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are in reality so much above suspicion, sofficiently galling to compel by act of that at this period, any, defence of Parliament persons out of the Estathem would be completely a work of blishment to contribute directly by supererogation.

means of the taxes towards the erection I am, Šir, myself the son of a clergy; of new churches, but the other pro. man of the Church of England, and ject is too obviously dishonest to be cannot, therefore, be fairly supposed submitted to by any inan of houourable indifferent to its welfare; but I trust feeling. it'is not required of me as a lest to But to return for a moinent to the believe, that none but those within its ostensible subject of your Correspondpale are entitled to be considered as ent's letter. I:hink it will be ad. Christians, or that I am to be blind mitted, that though he contemplates to the merits of my dissenting brethren. the intended measure with so much Ou the contrary, I am free to confess, complacency, he rather assumes its nothat their recent conduct, and that of cessity than argues for it. Had be coosome of the dignitaries of our Church, descended to slew tbat anything like a have excited very different emotions. want of churches in the metropolis But why the increase of dissent should really exists, he would have offered

alarming;” I koow not, unless something towards an apology for what E. R. will really prove, that the bulk now appears to me to be an extravagant of sectarians teach, as he asserts, prine waste of money; for, so far from there ciples which tend to the complete being a deficiency, I am of opinion subversion of religion, morality, and that there is already an overplus. I social order."

do not mean to say that inc five parishPerbaps the charge of lukewarmness churches enumerated by E. R. are not and inactivity cannot with propriety be filled, but that in the city there are now urged against clergymen of the some ten or twenty so thinly atteoded, Church of England; but to what cause that the officiating clergy men may lite. is this sudden energy to be attributed ? rally adopt the language of Swift, on an Not, I apprehend, to any increase of occasion when he was left minus a conaffection or zeal for the souls of men gregation, and individually say, “Dearly (I judge here of cause by effect), but beloved Roger (if that be Amen's Chris to a well-grounded fear, that upless tian name), the scripture movetb yoq they recover from the state of apathy and I, &c.” If theo such be the case, to the interests of the Establishment what is there to prevent the 216,768 into which they have been so long sunk persons from migraling to these de. -that establisbment will crumble to serted churches, if they have any porpieces, and bury them amid its ruins. tion of the zeal E. R. supposes them lo if, however, they do not exert them- possess ? Since my removal to the couo. selves in a far different manner, an try within a few weeks, after a residence effect very opposite to what they now of upwards of sourteen years in the heart appear to anticipate will result.

of the city, I have had opportunities of Another topic worthy of notice in perceiving, that the church and dissentE. Ri's letter, is the opinion that a ing meeting of the parish in which I reportion of the money subscribed to- side are filled by persons, the majority wards the erection of a cenotapb for of whom come from a distance of many the Princess Charlotte, ought to be miles in all weathers. Surely, then, it allotted to “ the building a free would be no great hardship, if some churcb." This is quite in character of the unaccommodated overplus at the with all his other enlurged ideas. And West end of the town were to take so, he would think it no breach of faith a ride in their carriages, or even to towards the numerous individuals of all walk, at the least once a day, to the sects (Jews, Quakers, Unitarians, Me- deserted churches of the city-wbere thodists, &c.), who have subscribed for they would probably hear quite as good the erection of some monument of sermons as at their own parish-churches. respect to the inemory of so much I dare say there would not be a straw to worth, to bave their inoney devoted choose between them, for in point of to the building of a place of worship. literary talent tbe printed specimens do into which they could never enter with not furnish any remarkable superiority proper feelings, and where principles on the one side of Temple.bar or the would be taught which they conscien- other. If proofs were wanting of the tiously consider as erroneous ! 'It is loyalty of the great body of dissenters,

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sbo have been so grossly aspersed by resemblance to Dr. Hufeland, who, in your Correspondent, they are abun- his Macrobiulic, or the Art of living dantly furnished by the printed ser- to an adrunced Age, declaims against moos of aumerous individuals among the use of cheese, of which he himself them on that inelancholy event :--and eat a prodigious quantity every day if a statement of the comparative lite- of his life. rary merits of the established and dis. We may quote from the Austrian senting clergy were required, E. R. has Chronicle, a short specimen of the declaonly to read the sermons published on mation of this new enemy to coffee. that occasion, and he will soon make The series of disorders which ordi. up bismod opon the subject.

