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sion, that they who “abase themselves, minister of Sky, the Rev. Dr. Ma shall be exalted.”
queen. This good man and excellen Another refinement I would mention, pastor invited several of his friend of unexceplionable tendency, is that of to meet the English lexicographer Waltzing; a proper accompaniment, and it may naturally be supposed, tha certainly, to our other refinements, and the ardent love of literature which pe far from suspicious in its nature; culiarly marks the character of th for how can any person, of the chastest Scotch, induced all that were invited to conceptions suppose, that there is any attend. The Doctor had been remark thing licentious in the movements it ably communicative at the hospitabl displays, or any thing even remotely board of his reverend host ; and from calculated to iuspire voluptuous enio- the vein which he appeared to be in, a tious in that entertwining of the limbs rich treat seemed to be in reserve for this foreign importation exhibits. the company that were assembled in the
Thus ibe man of fasbion spends his drawing-room, anxious to catch the days, (which are to be accounted, not ETEQ soli parole of the Great Man-The like others from sun-rise to sun-set, disappointment, therefore, must have but from mid-day to about 4 A.M.) been very grievous to them, at fiading between the lounging at Tattersall’s that the Doctor preserved an inflexible, and White's in the morning, and the and to them an intolerable, silence ; figuring at Almack's in the evening at length, Mrs. Macqueen addressed hini To follow him through all the minutiæ in the general phraseology of the tea. of his manners, relined as they are, table, Dr. Johnson, shall I give you to a nicely and exactness no one can any more tea ; you have had twelve adequately appreciate, would be end- enpe already."'-To any one who knew less--the 'bauteur of his gait, the low the Doctor's appetite for tea, and had congee approaching to servility to some observed the avidity with which he swal. favoured fair one, and the contemp Towed cup after cup, this question of the tuous nod to some poor tradesinan; Jady's will not appear at all extraordi. the hollow professions of friendship, nary; it must also be recollected, that ready on all occasions, but never in- at that time tea-cups were of much less tended to be realized ; and the easc capacity than they are at present. The with which appointments and engage. reply was made in all the sonorous senments may be violated without a blush tentiousness of Johnson, “ Yes, Ma. -all these I pass by, because they dam, I will have twelve more, to pupish are only the appendages in the charac. you for asking the questivo.” – The ter and complete its excellence. I now astonishment of the company may easily conclude this too long extended ar. be conceived, when their expectations, ticle, but shall, if consonant with your which were raised to the highest pitch, wishes, pursue my remarks al a future were thus met by a speech that might period. I am, Sir, your's respectfully, well have been considered, in a party
ONE OF THE OLD SCHOOL. much less civilized and intelligent than London, 91h April, 1818.
that which heard it, as savouring more
of uncourtcous self-reference than of Tolhe Editor of the European Magazine. brilliant repartecấbut it shewed the
mind of the man as distinctly as any I
SEND you the following original elaborate argument that he could have
anecdotes of the celebrated Dr. taken up, for the display of his jotelSamuel Johnson, which I believe have lectual powers. Dever before met the public eye. You bave them, Sir, as recounted to me by The Doctor, on his return from this authorities of unexceptionablo veracity tour, stopped a few days at one of the If requisite, these authorities can be re- Scotch universities. It happened, that ferred to; for I am perfectly aware that in an evening party formed on purpose nothing ought to be fathered upon the to mect him, at the house of one of the fame of Johnson which is not sufti professors, a young North Briton, lately ciently authenticated to bear the test of returned from America, took upon him inquiry. I am, Sir,
to monopolize the conversatioii rather Your obedient servant, F. I. S. longer than the Doctor's patience was DURING the Doctor's tour of the subject conveyed a very energetic des
disposed to allow, more especially as the Hebrides, be paid a visit to tbc' worthy cription of the advantages enjoyed by
pour transatlantic brethren above those Greenland is a country where every
which the inhabitants of Great Britain object is strikingly singular, or highly could boast of. The author of “ 'Taxa. magnificent. The atmosphere, the land,
tien no Tyranny" could not endure this and the ocean, each exhibit remarkable 3 indirect reflection upon his Tory prioci. or sublime appearances.
