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gravation, she feels the utmost in ret cede, that there certainly way somo membering that, her guilt caused the cause for the effect which had been proovertbrow of a noble miod and the duced, thougb he would not justify its votimely death of its possessor. V. degree. The habits of business and the (To be continued.)

maxims of the world are diapetrically. opposed to those sublime contemplan

tions which the lover of nature jos THE GLEANER.

dy ges in : the calmuess of rural scenes No. IX.

forms a perfect contrast to the bustle of And this our life, exempt from public active life ; and the man who thinks rahaunt,

ther of the meaus of acquiriog a proFinds tongues in trees, books in the ron,

perty in what he beholds, than of enning brooks, Sermons in stones, and good in every thick inates ils value according to what is

joying it when possessed s. and estis As You Like It, Act 2. Sc. I.

will sell for ; cannot eyler into tbe 'N the sources from which nen en, feelings of the fond enthusiast, who they are too apt to forget, how much of of an oft-frequented spot, aod, with their happiness and comfort depends all the devotion of a lover, possesses upon themselves. They look upon ex. at once his tenderness and bis extraterual objects as possessing iaberent vagance. charms, and thiok that the possession But however willing we may be to of those objects will coutributc very allow, that it is very possible for the materially to the augmentation of their sense of adıniration of the scenes, of enjoyments. They associate with cor

nature to produce feelings in the breast tain situations the ideas of superior wbich are altogether incompatible with felicity, and suppose that is is only ue, that decision of character and energy of cessary to be placed iu those situations, mind which a daily intercourse with in order to obtain that felicity. And, ment requires ; yet we would always very frequently, after mistaking, what view a 'lendency towards this excess was best calculated to promote the at. with sentiments of the most lenient in, tainment of the end which they seek, dulgence, and even, io many iøstances, they attacb blame wbere it is not due, of something like envs i sentiments and deal out their censures where they wbich: we could never experience for are not merited. It is very evident, wards that insensible being who runs that, froin our physical constitution, into the olber extreme, and is never much of our pleasure depends upon willing to quit the beat and the hurryi our senses ; but, at the same time, it the business and the bustle of the city, should be remembered, ibat “ 'The for the solemn silence and lovely sweet. miad's the standard of tbe man,” and ness of the lovely valley, the calın reibat it is only in proportion as this treats and sequestered solitude of the is well regulated, and properly disci- dusky grove. plined, that aoy ubing, however pleas The love of the scenes of natura jag to the eye, howevery grateful to the affords a proof, at least, of a valuable palate, or however harmonious to the simplicity of miod, and of a freedom ear, can long continue to afford satis. from many of the ficlilidus affecintions faction.

of a vain disposition. There is a wide, Some of the most valued of our en.

a very wide, difference between Ibe joyments, and purest of our pleasures, taste which revels upoo the poisoned spring from causes apparently simple, pleasures of the gaieties' of life, and and arise from objects which many not ibat, which seeks for the honied baba only profess theinselves incapable of sain of unadulterated enjoyment from valuing, but even affect to despise. the upsullied Powers which grow in But there is scarcely the individual Nature's garden. The forn er may aço to be found, who would venture lo

company all that is triling in character, deride the expression of satisfaction and despicable in mind; all that is false which a continplation of the objects in professivo, and deceitful in-appearof nature produces. He migbt indeed ance: all that is wortbless jo mutire ridicole the peculiar manner in which and impare, in condocu: but the latte that expression was conveyed, and the eviuces, that, i whatever be its vbjeeapparently enthusiastic terms in which tiovable qualities, there still ren sins it was clothed, but he would still cow something that looks like Nature's on

ituplanting, something altogether un- pleasures to that delicate taste, and connected with the applause of man and classical elegance, which have distinthe praise of the insincere ; something guished the ruralretreats of many, whose that is now 'really good, that may be ability to display them arose from the come better, that seldom degenerates wealth which assiduous engagement in into evil, and that stamps a valuable comnlercial enterprize had honourably and intrinsic merit on its possessor. procured. We can easily conceive of a connection It would be, perhaps, a difficult task between the anxieties of business, tbe to find the man who was not susceptible restlessness of care, the fatigues of daily of some pleasure in contemplating the occupation, and the collision of oppo- scenes of rural tranquillity, unless bis site minds, with the designing craftiness mind be disturbed with the consciouswhich only delights in deceiving its vic ness of guilt, or tormented by the pangs tím, with the cuoning, subtilty that of remorse. The inere effect which the watches for an opportunity to defraud, combination of light and shade, and the and with the callous insensibility that varieties of that verdure which the wiso heeds not the supplications of the dis- ordination of creative wisdom bas ore tressed ; but these are feelings altoge- dained, afford a certain indescribable ther incompatible with the quiet scenes pleasure to the organs of vision; whilst of rural silence ; their possessors will the sounds that salute the ear, the whis. bever seek for their gratifications in pering breeze that “lulls the spirit while that solitude which leaves nothing for it fills the mind,"and the melody of the their vices to act upon, nothing round ten thousand warblers who cheer the which they can twine their venomous day, folds but the poisoned reflections of, “ Exhilirate the spirit, and restore their own minds. The crowded city The tone of laoguid Nature.” and the busy'mart may afford empley

