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sion, that they who “abase themselves, minister of Sky, the Rev. Dr. Macshall be exalted.”

queen. This good man and excellent Another refinement I would mention, pastor invited several of his friends of unexceplionable tendency, is that of io meet the English lexicographer ; Waltzing; a proper accompaniment, and it may naturally be supposed, that certainly, to our other refinements, and the ardent love of literature which pefar from suspicious in its nature; culiarly marks the character of the for how can any person, of the chastest Scotch, induced all that were invited to conceptions suppose, that there is any attend. The Doctor had been remarkthing licentious in the movements it ably communicative at the hospitable displays, or any thing even remolely board of his reverend host; and from calculated to inspire voluptuous emo- the vein which he appeared to be in, a tious in that entertwining of the limbs rich treat seemed to be in reserve for this foreign importation exhibits. the company that were assembled in the

Thus ihe man of fasbion spends his drawing-room, anxious to catch the days, (which are to be accounted, not &TEC Filiposilo of the Great Man-The like others from sun-rise to sun-set, disappointment, therefore, must have but from mid-day to about 4 A.M.) been very grievous to them, at Hadiog between the lounging at Tattersall’s that the Doctor preserved an inflexible, and White's in the morning, and the and to them an intolerable, silence ; figuring at Almack's in the evening. at length, Mrs. Macqueen addressed hint To follow him through all the miouliæ in the general phraseology of the teaof his manners, relined as they are, table, * Dr. Johnson, shall I give you to a nicety and exactness no one can any more tea ; you have had twelve adequately appreciate, would be end- enps already."'-To any one who knew less-the 'bauteur of his gait, tbe low the Doctor's appetite for tea, and had coogee approaching to servility to some observed the avidity with which he swal. favoured fair one, and the contempo lowed cup after cup, this question of the tuous nod to some poor tradesinan; Jady's will not appear at all extraordithe hollow professions of friendship, nary ; it must also be recollected, that ready on all occasions, but never in- at that time tea-cups were of much less tended to be realized; and the ease

capacity than they are at present.--The with which appointments and engage. reply was made in all the sonorous senments may be violated without a blushi tentiousness of Johnson, “ Yes, Ma. -all these I pass by, because they dam, I will have twelve more, to punish are only the appendages to the charac. you for asking the questivo." - The ter and complete its excellence. I now astonishment of the company may easily conclude this too long extended ar. be conceived, when their expectations, ticle, but sball, if consonant with your which were raised to the highest pitch, wishes, pursue my remarks al a future were thus met by a speech that might period. 'I am, Sir, your's respectfully, well have been considered, in a party

ONE OF THE OLD SCHOOL. much less civilized and intelligent than London, 9th April, 1818.

that which heard it, as savouring more

of ancourtcous self-reference than of Tolhe Edilor of the European Magazine. brilliant repartee-but it showed the

mind of the man as distinctly as any I

SEND you the following original elaborate argnment that he could have

anecdotes of the celebrated Dr. taken up, for the display of his jotelSamuel Johnson, which I believe bave lectual powers. never before met the public eye. You bave them, Sir, as recounted to nie by The Doctor, on his return from this authorities of unexceptionablo veracity: tour, stopped a few days at one of the If requisite, these authorities can be re. Scotch universities. It happened, that ferred to ; for I am perfectly aware that in an evening party formed on purpose nothing ought to be fathered upon the to mect him, ai the house of one of the fame of Johnson which is not sufti- professors, a young North Britov, lately ciently authenticated to bear the test of returned from America, took upon bim inquiry. I am, Sir,

to monopolize the conversation rather Your obedient servant, F. I. S. longer than the Doctor's patience was

disposed to allow, more especially as the DURING the Doctor's tour of the subject conveyed a very energetic desHebrides, he paid a visit to the worthy cription of the advantages enjoyed by

SIR,

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our transatlantic brethren above those Greenland is a country where every which the inhabitants of Great Britain object is strikingly singular, or highly could boast of. The author of " Taxa- magnificent. The atmosphere, the land, tion no Tyranoy" could not endure this and the ocean, each exbibit remarkable indirect reflection upon his Tory pripci- or sublime appearances. pies