narily result from poison, become mani. la conclusion-1 would fain hope fest, he says, sooner or later, in those that the majority of 216,768 persons individuals who accustom themselves to are not waiting the erection of splendid drinking coffee : vapours, palpitation edifices (which I strongly suspect are of the heart, insomnium, hemorrhoides, oals intended to furnish an increase bemoptysis, shivering fits, vertigo, and of patronage), but are even now at- astheneia, are always observable in lendung places of worship, whether in coffee drinkers. An intinite list of chro. or out of the Establishment, where the nic disorders, such as obsiructions, car. great and important truths of revelation cinoma, gout, consomption, &c. &c. are plainis inculcated, and where a re- prove how greally the use of coffie verence of God is not superseded in the tends to vitiate the humours in the taiurlers of religion by a greater respect human body. for their fellow-creatures.

According to Dr. Petocz, it is so Trusting, therefore, that this is the evident that these disorders are all oc. case, I remaio, Sir,

casioned by coffee, that should a phare, Your most obedient servant, sician wish to calculate the degree of

T. W. duty he may have to perform among

his patients, he must first ascertain (In compliance with the request of our whether they make a practice of drioko Correspondent, w have inserted his Let. ing coffee ; if so, he inay be sure that ter (leaving oul two or three passages his visits to them will be tolerably frewhich we conceive to be exceptionable);

quent. silk lhe insertion of which we wish to Why does the plague prove so fatal lake our leare of the subject, as it might to the inhabitants of the Levant? Belead us loo much into controversy ] cause they drink coffee. The scrupu.

lous observers of the Koran, who ab

stain from wine, agd deny themselves MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION. the use of any agreeable drink, and No. XLII.

consequently coffee, vever suffer froia

that distemper. COFFEE.

The Arabs are the greatest coffee. A

NEW enemy of coffee has recently drinkers in the universe. Consequently

appeared on the medical horizon. Arabia, though formerly the birtb-place: Doctor Michel Petoez, of Presburgh, of philosophers and celebrated physia has fulminated a large and erudite vo- cians, is now in a state of the profoundlune against the perfumed bean of Ara. est ignorance. The heating properties bia.

of coffee have paralyzed the intellectual Pantenelle's bon-mot respecting cof- faculties of the Arab, and withered the fee is well knowa: and since bis time flowers of his genius. much has been written both for and Finally, coffice is the source of erery. against a beverage, which some pre- disorder; and were it not an iocontes. scribe as salutary, and others declare tible fact, that Pandora omplied her to be the most pernicious that can pos- box before the use of coffee became sibly exist.

kuown, the Doctor would probably Dr. Petoez maintains his opinion assert, that that charming mischief.. with a degree of confidence which maker needed only to have employed it reminds us of the paradox of the advo- as the means of producing all humau cale Linguel, who attempted to prove, miseries. with Hippocrates in his hand, that bread All this is excellevt, and sorely no. was neither more nor less than slow one will allempt to deny the following poisco. He likewise bears some little convincing reasoning !

a

APPARATUS FOR PROPELLING SHIPS.

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SIR,

Were I, says the Hungarian physi- night on a pan of coals, previously closcian, to jnstance an unfortunate be- ing the chamber-door. ing who grew old in the abuse of coffee, I should point to the bust of Voltaire.

NI Would wish to know how this poi.

RECIPE FOR CLEANING PAINT, you sonous beverage directed bis ideas, by which has been tried repeatedly with means of exalting his imagination great success. Read his works!!!

1 lb. of soft soap;
2 oz. of pearl ash;
1 pint of sand :

1 pint of table.beer. M. C. A. Erb, Professor of Philoso. Simmer the above in a pipkin: be par: phy at Heidelberg, has invented a sim.

ticular that the ingredients are well ple and cheap hydraulic apparatus, by mixed ; put a small quantily on a means of which, ships and vessels of all fannel : rub it on the waiuscot ; then kinds, from the sinailest to the largest, wash it off with warm water ; thomay be propelled, with a small exertion roughly dry it with a linen cloth. of force, against the most violent cur

Cornhill, May 12, 1818. H. A. rents and storms, in constant uniform motios, with a rapidity capable of any increase, without the use of oars or of To the Edilor of the European Magazine. sails. Sinking ships may be preserved from farther sinking by this apparatus, TOUR according to the direction to be given Correspondent, whose monthly to it. It governs the motion of the contribution possesses so much anec. largest ship, so as to move it at plea- dote and observation, has in your last 1 sure, from a state of rest, by the small Number, in his paper upon "Women," difference of an inch, or a line, or with- issued out some very severe reiparks out progressive motion, to turn it round upon the female character. Are we on one point in every direction.

