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secession,-to these we kpow we can part, taken that direction which their safely appeal for their concurrence, union with the National Church point. when we declare that “ the profes. ed out; yet this regard for tbe con sion of our Faith” and the principles sistency of their calling bas not in of our Worship were never more pros ang instance been permitted to act in foundly defended, more elaquently ad. contravention of the general promovocated, and more purely exemplified, tion, progress, and extent of the noble than by the present ministry of our purpose in view—This has been narChurch.-and ibat " whatsoever things fowed by no restriction, impeded by are true, honest, just, pure, lovely, no reserve, counteracted by no obstacle and of good report,” in the tenets and of adverse power or jealous opposiservice of both, and have for ages been tion; but, on the contrary, every faciso received by the priests and people lity has been afforded, every arenue of our National Church, still retain opened, every means pursued, which their pretensions in all their original a generous coucern for the spiritual and authorized character of salutary welfare of mankiud has been capable discipline and pious usefulness-Nor of bringing into action for the dissball' we be regarded by such judges persion of that ignorance which is the as exacting too much from their con- parent of idleness, and of every vicious cession, it we plead for their acquies- motive that can render the common cence io the decision, that the admi- ' mind corrupt, and not only useless, but nistration of our Establishment in the dangerous, to the moral interests of æra now before us is upheld and main- society. tained with an unecaried assiduity and From this truly Christian measure, pastoral earnestness commensurate in by which all the demoralizing causes effort and talent with the general cause of a profligate infidelity must be maof Christianily wbich demands the exer. terially., checked in their primary im. tion.
pressions of evil inclinatioo, the pro. We live in times in which this Cause gressive step of popular education na. appears to have excited among all deuo- turally followed; and so comprehenminations of Christians the liveliest con. sive is the system which bas been de cern for the preservation of its genuine vised, ibat it can no longer be pleaded interests, and the universal diffusion of by the poorest inhabitant of the British its beavenly truths. We trust, however, Empire in excuse of any violation of that we may be allowed, without the religious or social duty, that he does imputation of an overweening par- not possess the opportunity of becoming tjalily, to place among the numerous acquainted with its obligations. associations to carry on the godly work . In this additional good also the Estathose of the Church of England in the blished Church has iaken a prominent foremost rank — We have seen the and essential part-Bot indeed by áo Priuces and the Nobles of the Land, adventitious instrumentality, but by an and the most eminent of the Rulers indispeusable intervention, such as in of Church and State, investing them all things well comported with the prioselves with the solemn responsibility ciples of her venerable authority ; for, as of opening to the meanest among their it has been wisely observed, ** national fellow-subjects a prompt and easy ac- education must be grounded on national cess to the Holy Page of God's Elernal religion," and for this obvious reason ; Word, and promoting by an oorestraioed --That which is established by law, as range of personal munificence, that blended with the constitution of the " Instruction in righteousness" which State, may justly be imposed upon the His Word alone contains.
observance of those who are goverged In the furtherance of this glorious by its authority-Now the Liiurgy of design, the whole body of our Clergy the Church of England is confirmed have amply co-operated ; and we take by law as the repository of the reliupon ourselves to pay thein their just gion by law established and hence, meed of commendation, when we de- were any other plan of educatiog the clare, that their energies have been population of Eugland to be thus sancexerted with a liberality and zeal alike lioned than that which is conformable to deserving of the gratitude and admira- the tenets of the established religion, the tion of the Rocks over which they law itself must be oullified, and i hose so respectively preside-Their efforts have educated must eventually be alienated iudced, as they ought, for the most from their altachmcut to that coustituted order of things under which they range of action in the service of that are born, to which they are subject by Established Religion whose interests be tbeir own consent, and which they are has all along proved himself to bave therefore morally bound to preserve had most sincerely at heart-In bim and defend from all subversive ingova. the apostolic injunction has been ful. tion;" for a violation of this role filled in every application of it-" He would involve nol only an absurdity, has not only preached the Word, but but a principle of self destruction-it has also been instant in season and out would counteract by authority what it of season"-He has seized every oppor. enjoins by authority."
