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mind, but his glance manifested the Sir Samuel acted, that does not share ia placidity of a temper amaible and cha- the intense grief occasioned by his loss. ritable " lo his general carriage, when Zeal in politics would be a curse, if not eogaged in business, there appeared it were inconsistent with the charities a certain abstraction and absence which of our nature, and if it dried up the indicated a thoughifulness of disposi. sources of pity. But thank Heaven! it tion, the natural consequences of his is not so; and an enlightened and various avocations. Jo ibe bosom of honest man may assert his sentiments his family, during the short intervals with all the force of which he is capable, that his labouring pursuils would eoable without exposing himself to the harsh bim to join in the domestic circle, he judgment of those who differ from him was the iender husband-the fond father. in the view of the subject. As a master, he had the faculty of ex. Sir Samuel Romilly's opinion also ciling by tbe blandness of his manners, upon any subject made a deep impresobedience, reverence, and affection; and sion, not so much from the ability he as a friend he was idolized by a nu- displayed, uncommon as it was, as fron merous but select circle of friends, the bigh respectability of his character. whose manners and tempers were coul- He was impressed with a deep reverence genial to his owo. To inherit his for our excellent constitution, which extensive fortune so honourably ac. will account for the extraordinary zeal quired Sir Samuel has left the large with which he resisied every thing family of six sons and a daughter, now, which had the appearance of being is. alas ! orphans.

consistent with its practice or spirit. Upon ihe whole, we think the follow- He had errors, no doubt; but they were ing general remarks will oot be an ime not of the heart. But that he loved perfect summary of the public and pri- his country warmly is beyond dispute. vale character of this amiable gentle. That his opinions were governed by that man. Sir Samuel Romilly was one of principle is equally undeniable, and that the few men, who, while they have the he uever employed an argument, or unbounded confidence of their own made use of a sentiment, which did not party, command the respect of their embrace the happiness of his country. political adversaries. Though he treated men, is our sincere conviction. If he most questions with the cavdour that is erred, the fault lay in the limitation of joseparable from a love of truth, and human mind; bui his motives were unwith all the fervour by which zeal in a impeached; and the reverence in which cause is characterized, he never excited he was universally beid constitutes a the least suspicion of his motives, even lesson which ought to operate upou when his reasons were urged with most those who engage in politics. His proforce and warmth. His opponents found judgment, various acquirements, seemed in variably to respect his intei- his skill in forensic and parliamentary tions, when they corubated his argu• speaking, and his astonishing industry ments with the greatest vehemence. which enabled him to aitead to the This most Ballering iestimony was not weighty business of his profession and a circumstance peculiar to the man: it to his duties in the sonale, are too wel would have happened to any other, who known to require particular notice. It should have displayed the same rectie is his independence and integrily, which tude in public life; and this is a fine are more difficult to be appreciated (and rebuke to those who never extend their without wbich, mental powers are a liberality beyond the narrow pale of nuisance), upon which we are anxious party. It is the pride of our country, to fix attention, and which reuder his ibat honour and integrity are to be loss a public calamity. Long also will found in many political sects ; and the country bewail the death of so good it is the knowledge of this fact which a man; and every tear that is shed to has produced that liberal spirit with his memory will be a tribute to virtue, which differences of opinion upon the and an offering, which only merit like gravest points are regarded amongst his can receive from so enlightened a

The lamented object of these public. reflections was a striking proof of Sir Samuel was as mild and amiable the justice universally shewn to an in private life, as he was firm and indehonest vindication of opinion; and pendent in public. That all the cbarithere is not a good or an eminent man, ties of our pature had an abode in his on the opposite side to that with which busom, is but too strongly substantiated

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relations of an amiable father, a beloved friend, a kind master, and the public of one of the most distinguished ornaments of human nature. On Tuesday an inquest was held on view of the body of this amiable individual, when a verdict was recorded, -" That the deceused cul his throat while in a slale of temporary mental derangement.—The hapless pair thus re-united by death, were buried in one grave at Kpill, in Radnorshire, on Wedoesday, Nov. ll.

THE REPOSITORY.

No. LII, A SELECT COLLECTION OF FUGITIVE PIECES. " The mind of man not being capable of

having many ideas under view at once, it was necessary to have a Repository to lay up the ideas.”—Locke,

FEVERS.

REING deeply impressed with the

by the cause of his death. How strong his affections must have been, when the bursting of a single link in the chain destroyed, almost in a moment, that solid and towering fabric of reason, which was erected in such a mind! This weakness and this wisdom-this union of the finest sensibility with the most manly purpose-this combination of all that is delicate and all that is great, shew human nature in a point of view, which commands at one and the same time, our ulinost love and highest veneration. May that Bciog, whose attribute is mercy, and who mixed so much tenderuess in the composition of that good man, pardon an act which obviously sprang from an excess of feeling, or rather from a sentimeot which is the most biodiug link in our social system.