to presume that the sources from which
he derives his information are destitute 241

of any favourable account, or must we RECIPES.

suppose that be, generally agreeing

wiib These “ sour recluses," forbears ? No. XIX.

to publish them. One or two desul

tory observations assures me that he BOOPING-COUGH.

decides against them : why then has be T' The following Remedies for a not adduced some anecdotes to illus

Hooping. Cough are subnitted trate the amiable qualities of the to the public by an anxious and grale- sex," and not entirely appropriate ful parent

bis sclections to such ill savoured opie Dissolve a scruple of salt of tartar in vions—that would bare been only do. ? a gill of water, and ten grains of co. ing us justice : not that the glowny chineal, finely pounded ; sweeten this sentiments of a cloister can diminish with sugar. Give an infant the fourth our influence, or weaken our power. a part of a table spoonful, four times The world at large have not so poor a-day ; to a child two or three years an opinion of us, for even the wisest old, half a spoonful ; and to a child of mankind have owned that life is four years old and upwards, a spoon. scarcely worth enjoying when woman ful. To which may be added, as auxi- does not share it. If, inerciore, your liaries, a Burgundy pitch plaister on the above Correspondent (whom I am sorry pit of the stomach, a faunel waistcoat to observe is drawing to the end of his or shirt dext to the skin, and a change contribution) wishes to preserve the of air wben practicable. The diet esteem of many of his female readers, should be light and casy of digestion, he will not fail to explore his treasures, avoiding every thing of a fat or oily and present us with an extra communi nature.

cation on the brighter side of the female POMIGATION.-- Three drachms of gum character. To full expectation of which, benjamin--three dillo storax-mixed I remain, Mr. Editor, and divided into twelve powders; burn

Your obedient servani, one of these in the patieut's rooin every

MARIA,

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THE

LONDON REVIEW,

AND

LITERARY JOURNAL,

FOR MAY, 1818.

PRID SIT POLCARUN, QUID TURPE, QUID UTILE, QUID NON.

$

Description of the Character, Hanners, of our moral nature, extinguish curioend (usioms of the People of India, sity, annihilate emulation, and reduce end of their instilulions, Religious the whole economy of life to a dull and (ivil. By the Abvé J. A. Dubois, mechanical obedience, Missionary in the Mysore. Translulcd M. Dubois discovers in hereditary froa ike french Manuscript. 4to. occupations, the secret of that inge

muity which the Hindoos display in va. W

E are not surprised that this rious manual operations : but is not

intelligent work should have this aptitude equally observed among ohtyined the suffrage of Sir J. Molotosh, tbe Chinese-Siexibility, adroiiness, and and other enlightened men, familiar with dexterity, are physical accomplishments the aspect of Hindostan; and cordially derived from a genial climate. sobynbe lo his avowed opinion, that it It is assumed by M. Dubois, that the is the most minute and comprehensive institution is adapted to the ignoble work extant of the manners of the Hiu. propensities and effeminate character dos

of ihe people. Might it not rather This pre-eminence of information the be inferred,' that the degeneracy of the author derived from his long residence people is fixed by the pernicious princi. in the lysors, and the confidential un- ple of legislation. M. Dubois has can. reserved intimacy to which he was ad- didly stated the evils that result from its faitled by the natives, to whose cuis. existence. A few examples will be sufii. toms be conformed, and whose preju. cieut to evince how completely his opi. dices he respected.

nion is invalidated by his testimony. li dues not appear that M. Dubois “Expulsion from the cast is a kind of * more successful than other Euro. civil excommunication, which debars peans have been in promulgating the the unhappy object of it from all interGospel : the distinction of casts, the course whatever with his fellow-crea. fundamental basis of Hindoo society, tures. He is a man, as it were, dead bas ever opposed its reception, or im- to the world. lle is no longer in the peded its progress.

