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infantry, artillery, and cavalry. Great Congress, whether other provision, pot stipart of this force is armed, and measures pulated by the Treaty, ought to be made are taken to arm the whole. An improve- for these tribes, and for the advancement ment in the organization and discipline of of the liberal and humane policy of the the militia, is one of the great objects which United States towards all the tribes within claims the unremitted attention of Congress. our limits, and more particularly for their

" The regular force amounts nearly to improvement in the art of civilized life. the number required by law, and is sta. Among the advantages incident to these tioned along the Atlantic and inland froz. purchases, and to those which have pretiers.

ceded, the security which may thereby be “ Of the naval force, it has been neces. afforded to our inland frontiers, is pecosary to maintain strong squadrons in the liarly important. With a strong barrier, Mediterranean, and in the Gulf of Mexico. consisting of our own people, thus planted

“ From several of the Indian tribes in- on the Lakes, the Mississippi, and the Mohabiting the country bordering on Lake bile, with the protection to be derived from Erie, purchases bave been made of lands, the regular force, lodian hostilities, if on conditions very favourable to the United they do not altogether cease, will henceStates ; and, as it is presumed, oot less so forth lose their terror. Fortifications in to the tribes themselves. By these pur those quarters, to any extent, will not be chases, the lodian title, with moderate re- necessary, and the expense attending them scrvation, has been extinguished in the whole may be saved. A people accustoined to of the land within the limits of the State of the irse of fire-arms only, as the Indian Ohio, and to a great part of that in the tribes are, will shun even moderate works, Michigan territory, and of the State of In- which are defended by cannon. Great fordiana. Froin the Cherokee tribe a tract tifications will, therefore, be requisite oply, has been purchased in the State of Georgia, in future along the coast, and at some points and an arrangement made, by which, in in the interior, connected with it. On these exchange for lands beyond the Mississippi, will the safety of our towns, and the coma great part, if not the whole of the land merce of our great rivers, froin the Bay of belonging to that tribe, eastward of that Fundy to the Mississippi, depend. On river, in the States of North Carolina, these, therefore, should the utmost attention, Georgia, and Tennessee, and in the Alabama skill, and labour, be bestowed. territory, will soon be acquired. By these “ A considerable and rapid augmenta. acquisitions, and others, that may reason- tion in the value of all the public lande, ably be expected soon to follow, we shall proceeding from these and other obvious be enabled to extend our settlements from causes, may henceforward be expected. The the inhabited parts of the State of Ohio, difficulties attending early emigrations along Lake Erie, into the Michigan terri- will be dissipated even in the most remote tory, and to connect our settlements by parts. Several new States have been ad. degrees, through the State of Indiana and mitted into our Union, the west and south, the Illinois to that of Missouri. A similar and territorial Goveromeots, happily or. and equally advantageous effect will soon ganized, established over every other perbe produced to the South, through the whole tion in which there is' vacant land for sale. extent of the States and berritory which In terminating Indian hostilities, as must

border on the waters emptying into the Mise goon be done, in a formidable shape at least, sissippi and the Mobile. In this progress, the emigration, which has heretofore been which the rights of nature demand, and great, will probably increase; and the denothing can prevent, marking a growth rapid mand for land, and the auginentation in its and gigantic, it is our duty to make new valve, be io like proportion. The great efforts, for the preservation, iinprovement, increase of our population throughout the and civilization of the native inhabitants. Union, will alone produce an important The hunter state can exist only in the vast effict, and in no quarter will it be so seno uncoliivated desert. It yields to the more sibly felt as in those in contemplation. The dense and compact form, the greater force public lands are a public stock, which ought of civilized population; and of right it to be disposed of to the best advantage for ought to yield, for the earth was given to the nation. The nation should therefore demankind to support the greateni number of rive the profit proceeding from the contiwhich it is capable, and no tribe or people noal rise in their value. Every encouragehare a right to withhold from the wants of menit shonld be given to the emigranticon. others more than is necessary for their own sistent with a fair competition betwren support and comfort. It is gratifying to them, but that competition should operate, know, that the reservations of land made in the first sale, to the advantage of the naby the Treaties with the tribes on Lake Erie tion rather than individuals. Great capitalwere made with a view to individual owner. isis will derive all the benefit incident 10 ship among them, and to the cultivation of their superior wealth, under any mode of the soil by all, and that an annnal stipend sale which may be adopted. But if, look. has been pledged to supply. their other ing forward in the rise in the value of the wanls. It will merit the consideration of public lands, they should bave the oppor