But it is not the mere sensual gratifi. fent for cupping and deceit, but the #ill be fields of operation on which they blest source of pleasure to the lover of verdant meadow and the dewy lawo" cations that are thus produced,

which can find no victims. We are very far from insinuating that is connected with its objects, that

nature. It is the association of ideas tbat there is any thiog like a neces. sary connection between the evil,quá fated taste and the refined mind. If

renders them so pleasing to the culti. and the intercourse with mankind which we could by any means analyse the feel. the ordinary avocations of life, and the ings, and scrutinize into the reflections

of different individuals, whilst placed in engagements of business require. We only mean to point out the more fred situations calculated to call into full quent and extended opportunities for action the utmost extent of pleasure

of which they were susceptible on a their display which such scenes afford, and to place them in contrast with the view of Nature's fairest prospects, we opposite tendency of those of nature might probably ascend in a gradual And had we been inclined to barbour magner, from sensations almost as on. to unjost and uncharitable a sentiment; forms a part of the fallow

feld, to emo

couth and shapeless as the clod which the recollection of mapy characters, within the sphere of our own acquain. tions as refined and delicate as the fair: tance, who, whilst they were cotiscien est production in Nature's cultivated tiously discharging those duties which garden. The countryman, who regards they owed to theniselves, to their fami-cach object with the indifference of one lies, and to their country, were suscep it, and who, vastly different from the

who can discover no peculiar beauty in tible of a double relish on the contemplation of the enchaating scenes of ancient Arcadian shepherds, who seem tucal tranquillity, heightened by the inuch beiter suited contrast with the ordinary habils of

"" To serve occasions for poetic pomp,” their lives, would lead us at once to than to take the charge of their feecy have discarded such a suspicion. And focks, casis an eye of listless indif. If we bad required any thing furtberference on all that surrounds him, may to convince us of our error, we need be regarded as the least susceptible of only to have remembered, that the refined emotions. The man whose early waridest admirer of the beautics of habits have beon connected with the des the covetry is indebted for many of bis tails of business, and whose only motive

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for resorting to the quiet walks of rural tion of the objects of nature with a tranquillity is the healthful vigour which permanent and enduring value. It is be inbales' in the pure gales which bear to those bours which have been thos none of the coulamination of the crowd. spent, and to those days which have ed city, feels that pleasure which results been thus passed, that the memory most from the mere gratification of his senses, frequently recurs, and on which the iningled perhaps, in a trilling degree, imagination loves to dwell. On a rewith something mental that is scarcely trospective view of those enjoyments, definable. The scholar and the student, or those aoxieties, which have been ex, whose attention to their literary lore perienced at an early period of our lives, have served at once to eufeeble their bul which still produce some faint imconstitutious whilst they have been en pressions of their former infuence, as Jarging their minds, and bave thruwa a they successively presont themselves to sickly aspect over the pallid couple., our remembrance; one and another is Dance wbich oftea kindles with intelli- suffered to pass through the miud, vagence ; and have faded the eye wbich beeded and disregarded, living again often beams with the sparkling rays of indeed, but presenting themselves like genius; conuecting, the pleasing anso, dusky shadows, which bear po interestciations of classical descriptivo with the ing character, and which are distin. surrounding scenery, apply their la- guished by uo pleasing colours. But as vorite passages to the objects of their the early scenes of our childhood, or regard, and modernize, by a species of our youth, or our more advanced years, mental translation and intellectual ap are reipembered, scenes wbich, have plication, the avimated descriptions of been connected with the quiet trapancient literature. But there is a class quillity of rural ionocence, we neizo of feelings, and a peculiar train of med. upon then with an eager avidity ; re. tal associativas, much more suited for taiu them with a certain creative sporthe complete enjoyment of Nature's tiveness; invest them with all their for faodscapes. There is a certain delic mer, and more than their former intecacy of sentiment, a peculiar adapta. rest; add to Nature's own colouring a tion of mental images, an activity of few heightening tipus of our own; throw, imagination, and a susceptibility of in some new lights, and mellow them temper, tbat seem necessary to be col. wilb a softer shade ; aod when the imlected in the constitution of that mind, perious calls of duty and the demands which is the most alive to the pleasures of life rouse us from our willing dreams, of roral scenery. It is the combination we wake from a sleep so fascinating and operation of these which form the and so seductive, that we could have basis of a genuine poetical taste, and wisheự that the fairy laodscape which wbich invest the objects which are con our imagination had painted bad been templated with a peculiar interest, as permanent as it was pleasing. When which it is not easy to express by words, the morning of youth has diininisbed but which will be instantly recognized into the misty obscurity of distance ; by all who have experienced it. And when the noon of manhood has been where these feclings operate with all passed tbrough; and when the tranquil their energy, and are accompanied with evening of advancing age has with. that Christian appropriation which can drawn us, in a measure, from the ccre. enter fully into the sentiment conveyed monies and the formalities of social by that beautiful idea of our sweetest, intercourse; the tumultuous cares and chistest, best of poets—" My Father puquict scenes of business, the coninade them all"--we scarcely know a nexions of society, and the bonds of more enviable pleasure than that which worldly acquaintance; it is not to these is possessed by The man, who can thus that the menjory will revert wild its t'njoy the bounties of the parent of fondest recollections and purest satisthe universe, and whilst beholding hin faction; but it will dwell with delight as the “ Father of all," cay experience ou the remembrance of the joys which the heavenly delight resulting from an the scenes of nature has afforded, and individual relationship, and the sublime will often “ cast a longing lmgeriog matisfaction produced by so enoobling look behind" to those iratqui hours an intercourse.