, and abruptly interrupted the young The atmosphere is dark coloured, iraveller with one of his thunder-clap dense, frequently producing crystallized interrogatories—“ Pray, Sir, are we to snow in a wonderful perfection and vaaccept your account as a relation of riety of forin and texture, and remarkpositive fact, or only as the vision of able for sudden transitions from calm to i rebellious hope ?-You think, per- storm, and from foul to fair. baps, that you have said enough to The land is a sublime object; its stuamuse us, but I think, young man, pendous mountains rising abruptly from that you have said a great deal too the very margin of the sea, and termimuch, which no one will thank you' nating in ridged, conical, or pyramidal for, and every one who thinks cor- summits; the dark rocks chequered with rectly will despise, either as an evi. their burtbeos of purest snow; and the dence of an imbecile judgment, or of whole, viewed under the density of a u evil heart.”—The iraveller, mani- gloomy.sky, forming a grand aud imfestly much offended at this speech, pressive picture. Its most remarkable instantly withdrew from the company. inhabitant, the white or Polar bear, Mrs. Piozzi took occasion to expostu. which also occurs on the ice, the fero late with the Doctor upon the cruel cious, and apparently natural lord of severity of his attack. - Madam,” those regions. He preys indiscriminatesaid the Doctor, cutting her gentle re- Jy on quadruped, reptile, fowl, and fish; buke sbort," he that has not genius all behold him with dread, and fee his Enough to give dignity to fiction, or presence. The seals signify their fear judgment enough io preserve the pro. of him by constant watching, and bebibility of truth, deserves to be re. take themselves precipitately to the proved for those defects by which the water on his approach.* Carrion, thereTreachery of his vanity deceives him." fore, {chietly the carcass of the whale at a

certain season) affords bim a passive,

sure, and favourite food. His sense of THE REPOSITORY.

smelling is peculiarly acute; in his march No. XLVII.

he frequently faces the breeze, raises his

head, and snuffs the passing scent, SELECT COLLECTION OF FUGITIVE PIECES. "Tae nind of man bot being capable of to his odorous banquet, though the

whereby he discovers the nearest route having many ideas under view at once,

distance be incredibly great. i nas necessary to have a REPOSITORY tó ky ap those ideas,”-LOCKE.

The water affords the bed, and partly

the materials for the most prodigious THE ARCTIC EXPEDITIONS.

masses of ice. Ils colour is peculiar. (From the Literury Gazelle.) Its products numerous and important. Te name of Captain William Here the huge myslicetus, or whalebone

Scoresby, junior, is familiar to all whale, resides and collects his food; who have taken an interest iu' the pro- sports and astonishes big bis vast bulk blem, the solution of which is now at and proportionate strength; is the ob. tempting. His observations on a voy- ject of maritime t adveoture and com. age, wherein he penetrated to a very mercial wealth. high boribern latitude, may be considered as the foundation for this attempt; * We are assured by a Greenland capand the paper containing bis remarks, tain, that he has seen the bear display astotead to the Werberian Natural History nishing proofs of sagacity. When woundSociety, and contained in the second ed by a musket-shot, they will apply ice to volome of their Memoirs, cannot fail to the wound, with their paws, in order to be reckoued extremely importaut.

staunch the bleeding. Of this fact our in. The following is its substance, and formant has been an eye-witness.- Ed. the oply alteration we make, is that of

+ The perils of the whale-fishing fill the

navigator's life wi:h“ moving accidents by pulling Captain Scoresby's information

food," " and their adventures are truly deinto our own lunguage, iustead of copy- serving of the name of romantic, as well as ing that of the literary gentleman who of dangerous and tragical. One lash of prepared it for the Wernerian Society: the monster of the deep will dash their

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of the inanimate productions of exceed forty or fifty yards in diameter. Greenland, nope excites so much inte- Now, such a number of these pieces rest and wonder as the ice, in its great collected together in close contact, so abundance and variety, in the ice- that they cannot, from the top of the islands, floating mountains, or ice-bergs, ship's mast, be seen over, are termed a common to Davis' Straits.

Yet the pack. fields * of ice more peculiar to Green- When the collection of pieces can be land are not less astou ishing. Their seen across, if it assume a circular or deficiency in elevation is sufficiently polygopal form, the name of patch is compensated by their amazing extcut applied, and it is called a stream when of surface. Some of them have been its shape is more of an oblong, how observed near a bundred miles in parrow soever it may be, provided the leogth, and more that half that breadth; continuity of the pieces is preserved. each consisting of a single sheet of ice, Pieces of very large dimensions, but having its surface raised in general four smaller than fields, are called floesi or six feet above the level of the water, thus a field may be compared to a puck, and its base depressed to the depth of and a floe to a palch, as regards thei near twenty feet beneath.

size and external form. We shall now extract literatim Capt. Small pieces which break off, and Scoresby's excellent description of the are separated from the larger masse various kinds of ice, which are met by the effect of attrition, are called with in the Northern Seas.