Their pre

twety of amassing, at a low price, vast rely, that if it appears to their satisfaction bodies in their hands, the profit

will acerue that the power is necessary, it will always to them and not to the public. They would be granted. In this case I am happy io also have the power, in that degree, to con- observe that experience has afforded the trol the emigration aod settlement in such most' ample proofs of its utility, and that sander as their opinion of their respective the benign spirit of conciliation and harinterests might dictate. I submit this sub• mony which now manifests itself ibronghont ject to the consideration of Congress, that our Union, promises to such a recoinmenda. sect further provision may be made in the tion the most prompt and favourable result, sale of the public lands, with a view to the I think proper to suggest, also, in case this public interest, should any be deemed es. measure is adopted, that it be recommended pedient, as in their judgment may be best to the States to include in the amendment adapted to the object.

sought, a right of Congress to institute, " When we consider the vast extent of likewise, seminaries of learning, for the territory within the United States, the great all-important purpose of diffusing knowsavust and value of its productions, the ledge among our fellow citizens throughconnection of its parts, and other circum- out the United States, stances, on which their prosperity and bap: “ Our manufactories will require the pipes depend, we cannot fail to entertain continued attention of Congress. The ca. s high sense of the advantages to be derived pital employed in them is considerable, fron the facility wbich may be afforded in and the knowledge acquired in the machithe intercoorse between them, by means of nery and fabric of all the most useful magood roads aod canals. Never did a country Dufactures is of great value, of sech vast extent offer equal inducements servation, which depends on due encourage. to isprovements of this kind, Dorever were ment, is cownected with the high interests consequences of sach magnitude involved in of the nation. then. As ibis subject was acted on by Con- " Although the progress of the public grem at tbe last session, and there may be buildings, bas been as favourable as circuma disposition to revive it at the present, I stances have permitted, it is to be regretted have brought it into view, for the purpose that the capitol is not yet in a state to reof cabounicating my sentiments on a very ceive you. There is good cause to presume important circumstance connected with it, that the two wings, the only parts as yet with tbat freedom and candour wbich a commenced, will be prepared for that pur. regard for the public interest, and a pro- pose at the next Session. The time seems per respect for Congress, require. A dif. now to have arrived when this subject ference of opiniou bas existed, from the may be dermed worthy the attention of first formation of our Constitution to the Congress, on a scale adequate to national present time, among our most eolightened purposes. The completion of the middle and virtuous citizens, respecting tire right building will be necessary to the convenient of Congress to establish such a system of accommodation of Congress, of the Comimprovement. Taking into view the trust mittees, and various offices belonging to it. wiib wbich I am now honoured, it would be 'It is evident that the other public buildings isproper, after what has passed, that this are altogether insufficient for the accommodiscussion should be revived, with an an dation of the several Executive Depart. certainty of my opinion respecting the right. ments, some of whom are much crowded, Disregardiog early impressions, I have and even subjected to the necessity of ob. bestowed on the subject all the deliberation taining it in private buildings, at some which its great importance, and a just sense distance from the head of the Department, of my doty, required ; and the result is a and with inconvenience to the management settled conviction in my mind, thal Congress of the public business. Most nations have do not possess the right. It is not contained taken an interest and a pride in the imin any of the specified powers granted to provement and ornament of their metropo. Coagrea; nor cao I consider it incidental jis ; and none were more conspicuous in to, or a necessary mean, viewed on the that respect than the ancient Republics. Dost liberal scale, for carrying into effect The policy which dictated the establishany of the powers which are specifically nient of a perinanent residence for the Nagranted. 1o communicating this result, I tional Governinent, and the spirit in which cannot resist the obligation which I feel to it was commenced, and has been prosesuggest to Congress the propriety of recom- cuted, she w that such improvement was Beading to tbe Stales the adoption of an thought worihy the attention of this nation. amendment to the Constitution, which shall Its central position, between the northern give to Coopress the right in question. In and southern extremes of our Union, and exes of doghiful construction, especially its approach to the west, at the head of a of such vital interest, it comports with the pavigable river, which interlocks with the nature and origin of orr institutions, and western waters, prove the wisdom of the il contribute much to preserve them, to Councils which established it. Nothing apply to our constituents for an explicit appears to be more reasonable and proper, graai of the power. We may coufideutly than that coovenient accoumodatioos should be provided, on a well-digested plan, for state of bodily health, but bis Majesty's the heads of the several Departments, and disorder remains uncbanged. for the Attorney-General; and it is believed

H. Halford, that the public ground in the city, applied

M. Baillie, to those objects, will be found amply suffi

“ W. Heberden, cient. I submit this subject to the consi

J. Willis, deration of Congress, that such further

" R. Willis.provision may be made in it as to thein may On Sunday, January 4, the remains of seemn proper.