, and abruptly interrupted the young The atmosphere is dark coloured, irateller with one of his thooder-clap dense, frequeoily producing crystallized interrogatories—" Pray, Sir, are we to snow in a wonderful perfection and vaexcept your account as a relation of riety of forın and texture, and remarkpositive fact, or only as the vision of able for sudden transitions from calm to a rebellious hope ! -You think, per- storm, and from foul to fair. haps, that you have said enough to The land is a sublime object; its stuamuse us, but I think, young man,
pendous mountains rising abruptly from that you have said a great deal too the very margin of the sea, and ierii. mach, which no one will thaok you' nating in ridged, conical, or pyramidal far, and every one who thinks cor- summits; the dark rocks chequered with fætly will despise, either as an evi. their burthens of purest snow; and the deace of an imbecile judgment, or of whole, viewed under the density of a u evil heart.”—The iravelier, mani- gloomy.sky, forming a grand aud imfestly much offended at this speech, pressive picture. Its most remarkable instantly withdrew from the company. inhabitant, the white or Polar bear, Mrs. Piozzi took occasion to expostu. which also occurs on the ice, the fero. late with the Doctor upon the cruet cious, and apparently natural lord of reverity of his attack." Madam," those regions. He preys indiscriminatesaid the Doctor, cutting her gentle re- Jy on quadruped, reptile, fowl, and fish; buke sbort," he that has not genius all behold him with dread, and dee his trough to give dignity to fiction, or presence. The seals signify their fear judgment enough io preserve the pros of him by constant watching, and bebability of truth, deserves to be re- take themselves precipitately to the proved for those defects by which the water on his approach.* Carrion, theretrackery of bis vanity deceives him.” fore, chiefly the carcass of the whale at a
certain season) affords bim a passive,
sure, and favourite food. His sense of THE REPOSITORY.
smelling is peculiarly acute; in his march No. XLVII.
he frequently faces the breeze, raises his
head, and snuffs the passing scent, Te mind of man not being capable of whereby he discovers the nearest route
to his odorous banquet, though the having many ideas under view at once, it ras secessary to have a REPOSITORY to
distance be incredibly great. ky up those ideas." -Locke.
The water affords the bed, and partly the materials for the most prodigious
masses of ice. Its colour is peculiar. (From the Literury Gazelle.) Its products numerous and important. We name of Captain William Here the huge myslicetus, or whalebone who have taken an interest iu the pro- sports and astonishes big bis vast bulk blem, the solution of which is now at- and proportionate strength; is the obtempting. His observations ou a voy- ject of maritime t adventure and com. page, wherein he penetrated to a very mercial wealth. high northern latitude, may be consi. dered as the foundation for this attempt; * We are assured by a Greenland capand the paper containing bis remarks, tain, that he has seen the bear display astoread to the Werberian Natural History nishing proofs"of sagacity. When wound Society, and contained in the second ed by a musket-shot, they will apply ice to volume of their Memoirs, cannot fail to the wound, with their paws, in order to be reckoned estreruely importaut.
staunch the bleeding. Of this fact our in. The following is its substance, and formant has been an eye-witness.- Ed. the only alteration we make, is that of navigator's life wi:h“ moving accidents by
+ The perils of the whale-fishing fill the pulting Captain Scoresby’s information food," and their adventures are truly deinto our own lunguage, instead of copy- serving of the name of romantic, as well as ing that of the literary gentieman who of dangerous and tragical. One lash of prepared it for the Wernerian Society: the monster of the deep will dash their
LECT COLLECTION OF FUGITIVE PIECES.
THE ARCTIC EXPEDITIONS.
of the inanimate productions of exceed forty or fifty yards in diameter. Greenland, nove excites so much inte. Now, such a number of these pieces rest and wonder as the ice, in its great collected together in close contact, so abundance and variety, in the ice- that they cannot, from the top of the islands, floating mountains, or ice-bergs, ship's mast, be seen over, are termed a common to Davis' Straits.
Yet the pack. fields * of ice more peculiar to Green- When the collection of pieces can be land are not less astonishing. Their seen across, if it assume a circular or deficiency in elevation is sufficiently polygopal form, the name of patch is compensated by their amazing extcut applied, and it is called a stream when of surface. Some of them have been its shape is more of an oblong, how observed near a bundred miles in parrow soever it may be, provided the length, and more that half that breadth; continuity of the pieces is preserved. each consisting of a single sheet of ice, Pieces of very large dimensions, but having its surface raised in general four smaller than fields, are called foes i or six feet above the level of the water, tbus a field may be compared to a pack, and its base depressed to the depth of and a floe to a palch, as regards then near twenty feet beneath.
size and external form. We shall now extract literatim Capt. Small pieces which break off, and Scoresby's excellent description of the are separated from the larger masse! various kinds of ice, which are met by the effect of attrition, are called with in the Northern Seas.