when ihe mind has surrendered it.etfia There is one consideration which is retirement to the unrestrained enjoy. calculated to invest this subject with ments of its own reflections, and the un. o peculiar interest, and to slamp the interrupted participation in the most leasures produced by the contempla: inuoceut recreations of life, ALFRED.

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To the Edilor of the European Magazine destruction, both of body and soul.. I SIR,

pointed out the fatal certainty with

which ruin of character aod remorse of PROMISED to send you the reflecI tions of the unhappy young, mau

conscience--the one irretrievable aud in prison, upon his owo review of the vi. the other overwhelming, were always cious course which he had pursudil, and

found to follow in the footsteps of the which had pluoged him into all the hør

rash votary of libertiue indulgence ;rors of despondency, and driven him to I brought him to ackoowledge the sad ibe dreadful act of suicide.

truth, ibat too frequently such an one I now transmit the following account

was left by the treachery of his passions of his last moments, during which he

without any possibility of making Jiogered between life and death.

amends to society for the outrages I am, Sir, your's respectfully,

wbich he had committed upon its preJune 3, 1813,

W. F. t. scriptive laws and social rights ;-1 'dis. -shire.

played to him the irremediable injury which he had ipflicted upon his ill-re.

quited parents; - dwelt upon the When I entered the wretched youth's misery, disgrace, and despondency, into room, I was introduced to bim by the which he had plunged a woman, who, wortbg man who is the keeper of the whatever might have been the atrocity prison, and whose character has been of her acquiescence in his unprincilong revered by every one who knows pled views, certainly did not deserve to him, as possessing all those excellent be. rendered for ever wretched by the principles wbich render him an orna man who had been generously made the meot to society, even in his onenviable participator of her husband's unsusand, too often, misrepresented office. 1 pecting confidence, and liberal co-opeconfess myself to have felt a disposition ration to promote his personal advance. to think but slightly of the humanity meat in commercial profit and insportof individuals in bis station ; but the ance ;-1 bade bim reflect, that, not. many evidences of the tender conside- withstanding he had escaped the sentence ration with which this person' applied of death in consequence of the inadehimself, in all cases of human misery, quacy of the laws against the enormous to alleviate the sufferings of his pri. crime of duelling to bring the offenders to soners, bave induced me to change my condigo punishment, the stain of blood opinion, and acknowledge that all my was upon his hands, and the guilty prejudices against keepers of prisons deed of depriving a fellow.creature of and jailors, have given way before the life was recorded against him in the generous conduct of this good man ; judgment of au Omniscient God;—that, and I perceive that even those whose in the volume of Retribution, none of employment it is to guard the con those evasions and sophistries would be science-stricken culprit, can feel for found allowed, by which the corruptbeir depraved and degraded fellow. tion of the buman heart, and the fashion creatore, and are anxious to temper the of a sinful world, sought to justify the rigors of confinement with Christiau selfish principles of a false and murdersympathy.