Mr. Robert Palmer, of Drury-lane Theatre, “ In contemplating the happy situation was conveyed to the church yard of St. of the United States, our attention is drawn, Martin-in-the-Fields, where they were with peculiar interest, to the surviving offi- deposited in a vault under the church. sers and soldiers of our revolutionary army, His body was inclosed in a laden coffia. who so eminently contributed, by their The outer case was, by his own desire, services, to lay its foundation, Most of made of heart of English vak, dove-tailed, those very meritorious citizens have paid without a single nail in it, and was very it.e debt of nature, and gone to repose. It highly polished. --On the brea-l-plate, of is believed that among the survivors there brass lackered, but without a single oroaare some not provided for by existing laws, ment, was engraved, and picked out in who are reduced to jodigence, and even to black, the following simple inscription real distress. These men have a claim on

" ROBERT PALMER, the gratitude of their country, and it will

Died December 25, 1817, du honour to their country to provide for

Aged 61 Years," thein. The lapse of a few years more, and The lid of the oaken coliin was screwed the opportunity will be for ever lost: in-. down with eight uncommonly long screws, deed, so long, already has been the interval with gilt ornamental heads rising about that the number to be benefitted by any half an inch above the top. The handles provision which may be made, will not be were of brass gilt, and a little ornamented. great.

The mourning coaches attending con" It appearing in a satisfactory manner tained the following persous: that the revenue arising from imports and In the first two coaches were the rela. tonnage, and from the sale of the public tives and friends of the deceased -the prinlands, will be fully adequate to the support cipal mournersof the Civil Government, of the present Mr. Walter Lewer, Mr. S. Willat, Mr. Military and Naval Establishment, includ- Asperne, Mr. H. Lewer, Mr. Lambert, ing the apppal augmentation of the latter, Mr. Frowns, and Mr. 11. Lambert. to the extent provided for ; to the payment The first coach after the immediate of the interests on the public debt, and to mourners contained the extingnishment of it at the limes autho- Mr. Kean, Mr. Powell, Mr. S. Peoley, sised, without the aid of the Internal and Mr. Hughes. Taxes; I consider it my duty to recommend Second coachto Congress their repeal. To impose Taxes Mr. H. Johnston, Mr. Holland, Mr. when the public exigencies require them, Rae, and Mr. Harley. is an obligation of the most sacred charac- Third coach Ter, es}"ecially with a free people : the faith- Mr. Wallack, Mr. Barnard, Ms. Wewitful fulfilment of it is among the highest zer, and Mr. Maddocks, proofs of their virive, and capacity for self- Fourth coachguvernioept. To dispense with Taxes, when Mr. T. P. Cooke. Mr. Geo. Smith, Mr. it inay be done with perfect safely, is equally Kent, and Mr. Keep. the duty of their Representatives. In this Fifth coachinstance, we have the satisfaction to know, Mr. Chatterley. Mr. Carr, Mr. Gattie, that they were imposed when the demand Mr. Fisiier, Mr. West, and Mr. Ridge was imperious, and have been sustained

way. with exemplary fidelity. I have to add, The whole of the funeral arrangements that however gratifying it may be to me, were ibly conducted by Mr. Joseph Stutely, regarding the prosperous and happy con- of Northumberland Street, Strand, dition of our country, to recoinmend the A son was born to the Grand Seigojor at repeal of these Taxes at this time, I shall Constantinople on the 211h October, and revertheless be attentive to events, and, named Solinan. should any future emergency occur,

not The Dey of Algiers has quelled a conloss prompt to suggest such measures and spiracy against his life, and executed a burdens as may then be requisite and proper. dozen of the ring leaders, Turkish sol. Washington, Dec. 2, 1817.

diers. JAMES MONROE." We lament to say that the intelligence TEE KING'S HEALTH.

from the West Indies rather tends to corWindsor Castle, Jan. 3. roborate the aillicting news via America, • His Majesty has passed the last month in our last. in a very tranquil manner, and in a good




Though late we mourn'd! and Britain's like Anniversary of the Birth-Day of D'er the lov'd Tomb, where youthful Virtue

Genins weeps
H. R. 11. the Duke of Susser.

