which and might have produced the fatal conit will be received will throw a ray of sequences of a private marriage, bad approbation over this first effort, that not the young officer been ordered on may not be without its cheering encou- foreign service. ragement to induce her to persevere in “ Soon after this event, Mr. Nelson the laudable pursuit, in wbich she has came to settle in the parsonage-house s engaged, with more self-confidence than bis visits at your grandfather's were frethe humble opinion which she expresses quent ; and his agreeable conversation of her own talents has allowed her to and excellent character soon gained him

the old geotleman's esteem; he became The design of this tale, the fair writer much charmed with your mother, made tells us, is “to pourtray malernal affec an offer of his hand, and was not retion and filial tenderness in an humble fused. They had not been long maraddress to the feelings of the heart.” ried, when a particular circumstance The incidents which she has chosen for happened in my life, * which caused me her purpose are well calculated to effect to seek protection in your father's house, it-and although some of them have where I was received by your niother more the air of those of a novel than, with those marks of friendsbip which perhaps, a due regard for the probabi: rendered her memory dear to me to lity of the events of which they consist the last hour of her existence; and the will altogether permit us to justify, yet remembrance will make you, my love, the moral reflections that accompany dear to me for life. When a change them in great degree reconcile us to the in my fortunc took place, and I left the invention. The following, however, parsonage-house, your mother contiwhich we select, bears too much the bued with me the most friendly intercharacter of common fact, unfortu- course, till you were near two years of nately for the peace of social life. to age ; your father was gone a distant be classed among such effusions of the jouroey, young Freemau's regiment imagination.

was relurned, and he advanced to the ... Miss Nelson being so much alonc post of captain. He paid bis respects with her friend, imparted to ber the to your grandfather; he heard your wish she had to be juformed of her mother's history, as it appeared to her * Alluding to our heroine leaving the concealed in darkoess-when, in com house of Mr. Hartlepoole, her guardian. Europ. Mag. Vol. LXXIV. Nov. 1818.

3 K

assumne.

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