brash.ice, aud may be collected inte The ice in general is designated by a streams or patches. variety of appellations, distinguishing it Ice is said to be loose, or open, wher according to the size or number of the pieces are so far separated, as tu pieces, their form of aggregation, thick- allow a ship to sail freely amongs ness, transparency, &c. I perbaps cag. them; this bas likewise been calla not better explain the terms in com- drifl-ice. mon acceptation amongst the whale. A hummock is a protuberance, raiser fishers, than by marking the disruption upon any plane of ice above the com of a field. The thickest and strongest nou level. It is frequently producer field caonot resist the power of a heavy by pressure, where one piece is squeezer swell; indeed, such are much less capa. upon another, often set upon its edge ble of bending without being dissevered, and in that position cernented by the than the thinner ice which is more frost. Humniocks are likewise formed pliable. When a field, by the set of by pieces of ice inutually crushing each ihe current, drives to the southward, other, the wreck being coacervater and, being deserted by the loose ice, upon one or both of them. To bum becomes exposed to the effects of a mocks, the ice is indebted for its va grown'swell, it presently breaks into a riety of fanciful shapes, and its pictur great many pieces, few of which will resque appearance. They occur ir

great numbers in heavy packs, on the little boat in pieces, and break the limbs of edges, and occasionally in the middle men like the wheel, or crush them together of fields and floes. They often attain as with an avalanche. When the whale the height of thirty feet and upwards. has young, she is particulaily fierce, and requires to be approached with caution; been depressed by the same means as a

A calf, is a portion of ice wbich bas and her maternal fondness is so great, that if her offspring is struck with the barpoon: by some larger mass: from bepeath

bummock is elevated. It is kept down she will not desert it, and the fishers are suse of the parent. It is a strange sight to

which it shows itself on one side. ! see these unwieldy creatures with the have seen a calf so deep and broad, young laid, as it were, ucross their tails, that the ship sailed over it without sucking their “mighty mothers." Brais touching, when it might be observed are sometimes carried through the spuiny on both sides of the vessel at the same sea at the rate of fourteen miles an hour, time; this, however, is attended with by the harpooned whale, and many an in.

considerable danger, and necessity alone stance occurs of their never returning to join their vessels. There is some resem:

warrants the experiment, as calves have blance to the magnificence of Eastern huuto not unfrequently (by a ship's touching, ing in these exploits.-Ed.

or disturbing the sea near them) been * A field is a continued sheet of ice, so called from their sub-mariue situation large, that its boundary cannot be seen to the surface, and with such an accelofrom the summit of a ship's mast,

rated velocity as to stare the planka and timbers of the ship, and in some pelluced, whilst the solar rays emerging instances to reduce the vessel to a therefrom were so hot, that the hand Treck.

could not be kept longer in the focus · day part of the other superficies of than for the space of a few seconds. la a piece of ice, wbich comes to be im- the formation of these lenses, I roughed Bersed beneath the surface of the them with a small axe, which cut the water, obtains the name of a longue. ice tolerably smootb; ( then scraped

A bight signifies a bag or sipuosity, them with a knife, and polished them en the border of any large mass or merely by the warmth of tbe hand, supbody of ice. It is supposed to be called porting them during the operation in a Egk, from the low word bile, or take woollen glove. I once procured a piece is, or eatrap; because, in this situa- of the purest ice so large that a lens of tion, ships are sometimes so caught by sixteen inches diameter was obtained a change of wind, that the ice caopot out of it. be cleared on either tack; and in some The most dense kind of ice, which is cases, a total loss bas been the conse- perfectly transparent, is about one-tenth goence.

specifically lighter than sea water at a Whet salt-water ice Roats in the sea freezing temperature. Plunged into at a freezing temperature, the propor- pure water, of temperature 32°, the protion above to that below the surface, is portion floating above, to that below as 1 to 4 nearly; and in fresh water, at the surface, is as I to 15, and placed in the freezing point, as 10 to 69, or I to 7 boiliog fresh water, it barely fluats. Ils Learly. Hence the specific gravity ap- specific gravity is about 0.937. Fields, pears to be about 0.873. of this des- bergs, and other large masses, chiefly cription is all young ice, as it is called, consist of this kind of ice. Brash ice which forms a considerable proportion likewise affords pieces of it, the surfaces of packed and drift ice in general; where of which are always found crowded with it sccurs in fat pieces commonly cover- conchoidal excavations when taken out ed with snow, of various dimensions, of the sea. bat seldom exceediog fifty yards io Captaio Scoresby states, that land is diameter.