society of men. By losing his cast, We canno assent to the author's the Hindu is berest of friends and rela: hypothesis, that the character and con- tions, and often of wife and children, dition of the people are ameliorated by who will rather forsake bii than share this prescriplive system; on the con- in bis miserable lot. No one dares to trary, we are led to attribute to its mis. eat with him, or even to your him out a chievous operations their imperfect civi- drop of water. If he has marriageable lization, their total insensibility, and ap- danghters they are shunned. No other parent incapacity for moral and intellec. girls can be approached by bis sons. tual iraprovement. If it were the ob. Wherever he appears, he is scorned and ject of a legislator to arrest the progress pointed at as an outcast. If he sinks of the buman nuind, and to impose pere under the grievous curse, his body is petual pupillage on the human race, suffered to rot on the place where be what belter expedient could be adopt, dies. than lo mould society to monotonous “ Even if, in losing his cast, he could ceafornity—10 abstract all the energics descend into au interior one, the evil

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424 Dubois's Description of the Character, &c. of the People of India. [May

would be less. But he has no such of the cast, which condemn the be. resource. A Sudra, little scrupulous as trothed girl to remain in a state of he is about honour or delicacy, would widowhood, althougb the husband for scorn to give his daughier in marriage whom she was destined dies before mar. eveo to a Brahman thus degraded. If riage. Accordingly all who had assisted be caunot re-establish biniself in his at the ceremony, or who had been preown cast, he must sink into the in- sent at it, were cut off from the cast, famous tribe of the Pariah, or mix with and no one would afterwards form any : persons whose cast is equivocal. Of connection with them. Long after this this sort there is no scarcity wherever happened, I have seen some of the indi. the Europeans abound. But, unhappy viduals, advanced in age, who remained is be who trusis lo this resource. A in a solitary stale for this reason alone. Hindu of cast may be dishonest and " Another incident of this kind uca a cheat ; but a Hindu without cast has curs to me, which was rather of a more always the reputation of a rogue. serious complexion than the preceding.

“ 'The exclusion from the cast is fre. Eleven Brahmans, in travelling. having quently put in force without much ce

passed through a country desolated by remony; sometimes even out of haired

war, arrived at length, exhausted by or caprice. These cases happen when hunger an i fatigue, at a village, which, individuals, from whatever mulive, re. contrary to their expectation, they fuse, in whole or for the greater part, to found deserted They had brought assist at the marriages or funerals of any with them a small portion of rice, but one of their relations or friends, or to they could find nothing to boil it in juvite, on such occasions of their own, but the vessels that were in the house those that have a right to be present. of the washer-man of the village. To Persons excluded in this way never fail Brahmans, even to touch thein would to commence proceedings against those have been a defilement almost impossiwho have offered them the iusult, de- ble to efface. But being pressed with manding reparation for their wounded hunger they bound one another to sehonour. Such instances are commonly crecy hy an oath, and then boiled their derminated by arbitration, and in that rice in one of the pots, which they had case the exclusion is not attended with previously washed a hundred times

. the hateful and ruinous consequences One of their alone abstained from the before described.

repast, and as soon

as they reached • It is not necessary that offences their home, he accused the other ten agaiust the usages of the cast should before the chief Brahmans of the town. be either intentional or of great mag- The rumour quickly spread. Ao asnitude. It happened to my knowledge sembly is held. The delinquents are not long ago, that some Brabmans who summoned, and compelled to appear. live in my neighbourhood, having been They had been already apprised of the convicted of ealing at a public enter- difficulty in which they were likely to taipment with a sudra, disguised as a be involved ; and when called upon 10 Brahman, were all ejected from the answer the charge, they unanimously cast, and did not regain admission into protested, as they had previously cou: it without undergoing an infioite num. certed, that it was the accuser only that ber of ceremonies both troublesome and

was guilty of the fault which he had expensive.

laid to their charge.

Which side was is I witnessed an example of this to be believed ? Was the testimony of kind more unpleasant than what I have one man to be taken against that of alluded to. In the cast of the ideyars, ten ? The result was, that the ten Brab. the parents of two families had met and

mans were declared innocent, and the determined on the union of a young accuser, bring found guilty, was es. man and girl of !heir number. The pelled with ignoming from the tribe usual presents were offered to the young by the chiefs, who though they could woman, and other ceremonies performed scarcely doubt of his innocence, yet which are equivalent to betrothing could not belp being offended with ihe among us. After these proceediogs, the disclosure be inade." young man died, before the time ap- The author proceeds to describe the pointed for accomplishing the marriage. generical differences in the sectaries de After his death, the parents of the girl, voted to Brahma, Vishna, or Siva. The who was still very young, married her sect of Vishou is distinguished by one to another. This was against the rules ceremony more ridiculous iban any that

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