It now falls to our truly painsul lot to record the event which in every point of view may be considered a public calamity-the sudden death of Sir Samuel, who, on Monday, Nov. Ist, terminaied his own existence at his house in Russell square.

This truly amiable man, since the de. cease of his lady, had laboured under the most intense sorrow at an event, which deprived bim of a beloved partner, in whose happiness his own centered, and to whom he was bound by the most endearing ties of tenderness and affection. The acuteness of his griefs, and the overwhelming aoxiety of his piod on this occasion, produced a slow fever, which progressively deprived bim of that equanimity of mind which had always distinguished his conduct. That which appeared to the observation of his immediate friends lo be a calm resignation to the will of Providence, was but the thio veil which disguised a stale of mind bordering on distraction. His disorder rapidly encreased, and be evioced signs of perturbation, which began to excite the most alarming apprehensions. On Sunday night be went io bed in a stale of mind and body which augured the most unfavourable consequences—bis rest was disturbed, and he could get no refreshing sleep. He remained in bed, bis disorder in. creasing until Monday afternoon, when, availing himself of the absence of one of his children who allended him, he in a moment of pbrenzy jumped out of bed, and seizing a razor from a case upon the dressing table, committed that dreadful act which has robbed private Europ. Mag. Vol. LXXIV. Nov. 1818.

a

servations on Dr. Bateman's Account of the Contagious Fever of this country, we extract them into our Repository from the last Number of the Monthly Review, though they have been inserted in most of the morning and evening papers. DR. BATEMAN'S ACCOUNT OF THE CON

TAGIOUS FEVER OF THIS COUNTRY

This is a work which is, on every account, calculated to excite attention. The topic is jodeed, at all times, extremely important, but is at this moment rendered peculiarly interesting by the alarıning epidemic which still exists in the metropolis, and many of our large provincial towns; and no person can be better qualified than Dr. Bateman to make a report of it: because he has beld for fourteen years the office of sole medical superintendant of the House of Recovery for the Reception of Fever Patients. Besides the motives of a more obvious nature which might naturally be supposed to infuence Dr. B., in wishing to leave an authentic history of a disease wild which he has had so many opportunities of becoming thoroughly acquainted, be observes, " that it appears to bim to be worthy of record, as it exhibits very distinctly a specinien of the common form, and of the common varieties, which the infectious fever has assumed in tbis coun. try for many years past; and which is likely to continue, under our improved

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and improving system of domestic is to supersede 'almost every other economy, to be the ordinary fever of remedy. Dr. Bateman expressly'inforits our island.”—The theory implied in us that, in a very great majority of the this sentence, that the infectious cases which have been under his care, fevers which have, at various successive the beat bas seldom exceeded 999 E periods, in vaded the inhabitants of this 100°. country, have been really identical, The typhus fever, in this simple form, and that the differences observed in with which nearly two-thirds of the patheir symptoms and their degrees of tients under Dr. B.'s care, during ite virulence have depended on the changes present epidemic, have been affected, i in our habits and manners, aud on ihe not regarded as a dangerous disease; means of prevention or cure which because, by simple treatment and re: have been adopted, -is afterwards more moval of the extraneous circumstances, fully maintained and developed. which are unfavourable to the re es[3.

Dr. Bateman begins by noticing the blishment of health, the powers of the connexion between scarcity of food and constitution appear to be generally sufepidemic fever; which appears to be so ficient to effect a cure ; but the result uniform, that we are justified in regard is very different in the complicated ing the former as ibe cause of the typhus. This second variety ofike dis. latter. That fever is not generated by casc, which fell under Dr. Batemat': the mere accumulatiou of the putrid inspection, “ approximates very clo«cls effluvia from decomposed animal mal- to the sloto ne: vous ferer, so accurately ter, appears to be proved by the most depicted by Dr. Huxham: a feres decisive evidence; though, at the same which manifcstly differs from the patrid time, this is probably to be regarded as pestilentiat fiter described by the same a powerful circumstance in multiplying able author, only in the less violence of and fostering it when orico produced. its symptoms, and its more protracted And he observes, “The morbid and course." It is stated that, during ibe even natural effluvia of the living first ten days of the complaint, the body, when allowed to accumulate by symptoms were not materially different, want of cleanliness and air, are unques. in the cases which afterwards became tionably cominos sources of fever." of the kind that is placed in this secund Whence the disease, once generated, is Class, from those of the First. Alltis extensively propagated by ibe accessary period an increase of the general dimicircumstances, want of personal and bulion of the vilal powers was very pere domestic cleanliness, and crowded liabi- ceptible; and of all those which bare tations without proper ventilation. usually been regarded as indications of

It would appear that the most constant a deranged condition of the nervous and characteristic symptoms in simple functions; but it would appear that the typhus, are a general prostration of putrid or malignant symptoms, as they strength, attended with pains in the have been commonly styled, scarcely head, and still more in the limbs and ever occurred in tbe House of Recoback. Under all its modifications, Dr. very. Among 678 patients, two, oply. B. observes, the skin remains dry; and had extensive ecchymoses, or livid “no distinct bumidity” is perceptible blotches; but even here the state was at the decline of the disease in a large rather indicative of a failure in the majority of the cases; in 19 only out of powers of the circulating system, thia 678, did any thing appear like a critical of any change in the nature of the cor. diaphoresis; that is, wbere the symptoms stitvents of the body, or any tendency immediately subsided on the occurrence to their decomposition or putrefactio. of the perspiration. With respect to this section concludes wiih some che the heat of the body in lyphus, we are rious documents respecting the average informed, that it was seldom found to mortality of the tpbus tever, while be increased beyond the ordinary stand. has been (beyond all doubt) greatly ard of bealth, except in the febricula diminishe in this country wilbin the of children, a part which would appear last century ; but it is not easy to formu to be much at variance with the state. any correci estimate on this point. ments of Dr. Currie, who regarded the The Section on the micthod of treat. increase of temperature almost as the ment occupies nearly one third of the essence of the febrile action ; and the volume, and cannot be studied with too reduction of this morbid temperature, much attention. Notwithstanding the as the grand indication of cure, which great reform that has taken place since

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the errors of the humoralists, and the the contagion of typhus is capable of still more fatal practices of the Bruno., being conveyed by the atmosphere; a nians, Dr. Baleinan remarks, that we distance which Dr. Bateman conceives have not yet overcome all our terrors is much less than we commonly suspect, of debility, and we still have recourse never perhaps extending more than a to vur stimulants, allbough in less for- few feet from the source where it is midable dosts. These, however, except generated or accumulated, provided in a very few instances, and in the latter that free access to fresh air is admitted. stages, are to be enlirely discarded : we In proof of this very important practi. are to commence with an emetic of cal position, facts are cited from the ipecacuan ; then to administer a pure works of Russel, De Mærtens, and gative; and afterwards, if the occasion others, respecting the plague, as well requires, proceed to blood-letting, and as from Lind and Haygarib respecting employ cold drinks and external cold fevers generally : and from the very through every period of the disease. curious experiments of O'Ryan of Dr. Bateman has not, however, found Lyons, on the contagion of small pox. the use of the cold eflusions, as recom• From these and other facts of a similar incuded by Curric, to answer the ex- tendency, Dr. Bateman draws the conpectations that were raised in its favour; clusion, " that infection cannot be it is often difficult to put in practice; caught io the open air, even by a close it did not apparently abridge the dis- approximation to the most tainted ense; and ii would appear that cold sources of it, the uncleansed person and washing with a sponge is generally a contaminated apparel of the sick : in more ellectual remedy. Dr. B.'s re- sbort, that, to be rendered communi. marks on blood-letting are so peculiarly cable, it must be condensed and accu. candid and.judicious, that they deserve mulated in a confined and uncbanged the utmost attention of all those who atmosphere; or, in the apparel or bedare anxious to acquire the most correct ding, which has been lovg in contact judgment on this very important and with the patient.” The practical in, inuch-controverted question " No ferences, therefore, are clear; pamely, appearance of languor or debility,” as that apprebensions of danger, from it is very forcibly and correctly stated, passing ihrough the streets of an in" should induce a disposition to swerve fected district, or near hospitals, are from a steady pursuit of the anti-pblo altogether unfounded; that even in an gistic plan, in diet, regimen, and medi. apartment, contagion may be entirely cine." Through the whole progress of prevented from spreading by perfect the disease, except in some cases to- ventillation and cleanliness, which wards its termination, Dr. Bateman should, therefore, be exclusively relied enjoins that, whatever may be the ap. upon ; carefully avoiding the use of pearance of debility," the administra. cainphor, tobacco, vinegar, and all tion of camphor, ethereal fuids, aro- siroog smelling substances, which have matic confection, and every description no influence in destroying contagion, of cordial or tonic, and more especially and which lead to a dangerous suppobark, should be religiously avoided.” sition of security, by concealing, the The opposite trealment has, beyond all taint wbich ought to be removed by doubt, produced those very symptoms ventilation. of malignancy which the bark and wipe were supposed to be necessary to correct. All those appearances which depend on a morbid condition of the

From letters from Captain Ross and nervous system, and which have usually Lieutenant Robertson, of the Isabella, been attributed to debility, are with an account of the expedition has been much more propriety referred to the ef. drawn up for Blackwood's Edinburgh fect of congestion, and consequent irri. Magazine, which contains some particu. tation of the brain or its appendages. lars in addition to those we have hereMany importavt points are discussed in tofore gathered from other sources ; the section on contagion, which we re- and as every thing connected with this gret that our liinits will not permit us interesting experiment is curious and to specify farther than by a geveral philosophically important, we basten to reference. The most material of these extract from that publication tbe facts points respects the distance to wbich not previously noticed.

THE POLAR EXPEDITION.

Variatie.

Variation.

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On the 4th of May, when they made points, when the following results were the coast of Greenland, in latitude obtained :65° 52' the variation was as follows :

Ship's head, North...... 77° 43' W.

Ship's bead, North-east.. 70° 30' W. Ship's head N. to compass, 66' 29 W.

Ship's head, East

64° 58' W. Ship's head S..

58° 23' W.

Ship's head, South east .. 67° 7' W. Ship's head E.S.E.

47° 23' W.

Ship’s head, South 76° 27' W. Ship's head W...

77° 34' W.

Ship's head, South-west.. 84° 38' W.

Ship’s head, West 93° 33' W. On the 9th of June they anchored to

Ship's head, North-west. 90° 20° W. an iceberg, which was a-ground about a mile from the shore, in 38 fathoms of

Captain Ross is decidedly of opinion, water, in latitude 68° 22', and longitude though there is some difference

of sen53° 42', and they now obtained an ac.

timent on the subject, that the follorcorate measure of the variation, free ing puints are rstablished by his observafrom any irregularity in the action of tions : -1. That the deviation occathe ship. The variation was found to sioned by the direction of the ship’s head, be 67° 39' W. and the dip 83° 7. This is not on the magnetic meridian, but iceberg was so firmly moored, ibat the differs in every ship. lo tbe Isabella, levels of the dipping needle were not in it is to the east of north ; and in the the slightest degree affected.

Alexander, and the Harmony of Huil,

to the westward of north.-2. That On ihe 15th, the Isabella anchored to an iceberg about a mile from the north. there is a point of change in the devia. west coast of Waygatt

, or Hare-Island. tion, which may easily be found by azi. All the astronomical apparatus was now muth, or bearivgs of a distant object; got a-shore, a temporary observatory is found, it may in like manuer be

and that when this point of deviation was erected, and the following accurate found what proportion is to be added observations on the variation and dip

or subtracted from the true variation, were obtained :

but only by actual observation; for the North lat. of observatory, 70° 26' 13" deviation does not increase, either in West long. of dito...... 54° 51' 49" an arithmetical or logarithmic proporVariation west

71° 30'

tion. On board the Isabella, and in Dip......

82° 46' 47"

latitude 74°, the point of change is N. A pendulum, which vibrated 82

17° E. The extreme deviation is, when seconds more than twenty-four hours the ship's head is N. 809 W.; riz. in the latitude of London, when the 19°, which is additive to the true varia. temperature was 52°, vibrated in Way- tion: so that with the ship's head w. gait

' Island 153 secouds more than and N. there is 100° of variation; or iwentyfour hours, when the tempera. hy steering W. and N. tbe ship actually ture was 43°. Waygalt, or Hare Island, niakes a s. by E. course. On the other is about nioe miles long, and 1400 feet hand, the variation decreases when the high. Some of the rocks are basaltic, ship’s bead is to the east, but not in an and coal is found near the surface, in equal ratio, tbe extreme being 17°, makthe north-east part of it. The latitude ing the variation 64° on thai lack. of the island is 70° 22' 15" W., and its

On the 4th of July, in lat. 72° 30', longitude 51'51' W., instead of 50° 15', the following measure of the variation as given in the charts.

was taken :On the 26th of June, at the distance North latitude ... 72° 44' of cnly twenty miles from Waygatt Variation on the ice 78° 54' W. Island, the Isabella got into a piece of clear water that carried them to the On the 5th, it was Jand-ice, on the north side of Jacob's

North latitude .... 73° 20 Bight, where they made the following

West longitude .

57° 14' observations:

Variation on the ice..... 809 ľW. North latitude....

71° 21'

Captain Ross has found, in general, West iongitude

54° 17'

that ibe coast of Greenland, above the Variation on the ice

75° 29 latitude of 68°, is about 100 miles

farther to the west tban ia tbe Admiralty The ship was now swung, and azi. cbarts. muths taken on board at every five On thc 920 July, an opening in the

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