Tuesday, Jan, 27th, being the Andiver.
by of the Birth of the Duke of Sussex, a

(Sweet Rose of Promise! whose existence

flew med dipper was given at Freewasons' Bal by the Fraternity, of which his Royal

E'en in the bod of hope-while hope was Figures is the revered Grand Masier.

new), The gallery was crowded with Ladies ; as

Let resignation dry the tears we shed-it merely an assembly of Masons, not

Grief, unrestrained, does bui insult the

dead : a lisogs' Lodge, and that the day was derard to the expression of their gratitude Turn, then, and leave the mournful cypress ada tachment to the Illustrious Prince for

wreathe, te barboay and splendour which Masonry

And let our hearts their grateful tribute

breathe. Ez acquired moder bis able and kind direc. , The Right Hon. Sir Joon Doyle,

Hail! to the day that gave a Sussex birth, 6.1. B, and Provincial Grand Master of

Hail! virtoe, goodness, hail! to princely de los in ibe Channel, was requested by

worth. e Board of Stewards to take the Chair;

Lol in thy train the Holy Handmaids seen, and on no presious occasion was the high Faits, Hope, and Charity, with look tensiviality of a numerous party sustained with more spirit than by this distinguished Justice and TEMPERANCE shall with thee Erother. The happy address and eloquence

abide, si sbich he usbered in the several toasts,

And meek-eyed Peace be ever at thy side, produced bursts of acclamation, and every

Illustrious Seesex! here po venal lyre aast was followed by an appropriate glee, Shall mock the theme thy greatness should performed by a number of the most eminent

inspire; . **calists, who are all Members of the Fra. Science aad Friendship shall their homage tricity. This department of the day's

pay, ure was under the superintendance of And grateful pour the tributary lay. Sir George Smart, whose taste in the selec. Thy name shall oft to Heaven in prayer

ascend ties of the pieces was highly approved. To Nr. Attwood, the company were also

The poor man's hope-thy fav’rite counboliged for an exquisite glee, composed by

try's friend, kin, the harmony of which was delightful,

Thine be the incense of the Widow's praiseand admirably performed by Mr. Hawes,

Thine be the blessing lisping Orphaps raise. Mr.Clark, Mr. Terrail, Mr. Evans, &c.&c.

Oh! sweeter far such tribute to the great, 2 perforined a second time by the uni

Than all the pomp and pageantry of state: sercal desire of the company. The words

This must forsake them at the dreary Tomb, were as follow :

Thuse like the flowers of Paradise shall

bloom : Round some fair tree th' ambitious wood

A sacred halo round the Royal brow

A richer crown than monarchs can bestow. i dod breathes her sweets on the supporting The various Charities that grace our land bonghs;

Are fed aud nurtured by thy fostering hand. So sweet the song, th' ambitious song should Bound by no party zeal, thy liberal soul be,

Would sacred kpowledge spread from pole 0! pardoo mine, that hopes support from to pole;

Would teach each feeble voice that book to Thee, Seiser, born o'er senates to preside, Their digoity to raise, their councils guide, Which forms the Christian, and improves Deep to eiscere, and widely to survey,

the man. Aed kingdoms' fates, without ambition

The shivering Infant, and the Child of

shame, Of distant virtues nice extremes to blend, Alike shall bless and venerate thy name, The Crown's asserter, and the People's "The victim sad, who, doom's no won tu see,

Still lifts his sightless orbs in Heav'n for Nar dost thou scorp, amid sublimer views,

thee; To listen to the labours of the Muse ; And loosened tongues in faultering sound Tuy smiles protect her, while thy talents declare

How much they owe to thy benignant care. And 'tis but half thy glory to inspire: All-all unite to hail AUGUsTUs' birth, Peceive, lov'd Prince, ber tributary lay, And spread his merits o'er the spacie's Toat swells to celebrate thy Natal Day.

earth. On his Royal Highness's bealth being But let me look around there shall find, drank, with the enthusiasm which bis vir- A peare, bond of union in each mind. ices and services are ever sure to excite, If dear bis worth, to Masong doubly dear; be following copy of verses, written by a I know each Brother's heart will pledge ne were reciied by Dr. Hemruing.