ous honour;-) concluded by implorAfter my first introduction, I visited ing him to consider well, in his own the young man three or four times be- unhappy example, the religious truth of fore I received the letter which you the following inference: that no man have inserted in your Miscellany for can violate the moral obligations which last Month. At these seasons I was he owes lo society, without transgressanxious to bring him to a just estima. ing in equal degree those in wbich be tioo 'of the moral and religious oeccs. is bound towards God. And, hence, it sity for repentance.

became him to seek the pardon of his As I had long been, acquainted with guiltiness at His divine hand; since, as the general course of the dissipated His justice was eternal, so would be His life that he had led, I represented to wrath. To the justice of man he had subbim how unworthy of a rational being mitted bimself; and when the temporary such a surrender of bis better judgment forfeiture of his personal liberty should be and purer convictions must appear to' paid, the discharge of the penalty exacted him, when he reflected on the decep- would be accoinplished; and whether lious nature of those vicious gratifica. he manifested his penilence or not for tions which had led him to the brink of the iniquity which he had done, was Europ. Mag. Vol. LXXMI. June 1818.

SR

Dess.

not in the contemplation of those laws and I clearly perceived that, so vitiated by which he was punished. It was not had been his heart, there was still a reso with the justice of God, and the gret lingering in his bosom, at finding inflictions of His displeasure. The Kiniself, by this last fatal act, cut off at former could only be appeased by a once from all worldly gratification, and faithful repentance of those transgres. doomed to disappoivtment and diswhich he had comınitted ; and the lat. grare; 1, therefore, shewed him the ulter ter could no otherwise be averted than onprofitableriess of the career which he by such newness of life, as might prove had so inconsiderately ron, as well as that repentance to be sincere. I advised the criminal impetuosity with which be him, therefore, to retire from the public had persevered in its course, unreeye as soon as the period of his sentence strained by the admonitions and expose should be completed, in order to avoid tulations of bis heart-broken parents, that contempt and execration with and unchecked by the reproacbes of bis which all who knew him would, out of own conscience. regard to their own reputation, reject It was my duty to press these salutary him from their intercourse. In this re truths upon this poor young man's actirement he might cultivate that hope, knowledgment; and my sympathies which the mercy of Heaven still held

were too strongly excited, not to blend out to him, and which henceforward with ny sense of duty, an earnest de. could be the only consolation and the sire to call him back from the unhal. sole support of his mind.

lowed paibs in which he had wandered This I unfolded to him in all its far from ihe moral and religious purity sacred dependencies, and endeavour of Chrisijau principle. Wien I looked ed to impress bim with a Christian at bim, and called to mind that he was trust, that forgiveness might still be oh). once the endeared child of an affectained through the righteousness of his tionale moiber, and the promising hope Redeemer, and this forgiveness might of an indulgent father when I saw be followed by everlasting blessed. him sunk in woe and personal privation

- when I recollected the expectations By these, and similar reasonings, I which bis youthful promise had raised probed his wounded conscience; and in all his relatives - when, too, the searched the depths of the wound, by excellent edacation which be bad re: representing to him what he had lost, ceived, and the talents which it had and what he yet might gain. He no unfolded, occurred to me; and whou longer possessed the good opinion of so- I coutemplated the sad and piteous ciety, or his own--He was for ever de. reverse of all ihis which he now exhi. prived of all return to reputation and bited, I conld not avoid regarding him credit in this world ; notwithstanding as a dreadful example of that subjugga which, he had it in his power to seek tivo to evil, by which å youth, who that Divine favour and happy immortali. discards all restraints of pious and mo. ty, in which he would discover that peace ral instruction, and opposes the per. and joy can only bless those who seek the verseness of his will to the advice of one in this world through the paths of the wise, is induced to unite himself to pious obedience ; and the other, in the tbe libertine association of the wicked World to come, through the sure mer and the vile; at first, perhaps, without cies of the Most High !

intending to go all lengths with them; As I felt the desolate misery to which but, at last, compelled to do so, by ar this early viction of ungoverned pas. influence which he cannot resist; and sions had reduced himself, it was my to which, by the destructive habit of great anxiety, as a Minister of the Word continued intercourse, be willingly of reconciliation, to seize the reflec- surrenders all bis better prospects, and tions of his mind while they were ba. bappier hopes. Janced between self-reproach and repen I had aitended him as an old actance, and to fix them upon the latier ; quaintance of his family; and, I trust, but I found his thoughts wretchedly I may add, as the friend of his sont bewildered between the infidel notions and I was the more disposed to use my which he had imbibed, and those pros. most anxious exertions to reclaiip hini pects of cternity which bis fears, rather from his guilly course, because I feared, than his hopes shadowed lo his forebod that in his then distracted state of ing soul. Pleasure, in all its most ruin. mind, despair might lay bold of hini, ous pursuits, had been his only object; and precipitate him into a lower deep

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