not oecessary for the forination of ice ; Fresh-waler ice is distinguished by its even in a rough state the ocean freezes, black appearance when floating in the forming first detached crystals, the lea, and its beautiful green hue and sludge of the sailors, and resembling transparency when removed into the spow when cast into water which is ht. Large pieces may occasionally be too cold to dissolve it. This smooths detained, possessing a degree of purity the surface of the waters like oil, and and transparency equal to that of the the congelation which ensues forms ultiftest glass, or most beautiful crystal ; mately into pieces called pancakes, of bol generally, its transparency is inter- perhaps a foot in thickness, and many tapled by numerous small globular or yards in circunference. In sheltered pear-shaped air.bobbles: these frequent. siluations, what is termed bay ice, forms

form continuous lines, intersecting more segularly and rapidly. Much of the ice in a direction apparently per. this is formed in the bays and islands of pendicular to its plane of formation. Spitzbergen, but even this quantity will Fresh-water ice is fragile, bulhard; the Bot account for the immense fields which tges of a fractured part are frequently abound in the Greenland Seas, and which so keen, as to iofiet a wound like glass. evidepily (says our authority) come The bomogeneous and most transparent from the Northward, and have their pieces are capable of concentrating the origin between Spitzburgen and the rays of the son, so as to produce a con- Pole. siderable intensity of beat. With a lump of ice of by no meaus regular convexity, MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION. I have frequently burnt wood, fired gunpowder, wielted lead, and lil the sailors'

No. XLI. pipes to Ibeir greal aslonishment; ailof

ROYAL INCOMES. whoin who could produce the needful The following is a correct return of lbe satisfaction of sinoking a' pipe, Royal Highnesses the Dukes of Claguiled by such extraordinary means. repce, Kent, Cumberland, Sussex, and Their astonishment was increased, on Cambridge, arising from Military, Na. observing that the ice resnained firm and val, or Civil Appointments, Pensions,

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of

or other Emoluments ; as well as all Grants out of the Admiralty Droils. Grants out of the Admiralty Droits To bis Royal Highness the made to them since the year 1800 :- Duke of CLARENCE,

.20,000 Annual Income.

8th April, 1806..

To his Royal Highness the His Royal Highness the Duke of Duke of KENT, CLARENCE.

joth Oct. 1905 £10,000

£. Out of Consolidated Fund 20,500 0 0

8th April, 1806 ..10,000-20,000

To his Royal Highness the As Admiral of the Fleet 1,095 00

Duke of CUMBERLAND, As Ranger of Bushy Park;

14th Oct. 1805 ..15,000 which is appropriated to

8th April, 1806 5,000-20,000 pay the Fees and Claims

To his Royal Highness the of subordinate Officers 187 9 8

Duke of Sussex,

8th April, 1806
Total....21,782 9 8

To bis Royal Highness the
His Royal Highness the Duke of Kent. Duke of CAMBRIDGE,
Out of Consolidated Fund 18,000 0 0 8th April, 1806
As Governor of Gibraltar,

Note-On the 15th of October, 1813, with Staff Pay, and Con

the sum of 20,0001. was advanced, by tingent Allowances

6,517 18 4 As Colonel of the Royal

way of loan, to his Royal Higbpess the

Duke of Clarence, to be repaid by Scotch Regiment of

quarterly

instalments of 5001. each ; Foot....

613 2 6

which six instalments have been re. As Ranger of Hampton

paid. Court Little Park ;

On the 14th July, 1806, the sum of which is appropriated

6,0001. was advanced, by way of loan, to pay the Fees and

to bis Royal Highness the "Duke of Salaries of subordinate

Kent; of which two instalments of Officers.. 74 3 4 5001, each have been repaid.

C. ARBUTASOT Total....25,205 4 2 Whitehall Treasury Chambers, His Royal Highness the Duke of 2012 April, 1818.

CUMBERLAND. Out of Consolidated Fund 18,000 0 0 As Colonel of 15th Regi. ment of Hussars 1,008 10 10 A sort of plaster so called, which well

withstands our moist climate, is made Total...,19,008 10 10 by mixing one bushel of lime slaked

with three pounds and a half of green His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex. Out of Consolidated Fund 18,000 0 0

copperas, fifteen galons of water, and

balf-a-bushel of linc gravel sand. The His Royal Highness the Duke of copperas should be dissolved in but CAMBRIDGE.

water; it must be stirred with a stick, Out of Consolidated Fund 18,000 @ 0 and kept stirring continually wbile in As Colonel of the Cold.

use. Care should be taken to mix at stream Guards

882 15 7 once as much as may be requisite for

one entire front, as it is very difficult.io Total....18,882 15 7 match the colour again ; and it ougat

to be mixed the same day it is used. Note-Besides the Incomes derived from the above-mentioned sources, their Royal Highnesses the Dukes of

STEAM-BOATS. Keot, Cumberland, and Cambridge, A steam-boat, of a new construction, draw some emolument from the allow. invented by Marquis de Joffrey, has ance for clotbing their respective regi. been tried at Bercy, in France. ments; but the amount thereof cannot ascended rapidly from Bercy to Cbabe stated, as it fluctuates according renton, against a strong current and to the nomber of men required to be a violent gale. The boilers are of cop clothed, the station on which the regi. per, and the safety-valves are so ar. ments may be serving, and the prices of ranged as to secure the buat from crery the articles furnished.

aecident.

RONAN CEMENT.

It

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