tunity of impressing the solemn truths While, therefore, the Government of of Christianity, and with a disinterested our country, with a due coucern for perseverance in personal labour, be bas those privileges which the Act of Tole. never sought repose in inactivity, when ration secures to conscientious dissent, his conscience suggested that there still forbore to interfere with such peculiar remained any necessity for fastber exerjuodifications of this system as bave been tion. adopted by some dissentiug communi- To a mind comprehensive as his, ties, they bave, at the same time, wisely every, probability of good that prepreseribed that such schools alone should sented itself has been instantly scauned be considered as national, whose plan of in all its bearings, and its apparent pracinstruetion is entirely conformable to ticability bas never been surrendered to the Liturgy and Catechism of the Na- the desuttory contemplation of fortuitional Church, botb of which are framed tous events, nor deferred to a more upon fixed principles of faith and convenient season." morality, without which Christianity To him every Member of the Church itself could not subsist. Nor can a
of England must ever feel bimself graterestriction like this be urged as a re- ful for the very salutary and essential proach against oor Establishinent-It is
measure of increasing the number of an imperative obligation, issuing out of parish-churches throughout every disthat wise policy ol our forefathers, by trict wherein the increase of populawhich a reguiated slaudard of worship tion has made the addition uccessary. bas been authorized as the religious It would seem that Dr. Yates had. service of that Establishment, while it long contemplated the necessity for this bolds out to all who dissent from it important extension of the facilities of a liberal toleration, tempered with no attendance upon the public service of other restraints than what a just consi. our National Worship; but it was not deration for that public order and wel. until the year 1813 That he embodied fare of the State which must always bis ideas in a pamphlet of much sencomprehend the peace and happiness of sible remark and accurate calculation, every community.
voder the form of a letter addressed - It is thus, then, that the Clergy of the to the Earl of Liverpool - It was not Chorch of Englaod have pursued, with without reason that be entitled it the most fervent auxieties of affection. ". The Church in izanger ;" for bc ate concern for the information and in- perceived, that whatever might be the struction of all who feel disposed to advantages which the ignorant populaavail themselves of their earnest la- tion of the kingdom would derive from bours, those means of accomplishing the dispersion of the Bible, and the so desirable a result as bave appeared syslem of universal education recently to be best calculated to secure it; adopted, they could neither become -and among the most zealous and in- plete in their provision, nos cürient telligent promoters of their success, in their most beneficial purpose, as we bave the satisfaction of naming the far as the principles of the National indefatigable Minister and estimable Religion and the best interests of those individual who is the subject of tbis among the poor who had been incorMemoir.
porated into the Established Church . The Reverend Dr. Yates is one were implicated, so long as these were among the inany of our Clergy who excluded from parochial instruction, hare not confined their exertioon to the and the practical application of our mere exercises of the Pulpil-His excellent Liturgy, by want of room for professional labours have laken a wider their accommodation in the parish
churcbes. If it was deemed incum* Bishop Marsh.
beat upon the Clergy to make it their
care that every one of their stocks demands, the earliest and most serious should be furnished with a bible, the investigation. godly profit would be but little, if any, “ If a tremendously large and overto the ignorant and uninformed, if they whelming proportion of the nominal were not at the same time found among members of the Established Churcb be their congregations. If, also, it was deprived of all the advantages which thought expedient, that the prayer- that institution is intended and calcu. book should be given with the bible, lated to confer,—The effoct must be,this additional boon would be of little not only a want of regard and support account, if those who received it should to the establishment, but also an aliena. be prevented from obtaining a know- tion from it, rapidly risiog and matu. ledge of its excellencies, by an abso- ring into a direct bostility and opposio lute impossibility of finding access to tion. And this hostility and opposition their parish church for their attendance must receive additional and jocalculaupon the public service.
ble force from igoorant depravity, and Upon these and many other points of the noxious associations of a prodigale judicious reasoning, Dr. Yates bas and atrocious spirit of modern violence, grounded bis argument for the necessity loosened from all religious restraint, and of building additional cburches, and bas propelled to action by the consequent supported it by adducing instances of aggravation of every stimulating prothis necessity, which incontrovertibly pensity to evil.–Such a perversion of prove it.--But, we will leave him to friends into epeinies, forms a danger speak for himself in his own words, sufficiently, portentous, to induce all. than which, no better can be supplied sincere and hearty well. wishers to the to convey any abstract of the just im- Established Church, -all zealous and pressions with woich he has written. willing protectors of our constitutional
“With every real Christian it is an government, and of the internal peace unshaken and acknowledged conviction, and prosperity of our country,--and requiring no other illustration than is all who desire to facilitate the progress afforded by scripture and tbe experience of Christian truth, with the utmost of our own times, that a negligent dis- possible solicitude and readiness to regard of gospel truths and a practical assist in discovering and applying a renunciation of Christianity by a large prompt and effectual remedy. portion of its nominal professors, must “The Associations formed of late be followed by the most disastrous con- years for the distribution of tbe Bible sequences, and open the way to one of have been described as a probable cause those dire catastropbes, by which, under of injury and danger to the Established the moral government of Providence, Church. But surely the only injury a profane contempt of the Divine Au• likely to result to the establishment thority, and the general prevalence of from the existence of these societies, a profligate io fidelily, are permitted to and the controversy to which they have ponish themselves.