brash ice, and may be collected inte The ice in general is designated by a streams or patches. variety of appellations, distinguishing it Ice is said to be loose, or open, wher according to the size or number of the pieces are so far separated, as to pieces, their form of aggregation, thick- allow a ship to sail freely amongs ness, transparency, &c. I perhaps cag. them; this has likewise been called not better explain the terms in com- drifl-ice. mon acceptation amongst the whale. A hummock is a protuberance, raiser fishers, thao by marking the disruption upon any plane of ice above the com of a field. The thickest and strongest mon level. It is frequently producer field cannot resist the power of a heavy by pressure, where one piece is squeezer swell; indeed, such are much less capa. upon another, often set upon its edge ble of bending without being dissevered, and in that position cemented by the than the thinner ice which is more frost. Hummocks are likewise formed pliable. When a field, by the set of by pieces of ice inutually crushing each ihe current, drives to the southward, other, the wreck being coacervater and, being deserted by the loose ice, upon one or both of them. To hum becomes exposed to the effects of a mocks, the ice is indebted for its va grown'swell, it presently breaks into a riety of fanciful shapes, and its pictur great many pieces, few of which will resque appearance. They occur it
great numbers in heavy packs, on the little boat in pieces, and break the limbs of edges, and occasionally in the middle men like the wheel, or crush tbem together of fields and foes. They often attain as with an avalanche. When the whale
the height of thirty feet and upwards. has young, she is particulaily fierce, and requires to be approached with caution; been depressed by the same means as a
A calf, is a portion of ice wbich bas and her maternal fondness is so great, that buinmock is elevated. It is kept down if her offspring is struck with the barpoon; by sume larger mass: from beneath she will not desert it, and the fishers are sure of the parent. It is a strange right to
which it shows itself on one side. I see these unwieldy creatures with the have seen a calf so deep and broad, young laid, as it were, across their tails, that the ship sailed over it without sucking their “mighty mothers.” Boals touching, when it might be observed are sometimes carried through the spuiny on both sides of the vessel at the same sea at the rate of fourteen miles an hour, time; this, however, is attended with by the harpooned whale, and many an in
considerable danger, and necessity alone stance occurs of their never returning to join their vessels. There is some resem.
warrants the experimeul, as calves have blance to the magnificence of Eastern huvt. not uufrequently (by a ship's touching, ing in these exploits.- Ed.
or disturbing the sea near them) been * A field is a continued sheet of ice, so
called from their sub-marine situation large, that its boundary cannot be seen to the surface, and with such au accelofrom the summit of a ship's mast,
rated velocity as to slave the planks
and timbers of the ship, and in some pelluced, whilst the solar rays emerging inozces to reduce the vessel to a therefrom were so hot, that the hand Wreck
could not be kept longer in the focus day part of the other superficies of than for the space of a few secoods. la 3 piece of ice, which comes to be im- the formation of these lenses, I roughed sersed beneath the surface of the them with a small axe, which cut the mater, obtains the name of a longue. ice tolerably sinootb; I then scraped
4 bighe signifies a bag or siouosity, them with a knife, and polished them at the border of any large mass or merely by the warmth of the hand, supbody of ice. It is supposed to be called porting them during the operation in a bgtl
, from the low word bile, or take woollen glove. I once procured a piece is , or estrap; because, in this situa- of the porest ice so large that a lens of tion
, ships are sometimes so caught by sixteen inches diameter was obtained a change of wind, that the ice caopot out of it. be cleared on either tack; and in some The most dense kind of ice, which is cases, a total loss bas been the conse- perfectly transparent, is about one-tenth quence.
specifically lighter than sea water at a When sall-water ice foats in the sea freezing temperature. Plunged into at a freezing temperature, the propor- pure water, of temperature 32°, the protion above to that below ihe surface, is portion floating above, to that below
1 to 4 bearly; and in fresh water, at the surface, is as I to 15, and placed in the freezing point, as 10 to 69, or I to 7 boiliog fresh water, it barely fivats. Ils Learly. Hence the specific gravity ap- specific gravity is about 0.937. Fields, pears to be aboot 0.873. of this des- bergs, and other large masses, chiefly tription is all young ice, as it is called, consist of this kind of ice. Brash ice which forms a considerable proportion likewise affords pieces of it, the surfaces ofpecked and drift ice in geveral; where of which are always found crowded with it occurs in fat pieces commonly cover- conchoidal excavations when taken out
with mow, of various dimensions, of the sea. but seldom exceeding fifty yards in Captaio Scoresby states, that land is
not oeeessary for the forination of ice; Freak-water ice is distinguished by its even in a rough state the ocean freezes,
appearance when floating in the forming first detached crystals, the e, and its beautiful green hue and sludge of the sailors, and resembling transparency when removed into the snow when cast into water which is altLarge pieces may occasionally be too cold to dissolve it. This smooths dětained, possessing a degree of purity the surface of the waters like oil, and and transparency equal to that of the the congelation which ensiles forms ulti
or most beautiful crystal; mately into pieces called pancakes, of but generally, its transparevey is inter perhaps a foot in thickness, and many tupled by oumerous small globular or yards in circunference. lo sheltered peat shaped air bubbles: these frequent. situations, what is termed bay ice, forms y form continuous lines, intersccting more regularly and rapidly. Much of the ice in a direction apparently pero this is formed in the bays and islands of pendicular to its plane of formation. Spitzbergen, but even this quantity will Fresh-water ice is fragile, buthard ; the vot account for the immense fields which edges of a fractured part are frequently abound in the Greenland Seas, and which so keen, as to iobiet a wound like glass. evidently (says our authority) come The homogeneous and most transparent from the Northward, and have their pieces are capable of concentrating the origin between Spitzburgen and the rays of the soo, so as to produce a con.