here Lurop. Hlag. F'ol LXXII. Jun. 1818.


bine grows,

tbee ;



friend :




Lift high the goblet-raise the sparkling and entertainment of the Ladies. After the bowl,

Chair was quitted in the Hall, the Royal Whilst cheerful sentiment exalts the soul. Duke, with several of the distinguished Hail great descendant of a royal line ! characters, retired to the room set apart for May years of health and happiness be thine. the Ladies, and partook of tea and coffee May every blessing here be freely given, with them. Music was then resumed there, And closing life he but the verge of Heaven. by the same professional Gentlemen who Then may the world's Great Architect look had gratified the company in the Hall. down,

Some most delightful glees were sang, with And grant thee, Sussex-an Immortal which the Duke and every one present Crown.

appeared much gratified. Mr. Evans sung In a room adjoining the gallery, a sup- the song, “ Tarry awhile with me, my ply of English and foreign fruits, a variety love,” in wbich he eminently excels. of excellent ices, with confectionary and The Royal Duke's Birth-day was cele. various wines, were provided for the re- brated in a large room in the same house, freshment of the Ladies; at which several by the Regiment of Royal North Britons, of the Stewards attended with their wands at which the Highland Pipers attended, and of office, and their splendid Masonic orders played during the entertaiument in their and decorations, to wait upon the Ladies. Highland uniforms.

After this excellent tea and coffee were A numerous band of wind instruments served up. The Stewards deserve the high. attended in the Hall, and played frequently est praise for their attentions to the comfort during the evening.

EC. 27. In Upper Harley-street, the Jan. 5. In Portland-place, the Lady of

William Curtis, Esq. ot' a daughter.

11. In Jeffery's-square, the Lady of J. In New-street, Spring Gardens, the Lady Kuch, Esq.of a son. of J. H. Tremayne, Esq. M. P. of a son. 12. The Lady of G. H. Freeling, Esq. of

the General Post Office, of a son.

DE of


MARRIAGES. MAY 17 At Madras, George William

Wben the bridegroom had signed an obliga. Saunders, Esq. of the Civil Service, tion, which compels him to protect the bride to Miss Marshall, niece to Colonel Marshall, during his life, and her father and brother Secretary to the Hon. Governor.

had bound themselves to protect her after his Duc. 23. At Yarmoutlı, the Rev. Tho. death, the happy couple next repaired to the mas Sayers, A. M. of Pembroke Hall, Car- middle ot' the room, under a rich canopy, bridge, to Maria, daughter of the late Tbo- borne by four near relations, where, amidst mas Burton, Esq. of Bracondale Hill, Nor- the chavnting of the prayers, the bride and wich.

bridegroom were each presented with a glass 30. The Rev. Richard Turner, Minister of wine. After this, however, the former of Great Yarmouth, to Miss Parish of the broke her glass under her feet, in rememsanje place.

brance of the destruction of Jerusalem. An Jan. 1, 1818. At Lyme, by the Rev. Micii. excellent dinner was then served op, and Bubbs, Benjamin Cleave, Esq. of Coombs, dancing continued till one o'clock. near Crediton, in Devonshire, to Miss Cor- 10. Pierre Felix Viennot, Chevalier of mish, of Hay, near Lynie, in Dorsetshire. the Legion of Ilonour, to Sylvia, daughter of

James Hugo Greenwell, Esq. of Bentinck. the late Roberi Shaw, Esq. of Dublin. street, St. Mary-le-bone, to Bridget, eldest

** 17.

At St. James's Church, Major Keane, daughter of Mr. Lloyd, of Harley-street, and 71h Hussars, 10 Anne, third daughter, and grand daughter of the late Jobn Salmon, Esq. also John Grove, 11. D. of Salisbury, to Jean of Holcombe, Somersetshire.

Helen, fourth daughter of Sir Wm. Fraser, . 5. Mr. Jacob Valentine, jun. son of the Bart. Bevilord-square. famed Hebrew Bard, 10 Miss Levy, of Raili- 21. At Chrisi Church, Spitalfields, by the bone-place, at Dieeks's Great Rooms, Brew- Rev. Samuel Hemining, D. D. the Rev. Jobit er-street, Golden-square. Amongst the com- Hemining, of Kimbolton, A. M. F. W. S. to puny were, Sir George Cockburn and bis ne- Mary, caugliter of the late John Symonds of phew, Ludy G. Gordon, and Lady Franklin. Kilderiniusier, Esq.

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