given rise, altaches equally to both “ On the verge of such a precipice we sides of the question. The theoretical are now standing
fears, and ideal phantoms of danger “Wise, comprehensive, and Iruly Chris- that appear to excite such serious alarm tian measures can alone rescue us from in one class of literary antagonists ; an abyss of anarchy,--of political de and the extravagant anticipations and vastation, and of individual misery; exaggerated hopes of their zealous opthe approaches to which cannot but be ponents,-have equally tended to divert seen, and indeed are strongly and the public attention from the real awfully marked, in the present circum. source of danger, and of consequence stances of most of our populous dis- have led to the proposal of palliative stricts, and particularly of the British and insufficient assistances, instead of inetropolis.
the only practical and efficient remedy. "If in addition to all the other occa.' -- Repressing the exertions of these sions of moral degradation, one primary societies cannot possibly preserve the and powerful source of the inpending church froin the danger that impends danger and evil be traced to the want of over it through the neglected ignorancc, arrangements necessary to give effect to the unawed profligacy, the gross intem. the national religion iiselt'; such a cir- perance, and the babitual impiety of cuinstance should obiain, as it cerlaiulg several hundred thousands, who are conté
sidered to be its members, and ought to religion, in regard to the most numerous be its supporters and protectors.-So classes of mankind, are given and refar otherwise, tbat those who can be ceived in the acts and solemnities of prevailed oo to read the bible, must public worship. The unlettered poo'r certainly be less dangerous and less may there learn the inestimable value inveterate enemies, than those in whom and eternal importance of Christian all the evil propensities of human nature faith and Christian piety; and be led are suffered to retain their full influ- to prize and meditate, in private, upon ence, fostered and strengthened by habi- those good tidings thus placed within the tual and vicious indulgence; who are reach of their understandings and their left in total ignorance of a God and a acquirements. future state, and who equally disregard " Another source of the apprehended all laws, human or divine.
danger to the Established Church has “Whatever danger may be supposed been supposed by some of its most to threaten the Established Church from zealous friends, to exist in the increase giving the bible without the prayer. of what is called methodism. And the book, that danger can only take its full only probable means of securing the effect from the neglect and disuse of the Established Church is thought, by them, prayer book, cooseqdent upon the ney- to be the restraint and coercion of this lect and disuse of ihe public service of bostile power ; though it bas not, I the church. Those cannot be expected believe, been pointed out by what to bave much love and reverence for means suchi restraint and coercion aro the prayer. book, when given to them, to be effected, without violating that who are denied the opportunity of using toleration which is one of the most it, and learning its excellence, in public glorious and valuable gems in the ephod worsbip.
of our ecclesiastical establishment. “But, as opposing and weakening the “ The perusal of the foregoing pages power and in Quence of these societies may have convinced your lordship, that cannot avert the storm that appears to the increase of methodism and sectarian be gathering around the Established disunion, ought to be considered a Church, so geither can their utmost CONSEQUENCE rather than a Cause of possible extention produce all the ad- the present state of the Established vantages which some of their suppor- Church. It has been made evident that, lers depict in such strong and glowing around the metropolis, a very large colours.--Giving the bible can do no proportion of the nominal members of good to the imniense numbers that can. the church are totally excluded from not read, and will totally disregard its parochial instruction, and know nothing contents; but leading them to a place of our excellent liturgy. of worship wigbt impress on their hearts “The law of the land, as it is supposcd the benigo instructions of the holy to stand at present, prohibits, except penmen. And even in respect to those under certain difficuli regulations, the that are able to read, it should never be building and opening of any places of forgotten, that, for the purposes of public worship for the use of the religious improvement, reading in pri- liturgy of the church of England. But vate is only secondary aud auxiliary to structures for every other mode of the public reading of the scriptures, worship may be erected and opened, by A public ministry appears to be the any person so inclined, upon the easy means ordained by Providence for the condition of obtaining a licence from diffusion and establishment of the gos- the magistrates, granted by the law pel. -Our blessed Saviour himself at. upon a very inconsiderable pecuniary tended the public reading of the law, payment. and the prophets, in the Synagogue; * To complain of the increase of sec. and the apostles and primitive Christi- taries and methodists cannot therefore ans assembled together, even at the answer any good purpose, while we have hazard of their lives, to read and to po churches to receive thein, even if bear the scriptures.