Pole. siderable intensity of heat. With a lump of ice of by no meaus regular convexity, I have frequently bornt wood, fired gun.
MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION. powder, melted lead, and lit the sailors'
No. XLI. pipes to ibeir great astonishment; ailof whoin why could produce the needful Te following is a correct return of le satisfaction of sinoking a' pipe, Koyal Highnesses the Dukes of Claigvited by such cxtraordinary means. repce, Keut, Cumberland, Sussex, and Their astonishment was increased, on Cambridge, arising from Military, Na. observing that the ice respained firmand val, or Civil Appointments, Pcusions,
or other Emoluments ; as well as all Grants out of the Admiralty Droils. Grants out of the Admiralty
Droits To bis Royal Highness the made to them since the year 1800 :- Duke of CLARENCE, Annual Income.
8th April, 1806... 20,000
To bis Royal Highness the
Duke of KENT,
joth Oct. 1805 £10,000
8th April, 1806 ..10,000—20,000 Out of Consolidated Fund 20,500 0 0
To his Royal Highness the As Admiral of the Fleet 1,095 00
Duke of CUMBERLAND, As Ranger of Bushy Park;
14th Oct. 1805 ..15,000 which is appropriated to
8th April, 1806 5,000-20,000 pay the Fees and Claims
To his Royal Highness the of subordinate Officers 187 9 8
Duke of Sussex,
8th April, 1806
To bis Royal Highness the
Note-On the 15th of October, 1813, with Staff Pay, and Con
the sum of 20,0001. was advanced, by tingent Allowances
6,517 18 4 As Colonel of the Royal
way of loan, to his Royal Higboess the
Duke of Clarence, to be repaid by Scotch Regiment of
quarterly instalments of 5001. each ; of Foot....
613 2 6
which six instalments have been re• As Ranger of Hampton
paid. Court Little Park ;
On the 14th July, 1806, the sum of which is appropriated
6,0001. was advanced, by way of loan, to pay the Fees and Salaries of subordinate
to bis Royal Highness the Duke of
Kent; of which two instalments of Officers. 74 3 4 5001. each have been repaid.
C. ARBUTINOT Total....25,205 4 2 Whitehall Treasury Chambers, His Royal Highness the Duke of 20th April, 1818.
CUMBERLAND. Out of Consolidated Fund 18,000 0 0 As Colonel of 15th Regi. ment of Hussars 1,008 10 10 A sort of plaster so called, which well
withstands our moist climate, is made Total...,19,008 10 10 by mixing one bushel of lime slaked
with three pounds and a half of green His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex. Out of Consolidated Fund 18,000 0 0
copperas, fifteen gallons of water, and
balf-a-bushel of five gravel sand. The His Royal Highness the Duke of copperas should be dissolved in lut CAMBRIDGE.
water ; it must be stirred with a stick, Out of Consolidated Fund 18,000 @ 0
and kept stirriug continually wbile in As Colonel of the Cold
use. Care should be taken to mix at stream Guards
882 15 7
once as much as may be requisite for
one entire front, as it is very difficult.io Total...,18,882 15 7 match the colour again ; and it ougit
to be mixed the same day it is used. Note-Besides the locomes derived from the above-mentioned sources, their Royal Highnesses the Dukes of
STEAM-BOATS. Kent, Cumberland, and Cambridge, A steam boat, of a new construction, draw some emolument from the allow- invented by Marquis de Joffrey, has ance for clothing their respective regi. been tried at Bercy, in France. It ments; but the amount thereof cannot ascended rapidly from Bercy to Chabe stated, as it fluctuates according renton, against a strong current and to the nomber of men required to be a violent gale. The boilers are of cop clothed, the station on which the regi. per, and the safety-valves are so arments may be serving, and the prices of ranged as to secure the boat from every the articles furnished.