they wished to join our congregations; “The sacred word of God, dispenses and while the law permits them, if they a more useful and permanent light, and continue to dissent, to build as many dispels more effectually the darkness of chapels as they please; but if they conignorance and error, when emanating form to the liturgy, the privilege of from the sanctuary.' The best instruc providing themselves with the means of lions, and the deepest impressions of public worsbip is immediately denied,
although the establishment, in its pre- ther letter, addressed to the same dis. seot state, does not itself afford that tinguished nobleman, in which be essential supply.
strengthened all his former arguments “ It is not at all wonderful, therefore, by a more general elucidation of the ihat in districts where numerous sheep points which he had urged in the first. are shut out from the possibility of re- This second publication he entitled. ceiving instruction in the fold of the “ The Basis of Nalional Filfire con. regular shepherd, some of them should sidered in reference chiefly iv the Prosseek refuge and refreshment from the perity of Britnin, and Safely of the care and zeal of self-appointed pastors." Church of England.” The contents of
In the farther detail of the obstacles this valuable pamphlet he prefaces with which oppose the spread of the tenets the following suminary. * If it be ad. of our national church, Dr. Yates has, miiled or proved, that religion inin his letter, sbewn, that within a cir- fluences the general habits, principles, cuit of about eight miles around the and motives, of conduct, be the only City of London, in consequence of the sure and permanent Båsis of NATIONAL present distribution and circunstances WELFARE-if it be also admitted or of the parish after allowing to each proved that the parochial administrachurch a proportion more than sufficient tion of public worship and pastora! to fill it; and fully, if not more than offices forms the LEGAL AND Constituequal, to the parochial care of the clergy TIONAL BASIS OF THE NATIONAL CHURCH. now allolted 10 the charge, there is and affords the only effectual means of found to remain a surplus population conveying religious impressions to the of TWO HUNDRED AND
GENERAL BODY OF THE PEOPLE; it will THOUSAND excluded from the benefits follow as a necessary consequence, that and advantages of participating in the upon the degree of support given by instructive public worship and pastoral the legislature to secure ihe ErficieKCY superintendance of the established AND DUE ADMINISTRATION OF THE PAchurch. He then draws the following ROCHIAL WORSHIP, the safely, both of inferences from this hitherto unnoticed, Church and State, must ultimately debut most important, fact.
peod. And if it should also be furtber “ That Bible Societies are not the cause proved, by a most impressive and muchof the danger to which he adverls. That io-be.lainented statement of facts, in the increase of Sectarian Methodism is any induction of particulars from the not the cause, but the consequence, of most authentic sources, that a Vast the present state of the Church, That PROPORTION OF THE PEOPLE ARE ET the Society for promoting Christian CLUDED from all participation in the Knowledge, and that for the Establish- parochial and effective instructions of Bent of National Schools, although in the national religion; it will then be themselves admirable auxiliaries, are most evident and undeniable, that such not, and cannot alone, be equal to the legislative attention, assistance, aod task of averting this danger. That the support, is now most urgently and im. recent acis relating to the residence of periously required. the clergs, bave not removed, or even Inevery part of his reasoning through. touched upon the chief source and out this and his other letter, we fully cause of danger. That a legislative agree with Dr. Yates; and we feel enaciment providing for a distribution ourselves justified in our concurrence, of the population ivlo appropriale divi- by the observativns which we ourselves sions, supplying the means of public have made upon the evil consequences worship, and providing for the useful resulting from the defective accuminodaand efficient discharge of the pastorallion for the parishioners of large pa: offices in districts not hitherto su pro, rishes, in which there is only one church vided, is the most certaio, and only of very inadeqnate dimensions to reprobable means, of securing the stabi, ceive lhe population. We have frelity and prosperity of the established quently heard the murmurs of those, church."
who as residents, have justly consiThis Letter excited much allention, dered themselves entilled to pews for and was deservedly acknowledged by all themselves and their families; but who duly appreciated its contents, as owing to the crowded state of the placing in its proper light, the present church, bave not been able to obtain condition of the Church of England. admission.
Many, we know, have But its author publisbed, in 1817, ano. waited for years before they could suc: